List of urban areas in the European Union

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This is a list of urban areas in the European Union with over 500,000 inhabitants as of 2014. The data comes from Demographia and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[1][2][3] Demographia provides figures for urban areas (including conurbations),[2] while the UN DESA figures are for agglomerations only.[3] For comparison, Function Urban Area (FUA) population figures by Eurostat are also provided, however, these measure the wider metropolitan areas.

Important notes[edit]

  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of metropolitan areas. Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are typically not more than 200 m apart, not including rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc. A metropolitan area is an urban area plus any satellite cities around it and any agricultural land in between. For instance Paris is sometimes listed with 12 million inhabitants, Stuttgart is frequently listed with 2.2 million inhabitants, Munich with 2 million or more, etc., indicating the wider metropolitan area of those places. Metropolitan areas, which imply much more complicated definitions (such as the proportion of people in satellite cities working in the core of the metropolitan area), can be accurately computed only by statistical offices, after they have chosen a definition for metropolitan areas, whereas urban areas can be computed by any institution or person with the study of maps, satellite imagery and other geographical data in order to determine the outer limits of a continuous built-up area with one or more neighbouring cities. Furthermore, the list does not make a difference between cities that have multiple satellites and cities that do not. Therefore, two cities with the same demographics for their urban area will have an equal ranking on this list, even if one of the two cities may be much larger as it is the core of a number of satellites.
  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of administrative cities. For example, the list of conurbations contains the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Lille and Kortrijk remain two very distinct cities, each belonging to a different country, culture and language area. For a list of the largest cities of the European Union by population, see List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits.
  • The study of urban areas is useful to analyse how cities develop, which in turn can be used to define transportation, planning and environmental policies, to adjust administrative boundaries etc. At the same time its limitations have to be acknowledged. It is a purely geographic study and disregards all other factors that contribute to the analysis of the functional city. For instance, several cities in the European Union, such as Brussels, have reserved green belts in the outskirts which impacts the size of urban areas but not the "perceived city" as these green belts have now become integrated in what people consider to be the functional city.

Urban areas over 500,000 inhabitants (2015–2020)[edit]

Rank Urban area Image State Population (urban areas; Demographia)[2] ESPON Population (Functional Urban Area)[4] Population (agglomerations; UN WUP)[3] FUA population (metropolitan areas; Eurostat)[1] Density
(per km2;
Demographia)
Annual growth
rate (%;

