List of unbuilt autoroutes of Quebec

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The following is a list and description of former and unbuilt Quebec autoroutes.

Former Autoroutes[edit]

Autoroute 51[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 51.svg
Autoroute 51

Joseph-Armand-Bombardier Autoroute

Existed: 1974 – 1982
(renumbered as A-55)
Length: 9 km (6 mi)
South end: Route 116 near Melbourne
North end: A-20 (TCH) in Drummondville

Autoroute 55 south of Autoroute 20 to Route 116 was co-designated Autoroute 51 until 1982. By 1983, official documents had removed the Autoroute 51 designation from its section of Autoroute 55. In the 1970s, there were plans to extend Autoroute 51 north of Autoroute 20 to a proposed easterly extension of Autoroute 30 near Yamaska.[1]

Autoroute 430[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 430.svg
Autoroute 430

Marie Victorin Autoroute

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: n/a
South end: A-15 / A-30 in Candiac
Major
junctions:
A-10 / A-15 / A-20 in Brossard
A-20 (TCH) / A-25 (TCH) in Longueuil
North end: A-30 in Varennes

Autoroute 430 was proposed to connect Candiac to Sainte-Julie. The section between Candiac and Boucherville was constructed but remained unsigned, instead being signed as part of part of Route 132 with a 13 km (8 mi) concurrency with Autoroute 15 and a 15 km (9 mi) concurrency with Autroute 20.

Initially, Highway 20 was to pass through Downtown Montreal along present-day Autoroute 720 (Autoroute Ville-Marie) corridor, join Autoroute 25, and cross the St. Lawrence River via the Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine Bridge–Tunnel. Autoroute 20 was to pass temporarily on the south shore (the overlap with Route 132), and once the initial route was constructed, the south shore section would be renumbered to Autoroute 430. The Autoroute Ville-Marie extension was cancelled and Autoroute 20 is permanently routed on the south shore, resulting in the Autoroute 430 designation being cancelled. The exit numbers on Autoroute 20 were adjusted in 2012.

The northern part of Autoroute 430 between the freeway section of Route 132 in Boucherville and Autoroute 30 in Sainte-Julie was not constructed.[2][better source needed][3]

Autoroute 540 (Vaudreuil-Dorion)[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 540.svg
Autoroute 540
Existed: 1967 – 2012
(renumbered as A-30)
Length: 4.9 km (3 mi)
South end: A-20 in Vaudreuil-Dorion
North end: A-40 (TCH) in Vaudreuil-Dorion

The Vaudreuil-Dorion segment of Autoroute 540 was a short connection between Autoroute 20 and Autoroute 40. It became part of Autoroute 30 in when its extension was completed in December 2012.

Autoroute 550[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 550.svg
Autoroute 550

Autoroute Deschênes
Britannia-Deschênes Corridor

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: n/a
West end: Highway 416 in Ottawa
East end: A-50 in Gatineau

Autoroute 550 would have served as a bypass of Gatineau and would have been a link across the Ottawa River to Highway 416 in the west end of Ottawa.[4][better source needed] It also would have alleviated traffic along Autoroute 50 and Autoroute 5 in Gatineau, as well as traffic along Highway 417 and in downtown Ottawa. In 1996, the Quebec Ministry of Transportation stated in 1996 that there was no need for a Gatineau bypass, but it is keeping the corridor for a possible future boulevard or freeway in partnership with the National Capital Commission.[5][6]

In 2006, the National Capital Capital Commission began a study about a new inter-provincial bridge between Ottawa and Gatineau;[7] however, the focus is located east of downtown Ottawa and the Britannia-Deschênes Corridor was not included as part of the study.[8]

Unbuilt Autoroutes[edit]

Autoroute 6[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 6.svg
Autoroute 6

Richelieu Autoroute
Autoroute Haut-Richelieu

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: 55 km (34 mi)
South end: A-15 in La Prairie
Major
junctions:
A-30 in La Prairie
A-35 in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
North end: Route 235 in Farnham

Proposed in the 1960s, Autoroute 6 was planned to run from Autoroute 15 in La Prairie to Farnham, also intersecting Autoroute 30 and Autoroute 35; it would have paralleled Route 104. The western half of the route was cancelled by the mid-1970s while the rest of the route was abandoned a few years later. Reconstruction of Autoroute 15 through La Prairie in the mid-2000s removed a grassy median at km 49 where ramps were to be built for a directional T-interchange to connect with Autoroute 6.[9][10]

Autoroute 9[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 9 (2).svg
Autoroute 9

Pointe Fortune-Lachute Autoroute

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: 12 km (7 mi)
South end: A-40 (TCH) in Pointe-Fortune
North end: A-50 in Lachute

Proposed in the 1960s and early 1970s, Autoroute 9 was planned to run from Autoroute 40 in Pointe-Fortune to Autoroute 50 in Lachute, providing a fixed crossing over the Ottawa River. Evidence of the proposed Autoroute 9 can be found in the form of a wide median on Autoroute 40 (to accommodate a Y-interchange) just east of Exit 1 in Pointe-Fortune.[11]

Autoroute 13[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 13.svg
Autoroute 13

