List of unarmed African Americans killed by law enforcement officers in the United States

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A protester with a sign including names of unarmed African Americans killed by police

This is a list of African Americans who were killed by police while unarmed.

Before 2000[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
March 25, 1938 Berry Lawson 21 Seattle, Washington Three officers beat Lawson to death after removing him from the hotel he worked at. The officers claimed Lawson fell down the stairs and attempted to bribe a witness, but all three were tried and convicted of manslaughter.[1]
July 26, 1941 Harrison Ware 49 Kansas City, Missouri White officers Charles LaBaugh and Dewey Ellis shot and killed Ware at a club before stealing money from his pockets. LaBaugh and Ellis were indicted on second-degree murder charges but were found not guilty in 1942.[2]
January 29, 1943 Robert "Bobby" Hall Unknown Baker County, Georgia Sheriff Claude Screws beat Hall to death after he allegedly stole a tire. Screws was convicted of violating Hall's civil rights but it was overturned by the United States Supreme Court.
February 2, 1958 Daniel Bell 22 Milwaukee, Wisconsin Bell fled a traffic stop because he had no license. Officer Thomas Grady shot him and planted a knife on the scene, claiming Bell had lunged at him. Two decades later, the other officer on scene admitted that Grady planted the weapon, and he was convicted of reckless homicide and perjury in 1979.[3]
April 9, 1962 Roman Ducksworth Jr. 30 Taylorsville, Mississippi Ducksworth, a military police officer, was shot and killed by Taylorsville Police Officer William Kelly after he fell asleep on a bus to get to the hospital as his child was born.[4]
September 15, 1963 Johnny Robinson 16 Birmingham, Alabama During unrest over the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, Robinson and several others threw rocks at a car draped with the Confederate Flag. Officer Jack Parker shot Robinson but claimed that he had only fired a warning shot. Two juries chose not to indict Parker for the shooting.[5]
February 26, 1965 Jimmie Lee Jackson 26 Marion, Alabama During a peaceful voting rights rally, Alabama State Trooper James Bonard Fowler shot Jackson after another threw him against a cigarette machine. Fowler was not named as the shooter until 2005, and he pled guilty to manslaughter in 2010, serving six months in prison.[6]
May 7, 1966 Leonard Deadwyler 25 Los Angeles, California Deadwyler was speeding as he drove to the hospital with his wife, who was in labor. An officer shot Deadwyler, claiming the vehicle had lurched forward. A coroner's jury later ruled the shooting an accidental homicide.
September 27, 1966 Matthew Johnson 16 San Francisco, California Patrolman Alvin Johnson (no relation) shot Matthew as he ran away. The shooting sparked riots in the Hunters Point neighborhood.
February 8, 1968 Samuel Ephesians Hammond Jr. 18 Orangeburg, South Carolina South Carolina Highway Patrol officers shot at a group of protesters at South Carolina State University, killing three.
Delano Herman Middleton 17
Henry Ezekial Smith 19
March 9, 1968 William Leonard 19 Los Angeles, California Police responded to reports of a man threatening to kill his wife. Officer Larry N. Fultz went to question the wife when he shot Leonard through a window. Leonard, who babysit for the family, was standing with his arms raised facing away from the window when he was shot.[7]
March 28, 1968 Larry Payne 18 Memphis, Tennessee During a sanitation strike Officer Leslie Dean Jones shot Payne in the stomach with a sawed-off shotgun. Jones claimed Payne had a butcher's knife but witnesses disputed this.[8]
June 24, 1969 Vivian Strong 14 Omaha, Nebraska Officer James Loder shot into a group of teenagers running away, striking Vivian Strong. Loder was tried for manslaughter but was found not guilty by an all-White jury.
May 15, 1970 Phillip Lafayette Gibbs 21 Jackson, Mississippi Officers from the Jackson Police Department and the Mississippi Highway Patrol opened fire on student protesters at Jackson State College (now Jackson State University), killing two of them.
James Earl Green 17
June 20, 1970 Jerry Lee Amie 24 Los Angeles, California Police responded to reports of a man with a gun and shot Amie. Police stated Amie reached towards his waistband and had a toy gun on his person, while family stated his hands were raised and the toy gun was planted closer to the scene.[9]
April 28, 1973 Clifford Glover 10 New York City, New York Two undercover officers approached Glover and his stepfather, believing they had committed a robbery. Believing they were about to be robbed, Glover and his stepfather ran, and police shot Glover. Officers stated they believed Glover had a gun he passed to his stepfather, but no weapon was recovered.[10]
December 2, 1975 Bernard Whitehurst 32 Montgomery, Alabama Officer Donald Foster shot Whitehurst in the back while investigating a robbery. Police covered the shooting up by planting a gun and claiming Whitehurst had fired at them, but an investigation by the Montgomery Advertiser found he was unarmed.[11]
December 17, 1979 Arthur McDuffie 33 Miami, Florida McDuffie died after he was beaten by four officers during a traffic stop. The medical examiner concluded that McDuffie's injuries were not consistent with a motorcycle crash, but closer to being beaten.
April 20, 1985 Lloyd D. Stevenson 31 Portland, Oregon Stevenson walked into a 7-Eleven and found two White clerks trying to stop a Black suspected shoplifter from leaving. A fight broke out and Stevenson attempted to break it up. When officers arrived, Officer Gary Barbour put Stevenson in a sleeper hold, leading to Stevenson losing consciousness and dying. An all-white six person jury decided a verdict of criminally negligent homicide, but a grand jury declined to indict the officers.[12]
January 16, 1989 Clement Lloyd 23 Miami, Florida Officer William Lozano shot and killed Lloyd as he fled police on a motorcycle. The crash also killed Blanchard, Lloyd's passenger. Lozano was convicted of manslaughter but the verdict was overturned and Lozano was aquitted.[13]
Allan Blanchard 24
July 9, 1990 Leonard Bennett 25 Indianapolis, Indiana Following a robbery at a restaurant police pursued Bennett. When the pursuit ended Officer Scott Haslar shot Bennett five times. Bennett was unarmed when he was shot.[14]
July 12, 1991 Christopher Rogers 16 Boston, Massachusetts Officer James E. "Sonny" Hall shot and killed Rogers as he hid under a truck in the Dorchester neighborhood. Hall, a Black officer who claimed he shot Rogers after losing his balance, was convicted of manslaughter in 1992 and sentenced to five to ten and a half years in prison.[15]
April 30, 1992 Brian Edmund Andrew 30 Compton, California During the 1992 Los Angeles riots a Compton Police officer shot Andrew during a fight in an alley after Andrew was seen running with a beer bottle and a pair of shoes.[16]
May 1, 1992 Charles William Orebo 21 Los Angeles, California While driving to a home Orebo cut off an LAPD officer commuting to work. As the officer pulled up next to Orebo his passenger pointed a gun at the officer, who shot and killed Orebo. Orebo himself was unarmed.[16]
May 1, 1992 Howard Eugene Martin 22 Pasadena, California Police attempted to disperse a party when gunshots were fired. Police returned fire and one of the shots ricocheted off of the pavement, striking Martin, an uninvolved bystander watching from his friend's balcony.[16]
November 5, 1992 Malice Green 35 Detroit, Michigan Officers Walter Budzyn and Larry Nevers repeatedly struck Green with a flashlight, leading to his death. Budzyn and Nevers were convicted of guilty of second-degree murder, another officer was acquitted of assault, and a fourth had charges dropped.[17]
April 15, 1993 Paul Monroe 23 Austin, Texas Officer Steven Deaton shot Monroe in the abdomen as he got on the ground after dropping a bag.[18]
July 30, 1993 Don Myrick 53 Los Angeles, California During a narcotics investigation Officer Gary Barbaro shot musician Don Myrick after mistaking a butane lighter for a gun.[19]
July 4, 1996 Nathaniel Levi Gaines 25 New York City, New York Officer Paolo Colecchia shot Gaines in the back at a subway station. Colecchia admitted he was not in fear of his life when he fired and was later convicted in his death.[20]
October 12, 1995 Jonny Gammage 31 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Gammage was pulled over by a Brentwood Police officer and a struggle ensued. Several more officers arrived from Brentwood and Baldwin, and Gammage died during the struggle. Gammage's death was ruled a homicide due to asphyxiation due to pressure applied on the chest and neck. Officers Milton Mullholland, Michael Albert, and John Vojtas were tried for manslaughter, but none were convicted.[21]
December 29, 1998 Franklyn Reid 27 New Milford, Connecticut Following a chase officer Scott B. Smith stepped on Reid's back and shot him as he laid on the ground with his hands behind his back. Reid was unarmed but there was a pocket knife in his jacket, found nearby. Smith pled no contest to a charge of criminally negligent homicide.[22]
February 4, 1999 Amadou Diallo 23 New York City, New York Amadou Diallo was a Guinean student who was shot 41 times[23] by four NYPD plainclothes officers in the vestibule of his apartment on February 4, 1999. The four officers were charged with second-degree murder, but were acquitted of all charges by a jury after just three days of deliberation.[24]
April 13, 1999 Aquan Salmon 14 Hartford, Connecticut Officer Robert Allan shot Salmon as he and three other young people suspected of a robbery fled. No gun was found, but two gun-shaped cigarette lighters were recovered.[25]
June 4, 1999 LaTanya Haggerty 26 Chicago, Illinois Haggerty was shot and killed after Officer Serena Daniels mistook an object in her right hand for a gun. Haggerty had a cell phone in her left hand, but witnesses say they didn't see her holding anything in her right hand.[26]
July 24, 1999 Demetrius DuBose 28 San Diego, California Officers Timothy Keating and Robert Wills shot and killed NFL linebacker Demetrius DuBose after he accidentally walked into the house next to the vacation rental he was staying at. DuBose was shot 12 times, including five times in the back. A federal jury ruled that the two officers acted reasonably.[27]
September 20, 1999 Antonio Butler 19 Miami, Florida Officer Juan Mendez shot and killed Butler. Mendez stated he believed Butler was reaching for a gun, but he was unarmed. Mendez was involved in six previous shootings, killing three other people.[28]