Demographia)
1 Paris Paris - Eiffelturm und Marsfeld2.jpg  France 14,684,473[5] 12,998,583 13,855,362 12,673,794 3,800 1.83[6]
2 Ruhr
(multiple anchor cities)
Essen-Südviertel Luft.jpg  Germany 6,136,000 5,376,000 N/A 11,300,000 2,800 0.01
3 Madrid Madrid-Azca-Castellana-170913.jpg  Spain 6,006,000 5,263,000 6,729,254 7,100,000 4,600 0.27
4 Milan Skyline Milano - 05.JPG  Italy 4,994,000 7,636,000 3,098,974 7,465,000 2,800 −0.16
5 Barcelona Barcelona desde el mar - panoramio (1a).jpg  Spain 4,735,000 4,082,000 5,658,319 5,900,000 4,300 0.12
6 Berlin Cityscape Berlin.jpg  Germany 4,026,000 4,016,000 3,863,194 n/a 2,900 0.01
7 Athens Attica 06-13 Athens 36 View from Lycabettus.jpg  Greece 3,417,000 3,761,000 3,051,899 n/a 5,000 0.29
8 Naples Napoli.jpg  Italy 3,303,000 3,714,000 2,201,789 n/a 3,600 0.01
9 Rome Colosseo 2020.jpg  Italy 3,207,000 5,190,000 3,717,956 n/a 3,400 0.89
10 RotterdamThe Hague RotterdamMaasNederland.jpg
Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
 Netherlands 2,753,000 1,904,000 N/A n/a 2,700 0.39
11 Lisbon Aerial view of Augusta Street, Lisbon (50644280948).jpg  Portugal 2,719,000 2,591,000 2,884,297 n/a 2,800 0.39
12 Budapest Parlement van Boedapest gelegen aan de Donau.jpg  Hungary 2,429,000 2,523,000 1,713,903 3,100,000 1,900 −0.19
13 Cologne–Bonn Cologne (231726439).jpeg
Bonn mit Stadthaus Ansicht von Beuel.jpg
 Germany 2,100,000 3,070,000 N/A n/a 2,300 0.50
14 Hamburg Hamburg, Speicherstadt, Wasserschloss -- 2016 -- 3230-6.jpg  Germany 2,048,000 2,983,000 1,830,673 n/a 2,700 0.43[7]
15 Brussels Brussels skyline gp.jpg  Belgium 2,041,000 2,639,000 2,044,993 n/a 2,600 0.02[7]
16 Munich Frauenkirche and Neues Rathaus Munich March 2013.JPG  Germany 2,008,000 2,665,000 1,437,900 n/a 4,200 0.72[7]
17 Warsaw Panorama siekierkowski.jpg  Poland 1,965,000 2,785,000 1,722,310 3,000,000 3,200 0.67
18 Frankfurt Skyline Frankfurt am Main.jpg  Germany 1,941,000 2,764,000 n/a n/a 3,000 0.50
19 Bucharest Palatul Parlamentului 1.jpg  Romania 1,880,000 2,064,000 1,867,724 n/a 6,500 0.10[7]
20 Vienna  Austria 1,843,000 2,584,000 1,752,845 n/a 3,900 1.04[7]
21 Katowice Katowice Rynek.jpg  Poland 1,706,000 3,029,000 N/A n/a 3,300 0.11
22 Stockholm Gamla Stan swe.jpg  Sweden 1,658,000 2,171,000 1,485,680 n/a 4,300 0.58[7]
23 Copenhagen Nyhavn MichaD.jpg  Denmark 1,618,000 2,350,000 1,268,052 1,900,000 2,700 0.04[7]
24 Valencia Valencia west night.jpg  Spain 1,614,000 1,398,000 n/a 5,700 0.29[7]
25 Lyon Lyon - La Part-Dieu de nuit - 07-12-2009.jpg  France 1,448,000 1,669,000 1,608,712 n/a 1,300 0.50[7]
26 Turin Turin monte cappuccini.jpg  Italy 1,431,000 1,601,000 1,764,868 n/a 4,100 −0.16[7]
27 Marseille Coucher de soleil sur Notre-Dame de la Garde.JPG  France 1,400,000 1,530,000 1,605,046 n/a 3,100 0.46[7]
28 Dublin View of Dublin, looking east from Sean O’Casey Bridge 20150807 1.jpg  Ireland 1,371,000 1,477,000 1,169,371 n/a 2,500 1.14[7]
29 Stuttgart Stuttgart AltesSchloss03.JPG  Germany 1,357,000 2,289,000 n/a 2,900
30 Porto Cais da Ribeira, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 17.JPG  Portugal 1,351,000 1,245,000 1,299,437 n/a 1,900
31 Lille Lille vue gd place.JPG  France,  Belgium 1,313,000 1,379,000 1,027,178 n/a 2,200 0.50[7]
32 Helsinki Helsinki July 2013-27a.jpg  Finland 1,200,000 1,285,000 1,179,916 1,495,271 2,400 0.81[7]
33 Prague Prague-IMG 1307-Pano-web-X3.jpg  Czech Republic 1,164,000 1,669,000 2,156,809 2,620,000 4,600 −0.07[7]
