List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan

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This is a list of places in Japan having standing links to local communities in other countries. In most cases, the association, especially when formalised by local government, is known as "town twinning" (though other terms, such as "partner towns" or "sister cities" are sometimes used as well), and while most of the places included are towns, the list also includes villages, cities, districts, and counties with similar links.

The list is arranged by traditional region and then by prefecture. See also the lists of twin towns and sister cities.

Hokkaido[edit]

Asahikawa
United States Bloomington-Normal, Illinois, United States[1]
Chitose
Hakodate
Russia Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai, Russia[2]
Hokkaido[3]
Canada Alberta, Canada
South Korea Busan, South Korea
South Korea Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
China Heilongjiang, China
United States Massachusetts, United States[4]
Russia Sakhalin Oblast, Russia
South Korea Seoul, South Korea[5]
Ishikari
Kitami
United States Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States[6]
Kushiro City
Memuro
Monbetsu
Muroran
United States Knoxville, Tennessee, United States[7]
Nayoro
Nemuro
Otaru
Rumoi
Russia Ulan Ude, Republic of Buryatia, Russia[8]
Sapporo[9][10]
South Korea Daejeon, South Korea
Germany Munich, Germany
Russia Novosibirsk, Russia
United States Portland, Oregon, United States
China Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Saroma
Shinhidaka
United States Lexington, Kentucky, United States[11]
Takikawa
Teshio
Tōbetsu
Tomakomai
Wakkanai

Tōhoku[edit]

Aomori[edit]

Hachinohe
United States Federal Way, Washington, United States[12]
Misawa
Sannohe

Iwate[edit]

Hanamaki
Morioka, Iwate
Iwaizumi
United States Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, United States[13]
Kanegasaki
Miyako
Ōshū
Ōtsuchi
United States Fort Bragg, California, United States[14]

Miyagi[edit]

Kakuda
Misato
Miyagi Prefecture
United States Delaware, United States[15]
Sendai
United States Dallas, Texas, United States[a][16]
South Korea Gwangju, South Korea[17][dead link]
Belarus Minsk, Belarus[18][dead link]
Finland Oulu, Finland[19]
Taiwan Tainan, Taiwan[20][dead link]
Tome

Akita[edit]

Akita

Yamagata[edit]

Murayama
Russia Yakutsk, Sakha Republic, Russia[21]
Sakata
Yamagata[22]

Fukushima[edit]

Aizuwakamatsu
Iwaki
Koori
Koriyama
Miharu
Shirakawa

Kantō[edit]

Ibaraki[edit]

Mito
Moriya
Toride
Tsuchiura
United States Palo Alto, California, United States[24]
Tsukuba
United States Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States[25][26]
China Shenzhen, Guangdong, China[27][dead link]
Yūki

Tochigi[edit]

Moka
Nasukarasuyama
United States Menomonie, Wisconsin, United States[28]
Nikkō
United States Rapid City, South Dakota, United States[29]
Sano
Utsunomiya

Gunma[edit]

Isesaki
Minakami
United States Canyon, Texas, United States[30]
United States Huntsville, Texas, United States[b][31]
Ōta
Hanyū
Higashimatsuyama
Netherlands Nijmegen, Netherlands[32]
Kasukabe
Kawagoe
Kumagaya
New Zealand Invercargill, New Zealand[33]
Niiza
Ogano
Saitama[34]
Sugito
Tokorozawa

Chiba[edit]

Chiba (City)
United States Houston, Texas, United States[35]
Chiba Prefecture
United States Wisconsin, United States[36]
Chikura, Minamibōsō
Funabashi
Ichihara
Ichikawa
Isumi
Kashiwa
Matsudo
Miyoshi, Minamibōsō
Narita
Sodegaura
Brazil Itajaí, Brazil[37][dead link]
Tateyama
United States Bellingham, Washington, United States[38]
Australia Port Stephens, New South Wales, Australia[39]
Yachiyo

Tokyo[edit]

Adachi-ku
Australia Belmont, Australia[40]
Edogawa
Higashimurayama[41]
United States Independence, Missouri, United States
Japan Kashiwazaki, Niigata, Japan
China Suzhou, Jiangsu, China
Kōtō
Setagaya
Shinagawa[42]
New Zealand Auckland, New Zealand[a]
China Harbin, Heilongjiang, China
Japan Hayakawa, Yamanashi, Japan
United States Portland, Maine, United States
Shinjuku
Tokyo[43]
United States New York City, New York, United States (1960)
China Beijing, China (1979)
Australia New South Wales, Australia (1984)
South Korea Seoul, South Korea (1988)
Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia (1989)
Brazil São Paulo State, Brazil (1990)
Egypt Cairo, Egypt (1990)
Russia Moscow, Russia (1991)
Germany Berlin, Germany (1994)
Italy Rome, Italy (1996)
United Kingdom London, England, United Kingdom (2015)

