List of vegetables used in Assamese cuisine

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This is a list of culinary vegetables used in the cuisine of Assam.

Leafy vegetables[edit]

Assamese name English name Scientific name Image
Paleng Spinach Spinacia oleracea Spinacia oleracea Spinazie bloeiend.jpg
Bor-Manimuni Asiatic pennywort Centella asiatica Starr 020803-0094 Centella asiatica.jpg
Xoru-Manimuni lawn marshpennywort Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Soru Manimuni
Podina Mint Mentha arvensis Mint-leaves-2007.jpg
Kolmou Water spinach Ipomoea aquatica Ong choy water spinach.png
Brahmi Brahmi Bacopa monnieri Starr 010818-0007 Bacopa monnieri.jpg
Dhonia Coriander Coriandrum sativum Coriandrum sativum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-193.jpg
Man-Dhonia Thai coriander Eryngium foetidum Hombay3.jpg
Shuklati Patchouli Pogostemon cablin Pogostemon cablin 001.jpg
Xukloti Bengal Patchouli Pogostemon Benghalensis Pogostemon benghalensis 11.JPG
Xukloti Indian Patchouli Pogostemon Heyneanus Pogostemon heyneanus.jpg
Masendori Fish Mint Houttuynia cordata Houttynia cordata Leaf.jpg
Noro-xingho Curry leaf Murraya koenigii Curry Trees.jpg
Bhedai-lota Stinkvine Paederia foetida Starr 001101-0044 Paederia foetida.jpg
Pokmou Tomatillo Physalis philadelphica Tomatillo.jpg
Xorioh Xak Mustard plant Brassica juncea Yellow mustard flower.jpg
Lai Xak Vegetable Mustard Brassica juncea Mustardgreensraw.jpg
Purna-nabha Xaak Dichondra Dichondra Dichondra micratha.jpg
Morisa Xak/Datha Amaranth Amaranthus caudatus Amaranthus tricolor0.jpg
Khutura Xak Green amaranth Amaranthus viridis Khutora.jpg
Pui Xak Red vine spinach Basella rubra Basella alba-2.JPG
Mula Xak Radish Raphanus sativus Radijs planten (Raphanus sativus subsp. sativus).jpg
Suka Xak Spinach dock Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa cultivar 01.jpg
Babori (Calendula)
Lofa Xak Chinese Mellow Malva verticillata Lofagreen.jpg
Zilmil Xak White Goosefoot Chenopodium album Jilmil 2.jpg
Tengamora Roselle Hibiscus sabdariffa Mbo2.jpg
Titamora Jute plant Corchorus olitorius
Dorun Leucas plukenetii (Roth.) Spr. Leucas longifolia (Dudhani) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 9506.jpg
Purnanobha Tar vine Boerhavia diffusa Boerhaavia diffusa Blanco1.93-cropped.jpg
Dhekia Fiddle head fern Diplazium esculentum Athyrium filix-femina.jpg
Motor Xak Pea greens Snow pea flowers.jpg
Mosur Xak Lentil greens Lens culinaris Illustration Lens culinaris0.jpg
Ronga Laur Ag (Pumpkin Greens Cucurbita pepo
Alu Xak Potato greens Potato plants.jpg
Kola Kosu Elephant Ear colocasia Songe-Réunion.JPG
Mohanim Margosa leaves Azadirachta indica GntNeemTree.jpg
Xeuali Ful Night-flowering Jasmine Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Flower & flower buds I IMG 2257.jpg
Mati kaduri Sessile joyweed Alternanthera sessilis Alternanthera.jpg
Hati Khutura/ Kata Khutura Spiny amaranth Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus.spinosus1web.jpg
Kukura Jara Celosia argentea Celosia cristata Blanco1.64-cropped.jpg
Hydrocotyle javanica
Arrowhead Sagittaria sagittifolia SagittariaSagittifoliaLeaves.jpg
Malbhog Khutura Pusley Portulaca oleracea Portulaca oleracea3.JPG
Kona-Ximolu Tropical spiderwort Commelina benghalensis ARS - Commelina benghalensis.jpg
Xoru-Pokmou Hound's Berry Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum.jpeg
Arrowleaf Sida Sida rhombifolia Arrowleaf.jpg
Bhringraj False Daisy Eclipta alba Starr 030807-0168 Eclipta prostrata.jpg
Ul Kosu Stink lily Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Amorphophallus paeonifolius3.jpg
Methi xak Fenugreek greens Trigonella foenum-graecum Illustration Trigonella foenum-graecum0 clean.jpg
Piaz xak Tree onion
Nohoru xak Garlic greens Allium sativum Garlic in container.jpg

Non-leafy vegetables[edit]

