List of wars involving the Philippines

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This is a list of direct armed conflicts involving the Philippines since its founding during the Philippine Revolution.[1]

List[edit]

Philippine Revolution (1896-1898)[edit]

Conflict Filipino People and Allies Spanish Colonial Government Results Leader of the Revolutionary Government
Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
(1896-1898)
A late 19th century photograph of armed Filipino revolutionaries, known as the Katipuneros.

Spanish prisoners of war in Manila.
1896-97

Sovereign Tagalog Nation


1897
 Republic of Biak-na-Bato


1898
Filipino Revolutionaries
Supported by:
 United States


1896-1898
 Sulu Sultanate

1896-1897

 Kingdom of Spain


1898
 Kingdom of Spain

Peace Treaty (1897)

Victory (1898)

Andres Bonifacio
(until 1897)
Andres Bonifacio.jpg

Emilio Aguinaldo
(since 1897)
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Cry of Pugad Lawin
(August 23, 1896)
Katipunan  Spain Start of the Revolution Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battle of Pasong Tamo
(August 28-29, 1896)
Bonifacio's Battle Flag.
Katipunan  Spain Defeat
  • Katipuneros retreat to Balara
  • Major revolts and uprisings began in other Provinces
Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battle of Manila of 1896
(August 29, 1896)
Katipunan  Spain Defeat Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battle of Noveleta
(August 30, 1896)
Memorial stone commemorating the battle
Katipunan  Spain Victory Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
First Cry of Cavite
(August 31, 1896)
Katipunan  Spain Victory Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Kawit revolt
(August 31, 1896)
Katipunan  Spain Victory Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battle of Imus
(September 1–3, 1896)
Monument of the battle in Imus
Katipunan  Spain Victory
  • Death of Gen. Ernesto de Aguirre
Andres Bonifacio
Cry of Nueva Ecija
(September 2-5, 1896)
Katipunan  Spain Tactical Victory
Strategic Defeat
Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battles of Batangas
(October 23, 1896)
Katipunan  Spain Defeat Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battle of San Mateo and Montalban
(August 29, 1896)
Katipunan  Spain Defeat
  • Start of the revolution in Morong.
Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battle of Binakayan-Dalahikan
(November 9-11, 1896)
Monument of the Battle of Binakayan.
Katipunan  Spain Victory
  • Filipino Revolutionaries occupy Cavite City
  • Spanish Government fail to recapture all of Cavite; Filipinos successfully liberate all of Cavite and most of Laguna, Batangas and Tayabas provinces afterwards
Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Revolution in Laguna
(November 15–16, 1896)
Historical Marker at the site of the battle, Pagsanjan, Laguna.
Katipunan  Spain Defeat
  • Defeat of Maluningning Katipunan Chapter.
Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battle of Pateros
(December 31, 1896 – January 3, 1897)
Katipunan  Spain 1st Phase: Victory (December 31, 1896)

2nd Phase: Inconclusive (January 1-2, 1987)
3rd Phase: Defeat (January 3, 1897)

Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battle of Kakarong de Sili
(January 1, 1897)
Maestrong Sebio after the battle.
Katipunan

Kakarong Republic

 Spain Defeat
  • Katipunan rebels wage guerrilla warfare in Bulacan province.
  • Dissolution of the Kakarong Republic
Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Cry of Tarlac
(January 24, 1897)
Katipunan  Spain Victory Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Cavite Offensive of 1897
(February 15-March 24, 1897)
Katipunan  Spain Defeat Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Battle of Zapote Bridge
(February 17, 1897)
The Zapote Bridge (1899) two years after the battle
Katipunan  Spain Victory Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio.jpg
Retreat to Montalban
(August, 1897)
Filipino Revolutionaries  Spain Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Raid at Paombong
(August 31, 1897)
Filipino Revolutionaries  Spain Victory Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Aliaga
(September 5–6, 1897)
Filipino Revolutionaries  Spain Victory Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Pact of Biak-na-Bato
(December 14, 1897)
The Filipino negotiators for the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. Seated from left to right: Pedro Paterno and Emilio Aguinaldo with five companions.

