List of wheel-well stowaway flights

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

DC-8 wheel-well stowaway space re-enactment by FAA CAMI researcher

This is a list of known flights with stowaways, who traveled inside the wheel well (landing gear compartment, also known as wheel bay, or undercarriage) of an aircraft. Between 1947 and June 2015, A U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) researcher had documented 113 such attempts on 101 flights. These 113 people were all male and predominantly under age 30.[1] There were 86 deaths, a 76 percent fatality rate,[2] with many unidentified decedents. There may be additional undocumented cases of wheel-well stowaways.[3]

Wheel-well stowaways face considerable risk of death during all phases of flight. Some have been unable to remain in the well during takeoff and landing and have fallen to their death. Immediately after takeoff, the landing gear retracts into the wheel wells, with the potential to crush the stowaway.[4] If the stowaway is able to avoid physical injury, they still face hypothermia and hypoxia risks at the extremely cold temperatures and low atmospheric pressure at high altitude.

Aeromedical physiology[edit]

At altitudes above approximately 2,500 m (8,000 ft), hypothermia becomes a risk and reduced atmospheric pressure and partial pressure of oxygen, which drop below the level required to support brain consciousness at the cruising altitudes of jet aircraft, may impair physiological processes.[5] At altitudes above 6,000 m (20,000 ft), stowaways may also develop decompression sickness and nitrogen gas embolism.[5]

Temperatures continue to decrease with altitude, and may drop as low as −63 °C (−81 °F).[5] As the plane descends to lower altitudes, a gradual rewarming and reoxygenation occur;[5] if the stowaway does not regain consciousness and mobility by the time the landing gear is lowered during final approach, or has already died, the body may fall from the aircraft.[2] According to the FAA, it is likely that the number of stowaways is higher than records show because bodies have fallen into the ocean or in remote areas.[6][3] Many wheel-well stowaways are found, dead or alive, with their bodies covered in frost, suggesting severe hypothermia during flight. Fidel Maruhi, who survived a wheel-well flight from Tahiti to Los Angeles in 2000, had a body temperature of 26 °C (79 °F), well below the level usually considered fatal, when emergency personnel began treating him on the runway.[7]

How those wheel-well stowaways who have survived have done so is a question scientists have not yet been able to answer. "Something happens that we don't understand" says one. Dr. Stephen Véronneau, a research medical officer at FAA’s Civil Aerospace Medical Institute, described as the world's foremost expert on the phenomenon, wrote in a 1996 paper for the FAA that he believes humans, when placed in an environment that overwhelms the body's ability to control its own temperature, become poikilothermic and "a state somewhat reminscent of hibernation occurs, during which the body's requirement for oxygen is greatly diminished".[3] Véronneau later documented 99 cases worldwide of wheel well stowaways from 1947 through June 6, 2013, with 76 fatalities and 23 survivors,[8] and noted here may be additional undocumented cases of successful surviving wheel-well stowaways also escaping the aircraft undetected, potentially with the assistance of accomplices.[3]

One survivor, Armando Socarras Ramirez, who defected from Cuba aboard an Iberia flight from Havana to Madrid in 1969, recalled in 2021 that his earliest post-flight memories are of Spanish doctors calling him "Mr. Popsicle" because ice covered his body when the pilot discovered him after his arrival. He had boarded the plane while it was taxiing, carrying a flashlight, rope and wool to stuff his ears; a companion fell out of the other wheel well before takeoff and a third backed out at the last moment. After takeoff, he had suffered frostbite on his middle finger so severe it turned black holding on until the wheels retracted, but then remembered nothing save shivering and shaking from the extreme cold until he lost consciousness. It took him a month in a Spanish hospital to regain his hearing, but he reports no lingering medical issues from the experience.[1]

In the media[edit]

Famous photo of stowaway falling to his death, as featured in Life magazine in 1970

Wheel-well stowaways have been widely covered in the press and media at large throughout the history of passenger airlines. One of the most notable incidents involved Keith Sapsford (14) from Sydney, Australia who fell 200 feet (60 m) to his death from the wheel-well of a Tokyo bound Japan Air Lines Douglas DC-8 on February 24, 1970, shortly after takeoff from Sydney Kingsford Smith Airport. Amateur photographer John Gilpin was taking pictures of planes taking off that day, and did not realize he had captured the boy’s final moments until he developed the pictures a week later. The photo was then famously featured in Life magazine's issue for the week of March 6, 1970, in their "Parting Shots" section of particularly newsworthy photos, across the fold of a two-page spread, alongside photos of spectators tossed into the air and killed at a stock car race in Luanda, Angola and a fatal shootout in a Los Angeles, California store.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

List of wheel-well stowaways[edit]

Below is a chronological list of documented aircraft wheel-well stowaway incidents. Stowaways have also traveled in a cargo hold,[16] or in a spare parts compartment,[17] both of which are pressurized, or even in the pressurized cabin itself.[18] In at least one other instance, on July 31, 2013, a cat survived a flight from Athens to Zürich in the front undercarriage of an Airbus A321.[19] Those types of incidents are not included in the scope of the list below.