2000-2009[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
March 1, 2000 Malcolm Ferguson 23 New York City, New York Officer Louis Rivera shot and killed Ferguson during a struggle. Rivera was cleared of criminal wrongdoing.[29]
March 16, 2000 Patrick Dorismond 26 New York City, New York Patrick Dorismond was a security guard who was shot by two undercover police officers who had approached Dorismond asking him where they could purchase marijuana. In an ensuing scuffle, Dorismond was fatally shot.[30][31] A grand jury declined to indict Officer Vasquez in the death of Dorismond, announcing that they had found the shooting to be accidental. On March 12, 2003, the City of New York agreed to pay the Dorismond family a settlement of $2.25 million.[32]
July 19, 2000 George Bibins 35 Omaha, Nebraska Police chased Bibins after he was suspected of stealing a car. After the vehicle crashed, Officer Jared Kruse jumped out of his vehicle and shot Bibins as he was still in the car. Kruse was charged with manslaughter but the charges were dropped.[33][34]
September 1, 2000 Prince Jones 25 Fairfax County, Virginia Undercover Officer Carlton Jones (no relation) followed Prince and displayed his gun, saying he was police, although he did not display his badge. Carlton claimed that he shot Prince after he drove his car towards Carlton, but witnesses disputed this.[35]
October 28, 2000 Anthony Lee 39 Los Angeles, California During a costume party an officer shot actor Anthony Lee after mistaking his rubber gun for a real weapon.[36]
November 7, 2000 Roger Owensby Jr. 29 Cincinnati, Ohio Police tackled Owensby after he fled a chase, holding him to the ground and placing him in a police vehicle, where he died. An autopsy stated that Owensby died either from a chokehold or from the officers on top of him. Officers Robert 'Blaine' Jorg and Officer Patrick Caton were indicted on manslaughter and misdemeanor assault, but Caton was found not guilty while Jorg's trial ended in a mistrial, which the prosecutor chose not to retry.[37]
April 7, 2001 Timothy Thomas 19 Cincinnati, Ohio Police attempted to arrest Thomas for 14 nonviolent misdemeanors, causing a pursuit. Officer Stephen Roach shot Thomas as he rounded a corner in an alley. Roach stated that he believed Thomas was reaching for a weapon, but an investigation determined he was actually pulling up his pants. Roach was tried for negligent homicide but was found not guilty.
February 28, 2003 Orlando Barlow 28 Spring Valley, Nevada A woman called police to report that Barlow, who was babysitting her children, was holding them hostage with a shotgun. An officer shot Barlow after he allegedly put his hand near his waste as he was surrendering.[38]
March 8, 2003 Michael Pleasance 23 Chicago, Illinois Pleasance arrived at a CTA Red Line station where Officer Alvin Weems was arresting Pleasance's friend after a fight. Suddenly, Weems turned and shot Pleasance in the face. Pleasance was not fired or arrested, but was later promoted.[39]
May 16, 2003 Alberta Spruill 57 New York City, New York Police mistakenly raided Spruill's apartment and threw a concussion grenade, causing her to have a heart attack. Spruill's death was ruled a homicide.[40]
May 22, 2003 Ousmane Zongo 43 New York City, New York Plainclothes officer Brian Conroy shot and killed Zongo as he ran away during a raid on a warehouse. Conroy was convicted of criminally negligent homicide but did not serve any jail time.[41]
November 30, 2003 Nathaniel Jones 41 Cincinnati, Ohio Police beat Jones with nightsticks after he was reported by paramedics at a White Castle restaurant. Jones fell unconscious and died; his death was ruled a homicide by a coroner.[42]
January 24, 2004 Timothy Stansbury 19 New York City, New York Officer Richard S. Neri accidentally shot Stansbury as he opened a rooftop door. A grand jury declined to indict Neri.
May 7, 2005 Jashon Bryant 18 Hartford, Connecticut Officer Robert Lawlor shot at a car driving towards an FBI agent, wounding the driver and killing Bryant, a passenger. Lawlor stated that he shot Bryant because he believed he was armed, but no weapon was found. Lawlor was charged with manslaughter and assault but was acquitted.[43]
September 2, 2005 Henry Glover 31 New Orleans, Louisiana Officer David Warren shot and killed Glover as he went to retrieve loot following Hurricane Katrina. Glover's body was later burned. Warren was convicted of Glover's death but his conviction was overturned.
September 4, 2005 James Brisette 17 New Orleans, Louisiana Police opened fire on multiple people on Danziger Bridge, killing Brisette and Madison and wounding four other people. Four officers were convicted for their roles in the shooting.[44]
Ronald Madison 40
January 15, 2006 Vincent Smith 16 Gary, Indiana Patrolman Levi Randolph responded to a report of a robbery and shot Smith after he reached into his sweatshirt pocket. An autopsy stated Smith was shot in the side of the neck. Randolph was charged with reckless homicide but was found not guilty.[45]
November 25, 2006 Sean Bell 23 New York City, New York Multiple officers shot Bell in his car the morning before his wedding. Two of Bell's friends were also wounded.
January 23, 2007 David Antjuan Ware 29 Ypsilanti, Michigan Undercover Officer Uriah Hamilton shot Ware during a buy-bust operation after he turned around and put his hand in his waistband after a chase. Ware did not have any weapon, just the money given to him by the undercover officer. Hamilton was cleared of any criminal wrongdoing by the county prosecutor.[46]
March 22, 2007 Brandon Washington 20 Dallas, Texas Officer Martin Rivera shot Washington, suspected of stealing a candy bar, when he didn't remove his hands from his pockets. Washington was unarmed and had a cellphone in his pocket. Rivera was once a police partner with Officer Amber Guyger, who was convicted of killing an unarmed man in 2018.[47]
May 20, 2007 Anthony Smashum 41 Savannah, Georgia Following a chase Smashum was climbing a fence when Officer Antonio Taharka shot him twice. Taharka pled guilty to involuntary manslaughter in 2009.[48][49]
July 22, 2007 DeAunta Farrow 12 West Memphis, Arkansas Officer Erik Sammis shot and killed Farrow in a parking lot after mistaking a toy gun for a real weapon. In 2009 Governor Mike Beebe signed into law a bill that banned toy guns that resembled real ones. The bill was initially named after Farrow but the bill's sponsor changed the name after complaints from Farrow's family.[50]
September 22, 2007 Shawn Watson 17 Dallas, Texas Watson and three others attempted to rob an undercover officer. The officer shot Watson after he reached for his waistband. About a year later Watson's brother was killed by police after he allegedly reached for a handgun.[51]
January 4, 2008 Tarika Wilson 26 Lima, Ohio Police raided Wilson's home searching for her boyfriend, wanted for drug trafficking. Sergeant Joseph Chavalia shot and killed Wilson and wounded her one-year-old son, who she was holding. Chavalia was acquitted of negligent homicide and negligent assault.[52]
January 30, 2008 Edward Lamont Hunt 27 Baltimore, Maryland Officer Tommy Sanders shot Hunt as he ran from him at a shopping center after he reached for his waistband. Sanders was indicted but found not guilty of voluntary and involuntary manslaughter.[53]
January 31, 2008 Frederick Devon McAllister 35 Bridgeport, Connecticut McAllister was mistaken for his cousin, wanted for charges in South Carolina, and a chase ensued. After a footchase an officer shot and killed McAllister, who had no weapon at the time.[54]
October 28, 2008 Julian Alexander 20 Anaheim, California Alexander was sleeping at the home he shared with his pregnant wife and in-laws when he heard a commotion outside. He grabbed a broomstick and walked outside, where he was shot and killed by an officer pursuing four burglary suspects.[55]
January 1, 2009 Oscar Grant 22 Oakland, California Oscar Grant III was a 22-year-old African-American man who was killed in the early morning hours of New Year's Day 2009 by BART Police Officer Johannes Mehserle in Oakland, California. Responding to reports of a fight on a crowded Bay Area Rapid Transit train returning from San Francisco, BART Police officers detained Grant and several other passengers. BART officer Anthony Pirone kneed Grant in the head and forced Grant to lie face down on the platform. Mehserle drew his pistol and shot Grant; he was rushed to Highland Hospital in Oakland and pronounced dead later that day. On January 30, 2010, Alameda County prosecutors charged Mehserle with second-degree murder in their indictment for the shooting. Mehserle resigned from his position and pleaded not guilty. The trial began on June 10, 2010. On July 8, 2010, Mehserle was found guilty of involuntary manslaughter and not guilty of the murder charge and voluntary manslaughter.[56]
January 18, 2009 Domonick Washington 26 Milwaukee, Wisconsin Officer Dwight Copeland shot Washington in the chest after a traffic stop, stating he believed Washington was reaching for a gun. A witness to the shooting stated an officer pointed a gun at her and told her to stay put.[57]
February 22, 2009 Roy Glenn Jr. 29 Humboldt, Tennessee Officer Paul Carrier shot Glenn in the back after a traffic stop while Glenn was on his hands and knees. Carrier was found guilty of reckless homicide.[58]
March 20, 2009 Steven Eugene Washington 27 Los Angeles, California An officer shot and killed Washington after he walked towards police while reaching into his waistband. Washington was autistic and had learning disabilities.[59]
April 18, 2009 Michael Patrick Jacobs Jr. 24 Fort Worth, Texas Police responded to a report by Jacobs' family. Police tasered him twice, and he later had trouble breathing and died. The medical examiner ruled his death a homicide.[60]
July 11, 2009 Shem Walker 49 New York City, New York Walker attempted to eject a man loitering on his mother's apartment stoop, unaware the man was actually an undercover narcotics detective observing a buy-and-bust operation. The unidentified officer shot Walker after a fight.[61]
October 9, 2009 Kiwane Carrington 15 Champaign, Illinois Officer Daniel Norbits accidentally shot Carrington while investigating a burglary.[62]
November 14, 2009 Leonard Bailey Jr. 16 Richmond, California Bailey and several other teenagers ran from a stolen vehicle. An officer shot Bailey when he turned around with his hands in his waistband. Bailey was unarmed, although there was a handgun in the stolen vehicle.[63]

