List of wars involving Russia

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The following is an incomplete list of armed conflicts and wars fought by Russia, by Russian people, from antiquity to the present day. It also includes wars fought outside of Russia by Russian military.

Kievan Rus'[edit]

This section contains list of wars involving Kievan Rus' and its principalities located on the territory of modern Russia and Ukraine (Principality of Kiev, Principality of Chernigov, Principality of Pereyaslavl, Principality of Volhynia, Principality of Terebovlia, Principality of Halych, Principality of Turov and Pinsk).

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
830s Paphlagonian expedition of the Rus' Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Unclear
860 Rus'–Byzantine War (860) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Victory
907 Rus'–Byzantine War (907) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Victory
920–1036 Rus'-Pechenegs' campaigns Kievan Rus' Pechenegs Different results
941 Rus'–Byzantine War (941) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Defeat
964–965 Sviatoslav's campaign against Khazars Kievan Rus' Khazar Khaganate Victory. Destruction of Khazar Khaganate.
967/968–971 Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Defeat
981 Rus' raid on Czerwień Towns Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Duchy of Poland Victory
987 Rus'–Byzantine War (987) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Agreement. Baptism of Vladimir and further Christianization of Kievan Rus'.
1018 German–Polish War (1002–18) Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Duchy of Poland Defeat
1022 Yaroslav the Wise's attack on Brest Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Duchy of Poland Defeat
1024 Rus'–Byzantine War (1024) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Defeat
1043 Rus'–Byzantine War (1043) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Defeat
1055–1223 Rus'-Cumans' campaigns Kievan Rus' Cumans Different results
1069
1074
1077
Bolesław II the Generous's raids on Rus' Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland Defeats
1076 Bolesław II the Generous's raid on Bohemia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland
Kievan Rus'
Přemyslovci erb.svg Duchy of Bohemia Polish victory
1092 Ruthenian and Cuman raid on Poland Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland Victory
1101 Ruthenian and Cuman raid on Poland Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland Victory
1120 Ruthenian and Cuman raid on Poland Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland Victory
1139–1142 Fights between Duchy of Masovia and Rus' Kievan Rus' Księstwo Mazowieckie COA.svg Bolesław IV the Curly Victory
1147 Bolesław IV the Curly's raid on Old Prussians POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Bolesław IV the Curly
Kievan Rus'
Old Prussians Bolesław IV the Curly's victory
1187 Ruthenian raid on Lesser Poland Alex K Halych 2.svg Principality of Halych POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Casimir II the Just Victory
1188–1189 Béla III's military campaign against Halych Alex K Halych 2.svg Principality of Halych Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary Defeat
1189 Casimir II the Just's raid on Halych Coa Hungary Country History Bela III (1172-1196).svg Kingdom of Hungary
Alex K Halych 2.svg Principality of Halych
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Casimir II the Just Defeat
1205 Roman the Great's raid on Poland Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White Defeat. Death of Roman the Great.
1207 Leszek I the White's raid on Rus' Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White
Księstwo Mazowieckie COA.svg Konrad I of Masovia
Defeat
1213–1214
1219
1233–1234
Andrew II's military campaigns against Halych Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary Victory. Hungarian retreat.
1214 Leszek I the White's raid on Volodymyr-Volynskyi Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary
Defeat
1218–1221 Polish-Hungarian-Ruthenian War Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary
Victory
1223–1240 Mongol invasion of Rus'
(see also List of Tatar and Mongol raids against Rus')
Vladimir-Suzdal
Alex K Kyiv Michael 2.svg Kyiv
Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Galicia-Volhynia
Nowogród.svg Novgorod Republic
Smolensk
Turov and Pinsk
Rostov
Chernigov
Ryazan
Pereyaslavl
Mongol Empire Defeat. Principalities of the Russian State became vassals of the Mongol Empire.

