List of wars by death toll

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This list of wars by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by war. These numbers usually include both the deaths of military personnel which are the direct results of battle or other military wartime actions, as well as the wartime/war-related deaths of civilians, which are the results of war induced epidemics, diseases, famines, atrocities, genocide, etc.

List of wars by death toll with over 1,000,000 deaths[edit]

War Deaths Date Location Notes
Total (all wars) 313,232,919–674,733,827 Recorded history Worldwide Based on all data described here
World War II 60,000,000 1939–1945 Worldwide
Taiping Rebellion 30,000,000 1850–1864 China [1] – may be underestimated
Mongol conquests 20,000,000 1206–1324 Eurasia [2][3][4][5]
Three Kingdoms War 36,000,000–40,000,000 184–280 China [6][7]
An Lushan Rebellion 13,000,000–36,000,000 755–763 China [8] – may be underestimated
Second Sino-Japanese War 25,000,000 1937–1945 China [9] – Part of World War II
Qing dynasty conquest of Ming Dynasty 25,000,000 1616–1662 China [10]
Dungan Revolt 8,000,000–20,770,000 1862–1877 China
World War I/Great War 20,000,000 1914–1918 Worldwide see World War I casualties
Conquests of Tamerlane 8,000,000–20,000,000 1370–1405 Eurasia [11][12]
Thirty Years' War 3,000,000–11,500,000 1618–1648 Europe [13]
Russian Civil War and Foreign Intervention 5,000,000–9,000,000 1917–1922 Russia [14]
Chinese Civil War 8,000,000 1927–1949 China [15]
Napoleonic Wars 3,500,000–6,000,000 1803–1815 Europe see Napoleonic Wars casualties
Second Congo War/Great War of Africa 2,500,000–5,400,000 1998–2003 Central Africa [16][17][18][19]
French Wars of Religion 2,000,000–4,000,000 1562–1598 France [20] – also known as Huguenot Wars
Vietnam War/Second Indochina War 800,000–3,800,000 1955–1975 Vietnam [21][22][23]
Shaka's conquests 2,000,000 1816–1828 South Africa [24]
Mexican Revolution 1,000,000–2,000,000 1910–1920 Mexico [25]
Soviet war in Afghanistan 957,865–1,622,865 1979–1989 Afghanistan [26][27][28]
Warring States 1,200,000–1,500,000 475–221 BC China According to one estimate,[29] 1,200,000 including captives; according to another,[30] over 1,500,000.
Seven Years' War 868,000–1,400,000 1756–1763 Europe [31][32]
Korean War 1,200,000 1950–1953 Korea [33]
Iran–Iraq War/First Persian Gulf War 1,000,000 1980–1988 Middle East [34]
Japanese invasions of Korea 1,000,000 1592–1598 Korea [35]
Biafra War 1,000,000 1967–1970 Nigeria
Conquests of Mehmed II 'the Conqueror' 873,000 1451–1481 Eurasia [36] – may either be underestimated or overestimated

List of wars by death toll with fewer than 1,000,000 deaths[edit]

Charts and graphs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]