Kanagawa[edit]

Atsugi
Hadano
Kamakura
United States Nashville, Tennessee, Tennessee, United States[44]
France Nice, France[45]
Japan Ueda, Nagano, Japan
Kanagawa Prefecture[46]
Germany Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Australia City of Gold Coast, Australia
South Korea Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
China Liaoning Province, China
United States Maryland, United States
Ukraine Odessa Oblast, Ukraine
Malaysia Penang, Malaysia
Sweden Västra Götaland County, Sweden
Kawasaki
Yokohama[47][48]
China Beijing, China[c]
South Korea Busan, South Korea[c]
Romania Constanţa, Romania
China Dalian, Liaoning, China[d]
Germany Frankfurt, Germany[49]
Germany Hamburg, Germany
Vietnam Hanoi, Vietnam[c]
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam[c]
France Lyon, France[50]
Philippines Manila, Philippines
Australia Melbourne, Victoria, Australia[d]
India Mumbai, Maharashrta, India
United States Oakland, California, United States[d]
Ukraine Odessa, Ukraine
United States San Diego, Calfifornia, United States
China Shanghai, China[a]
Taiwan Taipei, Taiwan[c]
Canada Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada[51]
Malaysia Seberang Perai, Penang, Malaysia[52]
Yokosuka

Chūbu[edit]

Niigata[edit]

Kamo
Myōkō
Nagaoka
Niigata

Toyama[edit]

Kurobe
Takaoka
Tonami
Toyama (City)
Toyama Prefecture
China Liaoning Province, China[53]
United States Oregon, United States[54]
Russia Primorsky Krai, Russia[53]
Uozu

Ishikawa[edit]

Hakusan
Kaga
Kanazawa
Belgium Ghent, Belgium[55]
Komatsu
Nanao
Nomi

Fukui[edit]

Echizen
Tsuruga

Yamanashi[edit]

Hokuto
Kiyosato
United States Berea, Kentucky, United States[56]
Yamanashi Prefecture

Nagano[edit]

Matsumoto[57]
Nagano (City)
Nagano Prefecture
Otari
Shiojiri
United States Mishawaka, Indiana, United States[60]
Tōmi

Gifu[edit]

Gifu
Hida

Shizuoka[edit]

Atami
Fuji
Gotenba
Hamamatsu
Poland Warsaw, Poland[61]
Kakegawa
Mishima
Nagaizumi
Numazu
Shimada
Shimoda
Shizuoka

Aichi[edit]

Anjō
Kariya
Kasugai
Komaki
Nagakute
Nagoya[62]
United States Los Angeles, California, United States
Mexico Mexico City, Mexico
China Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
Australia Sydney, Australia
Italy Turin, Italy
Nishio
Okazaki
Seto
Tahara
Toyohashi
United States Toledo, Ohio, United States[63]
Toyota

Kansai[edit]

Mie[edit]

Yokkaichi

Shiga[edit]

Higashiōmi[64]
Hikone
Kōka
Konan
United States DeWitt, Michigan, United States[67]
Kusatsu
Moriyama
Ōmihachiman
Ōtsu
United States Lansing, Michigan, United States[68]
RittŌ
Ryūō
Shiga Prefecture[69]
China Hunan, China
United States Michigan, United States
Brazil Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Takashima
Yasu
United States Clinton Charter Township, Michigan, United States[70]

Kyoto[edit]

Jōyō
Kyoto (City)
Kyoto Prefecture
United Kingdom Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom[71]
Indonesia Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia[72]
Maizuru
Mukō
United States Saratoga, California, United States[73]
China Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Uji

Osaka[edit]

Izumi
Kadoma
Kashiwara
Kawachinagano
United States Carmel, Indiana, United States[74]
Moriguchi
Neyagawa
Osaka (City)
Brazil São Paulo, Brazil[76]
United States San Francisco, United States (until 2017)[77]
Osaka Prefecture[78]
Sakai
Suita

Hyōgo[edit]

Akashi
United States Vallejo, California, United States[79]
Akō
Asago
Ashiya
United States Montebello, California, United States[80]
Goshiki, Sumoto
Russia Kronstadt, St. Petersburg, Russia[81]
Himeji
Hyōgo Prefecture
Ichikawa
Itami
Kakogawa
Kawanishi
Kobe[82]
Spain Barcelona, Spain
Australia Brisbane, Australia
South Korea Daegu, South Korea[h]
Pakistan Faisalabad, Pakistan
Israel Haifa, Israel
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
South Korea Incheon, South Korea
France Marseille, France
United States Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States[i]
Latvia Riga, Latvia[83]
Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Netherlands Rotterdam, Netherlands[d]
United States Seattle, Washington, United States[d]
Italy Terni, Italy[i]
China Tianjin, China[a]
Nishinomiya
Sanda
Sasayama

