List of wars involving Italy

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This is a list of wars fought by Italy since the proclamation of a unified state in 1861.

The list gives the name, the date, the Italian allies and enemies, and the result of these conflicts following this legend:

  Italian victory
  Italian defeat
  Another result (e.g., a treaty or peace without a clear result, status quo ante bellum, result unknown or indecisive)
  Ongoing conflict

Kingdom of Italy (1861-1945)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Combatant 1 Combatant 2
1866 1866 Third Italian War of Independence  Italy  Austrian Empire Italian victory:

Armistice of Cormons and Treaty of Vienna:

1870 1870 Capture of Rome  Italy  Papal States

 Second French Empire

Italian victory, Debellation of the Papal States.
1885 1895 Eritrean War[1]  Italy  Ethiopia
Mahdist Sudan
Italian victory, establishment of Italian Eritrea.
1890 1894 Mahdist War  Italy Mahdist Sudan Italian victory
All Sudanese invasions repulsed
Italians take Kassala
1889 1920 Pacification of Somalia[2]  Italy Various rebels
Dervish State
Italian victory, consolidation of Italian Somaliland.
1895 1896 First Italo-Ethiopian War  Italy  Ethiopia Ethiopian victory, Treaty of Addis Ababa:
  • Ethiopia recognised as independent country by Italy.
  • Italy abrogates the Treaty of Wuchale.
1899 1901 Boxer Rebellion British Empire United Kingdom

 Japan
 Russia
France France
 United States
 Germany
 Italy
 Austria-Hungary

Righteous Harmony Society

 Manchu-China

Allied victory, Boxer Protocol:
  • Anti-foreign societies banned in China.
1902 1903 Venezuelan crisis of 1902–03  Italy

British Empire United Kingdom
 Germany

 Venezuela Compromise:
  • Venezuelan debt dispute resolved
1911 1912 Italo-Turkish War  Italy  Ottoman Empire Italian victory:
1914 1918 World War I: Italian Theater  Italy

British Empire United Kingdom
 Indian Empire
 Dominion of Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 South Africa
 Newfoundland
 Belgium
 France
 Russia
 Japan
United States United States
 Serbia
 Greece
Other Allies

 Austria-Hungary

 Germany
 Ottoman Empire
 Bulgaria

Italian victory:

Russia pulls out in 1917

  • Russian Civil War
    • Creation of the Soviet Union
      • Josef V. Stalin Rises to power

Creation of League of Nations

1918 1920 Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War United Kingdom British Empire

 Italy
France France
 United States
 Japan
 Greece

 Soviet Russia

 Far Eastern Republic

Inconclusive:
  • Allied withdrawal from Russia

Bolshevik victory over White Army

1918 1921 Occupation of Adalia  Italy  Ottoman Empire Italian victory:
1920 1920 Vlora War  Italy Albania Principality of Albania Albanian victory, Italy withdraws from Albania.
1923 1923 Corfu incident  Italy Greece Kingdom of Greece Italian victory:
  • Corfu is successfully occupied by Italy.
  • Agreement between Italy and Greece under the auspices of the League of Nations.
  • Most of Italy's demands are met by the Greek government.
1931 1932 Pacification of Libya  Italy  Italy Libya Italian victory:
  • Stabilization of Italian rule in Libya.
1935 1936 Second Italo-Abyssinian War  Italy  Ethiopian Empire Italian victory:
1936 1939 Spanish Civil War Spain Nationalist

 Italy
 Germany
Portugal
Foreign volunteers

Second Spanish Republic Republican

Foreign volunteers
 Soviet Union (1936–1938)
 Mexico

Nationalist victory:
1939 1939 Invasion of Albania  Italy Albania Albania Italian victory, Italian occupation of Albania.
1939 1945 World War II/Italian Civil War Axis Powers

 Germany
 Italy
 Japan
 Hungary
 Bulgaria
 Romania
 Manchukuo
 Mengjiang
 Finland
 Thailand

The Allies

United Kingdom British Empire
France France
Poland Poland
 Belgium
 Netherlands
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Norway
 Greece
 Yugoslavia
 Soviet Union
 United States
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 Indian Empire
   Nepal
 South Africa
 Brazil
 China
 Ethiopian Empire

Allied victory:
  • Italian Social Republic, co-belligerent of the Axis from 1943-1945, is defeated in the Italian Civil War;
  • Kingdom of Italy, co-belligerent of the Allies from 1943-1945, is victorious.
  • Italy officially is among the victors, but is forced to cede much of its territory and pay reparations to several countries.

