List of twin towns and sister cities in France

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Map of metropolitan France

This is a list of places in France having standing links to local communities in other countries (or in other parts of France). In most cases, the association, especially when formalised by local government, is known as "town twinning" (though other terms, such as "partner towns" or "sister cities" are sometimes used instead), and while most of the places included are towns, the list also comprises villages, cities, districts, counties, etc. with similar links.

Sources:[1]

A[edit]


Wendelsheim, Germany


Windberg, Germany

Albersweiler, Germany

Wendelsheim, Germany

Großkrotzenburg, Germany

Idar-Oberstein, Germany

Wachtendonk, Germany

Antequera, Spain


Gundremmingen, Germany

Wilburgstetten, Germany

Fahrenkrug, Germany

Villeneuve, Italy

Allstedt, Germany

Schwörstadt, Germany

Kriftel, Germany

Castro-Urdiales, Spain

Menden-Lendringsen, Germany


Neresheim, Germany




Görisried, Germany

La Maddalena, Italy

Schonungen, Germany

Ceneselli, Italy




Ringsheim, Germany



Cancon, France


Krostitz, Germany

Białobrzegi, Poland

Menaggio, Italy

Delmenhorst, Germany

Schwerte-Ergste, Germany


Ürzig, Germany


San Daniele del Friuli, Italy

Johannesberg, Germany

Kelheim, Germany

Eckental, Germany

Mering, Germany


Faimes, Belgium


Kinheim, Germany

Kirchgellersen, Germany



Nordwalde, Germany

Worms-Heppenheim, Germany

Herrenburg-Gültstein, Germany

Bad Brückenau, Germany

Schwarme, Germany


Forbach-Bermersbach, Germany

Sexau, Germany

Weißenberg, Germany



Weinheim-Hohen, Germany

Walheim, Germany


Ansbach, Germany


Panticosa, Spain

Bobingen, Germany


Gaggenau, Germany




Schöneck, Germany

Loßburg, Germany



Boussu, Belgium

Freudenburg, Germany



Samone, Italy


Gomaringen, Germany

Arconciel, Switzerland

Kecskemét, Hungary

Osterwieck, Germany

Menden-Halingen, Germany

Hürth, Germany

Hettstadt, Germany


Bad König, Germany



Babenhausen, Germany

Ahaus, Germany



Oberelsbach, Germany


Wörrstadt, Germany

Miltenberg, Germany

Freising, Germany

Wadgassen, Germany

Höchenschwand, Germany


Dongo, Italy

Bromskirchen, Germany

Freihalden, Germany

Völklingen-Ludweiler, Germany

Roccastrada, Italy

Bogen, Germany

Schwarzach, Germany

Hainsfarth, Germany

Hattenheim, Germany

Bollendorf, Germany

Harsefeld, Germany



Cutigliano, Italy

Bad Waldsee, Germany

Spandau, Germany

Assweiler, Germany

Schöppenstedt, Germany


Einhausen, Hesse, Germany

Hohenstein Strinz-Margaretha, Germany



Wadhurst, England, UK


Sarstedt, Germany

Sperlonga, Italy

Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne, Switzerland

Schwanfeld, Germany


Assen, Netherlands


Fossalta di Portogruaro, Italy

Memmingen, Germany

Iserlohn-Letmathe, Germany


Dison, Belgium

Gualdo Tadino, Italy

Bleckede, Germany

Taben-Rodt, Germany

Quedlinburg, Germany

Beverungen-Dalhausen, Germany

Utting, Germany

Bocholt, Germany

Hermannsburg, Germany

North Baddesley, England, UK

Schnürpflingen, Germany


Aywaille, Belgium


Hatten, Germany

Zundert, Netherlands


Heidesheim am Rhein, Germany

Roßtal, Germany


Johannesberg, Germany



Sulzfeld, Germany

Heemsen, Germany

Brugelette, Belgium

Aindling, Germany





Hohentengen, Germany

Mihai Bravu, Romania

Caprese Michelangelo, Italy

Gars am Inn, Germany

Middleham, England, UK

B[edit]








