List of wars involving France

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The following is an incomplete list of French wars and battles from the Gauls to modern France.

Gauls (Transalpine and Cisalpine)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Battle of the Allia
(390 BC)

Location: Gaul

Paul Jamin, Brennus and His Share of the Spoils, 1893
Senone Gauls Roman Republic Decisive Gallic victory
Battle of Sentinum
(295 BC)
(Part of the Third Samnite War)

Location: Sentinum, Italy

Samnium
Gauls
Roman Republic Decisive Roman victory
Battle of Arretium
(283 BC)

Location: Arretium, Italy

Senone Gauls Roman Republic Decisive Gallic victory
Battle of Lake Vadimo
(283 BC)

Location: Lake Vadimo, Italy

Gauls
Etruscans
Roman Republic Roman victory
Battle of Faesulae
(225 BC)

Location: Faesulae, Italy

Gauls Roman Republic Gallic victory
Battle of Telamon
(225 BC)

Location: Telamon, Italy

Gauls Roman Republic Decisive Roman victory
  • Roman influence extended over northern Italy
Battle of Clastidium
(222 BC)

Location: Clastidium, Italy

Gauls Roman Republic Roman victory
Battle of Cremona
(200 BC)

Location: Cremona, Italy

Gauls Roman Republic Roman victory
Battle of Placentia
(194 BC)

Location: Placentia, Italy

Boii Roman Republic Decisive Roman victory
Battle of Sentinum
(295 BC)

(Part of the Third Samnite War) Location: Sentinum, Italy

Samnium
Gauls
Roman Republic Decisive Roman victory
Gallic Wars
(58–50 BC)

Location: Gaul, Germania, and Britannia

Vercingetorix Throws Down His Arms at the Feet of Julius Caesar, 1899, by Lionel Royer
Roman silver denarius with a captured Gaul's head following the campaigns of Caesar, 48 BC
Gauls:
Arverni
Atrebates
Bituriges
Caletes
Eburones
Helvetii
Menapii
Morini
Nervii
Sotiates
Suessiones
Veliocasses
Veneti
Viromandui
other
Germanic:
Aduatuci
Sicambri
Suebi
Tencteri
Ubii
Usipetes
Britons and Aquitanian tribes as well as portions of Iberian tribesmen
Roman Republic Decisive Roman victory
  • Roman Republic annexes Gaul as a province
Battle of Châlons
(274)

Location: apud Catalaunos (Châlons-en-Champagne, France)

Map of the Roman Empire with the breakaway states of Palmyra and Gaul, 271 AD
Gallic Empire  Roman Empire Decisive Roman victory

Franks and the Carolingian Empire[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

Ancien Régime[edit]

Revolutionary France[edit]

Napoleonic France[edit]

French Colonial Empire[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
French conquest of Senegal
(1659–1895)

Location: Senegal

 France Waalo Kingdom

Kingdom of Cayor
Jolof Empire
Baol
Kingdom of Sine
Saloum

French Victory
  • France conquers territory of present-day Senegal
Siamese revolution of 1688
(1688)

Location: Siam

Prasat Thong dynasty
 Kingdom of France
Phetracha and various Siamese lords
Supported by:
VOC-Amsterdam.svg Dutch East India Company
French Defeat
King William's War
(1688–1697)

Location: North America

 France
 New France
 Wabanaki Confederacy
 England
New England blank flag.svg Massachusetts Bay Colony
English America
Haudenosaunee
Status quo ante bellum
French and Iroquois Wars
(17th century)

Location: Great Lakes region

Huron, Erie, Neutral, Odawa, Ojibwe, Mississaugas, Potawatomi, Algonquin, Shawnee, Wenro, Mahican, Innu, Abenaki, Miami, Illinois Confederation, other nations allied with France
Supported by:
 France
Iroquois
Supported by:
 England,
 Dutch Republic
Military Stalemate
  • Great Peace of Montreal
  • Growth of French token influence in the Great Lakes region
  • Huron-Wendat Confederacy destroyed or assimilated
  • Military refugee migration results in expansion of Iroquois hunting grounds down to Mississippi River
  • Further Iroquois territorial expansion halted in military campaigns by the Council of Three Fires
Queen Anne's War
(1702–1713)

