List of wars: 2003–present

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Merriam-Webster defines war as "a state of opened and declared armed hostile conflict between states or nations".[1] Lexico defines war as "A state of armed conflict between different countries or different groups within a country".[2] Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[3] For other conflicts, see rebellions, coups and separate battles.

This is a list of wars that began from 2003 onwards. Other wars can be found in the historical lists of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity.

Start Finished Name of conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
2003 Ongoing War in Darfur

Supported by:
 Iran (until 2016)

United Nations UNAMID (from 2007)


SARC (from 2014)
SLFA (from 2017)

  • SLA-Unity
  • SLMJ
  • JEM (Jali)

Supported by:
 South Sudan
 Chad (2005–2010)
 Eritrea (until 2008)
Libya (until 2011)
 Uganda (until 2015)

2003 2011 Iraq War

Invasion phase (2003)
 United States
 United Kingdom
Supported by:
Post-invasion (2003–11)
 United States
 United Kingdom


Supported by:
Iran Iran
 Iraqi Kurdistan

Invasion phase (2003)
Post-invasion (2003–11)
Ba'ath loyalists

Sunni insurgents

Shia insurgents

Supported by:

2003 2010 Sinaloa Cartel-Gulf Cartel conflict

Sinaloa Cartel

Gulf Cartel

2004 Ongoing War in North-West Pakistan


 United States
 United Kingdom

Taliban-aligned groups

ISIL-aligned groups

2004 2007 Central African Republic Bush War

 Central African Republic

Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR)
People's Army for the Restoration of Democracy (APRD)
Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP)
Movement of Central African Liberators for Justice (MLCJ)
Patriotic Convention for Saving the Country (CPSK)
Democratic Front of the Central African People (FDPC)

2004 Ongoing Iran–PJAK conflict

Kurdish separatism in Iran

Supported by:

Kurdistan Free Life Party
Supported by:
 United States

2004 Ongoing Conflict in the Niger Delta

Supported by:

Niger Delta Avengers (2016–present)
Niger Delta Greenland Justice Mandate (2016–present)
Joint Niger Delta Liberation Force (2016–present)
Niger Delta Red Squad (2016–present)
Adaka Boro Avengers (2016–present)
Asawana Deadly Force of Niger Delta (2016–present)
Niger Delta Revolutionary Crusaders (2016–present)
New Delta Avengers (2017–present)
Niger Delta Marine Force (2017–present)
Reformed Egbesu Fraternities

Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (2004–2014)
Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force (2003–2009)
Niger Delta Liberation Front (2005–2014)
Joint Revolutionary Council (2004–2014)

Niger Delta Vigilante (2004–2009)

Supported by:
Biafra IPOB elements

2004 2015 Houthi insurgency in Yemen

Ansar Allah
 Yemen (pro-Saleh forces)
Alleged support by:
 North Korea


 Saudi Arabia
Supported by:
 United States

Ansar al-Sharia

2004 Ongoing Kivu conflict

 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo Pro-government Mai-Mai militias
FDLR (2006–2014)
APCLS (2012–2013)
Nyatura (2012–2014)
United Nations MONUSCO
 Botswana (Against FNL and FNL-Nzabampema only)
Supported by:

CNDP (2006–2009)
Democratic Republic of the Congo M23 (2012–2013)
Allegedly supported by:

FDLR (2014–present)
RUD-Urunana (2006–present)
Nyatura (2014–present)
FNL-Nzabampema (2013–present)
FNL/Palipehutu (1993–2009 and 2010–2013)
FPB (2015-present)
RED-Tabara (2015-present)

APCLS (2013–2016)
Nduma Defense of Congo (2008–present)
Mai Mai Yakutumba (2009–present)
CNPSC (2017–present)
Other Anti-government Mai Mai militas (1996–present)
Raia Mutomboki (2005–present)

 Islamic State (Central Africa Province)

