List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan

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This is a list of places in Japan having standing links to local communities in other countries. In most cases, the association, especially when formalised by local government, is known as "town twinning" (though other terms, such as "partner towns" or "sister cities" are sometimes used as well), and while most of the places included are towns, the list also includes villages, cities, districts, and counties with similar links.

The list is arranged by traditional region and then by prefecture. See also the lists of twin towns and sister cities.

Hokkaido[edit]

Asahikawa
Bloomington, Illinois, United States[1]
Normal, Illinois, United States
Suwon, South Korea
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia
Harbin, Heilongjiang, China
Chitose
Anchorage, Alaska, United States
Ibusuki, Kagoshima, Japan
Kongsberg, Norway
Hakodate
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai, Russia[2]
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin Oblast, Russia
Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia
Tianjin, China
Makassar, Indonesia
Hokkaido[3]
Alberta, Canada
Busan, South Korea
Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
Heilongjiang, China
Massachusetts, United States[4]
Sakhalin Oblast, Russia
Seoul, South Korea[5]
Ishikari
Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada
Pengzhou, Sichuan, China
Vanino, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
Kitami
Barrhead, Alberta, Canada[a]
Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States[6]
Jinju, South Korea.
Poronaysk, Sakhalin Oblast, Russia.
Kushiro City
Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
Kholmsk, Sakhalin Oblast, Russia
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka Krai, Russia
Memuro
Tracy, California, United States
Monbetsu
Korsakov, Sakhalin, Russia
Muroran
Joetsu, Niigata, Japan
Knoxville, Tennessee, United States[7]
Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan
Nayoro
Dolinsk, Sakhalin Oblast, Russia
Lindsay, Ontario, Canada
Nemuro
Sitka, Alaska, United States
Severo-Kurilsk, Russia
Otaru
Dunedin, New Zealand
Kholmsk, Sakhalin Oblast, Russia
Nakhodka, Primorsky Krai, Russia
Rumoi
Ulan Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russia[8]
Sapporo[9][10]
Adana, Turkey[not in citation given]
Daejeon, South Korea
Munich, Germany
Novosibirsk, Russia
Portland, Oregon, United States
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Shinhidaka
Lexington, Kentucky, United States[11]
Takikawa
Springfield, Massachusetts, United States
Teshio
Homer, Alaska, United States
Tomari, Russia
Tōbetsu
Leksand, Sweden
Tomakomai
Napier, New Zealand
Wakkanai
Baguio City, Philippines
Korsakov, Russia
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia

Tōhoku[edit]

Aomori[edit]

Hachinohe
Federal Way, Washington, United States[12]
Misawa
East Wenatchee, Washington, United States
Wenatchee, Washington, United States
Sannohe
Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia

Iwate[edit]

Hanamaki
Berndorf, Baden, Austria
Hot Springs, Arkansas, United States
Rutland, Vermont, United States
Iwaizumi
Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, United States[13]
Kanegasaki
Amherst, Massachusetts, United States
Changchun, Jilin, China
Leinefelde-Worbis, Germany
Ōtsuchi
Fort Bragg, California, United States[14]

Miyagi[edit]

Kakuda
Greenfield, Indiana, United States
Misato
Winona, Minnesota, United States
Miyagi Prefecture
Delaware, United States[15]
Sendai
Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico
Changchun, Jilin, China
Dallas, Texas, United States[b][16]
Gwangju, South Korea[17]
Minsk, Belarus[18]
Oulu, Finland[19]
Rennes, Brittany, France
Riverside, California, United States
Tainan, Taiwan[20]
Tome
Southlake, Texas, United States
Vernon, British Columbia, Canada

Akita[edit]

Akita
Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
Passau, Germany
Malabon City, Philippines
Kenai, Alaska, United States
St. Cloud, Minnesota, United States
Vladivostok, Russia

Yamagata[edit]