Location: North America

 France

Spain

Wabanaki Confederacy
Caughnawaga Mohawk
Choctaw
Timucua
Apalachee
Natchez

 England (before 1707)

 Great Britain (after 1707)

Muscogee (Creek)
Chickasaw
Yamasee

French Defeat
Chickasaw Wars
(1721–1763)

Location: Mississippi River

 France
Choctaw
Illini
 Great Britain
Chickasaw
Chickasaw victory
Carnatic Wars
(1744–1763)

Location: Carnatic region, South India

Kingdom of France Kingdom of Great Britain French Defeat
King George's War
(1744–1748)

Location: North America

 France

Wabanaki Confederacy

 Great Britain

Iroquois Confederacy

Status quo ante bellum
Father Le Loutre's War
(1749–1755)

Location: Acadia and Nova Scotia

 France

Wabanaki Confederacy

 Great Britain French Defeat
French and Indian War
(1754–1763)

Location: North America

 France

Wabanaki Confederacy

Algonquin
Lenape
Ojibwa
Ottawa
Shawnee
Wyandot

 Great Britain

Iroquois Confederacy
Catawba
Cherokee (before 1758)

French Defeat
West Indies Campaign (Seven Years' War)
(1757–1762)

Location: West Indies

 France  Great Britain French Defeat
West African Campaign (Seven Years' War))
(1758)

Location: West Africa

 France  Great Britain French Defeat
Larache expedition
(1765)

Location: Larache, Morocco

 France Flag of Morocco 1666 1915.svg Morocco French Defeat
Haitian Revolution
(1791–1804)

Location: Saint-Domingue

Collage of the Haitian Revolution
Slave owners
Kingdom of France
French Republic
Ex-slaves
French royalists
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Captaincy General of Santo Domingo (1793–1795)
 Great Britain
Ex-slaves (1802–1803)
Haitian victory
Siege of Santo Domingo
(1805)

Location: Santo Domingo, Saint-Domingue
present day Dominican Republic

French Republic Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti French victory
Franco-Trarzan War of 1825
(1825)

Location: Waalo, West Africa

Pavillon royal de France.svg Kingdom of France Emirate of Trarza French victory
French conquest of Algeria
(1827–1830–1857)

Location: Regency of Algiers

Kingdom of France  Ottoman Empire

Dz flag-Abdelkader.png Emirate of Abdelkader
Beni Abbas Kingdom2 Kingdom of Ait Abbas
Flag of Kel Ahaggar Kel Ahaggar
Flag of Morocco 1666 1915.svg Sultanate of Morocco

French victory
First Franco-Mexican War
(1838–1839)

Location: Mexico

France Mexico French victory
  • Mexican government agrees to pay damages of 600,000 pesos
First Franco-Moroccan War
(1844)

Location: Morocco

France Morocco French victory
Franco-Tahitian War
(1844–1847)

Location: Tahiti

France Toucouleur Empire French victory
Bombardment of Tourane
(1847)

Location: Off Tourane (Da Nang), South Central Coast of Vietnam

France Nguyễn dynasty French victory
Taiping Rebellion
(1850–1871)

Location: China

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Qing victory
Bombardment of Salé
(1851)

Location: Morocco

 France Sherifian Empire French military victory
French political failure.
  • Morocco agreed to pay 100,000 francs to the French on 29 November 1851 to avoid further conflict.[1]
  • France had desired a revolt against the governor of Salé to force repayment and avoid destruction of the city, but this did not occur.[2]
Siege of Medina Fort
(1857)

Location: Médine, Mali

France Toucouleur Empire French victory
Cochinchina Campaign
(1858–1862)

Location: Vietnam

French Empire
Kingdom of Spain
Nguyễn Dynasty Franco-Spanish victory
Second Franco-Mexican War
(1862–1867)

Location: Mexico

France
Mexican Empire
Mexican republicans Mexican republican victory
Shimonoseki Campaign
(1863–1864)

Location: Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi, Japan

 British Empire
French Empire
 Netherlands
 United States
Ichimonjimitsuboshi.svg Chōshū Domain Allied victory
French campaign against Korea
(1866)