Grand Principality of Moscow (1480–1547)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
Lithuanian–Muscovite War (1368–72) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Principality of Tver

Inconclusive
Battle of Shelon (July 14, 1471) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Novgorod Republic Victory
  • Novgorod was joined to the Principality of Moscow in 1478
Great stand on the Ugra river (8 October 1480) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Golden Horde flag 1339.svg Golden Horde Victory
  • End of Mongol rule
Capture of Tver (1485) (ru) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Principality of Tver Victory
  • End of the Principality of Tver
First Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1492–1494) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania Victory
Russo-Swedish War (1495–1497) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Inconclusive
Second Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1500–1503) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order

Victory
Russo-Kazan War (1505–07) (ru) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Khanate of Kazan Inconclusive
Third Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1507–1508) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Inconclusive
Fourth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1512–1522) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow

Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order

Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Fifth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1534–1537) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Indecisive

Tsardom of Russia (1547–1721)[edit]

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
Siege of Kazan (1552)
Location: Tatarstan
Qolsharif and his students defend their madrassa and the Qolsharif mosque
Russia Flag of the Kazan Khanate.svg Kazan Victory
Tatar Rebellion (1552–1556)
Location: Tatarstan
Russia Tatar rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Ivan the Terrible's Swedish War (1554–1557)
Location: Karelia
Russia Sweden Inconclusive
Russian conquest of Astrakhan (1556)
Location: Astrakhan
Russia Astrakhan Victory
Livonian War (1558–1583)
Location: Northern Europe
Russia troops besiege Narva in 1558
Russia
Livonia
Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Confederation
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark–Norway
Sweden
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania

(before 1569 the Polish–Lithuanian union)

Defeat
Astrakhan Expedition (1568–1570)
Location: Astrakhan and Azov
Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey

Military flag of the Crimean Tatars.svg Crimea

Victory
  • Treaty of Constantinople (1570)
Ivan the Terrible's Crimean War (1570–1572)
Location: European Russia
Russia Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea
Ottoman Empire Turkey
Victory
  • Crimean invasion of Russia repelled
Russian conquest of Siberia (1580–1762)
Location: Siberia
Yermak's Conquest of Siberia
Russia Khanate of Sibir (until 1598)
Native Siberians
Victory
Boris Godunov's Swedish War (1590–1595)
Location: Northern Europe
Russia Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Inconclusive
Polish invasions of Russia (1605–1618)
Location: Russia
The Poles surrender the Moscow Kremlin to Prince Pozharsky in 1612
Russia
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (1609–1610)
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Poland–Lithuania Inconclusive
Bolotnikov Rebellion (1606–1607)
Location: Russia
Bolotnikov's battle with the Tsar's army at Nizhniye Kotly near Moscow
Russia Rebels under Ivan Bolotnikov Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Ingrian War (1610–1617)
Location: Russia
Depiction of Russian troops in 1611
Russia Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Defeat
Smolensk War (1632–1634)
Location: Smolensk
Russian troops storm Smolensk
Russia Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania Defeat
Alexis I's Persian War (1651–1653)
Location: North Caucasus
Russia Safavid Flag.svg Persia Inconclusive
Sino–Russian border conflicts (1652–1689)
Location: Heilongjiang and Amur
Russian fort under attack by Chinese troops
Russia
Cossacks
Qing dynasty China
Joseon Korea
Defeat
First Northern War (1654–1667)
Location: Eastern Europe
Russia
Herb Viyska Zaporozkogo (Alex K).svg Cossack Hetmanate
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimea

Victory
Second Northern War (1656–1658)
Location: Northern Europe
Russian troops besiege Riga in 1656
Russia Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Inconclusive
Moscow Uprising (1662)
Location: Moscow
Copper Riot in Moscow
Russia Muscovite insurgents Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
First Bashkir Rebellion (1662–1664)
Location: Bashkortostan
Russia Bashkir rebels Inconclusive
Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept Bashkir demands
Solovetsky Monastery Uprising (1668–1676)
Location: Solovetsky Islands
Voivode Meshcherinov puts down the Solovki Rebellion
Russia Raskol rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Razin's Rebellion (1670–1671)
Location: Russia
Razin's rebels in Astrakhan
Russia Cossacks under Stepan Razin Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Feodor III's Turkish War (1676–1681)
Location: Ukraine
Russia Ottoman flag.svg Turkey

