List of turkey breeds
Turkey breeds are reported to the DAD-IS breed database of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations by more than sixty countries. The breeds reported include commercial/industrial strains, local types and recognised breeds in many countries.
Twenty breeds are reported to DAD-IS by the United States. Eight of them are recognised by the American Poultry Association in its breed standard, the American Standard of Perfection, where however they are classified as "varieties" rather than as breeds. This may be because the original genotype for domestic turkeys was for Bronze, and all other color varieties are due to mutations from it.
|Beltsville Small White||1951||heritage turkey||Created by the USDA at Beltsville Agricultural Research Center in Beltsville Maryland,
Once very popular, it is now rare.
|Black turkey||1874||heritage turkey||Alternatively called Spanish Black or Norfolk Black or American Black.|
|Bourbon Red||1909||heritage turkey|
|Bronze||1874||heritage turkey||The Broad Breasted Bronze, like the Broad Breasted White,
are nonstandardized commercial strains that do not qualify as a variety.
|Royal Palm||1977||heritage turkey||Largely ornamental, mostly white with distinctive black banding.|
|Slate||1874||heritage turkey||Alternatively known as Blue Slate or Lavender.|
|Variety (by National Standards)||Variety (colour)||country of origin||Comments|
|American Blue (Slate Turkey)||gray/blue||USA|
|American Bronze||Brown/Black base color with white near some of the turkey's feather tips.||USA|
|American Black||USA||Pink legs and horn-colored beak. Spanish Black and Norfolk Black have black pigmented legs and beak.|
|Beltsville Small White||white||USA|
|Dindon du Bourbonnais||black||F|
|Deutsche Pute||D||with EE-Standard of Perfection|
|Cröllwitzer||D||≈Royal Palm (USA)|
|Black Winged Bronze||D|
|French turkey (Dindon)||porcelan coloured||F|
|Dindon du Gers||schwarz||F|
|Tacchino castano d'Italia||I|
|Tacchino nero d'Italia||black||I|
|Norfolk Black Turkey||GB|
|Dindon de Ronquières||fauve||B|
|à épaulettes jaunes||B||≈Tricoloré du Colorado (F), ≈Sweetgrass (USA)|
|jaspé||B||≈Royal Palm (USA), ≈Cröllwitzer (EE)|
|perdrix||B||≈Krefelder Pute (D)|
|Royal Palm||black and white||GB|
|Dindon rouge des Ardennes||B/F||a French breed, supposedly brought to Flanders in the 16th century from Mexico by the Spanish.|
|Dindon de Sologne||black||F|
|Czech turkey (Česká krůta)||Czech Wild White-braided Turkey (Divocezbarvené bíle lemované)||CZ|
|šedědivocezbarvene bíle lemované||CZ|
Other varieties not recognized by the APA or EE include the following:
- Auburn or Light Brown is an extremely rare as its numbers are not considered high enough for inclusion in the Standard. An extremely rare variant of the Auburn is called the Silver Auburn.
- Buff (or Jersey Buff) is a very rare heritage breed.
- Chocolate breed is chocolate brown in color. Day-old poults are white-faced with chocolate bodies.
- Midget White is a rare heritage breed sometimes confused with the Beltsville Small White.
- Zagorje (Zagorski puran) is a Croatian variant of turkey.
- Turkey genus
- Wild turkey of North America
- Domestic turkey
- Ocellated turkey, a species of turkey residing primarily in the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Turkey breeds.|
- Breed data sheet: Turkey. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed December 2019.
- Breed data sheet: United States of America, Turkey. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed December 2019.
- "APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- Ekarius, Carol (2007). Storey's Illustrated Guide to Poultry Breeds. Storey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-58017-667-5.
- "Listing Breed and Colour in the EE Standard". Archived from the original on 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2013-06-11.