List of universities in Sweden
The Swedish higher education system differentiates between universitet and högskola (university and university college respectively). The universities are research-oriented and may award bachelor's, master's, and doctor's degrees in all academic fields, whereas the högskolor usually are more focused on applied sciences, and only have limited rights granting doctor's degrees. Note, however, that some universities still call themselves högskola in Swedish, mainly older specialised institutions in engineering and medicine (for instance Royal Institute of Technology is called "Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan"). Also, both proper universities and högskolor translate their official names to "university" in English, where in the latter case "university college" would be more correct.
The order of precedence is based on their year of establishment as a university. Only Uppsala University (est. 1477) and Lund University (est. 1666) were actually founded as universities, whereas all the other universities were raised from högskola (university college) status to the higher university status after they had been founded.
Two universities founded under Swedish rule, the University of Tartu from 1632 (now in Estonia) and the Royal Academy of Turku from 1640 (later established as University of Helsinki, now in Finland), as well as the University of Greifswald from 1456 (now in Germany but a fief held by Sweden 1631–1806, Swedish 1806-1815), are excluded from the list.
|University||Established as a university||First establishment||Student population
(2013, in billion SEK)
|University of Gothenburg||1954||1891||21,121||3.446|
|Royal Institute of Technology||1970||1827||10,544||2.836|
|Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences||1977||1775||3,515||2.083|
|Luleå University of Technology||1997||1971||6,509||0.857|
|Mid Sweden University||2005||1993||5,946||0.371|
Public university colleges
A Högskola (= university college or college in English) is an institution of higher education, similar to a university but typically smaller. Unlike a full university, a högskola has limitations in awarding doctoral degrees (PhD). The Swedish government has granted the right to some högskola to award PhDs in some specific fields. Most of the 'högskola' have agreements with bigger universities to conduct joint doctoral programs. The public 'högskola' are:
|Högskola||Established (as högskola)|
|University of Borås||1977|
|Malmö University College||1998|
|Dalarna University College||1977|
|University College West||1990|
|Mälardalen University College||1977|
|Blekinge Institute of Technology||1989|
|Kristianstad University College||1977|
|University of Skövde||1977|
|Swedish National Defence College||2008|
|Stockholm University of the Arts||2014|
|Royal College of Music, Stockholm||1771|
|Royal Institute of Art||1735|
|University College of Arts, Crafts and Design||1844|
|Gävle University College||1977|
Private universities and högskolor
There are three private institutions of higher education with the right to give post graduate degrees, namely Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Stockholm School of Economics and Jönköping University Foundation.
Ranking list according to the THE–QS World University Rankings (with the highest ranked for that year marked in blue):
|Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers tekniska högskola)||110||166||147||197||162||198||-||202||223||202|
|University of Gothenburg (Göteborgs universitet)||-||190||-||-||258||185||-||184||193||205|
|Linköping University (Linköpings universitet)||-||-||-||371||-||-||-||-||340||331|
|Lund University (Lunds universitet)||171||180||122||106||88||67||-||86||71||67|
|Royal Institute of Technology (Kungliga Tekniska högskolan)||122||196||172||192||173||174||-||180||142||118|
|Stockholm University (Stockholms universitet)||139||-||-||246||239||215||-||178||171||170|
|Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet)||140||180||111||71||63||75||-||83||81||79|
|Umeå University (Umeå universitet)||-||-||-||-||299||318||-||273||297||289|
Ranking list according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities:
|University of Gothenburg||156||201||190||206||228||242||257||212||203||196||195||163|
In relation to their population size, Switzerland (first) and Sweden (second) are the two countries with the highest number of universities among the 100 best of the Academic Ranking of World Universities (2014-2015).
- Education in Sweden
- Swedish National Agency for Higher Education, Swedish National Board of Student Aid
- Swedish Research Council
- Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test
- List of universities and colleges by country
Notes and references
- Uppsala University History
- A BRIEF HISTORY
- Swedish Higher Education Authority (UK Ämbetet) - Annual report 2014 (Swedish), page 121ff
- Swedish Higher Education Authority (UK Ämbetet) - Annual report 2014 (Swedish), page 106ff
- Swedish National Agency for Higher Education."List of higher education institutions", 2009-06-17. Retrieved on 2010-01-10.
- Rankings: top of the class, The Economist, 28 March 2015 (page visited on 7 April 2015).