List of wars by death toll

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See also: List of genocides by death toll

This list of wars by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by war. These numbers usually include both the deaths of military personnel which are the direct results of battle or other military wartime actions, as well as the wartime/war-related deaths of civilians, which are the results of war induced epidemics, diseases, famines, atrocities, genocide, etc.

List of wars by death toll with over 1,000,000 deaths[edit]

War Deaths Date Location Notes
World War II 60,000,000–85,000,000 1939–1945 Worldwide see World War II casualties
Mongol conquests 40,000,000–70,000,000 1206–1324 Eurasia [1][2][3][4]
Three Kingdoms War 36,000,000–40,000,000 184–280 China [5][6]
Second Sino-Japanese War 25,000,000 1937–1945 China [7] – Part of World War II
Qing dynasty conquest of Ming Dynasty 25,000,000 1616–1662 China [8]
Taiping Rebellion 20,000,000–100,000,000 1850–1864 China [9] – may be underestimated
World War I/Great War 20,000,000 1914–1918 Worldwide see World War I casualties
An Lushan Rebellion 13,000,000–36,000,000 755–763 China [10] – may be underestimated
Conquest of the Americas 8,400,000 - 137,750,000 1492–1691 Americas [11][12][13] See Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas. These death toll estimates vary due to lack of consensus as to the demographic size of the native population pre-Columbus, which some say might never be accurately determined. [14][15][16][15][17]
Dungan Revolt 8,000,000–20,770,000 1862-1877 China
Conquests of Tamerlane 8,000,000–20,000,000 1370–1405 Eurasia [18][19]
Chinese Civil War 8,000,000 1927–1949 China [20]
Russian Civil War and Foreign Intervention 5,000,000–9,000,000 1917–1922 Russia [21]
Napoleonic Wars 3,500,000–6,000,000 1803–1815 Europe see Napoleonic Wars casualties
Thirty Years' War 3,000,000–11,500,000 1618–1648 Europe [22]
Second Congo War/Great War of Africa 2,500,000–5,400,000 1998–2003 Central Africa [23][24][25][26]
French Wars of Religion 2,000,000–4,000,000 1562–1598 France [27] – also known as Huguenot Wars
Goguryeo-Sui War 2,000,000 At Least 598–614 Korea [28] – Korean(Goguryeo) and civilian casualties are not included.
Shaka's conquests 2,000,000 1816–1828 South Africa [29]
Korean War 1,200,000 1950–1953 Korea [30]
Siege of Jerusalem 1,100,000 73 Middle East
Mexican Revolution 1,000,000–2,000,000 1910–1920 Mexico [31]
Iran–Iraq War/First Persian Gulf War 1,000,000 1980–1988 Middle East [32]
Japanese invasions of Korea 1,000,000 1592–1598 Korea [33]
Biafra War 1,000,000 1967–1970 Nigeria
Soviet war in Afghanistan 957,865–1,622,865 1979–1989 Afghanistan [34][35][36]
Conquests of Mehmed II 'the Conqueror' 873,000 1451–1481 Eurasia [37] – may either be underestimated or overestimated
Seven Years' War 868,000–1,400,000 1756–1763 Europe [38][39]
Vietnam War/Second Indochina War 800,000–3,800,000 1955–1975 Vietnam [40][41][42]

List of wars by death toll with fewer than 1,000,000 deaths[edit]

Charts and graphs[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]