List of unidentified murder victims in the United States

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Los Angeles County John Doe who was found in California has remained unidentified since 1968.

Of the thousands of people murdered every year in the United States, some remain unidentified. Many victims are not identified for years or even decades after they were killed—as in the case of Tammy Jo Alexander, who was murdered in 1979 and remained unidentified until 2015.[1] Including both murder victims and those who died of other causes, about 40,000 bodies remain unidentified in the United States.[2][3]

Contents

Alabama[edit]

Tuscaloosa County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
Sketch
Second sketch

The body of a white female aged thirty-four to thirty-eight was found in Slaughter Creek, near the Sipsey River in Romulus, Tuscaloosa County, Alabama on April 18, 1982.[4] The victim had been beaten, strangled and sexually assaulted. She was 5 feet 4 inches tall and weighed approximately 110 to 115 pounds. She wore tennis shoes, knitted blue pants, a long-sleeved blue shirt, and white undergarments. It is possible that she was fishing at the area and was killed at the scene, as a disturbance of the earth was found at the location.[5] She had a ruddy complexion (indicating that she regularly engaged in outdoor activity), wore an upper partial denture, may have given birth to a child in the past, and showed evidence of having done manual labor. She had dark-brown, shoulder-length hair and brown eyes.[6] She also had a visible scar under her right eyebrow. Her remains were exhumed in 2013 for additional examination and to obtain a DNA sample.[7][8]

Etowah County John Doe[edit]

External images
NCMEC reconstruction
Profile

On May 29, 1998, the skeletonized remains of a black male were found by fishermen in the Coosa River in Gadsden, Etowah County, Alabama. There were multiple bullet wounds to the skull, and stab wounds to the sacrum and right hipbone. Evidence of burning was also present. He was aged between seventeen and twenty-one at the time of death, and had been five feet six to five feet eight inches tall. Although a forensic reconstruction of the skull was performed to aid identification, the jawline is only an approximation as the mandible was never found.[9] The remaining maxillary teeth showed no evidence of fillings, possibly indicating a lack of dental care when alive. Some of the teeth had been fractured before death, possibly by using them to open a bottle.[10] One or both hands and one or more limbs were not recovered.[11]

Opelika Jane Doe[edit]

Opelika Jane Doe

The skull of a girl of African heritage was discovered on January 28, 2012 in Opelika, Alabama and several other bones were also recovered. The victim was concealed in the woods near a trailer park. Examiners concluded that she was between four and seven years old and had black hair. She was also presumed to have been "abused and malnourished" while alive and the death is presumed to be murder. Her height, weight and eye color could not be determined because of the state of her remains.[12] The girl had likely died between 2011 and 2012. The victim has since been reconstructed by the FBI Victims Identification Project and currently has her DNA being processed to compare to potential matches.[13]

She was reconstructed in 2016 by the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. Subsequently, the photographs of an unidentified child seen at a vacation bible school in 2011. The child seen alive appeared to be neglected and could have suffered abuse, as she had visual damage to one of her eyes.[14]

Alaska[edit]

"One-Eyed Jack"[edit]

One Eyed Jack's lower jaw was not found; the jawline depicted is an estimation.

On August 20, 1979, the skeletal remains of a man were found in Tok, Alaska. The victim apparently hitchhiked to Alaska in 1978 with another man and was then murdered by his companion. He was 6 feet tall, weighed about 185 pounds, and was less than 40 years old when he was killed. The man's left eye was missing. He wore a leather eye patch, which may play a role in his future identification. Other features include that he had long brown hair worn with a headband.[15] The likeness of One Eyed Jack was created by police sketch artist Carl Koppelman. The image is based on only the cranium as the lower jaw was not recovered.

"Eklutna Annie"[edit]

The body of a young woman was discovered on July 21, 1980, in Eklutna, Anchorage, Alaska.

She was in her late teens or early twenties.[16] Serial killer Robert Hansen confessed to murdering her, claiming she was a prostitute or a dancer whom he stabbed in the back as she attempted to escape from his vehicle.

"Horseshoe Harriet"[edit]

The remains of a woman were found on April 25, 1984,[17] near Horseshoe Lake in Palmer, Alaska.[18] She had been stabbed and shot.[19] Like Eklutna Annie, she is believed to have been a victim of serial killer Robert Hansen, who led police to her body.[20]

Horseshoe Harriet was between 5 feet 2 inches and 5 feet 6 inches tall. She was most likely between the ages of 19 and 20 when she was murdered.[21] Along with her remains were found a scarf, coat, brassiere, tennis shoes, a sweater, jeans, socks, and leg warmers. Other items found were cigarettes, a comb, a compact, and condoms.[22] Her remains were exhumed in 2014 for additional forensic examination.[20][23][24]

Arizona[edit]

"Little Miss X"[edit]

External images
Facial reconstruction of Little Miss X
Composite sketch of the victim
Personal items found at the crime scene

The skeletonized remains of a girl, nicknamed "Little Miss X," were found on a desolate road 10 miles southeast of the Grand Canyon in Coconino County, Arizona on October 31, 1958. Although no cause of death could be determined, the case has always been considered to be a homicide.[25]

The girl was a white American with possible Hispanic or Latino ancestry, and she is estimated to have been between 11 and 14 years old at the time of her death. She was between 5 ft and 5 ft 3 in (150 and 160 cm) in height.[26] It was determined that she had died 9 to 14 months before her bones were found.[27]

The victim had received good dental care during her life, having seven fillings in four of her teeth. Her hair had been dyed a light brown but was naturally dark brown in color.[28] Numerous personal items belonging to the victim were found at the crime scene: a 10-carat gold chain, a small jar of Pond's cold cream, a white nylon comb, a small white powder puff with traces of sun-tan colored powder, and a small, blue, plastic nail file case with the indentation of the letter "P" and a hand-printed capital "R" next to it.[29]

No clothing was found upon the remains. However, a white wool cardigan short-sleeved sweater, a white cotton size 34C bra, and brown Capri pants with a green and red plaid design were found at the scene. Investigators deduced that the victim had been stripped naked prior to, or shortly after, being killed. A pair of white panties was also found, although they appeared to be too large for the victim.[30][31]

Her body was exhumed in 1962 for further examination; however, as a result of poor record keeping, no records exist to indicate where Little Miss X was reburied.[31] The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children has since released a facial reconstruction image of her.[29]

"Valentine Sally"[edit]

Reconstruction of Valentine Sally
External images
Digital 3D reconstruction
Sweater
Jeans
Composite sketch

The face-down body of a white female, aged seventeen to twenty-four was discovered under a tree in Williams, Coconino County, Arizona, on February 14, 1982. She was found lying under a cedar tree about 25 feet from Westbound Interstate 40. The area was a place where trucks would regularly pull over to cool their brakes. Death had occurred on or around February 1.[32] Because the remains were located on Valentine's Day, the victim was nicknamed "Valentine Sally." The victim was approximately five feet five inches tall and weighed 120 pounds and had strawberry blond hair, which was straight and around ten inches long, and blue eyes. The victim, who was killed by either suffocation or strangulation,[33] wore Seasons brand jeans with a handkerchief and an earring in her left ear. It is unknown if her right was pierced, as the right ear was not recovered. A distinct white sweater with thin red stripes and a bra were found near the remains, which may have belonged to the victim. It is possible that the victim was seen at a truck stop in Ash Fork, Arizona in early February of the same year. Patty Wilkins a waitress at the Monte Carlo Truck Stop remembers a young girl, aged 16 or 17 who had been asking for aspirin because of a tooth ache. This girl did not want any food. She was seen with an older male, possibly a father or uncle who expressed concern over her teeth. Patty believed the girl was with a relative as normally if a runaway came in, she would call the sheriff. The pair came in at 3AM and left an hour later. Valentine Sally appeared to have an incomplete root canal on one of her molars, which may have caused an infection that she suffered from. She has a lower molar prepared for a root canal approximately one week before her death. Distinct marks upon the body were a scar on her right thigh and on her left foot.[34] In 1984, the girl was misidentified as a runaway, who was later located alive in 1986. Because of decomposition and scavenging animals, her fingerprints could not be obtained, although her DNA and dental charts were.[35][36]

Arkansas[edit]

El Dorado Jane Doe[edit]

External image
Photograph prior to victim's death

A woman estimated to be anywhere between eighteen and thirty years of age was found deceased on July 10, 1991 in El Dorado, Arkansas in Room 121 of the Whitehall Motel. The decedent used multiple names, including Cheryl Ann Wick (which she used from a stolen identification card), Kelly Carr/Karr, Shannon Wiley, and Mercedes. She was known to have lived in various states prior to her death, including Texas, where she apparently worked as a prostitute. Other reports explain she had been arrested in the past, using several of her aliases and had possibly been involved in a bank robbery on the East Coast.[37] She had been shot by her boyfriend who was convicted of the murder but she remains unidentified.[38]

Benton County John Doe[edit]

External image
Sketch

The decomposed remains of a man were discovered in the Beaver Lake in Rogers, Benton County, Arkansas on October 16, 1996. His body was concealed in a sleeping bag which had floated to the surface, possibly after breaking loose from what may have been weighing it down. He was a white male between thirty and sixty years old, standing at five feet nine inches to five feet eleven inches tall, with a case of myositis ossificans on one of his arms. He may have been subjected to heavy labor in life, possibly being a logger or a weight lifter. His teeth had been stained, perhaps from coffee or tobacco use. He had at least one tooth removed along with having one filling; his front teeth showed a large amount of wear. He had suffered a blow to the forehead with a blunt instrument, dying in as early as 1995. Along with the sleeping bag, two pillows were found that belonged to a medical center and the deteriorated remnants of boxer shorts and one sock were worn by the man.[39]

Pulaski County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Bracelet

The skeleton of a black woman between eighteen and forty years of age was discovered in Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas on August 18, 2002. She had been shot in the head and was hidden underneath a pile of insulation. She wore several articles of clothing, some which were designed for men. Several pennies and a dollar bill were found in the pockets of her shirt and windbreaker pants. Her nose had been broken and her septum was reportedly slanted to the left side. Multiple ribs had previously healed from fractures.[40]

California[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Gilpin County Jane Doe[edit]