2010-2013[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
January 29, 2010 Aaron Campbell 25 Portland, Oregon After firing six beanbag rounds at Campbell, Officer Ryan Lewton shot him in the back. Police were responding to a welfare call.[64]
May 16, 2010 Aiyana Jones 7 Detroit, Michigan Aiyana Jones was a seven-year-old girl from Detroit's East Side who was shot in the head and killed by a police officer during a raid conducted by the Detroit Police Department's Special Response Team on May 16, 2010.[65] Officer Joseph Weekley was charged in connection with Jones' death, but his case was thrown out in 2015 after two mistrials.[66]
July 22, 2010 James Rivera Jr. 16 Stockton, California Following a chase Officer Gregory Dunn and Deputy John Nesbitt shot Rivera after he crashed a minivan into a house. The officers stated they feared the van was going to back into them, but a judge stated that the officers saw the van was unable to move.[67]
September 17, 2010 David Smith 28 Minneapolis, Minnesota Police responded to a YMCA when staff reported Smith, who had bipolar disorder, was acting odd. Police handcuffed and knelt on Smith for about four minutes, causing his death. An autopsy said Smith's death was mechanical asphyxia caused by prone restraint.[68]
November 8, 2010 Derrick Jones 37 Oakland, California Officers Eriberto Perez-Angeles and Omar Daza-Quiroz shot and killed Jones during a chase after mistaking a scale for a gun.[69]
January 14, 2011 Reginald Doucet 25 Los Angeles, California Officers responding to reports of Doucet yelling and behaving erratically shot Doucet after he got into a scuffle with two officers. His family filed a lawsuit against the Los Angeles Police Department but it was dismissed.[70]
April 25, 2011 Corey Brown 31 Trenton, New Jersey Police responding to a domestic dispute shot and killed Brown after he raised his hand "as if he had a gun".[71]
May 2, 2011 Walter Bailey 54 Eutawville, South Carolina Richard Combs, Eutawville's police chief and only officer, shot and killed Bailey after he came to Eutawville's town hall to dispute his daughter's traffic ticket. Combs pled guilty to misconduct in office in exchange for having murder charges dropped.[72]
July 18, 2011 Alonzo Ashley 29 Denver, Colorado Police were called to the Denver Zoo after Ashley began to exhibit strange behavior, likely due to heat stroke. Officers placed Ashley on the ground and tased him, and by the time paramedics arrived Ashley had stopped breathing. An autopsy ruled his death a homicide and said it was caused by cardiorespiratory arrest brought by heat, dehydration, and exertion. The eight officers involved were cleared of wrongdoing. In 2021 the Denver Zoo apologized for their role in Ashley's death.[73]
December 29, 2011 Willie Ray Banks 52 Granite Shoals, Texas Police responded to a report of Banks behaving strangely. Officers attempted to arrest him for public intoxication despite Banks being on his own property. Banks was tased and knelt on, losing consciousness before reviving and collapsing again. An autopsy determined Banks's death was a homicide.[74]
February 2, 2012 Ramarley Graham 18 New York City, New York Officer Richard Haste followed Graham into his apartment and shot him as he attempted to flush marijuana down the toilet. Haste was charged with manslaughter but the charge was dropped.[75]
February 7, 2012 Manuel Loggins Jr. 31 San Clemente, California Loggins, a Camp Pendleton Marine sergeant, crashed his SUV through a gate at San Clemente High School. Deputy Darren Sandberg shot Loggins after he exited his vehicle and allegedly refused commands. Loggins's two daughters, aged nine and fourteen, witnessed the shooting.[76]
March 7, 2012 Wendell Allen 20 New Orleans, Louisiana Officer Joshua Colclough shot and killed Allen as he walked down a flight of stairs unarmed and shirtless. Colclough pleaded guilty to manslaughter and was sentenced to four years in prison.[77]
March 14, 2012 Dane Scott Jr. 18 Del City, Oklahoma Following a chase, Del City Police Captain Randy Trent Harrison got into a scuffle, during which Harrison disarmed Scott of a gun. Scott ran away, and Harrison shot him in the back. Harrison was convicted of manslaughter in 2013.[78]
March 21, 2012 Rekia Boyd 22 Chicago, Illinois Rekia Boyd was shot by Dante Servin, an off-duty Chicago police detective, on March 21, 2012. Servin was charged with involuntary manslaughter but found not guilty in 2015.[79]
March 24, 2012 Kendrec McDade 19 Pasadena, California Officers Jeffrey Newlen and Matthew Griffin responded to reports of an armed robbery, but the 911 caller later stated that the men who robbed him did not have weapons. The officers shot McDade, who they say matched the description of the robber, after he ran towards a police vehicle.[80]
May 9, 2012 Davinian Williams 36 Jacksonville, Florida Officer Jeff Edwards shot Williams during a traffic stop. Edwards said he thought Williams was reaching for a gun, but no weapon was found.[81]
June 14, 2012 Shantel Davis 23 New York City, New York Following a pursuit an officer shot Davis, who was in a stolen car.[82]
August 11, 2012 Cjavar Galmon 18 Tangipahoa, Louisiana Deputies responded to a fight at a club and chased and handcuffed a man. Witnesses say Galmon approached the deputies when one of them shot him. An attorney for Galmon's family stated he was approaching them to say they were stopping the wrong person.[83]
September 21, 2012 Anthony Anderson 46 Baltimore, Maryland Anderson died after he was tackled by an officer who suspected him of involvement in a drug deal, during which he slipped drugs down his mouth. A coroner determined Anderson's death was a homicide, and an autopsy showed he had fractured ribs and a ruptured spline.[84]
November 18, 2012 Derrick Ambrose Jr. 22 Waterloo, Iowa After an argument at a bar, Ambrose left and returned with a pistol. An officer chased Ambrose, during which Ambrose threw his gun over a fence. When Ambrose tripped, the officer shot him as he got up and turned towards the officer.[85]
November 29, 2012 Timothy Russell 43 East Cleveland, Ohio Timothy Russell and Malissa Williams were shot by six police officers after a 22-minute car chase, in part by police who thought they were being shot at from the vehicle. Only one police officer involved, Officer Michael Brelo, lost their job with the police department.[86] None were found guilty of a crime, either by having their charges dismissed or after being found not guilty.[87]
Malissa Williams 30
December 15, 2012 Jamaal Moore 23 Chicago, Illinois Moore was suspected of hijacking televisions from a truck. After a chase a police vehicle struck Moore and dragged him several feet. As Moore crawled out from under the car, an officer tackled him, and a second shot him.[88]
March 10, 2013 Clinton Allen 25 Dallas, Texas Officer Clark Staller shot Allen seven times at an apartment complex. Staller claimed Allen tried to choke him.[89]
April 20, 2013 Craig Demps 22 West Palm Beach, Florida Following a carjacking an officer shot Demps when he reached towards his waistband. Demps did not have a weapon, but narcotics.[90]
May 24, 2013 Leonard Thomas 30 Fife, Washington A SWAT sniper shot and killed Thomas as he held his son during a standoff.[91]
July 26, 2013 Larry Jackson 32 Austin, Texas Investigating a bank robbery, Detective Charles Kleinert chased Jackson and caught up to him, causing a struggle. During the struggle, Kleinert's weapon discharged, striking Jackson in the back of the neck. Kleinert was charged with manslaughter but the charge was dropped.[92]
July 28, 2013 Ryan Stokes 24 Kansas City, Missouri Officer William Thompson shot Stokes after he was accused of stealing a cell phone. The officer said stokes was believed Stokes had a gun, but he was holding his own cell phone.[93]
September 14, 2013 Jonathan Ferrell 24 Charlotte, North Carolina After his crashing his car, Ferrell went to a house and knocked on the door. The resident, Sarah McCartney, called the police and three officers came.[94][95][96] Ferrell then ran towards them, whereupon one of the officers fired a taser at Ferrell and missed. Kerrick then opened fire on Ferrell, shooting him twelve times and killing him. He was unarmed at the time he was shot.[97] A toxicology test of Ferrell's blood showed he was not illegally intoxicated.[98]
October 13, 2013 Brandon Devone Smith 30 Wilmington, North Carolina Smith, suspected of shooting a deputy several days earlier, was shot and killed by deputies and ATF agents after a chase. Smith was unarmed at the time.[99]

