List of victories of Manfred von Richthofen

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Manfred von Richthofen

Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), widely known as the Red Baron, is considered the ace-of-aces of the First World War, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories, more than any other pilot of the war – before being killed in action near Amiens on 21 April 1918.

As the following list demonstrates, his victories are well documented.[1]

Victory nº Defeated Date Hour Richthofen's unit Richthofen's aircraft Opponent/s unit Opponent/s aircraft Location
1 Lt. Lionel Morris †;
Capt. Tom Rees †;
17 September 1916 1100 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (7018) Near Villers Plouich
2 Sgt. Herbert Bellerby 23 September 1916 1100 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 27 Sqn. Martinsyde G.100 (7481) Bapaume
3 Lt. Ernest Conway Lansdale †;
Sgt. Albert Clarkson †
30 September 1916 1150 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (6973) Near Lagnicourt
4 2/Lt. William Fenwick † 7 October 1916 0910 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 21 Sqn. B.E.12 (6618) Near Equancourt
5 2/Lt. John Thompson DCM 16 October 1916 0500 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 19 Sqn. B.E.12 (6580) Near Ypres
6 (probably) 2/Lt. W.T.W Wilcox (WIA; POW) 25 October 1916 0935 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 21 Sqn. B.E.12 (6654) Near Bapaume- also listed as 2/Lt. Arthur James Fisher (vs Kurt Wolff)
7 Sgt. Cuthbert Baldwin †;
Lt. George Bentham Andrew †
3 November 1916 1410 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 18 Sqn. F.E.2b (7010) NE of Grévillers Wood
8 2/Lt. Ian Gilmour Cameron † 9 November 1916 1030 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 12 Sqn. B.E.2c (2506) Beugny
9? (possibly) Lt. Thomas Henry Clarke (POW);
2/Lt. James Lees (POW)
20 November 1916 0940 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 15 Sqn. B.E.2c (2767) S of Grandcourt (prob. versus Lt Kirmaier)
10 2/Lt. Gilbert Sudbury Hall †;
2/Lt. George Doughty †
20 November 1916 1615 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 18 Sqn. F.E.2b (4848) Grandcourt
11 Maj.Lanoe Hawker VC DSO 23 November 1916 1500 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 24 Sqn. D.H.2 (5964) S of Bapaume
12 Lt. Benedict Philip Hunt (POW) 11 December 1916 1155 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 32 Sqn. D.H.2 (5986) Near Arras
13 Capt.Arthur Gerald Knight, DSO 20 December 1916 1130 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 29 Sqn. D.H.2 (7927) Menchy
14 Lt. Lionel George D'Arcy †;
Sub-Lt. Reginald Whiteside (RNVR) †
20 December 1916 1345 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 18 Sqn. F.E.2b (A5446) Moreuil
15? (possibly) Capt. JB Quested (WIA);
Lt. HJH Dicksee (unhurt)

(Some sources claim that this was Sgt. James McCudden of No.29 Squadron, in a DH.2.)
27 December 1916 1625 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (6937) Quested/Dicksee were downed at 11.20 hours, 12 km east of Ficheux (probably versus Jasta 1)- inside Allied lines. Richthofen claimed his kill at 16.25 hours [2] McCudden, who returned to base, fits the time period.
16 Flt/Lt. Allan Switzer Todd  CAN 4 January 1917 1615 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 8 RNAS Sopwith Pup (N5193) Near Metz-en-Couture
17 2/Lt. John Hay  AUS 23 January 1917 1610 Jasta 11 Albatros D.II(491/16) 40 Sqn. F.E.8 (6388) S of Lens
18 Lt. John MacLennan (WIA: POW);
Capt. Oscar Greig (WIA: POW);
24 January 1917 1215 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(789/17) 25 Sqn. F.E.2b (6997) O of Vimy
19 Lts. Percival Murray †;
Duncan John McRae  CAN
1 February 1917 1600 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 16 Sqn. B.E.2d (6742) 1 km SO of Thelus
20 Lt. Cyril Bennett (POW);
2/Lt. Herbert Arthur Croft †
14 February 1917 1200 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 2 Sqn. B.E.2d (6231) O of Loos
21 (probably) Capt. George Cyril Bailey DSO (WIA);
2/Lt. George William Betts Hampton (unhurt)
14 February 1917 1645 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 2 Sqn. B.E.2c (2543) SW of Mazingarbe; aircraft actually returned to base safely.
22 Lt. James Benjamin Evelyn Crosbee (unhurt); Sgt. John Edward Prance DCM (WIA) 4 March 1917 1250 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 2 Sqn. B.E.2d (5785) 1 km N of Loos; aircraft actually returned to base safely.
