List of video game publishers

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This is a list of video game publisher companies. A video game publisher may specialize in only publishing games for developers, or may either have in-house development studios or own subsidiary development companies. Some developers may publish their games themselves.

This list includes both active and inactive companies. Active publishers are either run independently or as a subsidiary of another company. Inactive publishers may either be defunct outright or still exist but no longer involved in video game publishing.

List[edit]

Legend
Active independently
Active as subsidiary of larger game publisher
Defunct / no longer active in video game publishing
Publisher Headquarters Est. Notable games published Notes
07th Expansion Japan 2002 Higurashi no Naku Koro ni
1C Company Moscow, Russia 1991 Il-2 series
Men of War series
Specializes in localization for Russia.
2K Games Novato, California, United States 2005 Also a video game developer, marketer, and distributor. Subsidiary and publishing label of Take-Two Interactive.
3D Realms Garland, Texas, United States 1987 Duke Nukem series Also a video game developer. Also known as Apogee Software, Ltd.
The 3DO Company Redwood City, California, United States 1991 Army Men Also a video game and video game console developer.
The Fourth Dimension UK 1989 Apocalypse Also known as The 4th Dimension or 4D. Defunct in 2004.
505 Games Milan, Italy 2006 Publishing division of Digital Bros. group.
5pb. Tokyo, Japan 2005 Memories Off Label of KID until 2006, and of Cyberfront since then.
7th Level Dallas, Texas, United States 1993 Monty Python's Complete Waste of Time Defunct in 1998.
A&F Software Rochdale, UK 1981 Chuckie Egg Merged with MC Lothlorien in 1986 to become Icon Design Ltd.
Aackosoft Zoeterwoude, Netherlands 1983 Various MSX games Defunct in 1988.
Aardvark Software UK 1983 Frak! Defunct in 1989.
ABC Software Buchs, St. Gallen, Switzerland 1991 Acquired by Electronic Arts in 1998.
Absolute Entertainment Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, United States 1986 A Boy and His Blob: Trouble on Blobolonia Defunct in 1995.
Access Software Salt Lake City, Utah, United States 1982 Tex Murphy Acquired by Microsoft in 1999; defunct in 2006.
Accolade California, United States 1984 Hardball! series
Star Control series
Test Drive series
Also a video game developer. Acquired by Atari, SA née Infogrames in 1999, name retired.
Acquire Tokyo, Japan 1994 Akiba's Trip
Acornsoft Cambridge, England, UK 1980 Various Acorn Electron games Rights sold to Superior Software in 1986.
Acclaim Entertainment Glen Cove, New York, United States 1987 Turok
Burnout
WWF WrestleMania
Brand name acquired by Acclaim Games, and intellectual property acquired by Throwback Entertainment.
Active Gaming Media AGM Osaka, Japan 2006 PLAYISM part of Active Gaming Media Inc., focuses on the localization and distribution of video games.
Addictive Games Milton Keynes, England, UK 1982 Football Manager Acquired by Prism Leisure Corporation in 1987, which continued to use the Addictive Games label until 1992.
The Adventure Company Toronto, Ontario, Canada 2002 Still Life Label of DreamCatcher Interactive until 2006, of JoWooD Productions Software from then until 2011, and of Nordic Games since then.
Adventure International Longwood, Florida, United States 1978 Adventureland Defunct in 1985.
Activision Santa Monica, California, United States 1979 Call of Duty Also a video game developer. Acquired Neversoft in 1999 and Infinity Ward in 2003; acquired several other developers as well. Merged with Vivendi to form Activision Blizzard in 2008.
Activision Blizzard Santa Monica, California, United States 2008 Formed by merger between Activision and Vivendi Games in 2008.
Adventure Soft Birmingham, England, UK 1983 Simon the Sorcerer
Affect Japan 1990 Finger Flashing Defunct in 2008.
Agatsuma Entertainment Tokyo, Japan 1997 Drawn to Life Defunct in 2016.
Âge Tokyo, Japan 1999 Akane Maniax Division of Acid Co., Ltd.
AGEod Grenoble, France 2005 Birth of America
Agetec Sunnyvale, California, United States 1998 Focuses on distributing Japanese titles in the US.
Akabeisoft2 Japan 2005 Sharin no Kuni: The Girl Among the Sunflowers
Akella Moscow, Russia 1995 Age of Sail II
Age of Pirates series
Sea Dogs
Also a video game developer.
Akupara Games Los Angeles, California, United States 2016 Whispering Willows

Desert Child

Also a video game developer, and does work for hire console and mobile porting.
Aksys Torrance, California, United States 2006 Guilty Gear series
ALcot Japan 2003 Clover Heart's
AliceSoft Japan 1989 Tournament of the Gods
AlphaDream Tokyo, Japan 2000 Koto Battle: Tengai no Moribito No longer publishes video games.
ADK Ageo, Saitama, Japan 1980 Exciting Soccer Known as Alpha Denshi Corporation in 1993. Defunct in 2003.
Alchemist Tokyo, Japan 1991 Baldr Force Defunct in 2016.
Allumer Tokyo, Japan 1983 Blandia Defunct in 1999.
Alten8 Luton, England, UK 2005 Space Tanks Also a video game developer.
Alternative Software Castleford, UK 1985 Count Duckula
American Game Cartridges Chandler, Arizona, United States 1990 Chillder Defunct in 1994.
American Laser Games Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States 1989 Mad Dog McCree Acquired by its former division, Her Interactive, in 1999.
American Video Entertainment San Jose, California, United States 1990 Wally Bear and the NO! Gang Published last game in 1994.
Amplitude Studios Paris, France 2011 Endless Space Acquired by Sega in 2016.
Amsoft Brentwood, Essex, UK 1984 Various Amstrad CPC games Publishing arm of Amstrad until 1989.
ANALOG Software Worcester, Massachusetts, United States 1981 Various Atari 8-bit games Software publishing arm of ANALOG Computing. Defunct in 1989.
Andamiro Seoul, South Korea 1992 Pump It Up Known as Oksan Entertainment Co. Ltd. until 1999.
Antic Software Marion, Ohio, United States 1982 Caverns of Mars II Software publishing arm of Antic. Defunct in 1990.
Anuman France 2000 Also a video game developer.
APF Electronics Inc. New York City, United States 1970 APF TV Fun Defunct in 1983.
Apogee Software United States 2008 Also a video game developer.
Apple Inc. Cupertino, California, United States 1976 Lemonade Stand Known as Apple Computer until 2007.
Aquaplus Osaka, Japan 1994 Utawarerumono
AQ Interactive Tokyo, Japan 2005 Bullet Witch Defunct in 2011.
Arcadia Systems Costa Mesa, California, United States 1987 Silver Surfer Division of Mastertronic. Defunct in 1991.
Arc System Works Tokyo, Japan 1988 BlazBlue series
Guilty Gear series
Also a video game developer.
Argus Press UK 1966 Nether Earth Published games through its Argus Press Software division, which was acquired in 1987 and renamed Grandslam Entertainment.
Arika Tokyo, Japan 1995 Technicbeat Also a video game developer.
Ariolasoft Germany 1983 Software publishing arm of Ariola Records. Reestablished as United Software in 1990.
Armor Games United States 2005 Published flash titles before branching out into mobile, PC, and console markets.
Arsys Software Tokyo, Japan 1985 Star Cruiser Defunct in 2001.
Artdink Tokyo, Japan 1986 A-Train
Artic Computing Brandesburton, UK 1980 Bear Bovver Defunct in 1986.
Arush Entertainment Scottsdale, Arizona, United States 1999 Duke Nukem: Manhattan Project Acquired by HIP Interactive in 2004; defunct in 2005.
Arxel Tribe Slovenia 1989 The Legend of the Prophet and the Assassin Last game published in 2003.
Ascaron Gütersloh, Germany 1992 The Patrician Known as Ascom until 1996. Defunct in 2009. Most assets acquired by Kalypso Media.
ASC Games Darien, Connecticut, United States 1992 Sanitarium Defunct in 2000.
Asmik Corporation of America Japan 1985 Merged with Ace Entertainment.
Aspyr Media Austin, Texas, United States 1996 Specializes in porting Windows games to Mac OS.
Astragon Mönchengladbach, Germany 2000 Family Park Tycoon
Atari, Inc Sunnyvale, California, United States 1972 Pong
Breakout
Asteroids
Centipede
Bought by Warner Bros. in 1976. Closed in 1984, assets split between Atari Corporation and Atari Games.
Atari, SA Paris, France 2003 Enter the Matrix
Transformers
Unreal Tournament 2004
Star Trek Online
Formerly GT Interactive Software, became full subsidiary of Atari, SA in 2008.
Athena Japan 1987 Sword Master No longer publishes video games.
Atlantis Software London, England, UK 1984 Cops 'n' Robbers Defunct in 1992.
AQ Interactive Tokyo, Japan 2000 Also a video game developer.
Artech Digital Entertainment Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 1982 Mystery at the Museums Defunct in 2011.
ASCII Corporation Tokyo, Japan 1977 Acquired by Kadokawa Group Holdings in 2004.
Atlus Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan 1986 Persona series
Devil Survivor series
Also a video game developer. Purchased by Sega in 2013.
Attic Entertainment Software Albstadt, Germany 1990 The Oath Defunct in 2001.
Audiogenic Limited Reading, Berkshire, UK 1975 Various Commodore PET games Defunct in 1985; reformed as Audiogenic Software Ltd.
August Japan 2001 Princess Holiday
Auran Development Helensvale, Queensland, Australia 1995 SpellForce: The Order of Dawn Now known as N3V Games.
Automata UK Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, UK 1977 Deus Ex Machina Defunct in 1985.
Autumn Games New York City, United States 2007 Skullgirls Focused on providing publishing services for independent developers for digital platforms.
Avalon Hill Renton, Washington, United States 1954 Achtung Spitfire! Acquired by Hasbro in 1998.
Aventuras AD Spain 1987 Various text adventure games Defunct in 1992.
Aventurine SA Athens, Greece 2002 Darkfall Also a video game developer.
BAM! Entertainment San Jose, California, United States 1999 Bujingai Dormant since 2004.
Bandai Games Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan 1950 Video game operations merged with Namco as Namco Bandai Games. No longer publishes video games.
Bandai Namco Entertainment Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan 1955 Naruto: Ultimate Ninja
Banpresto Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan 1977 Acquired by Namco Bandai Holdings. No longer publishes video games.
BBC Multimedia London, England, UK 1995 Doctor Who: Destiny of the Doctors Defunct in 2005.
Beagle Bros San Diego, California, United States 1980 Beagle Bag Defunct in 1991.
Bergsala Lightweight Tokyo, Japan 1995 Apron of Magic
Berkeley Systems Berkeley, California, United States 1987 You Don't Know Jack Acquired by Sierra in 1997. Defunct in 2000.
Bethesda Softworks Rockville, Maryland, United States 1986 Fallout 3, 4 and New Vegas
Elder Scrolls
Wolfenstein: The New Order
The Evil Within
Doom (2016)
Also a video game developer.