Filipino revolutionaries exiled to Hong Kong. Sitting on Emilio Aguinaldo's right is Lt. Col. Miguel Primo de Rivera, nephew and aide-de-camp of Fernando Primo de Rivera and father of Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera. Standing behind Aguinaldo is Col. Gregorio del Pilar. Miguel was held hostage until Aguinaldo's indemnity was paid. Standing behind Miguel and to his right is Pedro Paterno.
 Republic of Biak-na-Bato  Kingdom of Spain Peace Treaty
w/ General Amnesty

Provisions:

  • That Aguinaldo and his companions would go into voluntary exile abroad.
  • That Governor-General Primo de Rivera would pay the sum of P800,000 to the rebels in three installments:
    1. $400,000 (Mexican) to Aguinaldo upon his departure from Biak-na-Bató,
    2. $200,000 (Mexican) when the arms surrendered by the revolutionists amounted to 800 stand, and
    3. the remaining $200,000 (Mexican) when the arms surrendered amounted to 1,000 stand, Te Deum in the Cathedral in Manila as thanksgiving for the restoration of peace.
  • That Primo de Rivera would pay the additional sum of P900,000 to the families of the non-combatant Filipinos who suffered during the armed conflict.

Results:

  • Pres. Aguinaldo and twenty five other top officials of the revolution were banished to Hong Kong with $400,000 (Filipino) in their possession.
  • The rest of the men received $200,000 (Mexican), but the third installment was never received.
  • General amnesty was never declared because sporadic skirmishes continued.
  • Resumption of hostilities during Spanish–American War.
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Calamba
(May, 1898)
Filipino Revolutionaries  Spain Victory Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Manila Bay
(May 1, 1898)
Contemporary colored print, showing USS Olympia in the left foreground, leading the U.S. Asiatic Squadron against the Spanish fleet off Cavite. A vignette portrait of Rear Admiral George Dewey is featured in the lower left.
 United States  Spain Victory Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Alapan
(May 28, 1898)
Imus Heritage Park.
Filipino Revolutionaries  Spain Victory Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Tayabas
(May 28-June 15, 1898)
Filipino Revolutionaries  Spain Victory
  • Filipino revolutionaries recapture Tayabas province.
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Siege of Baler
(July 1, 1898 – June 2, 1899)
Filipino troops of Colonel Tecson in Baler, May 1899. Tecson is to the right of the cannon, Novicio to the left.

The Spanish soldiers who survived in Baler on their arrival in Barcelona.
Filipino Revolutionaries
(until January, 1899)
 República Filipina
(from January, 1899)
 Spain

 United States

Victory
  • Baler held beyond official cessation of hostilities and cession of Philippine Islands;
  • Failure of American relief efforts;
  • Negotiated armistice June 2, 1899
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Mock Battle of Manila
(August 13, 1898)
"Raising the American flag over Fort Santiago, Manila, on the evening of August 13, 1898." drawing from Harper's Pictorial History of the War with Spain.
 United States

Filipino Revolutionaries

 Spain Victory Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Siege of Masbate
(August 19, 1898)
Filipino Revolutionaries  Spain Victory
  • Establishment of Masbate revolutionary government
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg

Philippine-American War (1899-1913)[edit]

Conflict Filipino People United States Results President of República Filipina
Philippine-American War
Philippine–American War
February 4, 1899-July 2, 1902
Filipino soldiers outside Manila in 1899.

Wounded American soldiers at Santa Mesa, Manila in 1899
1899-1902
 República Filipina

Limited Foreign Support:
 Empire of Japan


1902-1906
Katagalugan flag.svg Tagalog Republic

1899-1902
 United States

1902-1906
 United States

Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
(until 1901)
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg

Miguel Malvar
(1901-1902)
Miguel malvar PG.jpg
Moro Rebellion
(1899-1913)
Datu Amil (sitting left), an influential leader of the Tausūgs in discussion with Captain W.O. Reed, US 6th Cavalry Regiment during the American Moro Campaigns. Amil was later killed by the Americans which marked the beginning of the end of the sovereignty of the Sulu Sultanate when the Americans abolished its power after the end of this battle when their region fell under American rule.
Moro Rebels
 Sulu Sultanate
 United States Defeat Sultan of Sulu
Various Moro Leaders
Battle of Manila
(February 4-5, 1899)
U.S. soldiers of the First Nebraska volunteers, company B, near Manila in 1899.
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Caloocan
(February 10, 1899)
Maj. Gen. Arthur MacArthur observing the battle.
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Second Battle of Caloocan
(February 22-24, 1899)
Filipinos attack the barracks of the 13th Minnesota Volunteers.
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Balantang
(March 10, 1899)
 República Filipina  United States Victory
  • Filipino troops retaking Jaro from the Americans.
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Marilao River
(March 27, 1899)
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Capture of Malolos
(March 31, 1899)
Filipino soldiers in Malolos
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Santa Cruz
(April 9-10, 1899)
Battle of Santa Cruz, Laguna (48th Squadron)
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Pagsanjan
(April 11, 1899)
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Paete
(April 12, 1899)
General Lawton campaigning in the Philippines, 1899
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Quingua
(April 23, 1899)
Kurz & Allison print of the Battle of Quingua
 República Filipina  United States 1st Phase: Victory