Murayama
Barrie, Ontario, Canada
Yakutsk, Sakha Republic, Russia[21]
Sakata
Tangshan, Hebei, China
Zheleznogorsk-Ilimsky, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia
Yamagata[22]
Boulder, United States
Izu Ōshima, Japan
Jilin City, Jilin, China
Kami, Miyagi, Japan
Khorramabad, Iran[23]
Kitzbühel, Tyrol, Austria
Swan Hill, Victoria, Australia
Ulan-Ude, Buryatia, Russia

Fukushima[edit]

Koori
Elizabethtown, Kentucky, United States
Miharu
Rice Lake, Wisconsin, United States

Kantō[edit]

Ibaraki[edit]

Mito
Anaheim, California, United States
Moriya
Greeley, Colorado, United States
Mainburg, Germany
Toride
Yuba City, California, United States
Tsuchiura
Palo Alto, California, United States[24]
Tsukuba
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States[25][26]
Grenoble, France
Irvine, California, United States
Milpitas, California, United States
Shenzhen, Guangdong, China[b][27]
Yūki
Mechelen, Belgium

Tochigi[edit]

Moka
Glendora, California, United States
Nikkō
Rapid City, South Dakota, United States[28]
Utsunomiya
Manukau City, New Zealand
Orléans, France
Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States
Qiqihar, Heilongjiang, China

Gunma[edit]

Isesaki
Ma'anshan, Anhui, China
Springfield, Missouri, United States
Teradomari, Niigata, Japan
Minakami
Canyon, Texas, United States[29]
Huntsville, Texas, United States[c][30]
Ōta
Burbank, California, United States
Lafayette and West Lafayette, Indiana, United States
Yingkou, Liaoning, China

Saitama[edit]

Hanyū
Baguio, Philippines
Kaneyama, Fukushima, Japan
Durbuy, Belgium
Higashimatsuyama
Nijmegen, Netherlands[31]
Kumagaya
Invercargill, New Zealand[32]
Niiza
Jyväskylä, Finland
Nasushiobara, Tochigi, Japan
Tōkamachi, Niigata, Japan
Jiyuan, Henan, China
Neuruppin, Germany
Ogano
Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Saitama[33]
Sugito
Busselton, Western Australia, Australia

Chiba[edit]

Chiba (City)
North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Asunción, Paraguay
Houston, Texas, United States[34]
Quezon City, Philippines
Tianjin, China
Montreux, Switzerland
Wujiang District, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China
Chiba Prefecture
Wisconsin, United States[35]
Chikura, Minamibōsō
Blankenberge, Belgium
Saitama, Saitama, Japan
Funabashi
Hayward, California, United States
Odense, Denmark
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Ichihara
Mobile, Alabama, United States
Ichikawa
Gardena, California, United States
Leshan, Sichuan, China
Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia
Rosenheim, Bavaria, Germany
Wonju, South Korea
Isumi
Duluth, Minnesota, United States
Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, Russia
Woburn, Massachusetts, United States
Kashiwa
Camden, New South Wales, Australia
Chengde, Hebei, China
Guam, United States
Torrance, California, United States
Tsugaru, Aomori, Japan
Matsudo
City of Whitehorse, Victoria, Australia[d]
Kurayoshi, Tottori, Japan
Miyoshi, Minamibōsō
Ferndale, Washington, United States
Narita
Foxton, New Zealand
Incheon, South Korea
Jeongeup, South Korea
Næstved, Denmark
San Bruno, California, United States
Xianyang, Shaanxi, China
Sodegaura
Itajaí, Brazil[36]
Tateyama
Bellingham, Washington, United States[37]
Fuefuki, Yamanashi, Japan
Port Stephens, New South Wales, Australia[38]
Yachiyo
Bangkok, Thailand
Tyler, Texas, United States

Tokyo[edit]