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimea

Indecisive[1]
First Streltsy Rebellion (1682)
Location: Moscow
A scene from the uprising: The Streltsy take away Natalia Naryshkina's brother; young Peter the Great tries to console his mother, while Sophia watches the whole scene in satisfaction
Russia Streltsy regiments Defeat
Great Turkish War (1683–1700)
Location: Eastern Europe
Russian troops capture Azov
Russia (from 1686)
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg Austria
Poland–Lithuania

Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate

Ottoman flag.svg Turkey

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimea

Victory
Second Streltsy Rebellion (1698)
Location: Russia
Execution of the Streltsy in Red Square
Russia Streltsy regiments Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Great Northern War (1700–1721)
Location: Europe
Russian troops assault the island fortress of Nöteborg

Russian troops capture Narva
Russia Denmark Denmark–Norway
(1700, 1709–)
 Saxony
(1700–6, 1709–)
Poland–Lithuania
(1700–4, 1709–)
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1700–8)
 Prussia (1715–)
Province of Hanover Hanover (1715–)

 Great Britain (1717–19)

Sweden Sweden
Wappen Herzogtum Holstein 1703.gif Holstein-Gottorp
Poland–Lithuania (1704–9)
Ottoman flag.svg Turkey (1710–4)
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1708–9)

 Great Britain (1700, 1719–21)

Victory

Victory against Sweden

Defeat against Turkey

Third Bashkir Rebellion (1704–1711)
Location: Bashkortostan and Tatarstan
Russia Bashkir rebels Military victory
Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept some Bashkir demands
Bulavin Rebellion (1707–1708)
Location: Southern Russia
Russia Flag of Don Cossacks.svg Don Cossack rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Peter the Great's Khivan War (1717)
Location: Khiva
Russia Khiva Defeat
  • Russian invasion of Khiva repelled
Kazakh-Russian conflicts (1717–1847)
Location: Kazakhstan
 Russia

Bashkirs
Cossack rebels

Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz tribes
Khiva
Victory

Russian Empire (1721–1917)[edit]

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
Persian Expedition of Peter the Great (1722–1723)
Location: Caucasus and northern Iran
 Russia
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate
Armenia
Georgia
Flag of Shah Tahmasp I.svg Persia
 Turkey
Victory
War of the Polish Succession (1733–1738)
Location: Poland and Rhineland
Depiction of the Siege of Danzig by Russian and Saxon forces in 1734
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under

Augustus III of Poland
Russian Empire Russia
 Austria
 Saxony
 Prussia

Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under

Stanisław Leszczyński
 France
 Spain
 Sardinia

Indecisive
Russo–Austro–Turkish War (1735–1739)
Location: Eastern Europe
 Russia

Habsburg Monarchy Austria

 Turkey Victory
Fourth Bashkir Rebellion (1735–1740)
Location: Bashkortostan
 Russia
  • Russian Empire pro-Russian Bashkirs
Bashkir rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
  • Establishment of Orenburg
War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748)
Location: Europe
 Austria
 Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover

 Russia (1741–43, 1748)
 Dutch Republic
 Saxony (1743–45)
 Sardinia

 Prussia
(1740–42) (1744–45)
Spain Spain (1740–1746)
 France
Bavaria Bavaria (1741–45)
 Saxony (1741–42)
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples and Sicily
 Genoa

Sweden Sweden (1741–43)

Inconclusive

Victory against Sweden

Seven Years' War (1756–1763)
Location: Europe
Russian troops in Kolberg in 1761
 France
 Austria
 Spain
 Sweden
 Russia (1756–1762)
 Saxony
 Prussia
 Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Portugal
Hesse Hesse-Kassel
Schaumburg-Lippe

