List of tunnels in Australia

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Outbound lanes of CityLink, inside the Burnley Tunnel in Melbourne 2010

This is a list of tunnels in Australia which includes any road, railway, waterway or other form of tunnel, anywhere in the country.

New South Wales[edit]

Name Locale Address/Facility Type Length Notes
m ft
Airport railway line Sydney underground railways Sydney Airport to Central Rail 10,000 33,000
Ardglen Tunnel Upper Hunter region Main North Line Rail 488 1,601 [1]
Airport Tunnel Mascot General Holmes Drive Road 550 1,800 [2]
Belmore Tunnel Blue Mountains Main Western Line Rail Used by Zig Zag tourist railway
Bethungra Spiral Bethungra Main South Line Rail 205 673 Two tunnels
Border Tunnel Tweed Valley North Coast Line Rail 1,600 5,200 On the border between New South Wales and Queensland[3]
Boronia Tunnels Cowan Main North Line Rail 1-4 in use, 5 deviated; double track
Carcoar Tunnel Carcoar Blayney–Demondrille railway line Rail
City Circle Sydney central business district Sydney underground railways Rail
Clarence Tunnel Clarence Main Western Line Rail 439 1,440 Deviated by Ten Tunnels; used by Zig Zag tourist railway
Coffs Harbour Coffs Harbour North Coast Line Rail Five tunnels
Cougal Spiral North Coast Line Rail Two tunnels
Cross City Tunnel Sydney central business district Road
Cudgen Road Tunnel Tweed Valley Road
Devonshire Street Tunnel Sydney central business district Haymarket to Surry Hills Pedestrian
Dorrigo railway line Dorrigo Rail Two tunnels
Eastern Distributor Tunnel Woolloomooloo Road
Eastern Suburbs railway line Sydney Sydney central business district to Bondi Junction Rail
Epping to Chatswood railway line Sydney Epping to Chatswood Rail
Fernleigh Tunnel Rail Rail trail-cycleway
Gib tunnel Main South Line Rail One single track, one double track
Glenbrook Tunnel Glenbrook Main Western Line Rail
Helensburgh Tunnels Helensburgh South Coast rail line Rail 7 tunnels, disused
M2 Lane Cove Tunnel Lane Cove Road
Long Island Main North Line Rail
Merewether Bluff Merewether Rail Disused, Australia's first 2 railway tunnels, 1861 & 1862, privately operated[4]
M5 East Tunnel Sydney Road
Mullet Creek Main North Line Rail
New Main Tunnel Picton Main South Line Rail
NorthConnex Road 9,000 30,000 Under construction
North West Rail Link Sydney Bella Vista to Epping Rail Under construction, open 2019
Old Glenbrook Tunnel Glenbrook Main Western Line Rail Deviated
Old Main Tunnel Picton Main South Line Rail 181 594 Disused; previous use between 1 March 1867 until 13 July 1919.[5]
Redbank Tunnel Main South Line Rail Deviated, filled in
St Helena Tunnel Tweed Valley Road Opened 18 December 2015
Sydney Harbour Tunnel Sydney Sydney central business district to North Sydney Road 2,800 9,200 [6]
Ten Tunnels Deviation Blue Mountains Main Western Line Rail 70 to 825 230 to 2,707 Replaced the Lithgow Zig Zag; ten tunnels of varying length[7]
Tickhole Tunnel Between Cardiff and Kotara stations Main North Line Rail 165 to 205 541 to 673 Dual tunnel[8][9][10][11]
Tugun Bypass Tunnel Tweed Heads Gold Coast Airport Road 334 1,096 [12]
WestConnex Sydney Road Under construction
Woy Woy Tunnel Between Wondabyne and Woy Woy stations Main North Line Rail 1,790 5,870 Opened 15 August 1887; double track[13]
Wynyard Walk Sydney central business district Wynyard Pedestrian 180 590 [14]

Queensland[edit]