Date Stowaway(s) Flight Aircraft Stowaway's fate
Aug 7, 1946 Bas Wie, 12 KupangDarwin Douglas DC-3 Survived, naturalised in Australia in 1958 and married[20]
Aug 5, 1947 Male, 30 LisbonNatal Douglas DC-3 Survived[3]
Sep 9, 1960 Daniel Melo, 16 Santa Maria-Bermuda Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation Survived, caught by LAV's ground team and deported.[21]
Sep 28, 1966 Male, 17 BogotáMexico City Boeing 707 Survived at 34,000 ft[3][22][23][24]
Apr 18, 1966 Unidentified man, about 24 MoscowParis Sud Aviation Caravelle Died[25][26]
Apr 19, 1966 Unknown youth, 20/21 OrlyMorocco Sud Aviation Caravelle Died (froze)[3]
Jun 4, 1969 Armando Socarras Ramírez, 17, Jorge Pérez Blanco, 16 HavanaMadrid
(Iberia Flight 904)
Douglas DC-8 Pérez fell out before takeoff and survived to be imprisoned by the Cuban government. Socarras made to Madrid, was released after 52 days in a Spanish hospital, and as of 2021 lives in the U.S. state of Virginia.[1]
Jul 26, 1969 Male, 17 and a second unknown HavanaMadrid Douglas DC-8 One survived, second fell to death[3]
Feb 22, 1970 Keith Sapsford, 14 SydneyTokyo
(Japan Airlines flight)
Douglas DC-8 Sapsford fell to his death after the landing gear doors opened underneath him as the gear retracted, falling from 200 feet (61 m) during the take off sequence.[3] His fatal fall was inadvertently captured by amateur photographer John Gilpin and the photograph was published in Life magazine[27][28][29][30]
Jun 21, 1970 Male, 13 LyonAbidjan Douglas DC-8 Died (fell at Abidjan when landing gear lowered)[3]
Apr 14, 1972 Male, 18 San DiegoNew York City Boeing 707 Died (froze)[3]
Mar 23, 1975 Unknown youth BogotáMiami Boeing 707 Died (fell)[3]
Nov 14, 1986 Male, 35 PanamaMiami Boeing 707 Survived at 39,000 feet (12,000 m)[3]
Feb 19, 1990 Two men from Trinidad TrinidadToronto BWIA West Indies Airways Lockheed L1011 Both survived 5 hour flight[31]
Mar 15, 1993 Shamsul Ramli, 17 Kuala LumpurJohannesburg
(Malaysia Airlines flight)
Boeing 747 Died. Body found in the 747's wheel well at Johannesburg Airport on arrival.[32]
Jun 4, 1993 Juan Carlos Guzmán-Betancourt, 17 BogotáMiami
(Arca Airline flight)
Douglas DC-8 Survived at 35,000 ft, but frosted[3]
Aug 4, 1993 Male, 19 BogotáNew York City Boeing 747 Died[33]
1995 Unknown migrant worker To Shanghai Boeing 747 Died (froze and fell during landing at Pudong International Airport)[34]
Aug 2, 1996 Two Mongolian boys, about 9 and 12 Ulan BatorKadena Air Base U.S. Air Force Lockheed C-141B 12-year-old died declared dead after discovery. Other child died two days later.[35][36]
Oct 14, 1996 Pardeep Saini, 22, Vijay Saini, 19 New DelhiLondon Boeing 747 Pardeep survived in the nose wheel well at 35,000 ft,[33] Vijay died[37]
Mar 22, 1997 Male, adolescent NairobiLondon Boeing 747 Died (crushed in nosewheel well)[33]
1998 Trevor Jacobs, 30 AntiguaTrinidad McDonnell Douglas MD-80 Died (Trevor Jacobs was wanted on several criminal charges, including kidnapping)[38]
Feb 7, 1998 Unknown male BakuLondon
(British Airways Flight 2028)
Boeing 767 Died, body discovered upon arrival at Gatwick Airport on February 8[39]
Jun 28, 1998 Chinese male, 23 ShanghaiTokyo Boeing 747 Survived, but hospitalized in critical condition[40]
Sep 14, 1998 Emilio Dominguez, 23 San Pedro SulaMiami
(Iberia Flight 6130)
McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Survived at 33,000 ft, traveled seeking work,[41] but was returned to Honduras
Jun 28, 1999 Yaguine Koita and Fodé Tounkara, 14 and 13 ConakryBrussels
(Sabena Flight 520)
Airbus A330 Both died (froze)[42]
Aug 4, 2000 Fidel Maruhi, 24 PapeeteLos AngelesParis
(Air France Flight 71)
Boeing 747-400 Survived at 38,000 ft.[43] Discovered during a refueling stopover in Los Angeles, where his body temperature had dropped to 26 °C (79 °F), well below levels usually considered lethal,[7] Maruhi later told, that the main motive behind his travel to France was to "shake hands" with Zinedine Zidane.[44][45][46]
Jun 2001 Mohammed Ayaz, 21 MuharraqLondon Boeing 777 Died (traveled to London because of job hardships in Pakistan and Bahrain)[47]
Aug 7, 2001 Unknown male LondonNew York City
(American Airlines Flight 131)
Boeing 777 Died (fell from 1,500 feet (460 m) on approach to John F. Kennedy International Airport)[48]
Sep 2001 Mikhail Semenyaga, 24 PermYekaterinburgFrankfurt Died[49]
Dec 24, 2001 Alberto Rodriguez, 15, Maikel Almira, 16 HavanaLondon Boeing 777 Both died (planned on hiding on a flight to Miami)[50]
Jul 2002 Cameroonian male, 34 Rio de JaneiroParis
(Air France flight)
Died[51]
Dec 2002 Victor Alvarez Molina, 24 HavanaMontreal McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Survived, received refugee status in Canada[46][52]
Dec 5, 2002 Two boys, 12 and 14 AccraLondon McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Both died[53]
Jan 11, 2003 Mariano Alexis Herrera-Ba, Punta Cana International Airport technician Punta CanaToronto Airbus A320 Died[54]
Jan 23, 2003 Two unidentified men ParisShanghai
(Air France Flight 112)
Boeing 777 Both died (fell on approach to Pudong International Airport)[55]
Feb 25, 2003 Unknown male Mali or GabonParis? Died (fell near Paris)[56]
Mar 25, 2003 Unknown male, 19 To Frankfurt Died[57]