Adachi-ku
Belmont, Australia[39]
Edogawa
Gosford, New South Wales, Australia
Higashimurayama[40]
Independence, Missouri, United States
Kashiwazaki, Niigata, Japan
Suzhou, Jiangsu, China
Kōtō
Surrey, British Columbia, Canada
Setagaya
Bunbury, Western Australia, Australia
Döbling, Vienna, Austria
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Shinagawa[41]
Auckland, New Zealand[b]
Geneva, Switzerland
Harbin, Heilongjiang, China
Hayakawa, Yamanashi, Japan
Portland, Maine, United States
Shinjuku
Dongcheng District, Beijing, China
Ina, Nagano, Japan
London Borough of Lambeth, London, United Kingdom
Lefkada, Greece
Mitte, Germany
Tokyo[42]
Beijing, China
Berlin, Germany
Cairo, Egypt
Jakarta, Indonesia
London, United Kingdom[e]
Moscow, Russia
New South Wales, Australia
New York City, New York, United States
Paris, France
Rome, Italy
Santiago, Chile[not in citation given]
São Paulo State, Brazil
Seoul, South Korea
Taipei, Taiwan

Kanagawa[edit]

Atsugi
Yokote, Akita, Japan
Abashiri, Hokkaidō, Japan
New Britain, Connecticut, United States
Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China
Gunpo, South Korea
Hadano
Suwa, Nagano, Japan
Pasadena, Texas, United States
Paju, South Korea
General Santos, Philippines
Kamakura
Ashikaga, Tochigi, Japan
Dunhuang, Gansu, China
Hagi, Yamaguchi, Japan
Nashville, Tennessee, Tennessee, United States[43]
Nice, France[44]
Ueda, Nagano, Japan
Kanagawa Prefecture[45]
Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Gold Coast City, Australia
Gyeonggi Province, Republic of Korea
Liaoning Province, China
Maryland, United States
Odessa Oblast, Ukraine
Penang, Malaysia
Västra Götaland County, Sweden
Kawasaki
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Bucheon, Korea
Da Nang, Vietnam[f]
Fujimi, Nagano, Japan
Lübeck, Germany
Naha, Okinawa, Japan
Nakashibetsu, Hokkaidō, Japan
Rijeka, Croatia
Salzburg, Austria
Sheffield, United Kingdom
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
Yokohama[46][47]
Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, Mexico[not in citation given]
Beijing, China[e]
Busan, South Korea[e]
Constanţa, Romania
Dalian, Liaoning, China[g]
Frankfurt, Germany[48]
Hamburg, Germany
Hanoi, Vietnam[e]
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam[e]
Lyon, France[49]
Manila, Philippines
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia[g]
Mumbai, Maharashrta, India
Oakland, California, United States[g]
Odessa, Ukraine
San Diego, Calfifornia, United States
Shanghai, China[b]
Taipei, Taiwan[e]
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada[50]
Yokosuka
Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima, Japan[b]
Brest, France
Corpus Christi, Texas, United States
Fremantle, Australia
Medway, England, United Kingdom

Chūbu[edit]

Niigata[edit]

Kamo
Ōshima, Tokyo, Japan
Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
Zibo, Shandong, China
Myōkō
Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia
Zermatt, Valais, Switzerland
Nagaoka
Bamberg, Germany[b]
Fort Worth, Texas, United States
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Romainmôtier-Envy, Switzerland
Trier, Germany
Niigata
Birobidzhan, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Russia
Galveston, Texas, United States
Harbin, Heilongjiang, China
Khabarovsk, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
Kingston upon Hull, United Kingdom
Nantes, France
Ulsan, South Korea
Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai, Russia

Toyama[edit]

Toyama (City)
Durham, North Carolina, United States
Mogi das Cruzes, São Paulo State, Brazil
Qinhuangdao, Hebei, China
Wellington, New South Wales, Australia
Toyama Prefecture
Liaoning Province, China[51]
Oregon, United States[52]
Primorsky Krai, Russia[51]

Ishikawa[edit]