34 Amsterdam ZuidasAmsterdamtheNetherlands.jpg  Netherlands 1,157,000 2,497,000 1,090,772 n/a 3,200 0.41[7]
35 Seville 19060879124 a5eac59dea o feria abril sevilla 2013.jpg  Spain 1,091,000 1,180,000 n/a 5,600
36 Antwerp MAS Antwerpen 2016-05 --1.jpg  Belgium 1,028,000 1,406,000 n/a 1,500 0.05[7]
37 Toulouse Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg  France 982,000 832,000 n/a 1,100 0.72[7]
38 SofiaPernik AlexanderNevskyCathedral-Sofia-6.jpg  Bulgaria 955,000 3,174,000 N/A N/A 5,700 0.78[7]
39 Nice Nice Port 1.jpg  France 935,000 1,082,000 n/a 1,300 0.52[7]
40 Thessaloniki Salonica-view-aerial2.jpg  Greece 889,000 1,052,000 n/a 4,300 0.39[7]
41 GdańskGdynia (Tricity) Calle Dlugie Pobrzeze, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 06.jpg  Poland 856,000 993,000 n/a 5,000
42 Bordeaux Bordeaux place de la bourse with tram.JPG  France 837,000 918,000 1,244,264 700 0.60[7]
43 Łódź Manufaktura panorama Łódź.jpg  Poland 812,000 1,165,000 n/a 5,000
44 Dresden Dresden Überblick 12.jpg  Germany 773,000 882,000 n/a 2,200
45 Florence Florence Cathedral.jpg  Italy 770,000 645,000 n/a 3,700
46 Palermo Palermo panorama.JPG  Italy 737,000 861,000 n/a 6,000 0.12[7]
47 Bilbao Ayuntamiento-bilbao1.jpg  Spain 731,000 947,000 n/a 5,800
48 Utrecht Stadhuis Utrecht.JPG  Netherlands 723,000 692,000 n/a 3,900
49 Hanover Hannover Altstadt 128-h.jpg  Germany 686,000 997,000 n/a 2,500
50 Poznań 6 Poznan 015.jpg  Poland 674,000 919,000 n/a 2,700
51 Nuremberg Nuremberg panorama morning 3.jpg  Germany 654,000 1,443,000 n/a 3,000
52 Málaga Palacio de Ferias y Congresos de Málaga.jpg  Spain 652,000 944,000 n/a 3,600
53 Kraków Rynek Glowny w Krakowie.jpg  Poland 651,000 1,236,000 1,725,894 n/a 3,500
54 Catania Catania anfiteatro romano2423.jpg  Italy 647,000 707,000 n/a 2,900
55 Zaragoza 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png  Spain 643,000 639,000 n/a 5,700
56 Las Palmas Las Palmas panorama.jpg  Spain 626,000 640,000 n/a 6,800
57 Wrocław Wroclaw 1.jpg  Poland 624,000 861,000 n/a 4,800
58 Riga Riga - House of Blackheads.jpg  Latvia 624,000 1,195,000 n/a 2,900
59 Gothenburg Älvsborgsbron.jpg  Sweden 622,000 759,000 n/a 2,700
60 Zagreb Zageb Croatian National Theater.jpg  Croatia 616,000 1,153,255 n/a 4,400
61 Nantes Quai de la Fosse (de la butte Saint-Anne)- Nantes.jpg  France 583,000 708,000 n/a 1,100
62 Toulon Toulon Faron3 P1440701-P1440708.jpg  France 582,000 518,000 n/a 700
63 Vilnius Vilnius view.jpg  Lithuania 570,000 680,000 649,000 n/a 2,500
64 Bremen Bremen Altstadt (5438245111).jpg  Germany 562,000 1,077,000 n/a 2,400
65 Leipzig Leipzig Burgplatz Panorama.jpg  Germany 552,000 842,000 1,037,782 2,000
67 Aachen Aachen Rathaus pano.jpg  Germany 542,000 672,000 n/a 1,500
68 Mannheim Mannheim Friedrichsplatz 2005 Richtung Augustaanlage.jpg  Germany 537,000 683,000 1,184,343 3,500
69 Grenoble Seilbahn-Grenoble.JPG  France 533,000 555,000 n/a 985
70 Bologna Bologna Panorama.jpg  Italy 532,000 690,000
71 Genoa Genova-Panorama dalla collina di Camandoli.jpg  Italy 531,000 694,000 1,500,000 n/a 7,900
72 Palma Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG  Spain 518,000 433,000
73 Douai-Lens Douai - office de tourisme (3).jpgJean Jaurès square, Lens.jpg  France 511,000 550,000 n/a 1,100
74 Bergamo Italia Bergamo 03.JPG  Italy 508,000 662,000 n/a 3,300

