List of web browsers

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Timeline representing the history of various web browsers

The following is a list of web browsers that are notable.

Historical[edit]

A rough estimate of usage share by percent of layout engines of web browsers as of Q2 2009, see usage share of web browsers.

This is a table of personal computer web browsers by year of release of major version. The increased growth of the Internet in the 1990s and 2000s means that current browsers with small market shares have more total users than the entire market early on. For example, 90% market share in 1997 would be roughly 60 million users, but by the start of 2007 9% market share would equate to over 90 million users.[1]

Year Web browsers
1991 WorldWideWeb (Nexus)
1992 ViolaWWW, Erwise, MidasWWW, MacWWW (Samba)
1993 Mosaic, Cello,[2] Lynx 2.0, Arena, AMosaic 1.0
1994 IBM WebExplorer, Netscape Navigator, SlipKnot 1.0, MacWeb, IBrowse, Agora (Argo), Minuet
1995 Internet Explorer 1, Internet Explorer 2, Netscape Navigator 2.0, OmniWeb, UdiWWW,[3], Grail
1996 Arachne 1.0, Internet Explorer 3.0, Netscape Navigator 3.0, Opera 2.0,
PowerBrowser 1.5,[4] Cyberdog, Amaya 0.9,[5] AWeb, Voyager
1997 Internet Explorer 4.0, Netscape Navigator 4.0, Netscape Communicator 4.0, Opera 3.0[6], Amaya 1.0[5]
1998 iCab, Mozilla
1999 Amaya 2.0,[5] Mozilla M3, Internet Explorer 5.0
2000 Konqueror, Netscape 6, Opera 4,[7] Opera 5,[8] K-Meleon 0.2, Amaya 3.0[5], Amaya 4.0[5]
2001 Internet Explorer 6, Galeon 1.0, Opera 6[9], Amaya 5.0[5]
2002 Netscape 7, Mozilla 1.0, Phoenix 0.1, Links 2.0, Amaya 6.0,[5] Amaya 7.0[5]
2003 Opera 7,[10] Apple Safari 1.0, Epiphany 1.0, Amaya 8.0[5]
2004 Firefox 1.0, Netscape Browser, OmniWeb 5.0
2005 Opera 8,[11] Apple Safari 2.0, Netscape Browser 8.0, Epiphany 1.8, Amaya 9.0[5], AOL Explorer 1.0, Maxthon 1.0, Shiira 1.0
2006 Mozilla Firefox 2.0, Internet Explorer 7, Opera 9,[12], SeaMonkey 1.0, K-Meleon 1.0, Galeon 2.0, Camino 1.0, Avant 11, iCab 3
2007 Apple Safari 3.0, Maxthon 2.0, Netscape Navigator 9, NetSurf 1.0, Flock 1.0, Conkeror
2008 Google Chrome 1, Mozilla Firefox 3, Opera 9.5,[13], Apple Safari 3.1, Konqueror 4, Amaya 10.0[5], Flock 2, Amaya 11.0[5]
2009 Google Chrome 2–3, Mozilla Firefox 3.5, Internet Explorer 8, Opera 10,[14], Apple Safari 4, SeaMonkey 2, Camino 2, surf, Pale Moon 3.0[15]
2010 Google Chrome 4–8, Mozilla Firefox 3.6, Opera 10.50,[16], Opera 11, Apple Safari 5, K-Meleon 1.5.4, xxxterm
2011 Google Chrome 9–16, Mozilla Firefox 4-9, Internet Explorer 9, Opera 11.50, Apple Safari 5.1, Maxthon 3.0, SeaMonkey 2.1–2.6
2012 Google Chrome 17–23, Mozilla Firefox 10–17, Internet Explorer 10, Opera 12, Apple Safari 6, Maxthon 4.0, SeaMonkey 2.7-2.14
2013 Google Chrome 24–31, Mozilla Firefox 18–26, Internet Explorer 11, Opera 15–18, Pale Moon 15.4-24.2.2[17], Apple Safari 7, SeaMonkey 2.15-2.23
2014 Google Chrome 32–39, Mozilla Firefox 27–34, Opera 19–26, Pale Moon 24.3.0-25.1.0[17], Apple Safari 8, SeaMonkey 2.24-2.30
2015 Google Chrome 40–47, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox 35–43, Opera 27–34, Pale Moon 25.2.0-25.8.1[17], Vivaldi
2016 Google Chrome 48–55, Mozilla Firefox 44–50, Microsoft Edge 14, Opera 35–42, Pale Moon 26.0.0-27.0.3[17], Apple Safari 10, SeaMonkey 2.24–2.30
2017 Google Chrome 56–60, Microsoft Edge 15, Mozilla Firefox 51–55.0.2, Opera 43–45, Opera Neon, Pale Moon 27.1.0-27.6.2[17], Basilisk
2018 Pale Moon 27.7.0-28.2.2[17][18]

Layout engines[edit]

Graphical[edit]

Current and maintained projects are listed in boldface.