Flag of the Iroquois Confederacy.svg Iroquois Confederacy

White peace
Koliyivshchyna Rebellion (1768–1769)
Location: Ukraine
Camp of Haidamakas
 Russia
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania
Haidamaky Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
War of the Bar Confederation (1768–1772)
Location: Poland
The Bar Confederates pray before the Battle of Lanckorona
 Russia Kingdom of France France

Poland Bar Confederation

Victory
Catherine the Great's First Turkish War (1768–1774)
Location: Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Mediterranean
Destruction of the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Chesma
 Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
Pugachev's Rebellion (1773–1775)
Location: Russia
Russian Cossack troops march during the rebellion
 Russia Rebels under Yemelyan Pugachev
 Turkey
Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Catherine the Great's Second Turkish War (1787–1792)
Location: Eastern Europe
Russian troops storm the fortress of Ochakov
 Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
Catherine the Great's Swedish War (1788–1790)
Location: Finland, western Sweden and Baltic Sea
Russian fleet during the Battle of Vyborg Bay
 Russia Sweden Sweden Inconclusive
Catherine the Great's Polish War (1792)
Location: Poland
Russian troops after the Battle of Zieleńce
 Russia
Targowica Confederation
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania Victory
Kościuszko Uprising (1794)
Location: Poland
 Russia
Kingdom of Prussia Prussia
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania Victory
Persian Expedition of Catherine the Great (1796)
Location: North Caucasus and South Caucasus
 Russia Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persia Withdrawal
War of the Second Coalition (1799–1802)
Location: Europe
Suvorov victorious at the Battle of Trebbia
 Austria
 Holy Roman Empire
 Britain
 Russia (until 1799)
Kingdom of France French Royalists
Portugal
 Two Sicilies

 Turkey

France France
 Spain
Denmark Denmark-Norway
Poland Polish Legions

French client states

Withdrawal (in 1799)
  • French victory in 1802
War of the Third Coalition (1803–1806)
Location: Europe
Capture of a French regiment's standard by the cavalry of the Russian Guards
 Austria
 Russia
 United Kingdom
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Portugal
 Sweden
France France

French client states

Defeat
Alexander I's Persian War (1804–1813)
Location: North Caucasus, South Caucasus and northern Iran
Russian troops storm the fortress of Lankaran
 Russia Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persia Victory
War of the Fourth Coalition (1806–1807)
Location: Eastern and Central Europe
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Saxony
 Sweden
 Russia

Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily

France France

French client states

 Spain
Confederation of the Rhine
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Italy
Kingdom of Naples Naples

Polish Legions

Defeat
Alexander I's Turkish War (1806–1812)
Location: Romania, Moldova, Caucasus and Black Sea
Russian Fleet after the Battle of Athos
 Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
Finnish War (1808–1809)
Location: Finland and Sweden
 Russia Sweden Sweden Victory
War of the Fifth Coalition (1809)
Location: Central Europe
France France
Confederation of the Rhine
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Italy
Spain Spain
Warsaw
 Russia
 Austria
 United Kingdom
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily
 Sardinia
Victory (limited involvement)
French invasion of Russia (1812)
Location: Russia
General Raevsky leading a detachment of the Russian Imperial Guard at the Battle of Saltanovka
 Russia France France

French client states

Victory
  • French invasion repelled
  • Destruction of Napoleon's Grand Army
War of the Sixth Coalition (1813–1814)
Location: Europe
Russian Bashkir troops in Paris in 1814
 Austria
 Prussia

 United Kingdom
 Sweden
 Russia
Spain Spain
Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia

France France

French client states

Victory
War of the Seventh Coalition (1815)
Location: Europe
 Austria
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Russia
Province of Hanover Hanover

Nassau
Brunswick
 Sweden
 United Netherlands
 Spain
Portugal
 Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Tuscany Tuscany
Switzerland Switzerland
Kingdom of France French Royalists

