List of wars 1990–2002

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Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1990 1991 Gulf War  Kuwait
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Italy
 Canada
 Australia
 Egypt
 Syria
 Qatar
Coalition Forces
Iraq Iraq
1990 1993 Rwandan Civil War FPR Rwanda Government of Rwanda
 France
 Zaire
Interahamwe
Impuzamugambi
1990 1995 Tuareg rebellion (1990–95)  Mali
 Niger
Ganda Iso
Arab Islamic Front of Azawad
Popular Front for the Liberation of Azawad
United Movements and Fronts of Azawad
Front for the Liberation of Air and Azaouak
Front for the Liberation of Tamoust
1990 1990 1990 Mindanao crisis  Philippines Federal Republic of Mindanao
1991 1991 Ten-Day War  Slovenia  SFR Yugoslavia
1991 1992 1991–92 South Ossetia War  South Ossetia
 North Ossetian volunteers
 Russia
 Georgia
1991 1994 Djiboutian Civil War  Djibouti
 France
FRUD.png Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy
1991 1995 Croatian War of Independence  Croatia
Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995)
Republic of Serbian Krajina SAO Krajina (1991)
Republic of Serbian Krajina SAO Western Slavonia (1991)
Republic of Serbian Krajina SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia (1991)
 SFR Yugoslavia (1991–1992)
 Republic of Serbian Krajina (1992–1995)
 Republika Srpska
1991 2002 Sierra Leone Civil War  Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone Kamajors
 South African Mercenaries
 Nigerian-led ECOMOG Group
 United Kingdom
Revolutionary United Front
Armed Forces Revolutionary Council
West Side Boys
 Liberia
1991 2002 Algerian Civil War  Algerian government
 France
Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
1991 Ongoing Somali Civil War 1986–91:

Armed rebel groups:

1992–95:
 United Nations

2006–09:
Somalia Transitional Federal Government
 Ethiopia
AMISOM
Allied armed groups:

2009–present:
Somalia Federal Government of Somalia
AMISOM
Advisers/Operators
 United States

1986–91:

Somalia Somali Democratic Republic (until 1991)

Allied rebel groups:

  • SNF (after 1991)

1992–93:
USC
2006–09:
Islamic Courts Union
Oromo Liberation Front[1]
Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia
Al-Shabaab
Ras Kamboni Brigades
Jabhatul Islamiya
Muaskar Anole
2009–present:
Al-Qaeda

Foreign Mujahideen
Hizbul Islam

1991 1993 Georgian Civil War Georgia (country) Georgian State Council
 Russia
Georgia (country) Zviadists
National Guard of Georgia
1991 1991 1991 uprisings in Iraq Iraq Ba'athist Iraq Shia militias
 Kurdistan
1992 1992 East Prigorodny Conflict North Ossetia–Alania North Ossetian militia and security forces
North Ossetia–Alania North Ossetian Republican Guard
South Ossetia South Ossetian militia
Don Cossacks
Russia Terek Cossacks
Russia Russian Army
Ingush militia
1992 1996 Civil war in Afghanistan (1992–96) Afghanistan Taliban

Al Qaeda
Supported by:
 Pakistan
 Saudi Arabia


Hezbi Islami(Supported by Pakistan)
Hezb-i Wahdat (Supported by Iran)
Uzbekistan Junbish-i Milli (Supported by Uzbekistan and Russia)

Afghanistan Unit Party
1992 1992 War of Transnistria  Transnistria
 Russian Volunteers
Russia Russian 14th Army
 Ukrainian Volunteers
Don Cossacks
 Moldova
 Romanian Volunteers and advisors
1992 1993 War in Abkhazia (1992–93)  Abkhazia
 Russia
Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
Russian Cossacks
 Georgia
1992 1995 Bosnian War  Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatia
 NATO

 Republika Srpska
1992 1994 Croat–Bosniak War
Part of the Bosnian War
 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Croatian Defence Forces