Other notable urban areas[edit]

Urban area Image State ESPON Population (Functional Urban Area)[4] FUA population (metropolitan areas; Eurostat)[1]
OviedoGijónAvilés Santa María del Naranco. Oviedo.jpg  Spain 844,000
AlicanteElcheElda Alicante, Spain.jpg  Spain 793,000
Granada Granada-Day1-10 (47996234956).jpg  Spain 440,000
Vigo metropolitan area Vigo panoramico.jpg  Spain 413,000
Cartagena Teatro romano cartagena 1.jpg  Spain 409,000
Cádiz Cadiz aerea.jpg  Spain 400,000
San Sebastián metropolitan area San Sebastian aerial 7906a.jpg  Spain 403,000* (403,000)
A Coruña Torre de Hércules, La Coruña, España, 2015-09-25, DD 35-37 HDR.jpg  Spain 376,000 (408,00)
Valladolid Ayuntamiento de la ciudad en la Plaza Mayor de Valladolid.jpg  Spain 369,000 (395,984)
Córdoba  Spain 325,000 (360,000)
TarragonaReus Tarragona9.jpg  Spain 325,000 (423,360)
Malmö Central Malmö.JPG  Sweden 658,050
Tampere Tampere from Näsinneula.jpg  Finland 440,372
Aarhus Havne udsigt fra dokken.jpg  Denmark 845,971
Charleroi Charleroi vu depuis Couillet cropped.jpg  Belgium 489,264
Odense Odense - Sankt Knuds kirke 2005-07-16.jpeg  Denmark 485,672
Ostrava Masarykova namesti Ostrava 2009.JPG  Czech Republic 709,768
Braunschweig Braunschweig Luftaufnahme Innenstadt (2011).JPG  Germany 997,089
Brno Justiční palác v Brně.jpg  Czech Republic 735,652
Bari Bari BW 2016-10-19 12-32-30.jpg  Italy 744,564
Eindhoven Hoogbouw Eindhoven overzicht.jpg  Netherlands 761,702
Rouen Cathédrale de Rouen vue de l'Opéra.JPG  France 694,558
Montpellier Montpellier Place de la Comédie.jpg  France 709,347
Heidelberg Heidelberg corr.jpg  Germany 707,346
Lublin Royal Castle in Lublin.JPG  Poland 668,346
Rennes Rennes de hermitage 2.JPG  France 684,304
Augsburg Augsburg - Markt.jpg  Germany 675,285
Kiel KielerStadtzentrumLuftaufnahme.jpg  Germany 649,807[8]
Ghent Gent.graslei.jpg  Belgium 399,741
Catania Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG  Italy 656,989

Top 20 and top 30 urban areas by population[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Eurostat: Cities (Urban Audit) Database. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Demographia: World Urban Areas. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Annual Population of Urban Agglomerations with 300,000 Inhabitants or More in 2014, by Country, 1950-2030 (thousands), World Urbanization Prospects, the 2014 revision Archived 18 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Retrieved 6 September 2015. Note: List based on estimates for 2015, from 2014.
  4. ^ a b "ESPON Project 1.4.3 Study on Urban Functions" (PDF). 24 September 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  5. ^ Aire urbaine de Paris (001), INSEE
  6. ^ Aire urbaine de Paris (001), INSEE
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w United Nations: World Urbanization Prospects Archived 10 March 2007 at archive.today
  8. ^ "Eurostat".

http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf

External links[edit]