Gilpin County Jane Doe, reconstructed after she was found in 1952

The burned body of a woman was found on September 30, 1952 in a forest near Highway 119 in Blackhawk, Gilpin County, Colorado. The victim had been placed under a log that was set afire after being doused with an accelerant approximately twenty-to thirty days before the remains were found. The victim was believed to be between twenty-five and thirty years old at the time of her murder, although she could have been as young as seventeen.[41] Her hair is believed to have been dark in color, which was found attached to the skull and she was approximately five feet seven inches tall.[42] Because of the condition of her body, her weight and race are unknown, as her remains were deteriorated to the point that they weighed fourteen pounds. One of the legs was severed from the body, which may have been caused due to animal activity. The victim had an overbite, which has been described as fairly noticeable. Jewelry found at the scene included a necklace with rhinestones and three earrings. Burned clothing was also found; a light blue sequin top, jeans and a shoe were all recovered, but were in fragments. A lipstick container, an electric razor, purse and man's ring were found at the scene as well. She was believed to have been hit on the head with a bloody stick nearby before being burned, although it is not known if she was killed after the blow. The stick and one of the earrings was found by a woman who visited the scene after hearing about the case. The man who discovered the remains, Charles Damoth, was initially believed by authorities to be the killer, although his daughter believes otherwise. At least five others were ruled out as possible perpetrators. Damoth admitted to finding the body days before reporting the killing, which some have found suspicious. He claimed he also had cut wood in the area, including the log found on her body. One person also stated they had seen Damoth's truck near the scene around the time the victim was estimated to have died. Polygraph tests used on the suspect never revealed additional evidence. This murder is also referred to as the "Pyre Case," and the victim has also been nicknamed as "Maria."[43]

El Paso County John Doe[edit]

External image
3D reconstruction

The skeleton of a male was found on November 3, 1986, a year or less after his death. The five feet five, thirty-five to forty-year-old man was shot and also had blunt-force trauma to the face.[44][45][46] The remains were located in a field in El Paso County, Colorado. He had brown hair and was wearing a blue-green sweatshirt along with a pair of jeans.[47][48]

"Rainbow Falls Doe"[edit]

External images
Sketch
3D reconstruction
Shirt
Pendants

Approximately two to three days after her death, the body of a female between thirteen and twenty-five years old (most likely under twenty) was found in Douglas County, Colorado on June 15, 1993. Although she had expired recently, her remains were decomposing and unrecognizable, which made her eye color impossible to distinguish.[49] It is believed that she died from blunt-force trauma and was abandoned in a campsite in the Rainbow Falls Campground, located in the San Isabel National Forest. Her hair, possibly dyed, was a blond or light brown color and was shoulder-length. She wore a black Harley Davidson shirt and several pieces of jewelry; a yellow metal ring on her pinky, a yellow metal necklace with a black crystal pendant, another necklace with hands clasping a tiger eye crystal ball. Her ears were also pierced, her left contained a stud with a clear stone. Her fingernails were either cut or chewed very short. She was stocky with large breasts and hips.[50] The girl's body was partially clothed but she had not been raped, although she could still have been molested. It is possible that she may have come to Colorado to a Vietnam Vets motorcycle club convention or may have been a runaway teenager from Louisiana. She was between five feet six to five feet eight inches tall at a weight of 140 pounds, as she was of stocky build.[51] The victim had her spleen removed in the past, which left a vertical scar on her abdomen. She had very healthy teeth. Two wisdom teeth were removed and two were impacted. There is evidence that at some stage in her life she was very well cared for. She was in good health. [52] She is buried at Cedar Hill Cemetery in Castle Rock, Colorado.

Saguache County John Doe[edit]

External image
Sketch

The body of a male was discovered on October 12, 2002 in Saguache, Saguache County, Colorado. He had been shot in the head twice at a minimal distance and left in a ravine. He had been wrapped in a handmade, antique quilt, and wrapped again in black plastic secured with duct tape. He is believed to have been asleep when killed. The victim was six feet five inches tall and was estimated to weigh between 235 and 240 pounds. Although he was toothless, no dentures were found. He was estimated to have been between the ages of thirty and forty. He wore a motorcycle jacket with the words "Fort Washington, Maryland" and black shorts. It is possible that he was attending a motorcycle-related gathering at the time of his death.[53]

Connecticut[edit]

New Haven County John Doe[edit]

On August 9, 1923 the badly decomposed remains of an unknown male were found on Milford Townpike in West Haven near the New Haven County Home. "John Doe" was estimated to be about 27 years old; had brown hair; stood 5 feet 7 inches; weighed about 150 pounds. He wore a brown striped suit and under one arm had a chauffeur's cap. He had a cloth gag in his mouth and there appeared to be two bullet wounds in his chest-he was apparently killed by strangulation.[54] The victim was killed by serial killer Carl Panzram;[55] this "John Doe" was one of the few victims of Panzram that can be confirmed. It is alleged that the victim was about 16 years old[56] and was either the nephew or a son of a New York Policeman.[57]

New Haven County Jane Doe[edit]

Composite of the New Haven County Jane Doe

On August 16, 1975, the body of a white female between eighteen and twenty-eight years of age was discovered in East Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut. The victim was bound and gagged, nude, floating in a drainage ditch behind a building. The woman was killed by strangulation, at least five days prior to the discovery, although her face was recognizable. Antenna wires were visible around her neck, waist and legs and she was then wrapped in a tarp, which was secured with an electrical cord. It is believed that she was not killed at the location where her body was discovered. The victim was around five feet six inches tall and weighed 125 pounds, with dark brown hair and hazel or brown eyes.[58] She may have had a rhinoplasty, which is a cosmetic surgery to reshape a person's nose. This may be a contributing factor for her to remain unidentified, as those who knew her in life before the possible surgery would be less likely to recognize the composite. She may also have had braces at one point in her life and had both ears pierced; she wore silver-colored earrings.[59] No evidence of her murderer was left behind, except for white spots of paint on the tarp.[60] Her murder could possibly be linked to that of a man who was murdered and disposed of in a similar manner, as well as serial killings in the area.[61][62] She is buried in an unmarked grave in the State Street Cemetery in Hamden, Connecticut.[63][64]

Delaware[edit]

New Castle County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Profile

A possible victim of Henry Lee Lucas was found in a field in Townsend, New Castle County, Delaware on June 27, 1977. Examination of the bones concluded that she was a middle aged woman, the mother of approximately two children and had various dental problems, as well as a spinal condition, at the age of thirty-five to fifty. Her dental problems may have been due to smoking, as a large amount of tar was found in her mouth, which also had a removable plate and many fillings. Despite the various types of dental work, the quality of the procedures was of fairly low quality. One of the bones of one of her right fingers was broken, possibly from defending herself from the killer. She may have been native to Michigan, which has led investigators to believe that Lucas had been involved, as he had given statements in prison describing a similar crime scene as well as claiming he had murdered a Michigan woman in the same area.[65]

Odessa Jane Doe[edit]

The Odessa Jane Doe had excellent dental care
Comparison of another reconstruction of the Odessa Jane Doe with her skull

The skeleton of a woman aged twenty to thirty-five (although she may have been up to forty-five)[66] was found on November 25, 1993 in Odessa, New Castle County, Delaware.[67] The body had been left in the William J. Baxter Memorial Park, approximately three months before it was found. The woman had very healthy teeth that showed no signs of staining, although there was evidence of some crowding at the back of her mouth. She was approximately five feet one to five feet two inches tall, but because of the state of the remains, the weight was not possible to estimate. Her hair was a dark brown, but the color of hair in other regions are unknown. After examining the pelvis, it was concluded that she may have given birth at one time.[68] The cause of her death was not apparent, but is believed to have been foul play.[69] Most of the bones from the digits of her hands and feet were not found, along with two other types of bones. No clothing was found at the site and thirteen people have been excluded as possibly identities of the victim.[70]

Kent County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Profile
Watch

On July 20, 1997, the skeleton of a brown-haired woman was found by a hiker in an area hidden by trees in Camden, Kent County, Delaware, near the border of Maryland.[71] It is believed that the woman had been killed by blows to the head, as damage to her skull suggested. She was of middle age, between forty and fifty-five, although she may have been up to sixty at the time of the murder. The victim was white, between five feet three to five feet eight inches tall and weighed approximately 120 pounds. The victim had likely broken her wrist at one point during her life, which had happened long before she died. Other bones also showed evidence of previous injury and her knees also indicated she could have suffered from arthritis. She wore a denture on the top of her mouth; one of the eyeteeth were missing.[72] The victim was found wearing nothing but a blue hair clip and a watch.[73] Due to injuries that occurred before death, the way the woman walked may have been affected by damage to the bones in one of the legs. Her body was at the scene for three months to two years.[74]

New Castle County John Doe[edit]

New Castle County John Doe

On October 17, 1994, a Hispanic man's body was found in New Castle County, Delaware, near a wooded area next to a road. The cause of his death was not apparent, but because his body was concealed in a sheet, authorities presume he was murdered. The body was discovered by a truck driver who noticed a screw and a glove on the side of the road and then inspected a suspicious bundle nearby.[75] He was 138 pounds and five feet five inches tall at the estimated age range of twenty-five to thirty-five years of age. The man was described to have been "well groomed" and had neat dark hair and a mustache and manicured nails and healthy teeth. He had a large amount of body hair, which was shaved under the arms and in the pubic region. It is believed that he was of Central-American descent. He wore a grayish shirt, large dark shorts underneath khakis with a brown belt, white socks, underwear and no shoes. He carried fifteen single dollars along with a nickel, which were created across the United States.[76]

Florida[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Fulton County Jane Doe[edit]

External image
Image of tattoo
A woman who died in 1988 is known for her tattoo of the word "Jesus" on her hand

On January 13, 1988 in Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, a woman between thirty and forty was discovered alive, after suffering an injury to the head, which was believed to have been committed by another person within hours of her discovery. She lived for five additional days until she died at a local hospital. She had the word "Jesus" tattooed to her right hand. She was between five feet and five feet two inches and weighed 105 pounds. The victim had strawberry blond hair that was nearly one foot long and green eyes. Three scars were found on her abdomen, possibly from surgery and another was found on her right arm. She had received some dental care, as gold crowns were found on two of her molars.[77] The woman wore a brown coat, thermal underwear, panties, a gray vest, jeans, pajamas and tennis shoes. Along with these, she wore a watch.[78]

Jenkins County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
NCMEC reconstruction
Sketch

A teenage female of Asian or mixed Caucasian and Asian descent was discovered in a dumpster on February 14, 1988 in Millen, Jenkins County, Georgia.[79] The body was concealed by plastic, which was then duct taped and placed inside of a duffel bag. The victim died from asphyxiation and was not discovered until four to seven days afterwards. Examiners concluded she was between five feet five and five feet six inches; she weighed between 135 and 140 pounds and had long and brown hair. She had her left wisdom teeth missing as well as having crooked teeth, but they were apparently well-cared for. One of her molars was removed not long before she was murdered.[80] Her age range was determined to have been from sixteen to twenty-five.[81] Along with her body, some bedding material was also found.[82]

Rising Fawn Jane Doe[edit]

External images
Sketch
Additional sketch
3D reconstruction

A Caucasian girl (also known as Pamela Doe)[83] between sixteen and twenty-five was discovered in Rising Fawn, Dade County, Georgia, on December 16, 1988, near the state border. The victim was around five feet seven inches, weighing between 120 and 125 pounds. Her hair was reddish with frosted ends, and she had dark eyes. She had been both strangled and sexually abused.[84] The clothing the victim wore included a large dark blue pullover shirt, jeans and black shoes. She wore two pieces of jewelry, a gold necklace and a ring with gold heart-shaped design on her left hand.[85] She may have been a runaway or a hitchhiker.[86][87][88][89][90]

