List of wars involving Malta

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This article is a list of wars and battles involving Malta.

Medieval period (before 1530)[edit]

Dates Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
870 Siege of Melite
part of the Arab–Byzantine wars
Byzantine Empire Aghlabids Aghlabid victory
1053-1054 Siege of Medina
part of the Arab–Byzantine wars
Arabs Byzantine Empire Arab victory
1091 Norman invasion of Malta
part of the Norman conquest of southern Italy
Arabs Norman County of Sicily Norman victory
1283 Battle of Malta
part of the War of the Sicilian Vespers
Kingdom of Aragon flag Aragonese Kingdom of Sicily Flag of the Kingdom of Naples.svg Angevin Kingdom of Sicily Aragonese victory
1429 Siege of Malta  Kingdom of Sicily
Unofficial Flag of Malta (pre-1943).svg Maltese civilians
Hafsid Kingdom Maltese victory

Order of Saint John (1530-1798)[edit]

Dates Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
1535 Conquest of Tunis
part of the Ottoman–Habsburg wars
Charles V Arms-personal.svg Empire of Charles V:

 Republic of Genoa
Flag of Portugal (1521).svg Kingdom of Portugal
 Papal States
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John

 Ottoman Empire Allied victory
1538 Battle of Preveza
part of the Ottoman–Venetian Wars
Holy League:
 Republic of Venice
 Spain
 Papal States
 Republic of Genoa
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
 Ottoman Empire Ottoman victory
1541 Expedition against Algiers
part of the Ottoman–Habsburg wars
Charles V Arms-personal.svg Empire of Charles V:

 Republic of Genoa
 Papal States
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John

Ottoman Empire Regency of Algiers Ottoman victory
1551 Invasion of Gozo and Siege of Tripoli
part of the Ottoman–Habsburg wars
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John  Ottoman Empire Ottoman victory
1560 Battle of Djerba
part of the Ottoman–Habsburg wars
 Republic of Genoa
 Republic of Venice
 Spain
 Papal States
 Duchy of Savoy
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
 Ottoman Empire Ottoman victory
1565 Great Siege of Malta
part of the Ottoman–Habsburg wars
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
SpainKingdom of Spain
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Kingdom of Sicily
 Ottoman Empire Allied victory
1571 Battle of Lepanto
part of the Ottoman–Habsburg and Ottoman–Venetian Wars
Banner of the Holy League 1571.png Holy League:  Ottoman Empire Allied Victory
1586 Battle of Pantelleria
part of the Anglo-Spanish War
Spain Spanish Empire
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
England Kingdom of England English victory
1614 Raid of Żejtun
part of the Ottoman–Habsburg wars
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John  Ottoman Empire Maltese victory
1645-1669 War of Candia
part of the Ottoman–Venetian Wars
 Republic of Venice
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
 Papal States
 France
Mani Flag (Greece).svg Maniots
 Ottoman Empire Ottoman victory
1684-1699 Morean War
part of the Ottoman–Venetian Wars
 Republic of Venice
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
 Duchy of Savoy
 Papal States
Cross of saint stephen.svg Knights of St. Stephen
Flag of Himara.JPG Himariotes
Mani Flag (Greece).svg Maniots
Graeco-Ottoman ensign.svg Greek rebels
 Ottoman Empire Allied victory
1714-1718 War of Corfu
part of the Ottoman–Venetian Wars
 Republic of Venice
Habsburg Monarchy Austria
 Portugal
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
 Papal States
 Spain
Flag of Himara.JPG Himariotes
 Ottoman Empire Allied victory
1784 Bombardment of Algiers
part of the Spanish-Barbary Conflicts
Spain Spain
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John
Portugal
Ottoman Empire Regency of Algiers Allied victory
1798 French invasion of Malta
part of the Mediterranean campaign of 1798
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John France French Republic French victory

French occupation (1798-1800)[edit]

Dates Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
1798-1800 Siege of Malta
part of the War of the Second Coalition
Unofficial Flag of Malta (pre-1943).svg Maltese insurgents
Kingdom of Great Britain Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Kingdom of Naples
France French Republic Allied victory

British protectorate and colony (1800-1964)[edit]

Dates Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
1940-1942 Siege of Malta
part of World War II
 United Kingdom
Malta Malta
 Australia
 Canada
 New Zealand
 Union of South Africa
 Southern Rhodesia
Supported by:
 Free France
 Greece
 Poland
 Norway
 United States
 Italy
 Germany
Allied Victory

Republic of Malta (1974-present)[edit]

Dates Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
2008–present Operation Atalanta
part of Piracy in Somalia
 European Union Somali pirates Ongoing

See also[edit]