2nd Phase: Defeat

  • Filipinos retreated to the North.
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battles of Bagbag and Pampanga Rivers
(April 25–27, 1899)
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Santo Tomas
(May 4, 1899)
1st Nebraskan Volunteers advancing during the Battle of Santo Tomas.
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Zapote River
(June 13, 1899)
The reconnected Zapote River Bridge in 1899 being guarded by an American soldier after the battle on June 13, 1899. One span of the bridge was removed by the locals, substituted with a wooden span, which was burned down before the fighting.
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Olongapo
(September 18-23, 1899)
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of San Jacinto
(November 11, 1899)
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Tirad Pass[2]
(December 2, 1899)
Gen.Gregorio del Pilar and his troops, around 1898.
 República Filipina  United States Strategic Victory
Tactical Defeat
  • Death of General Gregorio del Pilar
  • Fall of the defence line
  • Filipino forces successfully delay the American advance
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Paye
(December 19, 1899)
Death of Major-General Henry Lawton during the battle.
 República Filipina  United States Initial Victory
  • Death of General Henry Ware Lawton
  • American's 29th Battalion successfully crossed the river at 11 am
  • Filipino forces retreated from San Mateo.
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Cagayan de Misamis
(April 7, 1900)
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Siege of Catubig
(April 15–19, 1900)
 República Filipina  United States Victory
  • Filipino guerillas force US from town after 4 days but at high cost
Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Agusan Hill
(May 14, 1900)
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Makahambus Hill
(June 4, 1900)
 República Filipina  United States Victory Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Pulang Lupa
(September 13, 1900)
 República Filipina  United States Victory Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Mabitac
(September 17, 1900)
Battle Monument
 República Filipina  United States Victory Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Battle of Lonoy
(March 5, 1901)
 República Filipina  United States Defeat Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo ca. 1919 (Restored).jpg
Balangiga massacre
(September 28, 1901)
Gen. Jacob Smith and his staff inspect the ruins of Balangiga in October 1901, a few weeks after the US punitive mission by Capt. Bookmiller and his troops.
Filipino civilians  United States Victory Miguel Malvar
Miguel malvar PG.jpg
Battle of Bayan
(May 2-3, 1902)
Battle of Bayan.jpg
Moro rebels  United States Defeat Sultan of Sulu
Various Moro Leaders
Hassan uprising
(October 1903-March 1904)
Moro rebels
 Sulu Sultanate
 United States Defeat Sultan of Sulu
Various Moro Leaders
Battle of Taraca
(April 1904)
Moro rebels  United States Defeat Sultan of Sulu
Various Moro Leaders
Battle of Dolores River
(December 12, 1904)
Pulajanes  United States Victory Sultan of Sulu
Various Moro Leaders
First Battle of Bud Dajo
(May 5-8, 1906)
U.S. soldiers pose with Moro dead after the battle
Moro rebels  United States Defeat Sultan of Sulu
Various Moro Leaders
Second Battle of Bud Dajo
(December 18-26, 1911)
Moro rebels  United States Defeat Sultan of Sulu
Various Moro Leaders
Battle of Bud Bagsak
(June 11-15, 1913)
BudBagsak.jpg
Moro rebels  United States Defeat Sultan of Sulu
Various Moro Leaders

Second World War-Pacific Theater (1941-1945)[edit]

Conflict Filipino People and Allies Empire of Japan and Filipino Collaborators Results President of the Commonwealth
Second World war
Japanese invasion of the Philippines
(1941-1942)
Japanese occupation of the Philippines
(1942-1944)
Allied liberation of the Philippines
(1944-1945)
Japanese Troops surrender to the 40th Infantry Division.
 United States of America
 Commonwealth of the Philippines
Hukbalahap
(Co-belligerent)
 Empire of Japan
Defeat

