Universities and research institutions in Berlin

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Main building of TU Berlin (south side)

The Berlin-Brandenburg capital region is one of the most prolific centers of higher education and research in the world.[1] It is the largest concentration of universities and colleges in Germany. The city has four public research universities and 27 private, professional and technical colleges (Hochschulen), offering a wide range of disciplines.[2] Access to the German university system is tuition free.

175,000 students were enrolled in the winter term of 2014/15.[3] Around 20% have an international background. Student figures have grown by 50% in the last 15 years. The Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (HU Berlin) has 34,000 students, the Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin, FU Berlin) has 34,000 students, and the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin) around 30,000 students. The Universität der Künste (UdK) has about 4,000 students and the Berlin School of Economics and Law has enrollment of about 10,000 students.

40 Nobel Prize winners are affiliated to the Berlin-based universities.

History[edit]

The Prussian Academy of Arts (German: Preußische Akademie der Künste) was an art school set up in Berlin, Brandenburg, in 1694/1696 by prince-elector Frederick III, in personal union Duke Frederick I of Prussia, and later king in Prussia. It had a decisive influence on art and its development in the German-speaking world throughout its existence. It dropped 'Prussian' from its name in 1945 and was finally disbanded in 1955 after the 1954 foundation of two separate academies of art for East Berlin and West Berlin in 1954. Those two separate academies merged in 1993 to form Berlin's present-day Academy of Arts.

The Humboldt University of Berlin is one of Berlin's oldest universities, founded in 1810[4] as the University of Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) by the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt, whose university model has strongly influenced other European and Western universities.

Universities[edit]

Public universities[edit]

There are five big internationally renowned research universities in the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region:

Private Universities[edit]

There are five recognized private universities in Berlin:

Colleges of Applied Sciences[edit]

Berlin has several private, professional and technical colleges (Hochschulen)

Research institutions[edit]

Berlin has a high density of research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society, the Leibniz Association, the Helmholtz Association, and the Max Planck Society, which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its universities. A total number of around 65,000 scientists are working in research and development in 2012. The city is one of the centers of knowledge and innovation communities (Future Information and Communication Society and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation) of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT).[5]

The Photonics Center at the Science and Technology Park in Adlershof.
Supercomputer Cray XC40/XC30 at Zuse Institute Berlin

Leibniz Institutes[edit]

  • Leibniz Sozietät
  • Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung (DIPF)
  • German Institute for Economic Research - Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
  • Deutsches Rheumaforschungszentrum Berlin (DRFZ)
  • Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften (GESIS)
  • Leibniz-Institut für Analytische Wissenschaften – ISAS – e.V. Institutsteil Berlin
  • Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN)
  • Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung gGmbH (WZB)

Forschungsverbund Berlin e. V. (FVB):

  • Ferdinand-Braun-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik [13]
  • Leibniz-Institut für Molekulare Pharmakologie (FMP) [14]
  • Leibniz-Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei (IGB) [15]
  • Leibniz-Institut für Kristallzüchtung [16]
  • Institut für Zoo- und Wildtierforschung [17]
  • Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie (MBI)
  • Paul-Drude-Institut für Festkörperelektronik, Leibniz-Institut (PDI) [18]
  • Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik (WIAS) [19]

Helmholtz Centers[edit]

Max-Planck Institutes[edit]

Fraunhofer Institutes[edit]

  • Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik
    • Heinrich-Hertz-Institut (HHI) [21]
    • Sino-German Mobile Communications Institute
  • Fraunhofer-Institut für offene Kommunikationssysteme (FOKUS) [22]
  • Fraunhofer-Institut für Produktionsanlagen und Konstruktionstechnik (IPK) [23]
  • Fraunhofer-Institut für Rechnerarchitektur und Softwaretechnik [24]
  • Fraunhofer-Institut für Software- und Systemtechnik [25]
  • Fraunhofer-Institut für Zuverlässigkeit und Mikrointegration (IZM) [26]

Nobel Prize winners[edit]

There are 40 Nobel laureates affiliated to the Berlin-based Universities:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Best universities in Germany 2017". THE. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  2. ^ "Metropolis of Sciences". Berlin Partner GmbH. Archived from the original on 24 April 2008. Retrieved 19 August 2008. 
  3. ^ "HochschulenBerlin mit neuem Studentenrekord". Focus (in German). 25 November 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "International Higher Education : Countries and rEgions". Ejournals.bc.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-28. 
  5. ^ "European Institute of Innovation and Technology: Home". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 8 June 2010.