List of wars involving Afghanistan

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This is a list of wars involving Afghanistan.

Conflict Afghanistan
and allies
Opponents Results
Hotaki dynasty
(1709–1738)
Battle of Gulnabad
(1722)
Hotaki dynasty Safavid Empire Victory
Battle of Damghan
(1729)
Hotaki dynasty Safavid Empire Defeat
Durrani Empire
(1747–1823)
Battle of Panipat
(1761)
Flag of the Abdali Afghan Tribes.jpeg Durrani Empire  Maratha Empire Victory
Battle of Attock
(1813)
Flag of the Abdali Afghan Tribes.jpeg Durrani Empire Sikh Empire Sikh Empire Defeat
Battle of Multan
(1818)
Flag of the Abdali Afghan Tribes.jpeg Durrani Empire Sikh Empire Sikh Empire Defeat
Battle of Shopian
(1819)
Flag of the Abdali Afghan Tribes.jpeg Durrani Empire Sikh Empire Sikh Empire Defeat
  • Kashmir annexed into the Sikh Empire.
Battle of Nowshera
(1823)
Flag of the Abdali Afghan Tribes.jpeg Durrani Empire Sikh Empire Sikh Empire Defeat
  • Recapture of Peshawar by the Sikhs.
  • Sikh rule in the Khyber Pass.
Emirate of Afghanistan
(1823–1926)
First Anglo-Afghan War
(1839–1842)
Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan United Kingdom British Empire Victory
  • British Indian withdrawal after abandoning its war objective.
  • Dost Mohammad Khan retains the Afghan throne.
Second Anglo-Afghan War
(1878–1880)
Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan United Kingdom British Empire Defeat
  • British withdrawal after achieving the desired political goals through the Treaty of Gandamak.
  • Afghanistan's tribal frontier areas annexed to India.
  • Afghanistan becomes a British Protectorate.
Third Anglo-Afghan War
(1919)
Afghanistan Afghanistan United Kingdom British Empire Strategic victory
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
(1978–1992)
Soviet war in Afghanistan
(1979–1989)
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Afghanistan D.R. Afghanistan
Mujahideen Stalemate
  • Geneva Accords.
  • Withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan
  • Afghan Civil War continues
Civil war in Afghanistan
(1989–1992)
Afghanistan D.R. Afghanistan Mujahideen Regime change
Islamic State of Afghanistan
(1992–2001)
Civil war in Afghanistan
(1992–1996)
Afghanistan Islamic State of Afghanistan Taliban
Al Qaeda
Regime change
Civil war in Afghanistan
(1996–2001)
Afghanistan United Front (Islamic State of Afghanistan) Afghanistan Taliban (Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan)
Al-Qaeda
 Pakistan
Stalemate
  • Stalemate with varying fronts between the Taliban and Massoud's forces (United Front).
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
(1996–2001)
Civil war in Afghanistan
(1996–2001)
Afghanistan Taliban (Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan)
Al-Qaeda
 Pakistan
Afghanistan United Front (Islamic State of Afghanistan) Stalemate
  • Stalemate with varying fronts between the Taliban and Massoud's forces (United Front).
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
(2001–Present)
War in Afghanistan
(2001–2014)
ISAF

 Afghanistan

Afghanistan Taliban
Al-Qaeda
American-led coalition invasion and occupation of Afghanistan

Destruction of al-Qaeda militant training camps Fall of the Taliban government Establishment of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan under the Karzai administration Start of Taliban insurgency Death of Osama bin Laden in Pakistan Commencement of war's 2015–present phase