List of last surviving World War I veterans
The following is a list of known veterans of the First World War (28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918) who died in 2009 (5 veterans), 2010 (1 veteran), 2011 (2 veterans) and 2012 (1 veteran). WRAF member Florence Green, who died on 4 February 2012, was the last surviving veteran of any nation.
Veterans by country of service – 9 veterans
On 27 June 2006, the British Government approved a National Memorial Service at Westminster Abbey, to take place after the death of the last known World War I veteran from the United Kingdom. On 11 November 2009, despite the survival to that date of Claude Choules and Florence Green, the commemoration was held following the death of Harry Patch. On 21 November 2006, the Canadian House of Commons approved a state funeral for the last World War I veteran to have served in the Canadian forces, but this was declined by John Babcock.
|Australia||Ross, John Campbell (Jack)||11 March 1899||3 June 2009 (110)||Last Australian digger and the last veteran of any status to serve Australia in the conflict. Joined in early 1918 as wireless operator, but did not see action. Served in Home Guard in World War II. Australia's oldest person. Lived in Bendigo, Victoria.|
|Canada||Babcock, John Henry Foster (Jack)||23 July 1900||18 February 2010 (109)||Last Canadian veteran. Declined state funeral. Joined in 1916. Served first in 146th, CEF, then transferred to Boys Battalion. Completed training in UK but did not see action due to age. Moved to US in 1924. Lived in Spokane, Washington.|
|United Kingdom||Allingham, Henry William||6 June 1896||18 July 2009 (113)||Last airman. Served in the 12 Squadron RNAS (later RAF). Joined in 1915 as mechanic. Last veteran of the Battle of Jutland. World's oldest man and oldest ever British man. Oldest veteran ever to see action. Lived in Brighton, Sussex.|
|United Kingdom||Choules, Claude Stanley||3 March 1901||5 May 2011 (110)||Last living combatant of World War I. Last seaman. Last veteran who served in both World Wars. Last male veteran. Joined in 1916. Last witness to the German Naval surrender. Moved to Australia in 1926 and served with Royal Australian Navy in World War II. Lived in Perth, Western Australia.|
|United Kingdom||Green, Florence Beatrice||19 February 1901||4 February 2012 (110)||Last veteran. Worked as a waitress in the Women's Royal Air Force. Lived in North Lynn, Norfolk.|
|United Kingdom||Hughes, Netherwood (Ned)||12 June 1900||4 April 2009 (108)||Called up to the 51st Manchester Regiment in mid 1918 as truck driver. Did not see action as he was still in training. Lived in Accrington, Lancashire.|
|United Kingdom||Patch, Henry John (Harry)||17 June 1898||25 July 2009 (111)||Last Tommy. Served in the British Army under the 7th Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Last veteran to serve in trenches and to be wounded in action. Called up in 1916. Last survivor of Battle of Passchendaele. Fireman in World War II. Europe's oldest man upon death. Lived in Wells, Somerset.|
|United Kingdom||Stone, William Frederick (Bill)||23 September 1900||10 January 2009 (108)||Joined Royal Navy in 1918. Did not see action as he was still in training, but was also a World War II veteran. Lived in Reading, Berkshire at the time of his death.|
|United States||Buckles, Frank Woodruff||1 February 1901||27 February 2011 (110)||United States Army 1st Fort Riley Casual Detachment Last American veteran. Joined in 1917. Ambulance driver near Western Front. Held prisoner in World War II as a civilian. Lived in Charles Town, West Virginia.|
Unverified World War I veterans – 4 veterans
Listed here are the veterans who were not verified as a World War I veteran.
|Italy||Dal Santo, Sante||8 September 1902||26 February 2009 (106)||Claimed to have joined up in 1916 at the age of 14 as a "Digger" digging trenches and tunnels. Also served in World War II. Lived in Montecchio Precalcino.|
|Italy||Dozzi, Carlo||25 January 1901||30 May 2009 (108)||Claimed to have joined up in 1917 at the age of 16 as a "Digger" digging trenches and tunnels. Also served in World War II. Lived in Maniago.|
|United Kingdom||Futcher, Harry||21 April 1904||27 May 2010 (106)||Claimed to have joined up in 1918 at the age of 14 as a bandsman in the British Army serving in Egypt during the First World War. Lived in Dorset, England.|
|United Kingdom||Terrey, Douglas Edward (Doug)||23 June 1903||26 June 2010 (107)||Claimed to have joined up in 1917 as bicycle courier delivering messages in the Southampton Military District. Served in Home Guard in World War II. Lived in Southampton, Hampshire.|
World War I era veterans – 8 veterans
Listed here are those that joined the armed services after the Armistice date, but before the Treaty of Versailles was signed, or where there is debate on their join-date, or whose military service is sometimes viewed as outside the scope of "WWI", but are considered World War I-era veterans by the press or by their respective governments, or served in a related conflict.
