List of urban areas in the Nordic countries

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This is a list of urban areas in the Nordic countries by population. The population is measured on a national level, independently by each statistical bureau. Statistics Sweden uses the term tätort (urban settlement), Statistics Finland uses also tätort in Swedish and taajama in Finnish, Statistics Denmark uses byområde (city), while Statistics Norway uses tettsted (urban settlement). The statistical definition is agreed upon in the Nordic countries:[1] a continuous built-up area whose population is at least 200 inhabitants and where the maximum distance between residences is 200 metres; discounting roads, parking spaces, parks, sports grounds and cemeteries – without regard to the ward, municipal or county boundaries.[1][2] This could be compared with census-designated places in the United States.


Rank City / urban settlement Population Notes Image
1 Sweden Stockholm 1,515,017 Capital of Sweden. Municipality: 932,917. The Stockholm urban area, Urban Stockholm, or Tätorten Stockholm as it is called in Swedish, consists of the municipalities of Stockholm, Solna and Sundbyberg, as well as parts of Botkyrka, Danderyd, Haninge, Huddinge, Järfälla, Nacka, Sollentuna, Tyresö municipalities. Metropolitan area, Metropolitan Stockholm or Stor-Stockholm, 2,260,795 (2015). Stockholm old town 2002.jpg
2 Denmark Copenhagen 1,246,611[3] Capital of Denmark. Municipality: 569,557. Statistics Denmark considers the City of Copenhagen (Byen København) to consist of the Municipality of Copenhagen plus three adjacent municipalities, viz. Dragør, Frederiksberg, and Tårnby. [4] Their combined population stands at 763,908 (as of December 2016).[5] The Urban area of Copenhagen (Hovedstadsområdet) is defined as the municipalities of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Albertslund, Brøndby, Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre, Lyngby-Taarbæk, Rødovre, Tårnby and Vallensbæk, as well as parts of the Ballerup, Rudersdal, Furesø, Ishøj and Greve municipalities. The Copenhagen metropolitan area (Hovedstadsregionen) had a population of 1,969,941 in 2014, while the Oresund Region had approximately 3,500,000. Kopenhagen Innenstadt.JPG
3 Finland Helsinki 1,231,595[6] Capital of Finland. Municipality: 632,577. Urban Helsinki, or Helsingin kaupunkialue as it is called in Finnish, is defined by Statistics Finland. At minimum it includes most of the neighbouring municipalities Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen. For the Greater Helsinki area: 1,360,232. Suurkirkko Helsinki maaliskuu 2002 IMG 0629.JPG
4 Norway Oslo 942,084[7] Capital of Norway. Municipality: 647,676. The Greater Oslo Region metropolitan area has a population of 1,546,706. Conurbation includes the neighbouring municipalities Bærum, Asker, Skedsmo, Lørenskog and Oppegård in their entirety, as well as parts of Røyken, Sørum, Nittedal, Rælingen and Ski. It is the fastest growing capital city in Europe.[8] Bjorvika mars2013.JPG
5 Sweden Gothenburg 549,839 Municipality: 536,790. For the official statistical entity Storgöteborg (Gothenburg Metropolitan Area): 964,323 Göteborg från Liseberg.jpg
6 Finland Tampere 328,072[9] Municipality: 217,767. Eurostats population size for Tampere is 369,525.[10] Downtown Tampere1.jpg
7 Sweden Malmö 301,706 Municipality: 328,494. For the official statistical entity Stormalmö (Malmö Metropolitan Area): 707,120 and for the Oresund Region circa 3,500,000 Malmo view2.jpg
8 Denmark Aarhus 264,716[11] Municipality: 330,639.[12] Which is a part of the East Jylland region with a population of 1,279,492. Eurostats population size for Aarhus is 845,971.[10] Århus city trafikhavn.jpg
9 Finland Turku 262,301[9] Municipality: 180,546. View of Aura River in Turku.jpg
10 Norway Bergen 247,731[7] Municipality: 267,150. Metropolitan area: 377,116. Bergen-Fløibanen-view.jpg
11 Norway Stavanger 203,771[7] Municipality: 128,830. Metropolitan area: 297,569.

Conurbation includes the neighbouring municipalities Sandnes, Randaberg and Sola.