Saillon, Switzerland

Chardonne, Switzerland

Les Planchettes, Switzerland


Chittlehampton, England, UK



Tempe, Arizona, United States

Vétroz, Switzerland

Burgh le Marsh, England, UK



Chamblon, Switzerland



Tournai, Belgium



Burley, England, UK


Szekszárd, Hungary



Thuin, Belgium



Colney Heath, England, UK

Horncastle, England, UK

Thy-le-Château, Belgium


Hobro, Denmark

Saxon, Switzerland



Rheinbrohl, Germany


Sulejówek, Poland



Boussens, Switzerland


Virton, Belgium



Sway, England, UK

Ammanford, Wales, UK

Rosenheim, Germany

Jemappes, Belgium

New Alresford, England, UK



Lindos, Greece

Cumbernauld, Scotland, UK


Jugow Dolno, Poland

Reigate and Banstead, England, UK

Sawbridgeworth, England, UK

Mszczonow, Poland

Oron-la-Ville, Switzerland

C[edit]


Nikos Kazantzakis, Greece


Flobecq, Belgium


St Buryan, England, UK

Jaworzno, Poland

Northiam, England, UK

St Ives, England, UK

Vori, Greece


Algolsheim, France

Olne, Belgium


Selby, England, UK

Le Grand-Saconnex, Switzerland

Carrickmacross, Ireland

Staden, Belgium

Vevey, Switzerland

Eersel, Netherlands

Carrouge, Switzerland


Argyroupoli, Greece

Episkopi, Greece



New Port Richey, Florida, United States

Amstetten, Germany

Columbia, Maryland, United States
West Lancashire, England, UK

Chapel St Leonards, England, UK

Ferrières, Belgium

Letchworth, England, UK

Dniprovskyi, Ukraine

Saronno, Italy




Boussu, Belgium

Gozée, Belgium


Welwyn, England, UK

Dukinfield, England, UK

Warmond, Netherlands

Jalapa, Nicaragua

Torviscosa, Italy


Calne, England, UK


Mozhaysk, Russia

Perroy, Switzerland








Poole, England, UK

Aywaille, Belgium

Dong Da, Vietnam


Chamonix


Downham Market, England, UK

Scunthorpe, England, UK

Ashburton, England, UK

Étalle, Belgium

Sudbury, England, UK


Ferrières, Belgium




Vouvry, Switzerland


Assens, Switzerland

Cottens, Switzerland


Comines-Warneton, Belgium


Rhodes, Greece

Trysull and Seisdon, England, UK

Quaregnon, Belgium

Ross-on-Wye, England, UK

Chimay, Belgium


Alford, England, UK

New Milton, England, UK

Llandrindod Wells, Wales, UK

Estaimpuis, Belgium

Ware, England, UK

Harpenden, England, UK

Framlingham, England, UK


Fleurus, Belgium

Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, United States

Jodoigne, Belgium

Leighton-Linslade, England, UK
Titisee-Neustadt, Germany


Port Laoise, Ireland

Enfield, England, UK

Radymno, Poland

Meinhard Frieda, Germany

Pampilhosa da Serra, Portugal

Barlinek, Poland

Winslow, England, UK

Pallini, Greece

Alveston, England, UK

Landelies, Belgium

Anthisnes, Belgium

Ilkley, England, UK



Falkirk, Scotland, UK

Belœil, Belgium

Braishfield, England, UK


Saga, Japan

D[edit]

Ligny, Belgium

Chorleywood, England, UK


Llanidloes, Wales, UK

Nieder-Eschbach, Germany

Wirksworth, England, UK



Dinant, Belgium



Boghis, Ukraine

Shepshed, England, UK


Mielec, Poland

Bourne, England, UK



Hove, England, UK

Bautzen, Germany

Tokarnia, Poland

Vucherens, Switzerland


Sint-Truiden, Belgium

Untereisesheim, Germany

E[edit]

Matlock, England, UK



Enghien, Belgium

Saranac Lake, New York, United States

Zonnebeke, Belgium


Welkenraedt, Belgium


Peacehaven, England, UK

Bude, England, UK


Ligerz, Switzerland

Oupeye, Belgium


Folkestone, England, UK[16]

Vonitsa, Greece

Trim, Ireland


Hertford, England, UK

Bexley, England, UK

Bassenge, Belgium

F[edit]


