List of turnpikes in New Jersey

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This is a list of turnpike roads, built and operated by private companies in exchange for the privilege of collecting a toll, in the U.S. state of New Jersey, mainly in the 19th century. While most of the roads are now maintained as free public roads, some have been abandoned.

Name Chartered Routing Approximate modern designation Notes
Almonesson and Westville Turnpike[1] March 11, 1853
Allentown and Imlaystown Turnpike[1] 1858 Allentown - Imlaystown[2] CR 526
Belleville Bridge and Turnpike Road Association[1] 1802
Belleville Turnpike[1] 1808 Belleville - Kearny Route 7
Belleville and Newark Plank Road[1] 1849
Bergen Turnpike[1] November 30, 1802 Hackensack - Ridgefield - Hoboken Hudson Street, Bergen Turnpike, U.S. Route 1/9, Bergen Turnpike, Hackensack Plank Road
Berlin and Haddonfield Turnpike[1] March 25, 1875 Berlin - Haddonfield[2] CR 561
Beverly and Charleston Turnpike[1] April 2, 1868
Beverly and Mount Holly Plank Road or Turnpike[1] 1851 Beverly - Rancocas - Mount Holly Mount Holly Road, Beverly Rancocas Road, Rancocas Road
Beverly and Riverton Turnpike and Bridge Company[1] 1853
Bordentown and Columbus Turnpike[1] March 14, 1856 Bordentown - Columbus[2] - Chambers Corners[3] U.S. Route 206
Bordentown and Crosswicks Turnpike[1] March 3, 1856 Bordentown - Crosswicks[2] - North Crosswicks;[3] branch to Chesterfield - New Egypt[2] CR 528, Bordentown Crosswicks Road; CR 528
Bordentown and Drawbridge Turnpike[1] March 5, 1857 Bordentown - White Horse[2] US 206
Bordentown and Hornerstown Turnpike[1] 1854 Bordentown - Chesterfield - Hornerstown County Route 528, Arneytown Chesterfield Road, Arneytown Hornerstown Road
Bordentown and South Amboy Turnpike[1] February 16, 1816 Bordentown - Washington - Hightstown - Cranbury - Jamesburg - Spotswood - South Amboy U.S. Route 130, Route 33, Main Street, County Route 535, Bordentown Turnpike, County Route 615
Bricksburg and Point Pleasant Turnpike[1] 1871
Bridgeton and Deerfield Turnpike[1] 1852
Bridgeton and Fairfield Turnpike[1] 1858 Bridgeton - Fairton[citation needed] Bridgeton Fairton Road
Bridgeton and Marlton Turnpike[1] 1855
Bridgeton and Millville Turnpike[1] February 7, 1854 Bridgeton - Millville Route 49
Burlington Turnpike[1] November 24, 1808 Unbuilt
Burlington and Beverly Turnpike[1] 1858 Burlington - Beverly County Route 543
Burlington and Columbus Turnpike[1] March 14, 1856 Burlington - Columbus - Tilghmans Corner[2] CR 543, Mt. Pleasant Road
Burlington and Jacksonville Turnpike[1] 1855
Burlington and Mount Holly Turnpike[1] 1857 Burlington - Mount Holly County Route 541
Burlington and Willingboro Turnpike[1] 1855 Burlington - Willingboro Salem Road[citation needed]
Camden and Atlantic Turnpike[1] March 25, 1852
Camden and Blackwoodtown Turnpike[1] 1855 Camden - Mount Ephraim - Blackwood Route 168
Camden, Ellisburg and Marlton Turnpike[1] February 28, 1849 Camden - Marlton Route 70
Camden and Gloucester City Turnpike[1] 1853
Cape Island Turnpike[1] March 1, 1851 Cape May Point - Cape May Sunset Boulevard
Cape May Turnpike[1] 1854 Cape May - Cape May Court House U.S. Route 9
Cape May Boulevard Turnpike[1] 1873
Centreton Turnpike[1] 1855
