List of wind-related railway accidents

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High winds can blow railway trains off tracks and cause accidents.[1]

Dangers of high winds[edit]

High winds can cause problems in a number of ways:

  • blow trains off the tracks
  • blow trains or wagons along the tracks and cause collisions
  • cause cargo to blow off trains which can damage objects outside the railway or which other trains can collide with
  • cause pantographs and overhead wiring to tangle
  • cause trees and other objects to fall onto the railway.

Preventative measures[edit]

Risks from high winds can be reduced by:

  • wind fences akin to snow sheds
  • lower profile of carriages
  • lowered centre of gravity of vehicles[2]
  • reduction in train speed or cancellation, at high winds
  • a wider rail gauge
  • improve overhead wiring with:
    • regulated tension rather than fixed terminations
    • shorter catenary spans
    • solid conductors

By country[edit]

 Australia[edit]

  • 1928 – 47 waggons blown along line at Tocumwal [3]
  • 1931 – Kandos – wind blows level crossing gates closed in front of motor-cyclist [4]
  • 1943 – Hobart, Tasmania; Concern that wind will blow over doubledeck trams on 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge if top deck enclosed.[5]
  • 2010 – Marla, South Australia; Small tornado blows over train.[6]

Austria Austria[edit]

  • 1910 – Trieste (now in Italy) – train blown down embankment.[7]

 China[edit]

 Denmark[edit]

 Germany[edit]

 India[edit]

  • One reason for choosing broad gauge in India for greater stability in high winds.

 Ireland[edit]

 Japan[edit]

 New Zealand[edit]

 Norway[edit]

 South Africa[edit]

 United Kingdom[edit]

 United States[edit]

One reason for choosing broad gauge (17% wider than standard gauge) for BART was the greater stability in high winds and perhaps earthquakes.[31][32][33]

Factors[edit]

  • Lightweight trains
  • Narrow gauge
  • Aspects of the terrain [34]
  • Tunnels [35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. Proppe, C. Wetzel (2007). "Overturning Probability of Railway Vehicles under Wind Gust Loads". Iutam Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Nonlinear Systems with Uncertainty. IUTAM Book Series. Springer. 2: 23–32. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6332-9_3. ISBN 978-1-4020-6331-2.
  2. ^ Kieper, Klaus; Preuß, Reiner; Rehbein, Elfriede (1982). "Bahnen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern". Schmalspurbahn-Archiv (in German) (2nd ed.). Berlin: Transpress. p. 116.
  3. ^ "SEVERE WINDSTORM". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 8 October 1928. p. 8. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
  4. ^ "LEVEL CROSSING ACCIDENT". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 27 August 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Double-Deck Trams". The Mercury. Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 1 June 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  6. ^ http://www.railpage.com.au/news-8530.htm
  7. ^ "FATAL RAILWAY ACCIDENT". Northern Star. 34. New South Wales, Australia. 4 April 1910. p. 3. Retrieved 26 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "Six dead in train crash on Denmark's Great Belt Fixed Link". The Local DK. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  9. ^ "GALE DERAILS TRAIN". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 21 October 1936. p. 16. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  10. ^ "TRAIN DERAILED". The Examiner. Launceston, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 21 October 1936. p. 8 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  11. ^ "RAILWAY ACCIDENT". Zeehan and Dundas Herald. Tas.: National Library of Australia. 31 July 1895. p. 3. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Wind stalls Cape trains
  13. ^ The Railway Magazine April 2015, p12
  14. ^ The Railway Magazine April 2015, p12
  15. ^ The Railway Magazine April 2015, p12
  16. ^ Blown from the Track, Railroad Gazette, April 4, 1883; pages 285-286. Reprinted from the Apr. 25 'Denver Tribune'.
  17. ^ Thrown off the Track, Chicago Daily Tribune, May 8, 1876, page 5. (Retrieved via Library of Congress Chronicling American archive).
  18. ^ Two Cars Blown Off the Track, New York Times, Feb. 24, 1884.
  19. ^ Train Wreck at Georgetown, February 4th, 1885, Rocky Mountain Railroad Heritage Society Newsletter, Vol. 3, No. 9 (Winter, 2017); page 6. (reprinted from the Denver Tribune Republican, Feb. 5, 1885.)
  20. ^ Exhibit No. 5. Casualties, 1891-'92, Annual Report of the Postmaster General of the United States for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1892, GPO, 1892; page 845. Gives time and location.
  21. ^ Train Blown Over, St. Paul daily globe (Saint Paul, Minn.), 02 April 1892; page 1. Historic American Newspaper collection, Library of Congress.
  22. ^ Swept by Fearful Winds, The Abbeville press and banner (Abbeville, S.C.), 20 April 1892; page 2. Historic American Newspaper collection, Library of Congress.
  23. ^ "NEWS BY MAIL". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 24 May 1892. p. 7. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  24. ^ "AMERICAN WIND STORM". The Northern Times. Carnarvon, WA: National Library of Australia. 2 September 1911. p. 5. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  25. ^ July 28-29 1986 Derecho "The Supercell Transition Derecho", part of the NOAA About Derechos web site, retrieved Aug. 2020.
  26. ^ Archive photos: June 1998 derecho hits the Iowa City area, The Cedar Rapids Gazette, retrieved Aug. 2020.
  27. ^ http://abc7chicago.com/archive/5875829/
  28. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYubpuIe3cw
  29. ^ Carlie Kollath Wells (27 April 2015). "Train cars blown off tracks on Huey P. Long Bridge, FOX 8 reports". The Times-Picayune.
  30. ^ Kyle Cheromcha, Bomb Cyclone Winds Blow Freight Train Off Railroad Bridge in New Mexico, The Drive, March 14, 2019
  31. ^ http://www.wirewd.com/wh/blog/bart_sucks/
  32. ^ http://www.thetransportpolitic.com/2010/01/06/crossing-the-bay-again-but-not-necessarily-with-bart/
  33. ^ http://homepage.mac.com/s_sloan/twar/ISSUE66/BODY.HTM[permanent dead link]
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ http://www.yunlong.com.au/pdf/Liu-CFD.pdf