France France
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Victory
Caucasian War (1817–1864)
Location: Caucasus
Imam Shamil surrenders to Russian forces
Russian Empire Russia
Mingrelia
Banner of Guria.svg Guria
Thirdimamateflag.svg Caucasian Imamate
Flag of Adygea.svg Circassia
Kabarda3.gif Big Kabarda (until 1825)
Flag of Abazinia.svg Abkhazian insurgents
Flag of the Lak People v2.svg Kazi-Kumukh
Dagestan free people
Khunz Wolf 3b.svg Avaria (1829–1859)
Geo svan.JPG Svaneti
Victory
Decembrist Revolt (1825)
Location: Saint Petersburg
Decembrists at the Senate Square
Russian Empire Russia Decembrist rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt
Nicholas I's Persian War (1826–1828)
Location: South Caucasus and northern Iran
Russian and Persian troops clash near Elisabethpol
Russian Empire Russia Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persia Victory
Battle of Navarino
Russian squadron bombarding the Ottoman fleet
 United Kingdom
France France
 Russia
 Turkey Victory
Nicholas I's Turkish War (1828–1829)
Location: Balkans and Caucasus
Russian troops besiege Kars in 1828
 Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
November Uprising (1830–1831)
Location: Poland
Russian and Polish forces clash during the Battle of Ostrołęka
 Russia Poland Poland Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Second Turko–Egyptian War (1839–1841)
Location: Syria and Lebanon
United Kingdom Britain
Austrian Empire Austria
Russian Empire Russia
Ottoman Empire Turkey
Flag of Egypt (1844-1867).svg Egypt
France France
Spain Spain
Victory
  • Egypt renounced its claim to Syria
Russian conquest of Central Asia (1839–1895)
Location: Central Asia
Russian troops cross the Oxus at Sheik Arik on 30 May 1873
Russian Empire Russia Kazakh Khanate.svg Kazakhstan
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara
Khiva
Bandera de Kokand.svg Kokand
Turkmen tribes
Kyrgyz tribes
Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan
Victory
Gurian Rebellion (1841)
Location: Georgia
Russian Empire Russia Gurian rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Shoorcha Rebellion (1842)
Location: Tatarstan and Ulyanovsk
 Russia Tatar, Mari and Chuvash peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Hungarian Revolution of 1848 (1848–1849)
Location: Hungary
Hungarian troops surrender to the Russians at Világos
Austrian Empire Austria

Russian Empire Russia

1848as zaszlo.png Hungary

Flag of Poland.svg Polish legions
Flag of Germany.svg German legion
Viennese legion
Olasz légió zászló 1849 1.jpg Italian legion

Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Crimean War (1853–1856)
Location: Crimea, Balkans, Caucasus, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, White Sea and Far East
Russian troops and French zouaves engaged in hand-to-hand combat at Malakhov Kurgan
 Russia France
 Turkey
 Britain
 Sardinia
Defeat
Mahtra Rebellion (1858)
Location: Estonia
Russian Empire Russia Estonian peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Bezdna Revolt (1861)
Location: Tatarstan
Russia Peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt
January Uprising (1863–1864)
Location: Poland
Russian troops in Warsaw during the uprising
Russia Coat of arms of the January Uprising.svg Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian insurgents Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Polish Rebellion in Siberia (1866)
Location: Siberia
Russia Polish political exiles Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Alexander II's Turkish War (1877–1878)
Location: Balkans and Caucasus
Russian crossing of the Danube in June 1877
Russia
Samara flag.png Bulgarian volunteers
Romania Romania
Serbia Serbia
 Montenegro
Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
Boxer Rebellion (1899–1901)
Location: China
Russian officers in Manchuria during the rebellion
Eight-Nation Alliance:

 Japan
 United Kingdom
 Russia
France France
 United States
 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Italy

