List of unreleased songs recorded by Michael Jackson

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An African American man in his mid-twenties wearing a sequined military jacket and dark sunglasses. He walks and waves his right hand, which is adorned with a white glove. His left hand is bare.
Michael Jackson in 1984

Michael Jackson was an American musician and entertainer. He is known to have written, recorded and filmed material that has never been officially released. Many of his unreleased songs have been registered—usually by his company Mijac Music—with professional bodies such as the United States Copyright Office, the Songwriters Hall of Fame, Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI), American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP), the Canadian Musical Reproduction Rights Agency (CMRRA) and EMI Music Publishing.[1] This list, however, only documents the songs explicitly cited as unreleased, and therefore does not contain every unreleased Jackson song registered with such bodies.

In 1993, Jackson—along with Lionel Richie, Quincy Jones, Rod Temperton and Joseph Jackson—faced a copyright infringement suit. The lawsuit came after three songwriters alleged that the pop star and his fellow defendants had plagiarized the hits "The Girl Is Mine", "Thriller" and "We Are the World".[2][3] During a seven-hour deposition, Jackson named numerous unreleased songs that he had written or co-written.[1][4] Following the testimony, a nine-member jury found the defendants not guilty.[5]

Many officially unreleased Jackson songs had been scheduled, at one point, for release, through ways such as his six solo studio albums with music label Epic Records: Off the Wall (1979), Thriller (1982), Bad (1987), Dangerous (1991), HIStory (1995) and Invincible (2001) and the remix album Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix (1997). For varying reasons, the tracks were rejected and, as of 2018, remain unreleased. Jackson's unreleased material includes songs recorded as a solo artist (including covers of songs released by other artists and The Jackson 5 songs) and demo versions, some featuring established artists such as Freddie Mercury and Barry Gibb.

In 2009, after Jackson's sudden death, La Toya Jackson said that she had discovered two hard disks at her brother's home which contain more than 1,000 unreleased songs, many of which were unregistered. It has been said that Jackson, in his lifetime, recorded more than 50,000 songs.

Several of Jackson's songs have been leaked onto the Internet, such as a 24-second segment of "A Place with No Name" leaked by TMZ.com following Jackson's death.[6] At the time of the leak, it was claimed that there were "hundreds" of unreleased songs by Jackson, and that they could be issued for years to come. The curator of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Jim Henke, noted that any future releases would garner significant attention.[7][8][9] On March 16, 2010, Sony Music Entertainment signed a record-breaking $250 million deal with Jackson's estate to retain distribution rights to his recordings until 2017 and release ten posthumous albums—some of which will feature unreleased material—over the next decade.[10]

Key[edit]

Denotes songs registered with Broadcast Music Incorporated
Denotes songs registered with EMI Music Publishing
*
Denotes songs cited by Jackson in his 1993 deposition
(Year) Denotes songs registered with the United States Copyright Office and the year of registration
*(Year)
Denotes songs cited by Jackson in his 1993 deposition and the year they were registered with the United States Copyright Office

Songs[edit]

Song Writer(s) Notes Ref(s).
"A Baby Smiles"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1979
  • Lyrics to the song were featured as a poem titled "When Babies Smile" in the 1992 book Dancing the Dream
[11]
"A Deeper Love" Jerkins, RodneyRodney Jerkins
Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1999 for Invincible
[12]
"A Pretty Face Is" Wonder, StevieStevie Wonder
  • Written c. 1974
  • The song was originally intended for The Jackson 5 or as a duet between Wonder and Jackson. The two reportedly recorded the song for Wonder's 1987 Characters album
[12]
"Addams Groove" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1993
  • Planned song for Addams Family Values movie
  • Cancelled due to allegations of 1993
  • Also known as "Family Thing", "Family values", or "Family morales"
  • One minute snippet leaked online in a promotional video from www.inthestudiowithmj.com
[12]
"Adore You" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
, Bradley BuxerBradley Buxer
  • Title listed on a note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Written and recorded in 2000 during Michael Jackson's Invincible recordings.
[13]
”Al Capone Ft. Roger Troutman Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and Recorded during the Bad sessions (1986)
  • Version without Roger Troutman released posthumously on Bad 25
  • Nearing the Bad album’s completion, Michael sought out the legendary composer and Zapp band member, Roger Troutman. “Michael Jackson called me to work on Bad. He said he was impressed with my song ‘The Dance Floor’ and liked its guitar sound. I actually went to his house and worked with him.”
  • John Barnes later recalled, “He worked with us on several early Bad tracks. It wasn’t kept, but it felt and sounded great. Al Capone had Roger as a guest musician. The track was mostly done when he came in.”
[14]
”All The Truth You Need” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous sessions
  • One of the 20-25 songs worked on with Bryan Loren
  • Title leaked in a video by Shana Mangatal
[15]
"Alright Now" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [16]
"Angel" Edmonds, Kenneth "Babyface"Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds
  • Recorded by Jackson around 1998
  • Had been scheduled to be featured on a shelved greatest hits compilation
[17]
”Apocalypse Now” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Recorded during the Bad sessions
  • Track consists of numerous military cadences composed by drummer John Robinson. “There was a track I did called ‘Apocalypse Now’ that I wrote six and a half minutes of military drum cadences for. I brought in Don Williams, Dan Greco, and Bob Zimmitti. We recorded with four field snares, four piccolo snares, two sets of piatti, and one gran casa. It was a very hip tune, but it never made the record.”