Beyond Software United Kingdom 1983 Lords of Midnight Acquired by Telecomsoft in 1985.
Big Fish Games Seattle, Washington, United States 2002 Virtual Villagers
Big Five Software Van Nuys, California, United States 1980 Miner 2049er Defunct in 1984.
Bigben Interactive Lesquin, France 1981
Alligata Sheffield, UK 1983 Blagger Acquired by Superior Software in 1987.
Black Bean Games Gazzada Schianno, Italy 2004 SBK-07: Superbike World Championship Merged with Milestone S.r.l. in 2012.
Blue Byte Düsseldorf, Germany 1988 The Settlers Also a video game developer. Acquired by Ubisoft.
Broderbund United States 1980 Myst
Prince of Persia
Acquired by Ubisoft, eventually sold to The Learning Company. No longer publishes video games.
Black Legend Welwyn, UK 1993 Football Glory Defunct in 1996.
Blizzard Entertainment Irvine, California, United States 1991 Diablo series
StarCraft series
Warcraft franchise
Also a video game developer. Acquired by Davidson & Associates in 1994, renamed from Silicon & Synapse. Acquired by CUC International in 1996, which merged into Cendant in 1997 and was sold to Havas in 1998. Acquired by Vivendi and become part of Vivendi Games group in 1998. Merged into Activision Blizzard in 2008.
Blue Ribbon Doncaster, UK 1985 3D Dotty Label of CDS Micro Systems. Defunct in 1991.
Bohemia Interactive Prague, Czech Republic 1999 ARMA series
Box Office, Inc. St. Paul, Minnesota, United States 1987 ALF: The First Adventure Published last game in 1989.
Brash Entertainment Hollywood, California, United States 2007 Jumper: Griffin's Story Defunct in 2008.
Broccoli Tokyo, Japan 1994 First Kiss Story II
Bug-Byte Liverpool, UK 1980 Manic Miner
Bubble Bus Software Tonbridge, Kent, UK 1982 Starquake Defunct in 1989.
BudgeCo California, United States 1981 Raster Blaster Defunct in 1983.
Buka Entertainment Moscow, Russia 1993 Also a video game developer, foreign market publisher and distributor. Acquired by 1C Company in 2008.
Bullet-Proof Software Japan 1980 The Black Onyx Defunct.
Bungie Bellevue, Washington 1991 Marathon Trilogy
Abuse
Also a video game developer. Formerly a subsidiary of Microsoft. Currently in a publishing deal with Activision.
C&E Taipei, Taiwan 1990 Super Fighter No longer publishes video games.
California Dreams California, United States 1987 Blockout Publishing label of Logical Design Works. Defunct in 1991.
California Pacific Computer Company Davis, California, United States 1979 Akalabeth: World of Doom Defunct in 1983.
Camerica Chicago, Illinois 1988
Canal+ Multimedia France 1984 Paris 1313 Publishing arm of the Canal+ Group. No longer publishes video games.
Candy Soft Japan 1996 Tsuyokiss
Capcom Osaka, Japan 1979 Mega Man
Street Fighter
Resident Evil
Devil May Cry
Also a video game developer.
Capstone Software Miami, Florida, United States 1984 William Shatner's TekWar Subsidiary of IntraCorp. Defunct in 1996.
Caramel Box Japan 2002 Otome wa Boku ni Koishiteru Division of HOBIBOX. Formerly known as HimeyaSoft.
Carry Lab Japan 1981 Various PC-88, FM-7, and MSX games Defunct.
Casady & Greene United States 1984 Sky Shadow Defunct in 2003.
Cases Computer Simulations London, England, UK 1982 Abyss Published last game in 1994.
Cave Tokyo, Japan 1994 DoDonPachi SaiDaiOuJou
CBS Electronics United States 1982 K-Razy Shoot-Out Closed in 1984.
CD Projekt Red Warsaw, Poland 1994 The Witcher series
CDS Software Doncaster, UK 1982 European Superleague Reformed as iDigicon Ltd in 2002.
CDV Software Entertainment AG Bruchsal, Germany 1989 Defunct in 2010.
Centuri Hialeah, Florida, United States 1969 Vanguard Known as Allied Leisure until 1980. Defunct in 1985.
CE Software West Des Moines, Iowa, United States 1981 SwordThrust No longer publishes video games.
ChessBase Hamburg, Germany 1986 Various chess programs
Chunsoft Tokyo, Japan 1984 Otogirisō Merged with Spike in 2012.
Cinemax Prague, Czech Republic 1998 Memento Mori
CI Games Warsaw, Poland 2002 Sniper Ghost Warrior Also a video game developer. Also known as City Interactive.
Cinematronics El Cajon, California, United States 1975 Dragon's Lair Acquired by Tradewest in 1987 and renamed to Leland Corporation.
Cinemaware Burlingame, California, United States 1985 Defender of the Crown Defunct in 1991. Reestablished as Cinemaware Inc. in 2000.
Circus Hasuda, Saitama, Japan 2000 Suika
Club Kidsoft Los Gatos, California, United States 1992 Various edutainment games Defunct.
The Coca-Cola Company Atlanta, Georgia 1886 Pepsi Invaders No longer publishes video games.
Codemasters Warwickshire, UK 1985 Overlord Also a video game developer.
Coktel Vision Paris, France 1985 Emmanuelle Acquired by Sierra in 1993.
Coleco United States 1932 Also a video game console (ColecoVision and Telstar) and video game developer. Revived in 2005, after being defunct since 1988.
Color Dreams United States 1988 Also a video game developer.
CommaVid Aurora, Illinois, United States 1981 Video Life Defunct in 1983.
Commercial Data Systems Emerald Park, Saskatchewan, Canada 1982 Frantic Freddie Exited the video game industry in 1990.
Commodore West Chester, Pennsylvania, United States 1954 Radar Rat Race Defunct in 1994.
Compile Japan 1982 Guardic Defunct in 2003.
Compile Heart Tokyo, Japan 2006 Record of Agarest War Subsidiary of Idea Factory.
Computer and Video Games Bath, Somerset, England, UK 1981 The Thompson Twins Adventure Label of Future Publishing. Also known C&VG, CVG, or C+VG. Defunct in 2004.
Conspiracy Entertainment Santa Monica, California, United States 1997 Also a video game developer.
Core Design Derby, England, UK 1988 Corporation Acquired by Eidos Interactive in 1996; defunct in 2010.
Cosmi Corporation Carson, California, United States 1982 Forbidden Forest, The President is Missing
Crave Entertainment Newport Beach, California, United States 1997
Creative Computing United States 1974 Various Atari 8-bit games Defunct in 1985.
Creatures Tokyo, Japan 1995 Chee-Chai Alien No longer publishes video games.
Crimson Cow Hamburg, Germany 2002 A Vampyre Story
CRL Group London, England, UK 1982 Tau Ceti Published last game in 1989.
Cronosoft UK 2002 Various homebrew ZX Spectrum games
Culture Brain Tokyo, Japan 1980
Cryo Interactive Paris, France 1989 Seven Games of the Soul Defunct in 2002; assets acquired by Dreamcatcher Interactive.
Crystal Computing Manchester, UK 1982 Halls of the Things Reestablished as Design Design in 1984.
Crystal Dynamics Redwood City, California, United States 1992 Gex Also a video game developer. Acquired by Eidos Interactive.
Crytek Frankfurt, Germany 1999 Robinson: The Journey Also a video game developer.
Cyberdreams Calabasas, California, United States 1990 Dark Seed Defunct in 1997.
Cyberdreams Liverpool, England, UK 2007 Also a video game developer. Successor of Ultrasoft.
Cybersoft North Miami Beach, Florida 1994 Air Cavalry Label of GameTek. Last game published in 1995.
D3 Publisher Tokyo, Japan 1996
Daedalic Entertainment Hamburg, Germany 2007 Edna & Harvey: The Breakout
DarXabre The Netherlands 2001 Hooligans: Storm Over Europe Defunct.
Datamost Chatsworth, California, United States 1981 Aztec Defunct in 1985.
Datam Polystar Tokyo, Japan 1990 Cacoma Knight No longer publishes video games.
Datasoft Chatsworth, California, United States 1980 Bruce Lee Reformed as IntelliCreations in 1987.
Data Age California, United States 1982 Journey Escape Defunct in 1983.
Data Becker Düsseldorf, Germany 1980 America Defunct in 2014.
Data Design Interactive Stourbridge, UK 1983 Ninjabread Man Defunct in 2012.
Davidson & Associates Torrance, California, United States 1983 Math Blaster! Acquired by CUC International in 1996. Defunct in 1999.
Davilex Games Houten, The Netherlands 1997 A2 Racer Ceased publishing video games in 2005.
Davka Chicago, Illinois, United States 1982 Various Apple II games No longer publishes video games.
Daybreak Game Company California, United States 1995 DC Universe Online Also a video game developer. Formerly known as Sony Online Entertainment.
Data East Tokyo, Japan 1976
dB-SOFT Sapporo, Japan 1980 Flappy Defunct in 2001.
Deep Silver Munich, Germany 2002 S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Call of Pripyat
Metro 2033
Metro: Last Light
Label of Koch Media. Purchased video game developer Volition and the Metro franchise from THQ in 2013. Acquired by THQ Nordic in 2018.
Delphine Software International Paris, France 1988 Future Wars Defunct in 2004.
Delta 4 UK 1984 Bored of the Rings Defunct in 1992.
Destination Software Moorestown, New Jersey, United States 2001 Snood Used the label DSI Games. Acquired by GreenScreen Interactive Software in 2008.
Destineer Minnesota, United States 2000 Also a video game developer. Publishes under the Bold Games, MacSoft, and Atomic Games labels.
Devolver Digital Austin, Texas, United States 2008
Digital Fantasia Blackpool, UK 1982 Perseus and Andromeda Ceased publishing in 1983.
Digital Integration Camberley, Surrey, UK 1982 ATF Acquired by Titus Interactive in 1998; defunct in 2005.
Digital Jesters Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England, UK 2003 Chaos League Defunct in 2006.
Digital Leisure Aurora, Ontario, Canada 1997 Various DVD games
Digital Pictures San Mateo, California, United States 1991 Corpse Killer Defunct in 1996.
Dinamic Multimedia Madrid, Spain 1993 PC Fútbol Defunct in 2001.
Dinamic Software Spain 1983 After the War Also a video game developer. Defunct in 1992.
Disney Interactive Studios Glendale, California, United States 1988
DK'Tronics Saffron Walden, UK 1981 3D Tanx Defunct in 1993.
Domark London, England, UK 1984 3D Construction Kit Merged with Big Red Software, Simis, and Eidos Technologies to form Eidos Interactive in 1996.
Dovetail Games Chatham, Kent, England, UK 2008 Train Simulator
Draconus Entertainment Vantaa, Finland 2006 Triplane Turmoil 2
Dragon Data Wales, UK 1980 Various Dragon 32/64 games Division of Mettoy. Defunct in 1984.
