Palacký University of Olomouc (Olomouc University) - a college founded 1249 by Olomouc bishop, got university rights in 1573 when it was led by the Jesuit Order, in 18th century became state university. During oppressions of absolutism of the 1850s, most faculties were closed, only theological faculty remained. In 1946, other faculties were re-established.
Brno University of Technology (BUT) (Vysoké učení technické v Brně, VUT) founded in 1849 as a German-Bohemian Technical College (Německo-české technické učiliště) and transformed into Czech Technical University (České vysoké učení technické) in 1899 with Karel Zahradníček as its first rector. In 1956 transformed into Brno University of Technology (Vysoké učení technické v Brně) and after the Velvet Revolution in 1989 reorganized and new faculties were founded.
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze, ČZU) founded with the charter for the agricultural department at the Czech Technical University in Prague October 1906 by Emperor Franz Josef, following a proposal by Gustav Marchet, Minister for Culture and Education. A government degree was passed in November 1952, establishing an independent University of Agriculture in Prague with the Faculties Agronomy, Economics and Mechanization. In the new millennium the university changed its name to Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (in English) with 5 faculties (Agrobiology, Food & Natural Resources, Economics & Management, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Forestry, Wildlife & Wood Sciences) and 2 institutes (Tropics & Subtropics, Education & Communication).
University of Economics, Prague (Vysoká škola ekonomická v Praze, VŠE) founded in 1919 as Vysoká škola obchodní (the Commercial College) affiliated to Czech Technical University, and currently is the largest university in the field of economics, business and information technologies in the Czech Republic.
After 1989 most of separate faculties in regional cities became standalone universities. They usually bear name of the region. Technology universities in Ostrava, Pilsen and Liberec opened more faculties and branches of study, including humanities, and changed their names.
University of Pardubice - founded in 1950 as the Chemistry College later for 40 years known as the Institute of Chemical Technology.
University of West Bohemia - founded in 1990 (continuation of University of Mechanical and Electrotechnical Engineering, est. 1949 under ČVUT, independent 1953).
Law University in Prague: established by separation of Law faculty of Prague University during the 1360s. In long-lasting religious wars in Bohemia (Hussite Wars, after 1420) Law University ended its being.
Prague German University: because of both-sided language chauvinism between Prague Bohemians and Germans, the old Prague University was divided into two Universities of two languages in 1882. Important scholars have taught there, e.g. Albert Einstein, Christian von Ehrenfels or Hans Kelsen. In the 1930s University got slowly under Nazi influence (rector San Niccolo). In 1945, University was closed by government.
Russian Free University in Prague: this University was established in the 1920s and financed by Government of Czechoslovakia to help Russian emigrants who fled before Bolsheviks from their home country. University was closed by German Occupants in 1939 and by second time in 1945 by new leftist government. Many Russian professors and other Russian emigrees, citizens of Czechoslovakia, were kidnapped to Soviet Russia by NKVD in 1945.
Ukrainian Free School in Prague: this university school was established in the 1920s for Ukrainians who fled before Bolsheviks. School followed the end of Russian Free University, many Ukrainian emigres were also kidnapped by NKVD.