Dec 24, 2003 Unknown male, about 25 Montego BayNew York City Died[58]
Dec 30, 2003 Unknown male, 30s LagosLondonNew York City
(British Airways Flight 117)
Boeing 747 Died (body found upon arrival at John F. Kennedy International Airport)[59]
Jul 21, 2004 Unknown male, 20 Dominican RepublicDüsseldorf Died (froze)[56]
Oct 22, 2004 Unknown male, 20s MiamiDetroit Boeing 737[60] Died[61]
Nov 11, 2004 Liang Kailong, 14, Su Qing, 13 KunmingChongqing Airbus A320 Liang survived, Su died (fell shortly after takeoff)[34]
Nov 16, 2004 Unknown MaliParis Died[56]
Nov 30, 2004 Unknown male Died (fell, body found in Louvain)[56]
May 25, 2005 Unknown boy, about 10 DunhuangLanzhou Airbus A320 Died[34]
Jun 7, 2005 Unidentified JohannesburgDakarNew York City
(South African Airways Flight 203)
Airbus A340[62] Died (crushed on approach to John F. Kennedy International Airport)[63]
Jan 12, 2007 Male JohannesburgDakarAtlanta
(Delta Air Lines Flight 35)
Boeing 767 Died (frozen and crushed)[64]
Jan 15, 2007 Unidentified BanjulDakarBrussels Airbus A330-300[65] Died[66]
Jan 28, 2007 Samuel Peter Benjamin, 17 SingaporeVancouverHong KongCape TownLondonLos Angeles Boeing 747 Died in the front wheel well, presumably after hitching the aircraft in his hometown Cape Town on January 22, body discovered in Los Angeles[67]
Jul 19, 2007 Asian, 50s ShanghaiSan Francisco
(United Airlines flight)
Boeing 747 Died (in the nose gear wheel well)[52]
Sep 21, 2007 Andrey Shcherbakov, 15 PermMoscow Boeing 737 Survived, but suffered severe frostbite[68]
Oct 12, 2007 Osama R.M. Shublaq, Palestinian Kuala LumpurSingapore
(Singapore Airlines Flight 119)
Boeing 777-200 Survived[69]
Oct 21, 2007 Ilgar Ashumov, 15 BakuMoscow Died on approach to Domodedovo International Airport, body found 12 km from the airport[70]
Aug 9, 2009 Filipp Yurchenko, 19 IrkutskKhabarovskVladivostok
(Vladivostok Avia Flight 486)
Airbus A320 Died[71]
Feb 7, 2010 Unknown male New York CityNarita
(Delta Air Lines Flight 59)
Boeing 777 Died[72]
Feb 18, 2010 Unknown Dominican male Santo DomingoMiami
(Amerijet flight)
Boeing 767 Died (fell during takeoff)[73]
Mar 2010 Okechukwu Okeke, Nigerian Lagos to the United States
(Delta Air Lines flight)
Boeing 777 Died in the nose wheel well[74]
Apr 2010 Unknown African male To Zürich Died (fell after landing gear was lowered on approach to Zürich, body found in Weisslingen)[75]
Jun 6, 2010 Romanian male, 20 ViennaLondon Boeing 747 Survived[76]
Jul 9, 2010 Unknown male BeirutRiyadh
(Nasair flight)
Airbus A320 Died[77]
Sep 10, 2010 Nigerian national JohannesburgLagos
(Arik Air flight)
Died (crushed)[74]
Nov 2, 2010 Roman Sorokovikov, 16 YerbogachenKirensk Antonov An-24 Survived, but planned to reach Irkutsk[78]
Nov 15, 2010 Delvonte Tisdale, 16 CharlotteBoston
(US Airways Flight 1776)
Boeing 737 Died (possible fatal injury inside wheel well from landing gear, fell on approach to Boston)[79]
Jan 15, 2011 Qasim Siddique LahoreDubai
(Airblue flight)
Died (fell shortly after takeoff)[80]
Jul 13, 2011 Adonis Guerrero Barrios, 23 HavanaMadrid Airbus A340[81] Died[82]
Jul 26, 2012 Unidentified male Cape TownLondon
(British Airways flight)
Boeing 747-400 Died[83]
Sep 9, 2012 Jose Matada, 27 LuandaLondon Boeing 777[84] Died (fell)[85][86]
Oct 26, 2012 Unidentified male LondonLagos Airbus A340-500 Died[87]
Apr 8, 2013 Unidentified male YaoundéParis
(Camair-Co flight)
Boeing 767 Died[88]
Jun 6, 2013 Georgian national, 22 (presumably) RiminiMoscow
(I-Fly flight)
Airbus A321 Died[30][89] four days before discovery, and may have been undetected for seven or more previous flights; stowaway boarding location undetermined.[8]
Jul 18, 2013 Hikmet Komur, 32 IstanbulLondon
(British Airways Flight 675)
Airbus A320 Died (froze), body found upon arrival at Heathrow Airport[90]
Jul 25, 2013 Unknown male OuagadougouNiameyParis
(Air France Flight 547)
Airbus A330 Died (fell during landing in Niamey)[91]
Aug 24, 2013 Daniel Ihekina, 13/14 Benin CityLagos Survived[92]
Jan 5, 2014 Unknown MashhadMedina (emergency landing due to landing gear failure) Boeing 767-300ER Died (body parts fell at an intersection in Mushrefa, Jeddah)[93]
Feb 22, 2014 Chris Dikeh, Nigerian national DakarWashington, D.C. Airbus A340-300 Died[94]
Apr 20, 2014 Yahya Abdi, Somali national, 16 San JoseKahului
(Hawaiian Airlines Flight 45)
Boeing 767 Survived[95]
Jul 5, 2014 Male, 17 SandefjordAmsterdam
(KLM Cityhopper flight)
Embraer 190 Died[96]
July 27, 2014 Unknown male teenager Mali (presumably)–Ramstein Air Base Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules Died[97]
March 14, 2015 Unidentified male, 40s LagosNew York City
(Arik Air flight)
Airbus A340-500 Died (the body was presumed to be in the wheel well from March 11, 2015 when the aircraft had its last flight from New York)[98]
April 7, 2015 Mario Steven Ambarita, 21 PekanbaruJakarta
(Garuda Indonesia Flight 177)
Boeing 737-800 Survived[99]
June 19, 2015 Carlito Vale, Mozambican national, 28/29, and Themba Cabeka, 24 JohannesburgLondon
(British Airways Flight 54)
Boeing 747-400 Vale died (fell during approach, body recovered from a roof in Richmond).
Cabeka survived with life-changing injuries and has been granted leave to remain.[100]