Location: Korea

French Empire Flag of the King of Joseon (fringeless).svg Kingdom of Joseon French Defeat
  • French withdrawal, Korea reaffirms its isolationism
Siege of Medina Fort
(1881)

Location: Tunisia

France Beylik of Tunis French victory
  • Tunisia becomes a French protectorate
Mandingo Wars
(1883–1898)

Location: West Africa

France Flag of the Wassoulou Empire.svg Wassoulou Empire French victory
First Madagascar expedition
(1883–1885)

Location: Madagascar

France Merina Kingdom French victory
Sino-French War
(1884–1885)

Location: Southeast mainland China, Taiwan, northern Vietnam

France Qing dynasty
Black Flag Army
Nguyễn dynasty
Both sides declared victory
Tonkin Campaign
(1883–1886)

Location: Northern Vietnam

France Qing dynasty
Black Flag Army
Nguyễn dynasty
French victory
First Franco-Dahomean War
(1890)

Location: Ouémé Department of modern Benin

France Dahomey French victory
  • Dahomey recognizes Porto-Novo as a French protectorate and gives up customs rights to Cotonou in exchange for yearly payment
Second Franco-Dahomean War
(1892–1894)

Location: Ouémé Department and Zou Department of modern Benin

France Dahomey French victory
  • Dahomey conquered and incorporated as a French protectorate
Franco-Siamese War
(1893)

Location: French Indochina, Siam

French Republic Kingdom of Siam French victory
Second Madagascar expedition
(1894–1895)

Location: Madagascar

France Merina Kingdom French victory
Ouaddai War
(1909–1911)

Location: Ouaddai Empire

France Ouaddai Empire French victory
French conquest of Morocco
(1911–1934)

Location: North Africa

France Zaian Confederation
Varying other Berber tribes
French victory
Zaian War
(1914–1921)

Location: French protectorate of Morocco

France Zaian Confederation
Varying other Berber tribes
Supported during the First World War by the Central Powers
French victory
Volta-Bani War
(1915–1917)

Location: Burkino Faso, Mali

France
Marka, Bwa, Lela, Nuni, and Bobo people French victory
Kaocen revolt
(1916–1917)

Location: Northern Niger

France
Tuareg guerrillas French victory
Thái Nguyên uprising
(1917-1918)

Location: Northern Vietnam

France First flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg Vietnamese rebels French victory
  • Uprising suppressed.
Franco-Syrian War
(1920)

Location: Syria

France
Arab Kingdom of Syria
  • Arab militias
French victory
Rif War
(1920–1927)

Location: Morocco

Spain
 France (1925–1926)
Jebala tribes
Republic of the Rif
Jebala tribes
Franco-Spanish victory
Great Syrian Revolt
(1925–1927)

Location: French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon

Damascus in flames as the result of the French air raid on October 18, 1925.
France Syrian rebels French victory
Kongo-Wara rebellion
(1928–1931)

Location: French Equatorial Africa, French Cameroon

France

Fula people


Co-belligerents:
Gbaya chiefdoms

Gbaya people and clans

Co-belligerents:
Mbum people
Mbai people
Pana people
Yangere people
Mbimou people
Goundi people

French victory
Yên Bái mutiny
(1930)

Location: Vietnam

France
Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng French victory
  • Uprising crushed
    VNQDĐ severely damaged by deaths and arrests, jailings and executions by French authorities[3]
Franco-Thai War
(1940–1941)

Location: French Indochina

 Vichy France
 Thailand Indecisive
  • Japanese-mediated ceasefire
  • On Japanese decision, disputed territories in French Indochina ceded by France to Thailand
War in Vietnam (1945–46)
(1945–1946)

Location: Vietnam

France
 British Empire
Japan
Việt Minh Operational success
First Indochina War
(1946–1954)

Location: French Indochina

France

Cambodia
(1953–1954)
 Laos
(1953–1954)
State of Vietnam (1949–1954)


Supported by:
 United States(1950–1954)

Viet Minh

Lao Issara (1945–1949)

Khmer Issarak

Japanese volunteers


Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 China (1949–1954)
 East Germany

French Defeat
Malagasy Uprising
(1947–1948)