|Brazil||Cardoso, Waldemar Levy||4 December 1900||13 May 2009 (108)||Last Brazilian World War I-Era veteran, served in the Brazilian Army, joining in late 1918 but did not see action. Lieutenant Colonel in World War II. Last living Brazilian field marshal. Later lived in Rio de Janeiro.|
|Finland||Arvonen, Aarne Armas (Arska)||4 August 1897||1 January 2009 (111)||Last Red Guard veteran from the Finnish Civil War. Oldest Nordic person and Finland's oldest ever man. Last living Finn born in the 19th century. Lived in Järvenpää.|
|Finland||Nurminen, Lauri||9 September 1906||20 February 2009 (102)||Last White Guard and possibly last Finnish Civil War veteran. Served in Ernst Linders Satakunta army group. Lived in Valkeakoski, Finland.|
|France||Félix Maximilian Rostaing||27 December 1900||31 December 2009 (109)||French World War I-Era veteran, served in the Franco-Turkish War. Re-enlisted in 1928 and served in China, Mali and Morocco. Lived in Capbreton, France.|
|Germany||Fink, Helmut||18 March 1901||27 April 2009 (108)||Last German Revolution veteran and last German World War I-Era veteran, served in the Freikorps during the German Revolution of 1918-1919. Lived in Germany.|
|Poland||Kowalski, Józef||2 February 1900||7 December 2013 (113)||Last World War I-era veteran, fought in the Polish Soviet War between 1919-21.|
|Poland||Meisel, Wilhelm||1904||2009 (105)||Last Silesian Uprisings veteran, joined up in 1919 at the age of 15 and served for the Polish Army during the Silesian uprising until it ended in 1921. Lived in Poland.|
|United States||Rex, Robley Henry||2 May 1901||28 April 2009 (107)||Last American World War I-era veteran, Joined 5th Infantry Division in May 1919. Later moved to 28th Infantry. Served in Intelligence Unit. Lived in Louisville, Kentucky.|
Totals – 20 veterans
- Verified veterans – 9
- Unverified veterans – 4
- World War I-Era veterans – 8
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Mr Choules was informed by his 80-year-old daughter Anne Pow over the weekend that the death of 111-year-old Harry Patch, Britain's last soldier who fought in the Great War's infamous trenches, had made him the country's sole survivor.
- "Last WWI combat veteran Claude Choules dies aged 110". BBC News. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Norfolk first world war veteran dies aged 110". Eastern Daily Press. 7 February 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
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- Patch, Harry; van Emden, Richard (2007). The Last Fighting Tommy. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-9115-3.
- WWI veteran Patch dies aged 111
- Stone, Bill (2009-01-11). "Naval and Other Memories of William Frederick Stone". H.M.S. Hood Association. Retrieved 2009-01-11.
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- "Oldest Living Heroes Remembered". CBS News. 2006-11-11. Retrieved 2007-01-22.
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- Courson, Paul (2011-02-28). "Last living U.S. World War I veteran dies". CNN. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
- "Alpino Sante Dal Santo – il vecio dei veci" (in Italian). Mett Ivia. 2008-05-08. Archived from the original on 30 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
- Arbori, Giuseppe. "Sante dal Santo – Classe 1902" (in Italian). Ana Vicenza. Archived from the original on 16 June 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
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- "East Dorset man celebrates 106th birthday". Daily Echo. 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
- Obituary of Harry Futcher
- "Army remembers old soldier Doug". Southern Daily Echo. 2003-06-27. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- "105th birthday – Mr Douglas Terrey". Marchwood Parish Council. 2008-09-28. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- Lacerda Ramalho, Henrique. "Waldemar Levy Cardoso" (in Portuguese). Rivkah. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
- Cohen, Vivianne. "Testemunhas do Seculo" (in Portuguese). Terra. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
- Seppälä, Anu (1999-12-24). "Arska, entering his third century and NOT "growing old gracefully"". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
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- Koikkalainen, Olli (2009-03-05). "The last freedom fighter buried with pine sword". Valkeakoski Sanomat. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Felix ROSTAING - Un poilu d'Orient décédé le 31/12/2009" (in French). Pages 14-18 Forum. 2010-02-24. Retrieved 2015-06-12.
- Stapleton, Ellen R. (2003-11-09). "Ky.'s oldest veteran, 102, still devoted to service". The Enquirer. Retrieved 2007-01-22.
- Senator McConnell, Mitch (2008-05-12). "Honouring Robley Rex". Govtrack. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
- Shafer, Sheldon S. & Burba, Paula (2009-04-28). "Robley Rex, WWI-era vet, dies at age 107". The Courier Journal. Archived from the original on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 2009-04-29.