List of vegetables used in Assamese cuisine

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This is a list of culinary vegetables used in the cuisine of Assam.

Leafy vegetables[edit]

Assamese name English name Scientific name Image
Paleng Spinach Spinacia oleracea Spinacia oleracea Spinazie bloeiend.jpg
Bor-Maanimuni Asiatic pennywort Centella asiatica Starr 020803-0094 Centella asiatica.jpg
Soru-Manimuni Hydrocotyle rotundifolia Soru Manimuni
Podina Mint Mentha arvensis Mint-leaves-2007.jpg
Kolmou Water spinach Ipomoea aquatica Ong choy water spinach.png
Brahmi Brahmi Bacopa monnieri Starr 010818-0007 Bacopa monnieri.jpg
Dhaniya Coriander Coriandrum sativum Coriandrum sativum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-193.jpg
Maan-Dhaniya Long coriander Eryngium foetidum Hombay3.jpg
Shuklati Patchouli Pogostemon cablin

Pogostemon cablin 001.jpg

Xukloti Bengal Patchouli Pogostemon Benghalensis Pogostemon benghalensis 11.JPG
Xukloti Indian Patchouli Pogostemon Heyneanus Pogostemon heyneanus.jpg
Mosondori Heartleaf Houttuynia cordata Houttynia cordata Leaf.jpg
Noro-singho Curry leaf Murraya koenigii Curry Trees.jpg
Bhedai-lota Skunk Vine Paederia foetida Starr 001101-0044 Paederia foetida.jpg
Pokmou Tomatillo Physalis philadelphica Tomatillo.jpg
Sariyoho Xaak Mustard plant Brassica nigra (L.) Koch. Yellow mustard flower.jpg
Laai Xaak Mustard greens Brassica juncea Mustardgreensraw.jpg
Purna-nabha Xaak Dichondra Dichondra micratha.jpg
Moricha/Datha Amaranth Amaranthus caudatus Amaranthus tricolor0.jpg
Khutura Xaak Green amaranth Amaranthus viridis Khutora.jpg
Pui Xaak Indian spinach Basella rubra Basella alba-2.JPG
Mula Xaak Radish shoots Radijs planten (Raphanus sativus subsp. sativus).jpg
Chuka Xaak Sorrel Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa cultivar 01.jpg
Babori Xaak
Lofa Xaak Lofagreen.jpg
Jilmil Xaak White Goosefoot Chenopodium album Jilmil 2.jpg
Tengamora Roselle Hibiscus sabdariffa Mbo2.jpg
Titamora Jute plant Corchorus olitorius
Doron Leucas plukenetii (Roth.) Spr. Leucas longifolia (Dudhani) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 9506.jpg
Purnanobha Tar vine Boerhavia diffusa Boerhaavia diffusa Blanco1.93-cropped.jpg
Dhekia Fiddlehead fern Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw. Athyrium filix-femina.jpg
Motor Xaak Pea greens Snow pea flowers.jpg
Mosur Xaak Lentil greens Lens culinaris Illustration Lens culinaris0.jpg
Ronga Laaor Aag Cucurbita maxima Duch. Lamk.
Aalu Xaak Potato greens Potato plants.jpg
Kola Kosu Elephant Ear colocasia affinis Songe-Réunion.JPG
Mohanim Margosa leaves Azadirachta indica GntNeemTree.jpg
Shewali Phool Night-flowering Jasmine Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Flower & flower buds I IMG 2257.jpg
Maati kaduri Sessile joyweed Alternanthera sessilis Alternanthera.jpg
Haati Khutura/ Kata Khutura Spiny amaranth Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus.spinosus1web.jpg
Celosia argentea Celosia cristata Blanco1.64-cropped.jpg
Hydrocotyle javanica
Arrowhead Sagittaria sagittifolia SagittariaSagittifoliaLeaves.jpg
Pusley Portulaca oleracea Portulaca oleracea3.JPG
Kona-Shimolu Tropical spiderwort Commelina benghalensis ARS - Commelina benghalensis.jpg
Soru-Pokmou Hound's Berry Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum.jpeg
Arrowleaf Sida Sida rhombifolia Arrowleaf.jpg
Bhringraj False Daisy Eclipta alba Starr 030807-0168 Eclipta prostrata.jpg
Stink lily Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Amorphophallus paeonifolius3.jpg
Methi xaak Fenugreek greens Trigonella foenum-graecum Illustration Trigonella foenum-graecum0 clean.jpg
Piyanj xaak Tree onion
Nohoru xaak Garlic greens Allium sativum Garlic in container.jpg

Non-leafy vegetables[edit]