[101][102]

September 12, 2015 Unidentified stowaway NairobiAmsterdam
(Emirates SkyCargo flight)
Boeing 777-200 Died, body discovered upon arrival at Schiphol Airport[103]
January 11, 2016 Unidentified male São PauloParis
(Air France flight)
Boeing 777 Died, body discovered during maintenance operations on the Boeing 777 at Orly Airport[104]
February 14, 2016 Unidentified man MunichDurban
(Western Global Airlines flight)
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Died, body discovered during refuelling at Harare International Airport, Zimbabwe.[105][106][107]
June 7, 2016 Unidentified male DakarBrussels
(Brussels Airlines Flight 204)
Airbus A330 Died, body discovered during regular maintenance at Brussels Airport[108]
September 21, 2016 Unidentified African male NigeriaJeddah
(Flynas flight)
Boeing 747 Died, body discovered in the rear wheel well during regular check at King Abdulaziz International Airport[109][110]
November 30, 2016 Unidentified stowaway LagosJohannesburg
(Arik Air flight)
Airbus A330-200 Died, body discovered at the O. R. Tambo International Airport[111]
August 12, 2017 Unidentified Dominican male Santo DomingoMiami
(American Airlines Flight 1026)
Airbus A321 Survived, was returned to Dominican Republic[112]
January 13, 2018 Unidentified male Honolulu–Japan
(Delta Air Lines flight)
Died, body fell on take-off.[113]
February 11, 2018 Unidentified African man KinshasaUkunda
(Kenya Airways flight)
Died, found after emergency landing at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport[114]
February 26, 2018 Marco Vinicio PG, 17, and Luis Manuel Ch. P., 16 GuayaquilNew York
(LATAM Flight 1438)
Boeing 767-300 Both died (bodies fell on take off)[115][116]
August 2018 Unidentified male CaracasLa Fría Died (fell on takeoff from Simón Bolívar International Airport)[117]
April 13, 2019 Unidentified male Pointe-à-PitreCayenne

