List of unrecovered flight recorders

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Flight data recorders (FDRs) and cockpit voice recorders (CVRs) in commercial aircraft continuously record information and can provide key evidence in determining the causes of an aircraft loss. The greatest depth from which a flight recorder has been recovered is 16,000 feet (4,900 m) the CVR of South African Airways Flight 295.

Recovered recorders are not always able to definitively identify, however, the causes of an accident. Recorders successfully recovered can be too damaged to be read, or may have missing data caused by power loss, as with TWA Flight 800, American Airlines Flight 77 and Swissair Flight 111. In the bombing of TWA Flight 841 on 8 September 1974, neither the FDR nor CVR were recovered from the Ionian Sea, despite the locations being narrowed down through the use of the attached Underwater locator beacons (knows as "pingers").

Date of crash Flight No. Airline Plane type Presumed location Notes
1965-08-16 389 United Airlines Boeing 727-22 Lake Michigan, off Chicago, Illinois Resting in 76 m (249 ft) of water; FDR recording media never found[1]
1970-05-02 980 ALM Douglas DC-9-33CF Caribbean Sea Resting in 5,000 ft (1,500 m) of water; neither recorder found[2]
1973-07-22 816 Pan American World Airways Boeing 707-321B Pacific Ocean, off Papeete, Tahiti Resting in 700 m (2,300 ft) of water; neither recorder found[3]
1975-09-30 240 Malév Tupolev Tu-154 near the Lebanese shoreline Resting in between 600 and 1,000 m (2,000 and 3,300 ft) of water[4]
1979-01-30 cargo Varig aircraft PP-VLU Boeing 707-323C in the Pacific Ocean, around 200 kilometers East Northeast from Tokyo, Japan The aircraft debris were never located and thus, neither the CVR and FDR was found and the cause of the crash was never determined.[5]
1985-01-01 980 Eastern Air Lines Boeing 727-225 25 nmi (46 km) from La Paz at the 19,600 ft (5,970 m) level of Andean peak Mt. Illimani. Due to the extreme high altitude and inaccessibility of the accident location, the FDR and CVR were never recovered.[6]
1987-11-28 295 South African Airways Boeing 747-244B Combi Indian Ocean, near Mauritius CVR located at 4,900 m (16,100 ft); FDR not found.
1987-11-29 858 Korean Air Boeing 707-3B5C Andaman Sea Neither flight recorder was ever found.[7]
1988-07-03 655 Iran Air Airbus 300 Persian Gulf Neither flight recorder was ever found.[8]
1992-10-04 1862 El Al Israel Airlines Boeing 747-258F Groeneveen and Klein-Kruitberg flats in the Bijlmermeer, Amsterdam Zuidoost One Black Box was found. The tape was broken in 4 pieces. The last 2:45 minutes were unreadable.[9]
2001-09-11 11 American Airlines Boeing 767-223ER North World Trade Center, New York City [10]
2001-09-11 175 United Airlines Boeing 767-222 South World Trade Center, New York City [10]
2001-10-04 1812 Siberia Airlines Tupolev Tu-154 Black Sea Neither flight recorder found. Main fuselage of the aircraft, believed to contain the recorder, was believed to be at depth of 1,000 metres - too deep for divers to retrieve.[11]
2004-10-14 1602 MK Airlines Boeing 747-244(SF) Halifax, Nova Scotia FDR recovered; CVR mutilated in post crash fire
2005-10-22 210 Bellview Airlines Boeing 737-200 Lisa Village, Ogun FDR was never found
2009-11-18 2009 Pel-Air Westwind ditching[12] Pel-Air IAI 1124A Westwind II Norfolk Island No fatalities. ATSB was later criticised for not recovering the recorders.
2012-06-03 992 Dana Air McDonnell Douglas MD-83 Lagos, Nigeria CVR recovered; FDR mutilated in post crash fire
2012-12-09 N345MC private Learjet 25 Iturbide, Mexico CVR and FDR destroyed upon high speed impact
2014-03-08 370 Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-2H6ER South Indian Ocean Plane and all 239 passengers and crew missing
CVR missing; FDR missing
search for debris and recorders underway

See also[edit]