2004 Ongoing Sistan and Baluchestan insurgency

Part of the Balochistan conflict


Jundallah (2004–11)
Harakat Ansar (2012–13)
Jaish ul-Adl (2013–Present)
Ansar Al-Furqan (2013–Present)

2005 Ongoing Paraguayan People's Army insurgency

Supported by:
 United States

Vigilante self-defense groups

Paraguayan People's Army (EPP)
Armed Peasant Association (ACA)
Paraguay Army of Marshal López (EML) (from 2016)
Supported by:
FARC (until 2016)
Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front (alleged)

2005 2010 Chadian Civil War (2005–10)

Sudan NMRD
Supported by:

Sudan Janjaweed
Alleged support:
 Sudan (until 2010)

2005 2005 2005 Bangladesh India border clash  India  Bangladesh
2005 2008 Mount Elgon insurgency  Kenya Sabaot Land Defence Force
2006 Ongoing Fatah–Hamas conflict Hamas Fatah

Supported by:
 United States (allegedly)
 United Kingdom (covert)

2006 2009/2013 Bakassi conflict  Cameroon BAMOSD


2006 2006 2006 Lebanon War

Supported by:
 United States

Supported by:

2006 2013 Operation Astute Australia
New Zealand
East Timor
United Nations
Renegade elements of Timor Leste Defence Force
2006 2009 Eelam War IV

 Sri Lanka

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

2006 2009 Iraqi Civil War

Part of the Iraq War

Public stability:
Iraq Iraq
United States United States
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Private Security Contractors
Kurdistan Region Peshmerga
Sons of Iraq

Sunni factions:
Iraqi Ba'ath Party Loyalists

Ansar al-Sunna
Islamic Army of Iraq
Sunni tribes
Other Sunni insurgents and militia

Mujahideen Shura Council

Islamic State of Iraq

Shi'a factions:
Mahdi Army
Special Groups

Badr Brigades
Rogue elements among the Iraqi security forces
Soldiers of Heaven
Shia tribes
Other militias

2006 Ongoing Mexican Drug War

Mexico Mexico

Consulting and training support by:
United States United States through the Merida Initiative
Colombia Colombia through the National Police of Colombia
Australia Australia through the Australian Federal Police



Supported by:


Supported by:

2006 2009 War in Somalia (2006–09)

Part of the Somali Civil War

Somalia Somalia
Somalia Galmudug
Somalia pro-Ethiopian fraction leaders
Somalia Sufi groups
 United States

Supported by:
 United Kingdom

Islamic Courts Union
Oromo Liberation Front
Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia
Ras Kamboni Brigades
Jabhatul Islamiya
Muaskar Anole
Al-Qaeda and other foreign mujahideen

2007 Ongoing Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara

Mauritania Mauritania
Tunisia Tunisia
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso
Nigeria Nigeria
Supported & trained by:
United States United States
Canada Canada
France France
Germany Germany
Netherlands Netherlands
Spain Spain
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Flag of al-Qaeda.svg al-Qaeda (2007–present)
Flag of Jihad.svg Ansar Dine (2012–17)
Flag of Jihad.svg Jama'at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin (2017–present)
Supported by:
Flag of Jihad.svg Boko Haram (2009–15)
Flag of Jihad.svg MOJWA (2011–13)

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State

2007 2007 Hamas' takeover of Gaza Hamas Fatah
2007 2007 2007 Lebanon conflict Lebanon Lebanon Fatah al-Islam

Flag of Jihad.svg Jund al-Sham

2007 2009 Tuareg rebellion (2007–09)

part of the Tuareg rebellion


In Niger:
Niger Movement for Justice
Front of Forces for Rectification (2008 split)
Niger Patriotic Front (2009 split)
In Mali:
ATMNC (2008 split)

2007 2015 War in Ingushetia

Russia Russia

2008 2008 Naaf War  Bangladesh  Myanmar
2008 2008 2008 invasion of Anjouan

African Union

Supported by:

2008 2008 2008 conflict in Lebanon

Future Movement
Progressive Socialist Party

Amal Movement
Arab Democratic Party

2008 2008 2008 Bangladesh India border clash  Bangladesh  India
2008 2008 2008 Kufra conflict Libya Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya
2008 2012 Cambodian–Thai border dispute  Cambodia  Thailand
2008 2008 Djiboutian–Eritrean border conflict  Eritrea  Djibouti
2008 2008 Russo-Georgian War

 South Ossetia

2008 2009 Gaza War Israel Israel  Gaza Strip
2009 Ongoing Sudanese nomadic conflicts Various tribes Various tribes
2009 2017 Insurgency in the North Caucasus


Caucasus Emirate

Imam Shamil Battalion (2017)

Islamic State

2009 Ongoing Boko Haram insurgency Multinational Joint Task Force

Local militias and vigilantes[7]

Foreign mercenaries[12]

Boko Haram
Islamic State's West Africa Province

  • Several minor factions[31]

Supported by:

 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (from 2015)[42]

2009 2009 2009 Peruvian political crisis  Peru AIDESEP
2009 2009 2009 Boko Haram uprising

Boko Haram insurgency

 Nigeria Boko Haram
2009 Ongoing South Yemen insurgency

Pro-government tribes

Supported by:
 Saudi Arabia

South Yemen Southern Transitional Council (since 2017)

Supported by:
 United Arab Emirates

2009 Ongoing Somali Civil War (2009–present)

Part of the Somali Civil War

 United States


Regional forces:

Supported by:
 United Kingdom
Non-combat support:
 European Union


Hizbul Islam (until 2010; 2012–2014)
Allegedly supported by:

 Islamic State (from 2015)

2009 2010 Operation Scorched Earth

Part of the Houthi insurgency in Yemen

Hashed tribesmen
 Saudi Arabia

Iran ( Quds Force)
North Korea

2009 2009 Dongo conflict

 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Supported by:
United Nations MONUC
 Rwanda (alleged)

Lobala rebels
Resistance Patriots of Dongo

2010 2010 2010 South Kyrgyzstan ethnic clashes

 Kyrgyz provisional government
Supported by:
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
 United States
Turkey Turkey

Pro-Bakiyev Kyrgyz gangs
Other pro- Bakiyev forces

Flag of Jihad.svg Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (alleged)

Kyrgyzstani Uzbeks

 Uzbekistan (limited involv.)

2010 2010 2010 Kingston unrest

 United States

Shower Posse drug cartel
2010 2012 Tajikistan insurgency

Tajikistan Tajikistan

United Tajik Opposition

2010 2011 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis

Second Ivorian Civil War

Ivory Coast FNCI
Liberia Liberian mercenaries
Ivory Coast RDR
United Nations UNOCI

Ivory Coast Ivory Coast
Liberia Liberian mercenaries
Ivory Coast COJEP
Ivory Coast FPI

2011 2011 Libyan Civil War (2011)

National Transitional Council


Enforcing UNSC Resolution 1973:

 United Arab Emirates

Minor border clashes:

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

  • Paramilitary forces
  • Pro-Gaddafi tribes
  • Foreign mercenaries (alleged)

Military support:

Minor border clashes:
Darfur rebels

2011 Ongoing Sinai insurgency

 United Arab Emirates

Flag of Jihad.svg Islamists:

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State

2011 Ongoing Syrian Civil War

Syrian Arab Republic
InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah
 Russia (2015–present)


 Iraq (2017–19)

Syrian Interim Government (Syrian opposition)
 Turkey (2016–present)


Syrian Salvation Government(Tahrir al-Sham)


 Islamic State (2013–present)


Al-Qaeda (2013–2014)

Rojava (Syrian Democratic Forces) (2012–present)


Seal of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve.svg CJTF–OIR (2014–present)