DreamCatcher Games Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1996 Acquired by JoWooD Productions. Folded into Nordic Games in 2011.
DreamWorks Interactive Los Angeles, California, United States 1995 The Neverhood Joint venture between DreamWorks and Microsoft. Acquired by Electronic Arts in 2000.
DROsoft Madrid, Spain 1986 Various ZX Spectrum games Acquired by Electronic Arts in 1994.
Dtp entertainment Hamburg, Germany 1995
Dynamix Eugene, Oregon, United States 1984 David Wolf: Secret Agent Acquired by Sierra in 1990; defunct in 2001.
EasyGameStation Japan 2001 Chantelise - A Tale of Two Sisters
Ecole Software Nishinomiya, Japan 1989 Death Crimson OX No longer publishes video games.
Edu-Ware Agoura Hills, California, United States 1979 The Prisoner Defunct in 1985.
eGames Langhorne, Pennsylvania, United States 1992 Darwinia Published games under the Cinemaware Marquee label. Acquired by Tamino Minerals in 2012.
Electric Dreams Software Southampton, England, UK 1985 Firetrack Defunct in 1989.
Electronic Arts Redwood City, California, United States 1982 Battlefield
Medal of Honor
The Sims
Also a video game developer.
Electronic Arts Victor Japan 1993 Mutant League Football Joint venture of Electronic Arts and Victor Interactive. Defunct in 2003.
Electro Brain Salt Lake City, Utah, United States 1990 Ghoul School Defunct in 1998.
The Elektrik Keyboard Chicago, Illinois, United States 1978 Depth Charge Stopped publishing video games in 1979.
ELF Corporation Tokyo, Japan 1989 Dōkyūsei Defunct in 2015.
Elite Systems Lichfield, UK 1984 Beyond the Ice Palace
Empire Interactive London, England, UK 1987 Big Mutha Truckers Defunct in 2009.
English Software Manchester, UK 1982 Jet-Boot Jack Defunct in 1987.
Enix Tokyo, Japan 1975 Dragon Warrior Merged with Square as Square Enix.
Enlight Software United States 1993 Restaurant Empire
Enterbrain Tokyo, Japan 1987 Tear Ring Saga Label of Kadokawa Corporation.
Durell Software Taunton, UK 1983 Saboteur Exited the video game industry in 1987.
Edge Games Pasadena, California, United States 1990
Eighting Tokyo, Japan 1993 Battle Garegga
Electric Transit Thousand Oaks, California, United States 1985 Wilderness: A Survival Adventure Defunct in 1987.
Emerald Software Waterford, Ireland 1988 Various licensed games for the Commodore 64 and Amiga Defunct in 1991.
Encore, Inc. Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States 1994 Torchlight Acquired by Speed Commerce in 2002 and WYNIT Distribution LLC in 2014.
Entertainment Software Publishing Japan 1997 Bangai-O Also known as ESP. Acquired by D3 Publisher, which continued to use it as a label until 2010.
En Masse Entertainment Seattle, Washington, United States 2010 TERA
Eolith Seoul, South Korea 1996 Various arcade games Defunct in 2005.
Eon Digital Entertainment London, England, UK 2000 Airfix Dogfighter Defunct in 2002.
Epic Games Potomac, Maryland, United States 1991 Epic Pinball, ZZT, Jill of the Jungle Also a video game developer. Known as Potomac Computer Systems until 1992, and Epic MegaGames until 1999.
Epoch Co. Tokyo, Japan 1958 Barcode Battler No longer publishes video games.
Epyx Chappaqua, New York, United States 1978 Dunjonquest series
Crush, Crumble and Chomp!
Various Olympics-themed games
Also a video game developer.
ERE Informatique France 1981 Macadam Bumper Acquired by Infogrames in 1987.
Europress Bath, England, UK 1965 Titanic: Adventure Out of Time Acquired by Hasbro Interactive in 1999.
Eushully Sapporo, Japan 1998 Various eroge Team within Arkham Products until 2005; label of Eukleia since then.
Examu Tokyo, Japan 1999 Arcana Heart Known as Yuki Enterprise until 2007.
Excalibur Publishing Banbury, UK 2005 Euro Truck Simulator 2
Exidy Sunnyvale, California, United States 1974 Mouse Trap, Venture Defunct in 1989.
F&C Japan 1987 Saori Known as Ides until 1997; published games under the FairyTale and Cocktail Soft labels until then.
FASA United States 1980 Ended video game development and publishing 2012
Fabtek Redmond, Washington, United States 1987 Cabal Defunct in 1999.
Fairchild Semiconductor Sunnyvale, California, United States 1957 Various Fairchild Channel F games Initially a division of Fairchild Camera and Instrument. Acquired by Schlumberger in 1979, then by National Semiconductor in 1987; regained independence in 1997; acquired by ON Semiconductor in 2016.
Family Soft Tokyo, Japan 1987 Mad Stalker: Full Metal Force
Fantasy Software Cheltenham, UK 1983 Various ZX Spectrum games Defunct in 1985.
Faster Than Light UK 1986 Hydrofool Label of Gargoyle Games. Defunct in 1989.
Fathammer Finland 2002 Gizmondo Motocross 2005 Acquired by Telcogames in 2006.
Firebird Software London, England, UK 1983 Elite Defunct in 1989 upon MicroProse's acquisition of Telecomsoft.
First Star Software Chappaqua, New York, United States 1982 Purchased by BBG Entertainment GmbH 2018
Feral Interactive London, England, UK 1999 Publishes Macintosh and Linux games
Fill-in-Cafe Japan 1987 Known as Team Cross Wonder until 1989. Defunct in 1998.
Fisher Price East Aurora, New York, United States 1930 Various Atari 8-bit and Colecovision games Acquired by Mattel in 1993. No longer publishes video games.
Fishtank Interactive Ravensburg, Germany 2000 AquaNox Publishing Label of Ravensburger Interactive. Acquired alongside parent by JoWooD Productions in 2002.
Flair Software Newcastle upon Tyne, UK 1990 Elvira: The Arcade Game Last game published in 1999.
Flight-Plan Gifu, Japan 1989 Sacred Blaze Defunct in 2010.
Flying Edge Glen Cove, New York, United States 1992 The Simpsons: Bart vs. the Space Mutants Label of Acclaim Entertainment. Defunct in 1994.
Focus Home Interactive Paris, France 1996 Pro Cycling Manager
Focus Multimedia Rugeley, UK 1995 Various budget CD-ROM games
FormGen Scottsdale, Arizona, United States 1987 Space Dude Acquired by GT Interactive in 1996.
Fox Interactive Los Angeles, California, United States 1982 Croc
Die Hard Trilogy
Also a video game developer. Acquired by Activision Blizzard.
Freeverse Software New York City, United States 1994 Project Nomads Acquired by Ngmoco in 2010.
French Bread Tokyo, Japan 1998 Glove on Fight Formerly known as Watanabe Seisakusho.
Fresh Games London, England, UK 2002 Publishing label for Eidos Interactive.
Froggo Sunnyvale, California 1987 Various Atari 2600 and 7800 games Defunct in 1989.
FromSoftware Tokyo, Japan 1986 Dark Souls
Front Wing Japan 2000 Tea Society of a Witch
FTL Games San Diego, California, United States 1982 Dungeon Master Defunct in 1996.
Fujisankei Communications International New York, New York, United States 1986 No longer publishes video games
Fujitsu Tokyo, Japan 1935 Various FM Towns games No longer publishes video games.
Full On Games Tokyo, Japan 1996 Various Dreamcast games Also known as FOG.
Funcom Oslo, Norway 1993 Age of Conan Also a video game developer.
Future Games Beroun, Czech Republic 1996 The Black Mirror Defunct in 2011.
Fuuki Kyoto, Japan 1977 Asura Blade: Sword of Dynasty
G-Collections Las Vegas, Nevada 2001 Kana Little Sister Acquired by JAST USA in 2005; defunct in 2015.
G.rev Japan 2000 Border Down
Gaelco Barcelona, Spain 1981 Big Karnak
Gaijinworks Redding, California, United States 2006 Miami Law
Gainax Tokyo, Japan 1984 Princess Maker No longer publishes video games.
Gakken Tokyo, Japan 1947 Might and Magic Book One: The Secret of the Inner Sanctum No longer publishes video games.
Gamecock Austin, Texas, United States 2007 Acquired by SouthPeak Games.
Gameloft Paris, France 2000 Asphalt Urban GT
Games by Apollo Richardson, Texas, United States 1981 Lost Luggage Defunct in 1983.
Games Workshop Nottingham, UK 1975 Chaos Ceased publishing video games in 1985.
GAMÉRICA Sao Paulo, Brazil 2011
GameTek North Miami Beach, Florida, United States 1987 Wheel of Fortune Publishing label of IJE. Defunct in 1998.
Game Arts Tokyo, Japan 1985 Thexder
The Game Factory Aarhus, Denmark 2004 Various licensed Game Boy Advance and Nintendo DS games Defunct.
Game Park South Korea 1996 Various GP32 games Defunct in 2007.
Game Studio Tokyo, Japan 1985 Defunct in 2015.
Gargoyle Games Dudley, England, UK 1983 Tir Na Nog Defunct in 1987.
Gathering of Developers Austin, Texas, United States 1998 Jazz Jackrabbit 2 Acquired by Take Two Interactive in 2000; renamed to Gathering. Defunct in 2004.
Gearbox Software Frisco, Texas, United States 1999 Bulletstorm: Full Clip Edition
General Entertainment Tokyo, Japan 1994 Defunct in 2011.
Genki Tokyo, Japan 1990 Tokyo Xtreme Racer
Ghostlight Braintree, Essex, UK 2004
Global Star Software Ontario, Canada 1992 Publishing label of Take-Two Interactive, name retired.
Gathering of Developers Texas, United States 1988 Tropico
Stronghold
Acquired by Take-Two Interactive, name retired.
Gebelli Software United States 1982 Various Apple II games Defunct in 1984.
Giga Japan 1993 Variable Geo
Gizmondo Sweden 2000 Sticky Balls Known as Tiger Telematics until 2004. Defunct in 2006.
Global A Entertainment Tokyo, Japan 1997 My World, My Way Renamed to GAE, Inc. in 2009.
Global VR San Jose, California, United States 1998 EA Sports NASCAR Racing
GN Software Japan 2003 Ren'ai CHU! Label of Good Navigate.
GOG Ltd Warsaw, Poland 2008 Also a digital distribution service.
Gogii Games data-sort-value="Canada, New Brunswick" | Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada 2006 Also a video game developer.
Gotham Games New York City, United States 2002 Conflict: Desert Storm Label of Take-Two Interactive. Defunct in 2003.
Gottlieb Chicago, Illinois, United States 1927 Q*bert Defunct in 1996.
Got Game Entertainment Weston, Connecticut, United States 2002 ARMA 2
Grandslam Entertainment Croydon, Surrey, UK 1987 Reunion Defunct in 1995.