Cressier, Neuchâtel, Switzerland


Barton-upon-Humber, England, UK

Wem, England, UK

Sombreffe, Belgium

Brenna, Poland

Ripon, England, UK

Wiesbaden, Germany




Brovary, Ukraine

Guastalla, Italy


Belém, Brazil





Potters Bar, England, UK



Acquaviva, San Marino

Corminboeuf, Switzerland

G[edit]



Kalyvia, Greece

Castle Donington, England, UK

Hondo, Texas, United States

Wincanton, England, UK

Le Locle, Switzerland

Broughton Astley, England, UK

Baschurch, England, UK

Anderlues, Belgium

Gimel, Switzerland

Novopolotsk, Belarus


Hayling Island, England, UK

Rush, Ireland

Dorking, England, UK

Limbourg, Belgium

Suwałki, Poland

Sivry-Rance, Belgium



Fáskrúðsfjörður, Iceland

Street, England, UK

Thônex, Switzerland


Ano Syros, Greece

Abernethy, Scotland, UK

Lucerne, Switzerland

Courcelles, Belgium

Bottens, Switzerland

Kluisbergen, Belgium

Shannon, Ireland

Callington, England, UK

Porthleven, England, UK

Torre, Switzerland

Linlithgow, Scotland, UK

H[edit]

Landau, Germany

Pniewy, Poland

Gesves, Belgium


Kalisz, Poland

Ferrières, Belgium



Chaudfontaine, Belgium



Purton, England, UK

Tikhvin, Russia

Corpus Christi, Texas, United States



Hochfelden, Switzerland


Feock, England, UK

Mszana, Poland

Pangbourne, England, UK

Gołdap, Poland

I[edit]

Niederwerrn, Germany

Köln-Lövenich, Germany

Gemünden, Germany

Ingersheim, Germany

Gochsheim, Germany

Weilerbach, Germany

Gunzenhausen, Germany

Uelzen, Germany

Neumarkt, Germany


Radolfzell, Germany

Newick, England, UK

Laudenbach, Germany

J[edit]


Dalkeith, Scotland, UK

Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium


Buckingham, England, UK

Alzey, Germany
Quiberon, France

Bothwell, Scotland, UK

New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

Tsagkarada, Greece

Tetford, England, UK

East Hoathly with Halland, England, UK

K[edit]

Cill Na Martra, Ireland

Hirschau, Germany

Bosselshausen Kirrweiler, Germany

Nohra, Germany

Kapsweyer, Germany

L[edit]



Woolpit, England, UK

Ingleton, England, UK

Branston, England, UK

Louth, England, UK

Ludlow, England, UK


Spa, Belgium

Alnwick, England, UK

Hornsea, England, UK

Aigle, Switzerland[17]