Coleville and Carpenter's Point Turnpike[1] 1851 Colesville Wantage Twp, Montague Twp Route 23
Columbia and Walpack Turnpike[1] January 21, 1819 Columbia - Millbrook - Walpack - Tuttles Corner[citation needed] Interstate 80, Old Mine Road, Mountain Road, Brook Road
Columbus and Kinkora Turnpike[1] March 14, 1856 Kinkora - Columbus[2] Kinkora Road, Hedding Road
Columbus and Wrightstown Turnpike[1] 1855
County Line Turnpike[1] 1874 New Brunswick - Ten Mile Run[2]
Crosswicks and Trenton Turnpike[1] March 17, 1854 Crosswicks - Trenton Broad Street, County Route 524
Deal and Squan Bridge Turnpike[1] 1868 Deal - Asbury Park - Belmar - Lake Como Route 71
Deckertown and Newton Turnpike[1] January 27, 1814 Sussex - Newton Loomis Avenue, County Route 565, U.S. Route 206
Delaware and Jobstown Rail or McAdamised Road[1] February 11, 1833
Dover Turnpike January 12, 1813 Unbuilt
Dutch Lane and Marlboro Turnpike[1] 1867
East Brunswick and New Brunswick Turnpike[1] 1865
Eatontown and Sea Shore Turnpike[1] February 9, 1865 Eatontown - Long Branch County Route 537
Eatontown and Squan Turnpike[1] 1866
Elizabeth and Rahway Plank Road[1] 1870
Englewood Dock and Turnpike[1] March 16, 1869
Englishtown and Millstone Turnpike[1] March 14, 1863
Englishtown Turnpike[1] 1862
Essex and Middlesex Turnpike[1] March 3, 1806 New Brunswick - Metuchen - Rahway - Elizabeth - Newark Route 27, Northeast Corridor right-of-way, Broad Street
Ewing and Hopewell Turnpike[1] 1865
Farmers' Turnpike[1] February 9, 1811 Unbuilt
Farmingdale and Squankum Turnpike[1] 1866
Florence and Freehold Plank or Turnpike Road[1] February 19, 1852 Florence - Freehold
Florence and Jobstown Turnpike[1] 1858
Florence and Keyport Plank Road[1] August 17, 1853 Union Beach - Morganville County Route 39, County Route 3 Was planned to reach Florence
Forked River and Barnegat Turnpike[1] February 23, 1870
Franklin Turnpike[1] March 3, 1806 Ho-Ho-Kus - Allendale - Mahwah - New York (Orange Turnpike) Franklin Turnpike, County Route 507
Freehold and Colt's Neck Turnpike[1] 1859 Freehold - Colts Neck County Route 537
Freehold and Englishtown Turnpike[1] 1863 Freehold - Englishtown County Route 522
Freehold and Howell Plank Road[1] March 1, 1853 Freehold - Howell Route 79, U.S. Route 9, County Route 524
Freehold and Jerseyville Turnpike[1] 1866 Jerseyville Avenue, Route 33
Freehold and Smithville Plank Road[1] 1854 County Route 537
Freehold and Smithville Turnpike[1] February 26, 1858 County Route 537
Georgetown and Franklin Turnpike[1] February 15, 1816 New Brunswick - Rocky Hill - Hopewell - Lambertville - Pennsylvania Route 27, County Route 518
Glassboro and Carpenter's Landing Turnpike[1] February 4, 1850 Glassboro - Mantua
Glassboro and Malaga Turnpike[1] 1851 Glassboro - Clayton - Franklinville - Malaga Route 47
Gloucester Turnpike[1] March 5, 1850
Gloucester and Salem Turnpike[1] March 6, 1851
Good Intent and Woodbury Turnpike[1] 1851
Godwinville and Paterson McAdamized Road[1] April 4, 1867
Gravelly Ridge Turnpike[1] March 14, 1856 Jericho - Woods Upper Mill[2] Jericho Road
Great and Little Egg Harbor Turnpike[1] 1855
Hackensack and Fort Lee Turnpike[1] January 23, 1828 Hackensack - Fort Lee Fort Lee Road, Main Street