2014[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
January 16 Jordan Baker 26 Houston, Texas An off-duty officer shot Baker after mistaking him for a robbery suspect. Baker was not the robbery suspect and was unarmed at the time.[100]
February 9 Ernest Satterwhite 68 North Augusta, South Carolina After a slow-speed chase that ended in Satterwhite's driveway Officer Justin Craven lunged into Satterwhite's vehicle, before pulling back and shooting him. Craven pled guilty to misconduct in office and was sentenced to three years of probation and 80 hours of community service.[101]
February 16 Yvette Smith 47 Bastrop, Texas Smith called 911 and was acting as a peacemaker during a dispute between two men. Deputy Daniel Willis arrived and ordered Smith to step outside. Within three seconds of Smith opening the door, Willis shot her twice. Willis was charged with murder but was found not guilty.[102]
March 25 Deandre Lloyd Armstrong-Starks 27 Tulsa, Oklahoma Sergeant Mark Wollmershauser Jr. shot and killed Armstrong-Sharks in the back at a residence after he "kept moving his hands in a furtive motion in the front of his hoodie and waistband area". No weapons were found in the home.[103]
April 11 Gregory Towns 24 East Point, Georgia Officers Marcus Eberhart and Howard Weems repeatedly tased Towns as he was handcuffed, leading to his death. Eberhart was sentenced to life in prison, while Weems was sentenced to five years in prison.[104]
April 30 Dontre Hamilton 31 Milwaukee, Wisconsin Dontre Hamilton was shot and killed by police officer Christoper Manney, at Red Arrow Park in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. No charges were brought, but Manney was fired from the force. As a result of the shooting and subsequent protests, Milwaukee police officers were equipped with body cameras. Hamilton's family stated that Hamilton had been treated for schizophrenia but was not violent.[105][106]
May 5 Justin Griffin 25 Jackson, Mississippi Griffin got into a fight with an off-duty Hinds County deputy acting as a referee at a basketball game. The deputy, Joshua Adams, struck Griffin in the head, killing him. Adams was charged with murder.[107]
May 8 Howard Bowe 34 Hallandale Beach, Florida A SWAT officer shot Bower while police served a warrant at his home. Bowe died 11 days later. Bowe's pet pit bull was also shot and killed.[108]
May 22 Craig McKinnis 44 Kansas City, Kansas McKinnis died of positional asphyxia after was restrained. His death was ruled accidental.[109]
July 1 Jerry Dwight Brown 41 Zephyrhills, Florida Two detectives shot Brown during a drug bust after he refused to show his hands.[110]
July 4 Icarus Randolph 26 Wichita, Kansas Officer Ryan Snyder shot and killed Randolph on his mother's lawn after he charged towards the officer.[111]
July 9 Charles Goodridge 53 Cypress, Texas An off-duty constable working security at an apartment got into an altercation with Goodridge, who had been recently evicted from the property. The constable shot Goodridge twice in the abdomen. The constable was treated for a concussion.[112]
July 13 Ronald Singleton 45 New York City, New York Singleton died after being restrained by police in Manhattan. His death was ruled a homicide. Singleton's death occurred four days before the death of Eric Garner, who similarly died after he was restrained by NYPD officers.[113]
July 17 Eric Garner 43 New York City, New York Eric Garner died after a New York City Police Department officer, Daniel Pantaleo, put him in a chokehold while arresting him. Garner repeated the words "I can't breathe" 11 times while lying face down on the sidewalk. The medical examiner ruled Garner's death a homicide. No indictment followed.[114]
August 5 John Crawford III 22 Beavercreek, Ohio Crawford was a 22-year-old man shot and killed by Beavercreek police officer Sean Williams, in a Walmart store in Beavercreek, Ohio, near Dayton, while holding an un-packaged BB/pellet air rifle from inside the store's sporting goods section. A grand jury declined to indict the two officers on criminal charges.[115] Ohio is an "open carry" state, in which the open carrying of firearms is legal with or without a license, which prompted discussion of gun rights and race.[116] Following the shooting, a grand jury decided not to indict any of the officers involved on charges of either murder, reckless homicide, or negligent homicide.[117][118]
August 9 Michael Brown 18 Ferguson, Missouri After a struggle with officer Darren Wilson, Brown began to flee on foot after a struggle for the gun. Officer Wilson pursued the unarmed Brown. Brown then stopped and charged Wilson, who then shot Brown six times, killing Brown.[119] Brown died on the street.[120][121] Less than 90 seconds passed from the time officer Darren Wilson encountered Brown to the time of Brown's death.[122] No charges were filed against Wilson.[123]
August 11 Ezell Ford 25 Los Angeles, California Ezell Ford died from multiple gunshot wounds after being shot by Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) officers. After his death, his parents said their son had been diagnosed with depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia, and that everybody in the neighborhood, as well as the police, were aware of this. They recalled that Ford had become more introverted and melancholy around the age of 18,[124] and took medication that made him less active.[125] In January 2017 Los Angeles County prosecutors said Wampler and Villegas would not face criminal charges in connection with the shooting.[126]
September 23 Cameron Tillman 14 Houma, Louisiana Police were called about "armed men with guns" entering an abandoned home, but they were actually teenagers with BB guns. When deputies arrived, Tillman answered the door and wat shot four times. The county sheriff initially said Tillman had a gun, but later said there was a BB gun "in close proximity". The other teens stated the BB gun was on a table next to the door.[127]
October 3 Lashano Gilbert 31 New London, Connecticut Police tased Gilbert as he was arrested for an attempted carjacking and assault. After he was transported from the hospital to the police department, he began to fold his pants into the shape of a noose. Police used pepper spray and a taser on Gilbert, who became unresponsive while being transported back to the hospital. An autopsy conducted on October 5 determined Gilbert's death was a homicide.[128]
October 23 Michael Ricardo Minor 38 Suitland, Maryland A deputy responding to a domestic incident shot and killed Minor, who police say was unarmed.[129]
November 20 Akai Gurley 18 New York City, New York Gurley and his girlfriend entered the stairwell in the building where they lived. Officer Liang fired his weapon; his shot ricocheted off a wall and fatally struck Gurley in the chest. Officer Peter Liang was indicted by a grand jury for manslaughter, assault, and other criminal charges (five counts total).[130]
November 22 Tamir Rice 12 Cleveland, Ohio Officer Timothy Loehmann shot the 12-year-old boy with toy gun despite the 911 caller indicating that the gun was "probably fake" twice and saying that "he is probably a juvenile"; however, this information was not relayed to officers Loehmann or Garmback on the initial dispatch.[131] The 911 dispatcher was suspended for 8 days.[132]
December 2 Rumain Brisbon 34 Phoenix, Arizona An officer shot and killed Brisbon during a struggle after mistaking a pill bottle for a gun.[133]
December 15 Dennis Grigsby 35 Texarkana, Texas Officer Brent Lawing responded to a burglary report and shot Grigsby, who was carrying a metal spoon. A grand jury declined to indict Lawing.[134]
December 30 Jerame Reid 36 Bridgeton, New Jersey During a traffic stop, officers pulled over a vehicle for running through a stop sign. While questioning the two men in the car, including Jerame Reid, officer Days, who recognized Reid, removed large silver handgun from the glove compartment. Then there was a struggle and Reid then pushed the door open and exited the car with his hands at chest level. Days backed up and fired as Reid exited the vehicle. Reid reacted to the shots by moving his hands upwards. Officer Worley fired one shot, and Reid was killed.[135][136] Reid was unarmed at the time.[137] No charges were filed against the two officers involved in the shooting.[138]

