List of tropical cyclone records

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For the Hurricane Records record label, see Beverley Knight.

This is a condensed list of tropical cyclone records.[1]

Major records[edit]

Characteristic Record Date Location Note
Most intense
(lowest central pressure)
870 mb (hPa) (25.69 inHg) October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Ocean [2][3]
Most intense
(1-minute maximum sustained surface winds)
96 m/s (215 mph, 185 kt, 345 km/h) October 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in eastern Pacific Basin [4]
Most intense
(10-minute maximum sustained winds)
72 m/s (160 mph, 140 kt, 260 km/h) October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Basin [5]
Most intense at landfall
(1-minute maximum sustained winds)
88 m/s (196 mph, 170 kt, 315 km/h) November 7, 2013 Typhoon Haiyan in northwest Pacific Basin [6]
Fastest intensification
(central pressure)
100 mb (hPa), from 976 mb (hPa) to 876 mb (hPa) in under 24 h September 22 - 23, 1983 Typhoon Forrest in the northwest Pacific Ocean [7][8]
Fastest intensification
(1-minute sustained surface winds)
55 m/s (120 mph, 105 kt, 195 km/h), from 40 m/s (85 mph, 75 kt, 140 km/h) to 95 m/s (205 mph, 180 kt, 335 km/h) in under 24 h October 22 - 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in eastern Pacific Basin [4]
Highest wind gusts 113 m/s (253 mph, 220 kt, 408 km/h) April 10, 1996 Cyclone Olivia in Barrow Island, Western Australia, Australia [9]
Highest storm surge 14.5 m (48 ft) March 5, 1899 Cyclone Mahina in Bathurst Bay, Queensland, Australia [10]
Highest overall rainfall 6,083 mm (239.5 in) January 14 - 28, 1980 Cyclone Hyacinthe in Reunion Island [11]
Largest tropical cyclone
(diameter)
Gale winds (17 m/s, 34 kt, 39 mph, 63 km/h) extending 2,220 km (1,380 mi) from center October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in northwest Pacific Ocean [2][12]
Smallest tropical cyclone
(winds from center)
Gale winds (17 m/s, 34 kt, 39 mph, 63 km/h) extending 18.5 km (11.5 mi) from center October 7, 2008 Tropical Storm Marco in Bay of Campeche [13]
Largest Eye
370 km (230 mi) August 20, 1960 Typhoon Carmen in northwest Pacific Ocean [14]
Smallest Eye
3.7 km (2.3 mi) October 19, 2005 Hurricane Wilma in Caribbean Sea [15]
Warmest Eye 32.2 °C (90.0 °F) at 758 hPa height October 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in eastern Pacific Ocean [16]
Longest lasting tropical cyclone 31 days August 11 - September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in northeast and northwest Pacific Basin [17]
Longest distance traveled by tropical cyclone 13,280 km (7,165 mi) August 11 - September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in northeast and northwest Pacific Basin [18]
Longest lasting Category 5 windsα 5.50 days September 9–14, 1961 Typhoon Nancy in west Pacific Basin [19]
Costliest tropical cyclone $108 billion (2005 USD) in damages August 29, 2005 Hurricane Katrina in western Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico [20]
Deadliest tropical cyclone c. 500,000+ fatalities November 12, 1970 1970 Bhola cyclone in Bay of Bengal [21]
Closest proximity to the equator 0.7° N November 28, 2004 Cyclone Agni in the North Indian Ocean [22]
Heaviest natural object moved 177 short tons (161 t) November 8, 2013 Typhoon Haiyan on Samar, Philippines [23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cerveny, Randall S.; Jay Lawrimore; Roger Edwards; Christopher Landsea (June 2007). "Extreme Weather Records. Compilation, Adjudication, and Publication". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 88 (6): 853–860. Bibcode:2007BAMS...88..853C. doi:10.1175/BAMS-88-6-853. 
  2. ^ a b George M. Dunnavan & John W. Dierks (1980). "An Analysis of Super Typhoon Tip (October 1979)" (PDF). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved 2007-01-24. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Hurricane Patricia - EP202015" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2016-02-06. 
  5. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (2010-01-12). "Best Track for Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclones" (TXT). Retrieved 2014-11-30. 
  6. ^ Jeff Masters (November 7, 2013). "Super Typhoon Haiyan: Strongest Landfalling Tropical Cyclone on Record". Weather Underground. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  7. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (October 10, 1992). RSMC Best Track Data – 1980–1989 (.TXT) (Report). Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  8. ^ The Japan Meteorological Agency is the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Center for the western Pacific Ocean.
  9. ^ "Info note No.58 — World Record Wind Gust: 408 km/h". World Meteorological Association. 2010-01-22. 
  10. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  11. ^ "Some Remarkable Values in the SW Indian Ocean" (PDF). Meteo France. Retrieved 2015-07-30. 
  12. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Archived from the original on 2008-12-22. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  13. ^ NHC Hurricane Research Division (2008-01-01). "Atlantic hurricane best track ("HURDAT")". NOAA. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  14. ^ Evans, Bill. It's Raining Fish and Spiders. Hurricane Extremes: Google Ebooks. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  15. ^ A Dictionary of Weather. Weather Records: Storm Dunlop. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  16. ^ Hurricane Hunters (October 23, 2015). "[Hurricane Patricia Decoded Dropsonde Information]". Tropical Globe. Retrieved October 24, 2015. 
  17. ^ Dorst, Neal (2004). "Which tropical cyclone lasted the longest?". NOAA Tropical cyclone FAQ. NOAA. Retrieved 2006-05-22. 
  18. ^ Neal Dorst (2006). "What is the farthest a tropical cyclone has traveled ?". Hurricane Research Division. Archived from the original on 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2007-02-23. 
  19. ^ "Faq : Hurricanes, Typhoons, And Tropical Cyclones". Aoml.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  20. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/HAW2/english/history.shtml
  21. ^ Frank, Neil; Husain, S. A. (June 1971). "The deadliest tropical cyclone in history?" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. American Meteorological Society. Retrieved 2007-04-15. [dead link]
  22. ^ Gary Padgett (2002). "December 2001 Worldwide Tropical Weather Summary". Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  23. ^ Hooper Ben (2014-12-19). "Supertyphoon moved 177-ton boulder 150 feet". UPI. Retrieved 2014-12-19. 

External links[edit]