(Air France Flight 600)

Airbus A320 Survived. Homeless man found on the tarmac of the Félix Éboué Airport.[118] The flight made a refuelling stop at Martinique Aimé Césaire International Airport in Martinique between Pointe-à-Pitre and Cayenne.
June 30, 2019 Unidentified male, 29 NairobiLondon

(Kenya Airways Flight 100)

Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner Died (froze during the flight and fell from the landing gear on approach to London Heathrow Airport. The body fell into a garden in Clapham, one meter (3 ft) away from a sunbathing resident).[119] An investigation by Sky News initially identified the man as 29-year old Paul Manyasi, an employee of Colnet, a cleaning company contracted by Kenya Airports Authority (KAA).[120] KAA and Colnet both claimed that their records showed that Manyasi was never employed by Colnet, nor did his name appear on any airport staff registers.[121] Later reporting by KTN News Kenya found that the family who claimed to have positively identified Manyasi as their son was not even named Manyasi, had no son named Paul and had been paid US$200 to make the claim.[1] Sky retracted the story and apologized to its readers for having been misled and Colnet for having erroneously reported the man had been an employee.[122]
September 30, 2019 Unidentified male, 20's. ConakryCasablanca

(Royal Air Maroc Flight 526)

Boeing 737-800 Died.[123] Unknown man in his twenties was found lifeless in plane’s landing gear compartment of Moroccan Royal airline operating flight from Conakry to Casablanca. External examination of the body revealed traumatic skin abrasions and scrapes more pronounced on the chest, abdomen and limbs. The body was very frozen and Rigor mortis had already set in. The cause of death was judged to occur as a result of the combined effect of hypothermia and thoracic trauma.[124]
January 7, 2020 Unidentified male AbidjanParis

(Air France Flight 703)

Boeing 777-300 Died (cause unknown; body found in plane's landing gear upon arrival at Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport)[125]
February 4, 2021 Kenyan national, 16 London StanstedMaastricht

(Turkish Airlines Flight 6305)

Airbus A330 Survived. Was hospitalized but recovered.[126][127]
April 19, 2021 Unidentified male Lagos–Amsterdam

(KLM Flight 588)

Airbus A330-200 Died during the flight, likely of hypothermia.[128][129]

External links[edit]