[18]
"Attitude" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Wakefield, KathyKathy Wakefield
Pierre, MichelMichel Pierre
  • Recorded during Thriller sessions
  • Failed to make the Thriller album
[19]
”Bad Company” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1985 during the Bad sessions
[20]
”Bang Your Head” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Feemster, TheronTheron Feemster
  • Written and recorded in 2009 during the This Is It rehearsals
[21]
"Basszouille" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Swedien, BruceBruce Swedien
  • Written in 1994 but failed to make Jackson's HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I album
[22]
"Be Me 4 a Day" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Days, Gray CalixGray Calix Days
  • Written in 1987
  • Also known as "Be me for a day", "Just for one day be Michael", "Just for a Day", "Me 4 a Day" and "Be Michael"
[23]
"Belong 2" , Michael JacksonMichael Jackson
Riley, TeddyTeddy Riley
  • Written and recorded in 1999 for Jackson's album Invincible
[24]
"Bottle of Smoke" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous album sessions (1989-1991)
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album.
[25]
”Boy No” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2009 during the This Is It rehearsals
[26]
”Breaking” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2004
[27]
"Breathe" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2009
  • Planned for the cancelled "This Is It" concerts
  • One of the last songs recorded in Jackson's lifetime
[25]
”Broken Chair” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Feemster, TheronTheron Feemster
  • Written and recorded during the Bad sessions
  • Reworked in 2009 during the This Is It rehearsals
[28]
”Bubbles” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Recorded during the Dangerous sessions
[29]
"Buffalo Bill"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1983 for The Jacksons' Victory album in 1984. The song is about William Cody.
  • Planned for Michael's BAD album but shelved
[30]
"Butter Funk" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Prince, MichaelMichael Prince
  • Song title found on note in Jackson's bedroom
[30]
"California Grass"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Completed in 2003.
[31]
”Call It Off” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous sessions
  • One of the 20-25 songs worked on with Bryan Loren
  • Title leaked in a video by Shana Mangatal
[32]
”Can You” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
, will.i.amwill.i.am
  • Recorded in 2006 with will.i.am
  • May have incomplete vocals
[33]
"Can't Stop Loving You" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [34]
”Casino Night” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2008 in Las Vegas
[35]
"Cheater Ft. Fats" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Reworked during Invincible sessions
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Features rapper "Fats"
  • Also known as “Cheater 2001”
  • Song title listed on note in Jackson's bedroom
[34]
"Chicago 1945" Porcaro, SteveSteve Porcaro
  • Written and recorded during Bad sessions
  • Also known as “Chicago Nights”
  • Unrelated to "Al Capone"
  • Considered for Xscape album but was rejected by the songwriter because of its inevitability of being remixed
  • The song was reworked during the Invincible sessions and later at Neverland in 2004.
  • The lyrics tell a story about three girls who went out at night and disappeared .
  • Hook is "Three girls disappeared on a cold windy night, never to be found again, never to be found again! Who solved the mystery late Chicago night? You can’t hide the truth so won’t ya turn on the light?".
[36]
"Color of My Soul" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Michael's brother, Randy Jackson, recorded a demo titled "Color of Love".
  • Written in 2000.
  • Possibly recorded in 2006 with Whitney Houston's background vocals.
[36]
"Crack Kills"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1986
  • Planned to have been recorded with rappers Run–D.M.C. for Jackson's Bad album, but was shelved.
  • Lyrics consisting of two verses put up for auction in November 2005, and again on the Internet auction site eBay a year later.
  • Run–D.M.C.'s verse was released on the remastered version of Tougher Than Leather.
  • DMC claims the song wasn't finished due to an incident where Bubbles accidentally bit Jam Master Jay according to an interview he gave to HipHopStan.com, which is available to watch on YouTube and he also noted the experience they had with Michael Jackson was positive rather than negative as rumored.
  • Run–D.M.C. was thanked on the Bad album regardless.
[37]
”Creepin’ In” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 2000
[38]
”Crush” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [39]
"Coco Butter" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Prince, MichaelMichael Prince
  • Title listed on a note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Also known as "Butter Funk"
[13]
"D.I.E." Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Feemster, RonRon Feemster
  • Found on a list taped to the wall in Jackson's bedroom on June 25[year needed]
  • Stands for "Dance Is Entertainment"
  • Written in 2006.
[40]
"Dark Lady" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Feemster, RonRon Feemster
  • Song title found on note in Jackson's bedroom
[41]
"Days in Gloucestershire" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Prince, MichaelMichael Prince
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Also known as "Gloucestershire"
  • Written and recorded in 2004
  • Leaked online
[42]
"Dead or Alive" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2004.
  • Instrumental leaked online
[42]
"Deep in the Night" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1987
  • Run time: 4:00
[42]
"Destruction" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2005
  • Sequel to "Scream"
  • Duet with Janet Jackson
  • Planned for Janet's comeback album, "Unbreakable", but was cancelled
[42]
"Dig it" Lennon, JohnJohn Lennon
  • Song from The Beatles
  • Michael Jackson has been recorded in studio singing a little part of this song when he was talking to his team.
[42]
"Do You Love Me?" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Edmonds, Kenneth "Babyface"Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds
  • Would have been written and recorded around 1998
[43]
"Do You Want Me?" Sisqó
Hill, DruDru Hill
  • Would have been written and recorded around 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[43]
"Doing Dirty" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Jackson, MarlonMarlon Jackson
[44]
”Don’t Believe It” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous sessions
  • Title leaked in a video by Shana Mangatal
[45]
"Dreams" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1993
[46]
"Easy" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Would have been written and recorded around 1999 for an album that was shelved due to contract difficulties.