2011 Ongoing Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile  Sudan


Alleged support:
 South Sudan

2011 2018 Shia insurgency in Bahrain


Al-Ashtar Brigades

  • Wa'ad Allah Brigades
  • Islamic Allah Brigades
  • Imam al-Mahdi Brigades
  • al-Haydariyah Brigades

Iran (alleged)
Saraya al-Mukhtar (al-Mukhtar Brigade)
Saraya al Karar
Asa’ib al-Muqawama al-Bahrainia

2011 2017 Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon

Part of the Syrian Civil War


Pro-Syrian government militias:

Supported by:

Other militias:

Anti-Syrian government militias:

Al-Qaeda affiliates:

 Islamic State Surrendered
(from 2013)

2011 Ongoing Ethnic violence in South Sudan (2011–present)

Part of the Sudanese nomadic conflicts

Various tribes Various tribes
2011 2012 Operation Linda Nchi

Part of the Somali Civil War (2009–present)


Somalia Somalia
Raskamboni Front

2011 2014 Factional violence in Libya (2011–14) Libya Libya
  • Government-sanctioned local militias
Various militias

Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries

2011 2014 Iraqi insurgency (2011–2013)

Part of the Iraq War

Iraq Iraq
Supported by

 United States

Sunni insurgent factions:

Islamic State of Iraq (ISIL since April 2013)

Ba'ath Party Loyalists

Shi'a factions:

Supported by


2012 Ongoing Northern Mali conflict
 Government of Mali

 South Africa[55]

Supported by:

Non-state combatants:

Ganda Iso
 MSA (from 2016)
GATIA (from 2014)

National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA)
Islamic Movement of Azawad


Islamist Groups
 Jama'at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin (2017–present)
 Al-Mourabitoun (2013–17)
 Ansar al-Sharia (2012–present)
 Ansar Dine (2012–17)[96]
 AQIM (2012–17)
 Macina Liberation Front


 MOJWA (2011–13)[98][99]
Nigerian jihadist volunteers
 Boko Haram (2012–13)[100]
 Ansaru (2012–13)[100]


Islamic State in the Greater Sahara
2012 2012 Heglig Crisis  Sudan  South Sudan



2012 2012 2012 Abyan offensive

Part of the Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen

Yemen Yemen Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
2012 2013 M23 rebellion  Democratic Republic of the Congo

United Nations MONUSCO

March 23 Movement

Alleged support:

2012 2012 Baragoi clashes Samburu tribe Turkana tribe
2012 Ongoing Central African Republic conflict (2012–present)
 Central African Republic
MINUSCA (since 2014)

MISCA (2013–2014)

 France (2013–16)
 South Africa (2012–13)



2013 2020 South Sudanese Civil War

Part of the ethnic violence in South Sudan (2011–present)

 South Sudan
Allied militias
 SPLM-N[106][104] (alleged)
 EUPF[107] (alleged)

State allies:

 Egypt[108] (alleged)
Nuer White Army


SSFDP South Sudan National Army[116][117]

 NAS[118] (since March 2017)
South Sudan SS-UF

Arrow Boys (since Nov. 2015)

 Wau State insurgents[119]

Supported by:

 Sudan (South Sudanese gov. claim)[120]

United Nations Regional Protection Force[122]
2013 2013 Lahad Datu standoff Malaysia
Sabahan villagers
Sultanate of Sulu
2013 2019 Batwa–Luba clashes Pygmy Batwa militias
  • "Perci"
Luba militias
  • "Elements"
2013 2013 Zamboanga City crisis  Philippines  Bangsamoro Republik
2013 2019 RENAMO insurgency (2013–2019)  Mozambique RENAMO
2014 2015 Houthi takeover in Yemen

Part of the Houthi insurgency in Yemen and the Yemeni Crisis

Houthis Yemen Government of Yemen
2014 2014 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict

Part of the Gaza–Israel conflict

 Israel  Gaza Strip
2014 2014 2014 Aswan tribal clashes Arab Al-Halayel (Beni Helal) clan Nubian Al-Dabodeya family
2014 2017 Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)  Iraq

