List of websites founded before 1995

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Of the thousands of websites founded prior to 1995, those appearing here are listed for one or more of the following reasons:


Snapshot of the CERN site The World Wide Web project, the first website, as of November 1992.[1] The Web was publicly announced (via a posting to the Usenet newsgroup alt.hypertext) on August 6, 1991.[2]
World Wide Web Virtual Library
Originally Tim Berners-Lee's web catalog at CERN. Snapshot from November 1992: Subject listing - Information by Subject.[3]
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
Paul Kunz from SLAC visited Tim Berners-Lee at CERN in September 1991. He was impressed by the WWW project and brought a copy of the software back to Stanford. SLAC launched the first web server in North America on December 12, 1991.[4] SLAC first web page: SLACVM Information Service.[5]


The Dutch National institute for subatomic physics, originally at This site was actually the third website in the world to come online in February 1992, after CERN and SLAC.[6]
National Center for Supercomputing Applications
The National Center for Supercomputing Applications site was an early home to the NCSA Mosaic web browser, as well as documentation on the web and a "What's New?" list which many people used as an early web directory.
Second web server in North America, following in the trend of high-energy physics laboratories.
Early, comprehensive archiving project. Project as a whole started in 1992 and was quick to move to the web.
Ohio State University Department of Computer and Information Science
Early development of gateway programs, and mass conversion of existing documents, including RFCs, TeXinfo, UNIX man pages, and the Usenet FAQs.
The French National institute for nuclear physics and particle physics, originally at[7]
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Information service - both in Hebrew and English. Was the first RTL website and the 10th to come online in April 1992., at[8]
The Exploratorium
One of the first science museums on-line.[9]


By the end of 1993, there were 623 websites, according to a study by MIT Researcher Matthew Gray.[10]

(Archie Like Indexing for the WEB)[11] is considered the first Web search engine, announced in November 1993[12] by developer Martijn Koster presented in May 1994[13] at the First International Conference at CERN in Geneva.
Financial portal with information on markets, currency conversion, news and events, and Bloomberg Terminal subscriptions.[14]
The flagship website of the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic movement. It serves its own members and Jews worldwide.[15]
Corpus of Electronic Texts (formerly CURIA)
Peter Flynn from University College Cork saw Tim Berners-Lee demonstrate the WWW at a RARE WG3 meeting, and installed the software at UCC for the CURIA project.[16]
Doctor Fun
One of the first webcomics, noted by the NCSA as "a major breakthrough for the Web".
The LANL preprint archive
Web access to thousands of papers in physics, mathematics, computer science, and biology; developed out of earlier gopher, ftp, and e-mail archives at Los Alamos.
Electricité de France
One the first industrial Web sites in Europe started as the Web site of the R&D Division and was implemented by R&D Engineers Sylvain Langlois, Emmanuel Poiret and a few months later Daniel Glazman. They did not have approval for that and had to restart the server, connected to RENATER through a 155Mb link, every time IT was killing it for lack of approval. Electricité de France's R&D later submitted patches to CERN httpd and was active in Web Standardisation.
Global Network Navigator
Example of an early web directory created by O'Reilly Media and one of the Web's first commercial sites; it was hosted at Bolt Beranek and Newman (BBN).[17]
Haystack Observatory
Haystack Observatory's web site explained its radio and radar remote sensing mission and provided data access for science users. Content was rolled out on December 13, 1993 by Dr. John Holt of Haystack. The web site is still active, and the original web page format is still available online.
The Internet Movie Database
Founded in 1990 by participants in the Usenet newsgroup rec.arts.movies, the IMDB was rolled out on the web in late 1993, hosted by the computer science department of Cardiff University in Wales.
Internet Underground Music Archive
Created by students at the University of California, Santa Cruz to help promote unsigned musical artists. Music was shared using the MP2 format, presaging the later extreme popularity of MP3 sharing and Online music stores.
The world's first Web search engine, created by Jonathon Fletcher on December 12, 1993, and hosted at the University of Stirling in Scotland. In operation until 1994.
Kent Anthropology
One of the first social science sites (online May 1993). Originally at Still online at
After a start as an anonymous ftp-based art gallery and collaborative collective, the OTIS project (later SITO) moved to the web thanks to SunSITE's hosting.