23 2/Lt. Herbert John Green †;
2/Lt. Alexander William Reid MC
4 March 1917 1620 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 43 Sqn. Sopwith 1½ Strutter (A1108) Acheville
24 2/Lt. Gerald Maurice Gosset-Bibby †;
Lt. Geoffrey Joseph Ogilvy Brichta  CAN
6 March 1917 1700 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 16 Sqn. B.E.2e (A2785) Souchez
25 Lt. Arthur John Pearson MC 9 March 1917 1155 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III 29 Sqn. D.H.2 (A2571) Between Roclincourt and Bailleul
26 2/Lt. James Smyth †;
2/Lt. Edward Byrne †
11 March 1917 1200 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 2 Sqn. B.E.2d (6232) S of La Folie Wood
27 Lt. Arthur Elsdale Boultbee †;
2AM. Frederick King †
17 March 1917 1130 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 25 Sqn. F.E.2b (A5439) Oppy
28 2/Lt. George MacDonald Watt †;
Sgt. Ernest Adam Howlett †
17 March 1917 1700 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 16 Sqn. B.E.2g (2814) O of Vimy
29 F/Sgt. Sidney Herbert Quicke †;
2/Lt. William John Lidsey †
21 March 1917 1730 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 16 Sqn. B.E.2e (A3154) Hill 123, N of Neuville
30 Lt. Richard Plunkett Baker  CAN (WIA; POW) 24 March 1917 1155 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 19 Sqn. SPAD VII (A6706) Givenchy
31 Lt. Christopher Guy Gilbert (POW) 25 March 1917 0820 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 29 Sqn. Nieuport 17 (A6689) Tilloy
32 Lt. Patrick John Gordon Powell †;
1AM. Percy Bonner †
2 April 1917 0835 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 13 Sqn. B.E.2d (5841) Farbus
33 2/Lt. Algernon Peter Warren (POW);
Sgt. Reuel Dunn †
2 April 1917 1115 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 43 sqn. Sopwith 1½ Strutter (A2401) Givenchy
34 2/Lt. Donald Peter McDonald (POW);
2/Lt. John Ingram Mullaniffe O'Beirne †
3 April 1917 1615 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 25 Sqn. F.E.2d (A6382) Between Lens and Liévin
35 2/Lt. Arthur Norman Lechler (WIA; POW);
2/Lt. Herbert Duncan King George †
5 April 1917 1115 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 48 Sqn. Bristol F.2a (A3340) Lewarde, S of Douai
36 Lts. Alfred Terence Adams (POW);
Donald James Stewart (POW)
5 April 1917 1130 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 48 Sqn. Bristol F.2a (A3343) Cuincy
37 2/Lt. George Orme Smart † 7 April 1917 1745 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 60 Sqn. Nieuport 17 (A6645) Mercatel
38 Lts. John Heagerty (POW);
Leonard Heath-Cantle †;
8 April 1917 1140 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 43 Sqn. Sopwith 1½ Strutter (A2406) Near Farbus
39 2/Lt. Keith Ingleby MacKenzie †;
2/Lt. Guy Everingham †
8 April 1917 1640 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 16 Sqn. B.E.2g (A2815) Vimy
40 Lt. Edward Claude England Derwin (WIA);
Gunner H. Pierson (WIA)
11 April 1917 0925 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 13 Sqn. B.E.2d (2501) Willerval-fell inside Allied Lines.
41 Capt. James Maitland Stuart †;
Lt. Maurice Herbert Wood †
13 April 1917 0858 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 59 sqn. R.E.8 (A3190) Between Vitry and Brebières
42 Sgt. James Allen Cunniffe (WIA);
2AM. W.J. Batten; (WIA)
13 April 1917 1245 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (A831) Between Monchy and Feuchy-crashed Allied side of Lines.
43 2/Lt. Allan Harold Bates †;
Sgt. William Alfred Barnes †
13 April 1917 1935 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 25 Sqn. F.E.2b (4997) Noyelles-Godault, near Hénin-Liétard
44 Lt. William Oswald Russell (POW) 14 April 1917 0915 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 60 Sqn. Nieuport 17 (A6796) 1 km S of Bois Bernard
45 2/Lt. Alphonso Pascoe (WIA);
2/Lt. Frederick Seymour Andrews †
16 April 1917 1730 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 13 Sqn. B.E.2e (3156) Between Bailleul and Gavrelle-Allied side of Lines.
