List of vice presidents of the United States by time in office

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This is a list of vice presidents of the United States by time in office. The basis of the list is the difference between dates. The length of a full four-year vice-presidential term of office amounts to 1,461 days (three common years of 365 days plus one leap year of 366 days). If counted by number of calendar days all the figures would be one greater.

Since 1789, there have been 49 people sworn into office as Vice President of the United States. Of these, nine succeeded to the presidency during their term, seven died while in office, and two resigned. Since the adoption of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution (February 10, 1967), when there is a vacancy in the office of the vice president, the president nominates a successor who takes office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Vice presidents by time in office[edit]

Rank Vice President Length
in days
Order of vice presidency President served under Number of terms
1
tie
Daniel D. Tompkins 2,922 6th • March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825 James Monroe Two full terms
Thomas R. Marshall 2,922 28th • March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson Two full terms
Richard Nixon 2,922 36th • January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower Two full terms
George H. W. Bush 2,922 43rd • January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989 Ronald Reagan Two full terms
Al Gore 2,922[a] 45th • January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton Two full terms
Dick Cheney 2,922 46th • January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009 George W. Bush Two full terms
Joe Biden 2,922 47th • January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017 Barack Obama Two full terms
8 John Nance Garner 2,879[b] 32nd • March 4, 1933 – January 20, 1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt Two full terms
9 John Adams 2,874[c] 1st • April 21, 1789 – March 4, 1797 George Washington Two full terms
10 John C. Calhoun 2,856 7th • March 4, 1825 – December 28, 1832[d] John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson One full term; resigned 3 years, 9 months and 24 days into second term
11 George Clinton 2,604 4th • March 4, 1805 – April 20, 1812[e] Thomas Jefferson and James Madison One full term; died 3 years, 1 month and 16 days into second term
12 Spiro Agnew 1,724 39th • January 20, 1969 – October 10, 1973[d] Richard Nixon One full term; resigned 8 months and 20 days into second term
13
tie
Aaron Burr 1,461 3rd • March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1805 Thomas Jefferson One full term
Martin Van Buren 1,461 8th • March 4, 1833 – March 4, 1837 Andrew Jackson One full term
Richard Johnson 1,461 9th • March 4, 1837 – March 4, 1841 Martin Van Buren One full term
George M. Dallas 1,461 11th • March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849 James K. Polk One full term
John C. Breckinridge 1,461 14th • March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861 James Buchanan One full term
Hannibal Hamlin 1,461 15th • March 4, 1861 – March 4, 1865 Abraham Lincoln One full term
Schuyler Colfax 1,461 17th • March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1873 Ulysses S. Grant One full term
William A. Wheeler 1,461 19th • March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes One full term
Levi P. Morton 1,461 22nd • March 4, 1889 – March 4, 1893 Benjamin Harrison One full term
Adlai E. Stevenson 1,461 23rd • March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1897 Grover Cleveland One full term
Charles W. Fairbanks 1,461 26th • March 4, 1905 – March 4, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt One full term
Charles G. Dawes 1,461 30th • March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge One full term
Charles Curtis 1,461 31st • March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover One full term
Henry A. Wallace 1,461 33rd • January 20, 1941 – January 20, 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt One full term
Alben W. Barkley 1,461 35th • January 20, 1949 – January 20, 1953 Harry S. Truman One full term
Hubert Humphrey 1,461 38th • January 20, 1965 – January 20, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson One full term
Walter Mondale 1,461 42nd • January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter One full term
Dan Quayle 1,461 44th • January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush One full term
Mike Pence 1,461 48th • January 20, 2017 – January 20, 2021 Donald Trump One full term
32 Thomas Jefferson 1,460[a] 2nd • March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801 John Adams One full term
33 James S. Sherman 1,336 27th • March 4, 1909 – October 30, 1912[e] William Howard Taft Died 3 years, 9 months and 26 days into term
34 Lyndon B. Johnson 1,036 37th • January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963[f] John F. Kennedy Succeeded to presidency 2 years, 10 months and 2 days into term
35 Henry Wilson 993 18th • March 4, 1873 – November 22, 1875[e] Ulysses S. Grant Died 2 years, 8 months and 18 days into term
36 Garret Hobart 992[a] 24th • March 4, 1897 – November 21, 1899[e] William McKinley Died 2 years, 8 months and 17 days into term
37 Calvin Coolidge 881 29th • March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923[f] Warren G. Harding Succeeded to presidency 2 years, 4 months and 29 days into term
38 Nelson Rockefeller 763 41st • December 19, 1974[g] – January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford One partial term (2 years, 1 month and 1 day)
39 Elbridge Gerry 629 5th • March 4, 1813 – November 23, 1814[e] James Madison Died 1 year, 8 months and 19 days into term
40 Millard Fillmore 492 12th • March 4, 1849 – July 9, 1850[f] Zachary Taylor Succeeded to presidency 1 year, 4 months and 5 days into term
41 Kamala Harris 370[h] 49th • January 20, 2021 – Incumbent Joe Biden Currently serving
42 Thomas A. Hendricks 266 21st • March 4 – November 25, 1885[e] Grover Cleveland Died 8 months and 21 days into term
43 Gerald Ford 246 40th • December 6, 1973[g] – August 9, 1974[f] Richard Nixon Succeeded to presidency 8 months and 3 days into partial term
44 Chester A. Arthur 199 20th • March 4 – September 19, 1881[f] James A. Garfield Succeeded to presidency 6 months and 15 days into term
45 Theodore Roosevelt 194 25th • March 4 – September 14, 1901[f] William McKinley Succeeded to presidency 6 months and 10 days into term
46 Harry S. Truman 82 34th • January 20 – April 12, 1945[f] Franklin D. Roosevelt Succeeded to presidency 2 months and 23 days into term
47 William R. King 45 13th • March 4 – April 18, 1853[e] Franklin Pierce Died 1 month and 14 days into term
48 Andrew Johnson 42 16th • March 4 – April 15, 1865[f] Abraham Lincoln Succeeded to presidency 1 month and 11 days into term
49 John Tyler 31 10th • March 4 – April 4, 1841[f] William Henry Harrison Succeeded to presidency 31 days into term

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Of years evenly divisible by 100, only those evenly divisible by 400 are leap years. The years 1800 and 1900 are divisible by 100, but not by 400; thus, the term of Thomas Jefferson (1797–1801) did not include a 366-day leap year, and so was one day shorter than a normal full term, as would have been the term of Garret Hobart (1897–1901) had he lived to finish it. The year 2000 is divisible by 400 and so did include one, thus Al Gore's second term (1997–2001) was not shorter than his first.
  2. ^ The 20th Amendment (ratified January 23, 1933) moved Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20. The 1937 presidential inauguration was the first to take place on the new date. As a result, John Nance Garner's first term in office (1933–1937) was only 1,418 days long, 1 month and 12 days shorter than a normal term.
  3. ^ Due to logistical issues, John Adams assumed the office of vice president 1 month and 17 days after the March 4, 1789 scheduled start of operations of the new government under the Constitution. As a result, his first term (1789–1793) was only 1,413 days long, the shortest term for a U.S. vice president who neither died in office nor resigned.
  4. ^ a b Resigned from office
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Died in office
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Succeeded to presidency
  7. ^ a b Confirmed by U.S. Congress.
  8. ^ As of January 25, 2022

See also[edit]

References[edit]