List of wars involving North Korea

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This is a list of wars involving North Korea.

Conflict Joseon Dynasty
and allies
Opponents Results Monarch
of Joseon Dynasty
Joseon Dynasty
Second Tsushima Expedition
(1396)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty So clan mon2.svg Tsushima Province Victory
  • Resulted in yearly tributes by Tsushima.
King Taejong
Third Tsushima Expedition
(1419)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty So clan mon2.svg Tsushima Province Victory
  • Discrepancy on which side had actually won.
King Sejong
Joseon Northern Expedition
(1443)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Jurchen.png Jianzhou Jurchens Victory
  • Led to establishment of present-day northern borders.
King Sejong
Sampo Invasion
(1510)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty So clan mon2.svg Tsushima Province Victory
  • Joseon broke all diplomatic relations with Japan after the incident.
King Jungjong
First Japanese invasion of Korea
(1592-1593)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Toyotomi mon.png Azuchi-Momoyama Japan Stalemate
  • Joseon, despite its strategic advantage, suffered heavy casualties due to an inefficient military system.
King Seonjo
Second Japanese invasion of Korea
(1597-1598)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Toyotomi mon.png Azuchi-Momoyama Japan Japanese Withdrawal
  • Asia's first regional warfare that involved intensive use of modern-era weapons.
King Seonjo
Ming-Manchu War
(1618-1683)
Ming Dynasty

Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty
Flag of Chagatai khanate.svg Kumul Khanate
Turfan Khanate

Amaga aisin gurun1.png Manchus Defeat Gwanghaegun
First Manchu invasion of Korea
(1627)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the Qing dynasty (1862-1889).png Later Jin dynasty Defeat
  • Was spurred by actions of Mao Wenlong, a Ming commander who operated off islands of Korea.
King Injo
Second Manchu invasion of Korea
(1636-1637)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the Qing dynasty (1862-1889).png Qing dynasty Defeat
  • Brought forth the idea of Punitive North Expedition in Joseon.
King Injo
Russian-Manchu border conflicts
(1652-1689)
Flag of the Qing dynasty (1862-1889).png Qing dynasty

Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Flag of Russia.svg Tsardom of Muscovy

Hetmanate Army flag.png Cossacks

Victory King Hyojong
French campaign against Korea
(1866)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of France.svg Second French Empire French Withdrawal
  • Spurred by Joseon's execution of French Catholic priests on the same year.
Heungseon Daewongun
United States expedition to Korea
(1871)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the United States.svg United States United States victory
  • United States diplomatic failure
  • Spurred by Joseon's unknown treatment of the American merchant ship General Sherman.
Heungseon Daewongun
Ganghwa Island incident
(1875)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat King Gojong
Imo Incident
(1882)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Korean military dissidents, mostly from the Central Defense Command Victory
  • Spurred by Central Defense Command receiving significantly worse treatment compared to the newly established "Byolkigun".
King Gojong
Gapsin Coup
(1884)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Supported by Flag of the Qing dynasty (1889-1912).svg Qing dynasty

Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Reformist Faction

Supported by War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan

Gapsin Coup overthrown
  • Resulted in Chinese dominance within Korean politics.
King Gojong
Donghak Peasant Revolution
(1894-1895)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Cheondoism flag.svg Donghak Peasant's Army Victory King Gojong
Conflict Korean Empire
and allies
Opponents Results Emperor
of Korean Empire
Korean Empire
Eulsa Righteous War
(1905)
Korea Korean Empire War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat Emperor Gwangmu
Jeungmi Righteous War
(1907)
Korea Korean Empire War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat
  • Reaction to the forced dissolution of the Korean Imperial Army.
Emperor Yunghui
Great Korean Militia Roundup Campaign
(1909)
Korea Righteous Army War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat
  • Most battles were around the Southern Korea region of Jeolla.
Empeor Yunghui
Conflict Provisional Government
of Korea and allies
Opponents Results Leader
of Provisional Government
Provisional Government of Korea
Bongoh town Battle
(1920)
Korea Korean Liberation Army War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Victory
  • One of earlier Korean independence movements.
President
Syngman Rhee
Battle of Chongsanli
(1920)
Korea Korean Liberation Army War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Victory
  • Referred in Korea as "Great victory of Chongsanli".
President
Syngman Rhee
Massacre of Svobodny
(1921)
Korea Korean Liberation Army  Far Eastern Republic Defeat
  • Most of initial Korean militia was destroyed during the massacre.
President
Syngman Rhee
South-East Asian theatre of World War II
(1942-1945)
 British Empire

Taiwan Republic of China

 United States

War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan

Thailand Thailand

Victory Premier
Kim Gu
Conflict South Korea
and allies
Opponents Results President
of South Korea
Republic of Korea
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 South Korea
 United States

Flag of the United Nations.svg United Nations Command

 North Korea North Korea
 China People's Republic of China
Ceasefire
  • Cease-fire armistice; North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled, UN invasion of North Korea repelled, Chinese invasion of South Korea repelled.
  • Korean Demilitarized Zone established, little territorial change at the 38th parallel border.
Syngman Rhee
Vietnam War
(1964–1973)
Flag of South Vietnam.svg South Vietnam
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 South Korea
 Thailand
 Australia
 New Zealand
Flag of Laos (1952-1975).svg Kingdom of Laos
Cambodia Khmer Republic
Vietnam North Vietnam
Viet Cong Viet Cong
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg Khmer Rouge
Flag of the People's Republic of Kampuchea.svg Khmer Issarak
Laos Pathet Lao
 North Korea
Defeat Park Chung-hee
Conflict North Korea
and allies
Opponents Results North Korean
losses
Leader
of North Korea
Military Civilian
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Canada
 Turkey
 Australia
Ethiopian Empire Ethiopia
 Philippines
 New Zealand
 Thailand
Hellenic Kingdom Flag 1935.svg Greece
 France
 Colombia
 Belgium
 South Africa
 Netherlands
 Luxembourg
Ceasefire
  • Cease-fire armistice; North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled, UN invasion of North Korea repelled, Chinese invasion of South Korea repelled.
  • Korean Demilitarized Zone established, little territorial change at the 38th parallel border.
215,000–
350,000
1,550,000
Kim Il-sung
Vietnam War
(1967–1969)[1]
Vietnam North Vietnam
Viet Cong FNL
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg Khmer Rouge
Laos Pathet Lao
 North Korea
Flag of South Vietnam.svg South Vietnam
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 South Korea
 Australia
 New Zealand
 Thailand
 Philippines
Flag of Laos (1952-1975).svg Kingdom of Laos
Cambodia Khmer Republic
Victory (in 1975)
Unknown
None
Yom Kippur War
(1973)
 Egypt
 Syria
 Jordan
Iraq Iraq
 Algeria
Morocco Morocco
 Tunisia
 Cuba
 North Korea
 Israel Defeat[2]
20 pilots
19 non-combat personnel
None
Ethiopian Civil War
(1974–1991)
Ethiopia Derg (1974-1987)
Ethiopia People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991)
 Cuba
 North Korea
EPRP
TPLF
Ethiopia MEISON (from 1977)
EPDM
Ethiopia EDU
EPLF
Defeat

Fall of Communist government Independence of Eritrea
Ethiopia becomes a landlocked country

Unknown
None

External links[edit]

The Korean War:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ More about North Korean involvement in the Vietnam War
  2. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Double Day and Company, Inc, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • 0-313-31302-4&lr=#v=onepage&q=&f=false Revisiting The Yom Kippur War, P.R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.