Hakusan
Boston, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom
Columbia, Missouri, United States
Penrith, New South Wales, Australia
Kaga
Dundas, Ontario, Canada
Usolye-Sibirskoye, Russia
Kanazawa
Buffalo, New York, United States
Ghent, Belgium[53]
Irkutsk, Russia
Jeonju, South Korea
Nancy, France
Porto Alegre, Brazil
Suzhou, Jiangsu, China
Komatsu
Vilvoorde, Belgium
Nanao
Bratsk, Inkutsk Oblast, Russia
Gimcheon, North Gyeongsang, South Korea
Jinzhou, Dalian, China
Monterey, California, United States
Morgantown, Kentucky, United States
Nomi
Shelekhov, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia

Fukui[edit]

Echizen
Takayama, Gifu, Japan
Motosu, Gifu, Japan
Montevallo, Alabama, United States
Tsuruga
Donghae, Gangwon, South Korea
Taizhou, Zhejiang, China
Nakhodka, Russia

Yamanashi[edit]

Hokuto
Crowsnest Pass, Alberta, Canada[h]
Fukuroi, Shizuoka, Japan
Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Joetsu, Niigata, Japan
LeMars, Iowa, United States
Madison County, Kentucky, United States
Manciano, Tuscany, Italy
Nishitokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Pocheon, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
Kiyosato
Berea, Kentucky, United States[54]
Yamanashi Prefecture
Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea
Fairfield, California, United States
Iowa, United States
Minas Gerais, Brazil
Saône-et-Loire, France)
Sichuan Province, China

Nagano[edit]

Matsumoto[55]
Nagano (City)
Clearwater, Florida, United States
Nagano Prefecture
Changhua County, Taiwan
Hebei, China
Missouri, United States
Otari
Ottery St Mary, England, United Kingdom
Shiojiri
Itoigawa, Niigata, Japan
Minamiizu, Shizuoka, Japan
Mishawaka, Indiana, United States[58]
Tōmi
Madras, Oregon, United States

Gifu[edit]

Gifu
Florence, Italy
Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Meidling District, Vienna, Austria
Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada
Hida
Libin, Belgium

Shizuoka[edit]

Hamamatsu
Camas, Washington, United States
Chehalis, Washington, United States
Porterville, California, United States
Rochester, New York, United States
Warsaw, Poland[59]
Kakegawa
Corning, New York, United States
Eugene, Oregon, United States
Ōshū, Iwate, Japan
Nagaizumi
Aoki, Nagano, Japan
Wanganui, New Zealand
Shimada
Brienz, Switzerland
Himi, Toyama, Japan
Huzhou, Zhejiang, China
Richmond, California, United States
Shimoda
Newport, Rhode Island, United States
Numata, Gunma, Japan
Hagi, Yamaguchi, Japan
Shizuoka
Cannes, France
Huế, Vietnam[b]
Jōetsu, Niigata, Japan
Muroran, Hokkaidō, Japan
Omaha, Nebraska, United States
Saku, Nagano, Japan[b]
Shelbyville, Indiana, United States
Stockton, California, United States

Aichi[edit]

Anjō
Huntington Beach, California, United States
Hobsons Bay, Australia
Kolding, Denmark
Kariya
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
Kasugai
Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada
Komaki
Anyang, Gyeonggi, South Korea
Wyandotte, Michigan, United States
Nagakute
Waterloo, Belgium
Nagoya[60]
Los Angeles, California, United States
Mexico City, Mexico
Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
Sydney, Australia
Turin, Italy
Nishio
Echizen, Fukui, Japan
Ena, Gifu, Japan
Porirua, New Zealand
Okazaki
Hohhot, Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, China
Newport Beach, California, United States
Uddevalla, Sweden
Seto
Jingdezhen, Jiangxi, China
Limoges, France
Nabeul, Tunisia
Tahara
Dongjak-gu, Seoul, South Korea
Georgetown, Kentucky, United States
Kunshan, Jiangsu, China
Miyada, Nagano, Japan
Princeton, Indiana, United States
Toyohashi
Nantong, Jiangsu, China
Toledo, Ohio, United States[61]
Wolfsburg, Germany
Toyota
Detroit, Michigan, United States
Derby, England, United Kingdom