Kedichem, Netherlands

Eddelak, Germany

Linden, Netherlands

Écaussinnes, Belgium

Royston, England, UK

Southborough, England, UK

Swineshead, England, UK

Verviers, Belgium

Oreye, Belgium

The Lizard, England, UK

Bideford, England, UK

Manage, Belgium

Fiki, Greece

Beaconsfield, England, UK

Wadebridge, England, UK

Great Cornard, England, UK

Viveiro, Spain

Winchester, England, UK



Berdiansk, Ukraine

Binghampton, New York, United States

Boston, England, UK

Novocherkassk, Russia

La Vergne, Tennessee, United States


Lazzate, Italy

Wielsbeke, Belgium

Fislisbach, Switzerland

Heppenheim, Germany

Uffington, England, UK

Lyndhurst, England, UK

Rumia, Poland

Estaimpuis, Belgium

Węgorzewo, Poland

Quiberon, France

Cherry Willingham, England, UK

Philippsburg-Huttenheim, Germany

Kalampaka, Greece




Genazzano, Italy



Faringdon, England, UK

Hankensbüttel, Germany

Bovey Tracey, England, UK

Louveigné, Belgium

Woking, England, UK

Tonbridge, England, UK

Morlanwelz, Belgium

Barnet, England, UK

Bodmin, England, UK

As Pontes de García Rodríguez, Spain

Chastre, Belgium

Wincanton, England, UK



Lefkada, Greece

Mtskheta, Georgia

Comberton, England, UK

Worcester, England, UK

La Brévine, Switzerland

Lopik, Netherlands

Omagh, Northern Ireland, UK

Jarocin, Poland


Wendover, England, UK

Hungerford, England, UK

Sonning, England, UK


Fontaine-l'Évêque, Belgium


Taunton, England, UK

Pazzallo, Switzerland

South Molton, England, UK

Haringey, England, UK

Burwell, England, UK


Iria, Greece

Vedrin, Belgium


Büdingen, Germany

Leuze-en-Hainaut, Belgium

Radlett, England, UK

Villeret, Switzerland

Mildenhall, England, UK

Mex, Switzerland


Lefkara, Cyprus

Lincent, Belgium

Wallingford, England, UK

Buntingford, England, UK

M[edit]

Wantage, England, UK

Shifnal, England, UK


Keelby, England, UK

Corsico, Italy

Sandy, England, UK

Saint Neot, England, UK



Hillingdon, England, UK

Barrow upon Soar, England, UK

Freinsheim, Germany


Errol, Scotland, UK

Caraquet, New Brunswick, Canada

Hatfield, England, UK

Kington, England, UK

Olecko, Poland



Nafplio, Greece


Hythe and Dibden, England, UK

Devizes, England, UK

Moudon, Switzerland

Reading, England, UK

Lieshout, Netherlands

Spelthorne, England, UK


Genappe, Belgium

Redruth, England, UK

Tarnowskie Góry, Poland

Llanwrtyd Wells, Wales, UK

Matosinhos, Portugal

Bexhill, England, UK



Ciney, Belgium


Forest Row, England, UK

Villanova del Battista, Italy

Tubize, Belgium

Welton, England, UK

Simpelveld, Netherlands

Crowborough, England, UK



Racine, Wisconsin, United States


Ayer, Switzerland

Harrison, New York, United States

Ruda Śląska, Poland

Denton, England, UK
Kierspe, Germany
Wicklow, Ireland
Lunca, Romania
San Fernando, Cádiz, Spain
Marostica, Italy
São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil

Coevorden, Netherlands

Sprimont, Belgium

Hassocks, England, UK

Beaufort, North Carolina, United States



Slough, England, UK


Arendonk, Belgium

Baulmes, Switzerland

Momignies, Belgium

Wortegem-Petegem, Belgium

Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Rhosyr and Aberffraw, Wales, UK

Halle, Belgium

Willingham By Stow, England, UK

Norton, Suffolk, England, UK


Nettleham, England, UK

N[edit]





Isleham, England, UK

Whitchurch, England, UK

Montgomery, Ohio, United States


Whitchurch, England, UK



Preston, England, UK


Będzin, Poland


Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland

Crestview, Florida, United States

Puçol, Spain

Maryland, United States


Haughley and Wetherden, England, UK

Łomianki, Poland

Szczecinek, Poland

Hexham, England, UK

Broughton, England, UK


Nyon, Switzerland

O[edit]

Pully, Switzerland

Thurmaston, England, UK

Mutterstadt, Germany

Tutbury, England, UK

Llangedwyn, Wales, UK


Kelso, Scotland, UK

Northallerton, England, UK

Washingborough, England, UK




Charmey, Switzerland

Târgovişte, Romania
Tredegar, Wales, UK


Nürtingen, Germany

Great Ayton, England, UK

P[edit]

Steinsel, Luxembourg


Scandicci, Italy

Payerne, Switzerland

Crowland, England, UK


Les Bayards, Switzerland


Tarnobrzeg, Poland


Bastogne, Belgium

Boécourt, Switzerland




Beccles, England, UK

Market Drayton, England, UK

Bonfol, Switzerland


Bugny, Switzerland

Lowestoft, England, UK

Bembridge, England, UK


Launceston, England, UK

Crosshaven, Ireland

Lostwithiel, England, UK

Stithians, England, UK

Saltash, England, UK

St Germans, England, UK

Millbrook, England, UK

St Erth, England, UK

Ramilles, Belgium

Hartland, England, UK

Redruth, England, UK

Pirmasens, Germany


Keighley, England, UK

Schopfheim, Germany

Stavelot, Belgium

Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland


Constantine, England, UK

Martigny-Combe, Switzerland

Kalaroa, Bangladesh

Harlaxton, England, UK


Muinebeag, Ireland

Auvelais, Belgium

Haverhill, Suffolk, England, UK

Hayle, England, UK

Cawsand, England, UK

Eye, England, UK


Crozon, France

Wewelsburg, Germany

Préverenges, Switzerland


Autrans, France

Tilburg, Netherlands

Q[edit]