Graphsim Entertainment Addison, Texas 1992 Hellcats Over the Pacific Also known as Graphic Simulations.
Gravity Seoul, Republic of Korea 2013 Ragnarok Online
Ragnarok Online 2: Legend of the Second
Also a video game developer. Subsidy of GungHo Online Entertainment.
Great Wave Software Scotts Valley, California, United States 1984 Various edutainment games Defunct.
Gremlin Industries San Diego, California, United States 1973 Blockade Acquired by Bally in 1984.
Gremlin Interactive Sheffield, England, UK 1984 Acquired by Atari, SA née Infogrames, name retired.
Grolier Interactive Inc New York City, United States 1982 Golden Gate Killer Known as Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc until 1996. Acquired by Scholasttic in 1999.
Groove Games Toronto, Ontario, Canada 2001 Pariah Defunct in 2009.
GSC World Publishing Kiev, Ukraine 2004
GTE Interactive Media Carlsbad, California, United States 1990 Titanic: Adventure Out of Time Software publishing arm of GTE. Defunct in 1997.
GT Interactive New York City, United States 1993 Blood Acquired by Atari, SA née Infogrames.
GungHo Online Entertainment Tokyo, Japan 1998 Ragnarok DS
Gust Corporation Nagano, Japan 1993 Also a video game developer.
Hacker International Japan 1990 Menace Beach Defunct in 2001.
Haikuo Soft Japan 2001 Yotsunoha
HAL Laboratory Tokyo, Japan 1980 Eggerland No longer publishes video games.
Hamster Corporation Tokyo, Japan 1999 Shienryu
HanbitSoft South Korea 1999 StarCraft
Hasbro Interactive California, United States
United States North Carolina, United States
1995 Monopoly
RISK
RollerCoaster Tycoon
Assets acquired by Atari, SA née Infogrames in 2000, no staff retained
Hect Japan 1988 Firestriker Defunct in 2002.
Her Interactive Bellevue, Washington, United States 1995 Nancy Drew Also a video game developer.
Heureka-Klett Germany 1996 Opera Fatal Defunct.
Hi Tech Expressions United States 1988
Hewson Consultants UK 1981 Pinball Dreams Defunct in 1991.
Hirameki Diamond Bar, California, United States 2000 Ever17 Ceased publishing video games in 2008.
Hodder & Stoughton London, England, UK 1868 The Rats No longer publishes video games.
Home Entertainment Suppliers Sydney, Australia 1984 Raid 2020 Also known as HES.
Hooksoft Tokyo, Japan 2000 Orange Pocket
HopeLab Redwood City, California, United States 2001 Re-Mission
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Boston, Massachusetts, United States 1832 Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego? Treasures of Knowledge Publishes games through its software division, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Learning Technology, which was known as Riverdeep PLC until its acquisition of Houghton Mifflin in 2006, and then as Houghton Mifflin Riverdeep Group until 2007.
Hudson Soft Minato, Tokyo, Japan 1973 Bomberman
Bonk
Adventure Island
Also a video game developer. Acquired by Konami.
Human Engineered Software Brisbane, California, United States 1980 Project Space Station Acquired by Avant Garde Publishing Corp. in 1984.
Human Entertainment Tokyo, Japan 1983 Fire Pro Wrestling Defunct in 2000.
HummingBirdSoft Japan 1982 Laplace no Ma Defunct.
Humongous Entertainment City of Industry, California, United States 1992 Putt-Putt Defunct in 2004. Since reestablished, but no longer self-publishes.
IBM Armonk, New York, United States 1911 Alley Cat
Iceberg Interactive Haarlem, The Netherlands 2009 Killing Floor
APB: Reloaded
Endless Space
StarDrive
ICOM Simulations Wheeling, Illinois, United States 1981 Sherlock Holmes: Consulting Detective Acquired by Viacom New Media in 1993, reformed as Rabid Entertainment in 1997, and closed in 1998.
Idea Factory Tokyo, Japan 1994 Black Stone: Magic & Steel
id Software Richardson, Texas, United States 1991 Heretic Acquired by ZeniMax Media in 2009.
Ignition Entertainment Essex, England, UK 2002 Acquired by The Walt Disney Company
Illusion Soft Yokohama, Japan 2001 RapeLay
Imageepoch Tokyo, Japan 2005 Black Rock Shooter: The Game Defunct in 2015.
Image Works UK 1988 Bloodwych Label of Mirrorsoft. Last game published in 1991.
Imagic California, United States 1981 Various Atari 2600 games
Various early consoles games
Also a video game developer.
Imagine Software Liverpool, England, UK 1982 Arcadia, Alchemist Defunct in 1984; rights bought by Ocean Software, which continued to use the Imagine name as a label on some games.
Impressions Games Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States 1989 Global Domination Acquired by Sierra in 1995; defunct in 2004.
Incentive Software Reading, Berkshire, UK 1983 Driller Reformed as Superscape in 1992.
Incredible Technologies Vernon Hills, United States 1985 Golden Tee Golf
index+ France 1992 Various adventure games Merged with France Telecom Multimedia in 2000 to become Wanadoo Edition.
IndieBox United States 2014 Various indie games
indiePub Entertainment Cincinnati, Ohio, United States 2008
Infocom Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States 1979 Zork series Acquired by Activision, name retired.
Infogrames Lyon, France, France 1983 (Renamed Atari, SA)
Innerprise Software Hunt Valley, Maryland, United States 1989 Battle Squadron Defunct in 1992.
Inscape Los Angeles, United States 1994 Bad Day on the Midway
Drowned God
Acquired by Graphix Zone in early 1997, which ceased operations in November 1997.
Intellivision Productions United States 1997 Intellivision Lives!
Interactive Magic Cary, North Carolina, United States 1994 Capitalism Changed name to iEntertainment Network in 1999.
Interceptor Micros Tadley, UK 1982 The Heroes Of Karn Also a video game developer. Defunct in 1992.
Interchannel Tokyo, Japan 1931 Marvel: Ultimate Alliance Subsidiary of NEC until 2004. No longer publishes video games.
International Games System New Taipei City, Taiwan 1989 Knights of Valour
Interplay Entertainment Beverly Hills, California, United States 1983 Fallout
Descent
Also a video game developer. Acquired by Titus Interactive, closed and reopened as an independent publisher.
Introversion Software Walton-on-Thames, UK 2001 Uplink
INTV Corporation United States 1984 Various Intellivision games Defunct in 1990.
inXile Entertainment Newport Beach, California, United States 2002 Also a video game developer.
iQue Suzhou, China 2002 Various iQue games Joint venture between Wei Yen and Nintendo.
Irem Tokyo, Japan 1997 Also a video game developer. Dissolved video game subsidiary in 2011.
ITE Media Copenhagen, Denmark 1998 Hugo Software publishing arm of Interactive Television Entertainment. Acquired by NDS Group in 2006; defunct in 2010.
J.K. Greye Software Bath, England, UK 1981 3D Monster Maze Reformed as J.K. Greye Enterprises Ltd in 1983.
Jaleco Japan 1974 Also a video game developer.
JAST USA San Diego, California, United States 1996 Season of the Sakura
Jester Interactive Wales, UK 1997 Suzuki TT Superbikes
Johnson & Johnson New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States 1886 Tooth Protectors No longer publishes video games.
JoWooD Productions Liezen, Austria 1995 Folded into Nordic Games in 2011.
K2 Network (Gamersfirst) Irvine, California, United States 2001 War Rock
Sword 2
APB: Reloaded
Knight Online
Fallen Earth
Merged with Reloaded Games
Kalisto Entertainment Bordeaux, France 1990 S.C.OUT Label of Atreid Concept until 1996, when it became the name of the company as a whole. Defunct in 2002.
Kalypso Media Worms, Germany 2006 Imperium Romanum
Kaneko Tokyo, Japan 1980
Kaypro San Diego, California, United States 1981 Ladder Defunct in 1992; reestablished in 1999; defunct again in 2001.
Kemco Japan 1984 Top Gear Also a video game developer.
King Games Miami, Florida 2006 Sneak King Label of Burger King used for a 2006 advergame promotion.
KID Tokyo, Japan 1988 Infinity Cure Defunct in 2006.
Kingsoft Aachen, Germany 1983 Acquired by Electronic Arts in 1983; defunct in 2000.
King Records Tokyo, Japan 1931 Jesus: Kyōfu no Bio Monster No longer publishes video games.
Knowledge Adventure Los Angeles, California, United States 1989 Undersea Adventure
Koch Media Germany 1994 Dead Island Bought by THQ Nordic February 2018
Koei Ashikaga, Tochigi, Japan 1976 Dynasty Warriors Also a video game developer. Merged into Tecmo Koei.
Koei Tecmo Japan 2009 Changed name from Tecmo Koei in 2014.
Kogado Studio Tokyo, Japan 1916 Cosmic Soldier
Konami Tokyo, Japan 1969 Castlevania
Metal Gear
Contra
Silent Hill
Krisalis Software Rotherham, England, UK 1987 Soccer Kid Defunct in 2001.
KSS Japan 1990 Majyūō Exited the video game industry in 2001.
Kure Software Koubou Japan 1985 Also known as KSK.
La'cryma Japan 2006 True Tears
Lankhor Paris, France 1987 Mortville Manor Defunct in 2001.
Le Lombard Belgium 1946 Thorgal: Curse of Atlantis No longer publishes video games.
Legacy Interactive Hollywood, California, United States 1998 Also a video game developer.
Legendo Gothenburg, Sweden 1998 Pure Pinball Known as Iridon Interactive until 2005.
Legend Entertainment Chantilly, Virginia, United States 1989 Spellcasting Acquired by GT Interactive in 1998; defunct in 2004.
Lego Interactive London, England, UK 1996 Lego Loco Publishing arm of Lego Group. Known as Lego Media until 2000, and Lego Software from then until 2002. Defunct in 2005.
Leland Corporation El Cajon, California, United States 1987 Dragon's Lair II: Time Warp Renamed to Leland Interactive Media in 1993. Acquired by WMS Industries in 1994.
Level-5 Fukuoka, Japan 1998 Yo-kai Watch
Level 9 Computing UK 1981 Jewels of Darkness Defunct in 1991.
Limited Run Games Raleigh, North Carolina, United States 2015 Various indie games
Linux Game Publishing Nottingham, England, UK 2001
Lighthouse Interactive Haarlem, The Netherlands 2005 LocoMania Acquired by SilverBirch Inc. in 2008; defunct in 2009.
LJN New York City, United States 1970 Acquired by Acclaim Entertainment.
LK Avalon Świlcza, Poland 1989 Hans Kloss
Llamasoft Wales, UK 1981 Attack of the Mutant Camels
Logotron Ltd Cambridge, England, UK 1987 XOR Published last game in 1990.
Loki Software Tustin, California, United States 1998
Loriciel France 1983 Jim Power in Mutant Planet Defunct in 1995.
