List of wars involving North Korea

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This is a list of wars involving North Korea.

List[edit]

Conflict Joseon Dynasty
and allies
Opponents Results Monarch
of Joseon Dynasty
Joseon Dynasty
Second Tsushima Expedition
(1396)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty So clan mon2.svg Tsushima Province Victory
  • Resulted in yearly tributes by Tsushima.
King Taejong
Third Tsushima Expedition
(1419)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty So clan mon2.svg Tsushima Province Victory
  • Discrepancy on which side had actually won.
King Sejong
Joseon Northern Expedition
(1443)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Jurchen.png Jianzhou Jurchens Victory
  • Led to establishment of present-day northern borders.
King Sejong
Sampo Invasion
(1510)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty So clan mon2.svg Tsushima Province Victory
  • Joseon broke all diplomatic relations with Japan after the incident.
King Jungjong
First Japanese invasion of Korea
(1592-1593)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Toyotomi mon.png Azuchi-Momoyama Japan Stalemate
  • Joseon, despite its strategic advantage, suffered heavy casualties due to an inefficient military system.
King Seonjo
Second Japanese invasion of Korea
(1597-1598)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Toyotomi mon.png Azuchi-Momoyama Japan Japanese Withdrawal
  • Asia's first regional warfare that involved intensive use of modern-era weapons.
King Seonjo
Ming-Manchu War
(1618-1683)
Ming Dynasty

Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty
Flag of Chagatai khanate.svg Kumul Khanate
Turfan Khanate

Amaga aisin gurun1.png Manchus Defeat Gwanghaegun
First Manchu invasion of Korea
(1627)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg Later Jin dynasty Defeat
  • Was spurred by actions of Mao Wenlong, a Ming commander who operated off islands of Korea.
King Injo
Second Manchu invasion of Korea
(1636-1637)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg Qing dynasty Defeat
  • Brought forth the idea of Punitive North Expedition in Joseon.
King Injo
Sino-Russian border conflicts
(1652-1689)
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg Qing dynasty

Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Flag of Russia.svg Tsardom of Muscovy

Hetmanate Army flag.png Cossacks

Victory King Hyojong
French campaign against Korea
(1866)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of France.svg Second French Empire French Withdrawal
  • Spurred by Joseon's execution of French Catholic priests on the same year.
Heungseon Daewongun
United States expedition to Korea
(1871)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the United States.svg United States United States withdrawal
  • United States diplomatic failure
  • Spurred by Joseon's unknown treatment of the American merchant ship General Sherman.
Heungseon Daewongun
Ganghwa Island incident
(1875)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat King Gojong
Imo Incident
(1882)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Korean military dissidents, mostly from the Central Defense Command Victory
  • Spurred by Central Defense Command receiving significantly worse treatment compared to the newly established "Byolkigun".
King Gojong
Gapsin Coup
(1884)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Supported by Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg Qing dynasty

Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Reformist Faction

Supported by War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan

Gapsin Coup overthrown
  • Resulted in Chinese dominance within Korean politics.
King Gojong
Donghak Peasant Revolution
(1894-1895)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Cheondoism flag.svg Donghak Peasant's Army Victory King Gojong
Conflict Korean Empire
and allies
Opponents Results Emperor
of Korean Empire
Korean Empire
Eulsa Righteous War
(1905)
Korea Korean Empire War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat Emperor Gwangmu
Jeungmi Righteous War
(1907)
Korea Korean Empire War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat
  • Reaction to the forced dissolution of the Korean Imperial Army.
Emperor Yunghui
Great Korean Militia Roundup Campaign
(1909)
Korea Righteous Army War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat
  • Most battles were around the Southern Korea region of Jeolla.
Empeor Yunghui
Conflict Provisional Government
of Korea and allies
Opponents Results Leader
of Provisional Government
Provisional Government of Korea
Bongoh town Battle
(1920)
Korea Korean Liberation Army War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Victory
  • One of earlier Korean independence movements.
President
Syngman Rhee
Battle of Chongsanli
(1920)
Korea Korean Liberation Army War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Victory
  • Referred in Korea as "Great victory of Chongsanli".
President
Syngman Rhee
Massacre of Svobodny
(1921)
Korea Korean Liberation Army  Far Eastern Republic Defeat
  • Most of initial Korean militia was destroyed during the massacre.
President
Syngman Rhee
South-East Asian theatre of World War II
(1942-1945)
 British Empire

Taiwan Republic of China

 United States

War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan

Thailand Thailand

Victory Premier
Kim Gu
Conflict South Korea
and allies
Opponents Results President
of South Korea
Republic of Korea
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 South Korea
 United States