Doische, Belgium


Limerick, Ireland

Boncourt, Switzerland

R[edit]


Ramillies, Belgium

Cerfontaine, Belgium

Andover, England, UK


Gruyères, Switzerland


Rennes, France

Aspen, Colorado, United States

Engis, Belgium

Rietberg, Germany

Natitingou, Benin

Elland, England, UK

Shoreham-by-Sea, England, UK



Woodhall Spa, England, UK



Uman, Ukraine

Todmorden, England, UK

Vierzon, France


La Sagne, Switzerland




Kirkop, Malta



Truskavets, Ukraine

Uggiate-Trevano, Italy


Michelmersh and Timsbury, England, UK

S[edit]

Bückeburg, Germany

Winterton, England, UK

Carnforth, England, UK

Mex, Switzerland

Villiers, Switzerland

Wieliczka, Poland

Emsworth, England, UK

Pijnacker, Netherlands

Fayetteville, North Carolina, United States

Cookham, England, UK

Bishop's Waltham, England, UK

Ayent, Switzerland


Koltsovo, Russia

Tadcaster, England, UK

Rotherfield, England, UK

Stilton, England, UK

Hermance, Switzerland

Meisterschwanden, Switzerland


Morphou, Cyprus

Kievski, Russia

Taiyuan, China


Camborne, England, UK

Lichfield, England, UK

Krnov, Czech Republic

Bellport, New York, United States


Harrold and Carlton, England, UK


Grosseto, Italy


Arbre, Belgium

Nova Kakhovka, Ukraine

Echichens, Switzerland


Klein Rönnau, Germany

Bransgore, England, UK

Little Aston, England, UK

Stanford in the Vale, England, UK


Zierikzee, Netherlands

Botley, England, UK


Val-d'Illiez, Switzerland

Nivelles, Belgium

Sembrancher, Switzerland

Manage, Belgium


Waltham Forest, England, UK

Bishop's Castle, England, UK

Cheyres, Switzerland

Hurstpierpoint, England, UK

Philippsburg, Germany

La Louvière, Belgium

Merzig, Germany

Žamberk, Czech Republic

Sunderland, England, UK



Saint-Oyens, Switzerland

Steisslingen, Germany

Nandrin, Belgium

Clavier, Belgium



Cieszyn, Poland

Hebden Bridge, England, UK

Rotherham, England, UK

Kalives, Greece


Ahrensbök, Germany

Saint-Séverin-en-Condroz, Belgium

Calstock, England, UK


Inverness, Scotland, UK

Colden Common, England, UK

Antikyra, Greece


Brunehaut, Belgium

Huntingdon, England, UK


Crisnée, Belgium

Netanya, Israel

Holton-le-Clay, England, UK


Kallithea, Greece

Modave, Belgium

Bosau, Germany

Philippeville, Belgium


Broughton, England, UK

Paliseul, Belgium

La Roche-en-Ardenne, Belgium

Caistor, England, UK

Crickhowell, Wales, UK

Leamington Spa, England, UK

Scopwick and Kirkby Green, England, UK

Zabrze, Poland

Sevastopol, Ukraine

Bertogne, Belgium


Orlando, Florida, United States

Grenchen, Switzerland

Sion, Switzerland

Ciney, Belgium

Marchin, Belgium

Chester, England, UK

Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina


Beauraing, Belgium

Wolfenbuttel, Germany

Somerton, England, UK

Bad Berka, Germany

Stavelot, Belgium

Kandern, Germany

Odiham, England, UK



Metzerlen-Mariastein, Switzerland

Saint-Hubert, Belgium


Cricklade, England, UK

Surrey Heath, England, UK


Wipperfürth, Germany

T[edit]