LucasArts San Francisco, California, United States 1982 Monkey Island
Maniac Mansion
Indiana Jones
Star Wars
Acquired by The Walt Disney Company (originally Lucasfilm Games LLC)
Lump of Sugar Japan 2005 Nursery Rhyme
MacPlay Dallas, Texas, United States 1993 Various Macintosh games Label of Interplay until 1997. Revived in 2000 as a label of United Developers.
MacSoft Plymouth, Minnesota, United States 1993 Various Macintosh games Acquired by Destineer in 2003.
Mad Catz San Diego, California, United States 1989 MC Groovz Dance Craze Defunct in 2017.
Magical Company Kobe, Japan 1985 Kōshien No longer publishes video games.
Magnavox Napa, California, United States 1911 Magnavox Odyssey Also a video game developer. Acquired by Philips in 1974. Exited the video game industry in 1984.
Mr Chip Software Chester, UK 1982 Various Commodore 64 games Ceased publishing video games in 1984; changed name to Magnetic Fields in 1988.
magnussoft Kesselsdorf, Germany 1984
Mandarin Software Adlington, UK 1988 Lancelot Publishing label of Europress Software. Last game published in 1990.
MangaGamer Japan 2009 Various visual novels
Martech Pevensey Bay, UK 1982 Rex Ceased publishing video games in 1989.
Majesco Entertainment Edison, New Jersey, United States 1986 Cooking Mama Exited the video game industry in 2016.
Marvelous AQL Tokyo, Japan 2011 Also a video game developer.
Marvelous Entertainment Tokyo, Japan 1997 Harvest Moon DS Merged with AQ Interactive in 2011 to become Marvelous AQL.
Masaya Japan 1985 Target Earth Label of NCS until 2014, and of Extreme since then.
Mastertronic UK 1983 One Man and His Droid, Master of Magic Merged with Virgin Interactive in 1988, and subsequently absorbed into Sega in 1991.
Mastiff San Francisco, California 2002 Also a video game developer.
Matrix Games Staten Island, New York, United States 2000 Distant Worlds
War in the Pacific
Mattel El Segundo, California, United States 1945 Astrosmash Exited the video game business in 1984.
Maximum Games Walnut Creek, California, United States 2009 Deer Drive Legends
JASF: Jane's Advanced Strike Fighters
Worms Collection
Formerly Maximum Family Games
Maxis Emeryville, California, United States 1987 SimCity series
The Sims series
Spore
Acquired by Electronic Arts, exists as a brand name
Max Design Schladming, Austria 1991 1869 Defunct in 2004.
MC2 France Paris, France 2003 Sniper Elite Currently publishes under the Microids label.
MC Lothlorien UK 1982 Micro Mouse Goes Debugging Defunct in 1990.
MECC Brooklyn Center, Minnesota, United States 1973 The Oregon Trail Defunct in 1999.
MediaWorks Tokyo, Japan 1992 Emerald Dragon Merged with ASCII Corporation in 2008 to become ASCII MediaWorks.
Media Factory Tokyo, Japan 1986 Derby Stallion 64 Label of Recruit until 2011, and of Kadokawa Corporation since then. No longer publishes video games.
Media Rings Tokyo, Japan 1989 Zero4 Champ Defunct in 2007.
Mega Enterprise Seoul, South Korea 1998 Call of Duty Defunct in 2007.
Melbourne House Melbourne, Australia 1977 Way of the Exploding Fist Acquired by Krome Studios in 2006; closed in 2010.
Meldac Japan 1990 Zombie Nation No longer publishes video games.
Metro3D, Inc. San Jose, California, United States 1998 Dual Blades Defunct in 2004.
Metropolis Software Warsaw, Poland 1992 Teenagent Acquired by CD Projekt in 2008; defunct in 2009.
MGM Interactive United States 1995 Machine Hunter Software publishing arm of Metro-Goldwyn-Meyer. Defunct in 2005.
Microdeal St Austell, Cornwall, England, UK 1981 Goldrunner Rights sold to HiSoft Systems in 1989.
Microïds France 1984 Also a video game developer.
MicroIllusions Granada Hills, California, United States 1987 The Faery Tale Adventure Last game published in 1989.
Micronet co., Ltd. Sapporo, Japan 1982 Curse No longer publishes video games.
MicroProse Hunt Valley, Maryland, United States 1982 X-Com Acquired by Hasbro Interactive, name retired.
Microsoft Redmond, Washington, United States 1975 Halo
Age of Empires
Gears of War
Black & White
Publishes games under the Microsoft Game Studios banner since 2002.
Microsphere London, England, UK 1982 Skool Daze Defunct in 1987.
Microcabin Japan 1982 Xak: The Art of Visual Stage Acquired by AQ Interactive in 2008, and by Fields Corporation in 2011.
Micrografx Richardson, Texas, United States 1982 Acquired by Corel in 2001.
MicroGraphic Image United States 1983 Spelunker Defunct in 1984.
Micro Genius Taipei, Taiwan 1989 Defunct in 1994.
Micro Power Leeds, England, UK 1980 Castle Quest Defunct in 1987.
Midas Interactive Entertainment Braintree, Essex, England, UK 1999 Sanvein
Midway Games Chicago, Illinois, United States 1988 Mortal Kombat Also a video game developer. Assets acquired by Warner Bros. Interactive and THQ.
Midway Manufacturing Chicago, Illinois, United States 1958 Spy Hunter Also a video game developer. Acquired by Bally in 1969; Bally/Midway was in turn acquired by Williams Electronics in 1987. Reformed as Midway Games in 1988.
Mikro-Gen Bracknell, UK 1981 Pyjamarama Acquired by Creative Sparks Distribution in 1987.
MileStone Inc. Tokyo, Japan 2003 Chaos Field Closed in 2013.
Millennium Interactive Cambridge, England, UK 1988 Cloud Kingdoms Acquired by Sony Interactive Entertainment in 1997.
Milton Bradley Company East Longmeadow, Massachusetts, United States 1860 Time Lord Acquired by Hasbro in 1984. Defunct in 2009.
Minato Soft Japan 2006 Kimi ga Aruji de Shitsuji ga Ore de Also publishes under the Whale label.
Mindscape Novato, California, United States 1980 No longer publishes video games.
Mindcraft Torrance, California, United States 1989 The Magic Candle Last game published in 1993.
Minori Japan 2001 Bittersweet Fools Software division of CoMixWave until 2007.
Mirrorsoft London, England, UK 1982 Tetris (Home computers) Acquired by Acclaim Entertainment in 1992.
Mitchell Corporation Tokyo, Japan 1960 Pang Defunct in 2012.
Mojang Stockholm, Sweden 2009 Minecraft: Wii U Edition Acquired by Microsoft in 2014.
Monolith Productions Kirkland, Washington, United States 1994 Get Medieval Acquired by Warner Bros. in 2004.
Monte Cristo Paris, France 1995 Cities XL Defunct in 2010.
Moonstone Japan 2003 Gift Also publishes under the Moonstone Cherry label.
Mosaic Publishing London, England, UK 1983 Erik the Viking Defunct in 1988.
MOSS Tokyo, Japan 1993 Caladrius
Motown Games United States 1994 Rap Jam: Volume One Software publishing arm of Motown. Defunct in 1996.
Mountain King Studios Chicago, Illinois, United States 1992 DemonStar No longer publishes video games.
MTO Yokohama, Japan 1996 GT Pro Series
MTV Games New York City, United States 2006 Rock Band
Mud Duck Productions Rockville, Maryland, United States 2002 Malice Label of ZeniMax Media. Defunct in 2007.
Muse Software Monrovia, Maryland, United States 1978 Also a video game developer.
MumboJumbo Dallas, Texas, United States 2001 7 Wonders of the Ancient World
Mystique United States 1982 Custer's Revenge Offshoot of Caballero Control Corporation and American Multiple Industries. Defunct in 1983.
Namco Tokyo, Japan 1955 Tekken
Pac-Man
Ace Combat
Time Crisis
No longer publishes video games. Video game division merged with Bandai's video game operations as Namco Bandai Games.
Natsume Co Ltd Tokyo, Japan 1987 Abadox Renamed to Natsume-Atari in 2013 following merger with subsidiary Atari.
Natsume Inc Burlingame, California 1988 Harvest Moon Division of Natsume Co Ltd until 1995.
Navel Japan 2003 Shuffle! Label of Omega Vision, Inc.
Naxat Soft Tokyo, Japan 1988 Recca Defunct in 2015.
NCsoft Seoul, South Korea 1997 Lineage
Guild Wars
NEC Corporation Tokyo, Japan 1899 Keith Courage in Alpha Zones Exited the video game industry in 1998.
Neko Entertainment Montreuil, France 1999 Super Army War
Netdragon Fuzhou, China 1997 Also a video game developer.
Netease Guangzhou, China 1997 Fantasy Westward Journey Also a video game developer and online services company.
New Generation Software UK 1982 Trashman Defunct in 1986.
NewKidCo Manhattan, New York, United States 1998 E.T.: Interplanetary Mission Defunct in 2005.
New World Computing Agoura Hills, California, United States 1984 Might and Magic
Heroes of Might and Magic
Also a video game developer. Purchased by 3DO.
Nexon Seoul, South Korea 1994 Maplestory Also a video game developer.
Nihon Falcom Japan 1981 Dragon Slayer
Nintendo Kyoto, Japan 1889 Super Mario
Legend of Zelda
Metroid
Pokémon
Also a video game developer.
Nippon Ichi Software Japan 1994 Disgaea series Also a video game developer.
Nihon Bussan Japan 1970 Crazy Climber
Terra Cresta
A.K.A. Nichibutsu
Nitroplus Tokyo, Japan 2000 Phantom of Inferno
Novagen Software Birmingham, England, UK 1983 Mercenary Defunct in 1992.
Nokia Espoo, Finland 1865
Nordcurrent Vilnius, Lithuania 2002 Minon: Everyday Hero
NovaLogic Calabasas, California, United States 1985 Comanche Acquired by THQ Nordic in 2016.
Nova Games Russia 2014 Mobile games publisher
NTDEC Taipei, Taiwan 1983 Various unlicensed Famicom games Defunct in 1993.
Nutting Associates Mountain View, California, United States 1965 Computer Space Defunct in 1976.
O3 Entertainment Santa Clara, California, United States 2001
Ocean Software Manchester, UK 1984 Various licensed Commodore 64 and Amiga games Acquired by Infogrames
Ocean State Publishing Woonsocket, Rhode Island, United States 1990 Jixxa Label of Rhode Island Soft Systems. Acquired by Freeze.com in 2003.
Odin Computer Graphics Liverpool, England, UK 1985 Nodes of Yesod Defunct in 1988, re-established in 2005.
Opera Soft Spain 1986 The Last Mission Defunct in 1992.
Orbital Media Calgary, Alberta, Canada 2003 Racing Gears Advance No longer publishes video games.