Allied groups:

Seal of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve.svg CJTF–OIR


 Syria (2014)

Iraqi Kurdistan

Sinjar Alliance
 Syrian Kurdistan

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State

Other anti-government groups:

2014 2020 Second Libyan Civil War

Libya House of Representatives (Tobruk-based)

JEM (from 2016)
Wagner Group

Further Support:

Libya Gaddafi loyalists

Libya Government of National Accord (Tripoli-based) (since 2016)

Aligned militias:
Supported by:

Libya National Salvation Government

Supported by:
 Qatar (2014–16)
 Sudan (2014–16)
 Turkey (2014–16)
 Iran (allegedly)

Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb

SCBR militia:

Ansar al-Sharia
Libya Shield 1
February 17th Martyrs Brigade
Rafallah al-Sahati Brigade
Shura Council of Mujahideen in Derna (2014–18)

Libya Benghazi Defense Brigades
Ajdabiya Revolutionaries Shura Council (2015–16)
Libya Derna Protection Force

ISIL Supported by:
AQIM (2014–2015; alleged in 2016)

2014 Ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War  Russia

In Donbas:

 Donetsk People's Republic

 Luhansk People's Republic

Ukraine Ukraine

Supported by:
 European Union[124]


 United Kingdom

 United States

2014 Ongoing International military intervention against ISIL

Intervening in Syria and Iraq:

Seal of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve.svg CJTF–OIR



Intervening in Syria only:

 Saudi Arabia (2014–16)
 Bahrain (2014–16)
 United Arab Emirates (2014–16)


RSII coalition:

Local forces:

Local forces in Iraq:

Iraq Iraq Government (supported by U.S. and RSII coalitions)

Shi'a militias: (supported by Iran)

Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq

Kurdistan Region Iraqi Kurdistan
 Iraqi Turkmen Front (supported by Turkey)
Nineveh Plain Protection Units

Local forces in Syria:

 Syria (supported by Russia and Iran)
Syrian Democratic Forces (U.S. & allies)
Vetted Syrian Opposition (U.S. & allies)
Flag of Syria 2011, observed.svg Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army (supported by Turkey)

Local forces
in Lebanon

Lebanese Communist Party

Local forces
in Libya

LibyaGovernment of National Accord
Misrata Brigades
Misrata Military Council


(in Libya)



(Boko Haram joined ISIL in 2015)

 United States

See also: American military intervention


Islamic Military

Islamic State


2015 Ongoing Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)

Supreme Political Council

Alleged support

 North Korea

ShababFlag.svg Al-Qaeda
Ansar al-Sharia

Alleged support

 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ISIL-YP

Cabinet of Yemen

Saudi-led coalition

 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates (limited involvement)
 Sudan (2015–19)
 Morocco (2015–19)
 Qatar (2015–17)
Academi security contractors

Under 1,000 troops:

United States United States
France France

Flag of South Yemen.svg Southern Movement

Supported by:
 United Arab Emirates

2015 Ongoing ISIL insurgency in Tunisia  Islamic State (ISIL)

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Ansar al-Sharia
(only in March 2016)


Supported by:
United Kingdom United Kingdom

2015 Ongoing Kurdish–Turkish conflict (2015–present)

Part of the Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present)

 Turkey Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK)


Kurdistan Freedom Hawks

2016 Ongoing 2016 Niger Delta conflict

Part of the Conflict in the Niger Delta

Niger Delta Separatists:
Adaka Boro Avengers
Asawana Deadly Force of Niger Delta
Niger Delta Avengers
Niger Delta Greenland Justice Mandate
Niger Delta Justice Defence Group
Niger Delta Volunteers
Niger Delta Red Squad
Niger Delta Revolutionary Crusaders
Reformed Egbesu Fraternities