Righteous Harmony Society

 China

Victory
Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905)
Location: Manchuria, Korean Peninsula and Yellow Sea
Russian cavalry in a reconnaissance mission during the Battle of Mukden
 Russia
 Montenegro
 Japan Defeat
Russian Revolution of 1905 (1905–1907)
Location: Russia
A barricade erected by revolutionaries in Moscow
 Russia Revolutionaries Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Persian Constitutional Revolution (1905–1911)
Location: Iran
Russian flag over Arg of Tabriz
Persia
 Russia (from 1906)
Iranian constitutionalists Victory
First World War (1914–1918)
Location: Europe and Asia
Russian troops going to the front

Attack of Russian cavalry

Russian trenches in the forests of Sarikamish
Allies:

 France
 United Kingdom
Russian Empire Russia (until March 1918)
 United States
Republic of China (1912–49) China
 Italy
 Japan
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
 Serbia
 Romania
 Belgium
 Greece
 Portugal
 Brazil

Central Powers:

 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Turkey
 Bulgaria

Defeat
Central Asian Revolt (1916–1934)
Location: Central Asia
Soviet troops on Turkestan front in 1922
Russian Empire Russia (until 1917)
 Soviet Union (from 1917)
Basmachi

Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg Khiva
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara
Flag of Afghanistan (1929).svg Afghanistan

Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt

Russian SFSR (1917–1922)[edit]

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Results
Russian Civil War (1917–1922)
Location: former Russian Empire, Iran and Mongolia
Red Army troops attack Kronstadt sailors in March 1921

Soviet troops during the Battle of the Niemen River

Stalin, Voroshilov and Shchadenko in the trenches of Tsaritsyn
 Russian SFSR
Ukrainian SSR (from 1919)
Byelorussian SSR (from 1920)
 Far Eastern Republic (from 1920)
Mongolian Communists
Other Soviet republics

Makhnovshchina
Left SR
Green armies

Russia White Movement

Newly emerged republics


Allied Intervention


Pro-German armies


Green armies (1920)


Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine (1920–1921)


Tambov (1920–1921)
Kronstadt rebels
Left SR


Bandera del Turquestan.svg Basmachi
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara
Khiva


Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire


Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921).svg Mongolia

Mixed

Soviet Union (1922–1991)[edit]

Conflict Soviet Union (and its allies) Opponent(s) Results
August Uprising (1924)
Location: Georgia
 Soviet Union Committee for Independence of Georgia Victory
  • Consolidation of Soviet rule in Georgia
Sino-Soviet conflict (1929)
Location: Manchuria
Soviet soldiers with captured Kuomintang banners
 Soviet Union  China Victory
  • Upholding of the provisions of 1924 agreement
Kumul Rebellion (1931–1934)
Location: Xinjiang
Taiwan Xinjiang
 Soviet Union (from 1934)
Russian Empire White Movement
 China
Kumul Khanate loyalists

First East Turkestan Republic East Turkestan

Ceasefire
Soviet–Japanese border conflicts (1932–1941)
Location: Primorsky, Mongolia and Manchuria
Soviet BT-7 tanks on the offensive
 Soviet Union
 Mongolia
 Japan
 Manchukuo
Victory
Islamic Rebellion in Xinjiang (1937)
Location: Xinjiang
Soviet forces in southern Xinjiang
Taiwan Xinjiang
 Soviet Union
Russian Empire White Movement
 China Victory
  • Establishment of the rule of Sheng Shica's regime over the whole territory of Xinjiang
Second World War (1939–1945)
(Includes Winter War, Invasion of Poland, Soviet occupation of the Baltic states, Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina)
Location: Asia, Europe and Africa
Soviet marines landing on the west bank of the Volga River

Soviet PTRD anti-tank rifle team during the fighting

Soviet artillery bombarding German positions during the Battle of the Seelow Heights
Allies
 Soviet Union (from 1941)
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 British Malaya
 British Burma
 British India
 South Africa
 Yugoslavia
 Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil
 Mexico
 Ethiopia
 Cuba
 Mongolia
 Philippines
North Vietnam Viet Minh
Korea KLA