Origin Systems Austin, Texas, United States 1983 Ultima
Wing Commander
Also a video game developer. Acquired by Electronic Arts.
Orion Interactive United States 1996 Defunct following acquisition by Metro-Goldwyn-Meyer in 1997.
Out of the Park Developments Hollern-Twielenfleth, Germany 1999 Out of the Park Baseball
0verflow Tokyo, Japan 1997 School Days
Oxygen Games Northamptonshire, England, UK 2004 Also a video game developer.
OziSoft Sydney, Australia 1982 A Journey to the Centre of the Earth Acquired by Infogrames in 1998, and Namco Bandai Games in 2009.
Pacific Novelty United States 1980 The Amazing Adventures of Mr. F. Lea Last game published in 1983.
Pack-In-Video Japan 1970 Harvest Moon (Japanese release) Acquired by Victor Entertainment in 1996; became Victor Interactive Software.
Palace Software London, England, UK 1983 Barbarian: The Ultimate Warrior, Cauldron Acquired by Titus Software in 1991.
Palette Tokyo, Japan 2002 Moshimo Ashita ga Hare Naraba
Panda Entertainment Taiwan 1993 Sango Fighter Last game published in 1997.
Panasonic Osaka, Japan 1918 D No longer publishes video games.
Panesian Taiwan Taiwan 1990 AV-Pachi Slot, Bubble Bath Babes, Peek-A-Boo Poker Publisher of eroge for the Family Computer and NES
Panther Games Canberra, Australia 1985 Fire-Brigade: The Battle for Kiev - 1943
Panther Software Japan 1987 Last game published in 2004.
Paradox Interactive Stockholm, Sweden 1998 Also a video game developer.
Paragon Software Greensburg, Pennsylvania, United States 1985 The Amazing Spider-Man Defunct in 1992.
Parker Brothers Beverly, Massachusetts, United States 1883 Montezuma's Revenge Acquired by Hasbro in 1991, which continued to use it as a label on some video games until 1994.
Parsoft Interactive United States 1991 A-10 Attack! Defunct in 2002.
Peach Princess San Diego, California, United States 2001 X-Change
Penguin Software Geneva, Illinois, United States 1978
Pentavision South Korea 2003 DJMax Portable Division of Neowiz Games. Merged with GameOn Studios in 2012.
Perfect World Beijing, China 2004 Perfect World
Jade Dynasty
Also a video game developer. Subsidiaries include Runic Games and Cryptic Studios.
Personal Software Services Coventry, UK 1981 The Battle For Midway Acquired by Mirrorsoft in 1987.
Petit Ferret Japan 2002 Popotan Defunct.
Petroglyph Games Las Vegas, Nevada, US 2003 End of Nations
Guardians of Graxia
Heroes of Graxia
Mytheon
Panzer General: Allied Assault
Panzer General: Russian Assault
Universe at War
Star Wars: Empire at War
Also a video game developer.
PF Magic San Francisco, California, United States 1991 Petz Acquired by Ubisoft in 1998.
Phantagram South Korea 1994 Phantom Crash
Philips Amsterdam, Netherlands 1891 Various CD-i games No longer publishes video games.
Pionesoft Japan 2003 After... Defunct in 2008.
Piranha Games London, England, UK 1986 The Trap Door Software publishing arm of Macmillan Publishers Ltd. Defunct in 1988.
Piranha Interactive Publishing Tempe, Arizona, United States 1995 Morpheus Defunct in 1999.
PlayFirst San Francisco, California, United States 2004 Diner Dash Acquired by Glu mobile in 2014
Playlogic Entertainment, Inc. The Netherlands, Amsterdam 2002
Playmates Toys Costa Mesa, California, United States 1966 Earthworm Jim (SNES)
The Pokémon Company Tokyo, Japan 1998 Pokémon Diamond and Pearl Subsidiary of Nintendo.
Pony Canyon Tokyo, Japan 1966 Dr. Chaos No longer publishes video games.
PopCap Games Seattle, Washington, United States 2000 Bejeweled
Plants vs. Zombies
Peggle
Zuma
Also a video game developer. Now owned by EA Games.
Positech Games UK 1997
Presto Studios Encinitas, California, United States 1991 The Journeyman Project Defunct in 2002.
PrincessSoft Japan 2001 Day of Love Publishing label of Oaks Co., Ltd.
Prism Leisure Corporation Enfield, Middlesex, England, UK 1984 Various ZX Spectrum games Also published under the Addictive Games, Endurance Games, and Paxman Promotions labels. Defunct.
Probe Software Croydon, England, UK 1984 Mantronix Acquired by Acclaim Entertainment in 1999; defunct in 2004.
Programma International Los Angeles, California, United States 1978 3-D Docking Mission Defunct in 1983.
Prolific Publishing Burbank, California, United States 1984 Return Fire Publishing label of Silent Software. Last game published in 2002.
Prototype Tokyo, Japan 2006 Planetarian: The Reverie of a Little Planet
Psygnosis Liverpool, England, UK 1984 Discworld
Lemmings
Also a video game developer.
Psikyo Kyoto, Japan 1992 Sengoku Blade Defunct in 2003; continued to be used a label until 2005.
Psycho Japan 2001 Miko Miko Nurse Label of Nexton.
Psytronik Software UK 1993 Knight 'n' Grail
Pulltop Japan 2002 Princess Waltz
Purple Moon Mountain View, California, United States 1997 Various girls' video games Acquired by Mattel in 1999.
Purple software Japan 1985 Haruiro Ouse Label of JAST. Known as Purple until 1998.
Quality Software Chatsworth, California, United States 1978 The Return of Heracles Defunct in 1984.
Quantum Axcess Columbus, Ohio, United States 1994 Malice Last game published c. 2003.
Quantum Quality Productions Flemington, New Jersey, United States 1991 The Perfect General Acquired by American Laser Games in 1994; defunct in 1995.
Quest Corporation Tokyo, Japan 1988 Ogre Battle: The March of the Black Queen Defunct in 2002 following acquisition by Square.
Quicksilva UK 1983 Ant Attack, Bugaboo (The Flea) Acquired by Argus Press Software in 1984, which used the Quicksilva name as a label until 1989.
QuinRose Japan 2005 Arabians Lost: The Engagement on Desert
Quintet Tokyo, Japan 1987 Solo Crisis Defunct in 2002.
Qute Sagamihara, Japan 1999 Dicing Knight Period
Q Entertainment Tokyo, Japan 2003 Lumines II
R&P Electronic Media Amstelveen, Netherlands 1991 Starship Titanic Ceased publishing games in 2000.
R2Games Hong Kong, China 2010
Rabbit Software London, England, UK 1982 Potty Painter Acquired by Virgin Games in 1985.
Radica Games United States 1983 Play TV Acquired by Mattel in 2006.
Rage Software Liverpool, England, UK 1992 Striker Defunct in 2003.
Rainbird Software London, England, UK 1986 Starglider Label of Telecomsoft until 1989, and of MicroProse from then until its discontinuation in 1991.
Rainbow Arts Gütersloh, Germany 1984 Turrican, The Great Giana Sisters Also a video game developer. Acquired by Funsoft and subsequently absorbed into THQ in 1999.
Rare Twycross, England, UK 1985 Jet Force Gemini Acquired by Microsoft in 2002.
Raster_Entertainment United States Portland, Maine, United States 2016 Pembrey Also a video game developer.
Ravensburger Interactive Ravensburg, Germany 1883 The Famous 5 Video game subsidiary of Ravensburger AG. Acquired by JoWooD Productions in 2002.
Raw Thrills Skokie, Illinois, United States 2001 Target: Terror
Red Ant Enterprises Australia 2001 Local distributor for other publishers' games. Defunct in 2011.
Red Barrels Canada Montreal, Quebec, Canada 2011 Outlast Also a video game developer.
Red Entertainment Tokyo, Japan 1976 Gungrave Known as Red Company until 2000.
RedOctane Mountain View, California, United States 1999 Guitar Hero Acquired by Activision in 2006; defunct in 2010.
Red Orb Entertainment Novato, California, United States 1997 Riven Label of Broderbund, and of Mindscape from 1998 onward. Defunct in 2001 following acquisition by Ubisoft.
Red Shift London, England 1983 Rebelstar Raiders Defunct in 1985.
RedSpotGames Munich, Germany 2005 Last Hope Defunct in 2013.
Red Storm Entertainment Cary, North Carolina, United States 1996 Rainbow Six Also a video game developer. Acquired by Ubisoft.
Regista Japan 2004 I/O
reLINE Software Hanover, Germany 1987 Amegas Defunct in 2004.
Renegade Software Wapping, London, England, UK 1991 Gods, Fire & Ice Publishing arm of The Bitmap Brothers. Acquired by GT Interactive in 1997.
Renovation Products United States 1990 Acquired by Sega
Richard Shepherd Software Slough, Berkshire, England, UK 1982 Shaken but not Stirred Defunct in 1984.
Right Stuff Tokyo, Japan 1990 Flash Hiders Defunct in 1999.
Riot Games Santa Monica, United States 2006 League of Legends Also a video game developer. Acquired by Tencent.
Ripcord Games Santa Clara, California, United States 1996 Postal Label of Panasonic Interactive Media until 1999. Stopped publishing video games in 2001. Defunct in 2009.
Rising Star Games Hitchin, England, UK 2004
Riverhillsoft Japan 1982 J.B. Harold Murder Club Defunct in 2004.
Rock-Ola Chicago, Illinois, United States 1927 Nibbler No longer publishes video games.
Rockstar Games New York, New York, United States 1998 Max Payne
Grand Theft Auto
Manhunt
Midnight Club
Bully
Also a video game developer. Currently a publishing label of Take-Two Interactive.
Romstar Torrance, California, United States 1984 Twin Cobra Defunct in 1992.
Romtech Langhorne, Pennsylvania, United States 1999 Defunct.
Rovio Entertainment Espoo, Finland 2003 Angry Birds Publishers its own developed games as well as 3rd parties under Rovio Stars
RTL Group Kirchberg, Luxembourg 1920 Crash Time: Autobahn Pursuit Publishes under the RTL Playtainment label.
RuneSoft Tübingen, Germany 2000 Various Linux and Mac OS games
Saga Planets Osaka, Japan 1998 Ren'ai CHU!
Sanctuary Woods Victoria, British Columbia, Canada 1988 Ripley's Believe It or Not!: The Riddle of Master Lu Defunct in 2001.
Scavenger, Inc. Los Angeles, California, United States 1996 Scorcher Defunct in 1998.
Sammy Studios Minato, Japan 2004 Merged with Sega as Sega Sammy Holdings,
SCi Games London, England, UK 1988 Bought and merged with Eidos Interactive in 2005. Name retired.
Safari Software Houston, Texas, United States 1989 Traffic Department 2192 Acquired by Epic MegaGames in 1997.
Scholastic Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania, United States 1920 Agent United States Ceased publishing video games in 2007.
Sears Chicago, Illinois, United States 1886 Various Atari 2600 games Published under the Tele-Games label. Exited the video game industry in 1983.