The Tech
The MIT campus newspaper, The Tech, claims to be the first newspaper to deliver content over the Web, beginning in May 1993.[18]
web site set up for Nexor, by Martijn Koster, an early Internet software company.:[19]
The music television network's domain was registered in 1993 by VJ Adam Curry, who personally ran a small unofficial site.
PARC Map Server
Arguably the earliest precursor of MapQuest and Google Maps. PARC Researcher Steve Putz tied an existing map viewing program to the web. Now defunct.[20]
An online photography resource and community, designed and founded by Philip Greenspun.[21] Greenspun released the software behind as a free open-source toolkit for building community websites, the ArsDigita Community System.
Principia Cybernetica
Probably the first complex, collaborative knowledge system, sporting a hierarchical structure, index, map, annotations, search, plenty of hyperlinks, etc. Designed by Francis Heylighen, Cliff Joslyn and Valentin Turchin to develop a cybernetic philosophy.
The first life sciences web site. Still active
Trojan room coffee pot
The first webcam.
Trincoll Journal
a multimedia magazine published by students at Trinity College in Hartford Connecticut.
An online presence for Wired magazine.


By mid-1994 there were 2,738 websites, according to Gray's statistics; by the end of the year, more than 10,000.[10]

Allied Artists International
The first corporate web site for Allied Artists Entertainment Group, predecessor to Allied Artists International, present day owner of Allied Artists Film Group & Allied Artists Music Group[22]
American Marketing Association
Professional Association. Created in 1994 by a group of Marketing professors. It offered general marketing news for marketers and professors of marketing. Approximately a year later, the site was moved to where it still remains.[23]
Amnesty International
Human Rights site. Created in 1994 by the organization's International Secretariat and the Computer Communications Working Group of Amnesty International Canada.
"Art on the Net", created by Lile Elam in June 1994 to showcase the artwork of San Francisco Bay Area artists as well as other international artists. It offered free linkage and hosts extensive links to other artists' sites.
Art Crimes
The first graffiti art site began to archive photos from around the world, creating an important academic resource as well as a thriving online community.[24]
The Amazing FishCam
A webcam pointed at a fishtank located at Netscape headquarters. According to a contemporaneous article by The Economist, "In its audacious uselessness—and that of thousands of ego trips like it—lie the seeds of the Internet revolution."
Automatic Complaint-Letter Generator
Created by Scott Pakin in April 1994, the site allows users to specify the name of the individual or company that the complaint is directed toward, as well as the number of paragraphs the complaint will be. After submitting the data, the computer generates sentences that are composed of arbitrary verbs, nouns, and adjectives. Still active.
BBC Online
Started in April with some regional information and Open University Production Centre (OUPC) content. By September, the first commercial service launched, a transcription service via ftp server. At its peak, it had 122 accounts, including FBI bureaus around the world, taking daily updates from 12 feeds. Still active.[25][26]
Bianca's Smut Shack
An early web-based chatroom and online community known for raucous free speech and deviant behavior.
Birmingham City Council
Early local government site, initially hosted by the University of Birmingham.[27]
[28] (also known as Cash, Credit & Common Sense) Dallas Morning News and Good Morning America contributor Benjamin F. Dover[29] is the first known website to use a URL in a national TV and print advertising campaign. The late 1994 website creation was the marketing brainchild of Jovan Hutton Pulitzer as he launched Dover with TV programs on the Nashville Network (now Lifetime Television). The site remained active until Dover's death in 2016.[29]
The earliest website for alternative music artists and news. Created by A. Joi Brown and Matthew Brown in 1993–1994. Registered with Network Solutions 1993.
The first Ask the rabbi site. Launched by Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Kazen as an outgrowth of earlier discussion groups on FidoNet dating back to 1988.[30]
The first "City Site" web development company, advertising businesses and reviewing music and art events in the Bay Area. Started in 1994. CitySites was featured in Interactive Week Magazine in 1997 as numerous other City websites began competing for the business ad market including CitySearch and others. Founder, Darrow Boggiano, still operates CitySites.[31][32]
Cool Site of the Day
Glenn Davis' daily pick of 'cool' websites
The first commercial advertising service focused on using spam comes online as, set up by Laurence Canter and Martha Siegel, notorious for spamming Usenet newsgroups earlier that year.