Assamese name English name Scientific name Image
Bondhakobi Cabbage Brassica oleracea Capitata Group CabbageBG.JPG
Phulkobi Cauliflower Brassica oleracea Botrytis Group Cauliflower.JPG
Oolkobi Knolkhol or Kohlrabi Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group KohlrabiinMarket.jpg
Aloo Potato Solanum tuberosum Yleisperuna 2008.jpg
Kath aloo Yam Dioscorea alata YamsatBrixtonMarket.jpg
Meetha aloo,
Ronga aloo
Sweet potato Ipomoea batatas Sweetpotato.jpg
Beet Beet Beta vulgaris Beets produce-1.jpg
Kosu Taro Colocasia esculenta Taro corms 2.jpg
Koldil,
Kolphul
Banana flower M. acuminata x balbisiana.JPG
Kaskol,
Purakol
Curry banana Musa splendida Musa-sp3.1.jpg
Posola Banana shoot Posola.jpg
Kothal Jackfruit
(Young)
Artocarpus heterophyllus Young Jackfruit.JPG
Potol Pointed gourd Trichosanthes dioica
Bhol Sponge gourd or Luffa Luffa aegyptiaca Luffa aegyptica.jpg
Jikaa Ridge gourd or Ridged Luffa Luffa acutangula Luffa acutangula1.jpg
Dhunduli Snake gourd Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes Cucumerina aka Snake Gourd.jpeg
Toroi
Jatilao (=Jati lau, =Jati laou) Bottle gourd Lagenaria siceraria Jati laou.JPG
Komora White gourd or White Melon Benincasa hispida W tougan4091.jpg
Rongalao Pumpkin Cucurbita moschata Pumpkin with stalk.jpg
Kerela Bitter gourd Momordica charantia Bittermelloncloseup.jpg
Bhat Kerela Teasle Gourd Momordica dioica Bhat Kerela
Kunduli Ivy gourd Coccinia grandis Baby Watermelon BNC.jpg
Siral Mouse melon Melothria scabra Melothria scabra fruit.jpg
Bangi Melothria scabra fruit.jpg
Bhendi Okra, Lady's fingers Abelmoschus esculentus Bucket of raw okra pods.jpg
Tiyoh / Tihu Cucumber Cucumis sativus ARS cucumber.jpg
Mula Radish Raphanus sativus Daikon.Japan.jpg
Gajor Carrot Daucus carota Carrots with stems.jpg
Bilahee Tomato Solanum lycopersicum Tomato scanned.jpg
Kon bilahee Currant Tomato Solanum pimpinellifolium Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium1.jpg
Salgom Turnip Brassica rapa rapa Turnip.JPG
Bengena Eggplant Solanum melongena Aubergines.jpg
Bhekuri Indian Nightshade Solanum anguivi CheruChunda.jpg
Omita Papaya Carica papaya Carica papaya - papaya - var-tropical dwarf papaya - desc-fruit.jpg
Squaas Chayote Sechium edule Sechium edule dsc07767.jpg
Sojina Drumstick Moringa oleifera
Outenga Elephant apple Dillenia indica Flower bud I IMG 8409.jpg
Thekera Thekera tenga Garcinia pedunculata Sukan thekera.JPG
Betgaj Rattan shoot
Bahgaj Bamboo shoot Bamboo sprouts in basket.jpg
Kathphula Mushroom Agaricus bisporus ChampignonMushroom.jpg
Jolokia Chili pepper Capsicum frutescens Thai peppers.jpg
Bhot jolokia Ghost pepper Capsicum chinense 'Naga Jolokia' Dorset Naga Peppers.jpg
Capsicum Bell pepper Capsicum annuum Red capsicum and cross section.jpg
Piyanj Onion Allium cepa Onions.jpg

Beans and pulses[edit]

Assamese name English name Scientific name Image
Mosur mah Lentil Lens culinaris Masoor dal.JPG
Motor mah Pea Pisum sativum NCI peas in pod.jpg
Dhoa mogu White lentil Vigna mungo White lentil.jpg
Mati mah Urad bean Vigna mungo Black gram.jpg
Mogu mah Mung bean Vigna radiata Sa green gram.jpg
Rohor dail Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan Pigeon peas2.jpg
Butmah Chickpea Cicer arietinum Chickpea.jpg
Motormah Dail Split pea Pisum sativum Split pea.jpg
Fesh bean Green bean A green bean.jpg
Runner bean Phaseolus coccineus Illustration Phaseolus coccineus0.jpg
Dangbodi Yardlong bean Vigna unguiculata sesquipedalis Snake Bean BNC.jpg
Rajma Common bean Phaseolus vulgaris Red Rajma BNC.jpg
Lesera mah Black-eyed pea Vigna unguiculata unguiculata Lobia.jpg
Urohi Indian Bean Lablab purpureus Lablabpod.jpg

Spices[edit]

Assamese name English name Scientific name Image
Adaa Ginger Zingiber officinale Ingwer 2 fcm.jpg
Nohoru Garlic Allium sativum Garlic.jpg
Piyanj Onion Allium cepa Onions.jpg
Jeera Cumin Cuminum cyminum Sa cumin.jpg
Kaal Jeera,
Kola Jeera
Black cumin Nigella sativa Nigella Sativa Seed.jpg
Jaluk Black pepper Piper nigrum Dried Peppercorns.jpg
Jolokiya Chili pepper Chilesdearbol.jpg
Halodhi Turmeric Curcuma longa Turmeric-powder.jpg
Dhoniya Coriander seed Coriandrum sativum Sa-cilantro seeds.jpg
Dalseni Cinnamon Cinnamomum verum Canelle Cinnamomum burmannii Luc Viatour.jpg
Elaisi Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum Cardamone.jpg
Long Clove Syzygium aromaticum ClovesDried.jpg
Methiguti Fenugreek seed Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek-methi-seeds.jpg
Boga xoriyoh White mustard seed Sinapis alba Mustard.png
Sofguti Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Saunf or Fennel seeds used as an after-mint in India.jpg
Tezpat Malabar leaf Cinnamomum tamala Indian bay leaf - tejpatta - indisches Lorbeerblatt.jpg

See also[edit]

External links[edit]