Flag of the United Nations.svg United Nations Command

 North Korea
 China
Ceasefire
  • Cease-fire armistice; North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled, UN invasion of North Korea repelled, Chinese invasion of South Korea repelled.
  • Korean Demilitarized Zone established, little territorial change at the 38th parallel border.
Syngman Rhee
Korean DMZ Conflict (1966–1969)  South Korea
 United States
 North Korea Victory
  • North Korean failure to instigate an armed insurgency in South Korea
Park Chung-hee
Vietnam War
(1964–1973)
Flag of South Vietnam.svg South Vietnam
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 South Korea
 Thailand
 Australia
 New Zealand
Flag of Laos (1952-1975).svg Kingdom of Laos
Cambodia Khmer Republic
Vietnam North Vietnam
Viet Cong Viet Cong
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg Khmer Rouge
Flag of the People's Republic of Kampuchea.svg Khmer Issarak
Laos Pathet Lao
 North Korea
 China
Defeat
Conflict North Korea
and allies
Opponents Results North Korean
losses
Leader
of North Korea
Military Civilian
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Canada
 Turkey
 Australia
Ethiopian Empire Ethiopia
 Philippines
 New Zealand
 Thailand
Hellenic Kingdom Flag 1935.svg Greece
 France
 Colombia
 Belgium
 South Africa
 Netherlands
 Luxembourg
Ceasefire
  • Cease-fire armistice; North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled, UN invasion of North Korea repelled, Chinese invasion of South Korea repelled.
  • Korean Demilitarized Zone established, little territorial change at the 38th parallel border.
215,000–
350,000
1,550,000
Kim Il-sung
Simba Rebellion
(1964)
Simba rebels
Military advisors:

 Cuba
Tanganyika
 Soviet Union
 China
 North Korea

Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo-Léopoldville

Combat Support:
 Belgium
 United States

Defeat (limited involvement)
  • Rebellion defeated.
Unknown
None
Communist insurgency in Thailand
(1965–1983)
Communist Party of Thailand

Thai United Patriotic Front
Weapons and advisors
 North Vietnam (until 1976)
 Vietnam (from 1976)
 China
Laos Pathet Lao[1]
[2]
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg Khmer Rouge[1]
[2]
 North Korea[1]

 Thailand
 Taiwan (until 1967)
 United States[1]
 Malaysia
Defeat (limited involvement)
  • Defeat of communist insurgency.
Unknown
~120
Vietnam War
(1967–1969)[a]
Vietnam North Vietnam
Viet Cong FNL
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg Khmer Rouge
Laos Pathet Lao
 North Korea
 China
Flag of South Vietnam.svg South Vietnam
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 South Korea
 Australia
 New Zealand
 Thailand
 Philippines
Flag of Laos (1952-1975).svg Kingdom of Laos
Cambodia Khmer Republic
Victory (in 1975)
Unknown
None
Korean DMZ Conflict (1966–1969)  North Korea  South Korea
 United States
Defeat
  • North Korean failure to instigate an armed insurgency in South Korea
2,871
Unknown
Yom Kippur War
(1973)
 Egypt
 Syria
 Jordan
Iraq Iraq
 Algeria
Morocco Morocco
 Tunisia
 Cuba
 North Korea
 Israel Defeat[3]
None
None
Ethiopian Civil War
(1974–1991)
Ethiopia Derg (1974-1987)
Ethiopia People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991)
 Cuba
 North Korea
EPRP
TPLF
Ethiopia MEISON (from 1977)
EPDM
Ethiopia EDU
EPLF
Defeat

Fall of Communist government Independence of Eritrea
Ethiopia becomes a landlocked country

Unknown
None
Angolan Civil War
(1975–2002)
UNITA
FNLA
FLEC
 South Africa (1975–89)
 Zaire (1975)[4]
 North Korea[5]
Angola MPLA
SWAPO
MK
 Cuba (1975–91)
 East Germany (1975–89)
 Soviet Union (1975–89)[6]
South Africa EO (1992–95)
Defeat
  • Withdrawal of all foreign forces in 1989
  • Transition towards a multiparty political system in 1991/92
  • Dissolution of the armed forces of FNLA
  • Participation of UNITA and FNLA, as political parties, in the new political system, from 1991/92 onwards, but civil war continues
  • Jonas Savimbi killed in 2002
  • Immediate peace agreement and dissolution of the armed forces of UNITA in 2002
  • Resistance of FLEC continued beyond 2002
Unknown
Unknown
1982 Ethiopian–Somali Border War
(1982)
Ethiopia

Somali rebels
Supported by:
 Cuba[7]
 South Yemen[7]
 North Korea[7]

Somalia Somalia

Supported by:
 United States[7][8]

Defeat (limited involvement)
Unknown
Unknown
Yemeni Civil War
(1994)
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen)
Supported by:
 Saudi Arabia[9]:82
Iraq[9]:82
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya[9]:82
 North Korea[9]:82[10]
Yemen Republic of Yemen (North Yemen)
Supported by:
 United States[11]
 Egypt[10]
Defeat (limited involvement)
Unknown
Unknown

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Communist Insurgency In Thailand" (PDF). CIA Report. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Anatomy of a Counterinsurgency Victory" (PDF). January 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  3. ^ References:
  4. ^ Perez de Cuellar C. Pilgrimage for Peace: A Secretary-General's Memoir pp. 325–326
  5. ^ Vines (1999), p. 106.
  6. ^ "AfricanCrisis". AfricanCrisis. Archived from the original on 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  7. ^ a b c d The History Guy: Ethiopia-Somalia Wars and Conflicts
  8. ^ Somalia SOMALIA'S DIFFICULT DECADE, 1980-90 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
  9. ^ a b c d Jamal S. al-Suwaidi, ed. (1995). The Yemeni War of 1994: Causes and Consequences. Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research. ISBN 0863563007. 
  10. ^ a b http://www.cfr.org/yemen/yemen-crisis/p36488
  11. ^ Embassy of Yemen - Yemeni-American relations, "[In mid-nineties...] Washington demonstrated favorable intentions concerning Yemen. That became evident when the U.S. fully supported the Yemeni unity against the failed Separatist attempt in the summer of 1994."