Occupation

Victory

Manuel L. Quezon
(until 1944)
Quezon.jpg

Sergio Osmeña
(since 1944)
Sergio Osmena photo.jpg
Battle of Bataan
(January 7-April 9, 1942)
Japanese tank column advancing in Bataan.
 Philippines
 United States
 Japan Defeat Manuel L. Quezon
Quezon.jpg
Battle of Corregidor
(May 5–6, 1942)
Victorious Japanese troops atop the Hearn Battery, May 6, 1942.
 Philippines
 United States
 Japan Defeat
  • Fall of Corregidor during the Japanese Invasion.
  • Surrender of Filipino-American forces to the Japanese.
Manuel L. Quezon
Quezon.jpg
Philippine resistance movement
(1942-1945)
Propaganda poster depicting the Philippine resistance movement.

Recognized Guerrilla Units

U.S-led Guerrillas
Chinese Guerrillas


Philippine Commonwealth military

 Japan

 Philippine Republic

Victory Manuel L. Quezon
(until 1944)
Quezon.jpg

Sergio Osmeña
(since 1944)
Sergio Osmena photo.jpg
The Great Raid (Raid at Cabanatuan)
(January 30, 1945)
Captain Pajota's guerrillas at Cabanatuan.

 Philippines
 United States
 Japan Allied victory
  • Liberation of 552 Allied prisoners of war
Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmena photo.jpg
Battle for the Recapture of Bataan
(January 31-February 21, 1945)
 Philippines
 United States
 Japan Allied victory Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmena photo.jpg
Battle of Manila
(February 3-March 3, 1945)
Aerial view of the destroyed Walled City of Intramuros taken on May 1945.

 Philippines
 United States
 Japan Allied victory
  • American troops and Filipino resistance liberate Santo Tomas Internment Camp, while the Filipino troops under the Commonwealth Army units are did not send and operated.
  • Liberated Malacanang Palace from the U.S. 1st Cavalry Division and the Filipino guerrillas, while the Filipino troops under the Commonwealth Army units are did not send and operated.
  • Sending of all 48,000 to 85,000 Filipino troops and military officers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army from the General Headquarters and Military Camp Base in Central and Southern Luzon and become to combat operated for the liberating battles in Manila and aiding guerrillas and Americans was attacking invaded from the Japanese Imperial Marines and Army forces.
  • Fall of Old Spanish Walled City of Intramuros from the joint American and Filipino ground troops aiding resistance force.
  • End for the Battle for the Liberation of Manila was finally cleared, U.S. and Filipino troops liberated around the capital city from the Japanese.
Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmena photo.jpg
Battle for the Recapture of Corregidor
(February 16–26, 1945)
The USS Claxton (DD-571) provides fire support during the Corregidor landings.
 United States  Japan Victory Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmena photo.jpg
Los Baños Raid
(February 23, 1945)
Painting of a guerrilla armed with a bolo knife disarming a Japanese sentry of his rifle.

 Philippines
 United States
 Japan Allied victory
  • Successful Allied military rescue operation
Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmena photo.jpg
Battle of Bessang Pass
(June 14, 1945)
 Philippines
 United States
 Japan Victory
  • Notable of First Filipino military victory during the liberation campaign
Sergio Osmeña
Sergio Osmena photo.jpg

Cold War (1947-1991)[edit]

Conflict Philippines and Allies Communist Bloc Results President of the Philippines
Cold War-era
Hukbalahap Rebellion
(1942-1954)
The red area on the map is Central Luzon, the main geographical area where the Huks are located. Manila is a few hours' drive to the south.

