List of wars involving Saudi Arabia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of wars that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its predecessor states have been involved in.

Emirate of Diriyah[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Ibn Ufaisan's Invasion
(1793)
Diriyah Flag of Kuwait (?-1899).png Kuwait
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Great Britain
Defeat
  • Saudi retreat from Kuwait.
Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad
~?
Battle of Khakeekera[1]
(1811)
Diriyah Bahrain
Kuwait
Defeat
  • Invasion of Bahrain repelled.
Abdullah bin Saud
~300
Egyptian–Wahhabi War
(1811–1818)
Diriyah Egypt Eyalet Defeat
~11,000

Emirate of Nejd[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Rebellion against Egypt
(1821–1824)
Nejd Egypt Eyalet Victory
Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad
?
Nejd Civil War
(1865–1875)
Supporters of Rahman Supporters of Saud Victory to Saud's forces
  • Exile of Rahman, Saud becomes Imam.
Saud bin Faisal bin Turki
?
Al-Hasa Expedition[2][3]
(1870-1871)
Nejd Ottoman Empire
Flag of Kuwait (?-1899).png Kuwait
Defeat
?
Battle of Mulayda
(1891)
Nejd Al Rashid Defeat
Abdul Rahman bin Faisal
?

Emirate of Nejd and Hasa[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
First Saudi–Rashidi War
(1903–1907)
Nejd and Hasa Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Victory
  • Saudi takeover of central and northern Arabia.
Ibn Saud
At least 937
Battle of Hadia[5]
(1910)
Nejd and Hasa
Flag of Kuwait (1909-1915).svg Kuwait
Al-Muntafiq Victory
  • Defeat of the Al Muntafiq tribe.
?
Conquest of al-Hasa
(1913)
Nejd and Hasa
Ikhwan
Ottoman flag.svg Ottoman Empire Victory
  • Incorporation of al-Hasa into Saudi Arabia.
?
First Saudi-Hashemite War
(1918–1919)
Nejd and Hasa
Ikhwan
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg Hejaz Victory
  • Hashemite land cessions.
?
Kuwait–Najd War
(1919–1920)
Nejd and Hasa
Ikhwan
Kuwait Defeat
  • Ikhwan retreat from Kuwait.
?
Second Saudi–Rashidi War
(1921)
Nejd and Hasa Jabal Shammar Victory
?

Sultanate of Nejd[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Second Saudi-Hashemite War
(1924–1925)
Nejd
Ikhwan
Flag of Hejaz 1920.svg Hejaz Victory
  • Incorporation of Hejaz.
Ibn Saud
?

Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Ikhwan Revolt
(1927–1930)
Hejaz and Nejd
Kuwait
 United Kingdom
Ikhwan Victory
  • Ikhwan defeat.
Ibn Saud
At least 700

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Saudi–Yemeni War
(1934)
Saudi Arabia Yemen Victory
  • Yemeni invasion of Saudi Arabia repelled.
Ibn Saud
?
First Arab-Israeli War
(1948–1949)
Egypt Egypt
 Iraq
Jordan Transjordan
Syria Syria
 Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg HWA
Arab League ALA
 Israel Defeat
?
North Yemen Civil War
(1962–1965)
Kingdom of Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
 Egypt
Yemen Arab Republic
Defeat
  • Saudi Arabia stopped supplying the royalists.
Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
~1,000 soldiers
and civilians
Al-Wadiah War
(1969)
 Saudi Arabia  South Yemen Victory
  • al-Wadiah reoccupied by Saudi forces.
?
Ramadan War
(1973)
 Egypt
 Syria
 Jordan
Iraq Iraq
 Algeria
Morocco Morocco
 Saudi Arabia
 Kuwait
 Cuba
 Tunisia
 Israel Defeat[6]
None
Grand Mosque Seizure
(1979)
 Saudi Arabia Ikhwan Victory
Khalid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
127 soldiers
11 civilians
Gulf War
(1990–1991)
 Kuwait
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Canada
 Egypt
 Syria
 Morocco
 Oman
 Qatar
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg Iraq Victory
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
24 soldiers
1 civilian
Operation Scorched Earth
(2009–2010)
 Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
 Jordan
 Morocco
Houthis Logo.png Houthis Indecisive
  • Houthis consolidate control over Sa'dah, eventually dissolving the Yemeni government.
Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
133 soldiers
4 civilians
Intervention against ISIS
(2014–)
 Iraq
 Iraqi Kurdistan
Syria Free Syrian Army
Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Syrian Kurdistan
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 United Kingdom
 Jordan
 Turkey
 Morocco
 Australia
 Belgium
 Canada
 Denmark
 France
 Bahrain
 Qatar
 Saudi Arabia
 UAE
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State
al-Qaeda
Ahrar ash-Sham
Ongoing
  • Unilateral US-Arab intervention against Syrian Islamists.
3 soldiers
Intervention in Yemen
(2015–)
Yemen Hadi government
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Southern Movement
 Saudi Arabia
 UAE
 Bahrain
 Kuwait
 Qatar
 Jordan
 Morocco
 Sudan
 Egypt
 Senegal
Yemen Houthi government
Al-Qaeda
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State
Ongoing
  • Houthis dissolve Yemeni government.
  • Houthis take control of northern Yemen.
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
66 soldiers
14 civilians
Conflict in Najran, Jizan and Asir
(2015–)
 Saudi Arabia
 Qatar
Yemen Houthi government Ongoing
  • Houthis capture several villages on the Saudi side of its border with Yemen.
  • Houthis shell Saudi settlements, most notably Najran.
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
58 soldiers
13 civilians

References[edit]

  1. ^ ar:معركة خكيكرة
  2. ^ ar:عبد الله الثاني الصباح#cite note-2
  3. ^ Abu-Hakima, Ahmad Mustafa. "The Expedition Route, Midhat Pasha in Al-Hasa, Kuwait's Role in the Ottoman Expedition 1871-1873, Abd Allah's Direct Role in the War." The Modern History of Kuwait, 1750-1965. London: Luzac &, 1983. 85-89. Print.
  4. ^ Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009-01-01). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. pp. 320–321. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  5. ^ ar:معركة هدية
  6. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Double Day and Company, Inc, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • 0-313-31302-4&lr=#v=onepage&q=&f=false Revisiting The Yom Kippur War, P.R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.
  7. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It - American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Part of a series on the
History of Saudi Arabia
Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia

External links[edit]