[47]
"Eaten Alive" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Gibb, MauriceMaurice Gibb
Gibb, BarryBarry Gibb
  • Original version of the song written by the Gibb brothers from the Bee Gees, but was reworked by Michael Jackson
  • Later recorded by Diana Ross and released on the Eaten Alive album in 1985 with vocal backgrounds by Michael Jackson
[48]
"Ekam Satyam (The One Truth)" Rahman, A.R.A.R. Rahman
Parthasarathi, A.R.A.R. Parthasarathi
Bharat, Kanika MyerKanika Myer Bharat
  • Recorded as a duet around September 1999 with Jackson (singing in English) and singer Rahman (singing in Sanskrit language)
  • Intended to be on the rumored upcoming album in 2003 but cancelled
[49]
"Elizabeth, I Love You" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and performed by Michael Jackson as a tribute to his friend Elizabeth Taylor in 1997
  • Also known as “Elizabeth”
  • 1 1/2 Minutes of studio CD version leaked
[49]
”Entertainment Tonight” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2000
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[50]
"Faces" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Failed to make the HIStory album
  • Also known as "Face"
  • The song is about African pride
  • Michael Jackson has never recorded any vocals on this track except the introduction words
  • Originally intended to feature a spoken intro by South African Nelson Mandela made by Jackson on the demo
  • Features a performance by the percussion group STOMP
  • The song has never been completed due to Mandela's advisors not allowing him to send back the song to Jackson with his intro because of the scandals surrounding him during this time
  • Short low quality snippet leaked online
[51]
"Fanfare Transition" (1992) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Would have been written and recorded during the Dangerous album sessions (1989-1991)
  • Also named as "Fanfare 1992"
[51]
"Fantasy"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Jackson, JermaineJermaine Jackson
  • Recorded in 1983
[52]
"Far, Far Away"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1983
[52]
"Fear" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written around 1993
  • Failed to make the 1995 HIStory album, remains unreleased in 2018
[53]
"Fever" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Written and recorded in 1991 during Dangerous sessions
  • One of around 20–25 songs Jackson been working with Bryan Loren
[53]
"From The Bottom of My Heart" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded around 2005/2006 as a charity single recording for the victims of Hurricane Katrina
  • One of the last songs worked by Michael Jackson before his death in 2009
[54]
”Get Around” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and Recorded during the Bad Sessions (1987)
  • Later reworked during the Invincible sessions (2000)
[55]
"Get Your Weight Off Of Me" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Jerkins, RodneyRodney Jerkins
Jerkins III, FredFred Jerkins III
Daniels, LaShawnLaShawn Daniels
  • Written and recorded in 2001 during the Invincible sessions with Rodney Jerkins (1999-2001)
  • Finalized and mixed in 2004
  • One of numerous tracks recorded with Rodney Jerkins that is vocally complete and ready for release
  • Often referred to with the wrong title ("Can't Get Your Weight Off Of Me")
  • Only three very short (6/2/2 seconds) snippets are online
  • Much fake audio, fake lyrics and fan-made mixes based on the 6-seconds-snippet online
  • Run time: 5:17
[56]
"Ghost of Another Lover" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • From the "Dangerous" sessions (1989-1991)
  • Song title found on note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Bootleg snippet leaked online without intro in low quality
[57]
"Goin' to Rio"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Bayer Sager, CaroleCarole Bayer Sager
  • Would have been written around the late 70's.
  • Failed to make Off the Wall
[58]
"Got To Find A Way Somehow" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1979
  • Failed to make "Off the Wall"
[59]
"Groove of Midnight" Temperton, RodRod Temperton
  • From the "Bad" album sessions (1986-1987)
  • A short demo snippet by Jackson surfaced online in 2003 in low quality
  • Was later recorded by singer/songwriter Siedah Garrett for her debut solo album
[60]
"Halloween Night" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Supposed to have been written and recorded around 2004
  • Would feature a guitar solo by Slash
[61]
"Heaven Is Here" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Supposed to have been written and recorded during the "Dangerous" album sessions
[31]
"He Who Makes The Sky Grey" Jackson, JermaineJermaine Jackson
Sheik Abdullah of Bahrain
  • Would features vocals by Jackson
  • Would have been written and recorded in 2005
[62]
"Higher Ground" Wonder, StevieStevie Wonder
  • A Stevie Wonder song that musician Donny Osmond confirmed he had been working with Jackson on in a 2003 television interview
  • Recorded in 2003
[61]
"Holiday Inn" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1976
  • Recorded in 1984
[63]
"Hollywood" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Not to be confused with "Hollywood Tonight"
  • Would have been written and recorded around 2000
  • Would have been reworked in 2006
[16]
"Hot Fever" (1985) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [63]
"Hot Fun In The Summertime" Stone, SlySly Stone
  • Would have been recorded during or just after the Dangerous album sessions
  • Cover song of Sly Stone
  • Would features vocals parts by Mary J Blige & D Angelo
  • A new version would have been completed in 2012, was planned for "Xscape", but was cancelled
[64]
"Hot Street" Temperton, RodRod Temperton
  • Recorded during the Thriller album sessions (1981-1982)
  • The early demo of this song is called "Slapstick".
  • Failed to make the Thriller album.
  • In the 1993 deposition Michael is quoted as saying "Yes I like 'Hot street', but Quincy Jones and Rod Temperton said it wasn't good enough."
  • Leaked online
[63]
”House Of Style” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded c.2003
  • Planned for release on the cancelled 2003 album “Resurrection”
[65]
"H2O" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Feemster, RonRon Feemster
  • Title found on a note in Jackson's bedroom
[63]
"I Am A loser" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Buxer, BradBrad Buxer
  • Early version of "I was the loser"
  • Also known as "The loser"
  • Written and recorded around January 2003
  • This song is cited, among others, on a list found taped to the wall in Jackson's bedroom on June 25 2009[year needed].
  • Leaked online
  • Jackson's daughter, Paris, was to have sung with her father to some degree, but it never materialized.
