List of ukiyo-e terms

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This is a list of terms frequently encountered in the description of ukiyo-e style Japanese woodblock prints and paintings. For a list of print sizes see below.

  • Aizuri-e; blue picture
  • Aka-e; red picture
  • Aratame, "examined"; character found in many censor seals
  • Baren; a tool used to rub the back of a sheet of paper to pick up ink from the block
  • Benizuri-e; "crimson picture" primitive ukiyo-e style prints usually printed in pink and green
  • Bijin-ga; pictures of beautiful women
  • Bokashi (printing); technique of applying a gradation of ink to a moistened block to vary lightness and darkness (value) of a single color
  • Censor seal; from 1790 until 1876 all woodblock prints had to be examined by official censors, and marked with their seals
  • Chūban; a print size about 7 by 10 inches (18 by 25 cm)
  • Chūtanzaku; a print size about 14 by 5 inches (36 by 13 cm)
  • Edo period; dating from 1603 to 1868, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate
  • E-hon; picture book
  • Fudezaishiki; colouring with a paintbrush
  • Furikake; sprinkling of powdered minerals or metals
  • Gafu; album
  • Ganso, "founder"; prefix to indicate the publisher
  • Geisha; a common subject
  • Hanga; a print
  • Hanmoto; publisher
  • Hashira-e; "pillar print", about 28 by 4.5 inches (73 by 13 cm)
  • Horishi; carver of woodblocks
  • Hosoban; a print size about 13 by 5 inches (33 by 14.5 cm)
  • Iro-ban; colour block
  • Jōge-e
  • Ise
  • Ishizuri-e; a print that mimics a stone rubbing, with uninked images or text on a dark, usually black, background
  • Ita-bokashi, "block shading"; a technique for producing gradation achieved by sanding or abrading the edges of the carving
  • Kakemono-e; an ōban diptych arranged one above the other (also a hanging scroll painting)
  • Kachō-ga; paintings of flowers and birds
  • Kakihan; artist's tag, used on prints with (or instead of) a signature
  • Kamigata; region of Japan referring to the cities of Kyoto and Osaka
  • Kappazuri; prints of a single color (usually black) colored by stenciling. Prints produced entirely by stenciling, without woodblocks, are also called kappazuri.
  • Karazuri; dry printing, embossing
  • Kasure-bori, "scratch carving"; style of carving imitating dry brushstrokes
  • Kisokaidō; one of the Five Routes of the Edo period
  • Kiwame, "approved"; character found in many censor seals
  • Kojita-e; a rough sketch
  • Mameban; a print size about 4.75 by 3.2 inches (12 by 8 cm), sometimes called a "toy print"
  • Mount Fuji; the highest mountain in Japan, a common subject
  • Musha-e; warrior print
  • Namazu-e
  • Nikuhitsu-ga; a painting in the ukiyo-e style
  • Nishiki-e; multi-coloured woodblock printing
  • Ōban; a print size about 15½ by 10½ inches (39 by 26.5 cm)
  • Ōkubi-e; portrait prints, busts
  • Schools
  • Senso-e; prints depicting the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese Wars
  • Shin-hanga, "New Prints"; 20th century ukiyo-e print revival
  • Shita-e; final preparatory drawing pasted onto the block for printing
  • Shikishiban; a print size about 8 by 7 inches (21 by 18 cm) often used for surimono
  • Shomen-zuri, "front-printing"; a polishing technique sometimes used to create a shiny surface on black areas in prints
  • Shunga, "Spring image"; erotic-themed art
  • Surimono; privately commissioned prints for special occasions such as the New Year
  • Surishi; printer
  • Tate-e; a print in vertical or "portrait" format
  • Tenpō reforms
  • Tōkaidō, the most important of the Five Routes of the Edo period,
  • Uchiwa-e; prints on paddle-shaped hand fans (uchiwa)
  • Uki-e, "floating picture"; a picture using Western perspective
  • Ukiyo, "Floating World"; culture of Edo-period Japan (1600–1867)
  • Urushi-e; paintings painted with lacquer, and a printing style using ink that resembles the darkness and thickness of black lacquer
  • Waka; Japanese poetry
  • Washi; traditional Japanese paper
  • Yakusha-e; actor prints
  • Yoko-e; a print in horizontal or "landscape" format
  • Yokohama-e; prints depicting foreigners and scenes of Yokohama.

Print sizes[edit]

The Japanese terms for vertical (portrait) and horizontal (landscape) formats for images are tate-e (立て絵) and yoko-e (横絵), respectively. Following are common Tokugawa-period print sizes. Sizes varied depending on the period, and those given are approximate; they are based on the pre-printing paper sizes, and paper was often trimmed after printing.

Print sizes
name trans. cm (in)
aiban (合判?) intermediate 34 × 22.5 (13.4 × 8.9)
bai-ōban (倍大判?) intermediate 45.7 × 34.5 (18.0 × 13.6)
chūban (中判?) medium 26 × 19 (10.2 × 7.5)
hashira-e (柱絵?) pillar print 73 × 12 (28.7 × 4.7)
hosoban (細判?)
or hoso-e (細絵?)[1]
narrow 33 × 14.5 (13.0 × 5.7)
39 × 17 (15.4 × 6.7)
kakemono-e (掛物絵?) hanging scroll 76.5 × 23 (30.1 × 9.1)
nagaban (長判?) long 50 × 20 (19.7 × 7.9)
ōban (大判?) large 38 × 25.5 (15.0 × 10.0)
58 × 32 (23 × 13)
ō-tanzaku (大短冊判?) large poem card 38 × 17 (15.0 × 6.7)
chū-tanzaku (中短冊判?) medium poem card 38 × 13 (15.0 × 5.1)
surimono (刷物?) 35 × 20 (13.8 × 7.9)
12 × 9 (4.7 × 3.5) –
19 × 13 (7.5 × 5.1)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Harris 2011, p. 31.