 Commonwealth of the Philippines
(until 1946)
 Republic of the Philippines
(since 1946)

Supported by:
 United States of America

Hukbalahap

Supported by:
 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics


 Empire of Japan
(until 1945)
 Second Philippine Republic
(1943-1945)

Victory
  • Huk rebellion ends
Manuel L. Quezon
(until 1944)
Quezon.jpg

Sergio Osmeña
(1944-1946)
Sergio Osmena photo.jpg

Manuel Roxas
(1946-1948)
Manuel A Roxas.jpg

Elpidio Quirino
(1948-1953)
ElpidioQuirino.jpg

Ramon Magsaysay
(1953-1954)
Ramon-Magsaysay-01.jpg
Korean War
(1950-1953)
Territory often changed hands early in the war, until the front stabilized.
 • North Korean and Chinese forces
 • South Korean, American, Commonwealth, Filipino and other United Nations forces
 Korea Republic

UN Command:
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Canada
 Turkey
 Australia
 Philippines
 New Zealand
 Thailand
 Ethiopia
 Greece
 France
 Colombia
 Belgium
 South Africa
 Netherlands
 Luxembourg

 Korea DPR

 China
 Soviet Union

Stalemate Elpidio Quirino
ElpidioQuirino.jpg
Operation Tomahawk
(March 23, 1951)
UN Command:
 Philippines
 United States
 China
 Korea DPR
Victory Elpidio Quirino
ElpidioQuirino.jpg
Battle of Yultong
(April 22-23, 1951)
UN Command:
 Philippines
 China Victory Elpidio Quirino
ElpidioQuirino.jpg
Battle of the Imjin River
(April 22–25, 1951)
American soldiers photographed on patrol at the Imjin river on 17 April 1951, just before the battle.
UN Command:
 Korea Republic
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Belgium
 Philippines
 Luxembourg
 Australia
 Canada
 New Zealand
 China Disputed Elpidio Quirino
ElpidioQuirino.jpg
Battle of Heartbreak Ridge
(September 13–October 15, 1951)
UN Command:
 Korea Republic
 France
 Philippines
 Netherlands
 United States
 Korea DPR
 China
Victory Elpidio Quirino
ElpidioQuirino.jpg
Battle of Hill Eerie
(March 21–July 18, 1952)
UN Command:
 Philippines
 United States
 China Victory Elpidio Quirino
ElpidioQuirino.jpg
Vietnam War
(1964–1973)
Masscared villager in hong Nhi and Phong Nut village, Quang Nam Province
 South Vietnam
 United States
 South Korea
 Thailand
 Australia
 New Zealand
 Philippines
Kingdom of Laos
 Cambodia
 North Vietnam
Viet Cong
Khmer Rouge
Laos Pathet Lao
 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
Allied Defeat

Paris Peace Accords lead to withdrawal of American forces from Indochina. Communist governments take power in South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.

Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos at the White House.jpg

CPP-NPA-NDF rebellion (1969-present)[edit]

Conflict Government Communists Results President of the Philippines
CPP-NPA-NDF Rebellion
CPP-NPA-NDF rebellion
(March 29, 1969 - present)[4]
Main hotspots of Communist activities in the Philippine archipelago.
 Republic of the Philippines

Supported by:
 United States of America
(advisors)

Communist Party of the Philippines

Supported by:
 Korea DPR

Indefinite Ceasefire declared Ferdinand Marcos
(1969-1986)
Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG

Corazon Aquino
(1986-1992)
Corazon Aquino 1986.jpg

Fidel Ramos
(1992-1998)
Ramos Pentagon.jpg

Joseph Estrada
(1998-2001)
Josephestradapentagon.jpg

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(2001-2010)
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg

Benigno Aquino III
(2010-2016)
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg

Rodrigo Duterte
(2016-present)
Rodrigo Duterte and Laotian President Bounnhang Vorachith (cropped).jpg
Battle of Macalangit
(September 9 – 12, 2007)
 Philippines Communist Party Victory Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg

Moro insurgency (1969-present)[edit]

Conflict Government Secessionist/Jihadists Results President of the Philippines
Moro Insurgency
Moro insurgency
(March 29, 1969 – present)
M101 howitzer was widely use as the artillery in the operation against the Moro insurgencies in Mindanao.