2015[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
March 1 Charley Leundeu Keunang 43 Los Angeles, California Charley Leundeu Keunang was ordered by police to come out of his tent in Skid Row after fighting with someone inside the tent. After he refused the police order, they dragged him out of the tent. A physical altercation ensued with several police officers, during which three officers shot Keunang, resulting in his death. At least two videos captured the incident. According to police, Keunang had gotten hold of an officers gun during the struggle.[139][140][141][142] While no charges were filed against the officers, the city paid a settlement of $1.95 million to Keunang's family.[143]
March 6 Tony Robinson 19 Madison, Wisconsin Friends of Robinson were concerned by his erratic behavior and called for help. Robinson was determined post-mortem to have ingested Xanax, psilocybin mushrooms, and THC hours before the shooting.[144] Officer Matt Kenny failed to deescalate the situation and fired his weapon seven times. Robinson was unarmed.[145][146]
March 6 Naeschylus Vinzant 37 Aurora, Colorado Vinzant, suspected of a kidnapping, robbery, assault, and also wanted for removing his parole ankle bracelet, was shot and killed by a SWAT team. Vinzant was unarmed.[147]
March 9 Anthony Hill 26 Chamblee, Georgia Hill was noted to be acting erratically when police were called; he had hung from his second-story balcony in his apartment complex, and his speech was slurred.[148] Officer Robert Olsen and found him in the parking lot of the complex.[149] After Hill approached Olsen, who had exited the vehicle, and refused to obey orders, Olsen shot Hill twice. Olsen was sentenced on November 1, 2019, to 12 years in prison, followed by eight years of probation by DeKalb County Superior Court Judge LaTisha Dear Jackson. Olsen is also banned for life from working in law enforcement, prohibited from possessing firearms or profiting from the case.[150]
April 2 Eric Harris 44 Tulsa, Oklahoma Eric Courtney Harris was fatally shot during an undercover sting in Tulsa, Oklahoma, as Harris ran from authorities unarmed. While Harris was being subdued, Tulsa County Reserve Deputy Robert Charles "Bob" Bates, 73, allegedly confused his personal weapon for a taser. Bates shot Harris in the back when he was on the ground.[151] According to the Tulsa County Sheriff's office, he immediately said afterward, "Oh, I shot him! I'm sorry." Bates was found guilty of manslaughter and sentenced to four years in prison.[152]
April 4 Walter Scott 50 North Charleston, South Carolina Walter Scott was pulled over for a non-functioning brake light by police officer Michael Slager. After Slager returned to his vehicle, Scott exited his own vehicle and fled on foot. After a brief altercation, Scott ran again and Slager fired eight shots at him from behind, hitting Scott five times.[153] Slager was convicted for second-degree murder in 2017 and sentenced to 20 years in federal prison.[154]
April 12 Freddie Gray 25 Baltimore, Maryland Gray was arrested by the Baltimore Police Department and subsequently charged for possessing a knife. While being transported in a police van, Gray fell into a coma and was taken to the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center. Gray died April 19, 2015; his death was ascribed to injuries to his spinal cord. Four officers were involved; all were either acquitted or did not have charges brought against them.[155][156]
April 22 William Chapman 18 Portsmouth, Virginia Portsmouth Police Officer Stephen D. Rankin had been responding to a report of suspected shoplifting and engaged in a physical struggle with Chapman while trying to arrest him. According to witnesses, Chapman broke free but then stepped back towards Rankin, at which point Rankin shot him twice.[157][158] Rankin was found guilty of voluntary manslaughter and served 30 months in prison.[159]
May 30 Richard Gregory Davis 50 Rochester, New York Police tased Davis after he charged at them following a chase. Davis died, and his death was ruled a homicide by a medical examiner.[160]
June 25 Spencer Lee McCain 41 Owings Mills, Maryland Police responding to a domestic disturbance shot McCain after he took a "defensive position".[161]
July 2 Victo Larosa III 23 Jacksonville, Florida An officer shot Larosa during a drug sting after he reached towards his waistband. No gun was recovered from the scene.[162]
July 8 Jonathan Sanders 39 Stonewall, Mississippi At the time of the incident, witnesses reported that the officer had used a racial slur during his encounter with Sanders and that Sanders' breathing had been obstructed by officer Kevin Herrington for as much as 30 minutes. Sanders died at the scene.[163]
July 19 Samuel DuBose 43 Cincinnati, Ohio Samuel DuBose was fatally shot by Ray Tensing, a University of Cincinnati police officer, during a traffic stop for a missing front license plate and a suspended driver's license. Tensing fired after DuBose started his car.[164] He was tried twice for murder and voluntary manslaughter but both trials ended in hung juries. Charges against him were later dismissed with prejudice.[165]
August 7 Christian Taylor 19 Arlington, Texas Officer Brad Miller shot and killed Taylor responding to a burglary at a car dealership.[166]
September 5 India Kager 27 Virginia Beach, Virginia Police followed Kager and her child's father, Antonio Perry, who police were investigating for a murder. When their car stopped at a 7-Eleven, police used flash grenades and broke the windows. Perry fired at police, and police fired back, killing both Kager and Perry. Kager and Perry's four-month-old son was sitting in the back of the car.[167]
November 13 Tanisha Anderson 37 Cleveland, Ohio Tanisha Anderson was killed by Officer Scott Aldridge during a 911 mental health call made by Anderson's family. Anderson was restrained in a prone position - family members claimed Aldridge placed a knee on her neck - and stopped breathing, and she was pronounced dead at Cleveland Hospital.[168] Aldridge received a 10-day suspension.[169]
November 15 Jamar Clark 24 Minneapolis, Minnesota After an altercation at a birthday party, paramedics were called. An onlooker reported that both the paramedics and police who had arrived at the scene asked Clark to step away from the ambulance (in which his girlfriend was) and that police then stepped from their car, arrested Clark on the ground, and the EMS supervisor placed a knee on Clark's chest, after which point he was shot.[170] According to police during the struggle, Clark obtained the officer's gun, leading to the shooting by the other officer.[171] Other accounts have disputed the police's version of events, stating that Clark was unarmed and not resisting.[172] No charges were filed.[173]
November 19 Nathaniel Harris Pickett Jr. 29 Barstow, California Deputy Kyle Woods shot and killed Pickett at a motel after he fell to the ground and was scooting back.[174]
December 26 Bettie Jones 55 Chicago, Illinois Officer Robert Rialmo shot and killed 19-year-old Quintonio LeGrier, who was armed with a bat. One of the shots struck Jones, LeGrier's neighbor.[175]
December 31 Keith Childress 23 Las Vegas, Nevada Las Vegas Metro Police were called by US Marshals to help conduct surveillance. Police shot Childress after his cell phone was mistaken for a gun.[176]

2016[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
February 4 Antronie Scott 36 San Antonio, Texas Officer John Lee shot and killed Scott in San Antonio's North Side after mistaking a cell phone Scott was holding for a gun.[177]
February 8 David Joseph 17 Austin, Texas Police responded to reports of a teenager chasing a man around an apartment complex and encountered Joseph, naked and unarmed. Officer Geoffrey Freeman shot Joseph after he allegedly charged towards him.[178]
February 13 Calin Devonte Roquemore 23 Beckville, Texas Texas Department of Public Safety Trooper Daniel McBride shot and killed Roquemore during a chase after Roquemore tripped. McBride stated he believed Roquemore had a gun.[179]
February 21 Che Taylor 46 Seattle, Washington Officers Michael Spaulding and Todd Miller shot and killed Taylor in a car outside a home in the Wedgwood neighborhood. Evidence showed Taylor did not have a gun on him during the shooting.[180]
February 25 Greg Gunn 58 Montgomery, Alabama Officer Aaron Cody Smith shot and killed Greg Gunn after he fled a stop-and-frisk search. Smith claimed Gunn had attacked him with a pole, but his fingerprints were not found on the pole, and photographs showed Gunn had a hat in his hands. Smith was found guilty of manslaughter.[181][182]
April 5 Kevin Hicks 44 Indianapolis, Indiana An officer shot Hicks in the head after an altercation at a gas station. According to The Indianapolis Star Hicks' death was one of 19 police shootings that the Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department failed to review.[183]
July 6 Philando Castile 32 Falcon Heights, Minnesota Philando Castile was fatally shot during a traffic stop by police officer Jeronimo Yanez of the St. Anthony police department in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area. Yanez was being charged with second degree manslaughter and two counts of dangerous discharge of a firearm. He was acquitted of all charges.
July 27 Dalvin Hollins 19 Tempe, Arizona Officer Ed Ouimette shot Hollis, an armed robbery suspect, in a parking lot. Ouimette claimed Hollins had a gun but no gun was ever found.[184]
July 28 Paul O'Neal 18 Chicago, Illinois Police say that O'Neal, who was unarmed, fled from the vehicle after the chase and refused to stop. The shooting was classified by the medical examiner as a homicide. The three officers who discharged their weapons were removed from duty following a preliminary investigation. Following an investigation, no criminal charges were brought against the officers involved.
September 16 Terence Crutcher 40 Tulsa, Oklahoma Terence Crutcher was shot and killed by police officer Betty Jo Shelby in Tulsa, Oklahoma. He was unarmed during the encounter, in which he was standing near his vehicle in the middle of a street. Shelby was charged with first-degree manslaughter after the shooting was labeled a homicide. On May 17, 2017, a jury found her not guilty of first-degree manslaughter.
September 27 Alfred Olango 38 El Cajon, California Olango was shot several times by police responding to a call for emergency psychiatric aid. San Diego County prosecutors declined to file charges against officers Josh McDaniel and Richard Gonsalves, who were involved in the shooting. Olango's sister noticed strange behavior from him and called police three times asking for immediate help. A 5150 (involuntary psychiatric hold) request for a psychiatric emergency response team (PERT) was placed. Fifty minutes after the first call, at least two non-PERT officers arrived on scene. In video footage released by Police Department, Olango drew an object and extended it in two hands towards police in a shooting stance before being shot. The object was an e-cigarette.[185]

