List of wars involving Saudi Arabia

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This is a list of wars that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its predecessor states have been involved.

First Saudi state[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Battle of Riyadh
(1746)
First Saudi state Emirate of Riyadh Victory
  • Debellation of the Emirate of Riyadh.
Muhammad bin Saud
~1700
Battle of Al-Hayer
(1764)
First Saudi state Bani Khalid Defeat
Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad
~500
Battle of ghrimeel
(1789)
First Saudi state Bani Khalid Victory
~?
Ibn Ufaisan's Invasion
(1793)
First Saudi state Flag of Kuwait (?-1899).png Kuwait
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Great Britain
Defeat
  • Saudi retreat from Kuwait.
~?
Invasion of Qatar
(1798-1793)
First Saudi state Qatar
Bahrain
Oman[1]
Ottoman Empire[2]
Victory
  • Incorporation of Qatar into First Saudi State.
~?
Invasion of Karbala
(1802)
First Saudi state Baghdad Eyalet
Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • Saudi takeover of Karbala.
None
Battle of Khakeekera[3]
(1811)
First Saudi state Bahrain
Kuwait
Defeat
  • Invasion of Bahrain repelled.
Abdullah bin Saud
~300
Ottoman–Saudi War
(1811–1818)
First Saudi state Egypt Eyalet
Ottoman Empire
Defeat
~11,000

Second Saudi state[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Rebellion against Egypt Eyalet
(1821–1824)
Second Saudi state Egypt Eyalet Victory
Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad
?
Saudi Civil War
(1865–1875)
Supporters of Rahman Supporters of Saud Victory to Saud's forces
  • Exile of Rahman, Saud becomes Imam.
Saud bin Faisal bin Turki
?
Al-Hasa Expedition[4][5]
(1870-1871)
Second Saudi state Ottoman Empire
Flag of Kuwait (?-1899).png Kuwait
Defeat
?
Battle of Arwa
(1883)
Second Saudi state Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Defeat
?
Battle of Mulayda
(1891)
Second Saudi state Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Defeat
Abdul Rahman bin Faisal
~1000

Emirate of Nejd and Hasa[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Battle of Riyadh
(1902)
Nejd and Hasa Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Victory
Ibn Saud
9
Battle of Dilam
(1903)
Nejd and Hasa Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Victory
  • Saudi takeover of southern Nejd.
160
First Saudi–Rashidi War
(1903–1907)
Nejd and Hasa Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar
Ottoman flag.svg Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • Saudi takeover of central and northern Arabia.
At least 937
Battle of Hadia[7]
(1910)
Nejd and Hasa
Flag of Kuwait (1909-1915).svg Kuwait
Al-Muntafiq Victory
  • Defeat of the Al Muntafiq tribe.
?
Conquest of al-Hasa
(1913)
Nejd and Hasa
Ikhwan
Ottoman flag.svg Ottoman Empire Victory
  • Incorporation of al-Hasa into Saudi Arabia.
?
Battle of Jarrab
(1915)
Nejd and Hasa Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Defeat
?
battle of Kinzaan
(1915)
Nejd and Hasa Ajman tribe Victory
?
First Saudi-Hashemite War
(1918–1919)
Nejd and Hasa
Ikhwan
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg Hejaz Victory
  • Hashemite land cessions.
?
Kuwait–Najd War
(1919–1920)
Nejd and Hasa
Ikhwan
Kuwait Defeat
  • Ikhwan retreat from Kuwait.
?
Second Saudi–Rashidi War
(1921)
Nejd and Hasa Jabal Shammar Victory
?

Sultanate of Nejd[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi wins theoretically
Second Saudi-Hashemite War
(1924–1925)
Nejd
Ikhwan
Flag of Hejaz 1920.svg Hejaz Victory
  • Incorporation of Hejaz.
Ibn Saud
?

Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Ikhwan Revolt
(1927–1930)
Hejaz and Nejd
Kuwait
 United Kingdom
Ikhwan Victory
  • Ikhwan defeat.
Ibn Saud
At least 700

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Saudi–Yemeni War
(1934)
Saudi Arabia Yemen Victory
  • Yemeni invasion of Saudi Arabia repelled.
Ibn Saud
?
First Arab-Israeli War
(1948–1949)
Egypt Egypt
 Iraq
Jordan Transjordan
Syria Syria
 Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg HWA
Arab League ALA
 Israel Defeat
?
North Yemen Civil War
(1962–1965)
Kingdom of Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
 Egypt
Yemen Arab Republic
Defeat
  • Saudi Arabia stopped supplying the royalists.
Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
~1,000 soldiers
and civilians
Al-Wadiah War
(1969)
 Saudi Arabia  South Yemen Victory
  • al-Wadiah reoccupied by Saudi forces.
?
Ramadan War
(1973)
 Egypt
 Syria
Iraq Iraq
 Jordan
 Algeria
Morocco Morocco
 Saudi Arabia
 Cuba
 Israel Defeat[8]
None
Lebanese Civil War
(1975–1990)
Arab Deterrent Force:
 Saudi Arabia (1976-79)[10]
 Sudan
 Libya
 South Yemen
 United Arab Emirates
 Syria
 Lebanon Defeat
Khalid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
None
Grand Mosque Seizure
(1979)
 Saudi Arabia Ikhwan Victory
127 soldiers
11 civilians
Attacks on shipping
(1980–1988)
 Saudi Arabia  Iran Victory
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
None
Gulf War
(1990–1991)
 Kuwait
United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Canada
 Egypt
 Syria
 Oman
 Pakistan
 UAE
 Qatar
 Australia
Others
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg Iraq Victory
24 soldiers
1 civilian
Operation Scorched Earth
(2009–2010)
 Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
 Jordan
 Morocco
Houthis Logo.png Houthis Indecisive
  • Houthis consolidate control over Sa'dah.
Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
133 soldiers
4 civilians
Intervention against ISIS
(2014–)
 Iraq
 Iraqi Kurdistan
Free Syrian Army
Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Syrian Kurdistan
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 United Kingdom
 Jordan
 Turkey
 Morocco
 Australia
 Belgium
 Canada
 Denmark
 France
 Bahrain
 Qatar
 Saudi Arabia
 UAE
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State
al-Nusra Front
Khorasan
Ongoing
  • Unilateral US-Arab intervention against Syrian Islamists.
3 soldiers
Intervention in Yemen
(2015–)
Yemen Hadi government
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Southern Movement
 Saudi Arabia
 UAE
 Bahrain
 Kuwait
 Qatar
 Jordan
 Morocco
 Sudan
 Egypt
 Senegal
Yemen Houthi government
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Ansar al-Sharia
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State
Ongoing
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
429 soldiers[12]
~400 civilians[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Casey, Michael S. (2007). The History of Kuwait (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations). Greenwood. pp. 37–38. ISBN 978-0313340734. 
  2. ^ "'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [843] (998/1782)". qdl.qa. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  3. ^ ar:معركة خكيكرة
  4. ^ ar:عبد الله الثاني الصباح#cite note-2
  5. ^ Abu-Hakima, Ahmad Mustafa. "The Expedition Route, Midhat Pasha in Al-Hasa, Kuwait's Role in the Ottoman Expedition 1871-1873, Abd Allah's Direct Role in the War." The Modern History of Kuwait, 1750-1965. London: Luzac &, 1983. 85-89. Print.
  6. ^ Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009-01-01). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. pp. 320–321. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  7. ^ ar:معركة هدية
  8. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Double Day and Company, Inc, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • Revisiting The Yom Kippur War, P.R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2 ISBN 0-313-31302-4
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society[permanent dead link] Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.
  9. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It - American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  10. ^ Mays, Terry M. Historical Dictionary of Multinational Peacekeeping. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1996, pp. 9-10
  11. ^ Karsh, Efraim (25 April 2002). The Iran–Iraq War: 1980–1988. Osprey Publishing. pp. 1–8, 12–16, 19–82. ISBN 978-1841763712. 
  12. ^ a b Yemen's guerrilla war tests military ambitions of big-spending Saudis

Further reading[edit]

Part of a series on the
History of Saudi Arabia
Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia portal

External links[edit]