46 (possibly) Lt. Waldemar Franklin (WIA);
Lt. William Frederick Fletcher; (WIA)
22 April 1917 1710 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (7020) Near Lagnicourt- one of four FE2b's downed by Jasta 11.
47 2/Lt. Eric Welch †;
Sgt. Amos George Tollervey †
23 April 1917 1205 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 16 Sqn. B.E.2f (A3168) Mericourt
48 Lt. Reginald William Follit †;
2/Lt. Frederick James Kirkham (POW)
28 April 1917 0930 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 13 Sqn. B.E.2e (7221) E of Pelves, SE edge of Square 6998
49 Lt. Richard Applin † 29 April 1917 1205 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 19 Sqn. SPAD VII (B1573) Near Lecluse
50 Sgt. George Stead †;
Cpl. Alfred Beebee †
29 April 1917 1655 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 18 sqn. F.E.2b (4898) SW of Inchy, Hill 90, near Pariville
51 Lt. David Evan Davies †;
Lt. George Henry Rathbone  CAN
29 April 1917 1925 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 12 Sqn. B.E.2e (2738) Near Roeux
52 Flt. Sub-Lt Albert Edward Cuzner † 29 April 1917 1940 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 8 RNAS Sopwith Triplane (N5463) Between Billy-Montigny and Sallaumines
53 Lt. Ralph Walter Elly Ellis †;
Lt. Harold Carver Barlow †
18 June 1917 1315 JG I Albatros D.V(789/17) 9 Sqn. R.E.8 (A4290) Hof Struywe, Square V.42
54? (possibly) Lt. Robert Wallace Farquhar (unhurt) 23 June 1917 2130 JG I Albatros D.V(1177/17) 23 Sqn. SPAD VII (B1530) N of Ypres- landed back at base at La Lovie, slightly damaged.
55 Capt. Norman George McNaughton MC †;
Lt. Angus Hughes Mearns †
24 June 1917 0910 JG I Albatros D.V(1177/17) 57 Sqn. D.H.4 (A7473) Between Keibergmolen (former windmill, located in Beselare) and Lichtensteinlager
56 Lt. Leslie Spencer Bowman †;
2/Lt. James Edward Power-Clutterbuck †
25 June 1917 1840 JG I Albatros D.V(1177/17) 53 Sqn. R.E.8 (A3847) Near Le Bizet
57 Sgt. Hubert Arthur Whatley †;
2/Lt. Frank Guy Buckingham Pascoe †
2 July 1917 1020 JG I Albatros D.V(1177/17) 53 Sqn. R.E.8 (A3538) Deulemont
58 2/Lt. William Harold Trant Williams (WIA; POW; † from wounds) 16 August 1917 0755 JG I Albatros D.V(2059/17) 29 Sqn. Nieuport 23 (A6611) Near Polygon Wood
59 2/Lt. Coningsby Phillip Williams † 26 August 1917 0730 JG I Albatros D.V(2059/17) 19 Sqn. SPAD VII (B3492) Between Poelcapelle and Langemarck
60 Lt. John Bristo Culley Madge (WIA/POW);
2/Lt. Walter Kember †
1 September 1917 0750 JG I Fokker F.I(102/17) 6 Sqn. R.E.8 (B782) Near Zonnebeke
61 Lt. Algernon Frederick Bird (POW) 3 September 1917 0735 JG I Fokker F.I (102/17) 46 Sqn. Sopwith Pup (B1795) S of Bousbecque
62 Lt. James Alexander Vazeill Boddy (WIA) 23 November 1917 1400 JG I Albatros D.V (4693/17) 64 Sqn. D.H.5 (A9299) SE edge of Bourlon Wood-rescued from no-mans land
63 Lt. Donald Argyle Douglas Ian MacGregor † 30 November 1917 1430 JG I Albatros D.V(4963/17) 41 Sqn. S.E.5a (B644) Near Mœuvres. Noted elsewhere (Gibbons) as 56 Sqn's Capt. P.T. Townsend. However, Townsend was downed 15.45 some 34 km further north west.[3]
64 2/Lt. Leonard Frederick Cyril Clutterbuck (POW);
2/Lt Henry James Sparks MC; (POW)
12 March 1918 1110–1115 JG I Fokker Dr.I(152/17) 62 Sqn. Bristol F.2b (B1251) N of Nauroy, Square 2858
65 Lt. Elmer Ernest Heath  CAN (WIA/POW) 13 March 1918 1035 JG I Fokker DR.I (152/17) 73 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (B2523) Between Gonnelieu and Banteux, Square 1853
66 2/Lt. William George Ivamy  CAN (POW) 18 March 1918 1115 JG I Fokker DR.I (477/17) 54 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (B5243) road MolainVaux-Andigny
67 Lt. John Percy McCone  CAN †;
OR Lt. Donald Cecil Tucker (WIA/POW)
24 March 1918 1445 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) both 41 Sqn. S.E.5a (C1054 or C6399) Combles; Gibbons listed Lt. W Porter of 56 Sqn, although he was killed an hour earlier versus Jasta 34b. As Richthofen's combat report states the enemy aircraft disintegrated, McCone would be the more likely victim.[4]