Kansai[edit]

Mie[edit]

Yokkaichi
Long Beach, California, United States
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia[g]
Tianjin, China

Shiga[edit]

Higashiōmi[62]
Hikone
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Xiangtan, Hunan, China
Kōka
Marshall, Michigan, United States
Sturgis, Michigan, United States[j][63]
Traverse City, Michigan, United States[k][64]
Konan
DeWitt, Michigan, United States[65]
Kusatsu
Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
Pontiac, Michigan, United States
Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Moriyama
Adrian, Michigan, United States
Ōmihachiman
Fujinomiya, Shizuoka, Japan
Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States
Leavenworth, Kansas, United States
Matsumae, Hokkaidō, Japan
Miryang, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
Ōtsu
Interlaken, Switzerland
Kumi, South Korea
Lansing, Michigan, United States[66]
Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang, China
Würzburg, Germany
RittŌ
Birmingham, Michigan, United States
Hengyang, Hunan, China
Ryūō
Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, United States
Shiga Prefecture[67]
Hunan, China
Michigan, United States
Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Takashima
Petoskey, Michigan, United States[l]
Yasu
Clinton Charter Township, Michigan, United States[68]

Kyoto[edit]

Jōyō
Gyeongsan, South Korea
Vancouver, Washington, United States
Kyoto (City)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Cologne, Germany
Florence, Italy
Guadalajara, Mexico
Huế, Vietnam[e]
Istanbul, Turkey[e]
Jinju, South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea[e]
Kiev, Ukraine
Konya, Turkey[e]
Paris, France[m]
Prague, Czech Republic
Qingdao, Shandong, China[e]
Valencia, Bukidnon, Philippines
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India[e]
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Zagreb, Croatia
Kyoto Prefecture
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom[69]
Jerusalem, Israel
Leningrad Oblast, Russia
Oklahoma, United States
Shaanxi, China
Tuscany, Italy
Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia[70]
Maizuru
Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
Dalian, Liaoning, China
Nakhodka, Primorsky Krai, Russia
Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom
Mukō
Saratoga, California, United States[71]
Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Uji
Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada
Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka
Xianyang, Shaanxi, China

Osaka[edit]

Izumi
Bloomington, Minnesota, United States
Kadoma
Eindhoven, Netherlands
Kami, Hyōgo, Japan
São José dos Campos, Brazil
Kashiwara
Grosseto, Italy
Kawachinagano
Carmel, Indiana, United States[72]
Moriguchi
Neyagawa
Osaka (City)
Budapest, Hungary[n]
Buenos Aires, Argentina[n]
Busan, South Korea[n]
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Hamburg, Germany
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Milan, Italy
Saint Petersburg, Russia
San Francisco, California, United States
São Paulo, Brazil[74]
Shanghai, China
Valparaíso, Chile
Osaka Prefecture[75]
California, United States
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
East Java, Indonesia
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Jiangsu, China
Lombardy, Italy
Primorsky Krai, Russia
Shanghai, China
Queensland, Australia
Val-d'Oise, France
Sakai
Berkeley, California, United States
Higashiyoshino, Nara, Japan
Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China
Tanegashima, Kagoshima, Japan
Wellington, New Zealand

Hyōgo[edit]