[66]
"I Am forever" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2009
  • Planned to be the final song for the final night of the cancelled "This Is It" concerts
  • Demo version of "Best of Joy"
  • Leaked online in low quality
[67]
"I Can't Get You Off My Mind" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Jackson worked on the song in the early 1970s
  • A demo version/mono acetate is known to exist
  • Snippet leaked online
[68]
"I Don't Live Here Anymore" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written c. 2001
  • Also known by the title "I Don't Live Anymore"
  • Was supposed to be a promo for a shelved 2002 album.
[69]
"I Forgive You"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2007 possibly with will.i.am.
[70]
"I Have This Dream" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Bayer Sager, CaroleCarole Bayer Sager
Foster, DavidDavid Foster
  • Re-written as "From the Bottom of My Heart" (see above).
  • Also known as "I Have a Dream"
  • An instrumental version leaked online in 2006.
[71]
"I Love You" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2004
  • According to Jackson, it's the best song about Love
[71]
"I Love You More" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Prince, MichaelMichael Prince
  • Written and recorded in 2005
  • Recorded by Jackson featuring Britney Spears
  • According to Jackson, it's a continuation of the song "I Love You" (see above)
  • Also known as "I Love You Too"
[71]
"I Was The Loser" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Recorded in 2008
  • Also known as "The Loser" and “I Was A Loser”
  • This song is cited, among others, on a list found taped to the wall in Jackson's bedroom on June 25,2009.
  • Short snippets are online
[71]
”I Will Miss You” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
, will.i.amwill.i.am
  • Recorded in 2006
  • Meant as a tribute to James Brown who passed in late 2006
  • One of three tracks recorded with will.i.am that has completed vocals
[72]
"If You Don't Love Me" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1991
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
  • Had been scheduled for release on a shelved special edition of the Dangerous album.
  • Leaked online in 2006 in low quality
[73]
”I’m Dreamin’” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
, will.i.amwill.i.am
  • Recorded in 2006
  • Also known as “Dreamin’”
  • One of three tracks recorded with will.i.am that has completed vocals
  • Instrumental snippets are online
[74]
"I'm Still the King" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
, will.i.amwill.i.am
  • One of the songs Jackson worked on with will.i.am in 2006
  • Also known as "Still the King"
  • Failed to make the Michael album
  • One of three tracks recorded with will.i.am that has completed vocals
  • Instrumental snippets are online
[16]
”In The Future” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
, will.i.amwill.i.am
  • Recorded in 2006 with will.i.am
  • Also known as “The Future”
  • May have incomplete vocals
  • Instrumental snippets are online
[75]
"In the Valley"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • May have written in the 1990s
  • Recorded with Tyrese Gibson during "Invincible" sessions
  • While working on the song, Michael found the song "2000 Watts" and included it on "Invincible"
[76]
"Innocent Man" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Written and recorded around 1993
  • Failed to make the HIStory album
  • Also known as “The Innocent Man”
  • Lyrics auctioned off in 2009
  • Hook is “If they won’t take me to Cairo, then Lord where will I go? I’ll die a man without a country and only God knew I’m innocent now.”
[77]
"Iowa" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • "I have seen him write things which I don't think the public will ever hear," said Janet Jackson. "He has a song called 'Iowa' that he wrote. People will never hear that song. Just before he left to film The Wiz, he put all the songs he had written on to tape in the studio in our parents' house. Not one of them has been heard and those were songs to cry for. There are things that he's written for orchestras that are classical music, I swear to you. Like something by Bach or Beethoven."
  • Supposed to have been recorded around 1977
[78]
”It” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Written and recorded during the Dangerous sessions
  • One of around 20-25 songs recorded with Bryan Loren
[79]
”It’s Not Worth It” Jerkins, RodneyRodney Jerkins
Jerkins III, FredFred Jerkins III
Norwood, BrandyBrandy Norwood
Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written during the Invincible sessions
  • Originally intended for Jackson, who rejected it after recording background vocals
  • Song later given to Brandy and released in 2002 on her Full Moon album
[80]
“Jane Is A Groupie” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Stone, SlySly Stone
  • Written and recorded during “Dangerous” album sessions (1989-1990)
  • Incomplete and repetitive draft
  • Short Edited Snippet Is Leaked Online
  • Run time: 3:43
[81]
"Joy" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Riley, TeddyTeddy Riley
  • Written and recorded during the "Dangerous" album sessions
  • A different version of the song "Someone put your hand out" by Michael Jackson contains the instrumental version of "Joy" by Blackstreet.
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
  • Riley mentioned "Joy" in a radio interview that Jackson had recorded a solo version of this track and that he would endeavour to hand the tapes over to the Estate.
  • A fake version of "Joy" by voice-alike singer Marcus Williams is online
  • Later released as a single for Blackstreet's 1994 debut album.
[82]
"Kick It" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Daniels, LaShawnLaShawn Daniels
Jerkins, RodneyRodney Jerkins
Jerkins III, FredFred Jerkins III
  • Written and recorded during the Invincible sessions.
[83]
"Kentucky"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in the mid-1970s
  • Recorded around 1975
[83]
"Kreeton Overture" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Winding, JaiJai Winding
Paich, MartyMarty Paich
Leonard, PatrickPatrick Leonard
  • Written in 1984 for the opening of The Jacksons' Victory Tour
[84]
"Learned My Lesson" (1985) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1981
  • Two versions of the song were registered with the United States Copyright Office.
  • Alternate recording of "Much Too Soon" featuring either alternate lyrics or music.