Name Locale Address/Facility Type Length Notes
km mi
Airport Link Brisbane Road 6.700 4.163 Australia's longest road tunnel.
Boolboonda Tunnel Mount Perry Boolboonda, Bundaberg Region Rail heritage 0.192 0.119 [15]
Border Tunnel Rail 1.600 0.994 On the border between New South Wales and Queensland
Cherry Gully Tunnel Southern Downs Region Warwick - Stanthorpe Line Rail Comprises two single-track tunnels.[16]
Clem Jones Tunnel Brisbane Between Woolloongabba and Bowen Hills Road 4.800 2.983 Two parallel tubes under the Brisbane River.[17]
Cross River Rail Brisbane From Dutton Park station to the Boggo Road busway station Rail 5.400 3.355 Proposed
Dalveen Tunnel Dalveen Southern Downs Region Rail
Dularcha Railway Tunnel Mooloolah Sunshine Coast Region Rail, disused 0.100 0.062 [18]
Eastern Busway Brisbane Annerley Road Road, busway 0.640 0.398
Inner City Bypass Brisbane Road 0.350 0.217 [19]
Lahey's Canungra Tramway Tunnel Canungra Gold Coast Rail heritage 0.091 0.057 c.1900.[20]
Legacy Way Toowong and Kelvin Grove, Brisbane Linking the Western Freeway with the Inner City Bypass Road 4.600 2.858 Two bored tunnels carrying two motorway grade lanes of traffic in each direction.[21]
Leopard Street Tunnel Brisbane Stormwater c.1890.
Main Range tunnels Rail
Many Peaks - Monto loop line Boyne Valley Gladstone to Monto railway line Rail heritage 0.730 0.454 Six tunnels on a disused railway line.
Muntapa rail tunnel Cooyar Cooyar railway line, Toowoomba Region Rail heritage 0.280 0.174 [22]
Nundah Bypass Nundah, Brisbane Road 0.285 0.177 [23]
Toowoomba Second Range Crossing Toowoomba Road Proposed[citation needed]
Tugun Bypass tunnel Tugun Gold Coast Road 0.334 0.208 [24]
Victoria Tunnel Grandchester Main Line Rail 0.537 0.334 [25]
Yimbun Railway Tunnel Harlin Somerset Region Rail 0.100 0.062 [26]

South Australia[edit]

Heysen Tunnel in South Australia, 2006
Name Locale Address/Facility Type Length Notes
km mi
Barossa Reservoir supply tunnel Williamstown Between South Para River and South Para Reservoir Water 2 1.2
Belair National Park Tunnel Belair Belair National Park, Main South Line Rail
Clarendon Weir to Happy Valley Reservoir Tunnels south of Adelaide central business district Water
Dowds Hill Tunnel Peterborough - Broken Hill railway Rail
Former Coromandel Tunnel Main South Line Rail
Former Pinera Tunnel Main South Line Rail
Former Sleeps Hill Tunnels Main South Line Rail
Heysen Tunnels Mount Lofty Ranges South Eastern Freeway Road 0.5 0.31 [27]
Long Gully Tunnel Main South Line Rail
Murray Bridge Tunnel Murray Bridge Main South Line Rail 0.08 0.050 [28]
Sleeps Hill Tunnel Main South Line Rail
Shepherds Hill Road Tunnel Main South Line Rail
Tod River Reservoir works Water
Torrens Gorge Tunnel Water
Upper Sturt Tunnel Main South Line Rail
Yantaringa Tunnel Main South Line Rail

Tasmania[edit]

Name Locale Address/Facility Type Length Notes
km mi
Rhyndaston Tunnel South of Oatlands Southern Tasmania Rail 0.955 0.593 [29]

Victoria[edit]

Name Locale Address/Facility Type Length Notes
km mi
City Loop Tunnels La Trobe Street, Spring Street, Melbourne Melbourne Underground Rail Loop Rail 12 7.5 Comprises two single bidirectional tunnels Flinders StreetParliament; four single bidirectional tunnels Parliament–Flagstaff; three single bidirectional tunnels Flagstaff–Southern Cross.
Burnley Tunnel Richmond, Melbourne CityLink Monash Freeway Road 3.4 2.1
Domain Tunnel Richmond, Melbourne CityLink Monash Freeway Road 1.6 0.99
Melba Tunnel Mitcham, Melbourne Eastern Freeway to Eastlink Richmond Road 1.6 0.99
Mullum Mullum Tunnel Mitcham, Melbourne Eastern Freeway to Eastlink Richmond Road 1.6 0.99
Spotswood sewer tunnel Fishermans Bend and Spotswood, Melbourne Under Yarra River connecting Hobsons Bay Main with former Spotswood Sewerage Pumping Station Sewer 0.2 0.12 Continues in use as part of Melbourne's Sewerage system.
West Gate Tunnel Spotswood and Fishermans Bend, Melbourne Melbourne Westgate Bridge Road 3 1.9 Proposed as part of the Western Distributor, construction to commence in 2018.[30]