Pointe Fortune-Lachute Autoroute

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: 25 km (16 mi)
South end: A-13 / A-640 in Boisbriand
North end: A-50 in Mirabel

Portion only: There was a proposal to extend Autoroute 13 from Autoroute 640 in Boisbriand to Autoroute 50 near Mirabel Airport. Since Mirabel Airport ceased passenger operations in 2004, the A-13 extension was de-prioritised.[12][13]

Autoroute 15[edit]

Autoroute 15
Location: Montréal

Portion only: There was a fully funded proposal to bypass the Autoroute 15 concurrency along Autoroute 40 (known as Autoroute Métropolitaine or "the Met" between the two segments of Autoroute 15) by diverging from its present alignment south of the Henri-Bourassa/Sauve exit to connect directly from the North into the Decarie interchange.[citation needed]

Autoroute 16[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 16.svg
Autoroute 16

Autoroute Wilfrid-Laurier

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: 9 km (6 mi)
South end: A-30 in Longueuil
North end: Jacques Cartier Bridge

Reserved for Autoroute conversion of Boulevard Wilfrid-Laurier (Route 116). Presently, 9 km (6 mi) of Autoroute-grade lanes exist from Autoroute 30 intersection to the Jacques Cartier Bridge with a 90 km/h (56 mph) posted speed limit.

Autoroute 18[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 18.svg
Autoroute 18

Autoroute des Bois-Francs

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: n/a
West end: A-55 in Victoriaville
East end: A-65 (proposed) in Plessisville

In the 1970s, Autoroute 18 was proposed to extend east from Autoroute 55 through Victoriaville toward Autoroute 65 (also unbuilt) in Plessisville.[14]

Autoroute 20[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 20.svg
Autoroute 20

Autoroute du Souvenir

Vaudreuil-Dorion section
Length: 8 km (5 mi)
West end: A-20 / A-30 in Vaudreuil-Dorion
East end: A-20 / Boulevard Don-Guichotte in L'Île-Perrot
Downtown Montréal section
Length: 15 km (9 mi)
West end: A-15 / A-20 in Montréal
East end: A-25 (TCH) in Montréal

Portions only: Autoroute 20 has two unbuilt sections, one bypassing Dorion and another the continuation of the present Autoroute 720, joining Autoroute 25 north of the tunnel.

The proposed alignment of the Dorion bypass would have began at present-Autoroute 30 (formerly Autoroute 540), crossed the Ottawa River at the Hydro transmission wire crossing, and joined the current route at Boulevard Don-Guichotte. Current plans are to move the proposed highway slightly north between the eastern bridge entrance to the town of Dorion and the last junction at Boulevard Harwood (Route 342).[citation needed]

The section east of the current Ville-Marie tunnel was supposed to be designated Autoroute 20 but will be redesignated to Route 136 once the urban boulevard east of the current freeway is completed. The highway is currently routed from the Turcot interchange along Autoroute 15, over the Champlain Bridge, and then east on Route 132 towards Autoroute 25 at the southern end of the tunnel.[15]

Autoroute 35[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 35.svg
Autoroute 35

Autoroute de la Vallée-des-Forts

Existed: Proposed
Length: 16 km (10 mi)
South end: I-89 at the Canada-U.S. border
North end: A-35 / Route 133 in Saint-Sébastien

Portions only: Autoroute 35 is still incomplete. When the highway was first built in the 1960s, it ended in Iberville at the northern end of Route 133 at intersection of rue Lefort. Around 2009, it was announced that the Autoroute would be completed by 2017 where the process involved four phases with the first two completed in 2014.[16] Autoroute 35 is now extended from the previous terminus in Iberville to Route 133 at Saint-Sébastien. The last two phases involve continuing the highway southeast of the current terminus to Phillipsburg, construction of an interchange on Route 133 at Phillipsburg, and following Route 133 to Interstate 89 at the Vermont border. There is currently no timeline for these phases.[17]

Autoroute 40[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 40.svg
Autoroute 40

Autoroute Félix-Leclerc

Trois-Rivières section
Length: 11 km (7 mi)[18]
West end: A-40 / A-55 in Trois-Rivières
East end: A-40 in Trois-Rivières
Quebec City section
Length: 12 km (7 mi)[19]
West end: A-40 in Quebec City
East end: A-40 / A-73 / A-573 in Quebec City

Two sections of Autoroute 40 were not part of the original plans. The original intention was to bypass Trois-Rivières to the north, while the existing Autoroute 40 through downtown would have been Autoroute 755, avoiding its present concurrency with Autoroute 55. In addition, a different route was originally planned around Sainte-Foy (now in the west end of Quebec City) south of Jean Lesage International Airport, while the existing 12 km (7.5 mi) segment of Autoroute 40 between Sainte-Augustin and Autoroute 73 would have been the western end of Autoroute 440. Both right-of-ways are still maintained.[18][19]

Autoroute 65[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 65.svg
Autoroute 65

Autoroute de l'Amiante

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: 50 km (31 mi)
South end: Route 112 in Thetford Mines
North end: A-20 (TCH) in Villeroy

Autoroute 65 was proposed in the 1970s and would have linked Thetford Mines to Autoroute 20 at Villeroy. It may have been planned as far south as an easterly extension of Autoroute 10 near Lambton.[20]

Autoroute 415[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 415.svg
Autoroute 415

Mount Royal Autoroute
(Downtown loop – northern leg)

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: 7 km (4 mi)
South end: A-15 in Montréal
North end: A-19 (unbuilt section) in Montreal

Autoroute 415 had been proposed as the number of a planned autoroute in Montreal. This road was proposed in 1960, and would have connected Autoroute 15 (the Décarie Autoroute) at Monkland Avenue to Autoroute 19 at Rachel Street (on a connection between the present Autoroute 19 and the Jacques Cartier Bridge that was never built).