 Finland (1944-5)

Axis powers


 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
 Italian Social Republic
Vichy France Vichy France
 Hungary
 Romania
 Bulgaria
 Iraq
 Finland (1941-4)
 Thailand
 Manchukuo
 Mengjiang
 Croatia
 Slovakia
Myanmar Burma
India Azad Hind
 Kampuchea
Laos Laos
Vietnam
 Philippines
Russian Empire White Movement (pro-German part)
 Albania

Victory
Ukrainian Insurgent Army Insurgency (1942–1949)
Location: Ukraine
Roman Shukhevych, the leader of the UPA
 Soviet Union
Poland Poland
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia

 Nazi Germany (1943–1944)


Polish Underground State

Ukrainian Insurgent Army Victory
  • Crushing of the insurgency
Ili Rebellion (1944–1949)
Location: Xinjiang

Second East Turkestan Republic East Turkestan

Taiwan Republic of China Ceasefire
Insurgency in the Baltic states (1944–1956)
Location: Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia
Famous Estonian forest brother partisan fighter Ants "Ants the Terrible" Kaljurand
 Soviet Union  Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Victory
  • Crushing of the insurgency
Guerilla war in Poland (1944–1963)
Location: Poland
'Cursed soldiers' of the anti-communist underground
 Soviet Union
Polish People's Republic
Polish Underground State Victory
Korean War (1950–1953)
Location: North Korea and South Korea
A Soviet MiG-15 in North Korean markings. The arrival of MiGs challenged UN air superiority in Korea
 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
 United Nations
 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
Stalemate
East German Uprising (1953)
Location: East Germany
A Soviet IS-2 tank in Leipzig on 17 June 1953
 Soviet Union
East Germany East Germany
East German demonstrators Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Hungarian Revolution (1956)

Location: Hungary

Soviet T-54 tanks in Budapest
 Soviet Union
Hungary ÁVH
Revolutionaries Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia (1968)
Location: Czechoslovakia
Soviet tanks with invasion stripes in Czechoslovakia
 Soviet Union
Bulgaria
 East Germany
Hungary
Poland
Czechoslovakia Victory
Sino-Soviet border conflict (1969)
Location: Sino-Soviet border
 Soviet Union  China Inconclusive[5]
Tactical victory[6]
War of Attrition (1967–1970)
Location: Egypt
Soviet S-125 anti-aircraft type missiles in the Suez Canal vicinity
 Egypt
 Soviet Union (from 1969)
 Israel Inconclusive
  • Both sides claimed victory
  • Continuation of Israeli occupation of Sinai
Eritrean War of Independence (1974–1991)

Location: Eritrea

Ethiopia Ethiopia
 Cuba
 Soviet Union
 South Yemen
ELF
EPLF
Withdrawal (in 1990)
Political defeat
  • Eritrean victory in 1991
  • Fall of the communist government in Ethiopia
  • Independence of Eritrea
Angolan Civil War (1975–2002)
Location: Angola
Soviet and Cuban military advisors with MPLA troops in Angola
MPLA
 Cuba
 Soviet Union
Flag of South West Africa People's Organisation.svg SWAPO
African National Congress Flag.svg MK
 South Africa
UNITA
FNLA
FLEC
Withdrawal (in 1991)
Ethio-Somali War (1977–1978)
Location: Ogaden
Ethiopia
 Cuba
 South Yemen
 Soviet Union
Somalia Somalia
WSLF
Victory
Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan (1979–1989)

Location: Afghanistan

A Soviet Spetsnaz group prepares for a mission in Afghanistan
 Soviet Union
Afghanistan Afghanistan
Afghan Mujahideen Stalemate[7]
Political defeat

Russian Federation (1991–present)[edit]

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
Georgian Civil War (1991–1993)