Out of the Blue and Into the Lawn: The Mystery Stowaway

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kale, Sirin (April 15, 2021). "Out of thin air: the mystery of the man who fell from the sky". The Guardian. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b Motherboard, The Science of Stowing Away in an Airplane, June 20, 2015
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Véronneau, S.J.H.; Mohler, S.R.; Pennybaker, A.L.; Wilcox, B.C.; Sahiar, F. (October 1996). "Survival at High Altitudes: Wheel-Well Passengers" (PDF). FAA Civil Aeromedical Institute. Retrieved April 19, 2021. Some successful stowaway flights may be unknown, the travelers recovering at the destination with the help of 'Good Samaritans'
  4. ^ USA Today, FAA: Most plane stowaways in wheel well die, April 21, 2014
  5. ^ a b c d "Wheel-well Stowaways Risk Lethal Levels of Hypoxia and Hypothermia" (PDF). Flight Safety Foundation. May–June 1997. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  6. ^ CBS News, Questions abound over teen stowaway's "miracle" flight, April 21, 2014
  7. ^ a b "Stowaway Found Alive in Jet's Wheel Well". ABC News. January 7, 2006. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Stowaway found in wheel well after 7 flights". News24. South Africa. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  9. ^ Gilpin, John (March 6, 1970). "Parting Shots". Life: 76–77 – via New York Public Library Life Magazine Digital Archive on Google Books.
  10. ^ "The heartbreaking story behind photo of boy falling from plane above Sydney". au.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  11. ^ Tapalaga, Andrei (August 7, 2020). "How a 14-Year-Old Boy Fell to His Death From an Airliner". Medium. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  12. ^ "The story behind this chilling photo at Sydney Airport". NewsComAu. July 5, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  13. ^ "Stowaway's bad idea: Tragic story behind falling boy photo that shocked Sydney and the world". NZ Herald. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  14. ^ "The boy who fell to earth". Salon. December 14, 2010. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  15. ^ "True Stories Of People Who Stowed Away On Airplanes". Ranker. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  16. ^ "Stowaway Found Aboard Emirates Flight From China to Dubai". NBC News. June 1, 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
  17. ^ "Nigeria: Stowaways and Their Desperation to Leave Nigeria". allAfrica. July 14, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
  18. ^ "Authorities probe 'unbelievable case of concealment'". CTV News. November 5, 2010. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  19. ^ "Stowaway cat survives flight from Athens". The Local. August 2, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  20. ^ Louise Maher (June 17, 2015). "The Kupang Kid: Orphaned boy who risked life to come to Australia as stowaway in 1946". ABC Online. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
  21. ^ "O Furnense que Viajou para os Eua num Trem De Um Avião" (PDF).
  22. ^ "Viaja de Bogota a Mexico en el 'Tren' de un Jet", El Tiempo (Bogota, Colombia), September 28, 1966, p30
  23. ^ "Tells 4-Hour Ride in Jet's Wheel Well", Chicago Tribune, September 28, 1966, p1
  24. ^ "Rugged Mexican Boy Survives Trip in Jet's Wheel Well", Abilene (TX) Reporter-News, September 28, 1966
  25. ^ "1966: Moscow-Paris Stowaway Dies". International Herald Tribune. April 18, 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
  26. ^ "Oxnard Press Courier Archives, Apr 18, 1966, p. 10". newspaperarchive.com.
  27. ^ "Death dive from Sydney airliner", The Age (Melbourne), February 23, 1970, p1
  28. ^ Salon, The boy who fell to earth, December 14, 2010
  29. ^ Unusual Deaths, The Boy Who Fell Out of a Japan Airlines Jet, May 24, 2016
  30. ^ a b NBC News, Dead wheel-well stowaway went undiscovered for 7 flights, June 12, 2013
  31. ^ "Airliners.net - Aviation Forums". www.airliners.net.
  32. ^ http://www.searcct.gov.my/publications/our-publications?id=38
  33. ^ a b c "Wheel-well Stowaway Flights" (PDF). Flight Safety Foundation. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  34. ^ a b c Cao Desheng. "Boy hiding in gear compartment killed". China Daily. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  35. ^ "Two Mongolian Boys, One Dead, Found on U.S. Air Force Flight". Associated Press. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  36. ^ "Stowaway boys die in US Military Plane". UPI. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  37. ^ "5 stowaway attempts that didn't end tragically". CNN. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  38. ^ "Business | Norwegian Mother Goes To Jail For Giving Son An Illegal Name | Seattle Times Newspaper". community.seattletimes.nwsource.com.
  39. ^ "Body found in plane undercarriage". BBC. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  40. ^ "Stowaway survives flight". Star-News. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  41. ^ "Stowaway survives Honduras-to-Miami flight at 33,000 feet". Ocala Star-Banner. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  42. ^ Tim Sullivan, Raf Casert. "For a Pair of African Stowaways, Only Europe Held Hope of a Future". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2014.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  43. ^ "Stowaway Found Alive in Jet's Wheel Well". ABC News. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  44. ^ "Tahitian Stowaway to Los Angeles Found Guilty". Pacific Islands Development Program. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  45. ^ "J'ai vu le train d'atterrissage se fermer sous moi". Retrieved September 14, 2017.
  46. ^ a b Slate, Do Jet Stowaways Ever Survive?, December 31, 2003