Map of the Philippines showing the still majority Moro-Muslim areas in Mindanao.
 Republic of the Philippines

Supported by:
 United States of America
(advisors)
 Russian Federation
 Commonwealth of Australia
 Republic of Indonesia
 Malaysia

Bangsamoro:
Moro National Liberation Front
(until 1996)
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
(until 2014)

Jihadist groups:
Abu Sayyaf
BIFF
Maute group
Khalifa Islamiyah Mindanao
Other Islamist groups

Cessation of armed conflict between the Government and MNLF/MILF
  • Ongoing conflict between the Government and Jihadist groups — Abu Sayyaf, Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters, and others
Ferdinand Marcos
(1969-1986)
Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG

Corazon Aquino
(1986-1992)
Corazon Aquino 1986.jpg

Fidel Ramos
(1992-1998)
Ramos Pentagon.jpg

Joseph Estrada
(1998-2001)
Josephestradapentagon.jpg

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(2001-2010)
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg

Benigno Aquino III
(2010-2016)
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg

Rodrigo Duterte
(2016-present)
Rodrigo Duterte and Laotian President Bounnhang Vorachith (cropped).jpg
Battle of Jolo
(February 4 – 11, 1974)
 Philippines MNLF Victory Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos at the White House.jpg
Patikul massacre
(October 10, 1977)
Memorial to AFP Brig. Gen. Teodulfo Bautista and his 34 men who were killed in Danag, Patikul, Sulu
 Philippines MNLF Defeat
  • Death of Brig. Gen. Teodulfo Bautista and his 34 men.
Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG
Pata Island massacre
(February 12, 1981)
 Philippines MNLF Defeat Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG
2000 Philippine campaign against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front
(February 15-July 9, 2000)
The 2000 Philippine campaign against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front predominantly took place in areas within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
 Republic of the Philippines Moro Islamic Liberation Front
  • Bangsamoro Islamic Armed Forces
Victory Joseph Estrada
Josephestradapentagon.jpg
Battle of Camp Abubakar
(July 1-9, 2000)
Positions of three Philippine Army brigades and two Philippine Marine Corps brigades in relation to Camp Abubakar's central complex during the sixth day of the battle.
 Philippines MILF Victory Joseph Estrada
Josephestradapentagon.jpg
Siege of Lamitan
(June 2, 2001)
 Philippines Abu Sayyaf Victory
  • 21 of 30 hostages rescued by government forces.
  • Abu Sayyaf forces escape with remaining hostages.
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg
2001 Misuari rebellion
(November 19-22, 2001)
Nur Misuari in 2009
 Philippines MNLF-Misuari Faction Victory Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg
Operation Enduring Freedom in the Philippines
(January 15, 2002–February 24, 2015)
 Republic of the Philippines

 United States of America (advisors)

Jihadist groups: Victory
  • Successful operation - Substantial reduction in capabilities of domestic and transnational terrorist groups operating in the Philippines.
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(2002-2010)
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg

Benigno Aquino III
(2010-2015)
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg
2007 Basilan beheading incident
(July 10-11, 2007)
 Philippines MILF
Abu Sayyaf
(suspected)
Victory Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg
Zamboanga City crisis
(September 9–28, 2013)
The Zamboanga City Hall where the MNLF intended to hoist the Bangsamoro Republik flag.
 Republic of the Philippines United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik Victory
  • The Bangsamoro Republik ceases to exist, as it doesn't have de facto control of any territory.
  • All hostages recovered.
  • Dissolution of Bangsamoro Republik.
  • Some "20 to 30" MNLF rebels, including Commander Malik, still at-large.
Benigno Aquino III
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg
Operation Darkhorse
(January 27-February 2, 2014)
 Philippines
MILF
(support)
BIFF Victory
  • Operations stopped in February 2, Temporary stops in terrorist and government offensives.
Benigno Aquino III
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg
2014 Battle of Basilan
(April 11-30, 2014)
 Philippines
MNLF
Abu Sayyaf
Rouge MNLF fighters
Jemaah Islamiyah
Victory Benigno Aquino III
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg
Mamasapano clash
(January 25, 2015)
The 44 police officers who perished during the clash.
 Republic of the Philippines


 United States of America
(intelligence, alleged ground troops support)

Jemaah Islamiyah-linked militants

Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters
Private militias
(allegedly)

'Defeated due to negliegence of the government Benigno Aquino III
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg
February 2016 Butig clash
(February 20, 2016)
 Philippines Maute group Victory Benigno Aquino III
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg
Battle of Tipo-Tipo
(April 9, 2016-present)
 Philippines Abu Sayyaf Ongoing Benigno Aquino III
(2016)
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg

Rodrigo Duterte
(2016-present)
Rodrigo Duterte and Laotian President Bounnhang Vorachith (cropped).jpg
November 2016 Butig clash
(February 20, 2016)
 Philippines
MILF
(Relief Aid)
Maute group Victory Rodrigo Duterte
Rodrigo Duterte and Laotian President Bounnhang Vorachith (cropped).jpg
2017 Bohol clash
(February 11, 2017)
 Philippines
Abu Sayyaf