Idaho[edit]

Snake River John Doe[edit]

External images
Sketch
Profile

The body of a white male was discovered in the Snake River, near Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho on July 26, 1982, after his death, which was two to three weeks prior.[91] The Doe Network gives a longer estimated time of death to have been as early as January 1982. He was killed by two gunshots from a .38 caliber Smith & Wesson gun, which was not built since 1967. The wounds were to both the neck and shoulder of the man, who was between eighteen and twenty, although the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System reports that his age was not possible to estimate, increasing his age range to ninety-nine years old.[92] The Nez Perce County sheriff department also gives conflicting information, describing him to be as young as thirteen to twenty.[93] Despite that he may have been deceased for seven months, a scar was found on one of his ankles. However, no tattoos, jewelry or distinct birthmarks could be found. He was believed to be white, but may have been Hispanic, as his hair, which was several inches long, was black or red. His height and weight were estimated to be five feet eleven inches and 145 to 160 pounds, respectively. No dental care was observable in his mouth, as his teeth had been excellently cared for with no cavities.[94] The young man wore jeans, blue, red and white striped swimwear in an American flag design and a white sock with the same colors.[95] His case was recently reopened by police, in 2012.[96]

Illinois[edit]

John Wayne Gacy victims[edit]

Six young males out of 33 known victims who were murdered between 1972 and 1978 by serial killer John Wayne Gacy remain unidentified. Their skeletalized bodies were discovered buried upon Gacy's property between December 26, 1978, and March 9, 1979. Due to the advanced state of decomposition, in most instances, the causes of death of the victims could not be discovered (although most of Gacy's victims were killed by strangulation or asphyxiation).[97][98] Four of these unidentified victims are estimated to have been aged between 14 and 24, whereas two victims are estimated to have been aged between 22 and 32. At least four of these victims were murdered in 1976 and/or 1977, whereas two victims may have been murdered between 1972 and 1975.[99][100][101][102][103][104]

Wayne Fitzgerrell State Park Jane Doe[edit]

External images
Sketch
3D reconstruction

On January 27, 1993, the severed head of a woman, aged thirty to fifty was discovered in the Wayne Fitzgerrell State Park in Ina, Jefferson County, Illinois. The woman's head may have been thrown from a vehicle, as it was seen hanging in the brush, near a road.[105] Because no other parts of her body were found, the height and weight were impossible to determine. Examination of the skull suggested she suffered from wry neck syndrome, which would have caused her head to be in an awkward position when she was alive. This deformity may have been caused from previous trauma, possibly from a car accident. Her hair was a reddish-brown color.[106][107]

Indiana[edit]

Floyd County John Doe[edit]

Floyd County John Doe

On Christmas Day, 1977, a black man's body was found in a culvert in Floyd County, Indiana. He was shot in the head and was believed to have died a day before his discovery. The man was estimated to be between eighteen and twenty-five years old and was six feet tall with a weight of 155 to 175 pounds. The victim wore a knit cap, a jacket with the letters "E" and "D" on the front pocket, embroidered with red string. He also wore a black shirt, a blue sweatshirt, bluish pants and white tennis shoes. Several of his teeth were also missing.[108] The possibility of his identification is slim, as his dental records, fingerprints and DNA were never taken.[109]

Newton County John Does[edit]

Two young men of different races were found on October 18, 1983 in Lake Village, Newton County, Indiana. They were both victims of Larry Eyler.[110]

Jasper County John Doe[edit]

A man in his early twenties was discovered in Jasper County, Indiana. He had long red hair with a slight build. He carried a lighter with an undisclosed female name written on it and was wearing jeans and a gray sweatshirt. Like the Newton County John Does, he was found in October 1983. Serial killer Larry Eyler had confessed before his death in 1994 to killing the Jasper County man as well as four men in Newton County, two of them unidentified.[111] Money was raised to bury the remains of this man in a formal, marked grave.[112] The victim was found with three others, of whom only two were identified.[113]

Kansas[edit]

"Miss Molly"[edit]

External images
Sketch
Sketch (profile)
Reconstruction of Miss Molly

A woman's body was found in a creek off of Interstate 70 in Salina, Saline County, Kansas on January 25, 1986. The victim appeared to have been beaten and then thrown over a bridge where she drowned, approximately two days before her body was found. The victim, nicknamed as "Miss Molly," was estimated to be between twenty and thirty-five when she died, at a height of five feet five and a weight of 125 pounds. The female wore clothing that originated from France: a bra, bikini underwear, stockings and purple sweatpants. These were sold in large U.S. cities or outside of the country. Other items, such as a nylon bag and a pillow case were found near the body, but it is unknown if they were owned by Miss Molly. The female had possibly carried a child before her death, as she had stretch marks on her stomach. Her hair was brown with blond highlights; she had gray or blue eyes and several scars on her jaw. She had also had an appendectomy, had pierced ears, and wore false fingernails that were painted red.[114] Her teeth showed signs of some extractions and braces, some of which had taken place recently.[115]

Marion County Jane Doe (1987)[edit]

External image
3D reconstruction

On September 21, 1987, the body of a woman was found in Marion County, Kansas. She had been bound at the hands and ankles, indicating she died from foul play. The victim was between sixteen and ninety-nine, but most likely between twenty and thirty years old.[116] Her remains were located behind hay bales and hedges at the side of a road and may have been there for months. A tattoo of a cross was located on her shoulder, although most of her body was skeletonized. She was between five feet six inches to five feet eight inches tall and had brown, four-inch long hair. She was found with healed fractures on her ribs, indicating she had been in some sort of accident months before she died.[117]

Kentucky[edit]

"Mary Eve"[edit]

On Christmas Eve, 1992 the body of a female infant of possibly mixed race was found in a trash bag in the employee parking lot of Oxmoor Center on Shelbyville Road. The mother was never found. A member of the Mall's security team posthumously adopted the baby naming her "Mary Eve" because she was found on Christmas Eve.[118]

Knox County Jane Doe (1985)[edit]

Barren County Doe[edit]

External images
Digital 3D reconstruction
Suitcase

On August 8, 1989, a blue suitcase containing the skeleton of a toddler was discovered near the Barren River Lake, Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky.[119] The victim was estimated to have been between two and three years old and its sex was not possible to determine, though some believe that the child was female.[120] The victim, who may have been biracial, had been deceased for one to six months and the case was ruled as a homicide. After it was made public that the body was found, a person who was apparently an attorney requested to police that their client, a woman, would not be charged if she submitted information that she knew about the child. After three calls, the person was never heard from again.[121][122]

Pulaski County Jane Doe (1995)[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Profile

The skeletal remains of a female were found on July 2, 1995 in Nancy, Pulaski County, Kentucky. The woman had been deceased for one to five years and it was determined that her neck had been cut and she had also broken one rib, likely due to the attack that ended her life. Originally, the skull was accidentally discovered and eventually police recovered the remaining parts of the victim's body, including straight brown hair and some clothing. Examination indicated she was a white female between twenty-four and forty-five and most likely suffered from a condition impairing the synovial joints in her wrists.[123] The victim was between five feet one and five feet three inches tall at an indeterminable weight. She was found with a spandex top, a denim skirt and white shoes.[124]

Louisiana[edit]

Slidell Jane Doe[edit]

External images
Digital reconstruction
Sketch
3D reconstruction

On June 19, 1986, the body of a white female between twenty and thirty was found in Slidell, Saint Tammany Parish, Louisiana, in Lake Pontchartrain. She had been murdered around one to two days prior to the discovery, but had already started to decompose. The cause of her death was by asphyxia as well as stabbing, as wounds were visible on her face. Her hair was either a light brown or red, which was shoulder length. She also had freckles and breast implants. She was of petite stature, standing at five feet two to four inches and weighed an estimated 126 pounds.[125] Her body was nude with a plastic bag that had been placed over her head and a weight was tied to her neck to ensure her remains would not surface. It is believed that she had been married, as her left ring finger showed that a ring had been worn at one time, but had been removed recently, likely by the killer. She was also three months pregnant. After her autopsy, examiners concluded that the victim may have been in a vehicle accident prior to her murder, as evidence on her hips showed signs of healed fractures. It was also possible that a rhinoplasty was performed on her nose, which may have been due to the same reason. Scars were also found on her abdomen, her knee and one wrist.[126] Her teeth were excellently cared for, although some were possibly congenitally missing and all of her wisdom teeth had been removed.[127]

Beauregard Parish John Doe[edit]

External image
3D reconstruction

The body of an man of African heritage, 25 to 40 years old, was found on January 4, 1993 in Bancroft, Beauregard Parish, Louisiana. Examiners believe he had been killed within three to four weeks before, as the state of decomposition was severe in some areas of the body, resulting in partial skeletonization. His remains were disposed of in the woods, located in proximity to Highway 389. He wore tan shoes, blue jeans, had short hair and very healthy teeth and had broken his nose once in his life. He had been shot twice in the head.[128]

Rapides Parish Jane Doe (1998)[edit]

External image
3D reconstruction

On April 12, 1998, a woman's body was found in Rapides Parish, Louisiana. She had begun to decompose and was left naked at the scene. It is possible that she was disposed of by a trucker, as the interstate ramp the body was found was often used as an "unofficial truck stop."[129] She had died around one to six weeks before at an age between thirty-five and forty-five. The location of her remains also indicated she could have come from any place in the country, a similar predicament as the Hudson County Jane Doe. Her hair was a dark blond and was worn in a ponytail, bound with a purple ribbon. The victim was between five feet five to five feet eight inches tall at a weight of 110 to 130 pounds. By examining her teeth, it was discovered that she had "unique dental work" and some teeth were missing, which may have occurred after her death or possibly had never developed. The exact cause of her death is unknown, but considered to be homicide.[130]

Maine[edit]

Aroostook County Jane Doe[edit]

The body of a full-term baby girl with an attached umbilical cord was found December 7, 1985, in Frenchville, Maine. Her body was found by a dog, which then brought it to its owners. The infant had died within a half hour after her birth, due to extremely cold temperatures. She had been abandoned in a gravel pit. Examiners determined that the dog had not caused injury to the baby.

At the location, bloody footprints were found, believed to have been left there by the infant's mother. Her parents may have been from Canada.[131][132]

Maryland[edit]

Woodlawn Jane Doe[edit]

"Cheerleader in the Trunk"[edit]

External images
Sketch
Original reconstruction
The Cheerleader in the Trunk likely participated in gymnasics, dancing or cheerleading, as evidence on her bones suggests.

