Index of religious honorifics and titles: Difference between revisions

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This is a '''list of types of spiritual teachers'''. There are a variety of titles for teachers in religious traditions around the world.
 
This is a '''list of types of spiritual teachers'''. There are a variety of titles for teachers in religious traditions around the world.
   

Revision as of 16:45, 4 March 2010

This is a list of types of spiritual teachers. There are a variety of titles for teachers in religious traditions around the world.

About

In Hinduism the spiritual teacher is known as a guru. Traditionally, a spiritual seeker would revere his or her guru highly, and demonstrate utmost submission and humility through menial service in order to prove worthy to be a recipient of the knowledge the guru has attained by initiation practices. There are many sayings on the teacher like "Guru devo bhava" (Guru is God), which reflects of the esteem associated with a guru's role.

In the Latter Day Saint movement the teacher is an office in the Aaronic priesthood, while in Tibetan Buddhism the teachers of Dharma in Tibet are most commonly called a Lama. A Lama who has through phowa and siddhi consciously determined to be reborn, often many times, in order to continue their Bodhisattva vow is called a Tulku.

There are many concepts of teachers in Islam, ranging from mullahs (the teachers at madrassas) to ulemas.

List

Spiritual teachers
Role Religion Description
Teacher Latter Day Saint movement An office in the Aaronic priesthood.
Lama Tibetan Buddhism The teachers of Dharma in Tibet.
Tulku Tibetan Buddhism A Lama who has through phowa and siddhi who has consciously determined to be reborn, often many times, in order to continue their Bodhisattva vow.
Marja Shi'a Islam The name means source to follow.
Allamah Sunni Islam The most respected of the Marjas are entitled Allamah; a Persian name for Teacher is also used by some to denote a teacher of extraordinary respect.
Ulema/Ulama Islam The title that indicates that the teacher has come to awareness of the consensus, the ijma, of the Umma. Umma is the universal community of all the children of God. (cf. Sangha, Ecclesia)
Mufti Islam A guide on the Path to the Source of living Water (the divine sharia law) is called Mufti.
Muhaddith Islam Someone who has profound knowledge of the Haddith, and teaches by Narration, or storytelling.
Mullah Islam The title of the teachers at the Madrasahs, Islamic schools. Mullah is a teacher in regard of being respected as a vicar and guardian of Qur'an and the Islamic traditions.
Imam Shi'a Islam The Imam is appointed by God, and Muhammed was informed that the number of Imams after him will be 12.
Mahdi Islam The 12th Imam will come either as a first time appearance or as a reappearance after a long occultation. The Mahdi is the greatest teacher, the Messiah of the Islamic World, and the Maitreya of Buddhism.
Mawlawi Islam A Persian word for teacher meaning Master.
Sheikh An Arabic honorific term that literally means Elder. It is a long historic debate in many cultures whether the elder in itself denotes the role and status of a teacher.
Ayatollah Shi'a Islam A high ranking title given to clerics.
Mujaddid Islam Someone sent by God to aid the Umma and revive Islam at the beginning of every century .
Marabout Islam A spiritual teacher of Islam as it is taught in the West Africa and Maghreb, The word comes from the Berber concept of Saint. The "marabout" is known as "Sayyed" (سيد) to the Arabic speaking Maghribians.
Rabbi Judaism Literally means ‘great one’. The word Rabbi is derived from the Hebrew root word רַב, rav, which in biblical Hebrew means ‘great’ or ‘distinguished (in knowledge)’.
Guru Hinduism Originally referring in Sanskrit to Brihaspati, a Hindu divine figure, today the term is commonly used in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism, as well as in many new religious movements.

See also