Hackensack and Harrington Plank Road[1] March 14, 1856 Ridgefield Park - Teaneck - Dumont - New York[2] Teaneck Road, Washington Avenue, Schraalenburgh Road, Tappan Road
Hackensack and Paterson Turnpike[1] February 6, 1815 Paterson - Elmwood Park - Saddle Brook - Hackensack Market Street, Essex Street
Hackensack Plank Road[1] 1853 Bergen Turnpike
Haddonfield and Camden Turnpike[1] 1839 Haddonfield - Camden County Route 561
Hainesport, Lumberton and Vincentown Turnpike[1] 1853 Hainesport - Lumberton - Vincentown Chestnut Street, Landing Street
Highlands and Sea Bright Turnpike[1] March 25, 1875 Navesink Beach (Highlands Station) - Sea Bright[2] Route 36
Hightstown and Allentown Turnpike[1] March 17, 1870
Hightstown and Cranbury Turnpike[1] 1866
Hightstown and Imlaystown Turnpike[1] 1857
Hightstown and Manalapanville Turnpike[1] March 16, 1866 Hightstown - Manalapan Route 33
Hightstown and Perrineville Turnpike[1] March 9, 1859
Hightstown and Princeton Turnpike[1] March 17, 1870
Hightstown and Robbinsville Turnpike[1] 1870
Hoboken and Hudson River Turnpike[1] March 16, 1857
Holmdel and Keyport Turnpike[1] March 9, 1859 Holmdel - Keyport County Route 4
Holmdel and Middletown Point Turnpike[1] February 28, 1862 Holmdel - Matawan Route 34
Hope and Hackettstown Turnpike[1] February 11, 1813 Unbuilt
Hopewell and Ewing Turnpike[1] March 17, 1854 Trenton - Ewing - Pennington Route 31
Howell Turnpike[1] 1858
Hudson and Bergen Plank Road[1] March 24, 1852
Hudson and Hackensack Roadway[1] 1874
Hunterdon and Sussex Turnpike[1] March 12, 1806 Unbuilt
Jefferson Turnpike[1] December 3, 1807 Unbuilt
Jersey City and Acquackanonk Turnpike[1] November 28, 1808 Unbuilt
Jersey City and Bergen Point Plank Road[1] March 6, 1850 Jersey City - Bayonne - Bergen Point Grand Street, Ocean Avenue, Broadway
Keyport and Middletown Turnpike[1] March 5, 1852 Route 35
Keyport and Oak Grove Turnpike[1] February 23, 1870 Unbuilt Broadway, Lloyd Road, Line Road
Lambertville and Flemington Plank Road[1] 1851
Lambertville and Flemington Turnpike[1] 1873
Lambertville and Ringoes Turnpike[1] 1854
Lambertville and Rocky Hill Turnpike[1] 1860
Lawrence Turnpike[1] 1858
Lawrenceville, Berkeley and Thorofare Turnpike[1] 1855
Leedsville and Colt's Neck Turnpike[1] 1867
Long Beach Turnpike Manahawkin - Ship Bottom Route 72
Long Branch and Deal Turnpike[1] 1866 Deal - Long Branch Monmouth Road
Long Branch and Sea Bright Turnpike[1] 1870 Sea Bright - Long Branch Route 36
Long-a-coming and Chew's Landing Turnpike[1] March 3, 1856 Berlin (Long-a-coming) - Clementon - Chews Landing[2] Clementon Road, Berlin Road, Chews Landing Road[4]
Longacoming, May's Landing and Tuckerton Turnpike[1] 1859
Manalapan and Freehold Turnpike[1] March 18, 1863 Manalapan - Freehold Route 33; County Route 24
Manalapan and Patton's Corner Turnpike[1] March 24, 1863 Manalapan - Morganville County Route 3
Manalapan Turnpike[1] 1862
Manalapanville and Englishtown Turnpike[1] March 27, 1868 Manalapan - Englishtown County Route 527 Alternate
Manalapanville and Perrineville Turnpike[1] 1866
Mantua Creek and Red Bank Turnpike[1] 1851
Marlborough and Quinton's Bridge Turnpike[1] 1864
Matawan and Holmdel Turnpike[1] March 11, 1862 Unbuilt Bethany Road, Church Street