Trident shells[edit]

Other software publishers have built browsers and other products around Microsoft's Trident engine. The following browsers are all based on that rendering engine:

Gecko-based[edit]

Goanna-based[edit]

  • Pale Moon – a fork of Firefox that maintains support for XUL/XPCOM extensions and retains the user interface of the Firefox 4–28 era
  • Basilisk – similar to Pale Moon, but with the interface of Firefox 29–56 and a few other differences

Gecko- and Trident-based[edit]

Browsers that use both Trident and Gecko include:

Webkit- and Trident-based[edit]

Blink- and Trident-based[edit]

Gecko-, Trident-, and Blink- based[edit]

Browsers that can use Trident, Gecko and Blink include:

KHTML-based[edit]

Presto-based[edit]

WebKit-based[edit]

Status Browser
experimental Amazon Kindle
discontinued Arora
discontinued BOLT browser
Google Chrome for iOS
Dolphin Browser (Android and Bada)
Dooble (qtwebkit version discontinued) (up to Version 1.56)
Firefox for iOS
discontinued Flock (version 3.0 and above)
iCab (version 4 uses WebKit; earlier versions used its own rendering engine)
discontinued Iris Browser
Konqueror (version 4 can use WebKit as an alternative to its native KHTML[25])
Maxthon (version 3.0 and above)
Microsoft Edge for iOS
Midori
Nintendo 3DS NetFront Browser NX
OmniWeb
Otter Browser (uses Blink and WebKit; aims to recreate the features of old Opera)
discontinued OWB
discontinued QtWeb
qutebrowser (a Blink-based backend is currently in development.)
Roccat Browser
discontinued Rekonq
Safari
PhantomJS (a headless browser)
discontinued Shiira
SlimBoat[26] (no longer supported)
discontinued Steel for Android
Steam ingame browser
discontinued surf
discontinued Uzbl
Web (previously known as Epiphany)
discontinued Web Browser for S60, used in all Nokia Symbian smartphones
discontinued webOS, used in the Palm Pre, Palm Pixi, Pre 2, HP Veer, Pre 3, and TouchPad mobile devices
discontinued WebPositive, browser in Haiku
discontinued xombrero

Blink-based[edit]

EdgeHTML-based[edit]

For Java platform[edit]

Specialty browsers[edit]

Browsers created for enhancements of specific browsing activities.

Current[edit]

Discontinued[edit]

  • Ghostzilla (Blends into the GUI to hide activity)
  • Gollum browser (Created specially for browsing Wikipedia)
  • Prodigy Classic (Executable only within the application)
  • Flock (To enhance social networking, blogging, photo-sharing, and RSS news-reading)
  • RockMelt (Designed to combine web browsing, and social activities such as Facebook and Twitter into a unified one window experience)
  • Songbird (browser with advanced audio streaming features and built-in media player with library.)

Mosaic-based[edit]

Mosaic was the first widely used web browser. The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) licensed the technology and many companies built their own web browser on Mosaic. The best known are the first versions of Internet Explorer and Netscape.

Others[edit]

Mobile browsers[edit]

The most popular mobile browsers as of June 2014 are:[32]

Text-based[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History and Growth of the Internet". Internet World Stats. June 21, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
  2. ^ Brennan, Elaine (June 13, 1993). "World Wibe Web Browser: Ms-Windows (Beta) (1/149)". Humanist Archives Vol. 7. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  3. ^ Großmann, Prof. Dr. Hans Peter. "Department of Information Resource Management". University of Ulm. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
  4. ^ "Oracle Introduces PowerBrowser". Oracle Corporation. June 18, 1996. Retrieved October 31, 2007.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Release history". W3C. Retrieved May 2, 2009.
  6. ^ "Opera Software Releases 3.60" (Press release). Opera Software. May 12, 1998. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
  7. ^ "Opera 4.0 for Windows Released" (Press release). Opera Software. June 27, 2000. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
  8. ^ "The Browser War Lights Up in Europe" (Press release). Opera Software. December 6, 2000. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
  9. ^ "Opera 6.0 for Windows launched after record-breaking beta" (Press release). Opera Software. November 29, 2001. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
  10. ^ "Opera 7 Ready to Rock the Web" (Press release). Opera Software. January 28, 2003. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
  11. ^ "Speed, Security and Simplicity: Opera 8 Web Browser Released Today" (Press release). Opera Software. April 19, 2005. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
  12. ^ "Your Web, Your Choice: Opera 9 Gives You the Control" (Press release). Opera Software. June 20, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
  13. ^ "Opera redefines Web browsing yet again" (Press release). Opera Software. June 12, 2008. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
  14. ^ "Turbocharge your Web experience with Opera 10" (Press release). Opera Software. September 1, 2009. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
  15. ^ "History of the Pale Moon project". Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  16. ^ "The world's fastest browser for Windows" (Press release). Oslo, Norway: Opera Software. March 2, 2010. Retrieved March 28, 2010.
  17. ^ a b c d e f "General information". Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  18. ^ "Pale Moon: Release notes". Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  19. ^ http://caminobrowser.org Camino reaches its end
  20. ^ "Try Avant Browser 2012 for a Choice of Rendering Engines". PC World. January 3, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
  21. ^ "Have it all: Lunascape, the browser with three engines". CNET News. November 24, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  22. ^ "300 million users and move to WebKit". Opera Developer News.
  23. ^ "Surprise: Opera 12.18 has been released – gHacks Tech News". gHacks Technology News. February 16, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
  24. ^ "Projects/WebKit/Part — KDE TechBase". KDE TechBase. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
  25. ^ "Slimboat". slimboat.com. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  26. ^ JoWa, Product Translator, Global Moderator (May 2, 2014). "Blink, since v. 28". Comodo Group, Inc. Retrieved April 21, 2017.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  27. ^ "A first peek at Opera 15 for Computers". Opera. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
  28. ^ "Microsoft Edge: Making the web better through more open source collaboration". Microsoft Windows Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  29. ^ "Microsoft Edge: Making the web better through more open source collaboration". Microsoft Windows Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ NetApplications Summary of Mobile Browsers. Retrieved 2 July 2014

External links[edit]