Croatia Herzeg Bosnia
 Croatia
1992 1997 Civil war in Tajikistan  Tajikistan
 Russia
 Uzbekistan
Taliban
 Afghanistan
1993 2005 Burundian Civil War Government forces:

Burundi Burundian government

Supported by:
United Nations ONUB
African Union Mission in Burundi

Hutu militias:

CNDD-FDD
  FNL


Tutsi militias

1993 Ongoing Ethnic conflict in Nagaland India India

Myanmar Burma

Unofficial flag of Nagaland.svg Nagaland Rebel Groups
1993 1993 1993 Russian constitutional crisis Russia President of Russia
Main Administration of Protection
Ministry of the Interior
Ministry of Defence

FAPSI

Russia Supreme Soviet of Russia
Russia Congress of People's Deputies of Russia
Russia Vice President of Russia
Russia Russian EmpireSoviet UnionRussia

Supporters of the Supreme Soviet and Alexander Rutskoy

1994 1997 Iraqi Kurdish Civil War PUK

INC
PKK
KCP
 Iran (from 1995)
SCIRI

  • Support

United States United States (from 1996)

KDP

Iraq Iraq
 Turkey
PDKI
 Iran (until 1995)

1994 Ongoing Armenian-Azerbaijani border conflict
Part of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

 Armenia
Supported by:
 Russia

 Azerbaijan


Supported by:
 Turkey

1994 1994 Chiapas conflict  Mexico Zapatista Army of National Liberation[2]
1994 1994 Bophuthatswana conflict (1994) Government of Bophuthatswana
Afrikaner Volksfront
AWB
BDF Mutineers
SADF
1994 1994 1994 civil war in Yemen  Yemen People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Democratic Republic of Yemen
1994 1996 First Chechen War  Chechen Republic of Ichkeria  Russia
1994 1999 Caprivi conflict  Namibia Caprivi Liberation Army
1995 1995 Cenepa War  Peru  Ecuador
1995 2009 Insurgency in Ogaden  Ethiopia Flag of Ogaden National Liberation Front(2).svg Ogaden National Liberation Front
1995 Ongoing Second Afar Insurgency  Ethiopia
RSADO
DMLEK
EPLF
ESF
 Eritrea
Et arduf1.png ARDUF
1996 Ongoing ADF insurgency  Uganda
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Allied Democratic Forces
National Army for the Liberation of Uganda
1996 2006 Nepalese Civil War Nepal Kingdom of Nepal (Government)
Supported by:
 United States
 India
 United Kingdom
 France
 Portugal
 European Union
South Asian Communist Banner.svg Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
Supported by:
 China
 Indonesia
1996 2001 Civil war in Afghanistan (1996–2001) Afghanistan Islamic State of Afghanistan
After September 11, 2001:
 United States of America
 United Kingdom
 Canada
 Australia
Supported by:
 Iran
 India
Taliban
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
al-Qaeda

Supported by:
 Pakistan
1996 1997 First Congo War Democratic Republic of the Congo Flagge FDLR.svg AFDL
 Uganda
 Rwanda
 Burundi
 Angola
 Zaire
UNITA
Rwanda Army for the Liberation of Rwanda
1997 1997 Albanian Rebellion of 1997  Albania
 Germany
 Italy
Albania Ad hoc local Albanian militias
1997 1999 Republic of the Congo Civil War  Republic of the Congo (Denis Sassou Nguesso government)
Cobra militia
Rwandan Hutu militia
 Angola
 Republic of the Congo (Pascal Lissouba government)
Cocoye militia
Ninja militia
Nsiloulou militia
Mamba militia
1997 1997 1997 clashes in Cambodia Cambodia Hun Sen (CPP)
 Vietnam
Cambodia Norodom Ranariddh (FUNCINPEC)
Cambodia Khmer Rouge
1997 2008 Pool Department insurgency