Location: Madagascar

 France MDRM French victory
  • Uprising Crushed by French, various participants tried and executed
  • Scars on Malagasy society
Algerian War
(1954–1962)

Location: Algeria

French forces killed Algerian rebels, December 1954
 France Variant flag of the GPRA (1958-1962).svg FLN Military stalemate
Ifni War
(1957–1958)

Location: Spanish Sahara, Ifni, Morocco

 Spain
France
Moroccan Army of Liberation Franco-Spanish victory
Bizerte crisis
(1961)

Location: Bizerte, Tunisia

 France Tunisia French victory

Modern period[edit]

Excluding colonial wars (the last being the Algerian War of 1954–1962), which are listed in the above section.

21st century[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
War in Afghanistan
(2001–2014)

Location: Afghanistan

ISAF Taliban
al-Qaeda
Victory
First Ivorian Civil War
(2002–2007)

Location: Ivory Coast

A Forces nouvelles's member caught by the French Foreign Legion in 2004 after a plundering.
 Ivory Coast
Young Patriots of Abidjan militia
Liberian mercenaries
Supported by:
 Russia
 Bulgaria
 Belarus

 France
UNOIC

Forces Nouvelles de Côte d'Ivoire Victory
Insurgency in the Maghreb
(2002–present)

Location: Maghreb, Sahara desert, Sahel

 Algeria
 Mauritania
 Tunisia
 Libya
 Mali
 Niger
 Chad
 France
al-Qaeda Ongoing
Haitian coup d'état
(2004)

Location: Haiti

National Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Haiti

MINUSTAH
 United States
 Chile
 Canada
 France

 Republic of Haiti Victory
Chadian Civil War
(2005–2010)

Location: Chad

 Chad
 France
NMRD
JEM
Rebels
Janjaweed
Alleged support:
 Sudan (until 2010)
Victory
War in Somalia
(2009–present)

Location: Somalia

 Somalia
 United States
 European Union
Al-Qaeda Ongoing
Boko Haram insurgency
(2009–present)

Location: Northeast Nigeria

 Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Chad
 Niger
Supported by:
 Benin
 Canada
 China
 France
 Iran
 Israel
 Italy
 Spain
 United Kingdom
 United States
Boko Haram Ongoing
Second Ivorian Civil War
(2010–2011)

Location: Ivory Coast

New Forces
Liberian mercenaries
RDR
UNOCI
 France
Military of Ivory Coast
Liberian mercenaries
Young Patriots of Abidjan
Ivorian Popular Front
Victory
Libyan intervention
(2011)

Location: Libya

Part of a group of six, italian built, Palmaria self-propelled howitzers of the Gaddafi forces, destroyed by French Rafale airplanes at the west-southern outskirts of Benghazi, Libya, in Opération Harmattan on March 19, 2011.
 NATO  Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Victory
Northern Mali conflict
(2012–present)

Location: Northern Mali

Government of Mali

 France
ECOWAS

National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad
(MNLA)
  • Islamic Movement of Azawad
Ongoing
Central African Republic conflict
(2012–present)

Location: Central African Republic

French soldiers as part of Operation Sangaris, authorized in late 2013.
 Central African Republic
MINUSCA (since 2014)
MISCA (2013–2014)
MICOPAX (2013)

 France (2013–16)
 South Africa (2012–13)
EUFOR RCA (2014–15)

FPRC
UPC
MPC
Ongoing
Iraqi Civil War
(2014–present)

Location: Iraq

Government of Iraq
CJTF–OIR

 United States
 France
 United Kingdom
 Netherlands
 Australia
 Jordan
 Denmark

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Ongoing
Opération Chammal
(2014–present)

Location: Iraq, Syria, Libya

French Dassault Rafale of Squadron 11F prepares to land on USS Carl Vinson. Carl Vinson is deployed as part of maritime security operations and strike operations in Iraq and Syria.
 France Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Ongoing
  • French airstrikes on ISIL in Iraq and Syria
  • ISIL ground attacks on French special forces repelled

See also[edit]

  1. ^ Brown 1976, p. 239.
  2. ^ Brown 1976, p. 240.
  3. ^ Rettig, pp. 316–317.