On August 24, 1982, a young woman's remains were discovered inside of a footlocker in Frederick, Maryland, by hikers. She is estimated to have died earlier in 1982, as the body was skeletonized. She had dark hair and stood between five feet two inches and five feet six inches tall. Evidence on her bones indicated that she may have been a gymnast or dance performer when she was alive.[133] She also had extensive dental work on her teeth. Between the 1980s and 2012, three composites were created.[134] Many leads have surfaced, including ten missing persons that have been ruled out in the case.[135][136][137]

"Oscar"[edit]

External images
Digital reconstruction
3D reconstruction
Keys

Construction workers discovered the decomposed body of a man on April 23, 1985 in Glen Burnie, Anne Arundel County, Maryland. The body, discovered in a metal trash bin was a white male between sixteen and thirty years old and was five feet eight to five feet eleven inches tall.[138] He weighed likely between 155 and 162 pounds with a slim build and had light brown hair. With the victim, a comb, keys, nail clippers, coins and three sheets of paper were found. He wore a wool sweater, which was blue and black, beige slacks and black, laced leather shoes.[139] He may have been murdered as long ago as 1970 before his remains were found.[140][141] One of his hands was not found at the scene.[142]

Harford County John Doe[edit]

External image
Sketch

The body of an Asian man, aged twenty to thirty, was located on January 9, 1987 in Abingdon, Harford County, Maryland. He was murdered days before, by a gunshot wound to the chest. His body was abandoned at the side of a highway and was bound, wrapped in plastic and then covered with a sheet. He was around five feet five to five feet seven inches tall at an approximate weight of 134 pounds. The man had several scars on his face, one near his upper lip and four on the top of his head, which had healed. The victim had black, straight hair and brown eyes. He wore a pair of reddish and white nylon swim trunks that had a blue stripe and brown lining.[143] By studying his teeth, which had no signs of dental care, it is presumed that he had a habit of using tobacco products. His case has been published in Asian media, which has ultimately been unsuccessful to develop any more clues to his identity or killer.[144]

Frederick County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
Sketch
3D reconstruction
Second 3D reconstruction

The remains of a sixteen to twenty-five-year-old woman, also known as Maryland's Unknown Child, was found on July 31, 1991, in Frederick County, Maryland, near a truck stop. The remains were badly decomposed to the point where the cause of death was not able to be determined.[145] She was located underneath an overpass, which suggests being disposed of after a murder. The victim was between five feet and five feet two inches tall, weighing 110-120 pounds. The hair was described to be dark and wavy and a tooth protruded from her upper set of teeth. A tank top and several pieces of jewelry were found on her arms, hands, neck and ankle. A silver and gold colored wristwatch was also worn by the girl. Four reconstructions were created, varying strongly from each other.[146][147][148] It was reported that a man convicted of the murder of a woman native to Ohio in Tennessee, who was a trucker, may have been involved. At his house, authorities discovered shoes and underwear, two types of clothing that the Frederick County Jane Doe was not wearing.[149]

Prince George's County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
Digital reconstruction
3D reconstruction

The body of a female of African heritage was located in a creek in Clinton, Prince George's County, Maryland, on March 25, 2000. The victim was between thirteen and thirty-five years old, most likely between fifteen and thirty.[150] She had likely been a victim of a sexual crime, as no clothing below her waist was on her body. She had also been beaten to death. The female had brown eyes and black hair accompanied with hair extensions that were approximately a foot long. She wore clothing including a whitish undershirt and a similarly-colored tee shirt from a 1995 Special Olympics event in Connecticut, a white sports bra, a pullover shirt with the phrase "Beefy=T" written on the tag and a denim jacket. She also wore a Tweety Bird watch and had painted her fingernails purple. Her initials could possibly have been "C.S.," which were found written on the tag of one of her shirts.[151] Although her lower jaw was not found, she did not appear to have had any dental care.[152]

Prince George's County John Doe[edit]

External images
NCMEC reconstruction
Digital reconstruction
Sweatshirt

On January 30, 2007, the body of a young man of African heritage was located in Seat Pleasant, Prince George's County, Maryland. His hair was cut short and he was five feet ten inches tall and weighed 160 pounds. He wore several layers of clothing: a red sweatshirt with the words "Washington DC" in blue, a dark thermal shirt, a long-sleeved shirt with several colors, a red stocking-style hat, black Air Jordan tennis shoes, a scarf, gloves and two pairs of jeans.[153] He had his left ear pierced and scars were found on his knees and one was found on his abdomen.[154] He had been beaten to death only hours prior to his discovery and was between seventeen and twenty-seven years old.[155]

Massachusetts[edit]

"Lady of the Dunes"[edit]

A woman found in Provincetown in 1974 was killed by trauma to the head, and the killer had made several attempts to prevent her identification.[156] Although Hadden Clark confessed to the murder, many believe it to be false. Former FBI's Top Ten Most Wanted Whitey Bulger may have a connection to the case.[157][158]

Popes Island Jane Doe[edit]

Ring worn by the Popes Island Jane Doe
Reconstruction of the Popes Island Jane Doe, who may have been an illegal immigrant from Belarus

In New Bedford, Bristol County, Massachusetts, the body of a woman between thirty and forty-five years old was recovered from the Popes Island marina on October 30, 1996. The victim was placed in two garbage bags and then wrapped in a white and teal-colored blanket. She suffered a blow to the head and was shot twelve times. By examining the condition of her body, she had been deceased for less than two days and was in the water for less than a day. She was five feet two inches tall and around 127 pounds, with naturally light brown hair (which was dyed strawberry blond) and had brown eyes. She wore a yellow shirt, a white pullover with rectangular shapes and high heeled boots. She wore a gold ring with an emerald stone that experts say comes from Belarus, a part of the old Soviet Union. She had dental work that is believed to have been performed outside of the country. However, one root canal had been done inside of the United States. The woman did not shave under her arms or shave her legs, also indicating she was European. Because of the lack of identification and fingerprint matches, she may have come to America illegally.[159][160]

Barnstable County John Doe[edit]

Shirt worn by the Barnstable County John Doe

On June 4, 2014, the torso of a man of African heritage was found on a beach in Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts with his head and all four limbs missing. It is believed that the man was around six feet tall and weighed between 220 and 230 pounds. His body was found on the beach wrapped in a blue tarp and attached to a moving dolly. A surgical scar was also present, but it was unrelated to the murder. Another identifying feature was a T-shirt for a Rhode Island pipe distribution company, although the quantity of the shirts handed out each year prevented easy identification.[161][162]

Michigan[edit]

Minnesota[edit]

Washington County Jane Doe[edit]

External image
Sketch

In Scandia, Washington County, Minnesota, the severed head of an adult white woman was discovered on June 12, 1993, on the shore of Bone Lake. The woman had short, dark hair, which may have been spiked when she was alive and she also had a short ponytail at the back of her head. The victim had brown eyes and likely wore earrings, as both of her ears were pierced three times. Soon after the head was discovered, a left foot was found in St. Paul, Minnesota, which was twenty miles away. Both cuts made to sever her head and foot had been made cleanly, possibly due to the killer having experience with butchering or hunting. Her remains may have been disposed of in the Mississippi river, as both locations where the parts were found are linked to the river. Medical examiners believe that the foot had belonged to the woman. The foot itself had fragments of red nail polish.[163] Her age has been disputed, with some describing her to be as young as twenty. Others say she may have been as old as sixty-five.[164]

Mississippi[edit]

"Delta Dawn"[edit]

An infant or toddler found floating in a river in Moss Point, Mississippi in 1982. She had been smothered and thrown into the water and had then drowned.[165]

Desoto County Jane Doe[edit]

Desoto County Jane Doe
External image
Previous reconstruction

A woman's body was discovered alongside U.S. Route 78 on February 24, 1985 in Olive Branch, Desoto County, Mississippi. The victim was estimated to be between twenty and thirty-five and was wearing only a pinkish-orange pullover along with jeans. Her shoes were missing, which may have been taken by her killer. She had unique tattoos of the letters "T.H.C." and "R.E.J." (possibly "R.E.T.") on her ankles.[166] She had reddish or strawberry-blond hair and her eyes have been stated to be gray or brown by various sources. The victim was killed by ligature strangulation and was possibly sexually assaulted.[167] She was revealed to have smoked frequently and also bit her nails, habits that may lead to her identity. The victim also had a surgical scar on her left arm and other scars on her hand.[168] The woman wore three earrings in each ear and was approximately five feet three inches tall at a weight of 110 pounds.[169]

Jackson County John Doe (2001)[edit]

External images
Sketch
Tattoo of "John"
Bird tattoo
Third tattoo

A "middle aged" man's body was found wrapped in carpeting and a blanket along a road in Pascagoula, Jackson County, Mississippi on June 18, 2001. He was white or of Hispanic ethnicity and was estimated to be five feet five to five feet seven inches tall and weighed about 250 pounds. He had brown hair that was cut very short and had some tattoos, one of the name "John" on his chest, an elaborate tattoo of a bird on his shoulder and the letter "E" or "F" on the inside of his left arm. The victim also had distinctive scars. One was a crescent shape above his left eye, another on his forehead, on the side of his nose and a possible gunshot scar on one of the wrists. He was clothed in a white T-shirt, jogging shorts and pants and was murdered about two days before the discovery. The murder of the victim has been solved, as a subject was apprehended in 2004. However, the victim remains unidentified, although he may have been native to Texas.[170]

Missouri[edit]

St. Charles County Jane Doe[edit]

External image
NCMEC reconstruction

The body of a white girl aged 2 to 3 years was discovered inside a suitcase that had been thrown into Lake Alton in West Alton, Missouri, in St. Charles County on February 1, 1968.

The child's remains were recovered by a fisherman who had hooked his line on the suitcase, which had been wrapped in clothesline and weighted with barbells.[171]

The girl had long, blond hair; her eye color could not be determined. She was about 2 feet 8 inches tall and weighed between 35 and 40 pounds.[172] Distinctive features noted on the remains were an abnormally large tooth and a scar near one of the eyes. Her body had decomposed somewhat and had been in the water for an estimated "few weeks" after her death.