Mechanicsville and Oceanville Turnpike[1] 1866
Medford and Indiantown Turnpike[1] 1857
Medford and Tuckerton Turnpike[1] March 25, 1852 Medford - Tuckerton County Route 541, Stokes Road, Iron Pipe Road, Chatsworth Road, Stage Road
Middlesex and Monmouth Turnpike[1] March 13, 1863 County Route 516
Middletown Turnpike[1] 1866 Middletown - Red Bank Route 35
Middletown and Holmdel Turnpike[1] March 17, 1870
Middletown and Keyport Turnpike[1] March 15, 1859 Keyport - Middletown Route 35
Milltown Turnpike[1] 1869
Millville and Buckshutem Turnpike[1] March 20, 1857
Millville and Malaga Road[1] 1852 Millville - Vineland - Malaga Route 47
Millville and Mauricetown Turnpike[1] 1866
Millville, Vineland and Carlsburg Turnpike[1] 1865
Monmouth County Plank Road[1] February 20, 1850 Freehold - Matawan - Keyport Route 79, County Route 516, County Route 6
Moorestown and Camden Turnpike[1] February 28, 1849 Moorestown - Camden County Route 537
Moorestown and Mount Laurel Turnpike[1] 1859 Moorestown - Mount Laurel
Morris Turnpike[1] March 9, 1801 Elizabeth - Union - Morristown - Netcong - Newton - Culver's Gap Route 82, Route 124, Sussex Turnpike, Route 10, U.S. Route 46, U.S. Route 206, County Route 519, Morris Turnpike
Morristown and Baskingridge Turnpike[1] 1866
Mount Holly and Eayrestown Turnpike[1] March 24, 1855
Mount Holly and Jobstown Turnpike[1] February 25, 1853 Mount Holly - Jobstown County Route 537
Mount Holly, Lumberton and Medford Turnpike[1] 1854 Mount Holly - Lumberton - Medford County Route 541
Mount Holly and Moorestown Turnpike[1] March 25, 1852 Mount Holly - Moorestown County Route 537
Mount Holly and Pemberton Turnpike[1] 1852
Mount Holly and Pemberton South Turnpike[1] 1855
Mount Hope and Longwood Turnpike[1] February 11, 1815 Unbuilt
Mullica Hill and Camden Turnpike[1] 1849 Mullica Hill - Mantua - Woodbury Route 45
Mullica Hill and Pittsgrove Turnpike[1] March 14, 1851
Mullica Hill and Pole Tavern Turnpike[1] 1851
Mullica Hill and Red Bank Turnpike or McAdamized Road[1] 1849
Mullica Hill and Woodbury Turnpike[1] February 28, 1849
Mullica Hill and Woodstown Turnpike[1] 1851 Mullica Hill - Woodstown Route 45
Navesink Turnpike[1] 1869
Newark Plank Road and Ferry[1] February 24, 1849 Jersey City - Newark Newark Avenue, Communipaw Ave/U.S. Route 1/9 Truck, Ferry Street
Newark Turnpike[1] December 1, 1804 Jersey City - Harrison - Newark Newark Avenue, Route 7, County Route 508
Newark and Clinton Plank Road[1] 1861
Newark and Elizabeth Plank Road[1] March 14, 1856 Newark - Elizabeth[2] NJ 27
Newark and Elizabethtown Plank Road[1] 1854
Newark and Morris Turnpike[1] February 11, 1811 Newark - South Orange - Morristown County Route 510
Newark and Mount Pleasant Turnpike[1] February 27, 1806 Newark - West Orange - Dover Route 10
Newark and Pompton Turnpike[1] February 24, 1806 Newark - Bloomfield - Montclair - Singac - Riverdale; Montclair - Caldwell - Pine Brook County Route 506 Spur, County Route 506, Route 23, Newark Pompton Turnpike; County Route 506
New Brunswick and Cranbury Turnpike[1] 1865 New Brunswick - Cranbury - Cranbury Station
New Brunswick and Middleburgh Turnpike[1] February 11, 1814 Unbuilt
New Egypt and Manchester Turnpike[1] 1867