Location: Georgia

Georgia (country) Georgia
 Russia
Georgia (country) Zviadists Victory
  • Zviadist revolt crushed
War in Abkhazia (1991–1993)

Location: Abkhazia

 Russia
 Abkhazia
 Georgia Victory
  • Abkhazia gained de facto independence
Transnistria War (1992)

Location: Transnistria

PMR trucks on the bridge between Tiraspol and Bendery
 Transnistria
 Russia
 Moldova Victory
  • Transnistria gained de facto independence
East Prigorodny Conflict (1992)

Location: North Ossetia-Alania

 Russia
North Ossetia-Alania North Ossetia-Alania[8]
Ingush militia Victory
Tajikistani Civil War (1992–1997)

Location: Tajikistan

Russian Spetsnaz troops dismount a tank during the war
 Tajikistan
 Russia
 Uzbekistan
Flag of Jihad.svg United Tajik Opposition
Afghanistan Taliban factions
Stalemate
Russian Constitutional Crisis (1993)

Location: Russia

 Russia Russia Supreme Soviet of Russia
Russia Congress of People's Deputies of Russia
Russia Vice President of Russia
RussiaRussiaFlag RNU.svg Russian EmpireSoviet Union[note 1] Supporters of the Supreme Soviet and Alexander Rutskoy
Victory
  • Imposition of Presidential rule by decree
  • Supreme Soviet, Congress, regional and local Soviets disbanded
  • Parliamentary election and constitutional referendum held in 1993
First Chechen War (1994–1996)

Location: Chechnya

A Chechen militiaman takes cover behind a burned-out Russian BMP-2 armoured vehicle
 Russia
  • Chechnya Chechen Opposition
Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Mujahideen
Defeat[9]
War of Dagestan (1999)

Location: Dagestan

Russian federal Spetsnaz forces in Dagestan
 Russia IIPB Victory
Second Chechen War (1999–2009)

Location: Chechnya

 Russia Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Caucasian Front
Mujahideen
Victory
Russo-Georgian War (2008)

Location: Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia

Tank-like vehicle with soldiers aboard
Russian BMP-2 from the 58th Army in South Ossetia
 Russia
 South Ossetia
 Abkhazia
 Georgia Victory
Insurgency in the North Caucasus (2009–present)

Location: North Caucasus

FSB Spetsnaz members during an anti-terrorist operation in Mskhachkala, Dagestan
 Russia Caucasus Emirate
 ISIL (from 2015)
Ongoing
  • Ongoing low-level insurgency
Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present)

Location: Ukraine and Crimea

Pro-Russian militants with captured vehicles in Sloviansk
 Russia
 Donetsk
 Luhansk
 Ukraine Ongoing
Russian military intervention in Syria (2015–present)

Location: Syria

Preparation of an aircraft of the Russian Air Force for combat sorties in Syria
 Russia
Syria
 Iran
 Iraq
InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah
 ISIL
Tahrir al-Sham
Syrian Opposition
 United States
 Jordan
 Qatar
 Saudi Arabia
 Turkey
Ongoing

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Supporters of Alexander Rutskoy, the Supreme Soviet and the Congress of People's Deputies frequently used those flags. The Russian tricolor itself only remained hoisted at the White House building (see video documentary).

References[edit]

  1. ^ David R. Stone, A Military History of Russia: From Ivan the Terrible to the War in Chechnya, (Greenwood Publishing, 2006), 41.
  2. ^ a b "Russian Civil War Polities" worldstatesmen.org
  3. ^ worldstatesmen.org
  4. ^ a b "Russian Civil War Polities" www.worldstatesmen.org/Russia_war.html
  5. ^ "Exploring Chinese History :: Politics :: Conflict and War :: Soviet Aggression". Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  6. ^ Kuisong p.29
  7. ^ "Soviet Defeat in Afghanistan". GlobalSecurity.org. 
  8. ^ "9. Вооруженные формирования в зоне конфликта". Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "Why the Russian Military Failed in Chechnya". Foreign Military Studies Office.