Assamese name English name Scientific name Image
Bondhakobi Cabbage Brassica oleracea Capitata Group CabbageBG.JPG
Fulkobi Cauliflower Brassica oleracea Botrytis Group Cauliflower.JPG
Ulkobi Knolkhol or Kohlrabi Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group KohlrabiinMarket.jpg
Alu Potato Solanum tuberosum Yleisperuna 2008.jpg
Kath alu Yam Dioscorea alata YamsatBrixtonMarket.jpg
Mitha alu,
Ronga aloo
Sweet potato Ipomoea batatas Sweetpotato.jpg
Bit Beet Beta vulgaris Beets produce-1.jpg
Kosu Taro Colocasia esculenta Taro corms 2.jpg
Koldil,
Kolful
Banana flower M. acuminata x balbisiana.JPG
Kaskol,
Purakol
Curry banana Musa splendida Musa-sp3.1.jpg
Posola Banana shoot Posola.jpg
Kothalor Musi Jackfruit
(Young)
Artocarpus heterophyllus Young Jackfruit.JPG
Potol Pointed gourd Trichosanthes dioica
Bhul Sponge gourd or Luffa Luffa aegyptiaca Luffa aegyptica.jpg
Zika Ridge gourd or Ridged Luffa Luffa acutangula Luffa acutangula1.jpg
Dhunduli Snake gourd Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes Cucumerina aka Snake Gourd.jpeg
Toroi
Zati-lau Bottle gourd Lagenaria siceraria Jati laou.JPG
Kumura White gourd or White Melon Benincasa hispida W tougan4091.jpg
Rongalau Pumpkin Cucurbita moschata Pumpkin with stalk.jpg
Tita Kerela Bitter gourd Momordica charantia Bittermelloncloseup.jpg
Bhat Kerela Teasle Gourd Momordica dioica Bhat Kerela
Kunduli Ivy gourd Coccinia grandis Baby Watermelon BNC.jpg
Siral Mouse melon Melothria scabra Melothria scabra fruit.jpg
Bangi Santa claus melon Melothria scabra fruit.jpg
Bhendi Okra, Lady's fingers Abelmoschus esculentus Bucket of raw okra pods.jpg
Tioh / Tihu Cucumber Cucumis sativus ARS cucumber.jpg
Mula Radish Raphanus sativus Daikon.Japan.jpg
Gazor Carrot Daucus carota Carrots with stems.jpg
Bilahi Tomato Solanum lycopersicum Tomato scanned.jpg
Kon bilahi Cherry Tomato Solanum pimpinellifolium Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium1.jpg
Salgum Turnip Brassica rapa rapa Turnip.JPG
Bengena Eggplant Solanum melongena Aubergines.jpg
Bhekuri Indian Nightshade Solanum anguivi CheruChunda.jpg
Omita Papaya Carica papaya Carica papaya - papaya - var-tropical dwarf papaya - desc-fruit.jpg
Iskos (borrowed from English: Squash) Chayote Sechium edule Sechium edule dsc07767.jpg
Sozina Drumstick Moringa oleifera
Outenga Elephant apple Dillenia indica Flower bud I IMG 8409.jpg
Thekera Thekera tenga Garcinia pedunculata Sukan thekera.JPG
Betgaz Rattan shoot
Bahgaz Bamboo shoot Bamboo sprouts in basket.jpg
Kathfula Mushroom Agaricus bisporus ChampignonMushroom.jpg
Zolokia Chili pepper Capsicum frutescens Thai peppers.jpg
Bhut Zolokia Bhut jolokia Capsicum chinense 'Naga Jolokia' Dorset Naga Peppers.jpg
Kepsikam Bell pepper Capsicum annuum Red capsicum and cross section.jpg
Piaz Onion Allium cepa Onions.jpg

Beans and pulses[edit]

Assamese name English name Scientific name Image
Mosur mah Lentil Lens culinaris Masoor dal.JPG
Motor mah Pea Pisum sativum NCI peas in pod.jpg
Dhua mogu White lentil Vigna mungo White lentil.jpg
Mati mah Urad bean Vigna mungo Black gram.jpg
Mogu mah Mung bean Vigna radiata Sa green gram.jpg
Rohor dail/dali Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan Pigeon peas2.jpg
Bootmaah Chickpea Cicer arietinum Chickpea.jpg
Motormah Dail/Dali Split pea Pisum sativum Split pea.jpg
French bean Green bean A green bean.jpg
Runner bean Phaseolus coccineus Illustration Phaseolus coccineus0.jpg
Dangbodi/Lesera/Leseri Yardlong bean Vigna unguiculata sesquipedalis Snake Bean BNC.jpg
Razma Common bean Phaseolus vulgaris Red Rajma BNC.jpg
Lesera mah Black-eyed pea Vigna unguiculata unguiculata Lobia.jpg
Urohi Indian Bean Lablab purpureus Lablabpod.jpg

Spices[edit]

Assamese name English name Scientific name Image
Aada Ginger Zingiber officinale Ingwer 2 fcm.jpg
Nohoru Garlic Allium sativum Garlic.jpg
Piyaaj Onion Allium cepa Onions.jpg
Jeera Cumin Cuminum cyminum Sa cumin.jpg
Kaal Jeera,
Kola Jeera
Black cumin Nigella sativa Nigella Sativa Seed.jpg
Jaluk Black pepper Piper nigrum Dried Peppercorns.jpg
Jolokiya Chili pepper Chilesdearbol.jpg
Halodhi Turmeric Curcuma longa Turmeric-powder.jpg
Dhoniya Coriander seed Coriandrum sativum Sa-cilantro seeds.jpg
Dalseni Cinnamon Cinnamomum verum Canelle Cinnamomum burmannii Luc Viatour.jpg
Elaichi Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum Cardamone.jpg
Lwong Clove Syzygium aromaticum ClovesDried.jpg
Methiguti Fenugreek seed Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek-methi-seeds.jpg
Boga Horiyoh White mustard seed Sinapis alba Mustard.png
Sofguti Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Saunf or Fennel seeds used as an after-mint in India.jpg
Tezpat Bay leaf Cinnamomum tamala Indian bay leaf - tejpatta - indisches Lorbeerblatt.jpg

See also[edit]

External links[edit]