List of universities and colleges in Sweden

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This list of universities in Sweden is based on the Higher Education Ordinance of 1993 (as amended until January 2006). With few exceptions, all higher education in Sweden is publicly funded.

The Swedish higher education system differentiates between universitet and högskola (university and university college respectively). The universities are research-oriented and may award Bachelor's, Master's, and Doctor's degrees in many academic fields, whereas the högskolor usually are more focused on applied sciences, and only have limited rights granting doctor's degrees. Note, however, that some universities still call themselves högskola in Swedish, mainly older specialised institutions in engineering and medicine (for instance Royal Institute of Technology is called "Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan" and Chalmers University of Technology is called "Chalmers Tekniska Högskola"). Also, both proper universities and högskolor translate their official names to "university" in English, where in the latter case "university college" would be more correct.

Public universities[edit]

The order of precedence is based on their year of establishment as a university. Only Uppsala University (est. 1477[1]) and Lund University (est. 1666[2]) were actually founded as universities, whereas all the other universities were raised from högskola (university college) status to the higher university status after they had been founded.

Two universities founded under Swedish rule, the University of Tartu from 1632 (now in Estonia) and the Royal Academy of Turku from 1640 (later established as University of Helsinki, now in Finland), as well as the University of Greifswald from 1456 (now in Germany but a fief held by Sweden 1631–1806, Swedish 1806-1815), are excluded from the list.

University Established as a university First establishment Student population
(FTE, 2013)[3]
Research grants
(2013, in billion SEK)[4]
Uppsala University 1477 1477 18,347 4.112
Lund University 1666 1425 23,539 4.874
University of Gothenburg 1954 1891 21,121 3.446
Stockholm University 1960 1878 22,434 2.633
Karolinska Institutet 1965 1810 5,641 4.805
Umeå University 1965 1965 13,389 2.336
Royal Institute of Technology 1970 1827 10,544 2.836
Linköping University 1975 1969 15,252 1.892
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 1977 1775 3,515 2.083
Luleå University of Technology 1997 1971 6,509 0.857
Karlstad University 1999 1977 6,717 0.341
Örebro University 1999 1977 7,581 0.364
Mid Sweden University 2005 1993 5,946 0.371
Linnaeus University 2010 1977 11,663 0.435
Malmö University 2018 1998 24,000 1.382

Public university colleges[edit]

A Högskola (= university college or college in English) is an institution of higher education, similar to a university but typically smaller. Unlike a full university, a högskola has limitations in awarding doctoral degrees (PhD). The Swedish government has granted the right to some högskola to award PhDs in some specific fields. Most of the 'högskola' have agreements with bigger universities to conduct joint doctoral programs. The public 'högskola' are:

Högskola Established (as högskola)
University of Borås 1977
Dalarna University College 1977
University College West 1990
Halmstad University 1983
Mälardalen University College 1977
Blekinge Institute of Technology 1989
Kristianstad University College 1977
University of Skövde 1977
Swedish National Defence College 2008
Stockholm University of the Arts 2014
Södertörn University 1996
Royal College of Music, Stockholm 1771
Royal Institute of Art 1735
University College of Arts, Crafts and Design 1844
Gävle University College 1977

Gotland University College (1998 - 2013) was a "högskola" that has now merged with Uppsala university, becoming the Gotland campus of Uppsala university.