Italian Republic (1946-present)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Combatant 1 Combatant 2
1982 1984 Multinational Force in Lebanon  Italy

 United States
 France
 United Kingdom

Islamic Jihad Organization Victory
1991 1991 Gulf War  Kuwait

 United States
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Egypt
 Syria
 United Kingdom
 Italy
Other Allies

Iraq Victory
  • Kuwait regains its independence
1992 1996 Bosnian War
(1992–1995)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatia
 Belgium
 Canada
 Denmark
 France
 Germany
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Portugal
 Spain
 Turkey
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Republika Srpska Victory
  • Dayton Accords
  • Internal partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina according to the Dayton Accords
  • Deployment of NATO-led IFOR to oversee the peace agreement
  • Massive civilian casualties for the Bosniak ethnic group
1992 1995 Somali Civil War  United States
 United Kingdom
 Italy
 Saudi Arabia
 Malaysia
 Pakistan
 Spain
 India
 Greece
 Germany
 France
 Canada
 Botswana
 Belgium
 Australia
Somalia Various Somali factions Victory
  • UN humanitarian mandate fulfilled.
  • Mohamed Farrah Aidid killed
  • About 100,000 lives were saved by outside resistance.
  • Civil war is ongoing.
  • UN withdrawal.
1997 1997 Albanian civil war
(Operation Alba)
AlbaniaGovernment of Sali Berisha

(Operation Alba)

(Operation Libelle)

(Operation Silver Wake)

Albania Rebels Victory

New Parliamentary Elections.

1998 1999 Kosovo War  United States

 France
 Canada
 Denmark
 Germany
 Italy
UCK KLA.png Kosovo Liberation Army

 Yugoslavia Victory
  • Kosovo occupied by Nato forces
  • Kosovo administered by UNMIK
2001 2001 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia National Liberation Army
 NATO
 Macedonia

Supported by:
 Ukraine[3][4][5](main arms supply)
Serbia and Montenegro FR Yugoslavia (arms supply)
 Bulgaria (arms supply)
 Russia (arm supply and Contractors)

Ceasefire
  • Ohrid Agreement
  • Macedonian offensive stopped by NATO involvement
  • Ceasefire established
  • The majority of Albanian insurgents agree to disarm in exchange for greater ethnic rights
  • Low intensity resurgence since November 2001
2001 Afghanistan War
(2001–2014)
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Italy
 Germany
 France
 Canada
 Australia
 Georgia
 Poland
 Romania
 Turkey
 Afghanistan
Afghanistan Northern Alliance
Afghanistan Taliban
al-Qaeda
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
HI-Gulbuddin
Hezb-e Islami Khalis
Haqqani network
Lashkar-e-Taiba
Jaish-e-Mohammed
East Turkestan Islamic Movement
Afghanistan Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
Islamic Emirate of Waziristan
Afghanistan Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
Islamic Jihad Union

Afghanistan Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

Victory
2003 2006 Iraq War Multi-National Force – Iraq:

 United States
 United Kingdom
 Italy
 Australia
 Spain
 Netherlands
 Poland
 South Korea
 Ukraine
 Georgia
Other Allies  Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein
 Iraqi Kurdistan

 Iraq under Saddam Hussein

Various insurgents

Victory
2011 2011 Libyan intervention Many NATO NATO members acting under United Nations UN mandate, including:

 United States
 France
 Denmark
 Italy
 Canada
and
Libya Anti-Gaddafi forces
Arab League several Arab League states
Sweden Sweden

Libya Pro-Gaddafi forces Victory

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Indro Montanelli, Storia d'Italia, vol. 6 1861 - 1919, RCS Libri S.p.A., 2006
  2. ^ Pacification of Somalia.
  3. ^ Zerkalo Nedeli (28 February 2002). "Paper critical of Western call on Ukraine to stop selling arms to Macedonia". Free Republic. Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  4. ^ Carlotta Gall (23 July 2001). "Rebels Secure a Base in Macedonian Town". New York Times. Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  5. ^ Taras Kuzio (31 October 2001). "UKRAINE FORGES MILITARY ALLIANCE WITH MACEDONIA". The Jamestown. Retrieved 5 May 2015.