After an image of the child was constructed by the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children in September 2015, the body was exhumed on September 24, 2015, from an unmarked grave to obtain DNA information. It was later announced that the DNA testing was unsuccessful. She was identified then as a homicide victim, but authorities declined to explain what method was used to kill her.[173]

Exhumation would yield a more accurate estimation of the girl's age at the time of her death. If her skull were still in reasonable condition, it could be studied to create a more accurate image.[174]

Pemiscot County Does[edit]

A man and woman who were both shot and left fifteen miles apart in 1978. The female was found in Mississippi County, Arkansas, where the male was discovered in Pemiscot County, Missouri. It is believed that the pair were murdered where the male was found.[175]

St. Louis Jane Doe[edit]

A girl of African heritage whose headless body was found in St. Louis. Her head has never been found.[176]

"Grace Doe"[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Profile
Sketch with clothing
Second sketch

The decomposing body of a woman aged twenty-one to thirty-one was found on December 2, 1990 in McDonald County, Missouri. The woman was possibly of mixed ancestry, having characteristics of both white and Native Americans. She had been tied with several different types of rope, her hands behind her back and fastened to one of her legs, which led some to presume she was a victim of rape or another form of sexual assault. One of the ropes was identified to be from a parachute, which may have originated from some sort of military branch. She was possibly killed at the scene, as a witness reported that he "heard a woman scream" around the time the Jane Doe would have died.[177]

St. Louis John Doe (1992)[edit]

External images
Digital 3D reconstruction
Profile

On March 7, 1992, the skeleton of a white male between fifteen and thirty-five was located in St. Louis, Missouri in an abandoned building that had previously burned down. He was approximately five feet seven to five feet ten inches tall at a weight around 145 pounds. His hair was either blond or brown and was two inches in length. He had a healed fracture on his arm before his death, indicating some sort of injury was sustained when he was alive.[178] His dentition was good and he did have some crooked teeth on the top set; four of his molars were repaired. The clothing he wore included a pink shirt, a white shirt with an embossed logo of Myrtle Beach, a black coat, boxers with stripes, jeans, socks and size eight shoes.[179] The case is considered a homicide, as evidence of stab wounds were found on his ribs. He was originally believed to have been a black male as old as forty-five. After his remains were exhumed for additional physical information, his skull was absent and his coffin was subjected to damage. He could have been deceased from the years 1989 to 1992.[180]

Vernon County John Doe (2000)[edit]

In January 2000, the skeletal remains of a white man estimated to be between 26 and 36 years of age were discovered in a remote area of Nevada, Missouri, in Vernon County.

The victim died of a gun shot wound to the head. Repeated attempts to identify him have been unsuccessful, and the Vernon County Sheriff's Department has requested the public's help.[181]

Montana[edit]

"Christy Crystal Creek"[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Original 3D reconstruction

On September 9, 1985, a young woman's skeleton, possibly of Japanese or of mixed Asian and Caucasian race, was found in Missoula, Montana, with two .32 caliber bullets in the skull. No clothing was found at scene. Investigators believe she may have been murdered between 1983 and 1985.[182]

She was between 18 and 35 years old. She was estimated to be between 4 feet 10 and 5 feet 2 inches tall and weighed between 90 and 110 pounds. Examination indicated that she most likely had a history of smoking and had many fillings in her teeth, as well as two root canals. She also had had a type of oral surgery which is distinctive of Asia's dental techniques, involving the screwing of a dental post into the tooth.[183]

It is possible that serial killer and rapist Wayne Nance murdered her. Due to Nance's death in 1986, he was never tried or convicted of any murder. Two other victims believed to have been killed by Nance are "Debbie Deer Creek" and "Betty Beavertail", later identified as Marcella Bachmann and Devonna Nelson, respectively. They were both dependents.[183][184][185][186][187][188]

Nevada[edit]

"Sahara Sue"[edit]

A young female whose body was located in August 1979. She wore dentures at the young age of fifteen to twenty-five.[189]

Arroyo Grande Jane Doe[edit]

A young woman found stabbed to death in Henderson, Nevada, near Arroyo Grande Boulevard on October 5, 1980.[190] She died about a day before and was between fourteen and twenty-five when she died.[191]

Washoe County Jane Doe[edit]

Reconstruction of the Washoe County Jane Doe

The body of a woman between twenty-five and thirty-five was found by hikers on July 17, 1982 in Sheep Flats, Washoe County, Nevada.[192] The woman had been shot in the back of the head as she was bending over, possibly to tie her shoes. The bullet hole on her head was covered with men's underwear, hours before she was discovered. The victim wore a light yellow pair of tennis shoes, a sleeveless blue shirt, jeans with a blue bikini bottom in its pocket and a blue swimsuit underneath. After her autopsy, a vaccination scar was located on her left arm and another on the abdomen and one of her toenails had a large bruise underneath.[193] Evidence from the style of dental work indicated that she may have lived in Europe at some point during life. The woman had hazel eyes, was around five feet five inches tall, weighed 112 pounds and had brown hair tied back in a bun. 227 people have been ruled out as possible identities of the victim.[194]

Elko County Jane Doe[edit]

3D reconstruction of the Elko County Jane Doe
External images
Digital reconstruction
Sketch

The nude body of a female, also known as the Shafter Jane Doe, was discovered on November 16, 1993 around six days after the murder occurred. She was between twenty and thirty-five, being shot once in the chest region, another time in the back and was beaten.[195] She was five feet eight inches and 144 pounds with brown eyes and pierced ears, although the earrings were missing, possibly being taken by the killer.[192] She also had painted her fingernails pink at one time.[196] After examination, it was concluded that she had used both alcohol and marijuana prior to her death, possibly given birth to a child in the past, and had very healthy teeth. Isotope analysis showed her recent place of residence to the city of Afton, Wyoming. Tire tracks near the body indicated that the killer's vehicle was either a pickup truck or a van.[197] The victim had a mole above her right ear and two scars on her lower right leg.[196]

New Hampshire[edit]

Bedford Jane Doe[edit]

External images
Original 3D reconstruction
Second 3D reconstruction

On October 6, 1971, the body of a woman estimated to be twenty-three to thirty-seven years old was discovered on a logging road in Bedford, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire by a hunter.[198] Examination did not determine the cause of death, but that she had died between one and three months before the body was found. The victim's death is reported to have been suspicious, as reported by investigators. She was around five feet two to five feet five inches tall, 115 to 130 pounds and wore sandals and red socks on her feet, blue cutoff shorts and a reddish blouse.[199][200][201][202][203] The woman may have had brown hair, which was incorporated in the first of two facial reconstruction. In 2006, a second was created.[198][204] She has also been known as "Juliet Doe."[205]

Bear Brook murders[edit]

Four unidentified females found between 1985 and 2000. They consisted of a 23 to 33-year-old woman and three young children. The bodies were found inside of metal drums and the faces were reconstructed in effort toward identification.[199][206]

New Jersey[edit]

Atlantic County Jane Doe[edit]

On December 6, 1971, the skeleton of a white female was found in the woods by hunters in Galloway, New Jersey. Found with the body were a blue shirt, white-blue-and-orange striped pants, brown sandals, and white underwear. She also wore a unique bracelet with eyelets that had a watch fastened upon it. The watch had not originally come with the bracelet. She had straight, auburn hair that was about shoulder length. Her hair may have actually been a wig, which had evidence of artificial coloration and had various shades of color.

The victim was between 12 and 18 years of age and may have been strangled. Although she has a wide age-range, she was most likely under 14. The height was estimate to be 5 feet 1 to 5 feet 4 inches tall and the weight between 105 and 130 pounds. A distinguishing feature was that she had an extra vertebra in her spine. Another factor noted was that the victim did not bear any sign of dental work. However, her teeth were very healthy, although one of her molars was damaged.[207]

She had a motel key, which was found in her pocket; this key belonged to a nearby motel on the Garden State Parkway.[208]

Sussex County Jane Doe[edit]

On June 24, 1980, the skeletal remains of a woman were found in High Point State Park in Sussex County, New Jersey. Her body had been dismembered with a saw. Parts of it had been placed in various trash bags, which had been disturbed by animals. The bones of her torso were never located.

The victim was between 13 and 20 years old.[209] Her race was difficult to determine, but was concluded to be white with an unknown admixture, possibly Hispanic. The height was between 5 feet and 5 feet 2 inches, and she was probably overweight, although her remains were too decomposed to establish an estimation of what she weighed. Her straight, medium-length hair was dark brown, but it had been bleached blond.[210]

She wore distinctive jeans that had various colors on one of the legs. Her teeth were also considered unique by examiners, as they had a distinct shape and showed no signs of dental care, but were well maintained.[211]

"Princess Doe"[edit]

The body of a teenage girl was found on July 15, 1982, in Blairstown, New Jersey. Because of significant damage to her face, and many other reasons, she remains unidentified.[212] The case has received significant media attention.[212]

Gloucester County Jane Doe (1986)[edit]

External images
Digital reconstruction
Towel
Composite of mother

A female infant's body was found on December 4, 1986 behind a restaurant in Turnersville, Gloucester County, New Jersey.[213] The baby had been born, smothered and disposed of in a nearby dumpster. She was approximately twenty-inches tall and weighed around seven pounds.[214] She was white with dark hair and brown eyes. After her murder, she was wrapped in a distinct pink, black and white towel depicting an African landscape and then inside of a gray trash bag.[215] The victim herself has been reconstructed and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children also created an estimation of what her mother may have looked like, although she has never been found.[216]

Gloucester County Jane Doe (2004)[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Sketch
Second sketch
Shirts
Capris

On March 2, 2004, a woman's remains were found in Logan Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey. She is believed to have been multiracial, as traits from Caucasian, Hispanic and Asian races were found during her autopsy, which led to several reconstructions being made to illustrate her likeness.[217] The woman was between eighteen and thirty when she was murdered by an undetermined cause. The victim had long dark hair with light highlights and was believed to be at a height between four feet eleven to five feet two inches at a weight between 80 and 110 pounds. Her body was partially disrobed and had also been burned, along with evidence that animals had scavenged the body, after it was dumped on interstate 295. Her teeth were in natural condition and she also had possibly mothered a child during her life.[218] Her clothing consisted of two blue shirts with different colored stripes, black pants and pink panties.[219]

Hudson County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Sketch
Socks
Ring

On October 18, 2007, the body of a black female was discovered in Bayonne, Hudson County, New Jersey. She was believed to be at the age of sixteen to twenty years old when she died, although it was initially presumed that she could have been as old as thirty-five.[220] Although the cause of the young woman's death was not discovered, it has been listed as suspicious.[221] It was believed that she was deceased for around three weeks. Because of this, her remains were in an advanced state of decomposition, which may have erased signs of trauma that she could have endured. In her long, black and braided hair, red and copper-colored extensions were found, which could lead clues toward her identity. She also wore camouflage pants, boy's underwear, a pink halter top and a black bra with red lace.[222] White socks with orange on the toe area with a green teddy bear design on their side were found on her feet and no shoes were reported to have been found.[223] The jewelry found on the body included a metal body chain was worn around her waist as well as a plastic brown ring on her right thumb. She was between five feet two inches and five feet five inches and weighed between 118 and 138 pounds when she was still alive.[224] Due to decomposition, only partial fingerprints were obtained and the eye color or possible tattoos or scars could not be found.[225] Her DNA and dental information was obtained. She had some spaces between her upper front teeth, along with one dental filling on one of her back teeth.[226] Because of heavy traffic on the road she was found, her body could have been transported from anywhere in the United States.[222]

New Mexico[edit]

Luna County John Doe[edit]

External image
Sketch

A man's mummified corpse was found by electric company workers chained to a telephone pole by the neck on May 27, 1999 near highway 180 in Luna County, New Mexico.[227] The man died approximately six months before. He was approximately five feet eight inches tall with light brown hair and a graying beard. He also had green stitches in his knee. The victim wore an undershirt, a green shirt, jeans, and Nike shoes. The victim was estimated to be between thirty and fifty and was presumed to have been set afire after being chained to the pole, which was burnt halfway. The lighter presumably used to light the fire was found near the man's remains. The chain itself had been fastened with a lock.[228]