2017[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
January 4 Muhammad Muhaymin Jr. 43 Phoenix, Arizona Police were called after Muhaymin attempted to bring his dog into a public bathroom. Police restrained Muhaymin after he was found to have a warrant, and Muhaymin died. An autopsy ruled Muhaymin's death a homicide.[186]
January 6 Sean Moore 42 San Francisco, California Police responded to reports of Moore violating a restraining order. Authorities say an officer struck Moore with a baton, leading Moore to strike back. Officer Kenneth Cha then shot Moore. Moore died in 2020 and an autopsy found his death was partially caused by the gunshot wound. Cha was charged with voluntary manslaughter and assault with a semi-automatic firearm.[187]
January 26 Deaundre Phillips 24 Atlanta, Georgia Police responded to reports of a suspicious man in a vehicle. Officer Yasin Abdulahad shot Phillips when the vehicle started to drive off. Abdulahad claimed he was halfway in the car and was being dragged, but surveillance video showed he had fully entered the vehicle when it started moving.[188]
February 7 Wardel Davis 20 Buffalo, New York Officers Todd C. McAlister and Nicholas J. Parisi stopped Davis after he was seen exiting a known drug house. A physical encounter occurred, and Davis fell unconscious and died. An autopsy ruled his death a homicide.[189]
February 8 Chad Robertson 25 Chicago, Illinois Amtrak Police Officer LaRoyce Tankson patted down Robertson near Union Station. Robertson fled and reached into his pocket, causing Tankson to shoot. Robertson did not have any weapons, and there was marijuana in his pocket. Tankson was charged with murder but was acquitted.[190]
February 9 Quanice Hayes 17 Portland, Oregon Officer Andrew Hearst shot Hayes from 10 feet away with an AR-15. Hayes was on his knees with hands in the air. A jury declined to indict Hearst.[191]
February 13 Raynard Burton 19 Detroit, Michigan Following a pursuit of a stolen car Officer Jerold Blanding got into a struggle with Burton, ending when Blanding shot Burton in the chest. Prior to Burton's death Blanding had been involved in four shootings, two off-duty.[192]
March 19 Alteria Woods 21 Gifford, Florida Woods was lying on a bed in her boyfriend's home when police conducted a raid. A shootout occurred, and Woods was struck by police gunfire.[193]
April 29 Jordan Edwards 15 Balch Springs, Texas Jordan Edwards, a 15-year-old boy, was fatally shot by police officer Roy Oliver.[194][195][196][197] He was struck in the back of the head while riding in the front passenger seat of a car driving away from police.[196][198] Police originally claimed the vehicle was backing toward them in an aggressive manner, but video later revealed that the car was driving away at the time Edwards was shot.[194] Oliver was found guilty of murdering Edwards at trial in August 2018[199] and was sentenced to 15 years in prison.[200]
May 7 Landon Nobles 24 Austin, Texas Sergeant Richard Egal and Corporal Maxwell Johnson shot and killed Nobles as a crowd dispersed in front of a bar. Police stated that Nobles fired at officers but several witnesses said Nobles was unarmed.[201]
May 14 Tashii Farmer 40 Las Vegas, Nevada Tashii Farmer (also known as Tashii Brown) was reported to be acting erratically at The Venetian hotel-casino and was chased by officers. Police tased Farmer when he tried to enter a citizen's truck. Officer Kenneth Lopera then placed Farmer in a rear-naked choke, leading to his death. An autopsy ruled Farmer's death a homicide. Lopera was charged with manslaughter but his charges were dropped.[202]
June 8 David Jones 30 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Officer Ryan Pownall pulled over Jones, on a dirt bike, in the Juniata neighborhood. Pownall frisked Jones and felt a firearm, leading to a struggle. Pownall attempted to shoot Jones but his gun jammed. Jones then threw his gun down and ran away. Pownall shot him three times in the back. Pownall was later charged with homicide.[203]
June 29 Aaron Bailey 45 Indianapolis, Indiana Following a chase two officers shot and killed Bailey. The officers stated they believed Bailey was reaching for a weapon, but no weapon was found.[204]
July 7 Eurie Martin 58 Deepstep, Georgia Martin was reported after a man noticed him trying to fill an empty soda can with water from a spigot. Three deputies tased Martin, who fell unconscious and died. A medical examiner determined his death was a homicide.[205][206] The officers were charged but a mistrial was declared after the jury deadlocked.[207]
August 27 Damon Grimes 15 Detroit, Michigan Officer Mark Bessner tased Grimes as he drove by a police car, causing him to crash into a truck. Bessner stated he believed Grimes was reaching for a gun, but no weapon was found on him.[208]
August 28 Anthony Antonio Ford 27 Miami, Florida Following a traffic stop Officer Eduardo Pares shot and killed Ford in an alley. The state attorney for Miami-Dade County declined to file charges against the officer.[209]
November 18 Lawrence Hawkins 56 Prichard, Alabama Officer Jonathan Murphy shot and killed Hawkins in front of his home, including twice in the back. In 2020 Murphy was arrested for murder relating to a separate off-duty killing.[210]
December 1 Keita O'Neil 42 San Francisco, California Rookie Officer Chris Samayoa shot O'Neil, suspected of a carjacking, during a chase. After O'Neil exited the stolen van, he fled to a housing complex and was shot in the back of the head by Samayoa, on his fourth day on the job. Samayoa was charged with manslaughter in 2020.[211]
December 27 Dennis Plowden 25 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Following a chase Officer Eric Ruch shot Plowden as he had his left hand visibly raised in the air. Ruch was charged with first-degree murder, third-degree murder, voluntary manslaughter and possession of an instrument of crime.[212]

2018[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
January 23 Corey Mobley 38 Bradenton, Florida An officer responded to a domestic incident and shot Mobley. Mobley claimed he had a gun, but he was unarmed.[213]
February 13 Ronnell Foster 33 Vallejo, California Officer Ryan McMahon shot and killed Foster after a struggle, which started after McMahon pulled Foster over for riding a bicycle without proper lights. After McMahon struck Foster several times with his flashlight, Foster took it and McMahon shot him. McMahon was later one of the officers involved in the shooting of Willie McCoy in 2019.[214]
March 18 Stephon Clark 22 Sacramento, California Two Sacramento Police Department officers, who were investigating reports of a hooded individual breaking car windows, chased Stephon Clark from the front yard to the back yard of his grandmother's house and stopped before walking towards the officers. One or both officers yelled "show me your hands!" and "gun!" before the officers collectively fired 20 rounds. At least 7 of the 20 shots struck Clark, killing him. The county coroner found that three shots had struck Clark in the back, while an independent autopsy found Clark was struck six times in the back, and once in the front after he was already on the ground. The encounter was filmed by police video cameras and by a Sacramento County Sheriff's Department helicopter. Police stated they fired because they believed Clark pointed a gun at them. No gun was found at the scene, and police later admitted that the officers had mistaken Clark's cell phone for a gun. In 2019, the Sacramento County district attorney declined to press charges against the police officers, announcing an investigation had found the use of deadly force to be justified.
March 22 Danny Ray Thomas 34 Houston, Texas Deputy Cameron Brewer approached two men having an argument at an intersection. Brewer killed Thomas after he walked towards Brewer and ignored his commands to stop. Brewer was later fired, and a spokesperson said he should have user his taser first.[215]
April 26 Jeffrey Melvin 27 Colorado Springs, Colorado Melvin was tased multiple times by police responding to a disturbance. Melvin was hospitalized and died about a week later. His death was ruled a homicide.[216]
May 14 Keeven Robinson 22 Jefferson Parish, Louisiana Following a chase police restrained and handcuffed Robinson. After he was handcuffed officers knoticed Robinson was not breathing and brought him to a hospital, where he died. A coroner ruled his death a homicide due to asphyxiation.[217]
May 14 Marcus-David Peters 24 Richmond, Virginia During a mental health crisis Peters had a car accident and took off his clothes. He approached Officer Michael Nyantakyi, who tased Peters multiple times before shooting him.[218]
May 26 Earl McNeil 40 National City, California McNeil was restrained with a WRAP device and had two mesh socks put over his head after he turned himself in for a warrant. A nurse referred McNeil for a full medical evaluation but he lost his pulse by the time the ambulance arrived at the hospital. The medical examiner ruled his death a homicide.[219]
June 6 Maurice Granton Jr. 24 Chicago, Illinois An officer shot Granton as he climbed a fence. Police say they recovered a weapon, but an attorney stated that it was found 20 to 25 feet from where he was shot. An autopsy showed Granton was shot in the back.[220]
June 19 Antwon Rose Jr. 17 East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania After Officer Michael Rosfeld pulled over a vehicle suspected of being used in an earlier drive-by shooting, Rose and another occupant fled. Rosfeld fired, hitting Rose in the back. Although there were weapons and the car and gunshot residue was found on Rose's hands, he was unarmed at the time of the shooting.[221]
June 20 Anthony Marcel Green 33 Kingsland, Georgia After a traffic stop Officer Zechariah Presley chased Green and shot him as he fled. Presley was acquitted of manslaughter charges but found guilty of violating his oath of office. He was sentenced to a year in prison and four years probation.[222][223]
July 8 Joseph Pettaway 51 Montgomery, Alabama Police responded to reports of a possible burglary and encountered Pettaway at the house, where family said he sometimes slept with permission. Police unleashed a canine unit on Pettaway, who was bitten in the thigh and femoral artery. The dog's handler testified he had to choke the dog to near-unconsciousness to get it to let go. Pettaway was sent to the hospital, where he died from his injuries.[224]
September 1 O'Shae Terry 24 Arlington, Texas During a traffic stop Officer Bau Tran grabbed the passenger side window of Terry's vehicle and shot him as the vehicle began to move. Tran was indicted on a criminally negligent homicide charge.[225]
September 5 James Leatherwood 23 Hollywood, Florida A SWAT officer shot Leatherwood, suspected of a murder in Miami, after he reached for his waistband. No firearm was found in the apartment.[226]
September 6 Botham Jean 26 Dallas, Texas Off-duty Dallas Police Department officer Amber Guyger erroneously entered Botham Jean's apartment and fatally shot him. Guyger said that she had entered the apartment believing it was her own and that she shot Jean believing he was a burglar.[227][228] On October 1, 2019, Guyger was found guilty of murder.[229] The next day, she received a sentence of ten years in prison.[230]
September 8 Marcus Smith 38 Greensboro, North Carolina Police restrained Smith after reports of a man running through traffic in Downtown Greensboro. Smith fell unconscious and died at the scene, and his death was ruled a homicide.[231]
September 15 Anton Black 19 Greensboro, Maryland Police restrained Black outside his family's home, where he was handcuffed and shackled before he stopped breathing. The state medical examiner's office concluded Black's death was accidental, but a cardiologist at Johns Hopkins University concluded he died by asphyxiation.[232]
October 17 Charles Roundtree Jr. 18 San Antonio, Texas Officer Steve Casanova, responding to reports of an assault, shot a man who he believed had a gun, but the man's DNA wasn't found on the weapon. The bullet unintentionally struck Roundtree, killing him.[233]
November 1 Tony Bernard Smith Jr. 24 Jacksonville, Florida Smith, a suspect in a carjacking, was shot by officer Rodney Deconte on a flight of stairs. No gun was found on Smith during the shooting, but a gun was found between the stolen truck and Smith.[234]
December 10 Gregory Edwards 38 Cocoa, Florida Edwards, a combat veteran, was arrested at a walmart after having a PTSD episode. While at the station, more than 10 officers piled on top of him, beat him, tased him, pepper sprayed him, and then restrained him in a chair with a spit hood on, which led to his death less than a day later.[235]