  47. ^ "The man who fell to earth". The Guardian. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  48. ^ Al Baker. "Stowaway Fell From Jet Near Airport, Police Say". The New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  49. ^ Труп в самолете «Люфтганзы» – пермяк или екатеринбуржец? (in Russian). NR2. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  50. ^ "Error that cost the lives of teenage Cuban stowaways". The Guardian. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  51. ^ "Cameroonian stowaway dies on Paris-bound flight". Africa Review. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  52. ^ a b "Body found in wheel well of United 747 jumbojet". USA Today. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  53. ^ Gary Jones (December 6, 2002). "Frozen Stowaways; Lax security blamed after 2 boys die in jet undercarriage". Daily Mirror. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  54. ^ В отсеке шасси самолета найден труп безбилетника (in Russian). Lenta.ru. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  55. ^ "Two Foreigners Fall Dead from Plane in Shanghai". China Internet Information Center. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  56. ^ a b c d Living Through Terror. Routledge. 2013. p. 154. ISBN 978-1317982340.
  57. ^ В Германии обнаружено тело россиянина, погибшего при попытке "зайцем" долететь до Франкфурта-на-Майне (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Retrieved April 26, 2014.
  58. ^ "Body found in wheel well of American Airlines aircraft". Airline Industry Information. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  59. ^ "Body Find On BA Jet". Daily Mirror. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  60. ^ "Stowaway found dead in wheel well of jet after Detroit landing". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. October 23, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  61. ^ "Body of man discovered in aircraft's wheel well". Airline Industry Information. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  62. ^ "South African Officials 'Mystified' At Stowaway Reports". Aero News. June 8, 2008. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  63. ^ "Stowaway's Leg Falls From Jet". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  64. ^ "Stowaway's Body Found In Delta Jet". CBS News. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  65. ^ Wastnage, Justin (January 15, 2007). "SN Brussels engineers find dead body in A330 wheel well after flight from Dakar, second this weekend after Friday identical Delta 767 incident". Flightglobal. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  66. ^ "Gambia: In SN Brussels Aircraft Incident Belgian Authorities Mount Investigation". allAfrica.com. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  67. ^ Catherine Elsworth. "Body 'may have been week on plane'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  68. ^ "Подросток пролетел в крыле Boeing-737 из Перми до "Внуково"" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  69. ^ "Stowaway survives SIA flight from KL hidden in wheel well". AsiaOne. Archived from the original on April 13, 2016. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  70. ^ «Зачем воспитанному мальчику российская столица» (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  71. ^ Прокуратура устанавливает, как погибший мужчина попал в шасси самолета (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  72. ^ Японская полиция выясняет, как мужчина попал в шасси борта из США (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  73. ^ Безбилетник погиб в нише для шасси самолета в аэропорту Доминиканы (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  74. ^ a b "Nigerian stowaways: When youths reach end of their dreams so soon..." Nigerian Tribune. March 8, 2015. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  75. ^ Нелегальный мигрант погиб на пути в Швейцарию, выпав из отсека шасси (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  76. ^ "Romanian stowaway found at Heathrow freed after caution". BBC. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  77. ^ "Stowaway's body found in plane's landing gear". News.com.au. AFP. July 12, 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  78. ^ В Иркутской области подросток совершил перелет в отсеке шасси Ан-24. Izvestia (in Russian). Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  79. ^ "The Last Days of Delvonte Tisdale". Creative Loafing Charlotte. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
  80. ^ "Stowaway case: Body identified as 9th grade student". The Express Tribune. January 18, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
  81. ^ "El cadáver de Adonis volverá a Cuba". El País (in Spanish). July 22, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  82. ^ "Dead Cuban Stowaway Found in Iberia Plane Landing Gear". AOL. July 14, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  83. ^ "Apparent stowaway found in landing gear of British Airways 747". USA Today. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  84. ^ Walker, Peter (April 25, 2013). "Man found dead on London street 'was probably stowaway who fell from plane'". The Guardian. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  85. ^ "Heathrow Stowaway, Jose Matada, Who Fell To His Death Over London Is Finally Identified". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  86. ^ Rob Walker (January 6, 2014). "The final episode of a stowaway's story". BBC News. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  87. ^ "Man's body found in undercarriage of Nigerian plane". Vanguard. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  88. ^ "Stowaway found dead in Cameroon-Paris plane landing gear". RFI. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  89. ^ Итальянский "заяц", насмерть замерзший в самолете, оказался грузином. Moskovskij Komsomolets (in Russian). Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  90. ^ "Turkish stowaway found dead in Heathrow airline landing gear". Belfast Telegraph. July 19, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