Sega Tokyo, Japan 1960 Sonic the Hedgehog
Phantasy Star
Virtua Fighter
Also a video game developer. Merged with Sammy Studios as Sega Sammy Holdings.
Seibu Kaihatsu Tokyo, Japan 1982 Raiden Ceased publishing video games in 1998.
SETA Corporation Tokyo, Japan 1985
Shadow Tor Studios UK 2005 Barrow Hill
Shanda Shanghai, China 1999 The World of Legend
Sharp Corporation Sakai, Japan 1912 Nekketsu High School Dodgeball Club: Soccer No longer publishes video games.
Sherston Software Sherston, Wiltshire, UK 1983 Various BBC Micro games Defunct in 2011; now a label of Sherston Publishing Group.
Dynamic Planning Tokyo, Japan 1974 Shien's Revenge Also known as Dynamic Kikaku. No longer publishes video games.
Shoeisha Tokyo, Japan 1986 BreakThru! No longer publishes video games.
Shogakukan Tokyo, Japan 1922 Professor Kageyama's Maths Training: The Hundred Cell Calculation Method
Shrapnel Games Cary, North Carolina, United States 1999
Sierra Entertainment California, United States 1979 Gabriel Knight
King's Quest
Leisure Suit Larry
Half-Life
Police Quest
Quest for Glory
Space Quest
Also a video game developer. Originally folded into Activision, but is now revived and acts as an indie game publisher for Activision.
Silicon Beach Software San Diego, California, United States 1984 Enchanted Scepters Acquired by Aldus in 1990.
Silmarils Lognes, Paris, France 1987 Metal Mutant Defunct in 2003.
Simon & Schuster Interactive New York City, United States 1995 Deer Avenger Defunct in 2003.
SIMS Co., Ltd. Tokyo, Japan 1991 Vay
Simulations Canada Canada 1977 Various computer wargames No longer publishes video games.
Sinclair Research Ltd. London, England, UK 1973 1K ZX Chess Brand name sold to Amstrad in 1985, which continued to use it as a label until 1992.
Sirius Software Sacramento, California, United States 1980 Wayout Defunct in 1984.
Sir-Tech New York City, United States 1979 Wizardry Defunct in 2003.
Slitherine Epsom, Surrey, UK 2000 Panzer Corps
Distant Worlds
Publisher of strategy and wargames on PC, Mac, mobile and home consoles.
SNK Osaka, Japan 2001 Ikari Warriors
Fatal Fury
World Heroes
Samurai Showdown
Art of Fighting
Soedesco Rotterdam, The Netherlands 2001 Various indie games
SOFEL Tokyo, Japan 1979 Wall Street Kid No longer publishes video games.
Soft-World Taipei, Taiwan 1983 Heroes of Jin Yong
Softape United States 1978 Various Apple II games Defunct in 1983.
Softdisk Shreveport, Louisiana, United States 1981 Catacomb 3-D Defunct in 2016.
SoftKey United States 1978 Oregon Trail II Known as Micro International Corp. until 1989, and as WordStar International Inc. until 1994. Changed name to The Learning Company in 1996; continued to use the SoftKey label on some software until 1999, when the company was acquired by Mattel.
Softek International Ltd London, England, UK 1980 Quo Vadis Defunct in 1989. Published some games under the label The Edge.
Softmax South Korea 1994 Magna Carta: The Phantom of Avalanche
SoftSide United States 1978 Arena of Octos Defunct in 1984.
Softstar Taipei, Taiwan 1988 The Legend of Sword and Fairy
Software 2000 Eutin, Germany 1987 Fast Food Tycoon Defunct in 2002.
Software Dynamics Victoria, British Columbia, Canada 1987 Operation: Inner Space
Software Projects Liverpool, England, UK 1983 Jet Set Willy Defunct in 1985.
Sony Imagesoft Los Angeles, California, United States 1989 Super Dodge Ball Initially known as CSG Imagesoft. Defunct in 1995.
Sony Interactive Entertainment San Mateo, California, United States 1993 Ratchet & Clank
Jak and Daxter
God of War
Killzone
Uncharted
Resistance
Sony Pictures Digital California, United States 1997 Publisher of mobile phone games.
SouthPeak Games Virginia, United States 1996 Two Worlds
Spectral Associates Tacoma, Washington, United States 1980 Various TRS-80 Color Computer games Published last game in 1988.
Spectravideo United States 1981 Mangia Published Atari 2600 games under the label Spectravision. Defunct in 1988.
Spectrum HoloByte Alameda, California, United States 1983 Also a video game developer. Acquired by Hasbro Interactive.
Spike Tokyo, Japan 1991 Michigan: Report from Hell Merged with Chunsoft in 2012.
Spil Games Hilversum, The Netherlands 2001 Also a video game developer.
Spinnaker Software Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States 1982 In Search of the Most Amazing Thing Acquired by The Learning Company in 1994.
Square Tokyo, Japan 1986 Final Fantasy Also a video game developer. Merged with Enix to create Square Enix.
Square Electronic Arts Costa Mesa, California, United States 1998 Parasite Eve Owned by Square and Electronic Arts. Folded back into Square and changed to Square Enix.
Square Enix Tokyo, Japan 1975 Dragon Quest
Square Enix Europe London, England, UK 1990 Tomb Raider
Hitman
Thief
Also a video game developer. Acquired by SCi Games in 2005, then by Square Enix in 2009. Formerly known as Eidos Interactive until 2009.
Stardock Livonia, Michigan, United States 1991 Sins of a Solar Empire
Galactic Civilizations
Also a video game developer.
Starpath Livermore, California, United States 1981 Escape from the Mindmaster Defunct in 1984.
Stern Electronics Chicago, Illinois, United States 1977 Berzerk Ceased video game production in 1985.
Sting Entertainment Tokyo, Japan 1989 Last Battalion
Storm Impact Glenview, Illinois, United States 1989 TaskMaker Defunct in 1997.
Strategic Simulations (SSI) Sunnyvale, California, United States 1979 Also a video game developer Acquired by Ubisoft, name retired.
Strategic Studies Group Australia 1983 Reach for the Stars
Stormfront Studios San Rafael, California, United States 1988 Old Time Baseball Defunct in 2008.
Strategy First Montreal, Quebec, Canada 1988 Europa Universalis
Studio e.go! Osaka, Japan 1998 Castle Fantasia: Seima Taisen Defunct in 2009.
subLOGIC Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, United States 1975 Flight Simulator Acquired by Sierra in 1995.
Success Tokyo, Japan 1978 Also a video game developer.
Sunflowers Interactive Entertainment Software Heusenstamm, Germany 1993 Anno 1602 Acquired by Ubisoft in 2007.
Sunrise Interactive Japan 1998 Mai-HiME: Unmei no Keitōju Defunct in 2008.
Sunsoft Aichi, Japan 1981 Aero the Acro-Bat Closed U.S. offices, operates out of Japan.
Superior Software Leeds, England, UK 1982 Citadel
Supersoft Harrow, London, UK 1978 Air Attack Ceased publishing video games in 1985.
Sydney Development Corporation Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 1978 Defunct in 1989.
Super Fighter Team San Diego, California, United States 2004 Legend of Wukong
Suzy Soft Zagreb, Croatia 1985 Various ZX Spectrum and Commodore 64 games Software division of Suzy Records. Defunct in 1988.
Synapse Software Richmond, California 1981 Blue Max Purchased by Broderbund in 1984. Defunct in 1986.
Synergistic Software Seattle, Washington, United States 1978 Odyssey: The Compleat Apventure Acquired by Sierra in 1996; defunct in 1999.
SystemSoft Japan 1985 Daisenryaku No longer publishes video games.
System 3 London, England, UK 1982 The Last Ninja, International Karate, Myth: History in the Making Also a video game developer.
System Sacom Tokyo, Japan 1981 No longer publishes video games.
Tactics Japan 1997 One: Kagayaku Kisetsu e Acquired by Nexton in 1999, which has continued to use the Tactics brand on some games.
Taito Tokyo, Japan 1953 Bubble Bobble Also a video game developer. Acquired by Square Enix.
Takara Japan 1955 Merged with Tomy to form Takara Tomy in March 2006.
Takara Tomy Katsushika, Japan 2006
Take-Two Interactive New York, New York, United States 1993 Also owns publishers Rockstar Games, 2K Games (2K Sports), and Private Division Also a video game developer.
TalonSoft Baltimore, Maryland, United States 1995 Battleground Also a video game developer. Acquired by Take-Two Interactive, name retired.
Tamsoft Tokyo, Japan 1992 Guardian's CrUnited Statesde
Tandy Corporation Fort Worth, Texas, United States 1919 Microchess Ceased publishing games in 1989.
Taxan Japan 1981 No longer publishes video games.
TDK Mediactive Westlake Village, California, United States 1990 Lady Sia American software publishing arm of TDK. Defunct in 2003.
Team17 Wakefield, England, UK 1990 Worms, Alien Breed, Superfrog, Yooka-Laylee Also a video game developer.
Team Shanghai Alice Japan 1996 Touhou Project
Techland Ostrów Wielkopolski, Poland 1991
Technology and Entertainment Software Japan 1982 Hydlide Also known as T&E Soft. Ceased publishing video games in 2002.
Technosoft Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan 1980 Thunder Force Acquired by Twenty-one Company in 2001.
Technos Japan Tokyo, Japan 1981 Also a video game developer. Assets acquired by Atlus.
TecMagik California, United States 1991 Also a video game developer.
Tecmo Japan 1967 Ninja Gaiden
Tecmo Bowl
Dead or Alive
Merged into Tecmo Koei.
Tectoy Sao Paulo, Brazil 1987 Many games for Sega consoles in Brazil.
Telarium Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States 1984 Fahrenheit 451 Defunct in 1987.
Telesys Fremont, California, United States 1982 Fast Food Defunct in 1984.
Telenet Japan Japan 1983 Valis: The Fantasm Soldier Defunct in 2007.
Telltale Games San Rafael, California,United States 2004
Tencent Shenzhen, China 1998 Also a video game developer and online services company. Has a minority stake in Epic Games and owns Riot Games as a subsidiary.
Tengen Milpitas, California, United States 1987 Tetris Publishing arm of Atari Games. Defunct in 1994 following acquisition by Time Warner.
Texas Instruments Dallas, Texas, United States 1930 Parsec Exited the video game industry in 1984.
Technical Group Laboratory Osaka, Japan 1984 Farland Saga series Also known as TGL.
Thalamus Ltd London, England, UK 1986 Armalyte Defunct in 1993.
Thalion Software Gütersloh, Germany 1988 Amberstar Defunct in 1994.
The9 Shanghai, China 1999 Regional publisher for World of Warcraft in China
The Learning Company San Francisco, California,United States 1980 Merged with Mattel Interactive, no longer publishes video games
Thin Chen Enterprise Taipei, Taiwan 1988 Colorful Dragon Also used the labels Sachen, Commin, and Joy Van. Defunct.
