List of venomous animals
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Venomous animals include:
- Strictly speaking, all spiders and scorpions possess venom, though only a handful are medically significant.
- Australian funnel-web spider
- Black widow spider
- Brazilian wandering spider
- Brown recluse spider
- Redback spider
- Scorpions: Of more than a thousand known species of scorpion, only a few have venom that is dangerous to humans.
- Jellyfish sting using microscopic cells called nematocysts, which are capsules full of venom expelled through a microscopic lance. Contact with a jellyfish tentacle can trigger millions of nematocysts to pierce the skin and inject venom.
- Portuguese Man o' War
- Sea Anemones
- Some Corals
- The remipede Xibalbanus tulumensis looks like a white centipede with a long segmented body and scores of legs which display a swimming motion. They live in underground caves of Mexico and Central America. Although blind, they are formidable predators, and feed on the shrimp that share their underground pools.
- Some scientists have proposed that Sinornithosaurus had a venomous bite, but recent evidence suggests otherwise.
There are at least 1,200 species of venomous fish, and they include
- The Stonefish, Lionfish, Scorpion Fish, Stargazer, and Toadfish (Daector and Thalassophryne).
- Dogfish sharks
- European mole
- Platypus (male)
- Elliot's short-tailed shrew [disputed]
- Eurasian water shrew
- Mediterranean water shrew
- Northern short-tailed shrew
- Southern short-tailed shrew [disputed]
- Cuban solenodon
- Hispaniolan solenodon
- Slow loris [disputed]
- Venomous snakes
- Venomous lizards
- Certain members of the genus Varanus, such as the perentie and Komodo dragon.
- Funnel-web Spiders Archived 27 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine. at the Australian Museum, Sydney
- Jone SC. "Ohio State University Fact Sheet: Brown Recluse Spider". Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2006-09-02.
- "Poisonous Animals: Scorpion (Scorpiones)". library.thinkquest.org. ThinkQuest. c. 2000. Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 2014-12-03.
- Gianechini, F.A., Agnolín, F.L. and Ezcurra, M.D. (2010). "A reassessment of the purported venom delivery system of the bird-like raptor Sinornithosaurus." Paläontologische Zeitschrift, in press. doi:10.1007/s12542-010-0074-9
- Grady, Denise Venom Runs Thick in Fish Families, Researchers Learn New York Times 22 August 2006.
- Ternay, A. "Dangerous and Venomous Aquarium Fish" (PDF). fishchannel.com.