Supported by:
Biafra Indigenous People of Biafra

2016 2016 2016 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes  Azerbaijan
 Republic of Artsakh
2016 2017 The Pool War  Congo Ninja militia
2016 Ongoing Northern Rakhine State clashes

Part of the Rohingya insurgency in Western Myanmar and the Internal conflict in Myanmar

 Myanmar Arakan Army

Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army

2016 2016 2016 Kasese clashes  Uganda  Rwenzururu
2016 Ongoing Kamwina Nsapu rebellion  DR Congo

Allied militias:

Kamwina Nsapu militia
  • Various independent militias
2016 present Insurgency in Northern Chad  Chad


Front for Change and Concord in Chad (FACT)
Military Command Council for the Salvation of the Republic (CCMSR)
Union of Forces of Resistance (UFR)
Front de la Nation pour la Démocratie et la Justice (FNDJT)
2017 2017 2017 Afghanistan–Pakistan border skirmish

Part of the Afghanistan–Pakistan skirmishes

 Pakistan  Afghanistan
2017 2020 2017–2020 Qatif unrest

Part of the Qatif conflict

 Saudi Arabia Shia minority

Hezbollah Al-Hejaz

2017 2017 Marawi crisis

Part of the Moro conflict and the Military intervention against ISIL


Supported by:

Foreign supporters:

  •  United States (Military equipment, aid, and technical assistance)
  •  Australia (Intelligence support)
  •  China (Military equipment)
  •  Israel (Intelligence support and military equipment)
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
2017 2017 2017 Iraqi–Kurdish conflict

Part of the Iraqi Civil War


Supported by:


 Kurdistan Region Supported by:
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia


2017 Ongoing Anglophone Crisis  Cameroon  Ambazonia
2017 Ongoing Insurgency in Cabo Delgado

Supported by:

 Ansar al-Sunna
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (denied by Mozambican government)

Supported by:

Organized crime
Foreign sympathizers
2017 Ongoing Iraqi insurgency (2017–present)  Iraq

Pro-Government Tribes
Rojava (cross-border cooperation since May 2018)

Seal of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve.svg CJTF-OIR:

Supported by:

Iran Iran
Qatar Qatar
Egypt Egypt


 Kurdistan Region

Supported by:
Netherlands Netherlands

Islamic State

White Flags

Iraqi Baath Party

2018 Ongoing War in Catatumbo  Colombia
 National Liberation Army (ELN)
Nororiental de Guerra

Frente 33
 Popular Liberation Army (EPL)
2018 2018 Gaza–Israel clashes (November 2018) Israel Israel  Gaza Strip
2018 2018 2018 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes  Azerbaijan  Armenia
2019 2019 2019 India–Pakistan standoff

Part of the 2019 India-Pakistan skirmishes

Pakistan India
2019 2019 Gaza–Israel clashes (May 2019) Israel Israel  Gaza Strip
2019 Ongoing 2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis  United States

International Maritime Security Construct:

 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates
Supported by:


Iraqi militias

Supported by:

2019 Ongoing Metekel conflict Ethiopia Ethiopia Tigray People's Liberation Front

Oromo Liberation Army

Gumuz Liberation Front

2019 2019 Gaza–Israel clashes (November 2019) Israel Israel Palestinian Islamic Jihad
2020 Ongoing 2020 China–India skirmishes India India China China
2020 Ongoing Western Togoland Rebellion Ghana Flag of Western Togoland.svg Western Togoland Restoration Front
2020 2020 Second Nagorno-Karabakh war  Azerbaijan

Supported by:

Arms suppliers:



Arms suppliers:

2020 Ongoing Tigray War Ethiopia Ethiopia TPLF
2020 Ongoing 2020–2021 Western Saharan clashes Morocco Morocco Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
2020 ongoing Afar–Somali clashes Somali Region
Somali-allied militas
Afar Region Afar Region
Afar Region Afar-allied militas
2020 Ongoing 2020–21 Sudanese–Ethiopian clashes Sudan Sudan Ethiopia Ethiopia