Western Australia[edit]

Northbridge Tunnel in Western Australia, 2005
Name Locale Address/Facility Type Length Notes
km mi
Canning Tunnel Canning Dam to Perth Darling Scarp Water supply 5.6 3.5 [31]
Northbridge Tunnel Northbridge Perth Road 1.6 0.99
Swan View Tunnel Swan View Perth; John Forrest National Park Rail 0.262 0.163 Closed and now converted to a rail trail[32]
William Street Tunnel Perth railway station to The Esplanade Perth Rail 0.7 0.43 Twin bored tunnels that are part of the New MetroRail City Project[33]
Wungong Tunnel Wungong Dam to Perth Darling Scarp Water supply

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ardglen Railway Tunnel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  2. ^ Google (11 September 2017). "List of tunnels in Australia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  3. ^ "Cougal To Border Loop, Railway Spiral and Landscape". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  4. ^ "Glenrock State Conservation Area, Plan of Management" (PDF). Department of Environment, Climate Change & Water, NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. New South Wales Government. September 2010. p. 28. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  5. ^ "Old Main Tunnel, Main South Line". Nswrail.net. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  6. ^ Pratley, Juliet (1993). "Sydney Harbour Tunnel". Concrete International. 15 (7): 19–23. 
  7. ^ "Great Zig Zag Railway deviation tunnels". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  8. ^ "The Sydney Connecting Railway". Newcastle Morning Herald And Miners' Advocate. XI, (8425). New South Wales, Australia. 2 April 1884. p. 4. Retrieved 11 June 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  9. ^ "NEWS OF THE DAY.". The Sydney Morning Herald (15,410). New South Wales, Australia. 16 August 1887. p. 7. Retrieved 11 June 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  10. ^ "THE GOSFORD-NEWCASTLE RAILWAY.". The Sydney Morning Herald (15,408). New South Wales, Australia. 13 August 1887. p. 7. Retrieved 11 June 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  11. ^ "NEWS OF THE DAY.". The Sydney Morning Herald (15,400). New South Wales, Australia. 4 August 1887. p. 7. Retrieved 11 June 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  12. ^ "Tugun Bypass". Projects. Lend Lease. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  13. ^ "Public Works". The Sydney Morning Herald. 22 July 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  14. ^ "Wynyard Walk". Barangaroo Delivery Authority. 20 September 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  15. ^ Alex Brown (2003-05-07). "Gin Gin explodes out of the blocks for its 9.93 seconds of fame". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  16. ^ "Cherry Gully Tunnel (entry 601517)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  17. ^ "Brisbane's CLEM7 tunnel opening". ABC News Online. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 16 March 2010. 
  18. ^ "Dularcha Railway Tunnel (entry 601522)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  19. ^ North-South Bypass Tunnel, Brisbane, Australia Road Traffic Technology.
  20. ^ "Lahey's Canungra Tramway Tunnel (entry 602529)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 May 2011. 
  21. ^ Tunnelling, Legacy Way, Transcity official website (accessed 24 April 2013)
  22. ^ "Muntapa Tunnel (entry 602594)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  23. ^ "Nundah Bypass". Arup. Archived from the original on 10 November 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2008. 
  24. ^ "Tugun Bypass". Projects. Lend Lease. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  25. ^ Grandchester: Then & Now
  26. ^ "Yimbun Railway Tunnel (entry 602637)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  27. ^ "Heysen Tunnels Construction". Government of South Australia, Department for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. 13 August 2004. Archived from the original on 31 August 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2007. 
  28. ^ "Summary of State Heritage Place: 13949A/26373  : Murray Bridge Transport Precinct" (PDF). South Australian Heritage Council. 7 July 2015. pp. 5–7. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  29. ^ "Rhyndaston Tunnel". Structurae.net. Nicolas Janberg. 2017. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 
  30. ^ "West Gate Tunnel Project Western Distributor Reference design released". West Gate Tunnel Project. Government of Victoria. 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2017. 
  31. ^ "Water Tunnel Under Range". The West Australian. 5 August 1972. 
  32. ^ "THE ONLY RAILWAY TUNNEL IN THE STATE". Western Mail. National Library of Australia. 23 May 1903. p. 32. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 
  33. ^ "Australia, Perth - au/23". www.tunnelbuilder.com. 2017. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 

External links[edit]