[63]
"Let Him Burn" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
, will.i.amwill.i.am
  • One of the songs Jackson worked on with will.i.am in 2006
  • Also known as “Let Them Burn”
  • Failed to make the Michael album
  • May have incomplete vocals
  • Short instrumental snippet is online
[16]
"Little Girls"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[85]
"Llama Lola"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[85]
"Lonely Bird"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[86]
"Lonely Man"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[86]
"Lucy Is In Love With Linus"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Possibly recorded for Dangerous album
[87]
"Maybe We Can Do It" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Jerkins, RodneyRodney Jerkins
Combs, SeanSean Combs
  • Written and recorded in 2000/2001
  • Features Sean Combs
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[88]
"Man in Black" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Written and recorded during the dangerous album sessions (1989-1991)
  • Planned for release on the later cancelled greatest hits compilation album "Decade 1979-1989"
  • One of around 20–25 songs that Michael and Bryan Loren worked on
  • A low quality snippet streamed, followed by being taking and uploaded onto the internet in 2018
  • Hook is “But the man in black, they say, get the man in black, I want the man”
  • Run time: 6:00
[89]
"Michael McKellar"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1991
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
[90]
"Midnight Man" Temperton, RodRod Temperton
  • Written and recorded in 1981 during Thriller sessions
  • Evolved into "Thriller"
  • On coming up with the title "Thriller", Rod Temperton said, "I went back to the hotel, wrote two or three hundred titles and came up with Midnight Man. The next morning I woke up and I just said this word. Something in my head just said, 'This is the title'. You could visualise it at the top of the Billboard charts. You could see the merchandising for this one word, how it jumped off the page as 'Thriller'."
[91]
"MJ Melody" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1982
  • Recorded in 1992
[92]
"Monster" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 1999 during Invincible sessions
  • Reworked in 2009 during the This Is It rehearsals
  • Completely unrelated to track on Michael album with the same name
  • Bassist CJ DeVillar (produced "Break of Dawn") revealed the song in an interview "Now, I guess Monster is the name of it - the hook I recorded, he sang "you created a monster", There was an orchestra laid out, huge amount of percussion... It was very experimental. It sounded like a very personal Michael Jackson song to me. It was like one of his SGT Pepper songs, that he went kind of 'art' instead of hitting us with 'pop'. He reached down to a different place with this song, it's more challenging to listen to."
[93]
"Neverland Landing"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1993
[94]
"Night line" Ballard, GlenGlen Ballard
Howard, BrieBrie Howard
Faragher, DaveyDavey Faragher
  • Written and recorded during the "Thriller" album sessions (1981-1982)
  • Failed to make the Thriller album
  • Full song leaked on the internet in high stereo quality
  • Also known as "Nite line"
  • Written and composed by Glen Ballard, Davey Faragher, Brie Howard
  • As Michael and his team rejected "Night line", it was instead given and recorded by The Pointer Sisters on Break out in 1983.
[95]
"Not Guilty" Harrison, GeorgeGeorge Harrison
  • Recorded in 1994 after winning the trials
  • Failed to make the History album
  • Featured The Notorious B.I.G.
[96]
"Nymphette Lover" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1981
  • Failed to make the Thriller album
[97]
"Ode to Sorrow" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1977
  • Recorded in 1984
[98]
"On My Anger" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Riley, TeddyTeddy Riley
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[99]
”Pajamas” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Prince, MichaelMichael Prince
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Written and recorded in 2009 during the This Is It rehearsals
[100]
"People Have to Make Some Sort of Joke"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 2000
[101]
"People of the World" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Friends, JJ Friends
  • Written and produced in 1998 for the Japanese fund raising group J-Friends. The song was released by J-Friends on January 13, 1999.
  • Original demo leaked online
[101]
"Peter Pan" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Song mentioned by Jackson on the 1993 CD The Michael Jackson Interview
  • Written and recorded in 1983
[102]
"Pressure" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Jerkins, RodneyRodney Jerkins
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Short snippet is online
[103]
"Pyramid Girl" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [104]
"Rampage" Jerkins, RodneyRodney Jerkins
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Snippet is online
"Resurrection" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Working title for cancelled 2003 album
  • Early speculation suggests that it would have been a double album, similar to "HIStory"
  • Another report suggested the album would also feature remixes from "Invincible"
  • Cancelled due to increased speculation around Jackson and "Number Ones" was released instead
  • Several tracks from the album were instead put on the final disc of "The Ultimate Collection"
[105]
”Revolution” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2001
[106]
"River Ripple" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Recorded in 2009
  • Planned for the cancelled "This Is It" concerts
  • It is the last song recorded by Michael Jackson, and was recorded just a few days before his death
  • Short instrumental snippet is online
[107]
"Rocker" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Song found on note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Also known as "Rock Tonight"
  • Recorded in 2002
  • Similar to Queen's smash hit "We Will Rock You"
[108]
"Rolling the Dice"* Temperton, RodRod Temperton
  • Written and recorded in 1981 for Thriller
  • In the 1993 deposition Michael is quoted as saying "Yes, 'Rolling the Dice' [...] we did a demo that day we rehearsed but we never released it. We never thought it was strong enough."
[109]
"Satisfy" Lewis, TerryTerry Lewis
Harris III, JamesJames Harris III
[110]
"Saturday Woman" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1990/1991 for Dangerous
  • Cited in the book My Friend Michael.
[111]
"Saved By the Bell"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Jackson, JermaineJermaine Jackson
[112]
”Secret Passage” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1998-1999 during the Invincible sessions
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[113]
"Seduction" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Myrick III, Shelby LeeShelby Lee Myrick III
  • Written and recorded in 2001
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[114]
"Seeing Voices" Fine, SidneySidney Fine
Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
[115]
"Serious Effect" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Recorded in 1990 for Dangerous
  • One of the songs Michael Jackson and Bryan Loren worked on together
  • Features LL Cool J
  • Scheduled for release on a shelved special edition of Dangerous
  • Leaked online
[115]
"Seven Digits" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Also known as "7 Digits"
  • One of the 20 songs the pair worked on together
[116]
"She Got It" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Bottrell, BillBill Bottrell
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Recorded in 1990 for Dangerous
  • Scheduled for release on a shelved special edition of the Dangerous album
  • Leaked online
[117]
"She's Not a Girl"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Citied by Jackson at Mexican Depostion in 1993
  • A demo he did at his home studio at Hayvenhurst Encino.
