List of wind-related railway accidents
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High winds can blow railway trains off tracks and cause accidents.
Dangers of high winds
High winds can cause problems in a number of ways:
- blow trains off the tracks
- blow trains or wagons along the tracks and cause collisions
- cause cargo to blow off trains which can damage objects outside the railway or which other trains can collide with
- cause pantographs and overhead wiring to tangle
- cause trees and other objects to fall onto the railway.
Risks from high winds can be reduced by:
- wind fences akin to snow sheds
- lower profile of carriages
- lowered centre of gravity of vehicles
- reduction in train speed or cancellation, at high winds
- a wider rail gauge
- improve overhead wiring with:
- regulated tension rather than fixed terminations
- shorter catenary spans
- solid conductors
- 1928 – 47 waggons blown along line at Tocumwal 
- 1931 – Kandos – wind blows level crossing gates closed in front of motor-cyclist 
- 1943 – Hobart, Tasmania; Concern that wind will blow over doubledeck trams on 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge if top deck enclosed.
- 2010 – Marla, South Australia; Small tornado blows over train.
- 1910 – Trieste (now in Italy) – train blown down embankment.
- Lanxin High-Speed Railway#Wind shed
- February 28, 2007 – Wind blows 10 passenger rail cars off the track near Turpan, China.
- Great Belt Bridge rail accident. On 2 January 2019 a DSB express passenger train is hit by a semi-trailer from a passing cargo train on the western bridge of the Great Belt Fixed Link during Storm Alfrida, killing eight people and injuring 16.
- On the night of 30 January 1925, strong winds derailed carriages of a train crossing the Owencarrow Viaduct of the 914 mm (3 ft) gauge Londonderry and Lough Swilly Railway.
- Makrellbekken (station)#Wind related accident – blowing snow disoriented a tractor driver who collided with a train
- Tay Bridge disaster 1879
- Chelford rail accident 1894 – during shunting
- De-wirements on the East Coast Main Line
- Leven Viaduct, Cumbria 27 February 1903
- Cheddington 2008 – two containers blown off train – design of "spigots" criticised.
- Moston 2015 – out of gauge train hits platform, throwing stones onto other track.
- Scout Green 2015 – empty 30-foot ISA container blown off train 
- On April 24, 1883, 2 cars of a passenger train were blown from the narrow-gauge Denver, South Park and Pacific Railroad tracks near Como, Colorado, with only minor injuries.
- Around 6:15 PM, May 6, 1876, a passenger train traveling south on the Illinois Central Railroad at about 23 miles per hour was derailed during a storm just south of Neoga, Illinois. Numerous minor injuries were reported.
- Around 7 AM, Feb. 23, 1884, 2 cars were blown off the narrow-gauge tracks of the Colorado Central Railroad near Georgetown, Colorado.
- Around 2 PM, February 4, 1885, the wind overturned an entire 3-car Colorado Central Railroad train just east of Georgetown, Colorado. The express train had slowed to 8 miles per hour because of the wind. 18 out of 20 passengers were injured.
- At 3:30 PM, April 1, 1892, a narrow-gauge passenger train of the Burlington and Northwestern Railway was blown off the tracks while running at full speed 1 mile east of Butler, a station between Fremont, Iowa and Hedrick, Iowa.; 4 were seriously injured, a dozen more suffered minor injuries. Note that the location places this on the Burlington and Western Railway tracks.
- On 2 September 1911 tram services in Charleston, South Carolina, were suspended due to winds.
- On June 28, 1986, a derecho derailed 18 piggyback cars on the Kate Shelley High Bridge over the Des Moines River in Iowa.
- On June 29, 1998, the Corn Belt Derecho blew several double stack and piggyback cars off the Iowa Interstate Railroad bridge across the Iowa River.
- A 2008 tornado in Northern Illinois derailed a Union Pacific train. Dramatic footage of the event was captured by a camera mounted on the train.
