List of wars involving Iraq

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This is a list of wars involving the Republic of Iraq and its predecessor states.

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Iraqi losses Head of State Prime Minister
Military Civilians
Mesopotamian Campaign
(1914–1918 WWI)
Ottoman Empire United Kingdom Defeat
~89,500
~35,500
Mehmed VI

(Ottoman rule)

Ahmet Tevfik Pasha

(Ottoman rule)

Mahmud Barzanji Revolts

(1919–1924)

United Kingdom Kingdom of Kurdistan

Kurdish Tribesmen

Government victory
?
?
Before 1920:

Sir Percy Cox

(British High Commissioner)

After 1920:

King Faisal I

Before 1920:

Sir Percy Cox

(British High Commissioner)

After 1920:

Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani

Great Iraqi Revolution
(1920)
Iraqi Rebels United Kingdom Defeat
6,000–
10,000
2,050–
4,000
None
Ikhwan Raid on Busayya

(1927)

United Kingdom Ikhwan Defeat
  • Police post near Busayya destroyed
20
Faisal I of Iraq
Jaafar Al-Askari
Yazidi Revolt

(1935)

Kingdom of Iraq Yazidi Tribesmen Government victory
  • Uprising Quelled
?
?
Ghazi of Iraq
Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi
Iraqi Shia Revolts
(1935–1936)
Kingdom of Iraq Shia Tribesmen Government victory
  • Uprising Quelled
~500
Iraqi Coup D'etat
(1941)
Kingdom of Iraq Golden Square Rebels Government defeat
?
Faisal II of Iraq
Taha al-Hashimi
Anglo-Iraqi War
(1941 WWII)
Kingdom of Iraq (Golden Square)
 Germany
 Italy
 United Kingdom
 India
Iraq Levies
Royalists
Transjordan
 Australia
 New Zealand
 Greece
Defeat
  • Re-installation of Hashemite royal dynasty and pro-British government
~500
?
Sherif Sharaf
Rashid Ali al-Gaylani
Barzani Revolt
(1943–1945)
Kingdom of Iraq Barzani Kurds Government victory
  • Uprising quelled
?
Faisal II of Iraq
Nuri al-Said
Al-Wathbah Uprising

(1948)

Kingdom of Iraq Communists Government victory
  • Uprising quelled
300–400
Mohammad Hassan al-Sadr
First Arab–Israeli War
(1948–1949)
Egypt
Kingdom of Iraq
Transjordan
Syria
 Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
 Yemen
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg HWA
ALA
 Israel Defeat
?
None
Muzahim al-Pachachi
14 July Revolution
(1958)
Hashemite Arab Federation

Support:

Hashemite Arab Federation

Free Officers Defeat
~100
Nuri al-Said
Mosul Uprising
(1959)
Iraqi Republic Arab Nationalists Government victory
2,426
Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i
Abd al-Karim Qasim
First Iraqi–Kurdish War
(1961–1970)
Iraqi Republic
Syria Syria
KDP Stalemate
~10,000
?
Ramadan Revolution
(1963)
Iraqi Republic Arab Nationalists Government defeat
100
Ar-Rashid Revolt

(1963)

Iraqi Republic Communists Government victory
  • Revolt suppressed
1+
Abdul Salam Arif
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
November coup d'état

(1963)

Iraqi Republic Nasserists Nasserist victory
250
Six-Day War
(1967)
United Arab Republic
 Syria
 Jordan
Iraqi Republic
 Lebanon
 Israel Defeat
10
None
Abdul Rahman Arif
Abdul Rahman Arif
October War
(1973)
 Egypt
 Syria
Ba'athist Iraq
 Jordan
 Algeria
Morocco
 Saudi Arabia
 Cuba
 Israel Defeat[1]
278
None
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Second Iraqi–Kurdish War
(1974–1975)
Ba'athist Iraq KDP
 Iran
Government victory (except against Iran)[3]
  • Iraq re-established control over Kurdistan
7,000
?
Iran–Iraq War
(1980–1988)
 Iraq
MEK
DRFLA
 Sudan
 Iran
KDP
PUK
Badr Brigades
Stalemate
105,000–
375,000
~100,000
Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein
Invasion of Kuwait