[118]
"She's Not It" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 2002
  • Reworked "Billie Jean"
[118]
"She's Only Fifteen" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Scratch demo made in 1999 during "Invincible" sessions
  • Early version of "Hollywood Tonight"
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Later reworked in 2006
  • Song title listed on note in Jackson's bedroom
  • Leaked online
[118]
"She's Trouble" Shifrin, SueSue Shifrin
Livsey, BillBill Livsey
Britten, TerryTerry Britten
  • Written and recorded in 1981 for Thriller
  • Also known as "Trouble"
  • Leaked online
  • Later it was recorded by Musical Youth for their 1983 album Different Style!
[119]
"Shut Up & Dance" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Prince, MichaelMichael Prince
  • Written in 1999, may have not recorded vocals
  • Found on a list taped to the wall in Jackson's bedroom on June 25[year needed]
[118]
"Siegfried & Roy" (1990) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1989 for illusionists Siegfried & Roy
  • Two versions—vocal and instrumental—registered with the United States Copyright Office
  • Thought[by whom?] to be an early version of "Mind Is the Magic"
[120]
"Silent Spring" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Feemster, RonRon Feemster
  • Title listed on a note in Jackson's bedroom
[13]
"Sister Sue"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [121]
"Slapstick" Temperton, RodRod Temperton
  • Written and recorded in 1982 for Thriller
  • Early version of "Hot Street"
  • Leaked online
[122]
"Soldier's Entrance" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Worked on by Jackson in 1999 with a view to have it featured on the Invincible album
[123]
"Somewhere in Time" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1980
[124]
”Son Of Thriller” Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Instrumental track recorded during the “Dangerous” sessions
  • Title leaked in a video by Shana Mangatal
[125]
"Spice of Life"* Temperton, RodRod Temperton
  • Recorded in 1981 for Thriller
  • Later it was recorded by "The Manhattan Transfer" and released on their Bodies and Souls album in 1983
[115]
"Stand Tall" (1985) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1981
[126]
"Starlight"* Temperton, RodRod Temperton
  • Recorded in 1981
  • Referred to by Jackson as "Starlight Sun" during his 1993 deposition; he sang, "Starlight ... Starlight Sun ... Gimme some starlight, for a new day has begun"
  • Evolved into "Thriller"
  • Leaked online
[127]
"Sympathy"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Jackson, RandyRandy Jackson
  • Recorded in 2003 with his brother Randy.
  • Was supposed to be on an album in 2003 but was later cancelled due to trial
  • Demo version recorded December 2, 2002
[127]
"State of Shock" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Hansen, RandyRandy Hansen
  • One of three songs Jackson worked on with Queen's Freddie Mercury
  • Demo version by Mercury and Jackson was leaked onto the Internet on July 7, 2002 in high quality
  • Different version later released on Victory with Mick Jagger
[128]
"Stay" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Written c.1990
  • Failed to make the Dangerous album
[129]
"Stop the War" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Sager, Carole BayerCarole Bayer Sager
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[130]
"Susie" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1978
  • Could have evolved into "Little Susie", a song featured on Jackson's 1995 album HIStory; or "Blood On The Dance Floor", a song featured on Jackson's 1997 album Blood On The Dance Floor: HIStory In The Mix
[131]
"Thank Heaven" (1998) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1998
[129]
"Thank You for Life"* (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1976
[130]
"That" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Buxer, BradleyBradley Buxer
  • Written and recorded in November 1998
[130]
"That Kind of Lover" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Ruffin, RayRay Ruffin
  • Written c. 2001
[130]
"The Children's Hour"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Japanese version released by "J-Friends" in 1998
  • Instrumental leaked online
  • Snippets of demo version are online
[132]
"The Future" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
, will.i.amwill.i.am
  • One of the songs Jackson worked on with will.i.am in 2006
  • Also known as "In The Future"
  • Failed to make the Michael album
  • Instrumental snippets are online
[133]
"The Gloved One" Sisqó
  • Written c. 2001
  • Also known as "Gloved One"
  • Written by Sisqó for Jackson
[134]
"The Nightmare of Edgar Allan Poe" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Afanasieff, WalterWalter Afanasieff
  • Written c. 2000
  • Also known as "Edgar Allan Poe"
  • Recorded in 2000 for a canceled indie film of the same name starring Jackson
[111]
"The Pain" Stockman, ShawnShawn Stockman
Mason, Jay HarveyJay Harvey Mason
Jerkins, RodneyRodney Jerkins
  • Written during the Invincible album sessions
[135]
"The Sky Is the Limit"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Recorded in 1983
[136]
"The Toy" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1981 for a Richard Pryor movie of the same name.
  • Early version of "Best of Joy"
[137]
"The Truth on Youth" (1990) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Written and recorded in 1990 for Dangerous
  • Also known as “Trust On Youth”
  • Features LL Cool J
[138]
"The World Is No Church" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Had been scheduled to released as an album/compilation in 1999
  • One of the unreleased songs from the Invincible sessions
[139]
"This Is Our Time" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Hill, LaurynLauryn Hill
Foster, DavidDavid Foster
  • Written and recorded in 1999
  • Despite rumours to the contrary, the song was not recorded as a duet with Hill.
[140]
"Throwin' Your Life Away" (1988) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1988
[141]
"To Satisfy You" Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Written and recorded in 1990-1992
  • One of the tracks worked on with Bryan Loren
  • Features Jackson on backing vocals
  • Leaked online
[142]
"Tomboy"*(1985) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1985 for "Bad"
  • Also known as "Townboy"
[143]
"Tragedy of a Cheer-leader"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1991 during Dangerous sessions
  • Instrumental leaked online
[144]
"Tubeway" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written c. 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
[139]
"Turning Me Off"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1987 during Bad sessions
[145]
"Under Your Skin" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1979
  • Also known as "Under My Skin"
[146]
"Unknown" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • It is unclear whether the song is titled "Unknown" or the song title is unknown.