- On April 27, 2015 a severe storm knocked several double stack cars off the track as a train crossed the Huey P. Long Bridge, New Orleans, Louisiana, with no injuries. The accident was captured by a WGNO News Team dashcam.
- On March 13, 2019, mid-day winds of around 80 mph derailed the rear 26 cars of a double stack train on the Union Pacific high steel trestle over the Canadian River south of Logan, New Mexico.
- C. Proppe, C. Wetzel (2007). "Overturning Probability of Railway Vehicles under Wind Gust Loads". Iutam Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Nonlinear Systems with Uncertainty. IUTAM Book Series. Springer. 2: 23–32. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6332-9_3. ISBN 978-1-4020-6331-2.
- Kieper, Klaus; Preuß, Reiner; Rehbein, Elfriede (1982). "Bahnen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern". Schmalspurbahn-Archiv (in German) (2nd ed.). Berlin: Transpress. p. 116.
- "SEVERE WINDSTORM". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 8 October 1928. p. 8. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- "LEVEL CROSSING ACCIDENT". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 27 August 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Double-Deck Trams". The Mercury. Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 1 June 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- "FATAL RAILWAY ACCIDENT". Northern Star. 34. New South Wales, Australia. 4 April 1910. p. 3. Retrieved 26 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Six dead in train crash on Denmark's Great Belt Fixed Link". The Local DK. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- "GALE DERAILS TRAIN". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 21 October 1936. p. 16. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "TRAIN DERAILED". The Examiner. Launceston, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 21 October 1936. p. 8 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- "RAILWAY ACCIDENT". Zeehan and Dundas Herald. Tas.: National Library of Australia. 31 July 1895. p. 3. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Wind stalls Cape trains
- The Railway Magazine April 2015, p12
- The Railway Magazine April 2015, p12
- The Railway Magazine April 2015, p12
- Blown from the Track, Railroad Gazette, April 4, 1883; pages 285-286. Reprinted from the Apr. 25 'Denver Tribune'.
- Thrown off the Track, Chicago Daily Tribune, May 8, 1876, page 5. (Retrieved via Library of Congress Chronicling American archive).
- Two Cars Blown Off the Track, New York Times, Feb. 24, 1884.
- Train Wreck at Georgetown, February 4th, 1885, Rocky Mountain Railroad Heritage Society Newsletter, Vol. 3, No. 9 (Winter, 2017); page 6. (reprinted from the Denver Tribune Republican, Feb. 5, 1885.)
- Exhibit No. 5. Casualties, 1891-'92, Annual Report of the Postmaster General of the United States for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1892, GPO, 1892; page 845. Gives time and location.
- Train Blown Over, St. Paul daily globe (Saint Paul, Minn.), 02 April 1892; page 1. Historic American Newspaper collection, Library of Congress.
- Swept by Fearful Winds, The Abbeville press and banner (Abbeville, S.C.), 20 April 1892; page 2. Historic American Newspaper collection, Library of Congress.
- "NEWS BY MAIL". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 24 May 1892. p. 7. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- "AMERICAN WIND STORM". The Northern Times. Carnarvon, WA: National Library of Australia. 2 September 1911. p. 5. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- July 28-29 1986 Derecho "The Supercell Transition Derecho", part of the NOAA About Derechos web site, retrieved Aug. 2020.
- Archive photos: June 1998 derecho hits the Iowa City area, The Cedar Rapids Gazette, retrieved Aug. 2020.
- Carlie Kollath Wells (27 April 2015). "Train cars blown off tracks on Huey P. Long Bridge, FOX 8 reports". The Times-Picayune.
- Kyle Cheromcha, Bomb Cyclone Winds Blow Freight Train Off Railroad Bridge in New Mexico, The Drive, March 14, 2019
- http://homepage.mac.com/s_sloan/twar/ISSUE66/BODY.HTM[permanent dead link]
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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