Private universities and högskolor[edit]

There are three private institutions of higher education with the right to give post graduate degrees, namely Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Stockholm School of Economics and Jönköping University Foundation.[5]

Recognised higher education institutions[edit]

ARWU[edit]

Ranking list according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities:

University 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Uppsala University 59 74 74 65 66 71 76 66 67 73 73 60
Lund University 93 92 92 90 97 97 101 104 109 114 112 125
University of Gothenburg 156 201 190 206 228 242 257 212 203 196 195 163
Stockholm University - 97 97 84 86 86 88 79 81 81 82 78
Karolinska Institutet 39 46 46 48 53 51 50 42 44 42 44 47
Umeå University - 248 252 253 256 256 252 249 247 274 289 298

In relation to their population size, Switzerland (first) and Sweden (second) are the two countries with the highest number of universities among the 100 best of the Academic Ranking of World Universities (2014-2015).[6]

QS World[edit]

Ranked Swedish universities on QS World University Rankings (with the highest ranked for that year marked in blue):

Institution 2012[7] 2013[8] 2014[9] 2015[10] 2016[11]
Chalmers University of Technology
(Chalmers tekniska högskola)
223 202 175 132 139
University of Gothenburg
(Göteborgs universitet)
193 205 206 247 264
Linköping University
(Linköpings universitet)
340 331 283 286 282
Lund University
(Lunds universitet)
70 67 60 70 73
Royal Institute of Technology
(Kungliga Tekniska högskolan)
142 118 110 92 97
Stockholm University
(Stockholms universitet)
171 170 182 182 196
Uppsala University
(Uppsala universitet)
81 79 81 102 98
Umeå University
(Umeå universitet)
297 289 267 319 294

THE World[edit]

Ranked Swedish institutes on Times Higher Education World University Rankings (with the highest ranked for that year marked in blue):

Institution 2011[12] 2012[13] 2013[14] 2014[15] 2015[16] 2016[17]
Chalmers University of Technology
(Chalmers tekniska högskola)
226-250 226-250 276-300 276-300 201-250
University of Gothenburg
(Göteborgs universitet)
201-225 201-225 201-225 226-250 180
Karolinska Institutet 43 32 42 36 44 28
Linköping University
(Linköpings universitet)
301-350 301-350 301-350 351-400 251-300
Lund University
(Lunds universitet)
89 80 82 123 119 90
Örebro University
(Örebro universitet)
301-350
Royal Institute of Technology
(Kungliga Tekniska högskolan)
193 187 140 117 126 155
Stockholm University
(Stockholms universitet)
129 131 117 103 98 136
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
(Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet)
199 276-300 251-275 251-275 201-250
Uppsala University
(Uppsala universitet)
147 87 106 111 98 81
Umeå University
(Umeå universitet)
201-225 251-275 301-350 351-400 251-300
"—" signifies an unranked institute of that year.

THE-QS[edit]

Ranking list according to the THE–QS World University Rankings (with the highest ranked for that year marked in blue):

Institution 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers tekniska högskola) 110 166 147 197 162 198
University of Gothenburg (Göteborgs universitet) - 190 - - 258 185
Linköping University (Linköpings universitet) - - - 371 - -
Lund University (Lunds universitet) 171 180 122 106 88 67
Royal Institute of Technology (Kungliga Tekniska högskolan) 122 196 172 192 173 174
Stockholm University (Stockholms universitet) 139 - - 246 239 215
Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet) 140 180 111 71 63 75
Umeå University (Umeå universitet) - - - - 299 318

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Uppsala University History Archived 14 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ A BRIEF HISTORY Archived 3 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Swedish Higher Education Authority (UK Ämbetet) - Annual report 2014 (Swedish), page 121ff
  4. ^ Swedish Higher Education Authority (UK Ämbetet) - Annual report 2014 (Swedish), page 106ff
  5. ^ Swedish National Agency for Higher Education."List of higher education institutions" Archived 24 May 2012 at Archive.is, 2009-06-17. Retrieved on 2010-01-10.
  6. ^ Rankings: top of the class, The Economist, 28 March 2015 (page visited on 7 April 2015).
  7. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2012-13". Top Universities. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2013-14". Top Universities. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2014-15". Top Universities. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2015-16". Top Universities. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2016-17". Top Universities. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  12. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2011". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  13. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2012". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  14. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2013". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  15. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2014". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  16. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2015". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  17. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2016". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 

External links[edit]