  91. ^ Безбилетник выпал из самолета при посадке (in Russian). Utro.ru. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  92. ^ Michelle Faul (August 26, 2013). "Teen survives flight in aircraft wheel in Nigeria". Associated Press. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  93. ^ "Body parts fall from sky in suspected stowaway incident". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  94. ^ "Nigerian stowaway found dead under plane in the US". AfricanSpotlight. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  95. ^ "Teen survives 5-hour flight in jet's wheel well". USA Today. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  96. ^ "Corpse found in wheel well of KLM plane at Amsterdam's Schiphol airport". Associated press/CTV. June 5, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  97. ^ "Body of young stowaway found in US military plane". Yahoo! News. July 29, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  98. ^ Chinedu Eze (March 15, 2015). "Nigeria: After Roundtrip to U.S., Stowaway Dies in Arik Aircraft Wheel". AllAfrica.com. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  99. ^ "Kronologi Pria Menyelinap Masuk ke Ruang Roda Pesawat Garuda". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  100. ^ "'I passed out with the lack of oxygen': truth of Heathrow stowaways' tragic journey". The Guardian. January 4, 2021.
  101. ^ "Stowaway dies after falling from British Airways plane in London". CNN. June 19, 2015.
  102. ^ "'Plane stowaway' theory probed as body found on Richmond roof". BBC. June 19, 2015.
  103. ^ "Body of stowaway found in cargo plane in Amsterdam". Reuters. September 12, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
  104. ^ "Body found in landing gear of plane at Paris airport". Expatica. January 11, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
  105. ^ New York Times, Zimbabwe: Owner of Impounded Jet Says Body on Board Was a Stowaway, February 16, 2016
  106. ^ Business Wire, Western Global Airlines Issues Update on Aircraft Situation, February 16, 2016
  107. ^ Voice of America, Impounded US Cargo Aircraft Owners Claim Harare Airport Death Stowaway, February 17, 2016
  108. ^ "Lichaam gevonden in landingsgestel vliegtuig". De Redactie. June 7, 2016. Retrieved June 7, 2016.
  109. ^ "Stowaway's corpse in Saudi jet's wheel bay after Nigeria trip". Vanguard. September 21, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  110. ^ "Body of African stowaway found in wheel of Flynas plane". Gulf Digital News. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  111. ^ "Nigeria to South Africa: Stowaway dies on Arik Air plane". Vanguard. December 1, 2016. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  112. ^ "Stowaway emerges from plane's wheel well after flight lands". Sun-Sentinel.com. Associated Press. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  113. ^ Kawano, Lynn. "Police: Man who died at airport during apparent stowaway attempt was homeless". Hawaii News Now. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  114. ^ "Body of a Stowaway Recovered on a Kenya Airways Flight From DR Congo". Mwakilishi. February 12, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  115. ^ "Dos personas caen del tren de aterrizaje de nave en el aeropuerto de Guayaquil". El Universo. February 26, 2018. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  116. ^ "Two stowaway teens hid in a plane's landing gear — and fell to their death during takeoff". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  117. ^ "В Венесуэле мужчина погиб при попытке улететь в отсеке шасси" (in Russian). Aviation EXplorer. August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  118. ^ "Un passager clandestin dans le train d'atterrissage d'un avion". Guyane la 1ère (in French). Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  119. ^ "Clapham 'stowaway': Body which 'fell from Kenya flight' found in garden". BBC News. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  120. ^ "Plane stowaway: Who was Kenyan man who fell into London garden?". Sky News. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  121. ^ "Stowaway: Kenya authorities dispute identity of man who fell from plane". Sky News. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  122. ^ "Sky News correction". Sky News. November 22, 2019. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  123. ^ "Airline stowaway found frozen to death in jet's landing gear". New York Post. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  124. ^ Abouzahir, Hind; Nya, Samir; Belhouss, Ahmed; Benyaich, Hicham (January 1, 2021). "An autopsy case of a stowaway who was found dead in the hatchway of the landing gear of Moroccan plane: Case report and assessment of previous literature". International Journal of Forensic Medicine. 3 (1): 01–03. doi:10.33545/27074447.2021.v3.i1a.30.
  125. ^ Saskya Vandoorne; Amy Woodyatt. "Body of stowaway found in Air France plane's landing gear". CNN. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
  126. ^ "Maastricht stowaway a 16 y.o. boy; Doing reasonably well". NL Times. Retrieved February 6, 2021.
  127. ^ Luitwieler, Neal (February 4, 2021). "Verstekeling aangetroffen in landingsgestel vliegtuig op Maastricht Aachen Airport". Luchtvaartnieuws (in Dutch). Retrieved February 6, 2021.
  128. ^ https://simpleflying.com/amsterdam-stowaway-found-dead/
  129. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/stowaway-body-plane-netherlands-nigeria-b1834435.html