The COmmunity Research & Development Information Service, the European Commission's first permanent website, providing the repository of EU-funded research projects. Launched on ESPRIT day in November 1994 as[33]
The Economist
The Economist "went live in early 1994" with a website "structured as a portal with various search tools of the day (e.g., Archie, Veronica, Jughead, WAIS and Gopher)"; it cost $120, paid for by one of the magazine's correspondents, and by the end of the year "America Online voted it one of the world’s top-ten news sites, nosing out Time-Warner’s celebrated Pathfinder site—which reputedly cost $120 million to build."[34]
Einet Galaxy
Claims to be the first searchable web catalog; originally created at the Einet division of the MCC Research Consortium at the University of Texas, Austin. It passed through several commercial owners and is now run by Logika Corporation.
Encyclopaedia Britannica Online
First purely web-based (no gopher!) literary webzine (originally published at
EPage Classifieds
First Web classified ad site (was originally at
First Virtual
First "cyber-bank".
World's oldest still operating webcam. Located at San Francisco State University.
HM Treasury
Website of HM Treasury, the United Kingdom government department.[35]
Home Page Replica
A fansite dedicated to researching the history and music of Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band.[36]
Website of Wired magazine with its own unique and innovative online content. Home of the first banner ads, for Zima and AT&T.[37][38]
An early corporate web site[39]
The first online music magazine set up by music journalist Anil Prasad, accessible at:[40]
Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology
University of Oxford. The web version of a previous Gopher server. Set up in early 1994 by David Price at No version has been archived but announcements giving the URL date from April 1994 on Humanist-l and anthro-l.
The Irish Times
First newspaper in the United Kingdom or Ireland to have a website: was founded in 1994. The newspaper moved to in 1999 and in 2008.[41]
Justin Hall's Links from the Underground
One of the earliest examples of personal weblogging.
Early legal website, provides public access to pre-qualified, pre-screened attorneys, and to free legal resources.[42]
Literary Kicks
Early literary website about Beat Generation, spoken word poetry and alternative literary scenes, launched by Levi Asher on July 23, 1994.[43]


Early search engine, originally a university research project by Dr. Michael Mauldin.
Megadeth, Arizona
The first website for a band, Megadeth.[44][45][46]
An early corporate site.[47]
Museum of Bad Art
Website of a museum "dedicated to the tongue-in-cheek display of poorly conceived or executed examples of Outsider Art in the form of paintings or sculpture."
The Nine Planets
"A Multimedia Tour of the Solar System", created by Bill Arnett. One of the first extensively multimedia sites.
One of the first newspaper sites; the online presence of the Raleigh, North Carolina News & Observer.
Highly popular early webcomic.
One of the first sites dedicated to Internet, multi-user video-game programming; maintained at Defunct."The Internet and the Aspiring Game Programmer" (PDF).
Online Technology Exchange, Inc. created the largest worldwide searchable database of electronic components and semiconductor parts
One of the first Internet portals, created by Time Warner.[34]
Pizza Hut
The pizza chain restaurant started by allowing people in Santa Cruz, California to order pizza over the Web.[48]
The website of Powell's Books.[49][50] and started with two employees; the company's first online order was placed by an Apple employee.[51] It pre-dates
The first known single-serving site; consists of simply a purple background.[52][53]
The Radcliffe Science Library
The first part of Oxford University to establish a web presence (on 7 Jan 1994) from We cannot find an archive version before the Wayback Machine version on 19.10.1996. The URL is attested on email lists (e.g. Humanist-l) by April 1994.
Radio Prague
The official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic was an early media entity on the web; they put transcripts of their news broadcasts and other current affairs content in 5 languages on the web starting in 1994 (and they still do).[54]
Senator Edward Kennedy
The first website for a member of the U.S. Congress was officially announced on June 2, 1994. The site remained active throughout the remainder of the senator's service until his death in 2009.