Stockbridge, England, UK

Trikala, Greece

Porrentruy, Switzerland

Bussy-Chardonney, Switzerland


Long Wittenham, England, UK

Bridgnorth, England, UK

Mons, Belgium

Eberbach, Germany

Port-Gentil, Gabon

Seaton, England, UK

Sandown, England, UK





Portaria, Greece

Dunston, England, UK


Mondoñedo, Spain


Walhain, Belgium

Silly, Belgium

Barnstaple, England, UK


Allington and Sedgebrook, England, UK

Bastogne, Belgium

V[edit]

Ouffet, Belgium

Montesegale, Italy

Morcote, Switzerland

Martigny, Switzerland

Lierneux, Belgium

Clanfield, England, UK


Hamois, Belgium

Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary

Wimborne Minster, England, UK


Makrinitsa, Greece

Court-Saint-Étienne, Belgium

Orsha, Belarus

Herceg Novi, Montenegro


Angles, Spain

Stamford, England, UK

Zhodzina, Belarus

Great Shelford, England, UK

Stowmarket, England, UK

Yarm, England, UK


Palézieux, Switzerland

Fontanetto Po, Italy

Morges, Switzerland

Berloz, Belgium

Avry, Switzerland

Veyras, Switzerland




Mikołajki, Poland

Stapleford, England, UK

Dunaújváros, Hungary

Droylsden, England, UK


Gytheio, Greece

Eastleigh, England, UK



Bishop's Stortford, England, UK



Chanxhe, Belgium


Burnley, England, UK

Hamois, Belgium

Braives, Belgium

Kirriemuir, Scotland, UK

Ludford, England, UK

Boudry, Switzerland

W[edit]

Nowa Ruda, Poland

Beyne-Heusay, Belgium

Siemianowice, Poland

Tarnowskie Góry, Poland

De Pinte, Belgium

Möhnesee, Germany

Ahnatal, Germany

Tangermünde, Germany

Heidenrod, Germany


Ensdorf, Germany

Landscheid-Niederkail, Germany

Beverungen-Wehrden, Germany

Illingen, Germany

Grävenwiesbach, Germany

X[edit]

Lauf, Germany

Y[edit]

Mendig, Germany

Fassberg, Germany

Wackersberg, Germany

Ebersberg, Germany


Ivenack, Germany


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "France Magazine – Twin Towns". www.francemag.com. Retrieved 6 November 2009. 
  2. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Jumelages et Relations Internationales - Avignon". Avignon.fr (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Atlas français de la coopération décentralisée et des autres actions extérieures". Ministère des affaires étrangères (in French). Archived from the original on 26 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  5. ^ Ax les Thermes, Profile
  6. ^ "Twinning". Aberdeen City Council. Retrieved 2 Mar 2008. 
  7. ^ a b "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11. 
  8. ^ "Sister Cities". City of Norman. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  9. ^ Salford City Council. "Salford's twin towns". Salford.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 May 2008. 
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ "Opole Official Website – Twin Towns". Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Poland.svg (in English and Polish) 2007–2009 Urząd Miasta Opola. 2007. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  13. ^ "Official portal of City of Skopje – Skopje Sister Cities". City of Skopje. 2006–2009. Retrieved 14 July 2009.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  14. ^ Friendly relationship at Official website of Volgograd
  15. ^ "Vennskapsbyer". www.visitvolgograd.info. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  16. ^ Folkestone Signs Twinning Charter with Etaples, Folkestone Town Council, retrieved 2012-08-24 
  17. ^ "Jumelage" (in French). Commune d'Aigle. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  18. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften" (in German). Stadt Karlsruhe. 16 Dec 2010. Archived from the original on 24 Jul 2010. Retrieved 5 Jan 2011. 
  19. ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Lublina" [Lublin – Partnership Cities]. Urząd Miasta Lublin [City of Lublin] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 16 Jan 2013. Retrieved 7 Aug 2013.  External link in |work= (help)
  20. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 Jul 2013. Retrieved 20 Jul 2013. 
  21. ^ Paris has concluded friendship pacts with many communities; the city is officially twinned, however, only with Rome
  22. ^ "Brno – Partnerská města" (in Czech). © 2006–2009 City of Brno. Retrieved 17 July 2009.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  23. ^ "Poznań official website – Twin Towns". Flag of Poland.svg (in Polish) © 1998–2008 Urząd Miasta Poznania. 1998. Retrieved 29 November 2008.