2021 Ongoing Insurgency in Southeastern Nigeria Biafra IPOB  Nigeria
2021 2021 Kyrgyzstan–Tajikistan clashes Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Tajikistan
2021 2021 2021 Israel–Palestine crisis Israel Israel  Gaza Strip

West Bank

2021 Ongoing 2021 Armenia–Azerbaijan border crisis Armenia Armenia Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
2021 Ongoing Panjshir conflict Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan National Resistance Front of Afghanistan
2021 2021 2021 Afghanistan–Iran clashes Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan  Iran
  1. ^ The exact origin of Ansaru is unclear, but it had already existed as Boko Haram faction[32] before officially announcing its foundation as separate group on 1 January 2012.[32][33][34] The group has no known military presence in Nigeria since 2015, but several of its members appear to be still active.[35]
  2. ^ The SPLM-IO accused JEM of supporting Kiir's government since 2013, though JEM has denied any involvement and claims to maintain neutrality in the South Sudanese Civil War.[102] The Sudanese government,[103] aid workers[102] and other sources[104] have however affirmed that JEM is taking part in conflict on the side of the South Sudanese government.[105]
  3. ^ The Cobra Faction openly opposed the government until 2014, and remained in relative opposition until 2015, when it divided into a pro-government and pro-SPLM-IO faction, the latter of which formed the Greater Pibor Forces. In early 2016, the Cobra Faction effectively disbanded, when the remaining group joined the government.[110][111] In September 2016, however, the Cobra Faction was declared restored by some of its commanders and declared that it had resumed its struggle against the government.[112]
  4. ^ Arms, military exercises and general aid.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "War - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  2. ^ "War | Definition of War by Oxford Dictionary on also meaning of War". Lexico Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 2020-10-16.
  3. ^ "Definitions Uppsala Conflict Data Program". Uppsala Conflict Data Program. Archived from the original on 25 October 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2009.
  4. ^ Faced with Boko Haram, Cameroon weighs death penalty for terrorism. Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine By Tansa Musa, Reuters. YAOUNDE Wed 3 December 2014 9:56am EST.
  5. ^ Chad armoured column heads for Cameroon to fight Boko Haram. Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine AFP for Yahoo! News, 16 January 2015 4:54 PM.
  6. ^ a b West Africa leaders vow to wage 'total war' on Boko Haram Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine By John Irish and Elizabeth Pineau. 17 May 2014 2:19 PM.
  7. ^ "Vigilantes Settle Local Scores With Boko Haram". Voice of America. 15 February 2015. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  8. ^ ICG (2018), pp. i, 4–8.
  9. ^ ICG (2018), pp. 5, 6.
  10. ^ ICG (2018), pp. i, 3, 7.
  11. ^ ICG (2018), p. 3.
  12. ^ Adama Nossiter (12 March 2015). "Mercenaries Join Nigeria's Military Campaign Against Boko Haram". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  13. ^ Colin Freeman (10 May 2015). "South African mercenaries' secret war on Boko Haram". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 18 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  14. ^ Union agrees to send 7,500 troops to fight Boko Haram in Nigeria[dead link]., 31 January 2015.
  15. ^ The African Union Readies an Army to Fight Boko Haram Archived 3 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine,
  16. ^ a b c "Feeling the heat: West combats extremists' advance in Africa's deserts". CNN. 27 February 2015. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  17. ^ Canada joins effort to free Nigerian schoolgirls. Archived 1 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine 14 May 2014 3:23 pm Updated: 15 May 2014 7:01 pm. By Murray Brewster, The Canadian Press
  18. ^ a b c Kidnapped schoolgirls: British experts to fly to Nigeria 'as soon as possible'. Archived 8 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Wednesday 7 May 2014 17.33 BST.
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External links[edit]

Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK)
    • Conflict Barometer - Describes recent trends in conflict development, escalations, and settlements