12 Iceland Reykjavík 201,049 Capital of Iceland. Municipality: 118,898. Includes the neighbouring municipalities Kópavogur, Hafnarfjörður, Garðabær, Mosfellsbær, Seltjarnarnes and Álftanes. Metropolitan area: 220,000 – 240,000 (30 minute / 1 hour commute)[13] (2011). Reykjavík séð úr Hallgrímskirkju 6.JPG
13 Finland Oulu 196,321[9] Municipality: 191,237 Tuira.jpg
14 Denmark Odense 172,512[14] Municipality: 195,797 Odense Rathaus und Dom.JPG
15 Norway Trondheim 169,972[7] Municipality: 180,280. Metropolitan area: 274,958. Trondheim - buildings near Nidelva 03.jpg
16 Sweden Uppsala 140,454 Municipality: 197,787 Uppsala Church and city centre.jpg
17 Denmark Aalborg 130,853[14] Includes Nørresundby; Municipality: 205,809 Aalborg 2010 - 100 ubt.JPG
18 Finland Jyväskylä 121,851[9] Municipality: 134,756 Jyvaskyla centrum.jpg
19 Finland Lahti 117,481[9] Municipality: 103,187 Lahti centre.JPG
20 Sweden Västerås 110,877 Municipality: 137,207 3000' ovanför Västerås.jpg
21 Norway Drammen 110,503[7] Includes the neighbouring municipality Nedre Eiker in its entirety, as well as parts of Øvre Eiker, Lier and Røyken. Drammen from east.png
22 Sweden Örebro 107,038 Municipality: 135,460 Örebro, Stortorget.jpg
23 Norway Fredrikstad/Sarpsborg 106,758[7] Fredrikstad with 61,264 inhabitants and Sarpsborg with 44,281 have grown together, to form an urban area known as "Nedre Glommaregionen" (the Lower Glomma Region – The cities are placed along the outlet of the river Glomma, hence the name). Fredrikstad bryggepromenade fra Kråkerøybroa.JPG
24 Sweden Linköping 104,232 Municipality: 146,416 Linköping.jpg
25 Sweden Helsingborg 97,122 Municipality: 129,177 Helsingborg view.jpg
26 Norway Porsgrunn/Skien 90,621[7] Includes the neighbouring municipalities of Porsgrunn and Skien in its entirety, as well as a part of Bamble. Skien sentrum sett fra Brekkeparken.jpg
27 Sweden Jönköping 89,396 Municipality: 127,382 Jönköping from Stadsparken.JPG
28 Sweden Norrköping 87,247 Municipality: 130,050 Dalsgatan Norrköping april 2005.jpg
29 Finland Kuopio 87,166[9] Municipality: 105,229 Pori, the river Kokemäki and the central city..jpg
30 Finland Pori 84,778[9] Municipality: 83,473 Kuopio, Finland from Puijo tower.jpg
31 Sweden Lund 82,800 Municipality: 110,488 Stortorget lund 080508.jpg
32 Sweden Umeå 79,594 Municipality: 115,473 Umeå Blick auf Innenstadt mit Scandic-Hotel u. Stads kyrka.JPG
33 Denmark Esbjerg 71,618 Municipality: 115,095 Esbjerg fra oven.jpg
34 Sweden Gävle 71,033 Municipality: 95,055 Gävle-Gamla Stan 2.JPG
35 Finland Vaasa 67,653[9] Municipality: 66,401 Vaasa Trinity Church.jpg
36 Finland Joensuu 66,569[9] Municipality: 74,457 Joensuun pääkirkko.jpg
37 Sweden Borås 66,273 Municipality: 103,294 Boras.jpg
38 Sweden Eskilstuna 64,679 Municipality: 96,311 Eskilstuna flygbild1js-1.jpg
39 Sweden Södertälje 64,619 Municipality: 86,246 Saltsjöbron,utsikt, Södertälje.jpg
40 Sweden Karlstad 61,685 Municipality: 85,753 East bridge karlstad 20061022 001.jpg
41 Sweden Täby 61,272 Municipality: 63,789 Täby Centrum (shopping center) 2009.jpg
42 Denmark Randers 61,163 Municipality: 96,343 Randers Old Town Hall.jpg
43 Sweden Växjö 60,887 Municipality: 83,005 LA2-vx06-vaxjosjon2.jpg
44 Norway Kristiansand 58,662[7] Municipality: 88,320 Kristiansand i den blå timen.jpg
45 Sweden Halmstad 58,577 Municipality: 91,800 Hstd ctr-1.JPG
46 Denmark Kolding 58,021 Municipality: 90,066 Kolding-centre.jpg
47 Denmark Horsens 55,884 Municipality: 85,662 Horsens - gågaden.jpg
48 Finland Lappeenranta 55,433[9] Municipality: 72,748 Lap-ta 2.jpg
49 Denmark Vejle 53,230 Municipality: 109,652 Vejle-2004.jpg
50 Finland Kotka 52,424[9] Municipality: 54,845 Kotkansaari1.jpg
51 Finland Rovaniemi 52,128[9] Municipality: 61,166 Rovaniemi 06101999 rescanned.jpg
52 Sweden Sundsvall 50,712 Municipality: 96,977 Sundsvall in Sweden from above.jpg

Note that the population numbers from the different countries are from different years, as Statistics Norway and Statistics Denmark release the statistic yearly (albeit at different times of the year), Statistics Sweden only release the figures every five years. The Norwegian data is from 2013,[7] the Danish data is from 2014,[15] the Swedish is from 2010[16] and the Finnish is from 2012.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Nationalencyklopedin - Tätort". Nationalencyklopedin. Retrieved 21 July 2014. Translation: 'a for the Nordic countries shared statistical definition of built-up area with at least 200 residents, not more than 200 m between each other (without regard to the ward, municipal or county boundaries)' 
  2. ^ "Localities 2010: Population, age and gender" (PDF) (in Swedish and English). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 21 July 2014. A densely built area includes any cluster of buildings with at least 200 inhabitants, unless the distance between the houses exceeds 200 metres. However, the distance may exceed 200 metres if the cluster of buildings is situated within the area of influence of a larger locality. [...] Even if the distance between buildings exceeds 200 metres, the locality should not be divided if the area between the buildings is used for public purposes such as roads, parking spaces, parks, sports grounds and cemeteries. The same applies to undeveloped areas such as storage sites, railways and 
  3. ^ (BEF44)
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Urban settlements by population and population density, 31 Dec 2015
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Citypopulation Norway
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Urban settlements by population and population density, 31 Dec 2015
  10. ^ a b
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ a b
  15. ^ Citypopulation DENMARK: Major Cities
  16. ^ Citypopulation SWEDEN