Began as part of the Republic of the Congo Civil War

 Republic of the Congo Ninja militia
1998 1998 War in Abkhazia (1998)  Abkhazia Georgia (country) White Legion
Georgia (country) Forest Brotherhood
1998 1999 Kosovo War  NATO
 Albania
Albania AFRK
Kosovo Liberation Army
 FR Yugoslavia
1998 2000 Eritrean–Ethiopian War  Ethiopia  Eritrea
1998 2003 Second Congo War Pro-government:
Dem Rep of Congo
Namibia
Zimbabwe
Angola
Chad
Anti-Ugandan forces:

Lord's Resistance Army
Sudan (alleged)

Anti-Rwandan militias:
FDLR

Anti-Burundi militias:

Rwandan-aligned militias:

Ugandan-aligned militias:

Anti-Angolan forces:
UNITA

1998 1999 Guinea-Bissau Civil War Guinea-Bissau Rebels led by Mané  Guinea-Bissau
 Senegal
 Guinea
1998 Ongoing Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Yemeni government

Supported by:

AQAP

Ansar al-Sharia (after 2011)

Supported by:
Al-Shabaab

1999 1999 Kargil War  India  Pakistan
1999 2000 1999 East Timorese crisis  East Timor
 Australia
United Nations U.N. INTERFET
East Timor Pro-Indonesia militia
 Indonesia
1999 2001 Insurgency in the Preševo Valley  FR Yugoslavia Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac
1999 2003 Second Liberian Civil War Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy
Movement for Democracy in Liberia
 Liberia
1999 2007 Ituri conflict Hema tribe:
Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC)

RCD-Kisangani
 Uganda
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
United Nations MONUC
European Union Artemis

Lendu tribe:
Nationalist and Integrationist Front (FNI)
Front for Patriotic Resistance in Ituri (FRPI)
Popular Front for Justice in Congo (PFJC)

Mai-Mai Simba

1999 1999 War of Dagestan  Russia IIPB
Shura of Dagestan
1999 2009 Second Chechen War  Russian Federation
Chechnya Republic of Chechnya
 Republic of Ichkeria
Caucasian militants
Flag of Jihad.svg Foreign mujahideen
2000 2000 Six-Day War (2000)
Part of the Second Congo War
 Rwanda  Uganda
2000 2005 Second Intifada  Israel Hamas

Palestinian National Authority Fatah

PFLP

DFLP
PRC
Islamic Jihad

Other
Supported by:
Iraq[5]

2001 2001 2001 Bangladeshi-Indian border skirmish Bangladesh  India
2001 2001 Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia  Republic of Macedonia National Liberation Army
2001 Ongoing War in Afghanistan (2001–present) Coalition:

Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004–present)

Insurgent groups:
2002 2002 Perejil Island crisis  Spain  Morocco
2002 Ongoing Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines Government of the Philippines
 United States (advisors)
Moro/Islamic insurgents:
Moro Islamic Liberation Front (until 6 Oct 2012)
Abu Sayyaf
Jemaah Islamiyah

Communist insurgents:
New People's Army
Communist Party of the Philippines

2002 Ongoing Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa

Insurgents:

al-Itihaad al-Islamiya (Dis)
Islamic Courts Union (Dis)
Harakat al-Shabaab Mujahedeen
Hizbul Islam (Dis)

al-Qaeda


Pirates:

  • Somali Marines
  • National Volunteer Coast Guard (NVCG)
  • Marka group
  • Puntland Group
  • Yemeni Pirates
2002 2007 First Ivorian Civil War Combatant 1
 Ivory Coast
Liberia Liberian mercenaries
Ivory Coast Young Patriots of Abidjan militia
Supported by:
 Russia [6]
 Bulgaria [7]
 Belarus

Combatant 2
New Forces (FN) Rebels /Insurgency
Combatant 3
 France
United Nations UN Peacekeepers

Notes[edit]

References[edit]