2019[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
January 13 George Robinson 62 Jackson, Mississippi Officers pulled Robinson from a car, threw him against the pavement, and struck and kicked him. Robinson died two days later and his death was ruled a homicide. Officers Desmond Barney, Lincoln Lampley, and Anthony Fox were indicted on second-degree murder, but Barney and Lampley's charges were later dropped.[236]
January 22 Jimmy Atchison 21 Atlanta, Georgia A federal task force shot Atchison during an investigation into an armed robbery. Atchison was hiding in a closet and was given conflicting commands to come out with his hands up and to not move. Atchison was leaving the closet when Officer Sung Kim shot him.[237]
February 6 Eleanor Northington 43 Indianapolis, Indiana Police responding to a mental health crisis restrained Northington at a church. Northington fell unconscious and died due to a lack of oxygen to the brain.[238]
March 28 Javier Ambler 40 Austin, Texas Deputies James Johnson and Zachary Camden tased Ambler multiple times during a traffic stop, leading to his death. Ambler's death was ruled a homicide, and in 2021, Johnson and Camden were indicted on manslaughter charges. In addition, Williamson County Sheriff Robert Chody was indicted on a felony evidence tampering charge. Ambler's death was recorded by a Live PD crew, but A&E stated that the footage had been deleted.[239][240]
April 29 Isaiah Lewis 17 Edmond, Oklahoma Police responded to reports of a person running naked in a neighborhood. After officers found Lewis, he broke into a home and got into an altercation with officers. An officer shot Lewis.[241]
June 16 Ryan Twyman 24 Willowbrook, California Deputy Andrew Lyons and another deputy responded to an apartment complex and shot Twyman after he put his vehicle into reverse. Lyons then retrieved his semiautomatic rifle and fired again, after the vehicle stopped moving. Lyons was charged with one felony count of voluntary manslaughter and two felony counts of assault with a semiautomatic firearm.[242]
July 25 Josef Richardson 38 Port Allen, Louisiana Deputy Vance Mantranga shot Richardson in the back of the neck during a drug sting after he reached towards his waistband.[243]
September 5 Byron Williams 50 Las Vegas, Nevada Williams died after police restrained him after he was stopped for riding his bicycle without safety lights. The county coroner's office ruled his death a homicide.[244]
October 14 Christopher Whitfield 31 Ethel, Louisiana Deputy Glenn Sims Sr. chased Whitfield after he allegedly stole raw chicken from a convenience store. Sims fired a warning shot into the ground and grabbed the back of Whitfield's hoodie, leading to a scuffle. Police say during the scuffle, Whitfield hit Sims' gun, causing it to fire and hit Whitfield in the back.[245]
December 2 Michael Lorenzo Dean 28 Temple, Texas Officer Carmen DeCruz shot and killed Dean after a traffic stop. An affidavit says DeCruz pointed his gun at Dean with his right hand and tried to pull Dean's car keys with his left, leading him to shoot Dean. DeCruz resigned and was charged with second-degree-manslaughter.[246]
December 3 Cameron Lamb 26 Kansas City, Missouri Following a traffic accident Officer Erik J. DeValkenaere shot and killed Lamb as he backed his pick-up truck into his driveway. DeValkenaere said he believed Lamb was pointing a gun at his partner, but Lamb was unarmed. DeValkenaere was sentenced to six years in prison for involuntary manslaughter and armed criminal actions.[247]

2020[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
January 5 Kwame Jones 17 Jacksonville, Florida An officer attempted to pull over a stolen vehicle, causing a chase. After the vehicle crash a backseat passenger pointed a gun at the officer. The officer shot the backseat passenger and Jones, in the front passenger seat. The backseat passenger survived.[248]
January 27 William Howard Green 43 Oxon Hill, Maryland Officer Michael Owen Jr. handcuffed Green after a car accident and put him in the passenger seat of his vehicle, as the backseat did not have a divider. At some point, Owen got into the front seat and shot Green. Investigators were originally told that the officers believed Green was under the influence of PCP and there was a struggle, but neither were true. Owen was charged with second-degree murder and manslaughter the day after.[249]
January 28 Jaquyn Oneill Light 20 Graham, North Carolina Light ran outside his back door after police arrived and collided with Officer Marcus Pollock. The district attorney stated Pollock could have either fired accidentally or in self-defense, but the former was most likely what happened. Pollock was not charged.[250]
March 3 Manuel Ellis 33 Tacoma, Washington Manuel Ellis died during an arrest by police officers.[251] Police claimed Ellis initiated a fight,[251] while state prosecutors quoted civilian witnesses stating that police initiated physical force while Ellis did not fight back.[251] Video showed officers punching Ellis, choking him, using a taser, and kneeling on him.[252] Ellis was recorded saying he "can't breathe".[252] Ellis was hogtied, face-down, with an officer on him, for at least six minutes, and a spit hood was placed on his head, stated prosecutors.[253][254] Ellis died at the scene while receiving medical aid.[251] Ellis's death was ruled as a homicide.[251] Two officers were charged with murder; another officer was charged with manslaughter.[251]
March 12 Donnie Sanders 47 Kansas City, Missouri An officer shot and killed Sanders after he ran from a traffic stop and raised his arms "as though he had a weapon". Sanders was unarmed.[255]
March 13 Breonna Taylor 26 Louisville, Kentucky Breonna Taylor, a 26-year-old emergency medical technician, was fatally shot by Louisville Metro Police Department (LMPD) officers Jonathan Mattingly, Brett Hankison, and Myles Cosgrove on March 13, 2020. According to a wrongful death lawsuit filed against the police by the Taylor family's attorney, the officers, who were dressed in plain clothes, breached Taylor's front door with a battering ram and entered without knocking or announcing a search warrant, opened fire "with a total disregard for the value of human life".[256][257]
March 23 Daniel Prude 41 Rochester, New York Responding to a mental health call, officers physically restrained Prude and put a spit hood on him. Prude stopped breathing and was taken off life support a week later. An autopsy ruled his death a homicide.[258]
April 29 Denzel Marshal Taylor Unknown Sikeston, Missouri Officers responded to a shooting involving Milton Taylor, who identified his son Denzel as the one who shot him. Police found Denzel, who had his hands in his pockets. Taylor refused to remove his hands from his pockets and told the officers to kill him. Police then shot Taylor, who has a piece of wood in his pocket.[259]
May 25 George Floyd 46 Minneapolis, Minnesota George Floyd died when a police officer, Derek Chauvin, knelt on Floyd's neck for almost nine minutes while Floyd was handcuffed and lying face-down on the street. Two other officers further restrained Floyd and a fourth officer prevented onlookers from intervening.[260] During the final three minutes, Floyd was motionless and had no pulse. Officers made no attempt to revive him, and Chauvin's knee remained on his neck even as emergency medical technicians attempted to treat him.[261] Two autopsies found Floyd's death to be a homicide.[262][263] After a seven-week trial, on April 21, 2021, a Minnesota state jury convicted Chauvin of murdering Floyd.[264]
July 6 William Wade Burgess III 27 St. Louis, Missouri Deputy James Buchanan was driving to work when he witnessed Burgess attempting to drive over a boy and his grandfather, who he had attacked earlier. Buchanan chased Burgess and shot him in an alley. Although Buchanan had wielded a weapon during the earlier attack, he was unarmed when Buchanan shot him. Buchanan was indicted on second-degree murder and armed criminal action charges in 2021.[265]
August 7 Julian Edward Roosevelt Lewis 60 Screven County, Georgia Officer Jacob Gordon Thompson shot Lewis after performing a PIT maneuver. Thompson was charged with felony murder and aggrivated assault but the charges were later dropped.[266]
September 23 Kurt Reinhold 42 San Clemente, California After stopping Reinhold for jaywalking, a struggle broke out and Deputy Eduardo Duran shot Reinhold. The deputy claims Reinhold tried to take his weapon.[267]
October 3 Jonathan Price 31 Wolfe City, Texas Price intervened in a disturbance at a gas station. When Officer Shaun Lucas arrived, he tased then shot Price. Lucas was charged with murder two days later.[268]
October 12 Anthony Jones 24 Bethel Springs, Tennessee Following a chase Jones crashed his car and "portrayed, with actions and statements, to have a firearm," according to the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation, although no firearm was recovered. An officer from Henderson shot Jones.[269]
November 8 Frederick Cox 18 High Point, North Carolina Cox was attending a funeral for a murder victim when a drive-by shooting occurred. Cox ran to the church where the funeral was held and was holding the door open for a mother and son when Deputy Michael Shane Hill shot him in the back.[270]
November 13 Angelo Crooms 16 Cocoa, Florida Police were investigating a stolen car when they encountered Pierce and Crooms, who were borrowing the vehicle. An officer shot Pierce and Crooms, the passenger, when the vehicle drove forwards.[271]
Sincere Pierce 18
December 17 Johnny Lorenzo Bolton 49 Smyrna, Georgia Police served a no-knock warrant against Bolton. When Bolton stood up, a deputy shot him twice. A jury recommended charges against the deputy who shot Bolton.[272]
December 22 Andre Hill 47 Columbus, Ohio Two officers were responding to a call of a vehicle being turned off and on when one of them shot Hill, who was leaving a friend's garage. Hill was holding a phone at the time.[273][274][275] Officer Adam Coy was indicted on murder and several other charges in 2021.[276]