Akashi
Vallejo, United States[76]
Akō
Rockingham, Australia
Asago
Newberg, Oregon, United States
Perth, Ontario, Canada
Barbizon, France
Ashiya
Montebello, California, United States[77]
Goshiki, Sumoto
Kronstadt, St. Petersburg, Russia[78]
Himeji
Adelaide, Australia
Changwon, South Korea
Château de Chantilly, Chantilly, France[o]
Charleroi, Belgium
Curitiba, Brazil
Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan
Phoenix, Arizona, United States
Taiyuan, Shanxi, China
Tottori, Tottori, Japan
Hyōgo Prefecture
Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
Ichikawa
Port Townsend, Washington, United States
Itami
Hasselt, Belgium
Kakogawa
Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
Waitakere City, Auckland, New Zealand
Kawanishi
Bowling Green, Kentucky, United States
Sawara, Chiba, Japan
Kobe[79]
Barcelona, Spain
Brisbane, Australia
Daegu, South Korea[p]
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Haifa, Israel
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Incheon, South Korea
Marseille, France
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States[n]
Riga, Latvia[80]
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Rotterdam, Netherlands[g]
Seattle, Washington, United States[g]
Terni, Italy[n]
Tianjin, China[b]
Nishinomiya
Amami, Kagoshima, Japan[b]
Aquitaine, France[b]
Burlington, Vermont, United States[b]
District of Lot-et-Garonne and Agen, France[b]
Londrina, Paraná, Brazil[b]
Shaoxing, Zhejiang, China[b]
Spokane, Washington, United States
Yusuhara, Kochi, Japan[b]
Sanda
Blue Mountains, New South Wales, Australia
Jeju City, South Korea
Kittitas County, Washington, United States

Nara[edit]

Kawai
Majuro, Marshall Islands
Nara (City)
Canberra, Australia[81]
Gyeongju, South Korea
Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain
Versailles, France
Vladimir, Russia[q]
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China
Tenri
Bauru, Brazil
La Serena, Chile, Chile
Seosan, South Korea

Wakayama[edit]

Ito
Gillingham, Kent, United Kingdom
Medway, United Kingdom
Rieti, Lazio, Italy
Suwa, Nagano, Japan
Taiji
Broome, Western Australia, Australia[83]
Hakuba, Nagano, Japan
Wakayama (City)[84]
Bakersfield, California, United States
Jeju-do, South Korea
Jinan, Shandong, China
Richmond, British Columbia, Canada
Wakayama Prefecture[85]
Florida, United States
Galicia, Spain
Pyrénées-Orientales, France
Richmond, British Columbia, Canada
Shandong, China
Sinaloa, Mexico
Yuasa, Wakayama
Kerikeri, New Zealand

Chūgoku[edit]

Tottori[edit]

Daisen
Temecula, California, United States

Shimane[edit]

Izumo
Dun Laoghaire, Ireland[86]
Évian-les-Bains, France
Hanzhong, Shaanxi, China
Kalajoki, Finland
Santa Clara, California, United States[87]

Okayama[edit]

Kurashiki
Christchurch, New Zealand
Kansas City, Missouri, United States
Sankt Pölten, Austria
Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China
Okayama
Bucheon, South Korea
Hsinchu City, Taiwan
Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Luoyang, Henan, China
Plovdiv, Bulgaria
San Jose, California, United States
San José, Costa Rica, Costa Rica

Hiroshima[edit]

Hiroshima
Chongqing, China
Daegu, South Korea
Hanover, Germany[88]
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Volgograd, Russia[89]

Yamaguchi[edit]

Iwakuni
Everett, Washington, United States
Jundiaí, Brazil
Taicang, Jiangsu, China
Tottori, Tottori, Japan
Townsville, Australia
Shimonoseki
Busan, South Korea
Istanbul, Turkey
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Kikugawa, Shizuoka, Japan
Pittsburg, California, United States
Qingdao, Shandong, China
Santos (São Paulo), Brazil
Ube
Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
Weihai, Shandong, China
Yamaguchi
Gongju, South Korea
Jinan, Shandong, China
Pamplona, Spain
Zouping County, China

Shikoku[edit]

Tokushima[edit]

Tokushima
Dandong, Liaoning, China
Leiria, Portugal
Saginaw, Michigan, United States

Kagawa[edit]

Ehime[edit]

Ainan
Molinaseca, Spain[90]
Ikata
Red Wing, Minnesota, United States
Tomari, Hokkaidō, Japan
Imabari
Lakeland, Florida, United States
Panama City, Panama
Matsuyama
Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
Sacramento, California, United States
Pyeongtaek, South Korea