New York[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

Hillsborough Jane Doe[edit]

FBI reconstruction of the Hillsborough Jane Doe
External image
Approximation of shirt and bracelet

The decomposed body of a female, deceased for approximately three to six days, was discovered by construction workers on September 19, 1990 at a location known as "Chapel Hill" in Hillsborough, Orange County, North Carolina. As the remains were found near the New Hope Church Exit, the victim was nicknamed as "Hope." The victim was a Caucasian female, aged fourteen to twenty-five, most likely between eighteen and twenty-two. She had shoulder-length brown or strawberry-blond hair with streaks that appeared to have been frosted blond and was cut in layers. She had also had her appendix removed at some point in life, as a scar was noted on her abdomen.[229] Some cavities were found in the victim's mouth, yet she had some dental care in life, as some "restorations" were visible. The victim's wisdom teeth had yet to erupt. Other examinations of the remains indicated she did not appear to have ever broken or fractured a bone or had a child. The female was found clothed in only a pink shirt decorated with three cartoon-style rabbits, two riding bicycles and one riding a unicycle; a bra; and white socks that were noticeably clean, indicating that she had worn shoes, likely around size six, but they had since been removed.[230] Days before the remains were found, a female matching the description of the female was seen walking along Interstate 85, near the city of Burlington.[231] Damage to the victim's neck indicated she was likely strangled and the case was ruled as murder, which has yet to be solved. It is possible that the female was hitchhiking.[232] The female was between five feet three and five feet five inches tall and was between 110 and 115 pounds in life. Jewelry on the body included a ring and a bracelet both made from metal.[233]

Jacksonville Jane Doe[edit]

A skeleton of a female discovered in 1995. Despite the fact that no evidence of violence was observable on the bones, the death is still considered a homicide. It is suspected that she may have been involved in prostitution.[234]

"Baby Michael"[edit]

External images
Sketch
Female person of interest
Male person of interest

The body of a newborn infant was discovered on March 3, 1999 near Fayetteville, Cumberland County, North Carolina. The child, a male, was murdered after facing blunt trauma to his head and most of his body. After his death, he was placed inside of a distinct, large garbage bag, which had come undone and was covering only his legs. His umbilical cord and several pubic hairs, likely from his mother, were still present on his body. DNA from his mother was also found. The boy's body was disposed of possibly by being accidentally dropped or thrown from a passing vehicle. The fall did not cause the damage to the victim, as his wounds were considered to have been too severe and happened before he died. His mother may have been a white or Native American (possibly from the Lumbee tribe). Prior to the boy's discovery, on the day before, a pregnant female was observed to have acted unusually after she was informed that she was required to take a maternity test. Later that night, a pregnant woman and a man were seen in a truck that was parked near the area where the body was found.[235] In March 2011, the memorial placed at the location of Baby Michael's discovery was found damaged, which may have been caused by one or both of his parents.[236]

Sampson County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
Digital 3D reconstruction
Watch
Shoe
3D reconstruction
Reconstruction of the Sampson County Jane Doe

A white female with Hispanic characteristics was discovered on July 20, 1999, approximately two weeks to two months after her death in Dunn, Sampson County, North Carolina.[237] The body was badly deteriorated, but the cause of death determined to be a stab wound to the neck.[238] The remains were found near a migrant labor camp mainly made up of Hispanic people, including women. The victim was between seventeen and twenty-four years old, five feet four to five feet seven inches tall, and weighed around 110 pounds. She wore a black spaghetti strap top, blue bra, and green jeans.[239] Sandals and a yellow watch were also found at the scene. She had painted her fingernails blue at one point and had curly reddish hair. She was not likely a smoker and had no cavities, although some wear was observed on her lower row of teeth.[240]

Ohio[edit]

Mad Butcher victims[edit]

Death mask of the "Tattooed Man," one of the victims of the Mad Butcher.

The murders of twelve men and women, only three of which have been identified, taking place in the 1930s. All of the victims were dismembered.[241]

Ottawa County Jane Doe[edit]

On October 22, 1975 the remains of an unknown Jane Doe were found in Ottawa County, Ohio. The body was unclothed, leading officials to suspect foul play after the case was reopened in 2016.[242] The victim had died as a result of drowning and lacked trauma to indicate it was forced. She was between twenty and thirty at the time of her death. She was about five feet four inches tall and weighed 140 pounds. Examination of her body indicated she may have been pregnant the year before her death. Her hair was a reddish-brown and her eyes were hazel or brown.[243]

"Buckskin Girl"[edit]

A young woman aged 18 to 26 found in 1981 in Troy, Miami County, Ohio. She was wearing a homemade deerskin poncho with tassels and a satin lining. Her hair was shoulder-length and divided into two braids.[244]

Hebron Jane Doe[edit]

Hebron Jane Doe

The body of a female murder victim aged twenty-five to forty who had been dead for approximately 12 to 24 hours was found in Hebron, Licking County, Ohio on April 19, 1990, clad only in white panties. She had reddish-brown hair, brown eyes, and was 5 feet 2 inches tall and weighed 110 pounds. Abdominal stretch marks indicated that she had borne at least one child. She also had pierced ears, a mole near her nose, and another on her abdomen, and several dental fillings.[245][246][247] Examination showed that she had engaged in sexual intercourse shortly prior to death, and the cause of death was determined to be blunt force trauma (she had been severely beaten about the face and neck). She may have been a prostitute who solicited at truck stops in the area. Between 1981 and 1990, several presumed prostitutes had been murdered in the area and left at the side of roads, like the unidentified victim.[248]

Marion County Jane Doe (2007)[edit]

External images
Digital 3D reconstruction
Additional angle

On March 10, 2007, the remains of an unknown female were discovered in a wooded area of Marion County, Ohio. She was between fifteen and twenty-four and had died between 2002 and 2006, but most likely within the last two years. No clothing or personal effects were found with the body, which was completely skeletonized. The female had some unique physical characteristics. She was predominantly white, but could have had Hispanic or Asian heritage.[249] She had also suffered damage to one of her front teeth, but this may have occurred posthumously. She did appear to have otherwise taken considerable care of her teeth and there was no evidence that she had seen a dentist during her lifetime.[250] She was between five feet three to five feet nine inches tall and had brown, straight hair.[251] In September 2016, authorities were investigating the possibility that "Jane Doe" was a victim of alleged serial killer Shawn Grate, who claimed he had killed this victim after encountering her selling magazines door-to-door.[252]

Oklahoma[edit]

"Lime Lady"[edit]

External image
3D reconstruction and sketches
Reconstruction of the "Lime Lady"

On April 18, 1980, the mummified corpse of a woman was found near Jones in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, floating in the North Canadian River. She was between the ages of eighteen and twenty-five, five feet six inches tall and weighed around 115 to 120 pounds. The presence of three gunshot wounds was a clear indication of homicide.[253] She had a heart tattoo on her chest as well as an appendectomy scar. The nickname "Lime Lady" came from the quicklime that had been used on the remains, probably in an attempt to accelerate decomposition. The quicklime had actually helped preserve the corpse. One of the wounds contained clothing fibers and a dime that had been driven into the body by a .45 caliber bullet. It is believed that she may have been murdered by a biker gang earlier that year or in 1979, though some reports state she had been dead for as little as ten days. Multiple facial reconstructions have been created, and DNA was extracted for profiling in 2014.[254][255][256]

Oregon[edit]

Jackson County John Doe[edit]

External images
NCMEC reconstruction
Profile
Shoes

On July 11, 1963, the remains of an infant or toddler were discovered near Ashland, Jackson County, Oregon after the one of the blankets he was wrapped in was hooked by a fisherman. His remains were concealed in a blue blanket, a patchwork quilt with several red designs. The bundle was bound by telephone wires and weighed down with metal assayer's molds.[257] The autopsy indicated he likely died in the autumn of 1962 and he possibly had Down syndrome or a similar disability. The exact cause of the child's death was never determined, due to decomposition, but the case is classified as a homicide.[258] His clothing included a red and white-striped long sleeved pullover, gray corduroy trousers which had an elastic waistband and a belt buckle. His footwear were ankle-length socks and white shoes, which may have been from a shoe store in Medford, Oregon. His other clothing may have been from a J. C. Penney store. The child was also found wearing a diaper made of cloth that was secured with pins and plastic pants.[259] His blond or light brown hair was somewhat long, his eyes brown and eight of his teeth had erupted. What is unique about the boy's dentition is that one of his front bottom teeth was split in two, having two roots and an uncommon groove at its top. In efforts to identify the child, examiners took his footprints and compared them to those taken from other children from a local hospital and none apparently matched.[260]

Coos County John Doe[edit]

External images
Sketch
3D reconstruction

The skeleton of a man between the ages of fifty and eighty was discovered on August 26, 1972 in Bandon, Coos County, Oregon.[261] The victim had been killed by two gunshots; both were located on the skull, which still contained the bullets. The victim had died between 1967 and 1969, as the condition of his remains indicated. At the scene, which was near highway 101, three coins and two unfired bullets were found along with the man's clothing and dentures. He wore a hat, socks made from wool, a car key on a ring, a belt and a pair of leather boots which had white soles. It is possible that his dentures may have been from a local establishment serving veterans in 1966, as inscriptions on them indicated.[262] In 2007 the DNA of the "John Doe" was tested against the family members of a missing Idaho man Fred Miller {Missing August 1968}; however there was no match[263]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Rhode Island[edit]

Providence County John Doe[edit]

Providence County John Doe

A man's decomposing body was found floating in a pond on June 18, 1987 in Smithfield, Providence County, Rhode Island.[264] The victim had been stabbed twenty-one times, possibly with an ice pick, on his head and chest. The body was weighted down by rocks and barbells that were enclosed around the remains with chicken wire. He was believed to have died a week to three weeks before his body surfaced. Examination indicated he may have been a Hispanic male between twenty-five and thirty-five years old with brown hair and brown eyes. He wore a mustache and beard and his hair was receding. He was found wearing a black shirt, gray sweatpants and shoes, although he wore no socks. He was at the height of five feet five inches and weighed approximately 122 pounds.[265]

South Carolina[edit]

Sumter County Does[edit]

A young man and woman whose bodies were found on August 9, 1976. Both are believed to have come from a wealthy background, possibly in French Canada. Each victim was shot three times and had died within 24 hours prior to being found.[38]

Aiken County Jane Does[edit]

External images
NCMEC reconstruction of first victim
3D reconstruction of second victim
Previous reconstruction of first victim

