List of turnpikes in New York

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This is a list of turnpikes built and operated by private companies or non-profit turnpike trusts in the U.S. state of New York, mainly in the 19th century. While most of the roads are still maintained as free public roads, some have been abandoned.

Name Chartered Length
(mi)
Length
(km)
Routing Approximate modern designation Notes
Albany and Schenectady Turnpike April 1, 1797 14 23 NY 5
First Great Western Turnpike March 15, 1799 52 84 US 20
Columbia Turnpike March 29, 1799 20 32 NY 23 via NY 23B Connected to Twelfth Massachusetts Turnpike at east end
Rensselaer and Columbia Turnpike April 1, 1799 28 45 US 20
Eastern Turnpike April 1, 1799 40 64 Connected to Williamstown Turnpike at east end
Northern Turnpike April 1, 1799 Also had spur from Salem to Vermont state line (now CR 153)
Seneca Turnpike April 1, 1800 160 257
Susquehannah Turnpike April 1, 1800 30 48
Orange Turnpike April 4, 1800 25 40 Connected to Franklin Turnpike at south end
Mohawk Turnpike April 4, 1800 80 129 NY 5
Westchester Turnpike April 7, 1800 10 16 US 1 Connected to Connecticut Turnpike at north end
Newburgh and Cochecton Turnpike March 20, 1801 60 97
Flushing and Newtown Turnpike March 21, 1801 5 8 Flushing Avenue[citation needed]
Chenango Turnpike March 30, 1801 65 105
Oneida Turnpike March 31, 1801 25 40
  • Peterboro Road
  • Cody Road
Union Turnpike April 3, 1801 30 48
Stephentown Turnpike April 3, 1801 10 16
New-Windsor and Blooming-Grove Turnpike April 3, 1801 10 16
Second Great Western Turnpike April 4, 1801 45 72
Quaker Hill Turnpike March 30, 1802 10 16
Troy and Schenectady Turnpike April 2, 1802 14 23 NY 7
Hudson Branch Turnpike April 2, 1802 10 16
Ulster and Delaware Turnpike April 2, 1802 25 40 Connected to Salisbury and Canaan Turnpike at east end
Dutchess Turnpike April 5, 1802 35 56 Connected to Goshen and Sharon Turnpike at east end; also had spur from Millbrook to Dover Plains (now NY 343)
Schoharie Turnpike April 5, 1802 60 97 Split into the Eastern Branch and Western Branch on March 13, 1807
Canandaigua and Bath Turnpike April 2, 1803 35 56
Third Great Western Turnpike April 4, 1803 90 145
Highland Turnpike March 24, 1804 110 177
Susquehannah and Bath Turnpike April 7, 1804 100 161
Albany and Bethlehem Turnpike April 9, 1804 5 8
Fall-hill Turnpike April 9, 1804 15 24
Chatham Turnpike April 10, 1804
Coxsackie Turnpike March 2, 1805
Albany and Delaware Turnpike March 2, 1805 75 121
Little Delaware Turnpike March 16, 1805 60 97
Lake Erie Turnpike March 28, 1805 130 209
Fourth Great Western Turnpike March 28, 1805 30 48
Hillsdale and Chatham Turnpike April 2, 1805 20 32
Cayuga Turnpike April 2, 1805 120 193
Ontario and Genesee Turnpike April 2, 1805 90 145 NY 5
Onondaga Salt Spring Turnpike April 4, 1805 55 89
Great Northern Turnpike April 4, 1805 130 209
Delaware Road April 6, 1805 50 80
Newburgh and Chenango Turnpike April 6, 1805 80 129
Neversink Turnpike April 6, 1805 80 129
Popacton Turnpike April 6, 1805 90 145
Plattsburgh and Chateauguay Turnpike April 8, 1805 40 64
Utica Turnpike April 10, 1805 30 48
Rome Turnpike April 10, 1805 20 32
Greenfield Turnpike March 14, 1806 20 32
Farmers' Turnpike March 14, 1806 35 56
Ulster and Delaware First Branch Turnpike March 28, 1806 25 40
Waterford and Whitehall Turnpike March 28, 1806 60 97
Newburgh and New-Windsor Turnpike April 2, 1806 5 8
Schenectady and Ballstown Turnpike April 2, 1806 5 8
Unadilla Turnpike April 2, 1806 40 64
Jamaica and Rockaway Turnpike April 2, 1806 15 24
Canajoharie and Charleston Turnpike April 2, 1806 20 32
Hamilton and Skaneateles Turnpike April 2, 1806 70 113
Highland Turnpike April 2, 1806 110 177
New-Baltimore and Rensselaerville Turnpike April 2, 1806 20 32
Mohawk Bridge and Ballstown Turnpike April 2, 1806 20 32
Waterford Turnpike April 4, 1806 40 64
  • Middletown Road
  • Guideboard Road
  • Plant Road
  • Plank Road
  • Kinns Road
  • Carlton Road
  • Main Street
Mexico Turnpike April 4, 1806 50 80
Middleburgh and Rensselaerville Turnpike April 4, 1806 15 24
Albany and Greene Turnpike April 7, 1806 35 56
Eastern Branch of the Schoharie Turnpike March 13, 1807 see Schoharie Turnpike (1802)
Western Branch of the Schoharie Turnpike March 13, 1807 see Schoharie Turnpike (1802)
Essex Turnpike April 3, 1807
Owego and Ithaca Turnpike April 6, 1807 35 56
Otsego and Broome Turnpike April 6, 1807
Salina and Chenango Turnpike April 6, 1807
Lake George Turnpike April 6, 1807