  • Possibly written in 1999 or 1996
[146]
"Verdicts" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Loren, BryanBryan Loren
  • Written and recorded in 1990 for Dangerous album
  • One of around 20–25 songs that Michael Jackson and Bryan Loren worked on
[143]
"On the Rain" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1998
[147]
"Vibrationalist" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Riley, TeddyTeddy Riley
  • Written c. 1999
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Alternatively titled "The Vibrationalist"
[148]
"Victory" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Mercury, FreddieFreddie Mercury
  • One of three songs Jackson worked on with Queen's Freddie Mercury in 1983
  • Demo version known to exist
[148]
"We Are the Ones" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1978
[149]
"We Be Ballin'" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [150]
"What A Lonely Way To Go"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1975
[151]
"What About Us" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1988
  • Recorded 1989-91 for Dangerous
  • Scheduled for release on the special edition Dangerous album in 2001
  • Original version of "Earth Song"
  • Leaked online
[152]
"What You Do to Me" (1985, 1998) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1985
  • First registered with the United States Copyright Office in 1985
  • Re-registered with the United States Copyright Office in 1998
[153]
"What's A Guy Gotta Do" Williams, PharrellPharrell Williams
  • Written in 2000
  • Song was later given to Usher
[154]
"What's It Gonna Be" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [153]
"What's Your Life"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
Jackson, JermaineJermaine Jackson
[155]
"When You Wish Upon A Star Medley" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [156]
"Who Is the Girl with Her Hair Down"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [157]
"Why Can't I Be" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1980 for "Triumph"
[156]
"Why Shy"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson [156]
"Willing and Waiting" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Failed to make the HIStory album
  • Produced by Babyface
  • In an interview, Jackson's assistant engineer said it was one of his favorite songs "A very pretty song - but I think Michael was looking to push things pretty hard on HIStory, Willing and Waiting was maybe a bit softer than the direction he was going"
[156]
''Work That Body'' Michael Jackson

Bryan Loren

  • Written and recorded for Dangerous
  • Planned for the cancelled special edition version of Dangerous
  • Leaked online
"You Ain't Gonna Change Nothin'"*(1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1975
[158]
"You Are a Liar"* Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Failed to make the Invincible album
  • Also known as "You're a Liar" and "You're a Liar, Brother"
[158]
"You Are So Beautiful" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Song Jackson began writing in 2005 as a thank you to his fans for their ongoing support
[159]
"You Told Me Your Lovin'" (1984) Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written in 1979
  • A second version exists, with words and music by Jackson's brother Randy
[160]
"You Were There" Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
  • Written and recorded in 1989 for Sammy Davis Jr.
[13]
"You're Supposed to Keep Your Love for Me" Wonder, StevieStevie Wonder
  • Originally recorded in 1975 by Jermaine Jackson, with Wonder, Jackie Jackson and Michael on backing vocals
  • Re-cut solo version by Jermaine featured on his 1980 Let's Get Serious album, replacing the original recording featuring brother Michael
[161]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b Halstead 2007, p. 1.
  2. ^ Campbell, p. 89
  3. ^ Grant, p. 168
  4. ^ Collier, Aldore. Michael Jackson tries to keep career from crumbling as he fights addiction to painkiller drugs and charges of child molestation. Jet. Retrieved October 17, 2009. 
  5. ^ Federal jury rules in favour of Michael Jackson. Jet. January 31, 1994. Retrieved March 10, 2009. 
  6. ^ Kreps, Daniel (July 20, 2009). "America Respond To Michael Jackson's 'A Place With No Name'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 17, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Michael Jackson's second career really takes off this week". San Jose Mercury News. October 28, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2009. 
  8. ^ Montgomery, James (July 20, 2009). "America 'Honored' By Michael Jackson's 'A Place With No Name' Sample". MTV. Retrieved August 28, 2009. 
  9. ^ Netter, Sarah (July 17, 2009). "Michael Jackson's Unreleased Songs, Continuing the Music Legacy". ABC News. Retrieved August 28, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Sony Places Big Bet on a Fallen 'King'". The Wall Street Journal. March 16, 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2010. 
  11. ^ Halstead, p. 6.
  12. ^ a b c Halstead, p. 8.
  13. ^ a b c d "Image: 28-songs-MJ-was-working-on.jpg, (720 × 420 px)". damienshields.com. Retrieved September 6, 2015. 
  14. ^ Halstead, pp. 14
  15. ^ Halstead, pp. 17
  16. ^ a b c d Halstead, pp. 309–332
  17. ^ Halstead, p. 17.
  18. ^ Halstead, p. 15.
  19. ^ Halstead, p. 20.
  20. ^ Halstead, p. 16.
  21. ^ Halstead, p. 49.
  22. ^ Halstead, p. 25.
  23. ^ Halstead, p. 26.
  24. ^ Halstead, p. 32.
  25. ^ a b Halstead, p. 51.
  26. ^ Halstead, p. 89.
  27. ^ Halstead, p. 58.
  28. ^ Halstead, p. 180.
  29. ^ Halstead, p. 36.
  30. ^ a b Halstead, p. 53.
  31. ^ a b Halstead, p. 389.
  32. ^ Halstead, p. 425.
  33. ^ Halstead, p. 481.
  34. ^ a b Halstead, p. 388.
  35. ^ Halstead, p. 72.
  36. ^ a b Halstead, p. 70.
  37. ^ Halstead, p. 73.
  38. ^ Halstead, p. 86.