On November 16, 1987, the remains of a mixed-race woman of predominantly African and possibly Asian or East Indian heritage were found in Aiken County, South Carolina. The cause of death was not determined, but the bodies of two homicide victims were found within a half-mile of the same location, one in 1991 and one in 1993. The deceased had a visible overbite and analysis of her hair indicated that she used cocaine.[266] She was estimated to have been dead for between one and five years, and to have been between the ages of 17 and 25 at death. She was between 5 feet 8 and 5 feet 10 inches tall and weighed between 150 and 160 pounds.[267]

On January 25, 1993, the body of another unidentified woman was found in the same vicinity. She was aged between twenty-five and thirty-two, between 5 feet 4 and 5 feet 7 inches tall, and died from a stab wound to the back of the neck. Like the previous victim, she had protruding teeth and wore no clothing; unlike the previous victim, her body had been burned. She was estimated to have been dead for around one to three years. Convicted serial killer Henry Louis Wallace has been questioned in relation to these deaths, as he confessed to murdering black women in North and South Carolina in the relevant timeframe. However, no charges have been brought.[268]

Beaufort County Jane Doe[edit]

External image
Digital reconstruction

The body of a Hispanic or biracial woman was found strangled on May 24, 1995 in Yemassee, Beaufort County, South Carolina.[269] Although the body was found laying face down, postmortem lividity indicated that it had been face-up for at least the first twelve hours after death, indicating that some time had passed between the death and disposal of the body. The victim had been between 30 and 35 years old, 5 feet 3 inches (160 cm) tall, and weighed 120 pounds (54 kg); both ears were pierced twice, and two earrings were present in each. She had scars from thyroid surgery and a caesarean birth, and had undergone a hysterectomy. Her hair was naturally brown but was dyed red. The body was nude except for panties.[270][271]

South Dakota[edit]

"Baby Andrew"[edit]

An infant boy was discovered on the side of a road in Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County, South Dakota on February 28, 1981. The child, a newborn with an attached umbilical cord, was presumed to have been abandoned at the scene hours before and likely died due to exposure from being outdoors along with a combination of blood loss.[272] He was wrapped in a blanket and a bed sheet when he was found. Little physical statistics exist on the victim, as his race, hair and eye color were not recorded.[273]

The baby was buried during a ceremony attended by fifty people, after donations allowed him to be interred in a place other than a pauper's grave. An anonymous woman assisted with organizing the funeral and gave the child the name "Andrew." The body was later exhumed for DNA testing in hopes of both identifying the victim and his parents. If the victim would be identified, law enforcement explained their plans to file appropriate charges against potential perpetrators.[272]

Tennessee[edit]

Maury County Jane Doe[edit]

Clothing found with the Maury County Jane Doe
External images
Digital 3D reconstruction
Profile

On February 14, 1975, the nearly skeletonized remains of a black woman between the ages of 15 and 25 years was found in Maury County, Tennessee. Her body was found near a highway, leading investigators to believe that she may not have been a native of Tennessee.

She was 5 feet 3 inches to 5 feet 5 inches tall, and weighed 127 to 137 pounds. Her hair was black and kinky; her eye color could not be identified. A distinctive dental trait was noted; she had an extra tooth among her upper teeth.[274] The victim had had several bone fractures during her life, two of which were healed at the time of her death. The unhealed fractures were found in her pelvis and ribs.[275]

Examination of her body showed that she was probably murdered 6 to 9 months previously, in the spring or fall of 1974. It is possible that she was the victim of a car accident—or was intentionally run down by a car, as her injuries and the location of her body suggest.[276] The remains of a young dog were found near her body, but it is not known if she owned the animal.[277] She wore a red top decorated with a seashell design, blue pants with a floral design, undergarments, and wedgie shoes. Her skull was reconstructed by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children in 2012.[278]

Davidson County Jane Doe (1976)[edit]

Mortuary photograph of the 1976 Davidson County Jane Doe

The body of a teenage Hispanic or Native American girl was found on March 24, 1976 in Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee. She had drowned approximately one day before under unknown, but suspicious circumstances. Before her death, she had been seen with another girl who was never located; according to witnesses who had seen the two together, the deceased had called herself "Sherry" or "Cheryl", and the girls claimed that they had run away from a treatment center in St. Paul, Minnesota, and were heading to Haines City, Florida. The victim had scars on both arms which may have been caused by cigarette burns. She was between 14 and 17 years old and had large breasts for her age and a mole near her left temple. She was 5 feet 2 inches tall and weighed 120 to 130 pounds when she died. Her traveling companion was a white teenage girl with sandy-blonde hair and wire-rimmed glasses.[279][280][281]

Campbell County Jane Doe (January 1, 1985)[edit]

Cheatham County Jane Doe[edit]

Campbell County Jane Doe (April 3, 1985)[edit]

Greene County Jane Doe[edit]

Campbell County Jane Doe (1998)[edit]

Reconstruction of the second Campbell County Jane Doe
External images
3D reconstruction
Additional 3D reconstruction
Sketch

On October 25, 1998, a black woman's body was discovered with a gunshot wound to the head, stab wounds and evidence of beating. According to examination, she had an extra tooth visible on the right side of her mouth and several impacted teeth, giving a distinct smile.[282] She was between thirty and forty, being five feet six inches and 130 pounds, dying within days before the discovery.[283][284][285][286] Reconstructions of the victim were shown on Good Morning America in 2004 in an attempt to generate leads, but no sufficient clues were uncovered. The woman's body was exhumed in March 2015 to extract DNA from the remains.[287]

Davidson County Jane Doe (1998)[edit]

Davidson County Jane Doe

On March 19, 1998, a woman who was between forty-five and fifty-five was found in the Cumberland River in Nashville, Tennessee. She had been shot twice in the head a day before she was located. The victim was overweight for her height, weighing 167 pounds and five feet two inches tall. Her teeth were extensively cared for; an estimated ten thousand dollars worth of work was observed, indicating she was of a higher socioeconomic class.[288] The Jane Doe wore only athletic pants, underwear and one Reebok shoe. Her hair was brown with highlights and her eyes were green.[289] She wore jewelry, including a gold necklace with a Leo zodiac pendant and two rings, one which was gold and the other was black. A man was seen with the woman before her death at a store, who wore the same pendant as she wore. He was never located. In 2011, her DNA was entered into national databases with no results.[290]

Rutherford County Jane Doe[edit]

External image
FACES reconstruction

The skeleton of a woman of African heritage was found on November 14, 2007 in La Vergne, Rutherford County, Tennessee. Although the cause of death has not been determined, the hands and feet were bound with yard trimmer cords. She had been murdered approximately four months prior, her clothing removed or decomposed. She wore two bracelets, one of which contained pictures, and a ring.[291] She was around five feet six inches and between her mid 20s and mid 30s, also having dental work. Her hair was short and brown. She may have been biracial.[292][293][294][295]

Texas[edit]

Vermont[edit]

Addison County victims[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction of youngest child
3D reconstruction of adult victim

The skeletonized remains of three individuals, a female, a male child and a teenager, whose sex remains undetermined, were discovered in Middlebury, Vermont on May 15, 1935. Each victim was shot in the head one to three years before they were discovered.[296] The adult female's DNA showed she may have been the mother of the teenage victim, but testing of the youngest victim was inconclusive.[297] The female was estimated to be between thirty-five and forty-five, the middle victim at thirteen to fifteen and the youngest victim was nine to eleven. At the scene, feathers from a pillow, pearl buttons presumed to belong to pajamas and an awning were found along with the human remains. The oldest and youngest victims were reconstructed in 2015.[298]

Virginia[edit]

Fairfax County John Doe[edit]

External image
NCMEC reconstruction

The body of a boy of African heritage, 3 to 6 years old, was found in Massey Creek on June 13, 1972. The victim was 4 feet tall and weighed 50 pounds. The cause of death was determined be blows to the head. He had been dead less than 24 hours, and wore no clothing.[299][300]

Rockbridge County John Doe[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Reconstruction with glasses
Belongings

The body of a man was found on May 27, 1987 in Rockbridge County, Virginia. He had been deceased for some time, as he was decomposing. He was estimated to be between twenty and forty years old, although he was likely in his early twenties. His hair was brown and he was around five feet four inches tall. He was presumed to have been nearsighted, as he wore plastic-framed glasses to treat the condition, issued by a Veterans Administration. He had a switchblade along with a cross necklace, ten dollars and twelve cents, a cassette tape, memo pad, lighter and a pen. His clothing included a short-sleeved shirt, blue jeans, white socks with yellow and green stripes, a brown belt with paint on it, brown shoes and a coat with fur on it.[301] The man had been killed by two gunshot wounds by a man named John Swartz, who has since been convicted of the murder. The victim had allegedly been picked up at a truck stop by his future killer and had used the name "Chris." The victim was paid to assist Swartz with unloading his cargo, which he used to buy some items. After the driver picked up a second shipment, the John Doe requested more money along with some of the items in the vehicle, threatening Swartz with the knife he had bought with his payment along with a verbal threat of turning him in for having an "unauthorized passenger," after he took contact information that was later found in his pockets. Swartz eventually killed the man and proceeded with his shipment.[302]

Fairfax County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Profile
Belongings
Fairfax County Jane Doe

The skeletonized remains of a twenty-six to thirty-nine-year-old woman with dark hair were discovered on December 6, 1993 in Centreville, Fairfax County, Virginia. The female had been buried in a shallow grave and was subsequently found by construction workers.[303] She had apparently been stabbed to death in the late 1980s to early 1990s. With the body, multiple articles of clothing were found, as well as a clip-on button earring. She was estimated to be between five feet and five feet three inches tall at an indeterminable weight and she had "dark blond to brown hair". The victim was wearing dark pink nail polish on her fingernails. The dental care was relatively poor as the teeth showed very advanced decay. She is presumed to be white, although it is possible that she may have been Hispanic.[304]

Washington[edit]

Snohomish County Jane Doe[edit]

Reconstruction of Snohomish County Jane Doe

A female between fifteen and twenty-one was picked up after hitchhiking in August 1977. The man that accepted her request for a ride eventually strangled and shot the victim seven times in the head after she refused sex after the pair spent the day together. Her decomposed body was discovered five days afterward, on July 14, 1977 in Everett, Washington. She was determined to be a white female with un-dyed brown, shoulder-length hair. She was a height of five feet ten inches and was between 150 and 160 pounds. She had a suntan, restorations on her upper front teeth, that protruded somewhat and she also appeared to be a smoker, as she had Marlboro cigarettes in her possession. In 1979, the man that killed her was convicted of her murder after the bullets at the scene matched his gun. He was released 26 years afterward.[305] The victim was also nicknamed as "Precious Doe."[306]

Clark County Jane Doe (1980)[edit]

External images
NCMEC reconstruction
Previous NCMEC reconstruction

The partial skeleton of a girl found in the woods near Amboy, Clark County, Washington was found on February 1, 1980 (although her NamUs profile states February 24). She had died circa 1978 between the ages of thirteen and eighteen. The girl's weight and height could not be estimated because the bones of her torso were never found. One or both of her hands were also not found at the scene.[307] Her exact race is not known, but she may have been biracial. After examining her bones, it is believed that the muscles on her neck would have been "well developed."[308] The female was the victim of homicide.[309]