2021[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
January 1 Carl Dorsey 39 Newark, New Jersey Undercover Officer Rod Simpkins responded after hearing gunfire and shot Dorsey. Simpkins wasn't wearing a body camera but surveillance footage showed Dorsey was unarmed. Dorsey's death was the first Newark Police shooting since before 2020, which had gone without a single shooting.[277]
January 10 Patrick Warren 52 Killeen, Texas Responding to a mental health call, Officer Reynaldo Contreras tased and shot Patrick Warren as he approached the officer waving his arms. A grand jury declined to indict Contreras.[278]
February 4 Jenoah Donald 30 Hazel Dell, Washington Deputies pulled Donald over for a broken taillight. After the situation escelated, a deputy attempted to pull Donald from his vehicle. A second deputy shot Donald, later saying she feared he was reaching for an object, which a lawyer for Donald's family stated was a cordless drill.[279]
February 13 Daverion Deauntre Kinard 29 Fontana, California Kinard, who was previously spotted breaking and entering into a house, was found sitting inside a portable toilet by an officer, and would be fatally shot after unrolling his right hand to reveal a metallic object which was later determined to be a lighter.[280]
April 7 James Lionel Johnson 38 Takoma Park, Maryland David Hall Dixon, an off-duty officer with the Pentagon Force Protection Agency, shot Johnson and Williams, who he believed had stolen a car. The two men were shot after they had passed Dixon, and both were shot in the back. Dixon was charged with two counts of second-degree murder.
Dominique Williams 32
April 11 Daunte Wright 20 Brooklyn Center, Minnesota After pulling Wright over, officers attempted to arrest him for an outstanding warrant. Following a struggle, Wright got back into his car, Kimberly Potter shot him. Wright drove several blocks before hitting another vehicle.[281][282] The chief of Brooklyn Center Police said the officer who shot Wright meant to use her taser.[283]
April 14 Lindani Myeni 29 Honolulu, Hawaii Police shot and killed Myeni outside a house after a woman called to report he had broken into the building. Myeni's wife and her lawyer say Myeni mistook the house for a nearby temple. Prosecutor Steve Alm declined to file charges against the officers involved.[284][285]
May 3 La'Mello Parker 3 months Biloxi, Mississippi Parker, a three-month-old baby, was abducted by his father Eric Derell Smith after he killed Parker's mother and her nephew in Louisiana. Following a chase, a shootout occurred between Smith and police, and Parker was accidentally shot.[286]
May 4 Latoya James 37 Woodbine, Georgia James was visiting her cousin Varshan Brown when deputies served a narcotics warrant. A shootout occurred between Brown and the deputies, and James was accidentally shot. Brown was charged with James's death, and the two deputies were not indicted.[287]
June 22 Frederick Holder 28 Norwalk, California Deputies attempted to pull over Holder after seeing his van driving erratically. As they approached the car, they saw Holder holding an L-shaped object and fired. Holder was carrying a butane lighter with a handle.[288]
August 27 Fanta Bility 8 Sharon Hill, Pennsylvania After a high school football game ended two teenagers opened fire following a dispute. Officers Brian Devaney, Devon Smith and Sean Dolan fired back, striking four people, including Bility, who died. The two teenagers were initially charged with her death, but those charges were later dropped, and the three officers were charged instead.[289]
September 24 Cedric Lofton 17 Wichita, Kansas After a report by Lofton's foster family officers took him to the Sedgwick County Juvenile Intake and Assessment Center. After Lofton punched a staff member he was restrained, shackled, and handcuffed. Several minutes later, staff members were unable to find a pulse, and Lofton died at a hospital two days later. An autopsy ruled his death a homicide.[290]
October 4 Michael Craig 61 Chicago, Illinois Craig called police to report his wife was threatening him with a knife. Officer Alberto Covarrubias arrived on the scene and shot Craig. Craig's wife was charged with stabbing him.[291]
October 13 Jim Rogers 54 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Police responded after Rogers, who was homeless, was accused of stealing a bicycle, although the bike's owner stated she was giving it away and Rogers was taking it for a test ride. Police tased Rogers eight times; he fell unconscious and died a day later at a hospital. An autopsy ruled his death was accidental. Five officers were fired for their roles in Rogers's death.[292][293]
October 14 Calvin Wilks Jr. 40 Crestview, Florida Police responding to reports of a person shouting for help. Police tased Wilks, who fell unconscious and died. His death was ruled a homicide, and Officers Brandon Hardaway, William Johns and Evan Reynolds were indicted for manslaughter.[294]
December 5 Quadry Sanders 29 Lawton, Oklahoma Officers Robert Hinkle and Nathan Ronan responded to reports that Sanders was holding a gun in his home and not letting a resident leave. The two officers fired at Sanders a total of 15 times. No weapon was found on or near Sanders, and he was holding a cap when he was shot. The two officers were later charged with first-degree manslaughter.[295]
December 26 James Lowery 40 Titusville, Florida Following an assault report police pursued Lowery for a warrant. After he threw a bag of narcotics over a fence and tried to climb it. Officer Joshua Payne then fired both his firearm and taser, striking Lowery. Payne was charged with manslaughter in 2022.[296]

2022[edit]

Date Name Age City Description
January 8 Jason Walker 37 Fayetteville, North Carolina An off-duty sheriff's deputy shot and killed Walker after he allegedly jumped on the hood of the deputy's vehicle. A witness says Walker was shot while he was on the ground.[297]
February 6 Robert "Junior" Langley 46 Georgetown County, South Carolina Officer Cassandra Dollard of the Hemingway Police Department in Williamsburg County attempted to pull over Langley for disregarding a stop sign. After a chase, Langley crashed his car into a ditch in Georgetown County. As Langley attempted to exit his vehicle, Dollard shot him once in the chest. Dollard was charged with voluntary manslaughter.[298]
February 19 Donnell Rochester 18 Baltimore, Maryland Officers attempted to perform a traffic stop for failure to appear in court on a carjacking charge. Police shot Rochester after his vehicle moved forwards. On a search and seizure warrant officers stated that Rochester had struck an officer, but bodycam footage showed the officer say the car didn't hit him.[299]
February 22 Tracy Gaeta 54 Stockton, California An officer pursued Gaeta after she was suspected of hitting a police vehicle in her car. After a pursuit Gaeta backed up at a dead-end, and the officer fired 18 times. After firing several more shots, the vehicle pulled forward and reversed away from the officer. The officer then fired again over a dozen times.[300]
April 25 Herman Whitfield 39 Indianapolis, Indiana Police responding to a mental health call used a stun gun on Whitfield and restrained him despite him saying he couldn't breathe. The coroner's officer ruled Whitfield's death a homicide and said he died from "cardiopulmonary arrest in the setting of law enforcement subdual, prone restraint and conducted electrical weapon use".[301]
April 27 Jalen Randle 29 Houston, Texas An officer shot Randle after a chase after he exited his vehicle. The officer who shot him started to give a command but fired before finishing his sentence, hitting Randle in the back of the neck. Randle was holding a shoe and a bag.[302]
June 26 Jayland Walker 25 Akron, Ohio Walker, 25, was shot following an attempted traffic stop and foot chase. Officers fired more than 90 bullets at Walker, who sustained 60 wounds. Footage of the shooting was released one week later, on July 3, 2022.[303]
July 8 Roderick Brooks 47 Houston, Texas Deputy Garrett Hardin responded to a shoplifting report at a Dollar General and encountered Brooks. After Hardin tased and restrained Brooks a struggle occurred, and Hardin shot Brooks in the back of the head. Bodycam footage shows Brooks grab the taser, but he had never pointed the taser at Hardin and let go of it by the time Hardin shot him.[304]
July 21 Raymond Chaluisant 18 New York City, New York An off-duty corrections officer shot and killed Chaluisant, who had a gel blaster. It is unclear if the gel blaster was fired, but the Correction Officers' Benevolent Association claimed the gel blaster had hit the officer in the back. The corrections officer failed to report the shooting and was arrested the next day.[305]
July 28 Kyle Dail 30 Dallas, Texas Police attempted to arrest Dail after a reported drug deal. According to police Dail pulled out a firearm and threw it down an aisle, shortly after which an officer shot him.[306]

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