Saccharomyces Genome Database
NIH funded research project on the Web. Still funded by NIH and online. SGD provide curation of all published results on budding yeast (aka. bakers, brewers, and wine yeast) genes and their products. Current URL is
Subject of a twelve-year legal battle that established parameters of domain ownership.
SIGHTINGS began in 1994 as the website home for Jeff Rense's award-winning UFO & Paranormal radio program of the same name.
The Skeptic's Dictionary
Features definitions, arguments, and essays on topics ranging from acupuncture to zombies, and provides a lively, commonsense trove of detailed information on things supernatural, paranormal, and pseudoscientific.
Commercial website for open die forge facility.
The Simpsons Archive
The first fan site for The Simpsons television show.
Sirius Connections
The first internet service provider in the San Francisco Bay Area.[55] The owner - Arman Kahalili gave novice website creators a great deal of technical assistance to get the new wave of developers started on building sites and expanding code that was used in later versions of HTML and other web technology.[56]
Early humor site, called "a window on the weird" by The New Yorker.[57]
Stak Trading (
Computer hardware resale in the UK. The site was created by Stuart Mackintosh who previously provided software and driver downloads through a Wildcat! BBS and price lists to the trade via a Faxmaker faxback systems.
The Electronic Telegraph, website of the Daily Telegraph.[58]
The First Traditional Roman Catholic Internet Site, founded September 29, 1994.[59]
The first site using the internet for a sales medium on a global scale for heavy machinery.
One of the first sports news sites, initially providing Tour de France news.[60][61]
Virginia's Legislative Information System The site remains active today as "LIS Classic".[citation needed]
Created in 1994 by MIT dorm mates, pioneered shopping cart technology, pioneered credit card payments sent via fax to mail order catalogs, created the first pooled-traffic site, and helped foster standards for security. One of the first "tenants" was Hickory Farms.[62]
The WWW Useless Pages
Perhaps the first site which showcased bad or eccentric websites rather than 'cool' ones.
An early search engine for the Web, and the first with full text searching, by Brian Pinkerton at the University of Washington, announced in June 1994.
The official website of the White House.
World-Wide Web Worm
The World-Wide Web Worm (WWWW) was one of the first search engines for the World-Wide Web, by Oliver McBryan at the University of Colorado, announced in March 1994.
Originally started as "Jerry's Guide to the World Wide Web"; later Yahoo without the exclamation mark.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The World Wide Web project". Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  2. ^ "WorldWideWeb: Summary". 6 August 1991. Archived from the original on 9 Aug 1991.
  3. ^ "History of the Virtual Library [Overview.html]". Retrieved 2019-12-22.
  4. ^ "Stanford Linear Accelerator Center - First North American Web Site". 1991-12-12. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  5. ^ "Archives and History Office: SLAC's First Web Pages". Retrieved 2020-03-01.
  6. ^ "The Nikhef website in 1992".
  7. ^ "La Lettre Informatique n° 6, May 2009, Interview of Wojciech Wojcik: " Le CC-IN2P3 est à l'origine du premier serveur web français ! "".
  8. ^ "Historical list of W3 servers".
  9. ^ "Exploratorium Fact Sheet". Exploratorium. 2014-07-07. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  10. ^ a b "Web Growth Summary". Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  11. ^ "Aliweb". Advertising Technologies Corporation. Retrieved September 21, 2015.
  12. ^ Martijn Koster (30 November 1993). "ANNOUNCEMENT: ALIWEB (Archie-Like Indexing for the WEB)". comp.infosystems.
  13. ^ "List of PostScript files for the WWW94 advance proceedings". First International Conference on the World-Wide Web. June 1994. Title: "Aliweb - Archie-Like Indexing in the Web." Author: Martijn Koster. Institute: NEXOR Ltd., UK. PostScript, Size: 213616, Printed: 10 pages
  14. ^ "Decision: Bloomberg, L.P. v. David Cohen". National Arbitration Forum. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
  15. ^ Amy Harmon (December 13, 1998). "Yosef Kazen, Hasidic Rabbi And Web Pioneer, Dies at 44". The New York Times. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
  16. ^ "How the Internet came to Ireland". 2017-06-01. Retrieved 2017-06-29.