Kōchi[edit]

Kōchi, Kōchi
Fresno, California, United States
Kitami, Hokkaido, Japan
Surabaya, Indonesia[91]
Wuhu, Anhui, China

Kyushu[edit]

Fukuoka[edit]

Fukuoka[92]
Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Auckland, New Zealand
Bordeaux, France[93][94]
Busan, South Korea
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China[95]
Ipoh, Malaysia
Oakland, California, United States
Hakata-ku
Auckland, New Zealand
Kitakyushu[96]
Dalian, Liaoning, China
Incheon, South Korea
Minamikyushu, Kagoshima, Japan
Norfolk, Virginia, United States
Tacoma, Washington, United States
Maebaru
Escondido, California, United States

Saga[edit]

Saga (City)
Cussac-Fort-Médoc, France
Glens Falls, New York, United States
Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China
Limeira, São Paulo, Brazil
Warren County, New York, United States
Yeonje-gu, Busan, South Korea
Takeo
Sebastopol, California, United States[r]

Nagasaki[edit]

Nagasaki[97]
Fuzhou, Fujian, China
Hiroshima, Japan
Middelburg, Zeeland, Netherlands
Porto, Portugal
Saint Paul, United States[98]
Santos, São Paulo, Brazil
Vaux-sur-Aure, France
Sasebo[99]
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States
Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia
Kokonoe, Ōita, Japan
Paju, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
San Diego, California, United States
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Xiamen, Fujian, China

Kumamoto[edit]

Kumamoto
Billings, Montana, United States
Bristol, United Kingdom
Guilin, Guangxi Zhuang, China
Heidelberg, Germany
Missoula, Montana, United States
San Antonio, Texas, United States
Ulsan, South Korea
Tamana
Clarinda, Iowa, United States

Ōita[edit]

Beppu[100]
Atami, Shizuoka, Japan
Bath, United Kingdom[101][102]
Beaumont, Texas, United States
Jeju, South Korea
Mokpo, South Korea
Rotorua, New Zealand
Yantai, Shandong, China
Ōita
Austin, Texas, United States
Aveiro, Portugal
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
Vitória, Brazil
Wuhan, Hubei, China

Miyazaki[edit]

Ebino
Belton, Texas, United States
Miyazaki (City)
Boeun County, South Korea
Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States[103]
Waukegan, Illinois, United States
Nobeoka
Medford, Massachusetts, United States

Kagoshima[edit]

Ibusuki
Chitose, Hokkaido, Japan
Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia
Kagoshima[104]
Changsha, Hunan, China
Miami, Florida, United States
Naples, Italy
Perth, Australia
Tsuruoka, Yamagata, Japan
Naze
Nacogdoches, Texas, United States

Okinawa[edit]

Naha[105]
Fuzhou, Fujian, China
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan
Nichinan, Miyazaki, Japan
São Vicente, São Paulo, Brazil
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil[106][107]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Barrhead Town had a relationship with the former town of Tokoro. However Tokoro merged into Kitami city so the official status of the relationship is unknown.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Friendship city
  3. ^ Sister city of Niiharu which merged into Minakami in 2005
  4. ^ Originally with Box Hill, Victoria which was amalgamated into Whitehorse in 1994
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l A partnership agreement
  6. ^ Friendship port
  7. ^ a b c d e f Sister port
  8. ^ Unratified
  9. ^ With Azumi, Nagano, which merged with Matsumoto in 2005
  10. ^ With Shigaraki, merged into Kōka in 2004
  11. ^ With Tsuchiyama, merged into Kōka in 2004
  12. ^ With Makino, merged into Takashima in 2005
  13. ^ Friendship pledge city
  14. ^ a b c d e Friendship and cooperation city
  15. ^ Sister castle to Himeji Castle
  16. ^ Cooperation city
  17. ^ Vladimir, Russia recognizes Nara as one of its sister cities, while Nara does not.[82]
  18. ^ With Yamauchi, which merged into Takeo in 2006

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