United States Walla Walla, Washington, United States[84][85]

Nara[edit]

Kawai
Nara (City)
Australia Canberra, Australia[86]
Russia Vladimir, Russia[j]
Tenri

Wakayama[edit]

Ito
Taiji
Australia Broome, Western Australia, Australia[88]
Wakayama (City)[89]
United States Bakersfield, California, United States
South Korea Jeju-do, South Korea
China Jinan, Shandong, China
Canada Richmond, British Columbia, Canada
Wakayama Prefecture[90][better source needed]
United States Florida, United States
Spain Galicia, Spain
France Pyrénées-Orientales, France
Canada Richmond, British Columbia, Canada
China Shandong, China
Mexico Sinaloa, Mexico
Yuasa, Wakayama

Chūgoku[edit]

Tottori[edit]

Daisen
Sakaiminato
North Korea Wonsan, North Korea[91]

Shimane[edit]

Izumo

Okayama[edit]

Kurashiki
Ōhara
France Gleizé, France[94]
Okayama

Hiroshima[edit]

Fukuyama
Higashihiroshima
Hiroshima
Germany Hanover, Germany[95]
Russia Volgograd, Russia[96]
Kure
Onomichi

Yamaguchi[edit]

Iwakuni
Shimonoseki
Ube
Yamaguchi

Shikoku[edit]

Tokushima[edit]

Tokushima

Kagawa[edit]

Ehime[edit]

Ainan
Spain Molinaseca, Spain[97]
Ikata
Imabari
Matsuyama

Kōchi[edit]

Kōchi, Kōchi
Indonesia Surabaya, Indonesia[98]

Kyushu[edit]

Fukuoka[edit]

Fukuoka[99][better source needed]
United States Atlanta, Georgia, United States
New Zealand Auckland, New Zealand
France Bordeaux, France[100][101]
South Korea Busan, South Korea
China Guangzhou, Guangdong, China[102]
Malaysia Ipoh, Malaysia
United States Oakland, California, United States
Hakata-ku
Kitakyushu[103][better source needed]
China Dalian, Liaoning, China
South Korea Incheon, South Korea
Japan Minamikyushu, Kagoshima, Japan
United States Norfolk, Virginia, United States
United States Tacoma, Washington, United States
Maebaru

Saga[edit]

Saga (City)
Takeo

Nagasaki[edit]

Nagasaki[104]
China Fuzhou, Fujian, China
Japan Hiroshima, Japan
Netherlands Middelburg, Zeeland, Netherlands
Portugal Porto, Portugal
United States Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States[105]
Brazil Santos, São Paulo, Brazil
France Vaux-sur-Aure, France
Sasebo[106]
United States Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States
Australia Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia
Japan Kokonoe, Ōita, Japan
South Korea Paju, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
United States San Diego, California, United States
China Shenyang, Liaoning, China
China Xiamen, Fujian, China

Kumamoto[edit]

Kumamoto
Tamana

Ōita[edit]

Beppu[107]
Japan Atami, Shizuoka, Japan
United Kingdom Bath, England, United Kingdom[108][109]
Ōita

Miyazaki[edit]

Ebino
Miyazaki (City)
United States Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States[110]
Nobeoka

Kagoshima[edit]

Ibusuki
Kagoshima[111][better source needed]
China Changsha, Hunan, China
United States Miami, Florida, United States
Italy Naples, Italy
Australia Perth, Australia
Japan Tsuruoka, Yamagata, Japan
Naze
Ōsaki
Indonesia Depok, West Java, Indonesia[112]

Okinawa[edit]

Naha[113]
China Fuzhou, Fujian, China
United States Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Japan Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan
Japan Nichinan, Miyazaki, Japan
Brazil São Vicente, São Paulo, Brazil
Brazil São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil[76][114]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Friendship city
  2. ^ Sister city of Niiharu which merged into Minakami in 2005
  3. ^ a b c d e Partner city
  4. ^ a b c d e Sister port
  5. ^ With Azumi, Nagano, which merged with Matsumoto in 2005
  6. ^ With Shigaraki, merged into Kōka in 2004
  7. ^ With Tsuchiyama, merged into Kōka in 2004
  8. ^ Cooperation city
  9. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference friend_coop was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ Vladimir, Russia recognizes Nara as one of its sister cities, while Nara does not.[87]

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