Spokane County Jane Doe[edit]

Other reconstructions of the Spokane County Jane Doe
Rendering of the Spokane County Jane Doe

In the Spokane River, a naked woman's remains were found in Spokane County, Washington, on June 20, 1984. A separate hand was located around the time her torso was found, but was determined not to have belonged to her.[310] Initially believed to be between sixteen and thirty, a 1998 examination indicated that she was sixteen to thirty-five years old at the time of death. She also had a minor case of spina bifida along with a scar on her left arm and on one of the knees. Her body was dismembered; her head, hands and feet were severed. Her head was not located until 1998, which was matched with the DNA of the victim. She had suffered a blow to the face, which caused fractures in the skull. Additionally, sharp force trauma was found on the side of the head. She was around five feet five inches tall and weighed approximately 130 pounds and she had two prominent moles on her neck. Several reconstructions have been created from the face. She had given birth at one time during her life.[311]

Green River victims[edit]

Amateur artist's sketch of Jane Doe B-10
External images
NCMEC reconstruction of Jane Doe B-10
Jane Doe B-17


On March 21, 1984, a teenage female was found at least ten months after she died, in Seattle, Washington. She was between twelve and eighteen and was most likely left-handed. A healed fracture was also observed on her skull. Gary Ridgway described her as a white female in her early twenties who may have had brown hair.[312]

On January 2, 1986, another female was found, between two and six years after death in Auburn, King County, Washington. She was between fourteen and nineteen.[313] Most of the Green River victims who have been identified were involved in prostitution.[314]

A third Green River victim has not been identified, due to the remains being partial, consequently resulting in excluding the option to reconstruct the face. Ridgway described the victim as a white female in her mid teens or early twenties that had blond or brown hair and was around 135 pounds. The three victims remain known as Jane Doe B-10, Jane Doe B-17 and Jane Doe B-20, respectively.[315][316]

West Virginia[edit]

Morgan County Jane Doe[edit]

Reconstruction of the Morgan County Jane Doe

On May 10, 1950, the body of a white female was discovered in Morgan County, West Virginia. She had been strangled within two days before her discovery and was left naked in a wooded area near the Maryland and West Virginia border. She was estimated to be between the ages of thirty-five and fifty upon her death. The victim had reddish hair in a perm and her height was about five feet five inches and her weight was 125 to 135 pounds. The victim had several scars on her body, one shaped like the letter "w" on her forehead and another shaped like the letter "y" on one of her wrists. A scar from a hysterectomy and an appendectomy were also present.[317] Her hands were noticeably small and had freckles on the backs of them and on her arms. Despite the fact that she was found recently after her death, her eye color is unknown. In 2007, the body was exhumed to obtain DNA information.[318]

Wetzel County Jane Doe[edit]

Wisconsin[edit]

"Little Lord Fauntleroy"[edit]

A young boy whose body was found in a pond in Waukesha, Wisconsin, in 1921. He was dressed in upper-class clothing. Despite this, his family never claimed his body.[319]

Columbia County Jane Doe[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Label on pants
Columbia County Jane Doe

The skeletal remains of a woman (most likely white) were found in Caledonia, Columbia County, Wisconsin on May 8, 1982. The body was found in a wooded area near Highway 78. It is believed that she had died elsewhere and was disposed of at that location. Some believe that the victim and the perpetrator were not local to the area where the body was discovered. She was found near a highway, indicating that her body may have been transported from elsewhere in the United States.[320]

The victim, aged 45 to 65, had been killed by blunt-force trauma to her skull. She had likely had at least one child before her death. There was evidence of arthritis in her neck and back, and this may have affected the way she walked.[321]

Because of the degree of decomposition of the body, the hair color, eye color, weight, and complexion of the victim are unknown. However, some details could be assessed. The height estimated to be 5 feet 5 to 5 feet 7 inches tall. The victim's dental characteristics were fairly unusual, as the partial denture and crowns in her mouth were said to have been out of the ordinary. No clothing was found except for a multicolored blouse and size 12 brown pants were recovered with the skeleton.[322]

She was buried in Wyocena, Wisconsin, on September 1, 1987, after her case went cold but was later exhumed on April 26, 2014. The remains were transported to Virginia for additional testing, including DNA profiling.[323] Since the case was reopened and reintroduced to the public, tips were soon submitted to the authorities.[324]

Barron County John Doe[edit]

External images
3D reconstruction
Profile
With beard
With mustache
Shirt

The skeleton of a young man was found by loggers on September 21, 1982, in Dallas, Barron County, Wisconsin. It is believed that he had been stabbed; this was indicated by tears in his western-style plaid shirt. He was also wearing jeans, a denim jacket, and blue shoes with white stripes.

He was estimated to be between 18 and 24 years old at the time of his death. Basic estimations, such as the height, weight and hair color were later calculated. He was about 5 feet 7 to 5 feet 9 inches tall and likely weighed 180 to 195 pounds, with a large build. Hair found with the body was light brown.

Some distinctive elements were also noted. It is possible that he wore glasses, although none were found at the scene. He had had a large amount of dental work done on his teeth; this had been done not long before he died. He had also had some kind of surgery on his left knee that involved a screw and staple in the tibia. This kind of surgery would have required a long hospital stay that could have lasted up to six months. Serial numbers on the screw and staple were traced, but this did not lead to the location where they had been purchased.[325]

Vernon County Jane Doe[edit]

A woman between 50 and 65 years old who was murdered in 1984. She had been killed by blunt-force trauma to her head. Her hands were severed from her arms to prevent fingerprinting and identification.[326]

Racine County Jane Doe[edit]

A possibly mentally handicapped woman who was discovered in a field; evidence on the body indicated that she had endured weeks of abuse before ultimately dying in July 1999. The victim had been dead less than a day and was between 18 and 30 years old.[327]

St. Croix County Jane Doe[edit]

External image
3D reconstruction

The skull of a woman aged 35 to 60 years was found in an advanced stage of decomposition on October 21, 2002. She had been dead for about a year before her skull was found.[328]

The skull had been placed in a garbage bag, which was disposed of near Anderson Scout Camp Road, where it was later discovered by Boy Scouts.[329]

The woman had dark brown hair, no teeth, and may have been of mixed race. Examination of the skull indicated that she may have had a mental disability. She may also have had "different looking" features, such as wide-set eyes and a flat nose. She may have been living in a group home, as her condition may have been severe.

Fond du Lac County Jane Doe[edit]

A teenage or young adult woman was found frozen in ice in 2008. She had an overbite and may have been pigeon-toed or knock-kneed.[330][331]

Wyoming[edit]

"Bitter Creek Betty"[edit]

Artist's impression of what Bitter Creek Betty looked like during life
External images
Morgue-derivative reconstruction
2D profile reconstruction

In Sweetwater County, Wyoming, the unclothed body of a white female, also known as "Rose Doe" with Hispanic or Native American traits was found on March 1, 1992.[332] The body was disposed of 1 month prior to discovery but due to cold weather, the body was well preserved. She was between twenty-four to thirty-two, ranging between five feet six and five feet eight inches tall.[333] Because of the amount of time the remains were outside, it took twenty-four hours for examination to take place. She had a scar from a Caesarean section on her abdomen as well as a rose tattoo under one of her breasts.[334] She had died from being stabbed through one of the nostrils and was also strangled and beaten, likely at another location.[335][336] She had been sexually assaulted both anally and vaginally. At the scene, a golden-appearing necklace and ring, sweatpants and pink underwear were found.[337] After images of the tattoo were published throughout the United States, a man came forward claiming that he had performed the tattoo on the woman. Further interviews with the man uncovered that she was a Hispanic woman, lacking an accent, and was likely a drifter who hitchhiked frequently around the country. Multiple missing people have been ruled out as possible identities of Bitter Creek Betty. Apart from this victim, two other people remain unidentified in the area. DNA from the scene also matched to another, indicating she was murdered by a serial killer.[338]

Sheridan County Jane Doe[edit]

Reconstruction of the Sheridan County Jane Doe

A female aged sixteen to twenty-one was discovered murdered on April 13, 1992 in Sheridan County, Wyoming. DNA from the scene was eventually matched to that found at the site of Bitter Creek Betty's body. Unlike the previous victim, this Jane Doe was too decomposed to identify visually and her eye color could not be determined. The cause of her death was ruled as blunt injuries to the head. She was white, five feet five to five feet six inches tall, 110 to 115 pounds and had brown hair with a wavy texture. It is believed that she was killed at a different area than where her body was discovered.[339] The victim's clothing consisted of a patterned white and light blue top that had ties underneath the bust, with pearl and jewel-like buttons. The female also wore a bra, blue jeans, pink underwear and brass earrings.[340]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Police ID 'Jane Doe' found in Livingston Co. cornfield in 1979". 26 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Goldman, Abigial (February 10, 2008). "Cold cases go online, with respect for victims". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved August 11, 2014. 
  3. ^ Olsen, Lise (May 30, 2011). "'Detective' will exhume bodies in victim identity hunt". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  4. ^ Reynolds, Kelvin; Britzius, Brianne (November 21, 2013). "Tuscaloosa authorities exhume body in hopes of solving 1982 murder". My Fox Local. Fox News. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Cold Cases". www.tcsoal.org. Tuscaloosa County Police Department. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Case File 108UFAL". doenetwork.org. The Doe Network. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  7. ^ Taylor, Stephanie (November 21, 2013). "Tuscaloosa Homicide exhumes body of unknown woman found in Slaughter Creek 31 years ago". The Tuscaloosa News. The Gadsden Times. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ Johnson, Tachana (November 21, 2013). "Police exhuming body from Tuscaloosa cemetery". ABC News 4. American Broadcasting Company. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Case File: 1704UMAL". doenetwork.org. The Doe Network. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ "John Doe 1998". missingkids.org. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "NamUs UP # 2758". identifyus.org. National Missing and Unidentified Persons System. November 6, 2008. Retrieved November 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Jane Doe 2012". missingkids.org. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "NamUs UP # 9834". identifyus.org. National Missing and Unidentified Persons System. 28 January 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  14. ^ Ary, Patrick (29 September 2016). "Opelika police release photos of unidentified girl, hoping for cold case break". Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "Case Report - NamUs UP # 12375". identifyus.org. National Missing and Unidentified Persons System. April 14, 2014. Retrieved September 23, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Case File 311UFAK". The Doe Network. Retrieved June 1, 2014. 
  17. ^ Hensley, Nicole (September 4, 2014). "Body of woman murdered by Alaska serial killer Robert Hansen exhumed". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 6, 2014. 
  18. ^ D'Oro, Rachel (September 4, 2014). "Body of Alaska Serial Killer's Victim Exhumed". ABC. ABC News. Retrieved September 6, 2014. 
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