(1990)

 Iraq  Kuwait Victory
656
?
Arabian Gulf War
(1990–1991)
 Iraq  Kuwait
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Canada
 Egypt
 Syria
 Oman
 United Arab Emirates
 Qatar
 Italy
 Australia
Defeat
  • Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait; Emir Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah restored
  • Heavy casualties and destruction of Iraqi and Kuwaiti infrastructure
20,000–
35,000
3,664
1991 Iraqi uprisings
(1991)
 Iraq
MEK
Badr Brigades
Islamic Dawa Party Flag.svg Dawa
Government victory (Southern front)
  • Uprising suppressed
~5,000
80,000–
230,000
KDP
PUK
Government defeat (Northern front)
Iraqi Kurdish Civil War
(1995–1996)
KDP
 Iraq
KDPI
PUK
United States
Stalemate
?
Bombing of Iraq
(1998)
 Iraq United States
 United Kingdom
Defeat
  • Much Iraqi infrastructure destroyed
1,400[4]
(KIA or WIA)
?
Second Sadr Uprising
(1999)
 Iraq Badr Brigades
Islamic Dawa Party Flag.svg Dawa
Government victory
  • Uprising suppressed
40+
200+[5]
Iraq War
(2003–2011)
 Iraq United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 Poland
Peshmerga
Defeat (Phase 1)
7,600–
10,800
151,000–1,033,000+
 Iraq
Iraqi Kurdistan
MNF–I
SCJL
Naqshbandi Army
Free Iraqi Army
al-Qaeda
ISI
Flag of Ansar al-Islam.svg Ansar al-Islam
Islamic Army of Iraq (emblem).png IAI
Mahdi Army
Badr Brigades
Kata'ib Hezbollah
Government victory (Phase 2)
17,690
Jalal Talabani
Nouri al-Maliki
War in Iraq
(2013–2017)
 Iraq
 Iraqi Kurdistan
Sinjar Alliance
Seal of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve.svg CJTF–OIR

 Iran
 Syria
Hezbollah

ISIL
Ansar al-Islam
SCJL
Naqshbandi Army
Mujahideen Army
Government victory
  • Iraqi territorial integrity preserved
  • ISIL expelled from all strongholds in Iraq[6]
  • ISIL genocides against Yazidis, Shias, and Christians in 2014
25,000+
67,000+
Fuad Masum
Haider al-Abadi
2017 Iraqi–Kurdish conflict
(2017)
 Iraq  Iraqi Kurdistan Victory
  • Iraq retakes disputed territories
?
?
Iraqi Insurgency
(2017–present)
 Iraq Naqshbandi Army
ISIL
Ongoing
?
?
Syrian civil war
(2017–2019)
 Iraq

 Syria

ISIL

Victory
  • ISIL loses remaining territory in Syria
None
None
Barham Salih
Adil Abdul-Mahdi
October Revolution
(2019–present)
 Iraq Iraqi protesters Ongoing
?
700

Other armed conflicts involving Iraq[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Doubleday and Company, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • Revisiting The Yom Kippur War, P. R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, "The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society"[permanent dead link] Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.
  2. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It – American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  3. ^ J. Schofield, Militarization and War, p. 122
  4. ^ Rossiter, Mike, Target Basra , Corgi, 2009 ISBN 0552157007 ISBN 978-0552157001, p. 210
  5. ^ Dan Murphy (27 April 2004). "Sadr the agitator: like father, like son". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  6. ^ "With Iraqi-Kurdish Talks Stalled, Phone Diplomacy Averts New Clashes". New York Times.