68 2/Lt. Donald Cameron † 25 March 1918 1555 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 3 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (C1562) road BapaumeAlbert
69 (possibly) Lt. Allan McNab Denovan  CAN 26 March 1918 1645 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 1 Sqn. S.E.5a (B511) S of Contalmaison. Several other victims have been postulated over the years, but Donovan is the best fit for time and location. These others include Lt W Knox (54 Sqn), who was actually killed two days earlier, Lt ATW Lindsay (54 Sqn), who was lost two hours earlier, and one of two 19 Sqn. Sopwith Dolphins lost that day.[5]
70 2/Lt. Vernon Jack Reading †;
2/Lt. Matthew Leggat †
26 March 1918 1700 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 15 Sqn. R.E.8 (B742) 2 km NE of Albert, Somme
71 Capt.Thomas Sydney Sharpe DFC (WIA/POW) 27 March 1918 0900 JG I Fokker DR.I (127/17) 73 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (C6733) Ancre, 1 km N of Aveluy, N of Albert
72 Lt. Edward Treloar Smart; 2/Lt. Kenneth Purnell Barford 27 March 1918 1630 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 2 Sqn. A/W F.K.8 (B288) 2 km O of Foucaucourt. (Some sources suggest that this may have been a DH-4 of 5 RNAS.)
73 2/Lt. George Halliwell Harding  USA 27 March 1918 1635 JG I Fokker DR.I (477/17) 79 Sqn. Sopwith Dolphin (C4016) 1 km N of Chuignolles, S of Bray-sur-Somme
74 2/Lts. Joseph Bertram Taylor †;
2/Lt. Eric Betley †
28 March 1918 1220 JG I Fokker DR.I (127/17) 82 Sqn. A/W F.K.8 (C8444) Near Mericourt
75 2/Lt. Ernest David Jones †;
2/Lt. Robert Francis Newton †
2 April 1918 1230 JG I Fokker DR.I (477/17) 52 Sqn. R.E.8 (A3868) Hill 104, NE of Moreuil
76 Capt.Sydney Philip Smith (MIA) 6 April 1918 1545 JG I Fokker DR.I(127/17) 46 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (D6491) NE of Villers-Bretonneux, near the E edge of Bois de Hamel
77 2/Lt. Albert Vernon Gallie † 7 April 1918 1130 JG I Fokker DR.I (477/17) 73 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (D6550) Near Hangard
78? (possibly) Lt. Ronald George Hinings Adams (WIA/POW) 7 April 1918 1205 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 73 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (D6554) 500m E of Hill 104, N of Villers-Bretonneux. (Possibly a different Camel from 73 Sqn; three were lost.)
79 Major Richard Raymond-Barker MC 20 April 1918 1840 JG I Fokker DR.I(425/17) 3 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (D6439) SO of Bois de Hamel
80 2/Lt. David Greswolde Lewis Rhodesia RHO (POW) 20 April 1918 1843 JG I Fokker DR.I (425/17) 3 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (B7393) NE of Villers-Bretonneux

Sources: Franks, Giblin & McCrery 2000;[6] The Aerodrome n.d.[7]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Franks, Bailey & Guest, Above The Trenches, Grub Street, (1993) pages 242–255
  2. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrery; Under the Guns Of the Red Baron; Grub Street, (2007), page 46
  3. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrery; Under the Guns Of the Red Baron; Grub Street, (2007), page 163.
  4. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrery; Under the Guns Of the Red Baron; Grub Street, (2007), page 174.
  5. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrery; Under the Guns Of the Red Baron; Grub Street, (2007), page 178
  6. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrery, Under The Guns of The Red Baron, (2000), Caxton Editions
  7. ^ "Manfred von Richthofen". The Aerodrome. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Franks, Norman; Giblin, Hal; McCrery, Nigel (1995 & 2007). Under the Guns of the Red Baron – The Complete Record of Von Richthofen's Victories and Victims Fully Illustrated. London/New York:: Grub Street/Caxton/Barnes & Noble. p. 224. ISBN 0760712093.  Check date values in: |date= (help)