In its 1960 master highway plan, the Montreal Metropolitan Committee proposed a new 7 km (4.3 mi) long autoroute along the city's east-west street grid at the northern edge of downtown. The six-lane autoroute was forecast to handle as many as 4,500 vehicles per hour during weekday peak periods. Beginning at the Decarie Autoroute at Monkland Avenue in the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce section of the city (at the current EXIT 66 on Autoroute 15), the Mount Royal Autoroute was to extend in a northeasterly direction through Westmount underneath Mount Royal Park before emerging above ground at Rachel Street connecting to the unbuilt Autoroute 19 section of what is now Papineau Avenue.[21]

Autoroute 640[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 640.svg
Autoroute 640

Autoroute de Contournement Nord de Montréal
North Belt Autoroute

Existed: Project cancelled
Length: n/a
East end: A-640 / Route 344 in Oka
West end: A-40 (TCH) in Vaudreuil-Dorion

Portion only: The initial plan for Autoroute 640 was to continue west from Oka, crossing Lac des Deux Montagnes, to Autoroute 40 in Vaudreuil-Dorion, potentially passing through Oka National Park and Aboriginal lands. The political sensitivity involved with constructing a freeway through a protected area and the 1990 land dispute regarding a golf course expansion have decreased the likelihood of the extension.[22]

Autoroute 755[edit]

Quebec Autoroute 755.svg
Autoroute 755

Autoroute de Francheville

Existed: 1977 – 1980s
Length: 10 km (6 mi)
West end: A-55 in Trois-Rivières
East end: A-40 in Trois-Rivières

Autoroute 755 is in service but is currently part of Autoroute 40. Originally, Autoroute 40 was to avoid the downtown area of Trois-Rivières and to pass north of its current alignment, continuing east from the north Autoroute 40 / Autoroute 55 interchange (A-40 coming from Montréal) to "the curve", near Rue Courteau. The present alignment of Autoroute 40 in the downtown area would have been designated as Autoroute 755.[23]

It existed briefly in the mid-1980s under the name of Autoroute de Francheville, but was incorporated into Autoroute 40 when the construction of the original route was suspended.[24][better source needed]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Joseph-Armand-Bombardier Autoroute (A-51)". Quebec Autoroutes. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Autoroute 430 (Quebec)". Wikipédia (in French). Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Autoroute 430(A-430)". Quebec Autoroutes. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Autoroute 550 (Quebec)". Wikipédia (in French). Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Deschênes Autoroute". Quebec Autoroutes. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Plan de transport de l'Outaouais: 1996-2011" (PDF). Ministère des Transports du Québec (in French). September 1996. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 27, 2006. Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Background". Interprovincial Crossings Environmental Assessment. National Capital Commission. Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Presentation of the Draft Terms of Reference for the Environmental Assessment Study of Future Interprovincial Crossings in the National Capital Region". City of Ottawa. June 27, 2007. Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Richelieu Autoroute (A-6, unbuilt)". Montreal Roads. Retrieved June 21, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Autoroute 6 (A-6)". Quebec Autoroutes. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Pointe Fortune-Lachute Autoroute (A-9, unbuilt)". Montreal Roads. Retrieved June 21, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Chomedey Autoroute (A-13)". Montreal Roads. Retrieved June 21, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Autoroute Chomedey (A-13)". Quebec Autoroutes. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved June 21, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Autoroute des Bois-Francs (A-18)". Quebec Autoroutes. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Jean-Lesage Autoroute (A-20)". Archived from the original on February 2, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  16. ^ "Autoroute de la Vallée-des-Forts (35) - Prolongement - Transports Québec". Transport, Mobilite durable et Electrification des transport (in French). Quebec. 
  17. ^ "Quebec's longest highway construction project, A-35, still not finished". Global News. July 8, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  18. ^ a b Google (June 23, 2017). "Unbuilt A-40 in Trois-Rivières, Quebec" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  19. ^ a b Google (June 23, 2017). "Unbuilt A-40 in Quebec City, Quebec" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  20. ^ "de l'Amiante Autoroute (A-65)". Quebec Autoroutes. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Mount Royal Autoroute (unbuilt)". Montreal Roads. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  22. ^ "North Belt Autoroute (A-640)". Montreal Roads. Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Francheville Autoroute (A-755)". Quebec Autoroutes. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved June 23, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Autoroute 755 (Quebec)". Wikipédia (in French). Retrieved June 23, 2017.