New Germantown Turnpike[1] February 11, 1813 North Branch - Lamington - Oldwick - Long Valley County Route 665, County Route 517
New Jersey Turnpike[1] February 27, 1806 New Brunswick - Bound Brook - Somerville - Lebanon - Clinton - Bloomsbury - Phillipsburg - Pennsylvania County Route 527, Route 28, U.S. Route 22, Route 122
New Milford Turnpike[1] February 14, 1811 Unbuilt
New Providence Turnpike[1] February 11, 1815 Unbuilt
Newton Turnpike[1] February 6, 1819 Unbuilt
North Hudson Turnpike
Ocean Beach and Squan River Turnpike[1] 1874
Ocean City and Beesley's Point Turnpike
Parsippany and Rockaway Turnpike[1] 1809 Pine Brook - Parsippany - Denville - Rockaway - Wharton U.S. Route 46, Main Street, Mount Pleasant Avenue
Passaic Turnpike[1] February 2, 1833 Unbuilt
Passaic and Hackensack Ferry and Road[1] 1828
Paterson and Hamburg Turnpike[1] March 3, 1806 Passaic - Paterson - Riverdale - Bloomingdale - Hamburg - Sussex - Montague - Pennsylvania Main Avenue, Main Street, Broadway, Hamburg Turnpike, Route 23, Libertyville Road, Deckertown Turnpike
Paterson and New Antrim Turnpike[1] November 23, 1825 Unbuilt
Paterson and New Prospect Turnpike[1] November 23, 1825 Unbuilt
Paterson and New York Plank Road[1] March 14, 1851 Paterson - Passaic - Wallington - East Rutherford - Secaucus - Hoboken Main Street, Main Avenue, Paterson Avenue, Route 120, Paterson Plank Road
Peapack Plank Road[1] 1854
Perrineville and Monroe Turnpike[1] 1869
Perrineville and Sweetman's Lane Turnpike[1] 1871 County Route 1
Perth Amboy Turnpike[1] November 22, 1808 Perth Amboy - Metuchen - Piscataway New Brunswick Avenue, County Route 501
Pittstown and Barnsboro Turnpike[1] 1851
Pittstown and Bridgeton Turnpike[1] 1852
Pleasantville and Atlantic Turnpike or Plank Road[1] February 2, 1853 Pleasantville - Atlantic City Old Turnpike, Turnpike Road
Pochuck Turnpike[1] February 12, 1817 Hamburg - Glenwood - New York Route 94, County Route 517
Pompton and Paterson Turnpike[1] 1867
Port Elizabeth Turnpike[1] 1867
Port Elizabeth and Millville Turnpike[1] March 24, 1852 Port Elizabeth - Millville Route 47
Port Monmouth and Middletown Plank Road[1] 1854 Port Monmouth - New Monmouth - Middletown
Princeton and Kingston Branch Turnpike[1] December 3, 1807 Trenton - Princeton - Kingston County Route 583, Route 27
Princeton and West Windsor Plank or McAdamized Road[1] 1851
Ramapo and Weehawken Plank Road[1] March 11, 1853
Raritan and Delaware Plank Road[1] 1850
Red Bank and Eatontown Turnpike[1] February 9, 1865 Broad Street, County Route 11, Route 35
Red Bank and Holmdel Turnpike[1] March 24, 1864
Red Bank and Tinton Falls Turnpike[1] 1857
Red Bank and Woodbury Turnpike or McAdamized Road[1] 1848
Ringwood and Long Pond Turnpike[1] February 9, 1811 Ringwood - Greenwood Lake - New York County Route 511, Warwick Turnpike
Robertsville and Patton's Corner Turnpike[1] 1861 County Route 3
Salem and Woodstown Turnpike[1] 1852
Schooley's Mountain Turnpike[1] March 22, 1865
Sea Isle City Turnpike
Shiloh Turnpike[1] April 5, 1866
Shrewsbury Plank Road[1] 1852
Shrewsbury Turnpike[1] 1857 Red Bank - Shrewsbury - Eatontown Route 35
Smithville and Blue Ball Turnpike[1] February 7, 1866 County Route 524
Smithville and Clarksburgh Turnpike[1] 1867 County Route 524
