List of wars involving Turkey

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The following is a list of wars involving the Republic of Turkey.

Conflict Turkey
and allies
Opponents Results Turkish losses
Military Civilian
War of Independence
(1919-1923)
Ottoman Empire Ankara Government  Greece
Flag of Armenia (1918).png Armenia
France France
Ottoman Empire Istanbul Government
Georgia
 United Kingdom
 Italy
Victory[1]
~41,000
Unknown
Sheikh Said Rebellion
(1925)
 Turkey Sunni Zaza tribes Victory
  • Revolt suppressed.
Unknown
15,000–
250,000
Ararat Rebellion
(1927-1930)
 Turkey Republic of Ararat Victory
Unknown
4,500–
47,000
Dersim Rebellion
(1937–1938)
 Turkey Dersim tribes Victory
  • Revolt suppressed.
110
Unknown
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 South Korea
 North Korea
 China
Stalemate
904[2]
None
Turkish invasion of Cyprus
(1974)
 Turkey
Turkey TMT
Flag of Cyprus (1960-2006).svg Cyprus
 Greece
Victory
  • Turkish occupation of 36.2% of Cyprus.
568[3][4]
1,073[5][4]
Political violence in Turkey
(1976–1980)[6]
Turkey Turkish Armed Forces
Grey Wolves
TKP/ML
THKO
Devrimci Yol
1980 Turkish coup d'état
  • Violence abruptly stopped.[7]
5,388
(both sides)
Turkey–PKK Conflict
(1978–)
 Turkey PKK
PJAK
KDP/North
Ongoing
  • Solution process and ceasefire begins in 2013.
  • Truce collapses and renewed warfare begins in 2015.
7,230
~30'000
Operation Restore Hope
(1992–1995)
Somalia United Somali Congress Victory
  • Operation regarded as a success.[8]
None
None
Bosnian War
(1992–1995)
 Republika Srpska Victory
None
None
Iraqi Kurdish Civil War
(1997)
 Turkey
KDP
PUK
PKK
Victory
  • Peace treaty between the KDP and the PUK.
145
None
Kosovo War
(1998–1999)
Kosovo Liberation Army UÇK
 FR Yugoslavia Victory
None
None
War in Afghanistan
(2001–2014)
 Afghanistan
Afghanistan Taliban Ongoing
15
None
Libyan Civil War
(2011)
Libya NTC
 Qatar
History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi#Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011) Libya Victory
  • The NTC assumed interim control of Libya.
None
None
American-led intervention in Iraq
(2015–)
 Iraq
 Iraqi Kurdistan
 ISIS Ongoing
  • Turkish intervention in July 2015.
None
See below[9]
Operation Euphrates Shield
(2016–2017)
 Turkey
Syrian Opposition
 ISIS
SDF
IFB
Victory
71
See below[9]

Other armed conflicts involving Turkey[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chester Neal Tate, Governments of the world: a global guide to citizens' rights and responsibilities, Macmillan Reference USA/Thomson Gale, 2006, p. 205.
  2. ^ Including 163 missing
  3. ^ Haydar Çakmak: Türk dış politikası, 1919–2008, Platin, 2008, ISBN 9944137251, page 688 (Turkish); excerpt from reference: 415 ground, 65 navy, 5 air, 13 gendarmerie, 70 resistance (= 568 killed)
  4. ^ a b American University (Washington, D.C.). Foreign Area Studies; Eugene K. Keefe (1980). Cyprus, a country study. Foreign Area Studies, American University : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. Retrieved 5 December 2012. Authoritative figures for casualties during the two- phased military operation were not published; available estimates listed Greek Cypriot losses at 6,000 dead and Turkish losses at 1,500 dead and 2,000 wounded... 
  5. ^ Haydar Çakmak: Türk dış politikası, 1919–2008, Platin, 2008, ISBN 9944137251, page 688 (Turkish); excerpt from reference: 415 ground, 65 navy, 5 air, 13 gendarmerie, 70 resistance (= 568 killed)
  6. ^ Gil, Ata. "La Turquie à marche forcée," Le Monde diplomatique, February 1981.
  7. ^ Ustel, Aziz (2008-07-14). "Savcı, Ergenekon'u Kenan Evren'e sormalı asıl!". Star Gazete (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-10-21. Ve 13 Eylül 1980’de Türkiye’yi on yıla yakın bir süredir kasıp kavuran terör ve adam öldürmeler bıçakla kesilir gibi kesildi. 
  8. ^ "Operation Restore Hope". Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  9. ^ a b Several Turkish citizens have been killed in attacks claimed by ISIS. See Category:ISIL terrorist incidents in Turkey
  10. ^ http://metro.co.uk/2016/09/05/isis-cleared-from-border-with-turkey-6109548/
  11. ^ https://www.dailysabah.com/war-on-terror/2017/03/07/defence-minister-isik-turkey-will-prevent-unification-of-pyd-cantons-at-all-costs