Maute group
Ansar Khalifa Philippines

Victory
  • Planned kidnapping of foreign tourists is foiled.
Rodrigo Duterte
Rodrigo Duterte and Laotian President Bounnhang Vorachith (cropped).jpg
November 2016 Butig clash
(February 20, 2016)
 Philippines
MILF
(Relief Aid)
Maute group Victory Rodrigo Duterte
Rodrigo Duterte and Laotian President Bounnhang Vorachith (cropped).jpg
Marawi City crisis
(May 23, 2017–present)
BRP Tarlac in Iligan offloading military units meant to augment government forces fighting in Marawi.

Duterte briefs the 2nd Mechanized Infantry Brigade in Iligan.
 Republic of the Philippines

Armed Forces of the Philippines

Philippine National Police



Moro National Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front (Evacuation and humanitarian operations)

 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Ongoing Rodrigo Duterte
Rodrigo Duterte and Laotian President Bounnhang Vorachith (cropped).jpg

Contemporary-era (1986-present)[edit]

Conflict Government Insurgents Results President of the Philippines
Contemporary-era
1986-1990 Philippine coup attempts
(1986-1990)
 Republic of the Philippines

Supported by:
 United States of America

Defectors from the Armed Forces of the Philippines Victory Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino 1986.jpg
1989 Philippine coup attempt
(December 1-7, 1989)
Government of the Philippines
 United States
Reform the Armed Forces Movement
Soldiers of the Filipino People
Victory
  • Coup crushed through United States intervention.
  • Creation of the Davide Fact-Finding Commission.
  • Arrest of Honasan and coup plotters, financiers and leaders but some were given amnesty later on.
Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino 1986.jpg
1990 Mindanao crisis
(October 4 – 6, 1990)
 Philippines Federal Republic of Mindanao Victory
  • Arrest of Col. Alexander Noble
  • Disestablishment of the Federal Republic of Mindanao
Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino 1986.jpg
Oakwood mutiny
(July 27, 2003)
Oakwood Premier (now Ascott Makati), Glorietta, in 2008, where the Oakwood mutiny occurred.
Government of the Philippines Bagong Katipuneros (Magdalo Group) Victory Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg
Oplan HACKLE
(February 22-24, 2006)
Government of the Philippines Magdalo troops
New People's Army
Victory Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg
Manila Peninsula siege
(November 29, 2007)
Manila Peninsula in 2012, where the Hotel Siege occured.
Government of the Philippines Bagong Katipuneros (Magdalo Group) Victory Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Grace Estela C. Mateo. "The Philippines : A Story of a Nation" (PDF). Scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu. Retrieved 2015-08-28. 
  2. ^ Jerry Keenan (2001), Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American & Philippine-American wars, ABC-CLIO, p. 311, ISBN 978-1-57607-093-2 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "The Never Ending War in the Wounded Land: The New People’s Army on Samar". University of Calgary. 12 November 2013. 
Bibliography
  • Villahermosa, Gilberto N. (2009), Honor and Fidelity: The 65th Infantry in Korea, 1950-1953, Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History, retrieved 2010-11-09 
  • Chae, Han Kook; Chung, Suk Kyun; Yang, Yong Cho (2001), Yang, Hee Wan; Lim, Won Hyok; Sims, Thomas Lee; Sims, Laura Marie; Kim, Chong Gu; Millett, Allan R., eds., The Korean War, Volume II, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 978-0-8032-7795-3 
  • Chinese Military Science Academy (2000), History of War to Resist America and Aid Korea (抗美援朝战争史) (in Chinese), Volume II, Beijing: Chinese Military Science Academy Publishing House, ISBN 7-80137-390-1 
  • Hu, Guang Zheng (胡光正); Ma, Shan Ying (马善营) (1987), Chinese People's Volunteer Army Order of Battle (中国人民志愿军序列) (in Chinese), Beijing: Chinese People's Liberation Army Publishing House, OCLC 298945765 
  • War History Compilation Committee (1977), The History of the United Nations Forces in the Korean War, 6, Seoul: Republic of Korea Ministry of National Defense, OCLC 769331231 

External links[edit]