Thinking Rabbit Takarazuka, Japan 1982 Sokoban Defunct.
THQ Agoura Hills, California, United States 1989 Red Faction
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl
Saint's Row
Tak and the Power of Juju
Destroy All Humans!
Also a video game developer. Nordic Games (now THQ Nordic) revived the THQ brand in 2016, and all THQ franchises folded to THQ Nordic.
THQ Nordic Austria 2011 Purchased Darksiders, Red Faction, and MX vs. ATV franchises from THQ, Previously called Nordic Games from 2011-2016.
Thorn EMI Computer Software London, England, UK 1981 River Rescue Software publishing arm of Thorn EMI. Spun off and reestablished as Creative Sparks in 1984.
Three-Sixty Pacific United States 1987 Dark Castle Defunct in 1994.
Tiertex Design Studios Manchester, UK 1987 Ace of Aces Last game published in 2003.
Tiger Electronics Vernon Hills, Illinois, United States 1978 Various LCD games and Game.com games Also a video game developer. Acquired by Hasbro in 1998.
Time Warner Interactive Milpitas, California, United States 1993 Primal Rage Merged into Midway Games West in 1996.
Titus Interactive France 1985
Toaplan Japan 1984 Fire Shark Defunct in 1994.
Toei Animation Tokyo, Japan 1956 Baltron
Toho Tokyo, Japan 1932 Godzilla: Monster of Monsters
Tokuma Shoten Tokyo, Japan 1954 Incredible Crisis No longer publishes video games.
Tokyo Shoseki Tokyo, Japan 1909 Cycle Race: Road Man No longer publishes video games.
Tomy Tokyo, Japan 2006 Merged with Takara to form Takara Tomy in March 2006.
Tonkin House Tokyo, Japan 1986 Gun-Nac Defunct in 2008.
Topologika Stilton, UK 1983 Countdown to Doom Defunct in 2013.
Topo Soft Spain 1987 Survivor Defunct in 1994.
TopWare Interactive Karlsruhe, Germany 1995 Also a video game developer. After filing for bankruptcy in 2001, it was acquired by Zuxxez Entertainment, and later resurrected in 2005. Filed for bankruptcy again in 2016, but continues to publish future video games.
Toshiba EMI Tokyo, Japan 1960 Syvalion Defunct in 2013.
Towa Chiki Tokyo, Japan 1986 A Week of Garfield Defunct in 2001.
Tradewest Corsicana, Texas, United States 1986 Acquired by Midway Games, name retired.
Treco Torrance, California 1990 Atomic Robo-Kid Defunct in 1993.
Triangle Service Tokyo, Japan 2002 Trizeal
Triffix Entertainment Montreal, Quebec, Canada 1991 Castelian
Dream TV
Space Football: One on One
Last game published in 1992.
Trilobyte Software Medford, Oregon, United States 1990 Uncle Henry's Playhouse Defunct in 1999, re-established in 2010.
Tripwire Interactive Roswell, Georgia, United States 2005 Killing Floor
Tri Synergy Dallas, Texas, United States 1996
Tru Blu Entertainment Sydney, Australia 1999 Rugby League
Tsunami Games Oakhurst, California, United States 1991 Blue Force Sold to Tsunami Media Corporation in 1999.
TT Games Maidenhead, England, UK 2005 Also a video game developer. Merger of Giant Interactive Entertainment and Traveller's Tales. Acquired by Warner Bros. Interactive.
Twilight Frontier Japan 2002 Higurashi Daybreak
Tynesoft Blaydon, UK 1983 Superman: The Man of Steel Exited the video game industry in 1991.
Type-Moon Japan 2000 Tsukihime
Ubisoft Montreuil-sous-Bois, France 1986 Rayman
Assassin's Creed
Far Cry
Ghost Recon
Splinter Cell
Also a video game developer.
UEP Systems Tokyo, Japan 1985 Cool Boarders Defunct in 2001.
UFO Interactive Games City of Industry, California 1999 Monster Rancher DS Label of Tommo.
Ultimate Play the Game Ashby-de-la-Zouch, UK 1982 Jetpac, Knight Lore Acquired by U.S. Gold in 1985, which continued to use the Ultimate name as a label on some games. Defunct in 1988.
Ultrasoft Bratislava, Slovakia 1989 Towdie Defunct in 1998.
Ultra Games Buffalo Grove, Illinois, United States 1988 Shell company and publishing label for Konami. Name retired in 1992.
United States Army Arlington, Virginia, United States 1775 America's Army
Universal Entertainment Corporation Japan 1969 Mr. Do!
U.S. Gold Birmingham, England, UK 1984 Also a video game developer. Acquired by Eidos Interactive.
UserJoy Technology Taiwan 1995 The Legend of Three Kingdoms
US Games Santa Clara, California, United States 1978 Entombed Acquired by Quaker Oats in 1982. Defunct in 1983.
Valcon Games Bellevue, Washington, United States 2005 Darkest of Days No longer active.
Valve Corporation Bellevue, Washington, United States 1996 Half-Life series
Counter-Strike series
Portal series
Left 4 Dead series
Dota 2
Also a video game developer.
VAP Tokyo, Japan 1981 Isolated Warrior No longer publishes video games.
Varie Japan 1986 Parallel World Defunct in 1997.
VEB Polytechnik Chemnitz, Germany 1870 Poly Play Defunct in 2006.
Vectorbeam California, United States 1978 Speed Freak Acquired by Cinematronics in 1980.
Viacom New York City, United States 1952 Phantom 2040 Published video games under the Viacom New Media label. Company split in 2005.
Victor Interactive Japan 1970 Shadow of the Beast Subsidiary of JVC. Merged with Pack-In-Video in 1996. Acquired by Marvelous Entertainment in 2003; defunct in 2007.
Vic Tokai Shizuoka, Japan 1977 No longer publishes video games.
Video System Kyoto, Japan 1984 Aero Fighters Defunct in 2001.
Virgin Interactive London, England, UK 1983 Global Gladiators Also a video game developer. Known as Virgin Games until 1993. American branch acquired and closed by Electronic Arts in 1998, European branch acquired by Titus Software in 1999, and re-branded to Avalon Interactive in 2003. Stopped publishing games after 2002.
Virgin Play Spain 1995 Touch the Dead Known as Virgin Interactive Espana SA until 2002. Filed for liquidation in 2009.
Virtual Programming Bournemouth, UK 2000 Various Mac OS games
Visco Corporation Japan 1982 Wardner No longer publishes video games.
The Vision Factory Den Bosch, The Netherlands 1993 Various CD-i games Defunct in 2002.
VisualArt's Osaka, Japan 1991 Kanon
OPeNBooK Co., Ltd. Tokyo, Japan 1993 SimTower Now known as Vivarium, Inc.
Viva Media New York City, United States 1998 The Whispered World
Vivendi Games Los Angeles, California United States 1993 Merged with Activision to form Activision Blizzard in 2008.
Vortex Software Manchester, UK 1981 Highway Encounter Defunct in 1990.
VoxelStorm Manchester, UK 2012 AdvertCity Also a video game developer and music publisher.
Vulcan Software Cotswolds, UK 1994 Valhalla: Before the War
Wales Interactive Bridgend, Wales, UK 2012 The Bunker
Soul Axiom
Also a video game developer.
Walnut Creek CDROM Walnut Creek, California, United States 1991 Various shareware CD-ROMs Merged with Berkeley Software Design in 2000.
Wanadoo Edition Paris, France 2000 Iron Storm Software publishing arm of Wanadoo. Defunct in 2003.
Warashi Tokyo, Japan 1995 Triggerheart Exelica
Wargaming.net Nicosia, Cyprus 1998 World of Tanks
World of Warplanes
World of Warships
Also a video game developer.
Warner Bros. Interactive Burbank, California, United States 1993 F.E.A.R. 2
Overlord
WARP Japan 1994 Enemy Zero Exited the video game industry in 1999, defunct in 2005.
Webfoot Technologies Lemont, Illinois, United States 1993 Deadly Rooms of Death
Webzen Seoul, South Korea 2000 Also a video game developer.
WildTangent Redmond, Washington, United States 1998 Fate: The Traitor Soul
Williams Electronics Chicago, Illinois, United States 1943 Robotron 2084, Defender Exited the video game industry in 1998.
Windham Classics Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States 1984 Below the Root Published last game in 1985.
Windmill Japan 2002 Happiness! Publishes under the Windmill Oasis label.
Windmill Software Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1982 Digger Defunct in 1984.
Winkysoft Osaka, Japan 1983 Defunct in 2015.
Wisdom Tree Tucson, Arizona, United States 1989 Known for Christian-themed games.
WizardWorks Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States 1990 Deer Hunter Acquired by GT Interactive in 1996. Defunct in 2004.
Wolf Team Tokyo, Japan 1986 Annet Futatabi Acquired by Namco in 2003.
Working Designs Redding, California, United States 1986 Lunar Specialized in the localization of Japan-native RPGs.
Xicat Interactive Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States 1997 Defunct in 2005.
Xonox Minnesota, United States 1983 Artillery Duel Defunct in 1984.
XSEED Games Torrance, California, United States 2005 Ys Seven
XS Games New York, New York, United States 2002
Yeti Japan 2005 Root Double: Before Crime * After Days
Yuisy Buenos Aires, Argentina 2010 Also a video game developer. Also known as QB9 Entertainment.
Yojigen Japan 1994 WildSnake Defunct.
Yonezawa PR21 Japan 1988 Battle Storm Also known as Party Room 21. Acquired by Sega in 1994; defunct in 1998.
Yuke's Osaka, Japan 1993 Evil Zone
Yutaka Japan 1990 Last Armageddon Defunct in 2003 following merger with Popy.
Zaccaria Bologna, Italy 1974 Various arcade games Defunct in 1988.
ZAPiT Games Mississauga, Ontario, Canada 2003 Game Wave Family Entertainment System Defunct.
ZeniMax Media United States 1999 Elder Scrolls Also owns publisher Bethesda Softworks.
Zenobi Rochdale, UK 1982 Various text adventure games
Zeppelin Games Gateshead, UK 1987 Draconus Acquired by Merit Studios Inc. in 1994 and renamed to Merit Studios Europe. Subsequently, regained independence in 1996 and reestablished itself as Eutechnyx. No longer publishes its own games.
Zigurat Spain 1986 Various ZX Spectrum games Published last game in 1992.
Zimag United States 1982 Dishaster Publishing label of Magnetic Tape International. Defunct in 1983.
Zoom Sapporo, Japan 1988 Overtake
Zuxxez Entertainment Karlsruhe, Germany 2001 Acquired TopWare Interactive in 2001. Renamed itself to TopWare Interactive in 2005. Name retired.
Zushi Games Sheffield, England, UK 1999
Zynga San Francisco, California 2007 FarmVille
Mafia Wars
Numerous other social network games
ZyX Japan 1994 Amorous Professor Cherry

See also[edit]