List of wars involving Iceland

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The following is a list of wars involving Iceland. Although modern Iceland does not maintain a standing army, navy, or air force, it maintains a militarized Coast Guard which is in charge of defending the country and has internationally deployed a small peacekeeping force on a few occasions.

None of the Cod Wars meets any of the common thresholds for a conventional war. They may more accurately be described as militarized interstate disputes.[1][2][3][4]

Wars[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Icelandic
losses
Battle of Vinland (1003)
(1003)
Icelandic Vikings Native warriors Victory
  • Viking victory and withdrawal.
22 dead
Battle of Vinland (1010)
(1010)
Icelandic Vikings Native warriors Victory
  • Native attack repelled; Viking withdrawal.
2 dead
Age of the Sturlungs
(1220–1264)
Coat of arms of the Icelandic Commonwealth.svg Gothis Coat of arms of the Icelandic Commonwealth.svg Gothis Old Covenant
Unknown
Icelandic Reformation
(1538–1550)
Iceland stockfish coa.svg Catholics Christian I of Denmark Coat of Arms 1457-1460.svg Denmark
Iceland stockfish coa.svg Protestants
Protestant victory
Unknown
First Cod War
(1958–1961)
 Iceland  United Kingdom Victory
  • Territorial waters expanded to 12 nmi.
None
Second Cod War
(1972–1973)
 Iceland  United Kingdom Victory
  • 50 nmi exclusive fishery zone created.
1 dead
Third Cod War
(1975–1976)
 Iceland  United Kingdom Victory
  • Exclusive fishery zone expanded to 200 nmi.
None

Peacekeeping[edit]

Mission Start-date End-date Location Troops deployed
Emblem of the Multi-National Force – Iraq.svg MNF-I 2003 2004  Iraq 2
ISAF ISAF 2003 2014  Afghanistan 2-32

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Steinsson, Sverrir (2016-03-22). "The Cod Wars: a re-analysis". European Security. 0 (0): 1–20. doi:10.1080/09662839.2016.1160376. ISSN 0966-2839. 
  2. ^ Hellmann, Gunther; Herborth, Benjamin (2008-07-01). "Fishing in the mild West: democratic peace and militarised interstate disputes in the transatlantic community". Review of International Studies. 34 (03): 481–506. doi:10.1017/S0260210508008139. ISSN 1469-9044. 
  3. ^ Ireland, Michael J.; Gartner, Scott Sigmund (2001-10-01). "Time to Fight: Government Type and Conflict Initiation in Parliamentary Systems". The Journal of Conflict Resolution. 45 (5): 547–568. JSTOR 3176313. 
  4. ^ Prins, Brandon C.; Sprecher, Christopher (1999-05-01). "Institutional Constraints, Political Opposition, And Interstate Dispute Escalation: Evidence from Parliamentary Systems, 1946–89". Journal of Peace Research. 36 (3): 271–287. doi:10.1177/0022343399036003002. ISSN 0022-3433.