South River and Freehold Plank Road[1] February 19, 1850
Spotswood and Matchaponix Turnpike[1] 1870
Spotswood and Old Bridge Turnpike[1] February 25, 1867
Springfield and Newark Turnpike[1] March 3, 1806 Springfield - Irvington - Newark Route 124, Springfield Avenue
Spruce Run Turnpike[1] January 12, 1813 Clinton - Hampton - Washington - Oxford Route 31
Squankum and Point Pleasant[1] 1868
Stockton and Newton Turnpike[1] March 18, 1859
Sweetman's Lane Turnpike[1] 1866
Texas Mills and Spotswood Turnpike[1] April 9, 1868
Tinton Falls Turnpike[1] 1866 Colts Neck - Tinton Falls - Eatontown County Route 537
Toms River and Forked River Turnpike[1] March 27, 1867
Trenton and Allentown Turnpike[1] March 11, 1856 Trenton - Mercerville - Hamilton Square - Robbinsville - Allentown[2] NJ 33, CR 526
Trenton and Ewing Turnpike[1] March 17, 1860
Trenton and New Brunswick Turnpike[1] November 14, 1804 Trenton - New Brunswick U.S. Route 1, Route 26
Union Turnpike[1] February 23, 1804 Morristown - Morris Plains - Dover - Sparta - Branchville - Culver's Gap - Montague - Pennsylvania U.S. Route 202, Mountain Way, Route 10, Salem Street, Route 15, Route 181, Route 15, U.S. Route 206
Union Turnpike North Bergen, NJ - connecting - Bergen Turnpike - Paterson Plank Road Union Turnpike
Upper Freehold and Millstone Turnpike[1] 1860
Upper Pittsgrove and Pittsgrove Turnpike[1] 1852
Vernon Turnpike[1] February 14, 1811 Unbuilt
Vernon and Newton Turnpike[1] January 27, 1814 Unbuilt
Vincentown and Mount Holly Turnpike[1] March 24, 1852
Vincentown and Tabernacle Turnpike[1] 1854 Vincentown - Tabernacle
Washington Turnpike[1] March 3, 1806 Morristown - Mendham - Chester - Schooley's Mountain - Washington - Phillipsburg - Pennsylvania; Schooley's Mountain - Hackettstown County Route 510, County Route 513, County Route 517, Pleasant Grove Road, Penwell Road, Route 57; County Route 517
Washington and Cranbury Turnpike[1] 1866
Water Gap Turnpike[1] February 8, 1811 Unbuilt
Weehawken Turnpike[1] March 2, 1837
Westfield and Camden Turnpike[1] February 28, 1849 Camden - Burlington Westfield Avenue, U.S. Route 130
West Hoboken Roadway[1] 1873
Westville and Glassborough Turnpike[1] March 24, 1852
White Horse Turnpike[1] 1854 Camden - Stratford U.S. Route 30
Williamstown and Camden Road[1] 1849
Williamstown and Good Intent Turnpike[1] 1852
Winslow Turnpike[1] 1858
Woodbridge Turnpike[1] November 22, 1808 New Brunswick - Woodbridge - Rahway; Woodbridge - Carteret - New York (Richmond Turnpike via ferry)[citation needed] County Route 514; Port Reading Avenue
Woodbridge and Blazing Star Turnpike[1] February 16, 1816
Woodbury and Camden Turnpike[1] February 28, 1849
Woodbury and Cross Keys Turnpike[1] 1853 Woodbury - Cross Keys Egg Harbor Road
Woodmancy and Barnegat Turnpike[1] March 29, 1864
Woodstown and Pennsgrove Turnpike[1] 1852
Zinc Mines Plank Road[1] March 10, 1852

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik New Jersey; John Hood (1877). Index of colonial and state laws between the years 1663 and 1877 inclusive. J.L. Murphy, printer. pp. 850–865. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o From the law that incorporated the company
  3. ^ a b 1857 supplement
  4. ^ F. W. Beers, State Atlas of New Jersey, 1872