List of victims of the Albanian communist regime

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The List of victims of the Albanian communist regime is a list of people that were killed by the communist regime under Enver Hoxha and later Ramiz Alia in Albania in the 1944-1991 period. In total 6,535 people were killed or died in prison. 6,000 others died on the border, killed by border guards.[1] The number of people executed for espionage is 207.[2]

Death penalty[edit]

Executions made between 28 October and 18 November 1944 by Albanian Communist Party tribunals[edit]

On December 11, 2009, Albania's President Bamir Topi commemorated the 65th anniversary of the 1944 purges made by tribunals as ordered by Albanian Communist Party leader Enver Hoxha and Interior Minister Koçi Xoxe. Posthumous awards of the Order of the Honor of the Nation were made in recognition of 37 notable intellectuals executed by tribunal order.[3][4]

  1. Ismail Petrela, intellectual and guerilla leader [5]
  2. Mema Jorgji [6]
  3. Jakup Deliallisi [7]
  4. Kaplan Deliallisi

Persons executed on October 10, 1947[edit]

[8]

  1. Irfan Majuni, legislator (shot 10 October 1947) (Pearson p234)
  2. Hysen Shehu (shot 10 October 1947)
  3. Haki Pengeli
  4. Telat Drini
  5. Abdulla Kusi
  6. Riza Dani
  7. Hivzi Gole
  8. Xheladin Kuqi
  9. Medi Kuqi
  10. Kol Kuqali, legislator (Pearson, p185)
  11. Zalo Fama
  12. Qazim Peza

Death penalty given in jail[edit]

  1. Muharrem Bejlerli
  2. Kristo Kirka
  3. Kol Rodhe
  4. M Xhixha
  5. Xhile Llaha
  6. Ali Maliqi
  7. Abedin Nepravishta
  8. Lutfi Shehu
  9. Shefki Tërshana
  10. Haki Bushati
  11. Ali Fortuzi
  12. Shefki Minarolli (20 years of imprisonment) (Pearson p185)
  13. Anton Dukagjini
  14. Zenel Prodani
  15. Ibrahim Hasnaj
  16. Ali Mena
  17. Ramazan Tabaku (Life imprisonment) (Pearson p234)
  18. Ismet Kryeziu
  19. Petrit Shahini
  20. Qazim Merlika
  21. Ramazan Jarani
  22. Refat Tartari
  23. Hysen Mece
  24. Xhelal Ndreu
  25. Islam Ndreu
  26. Hysen Merlika
  27. Hasan Sakollari

Killed without process[edit]

  1. Ali Panariti, (1903–1951) Albanian business man [9]
  2. Reiz Selfo
  3. Junuz Kaceli (1908–1951), Albanian business man [10]
  4. Haki Kodra
  5. Mahmut Meniku
  6. Thoma Katundi
  7. Rexhep Picari (1907–1951), "enemy of state" [11]
  8. Lluka Rankoviç

Died in jail[edit]

Killed in jail[edit]

  1. Ramadan Zdrava
  2. Adem Xhepa
  3. Temo Shehu
  4. Hajri Neviri
  5. Profi Çoka (V.Internim)
  6. Vasil Papa
  7. Medi Qyteza

Torture[edit]

  1. Manol Kume
  2. Jonuz Shijaku
  3. Irakli Qiriako
  4. Faik Merlika
  5. Imer Shehu
  6. Rustem Sharra (20 years imprisonment) (Pearson p234)
  7. Nexhmi Shijaku
  8. Ram Marku (20 years imprisonment) (Pearson p234)
  9. Shaban Qosja
  10. Niman Biberaj
  11. Maliq Reka
  12. Myftar Kupi
  13. Bajram Xhindolli
  14. Ismail Shehu
  15. Shaban Plaka
  16. Fuat Halimi
  17. Hysen Mali
  18. Nexhip Zdrava
  19. Muharem Neviri

Massacre of 1951 in Albania[edit]

The Massacre of 1951 in Albania was the killing of Anti-communists in the Socialist People's Republic of Albania on 26 February 1951, as ordered by Enver Hoxha.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Enver Hoxha killer file
  2. ^ Flori - Press: Historia e ekzekutimeve nga Anastas Lula te Kadri Hazbiu
  3. ^ Arkiva Mediatike Shqiptare
  4. ^ "President decorates 37 intellectuals executed by the dictatorship" translation
  5. ^ http://lajme.shqiperia.com/lajme/artikull/iden/1046861124/titulli/LetraFabrikimi-i-vdekjes
  6. ^ http://www.infoarkiv.com/lajme/artikull/iden/1046851555/titulli/Demshperblimet-lista-me-74-emrat-e-ish-te-perndjekurve
  7. ^ Flori - Press: Historia e ekzekutimeve nga Anastas Lula te Kadri Hazbiu
  8. ^ Owen Pearson, Albania as dictatorship and democracy: from isolation to the Kosovo War, 1946-1998 (I.B.Tauris, 2006)
  9. ^ VRASJET E DIKTATURAVE
  10. ^ Zemra Shqiptare - Uran Butka: Masakra e 1951, Prokurori dhe Gjyqtari: I pushkatuam pa gjyq 22 vetë
  11. ^ VRASJET E DIKTATURAVE
  12. ^ Zemra Shqiptare - Uran Butka: Masakra e 1951, Prokurori dhe Gjyqtari: I pushkatuam pa gjyq 22 vetë