  17. ^ Dale Dougherty (October 1994). "GNN One Year Update". Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  18. ^ "The Tech - Our Staff". 2012-06-13. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  19. ^ "WWW-Talk Apr-Jun 1993: NeXor's Web and Warchie". Retrieved 2015-09-26.
  20. ^ "Dataglyphs". 2006-05-03. Archived from the original on 2001-12-14. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  21. ^ . 2012-06-13 Retrieved 2019-08-20. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ "" & ", both .com and .net URL's were registered in 1993, but no website was actually launched until 1994. The corporation used .com for its corporate website & .net for its email, switching from a late eighties CompuServe webmail server.
  23. ^ "Archived copy". American Marketing Association. Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 7 November 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Art Crimes - The Writing on the Wall - Graffiti Worldwide". Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  25. ^ "BBC Internet Services - History". Retrieved 2020-02-03.
  26. ^ Dry, Chris; Council, British Universities Film & Video (1995). Film and Television in Education: The Handbook of the British Universities Film & Video Council. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-1-85713-016-4.
  27. ^ "About our website - Birmingham City Council". GB-BIR: 2009-10-27. Archived from the original on 2009-11-07. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  28. ^
  29. ^ a b
  30. ^ "'ask a Rabbi' — on the Web: Online Rabbis Offer Answers". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. September 11, 2006. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  31. ^ "CitySites – Global Internet Services, Media and Advertising". Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  32. ^ "Wayback Machine". Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  33. ^ "20 years of CORDIS on the World Wide Web". 2014-11-07. Retrieved 2016-07-22.
  34. ^ a b N.V.(Los Angeles) (July 9, 2012). "Difference Engine: Lost in cyberspace". Babbage (blog). The Economist. Retrieved 2012-07-20.
  35. ^ "History of the Internet". Retrieved 2020-05-04.
  36. ^ "About HPR".
  37. ^ "Hobbes' Internet Timeline - the definitive ARPAnet & Internet history". Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  38. ^ "First banner ad ever in the world. AT&T Hotwired". 1994-10-25. Archived from the original on 2006-02-09. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  39. ^ " homepage history in screen shots",
  40. ^ "Music Without Borders". Innerviews. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  41. ^ "Trust | History & Values". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  42. ^ "About". LawInfo. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  43. ^ "Litkicks Turns Twenty: An Interview with Levi Asher". The Nervous Breakdown.
  44. ^ "History". Megadeth. Archived from the original on 16 September 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2015. Halloween, New website Megadeth Arizona is launched.
  45. ^ Sloan Bechtel, Robin (1 October 2014). "What The Hell Was Megadeth, Arizona?". Medium. cuepoint. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  46. ^ Pasbani, Robert (8 October 2013). "Dave Mustaine Invented The Internet". Metal Injection. Retrieved 3 March 2015. If you remember back: October 31, 1994, we were the first band to have a website.
  47. ^ ""This Is Microsoft's Very First Web Page ... Back In 1994"". 2014-08-08. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  48. ^ "PizzaNet - the killer app". 1994-08-22. Archived from the original on 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  49. ^ "Oregon Local News - Pamplin Media Group".
  50. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". 1998-12-05. Archived from the original on December 5, 1998. Retrieved 2012-07-10.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  51. ^ "The History of - Powell's Books". 2006-11-17. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  52. ^ Arias, Ryan (1 November 2011). "Five Things you need to know about". The Tartan. Radford University. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  53. ^ Johnson, Paddy (12 May 2014). "Addictive Single-Serving Websites by 7 Artists". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  54. ^ SAVE RADIO PRAGUE! Retrieved 2019-08-21.
  55. ^
  56. ^ "WAN Sales/Support". 1996-12-22. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  57. ^ "Only Connect", The New Yorker, 10 June 1996, p. 17, New York.
  58. ^ Chivers, Tom (2009-11-12). "'s 15th birthday: what life was like in 1994". Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  59. ^ "TRADITIO Traditional Roman Catholic Network, including the Official Catholic Directory of Traditional Latin Masses". 1994-09-29. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  60. ^ Chris Herod [@AngryChrisH] (13 July 2013). "Cleaning out closets. In 1994 @velonews had an experimental service" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  61. ^ "NCSA What's New".
  62. ^ "Entrepreneur Magazine Power Play".