Groton Turnpike April 6, 1807
Saugerties and Woodstock Turnpike April 7, 1807
New Paltz Turnpike April 7, 1807
Rensselaerville and Durham Turnpike March 4, 1808
Great Bend and Bath Turnpike March 11, 1808
Farmer's Turnpike March 11, 1808 US 44 / NY 55
Claverack and Hillsdale Turnpike March 18, 1808
Canaan and Union Village Turnpike March 25, 1808
Bowman's Creek Turnpike March 25, 1808
Traveller's Turnpike March 25, 1808
Schoharie and Duanesburgh Turnpike March 25, 1808
Bristol and Rensselaerville Turnpike March 25, 1808
Stamford Turnpike April 1, 1808
Windham Turnpike April 1, 1808
Catskill Ferry Turnpike April 1, 1808
Beekman and Pawling's Turnpike April 1, 1808
Military Turnpike April 6, 1808
Middletown Turnpike April 6, 1808
Oneida and Jefferson Turnpike April 8, 1808
Norwich and Preston Turnpike April 8, 1808
Aurora Turnpike April 8, 1808
Green River Turnpike April 11, 1808
Pine Plains Turnpike April 11, 1808
Jerico and Norwich Turnpike April 11, 1808
Sherburne and Lebanon Salt Spring Turnpike April 11, 1808
Cook-house and Jerico Turnpike April 11, 1808
Ulster and Orange Branch Turnpike April 11, 1808
Cortlandt Turnpike February 10, 1809
Minisink and Montgomery Turnpike February 17, 1809 NY 211
Woodstock Branch Turnpike February 17, 1809
Mountain Turnpike March 17, 1809
Charlotte River Turnpike March 17, 1809
Windham and Durham Turnpike March 17, 1809
Brooklyn, Jamaica and Flatbush Turnpike March 17, 1809
Athens Turnpike March 24, 1809
Utica and Minden Turnpike March 24, 1809
Rockland Turnpike March 27, 1809
Dunderbergh and Clove Turnpike March 27, 1809
Goshen and Minisink Turnpike March 27, 1809
Eastern Union Turnpike March 28, 1809
New-Windsor and Cornwall Turnpike March 30, 1809
Owego Turnpike March 30, 1809
Angelica and Allegany Turnpike February 8, 1810
Middle Patent Turnpike February 17, 1810
Bedford Turnpike February 17, 1810
Warwick and Minisink Turnpike March 2, 1810
Westchester and Dutchess Turnpike March 9, 1810
Durham and Broome Turnpike March 23, 1810
Walton and Franklin Turnpike March 23, 1810
Paris and Bridgewater Turnpike March 23, 1810
Newburgh and Sullivan Turnpike March 30, 1810
Little Falls and Fairfield Turnpike March 30, 1810
Whitehall and Granville Turnpike April 2, 1810
Cambridge Branch Turnpike April 2, 1810
Newburgh and Plattekill Turnpike April 5, 1810
Mohawk and Black River Turnpike April 5, 1810
Bath and Geneva Turnpike April 5, 1810
Hadley and Luzerne Turnpike April 6, 1810
Plattekill and Marlborough Turnpike February 16, 1811
Southern Westchester Turnpike March 22, 1811
Washington and Saratoga Turnpike March 30, 1811
Black River Turnpike March 30, 1811
Croton Turnpike April 8, 1811
Portage Turnpike April 8, 1811
Spencer and Seneca Turnpike April 8, 1811
Madison County Turnpike April 8, 1811
Lebanon Turnpike April 8, 1811
Great Bend and Union Turnpike April 8, 1811
Balltown and Saratoga Spring Turnpike April 8, 1811
Lewis Turnpike April 8, 1811
Narrowsburgh and Sullivan Turnpike April 9, 1811
Manlius and Truxton Turnpike April 9, 1811
Deruyter and Eaton Turnpike April 9, 1811
Bethel Branch Turnpike April 9, 1811
Bridgewater and Litchfield Branch Turnpike April 9, 1811
Canandaigua, Palmyra and Pultneyville Turnpike April 9, 1811
Tioga Turnpike April 9, 1811
Sacondaga Turnpike June 15, 1812
Williamsburgh Turnpike March 11, 1814
Montezuma Turnpike March 31, 1815
Ithica and Hamburgh Turnpike April 12, 1816
Niagara and Chautauque Turnpike February 28, 1817
Buffalo and Manchester Turnpike April 10, 1818
Oxford Turnpike April 20, 1818
Niagara, Cattaraugus and Chautauque Turnpike April 12, 1819
Graves End and Coney Island Bridge March 22, 1823
Hector and Catharine Turnpike April 15, 1823
Greene and Delaware Turnpike April 10, 1828
Woodbourne and Ellenville Turnpike April 17, 1830 NY 52
Sag Harbor and Bull’s Head Turnpike March 29, 1837 3.45 5.55224 CR 79
Sag Harbor Turnpike 1840 NY 114
Albany, Rensselaerville, and Schoharie Plank Road 1850 NY 85
Newburgh and Ellenville Plank Road March 24, 1850 NY 52

References[edit]

  • DeWitt, Benjamin (1807). "A Sketch of Turnpikes in the State of New York". Transactions of the Promotion of the Useful Arts, New York. 2. pp. 190–204. – mileages and amount of capital stock
  • The Revised Statutes of the State of New-York, Volume III, 1829, pp. 587-624
  • Laws of the State of New-York, 1804
  • Henry S. Tanner, 1823 and 1825 maps of New York, accessed via the David Rumsey Map Collection
  • Franklin Ellis, History of Columbia County, New York, 1878, Chapter XIV