  39. ^ Halstead, p. 98.
  40. ^ Halstead, p. 383.
  41. ^ Halstead, p. 383.
  42. ^ a b c d e Halstead p. 386
  43. ^ a b Halstead, p. 88.
  44. ^ Halstead, p. 89.
  45. ^ Halstead, p. 438.
  46. ^ Halstead, p. 95.
  47. ^ Halstead, p. 387.
  48. ^ Halstead, pp. 100–101.
  49. ^ a b Halstead, p. 102.
  50. ^ Halstead, p. 83.
  51. ^ a b Halstead, p. 107.
  52. ^ a b Halstead, p. 108.
  53. ^ a b Halstead, p. 109.
  54. ^ Halstead, p. 114.
  55. ^ Halstead, p. 59.
  56. ^ Halstead, p. 77.
  57. ^ Halstead p. 387.
  58. ^ Halstead, p. 125.
  59. ^ Halstead, p. 129.
  60. ^ Halstead, p. 130.
  61. ^ a b Halstead, p. 139.
  62. ^ Halstead, p. 133.
  63. ^ a b c d e Halstead, p. 142.
  64. ^ Halstead, p. 187
  65. ^ Halstead, p. 28.
  66. ^ Halstead, p. 143.
  67. ^ Halstead, p. 147.
  68. ^ Halstead, p. 147.
  69. ^ Halstead, p. 148.
  70. ^ Halstead, p. 149.
  71. ^ a b c d Halstead, p. 150.
  72. ^ Halstead, p. 296.
  73. ^ Halstead, p. 169.
  74. ^ Halstead, p. 175.
  75. ^ Halstead, p. 189.
  76. ^ Halstead, p. 178.
  77. ^ Halstead, p. 178.
  78. ^ Q, June 1993
  79. ^ Halstead, p. 35.
  80. ^ Halstead, p. 79.
  81. ^ Halstead, p. 190.
  82. ^ Halstead, p. 189.
  83. ^ a b Halstead, p. 194.
  84. ^ Halstead, p. 195.
  85. ^ a b Halstead, p. 204.
  86. ^ a b Halstead, p. 205.
  87. ^ Halstead, p. 212.
  88. ^ Halstead, p. 219.
  89. ^ Halstead, p. 220.
  90. ^ Halstead, p. 223.
  91. ^ Halstead, p. 223.
  92. ^ Halstead, p. 226.
  93. ^ Halstead, p. 238.
  94. ^ Halstead, p. 238.
  95. ^ Halstead, pp. 239.
  96. ^ Halstead, pp. 240.
  97. ^ Halstead, p. 241.
  98. ^ Halstead, p. 242.
  99. ^ Halstead, p. 243.
  100. ^ Halstead, p. 268.
  101. ^ a b Halstead, p. 251.
  102. ^ Halstead, p. 252.
  103. ^ Halstead, p. 252.
  104. ^ Halstead, p. 200.
  105. ^ Halstead, p. 200.
  106. ^ Halstead, p. 198.
  107. ^ Halstead, p. 200.
  108. ^ Halstead, p. 200.
  109. ^ Halstead, p. 265.
  110. ^ Halstead, p. 267.
  111. ^ a b Halstead, p. 240.
  112. ^ Halstead, p. 268.
  113. ^ Halstead, p. 397.
  114. ^ Halstead, p. 278.
  115. ^ a b c Halstead, p. 273.
  116. ^ In Magazine
  117. ^ Halstead, p. 276.
  118. ^ a b c d Halstead, p. 277.
  119. ^ Halstead, p. 279.
  120. ^ Halstead, p. 282.
  121. ^ Halstead, p. 289.
  122. ^ Halstead, p. 286.
  123. ^ Halstead, p. 294.
  124. ^ Halstead, p. 298-299.
  125. ^ Halstead, p. 482.
  126. ^ Halstead, p. 300.
  127. ^ a b Halstead, pp. 301.
  128. ^ Halstead, pp. 306
  129. ^ a b Halstead, p. 309.
  130. ^ a b c d Halstead, p. 310.
  131. ^ Halstead, p. 306.
  132. ^ Halstead, p. 67.
  133. ^ Halstead, p.390.
  134. ^ Halstead, p. 123.
  135. ^ Halstead, p. 248.
  136. ^ Halstead, p. 285.
  137. ^ Halstead, p. 330.
  138. ^ YouTube
  139. ^ a b Halstead, p. 331.
  140. ^ Halstead, p. 317.
  141. ^ Halstead, p. 323.
  142. ^ Halstead, p. 323.
  143. ^ a b Halstead, p. 332.
  144. ^ Halstead, p. 333.
  145. ^ Halstead, p. 332.
  146. ^ a b Halstead, p. 334.
  147. ^ Halstead 2007, p. 335.
  148. ^ a b Halstead, p. 337.
  149. ^ Halstead, p. 342.
  150. ^ Halstead, pp. 345–346.
  151. ^ Halstead, p. 349.
  152. ^ Halstead, p. 350.
  153. ^ a b Halstead, p. 352.
  154. ^ Halstead, p. 353.
  155. ^ name="Halstead, p. 353.
  156. ^ a b c d Halstead, p. 362.
  157. ^ Halstead, p. 359.
  158. ^ a b Halstead, p. 369.
  159. ^ Halstead, p. 373.
  160. ^ Halstead, p. 377.
  161. ^ Halstead, p. 380.
Bibliography
  • Campbell, Lisa (1995). Michael Jackson: The King of Pop's Darkest Hour. Branden. ISBN 0-8283-2003-9. 
  • Grant, Adrian (2009). Michael Jackson: The Visual Documentary. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1-84938-261-8. 
  • Halstead, Craig (2007). Michael Jackson: For the Record. Authors OnLine. ISBN 978-0-7552-0267-6.