List of wind deities

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The Hindu wind god, Vayu.

A wind god is a god who controls the wind(s). Air deities may also be considered here as wind is nothing more than moving air. Many polytheistic religions have one or more wind gods. They may also have a separate air god or a wind god may double as an air god. Sometimes even a water god.

European Mythology[edit]

Basque mythology[edit]

Finnish mythology[edit]

  • Ilmarinen, blacksmith and god of the wind, weather and air.
  • Tuuletar, goddess or spirit of the wind.

Greek mythology[edit]

  • Aeolus, keeper of the winds; later writers made him a full-fledged god
  • Anemoi, (in Greek, Ἄνεμοι—"winds") were the Greek wind gods
    • Boreas, god of the north wind and of winter
    • Eurus, god of the unlucky east or southeast wind
    • Notus, god of the south wind
    • Zephyrus, god of the west wind
    • Aparctias, another name for the north wind (not identified with Boreas)
    • Apheliotes, god of the east wind (when Eurus is considered southeast)
    • Argestes, another name for the west or northwest wind
    • Caicias, god of the northeast wind
    • Circios or Thraskias, god of the north-northwest wind
    • Euronotus, god of the southeast wind
    • Lips, god of the southwest wind
    • Skeiron, god of the northwest wind
  • Aura, the breeze personified
  • Aurai, nymphs of the breeze

Roman mythology[edit]

  • Cardea, goddess of health, thresholds, door hinges, and handles; associated with the wind
  • Venti, (Latin, "winds") deities equivalent to the Greek Anemoi

Norse mythology[edit]

  • Kári, son of Fornjót and brother to Ægir and Logi, god of wind, apparently as its personification, much like his brothers personify sea and fire.
  • Njord, god of the wind, especially as it concerns sailors
  • Odin, thought by some scholars to be a god of the air/breath

Celtic mythology[edit]

Lithuanian mythology[edit]

  • Vejopatis, god of the wind according to at least one tradition

Sami mythology[edit]

Slavic mythology[edit]

  • Dogoda is the goddess of the west wind, and of love and gentleness.
  • Stribog is the name of the Slavic god of winds, sky and air. He is said to be the ancestor (grandfather) of the winds of the eight directions.
  • Varpulis is the companion of the thunder god Perun who was known in Central Europe and Lithuania.

Egyptian mythology[edit]

  • Amun, god of creation and the wind
  • Henkhisesui, god of the east wind
  • Ḥutchai, god of the west wind
  • Qebui, god of the north wind who appears as a man with four ram heads or a winged ram with four heads
  • Shehbui, god of the south wind
  • Shu, god of the air

Mesopotamian mythology[edit]

  • Enlil, the Sumerian god of air, wind, breath, loft
  • Ninlil, goddess of the wind and consort of Enlil
  • Pazuzu, king of the wind demons, demon of the southwest wind, and son of the god Hanbi

Native American Mythology[edit]

Anishinaabe mythology[edit]

Aztec mythology[edit]

Statue of Ehecatl, on display at INAH

Cherokee mythology[edit]

Iroquois mythology[edit]

  • Da-jo-jo, mighty panther spirit of the west wind
  • Gǎ-oh, spirit of the wind
  • Ne-o-gah, cam dubs gentle fawn spirit of the south wind
  • O-yan-do-ne, moose spirit of the east wind
  • Ya-o-gah, destructive bear spirit of the north wind who is stopped by Gǎ-oh.

Inuit mythology[edit]

  • Silap Inua, the weather god who represents the breath of life and lures children to be lost in the tundra

Lakota mythology[edit]

  • Okaga, fertility goddess of the south winds
  • Taku Skanskan, capricious master of the four winds
  • Tate, a wind god or spirit in Lakota mythology
  • Waziya, giant of the north winds who brings icy weather, famine, and diseases
  • Wiyohipeyata, god of the west winds who oversees endings and events of the night
  • Wiyohiyanpa, god of the east winds who oversees beginnings and events of the day
  • Yum, the whirlwind son of Anog Ite

Mayan mythology[edit]

Navajo mythology[edit]

  • Niltsi, ally of the Heroic Twins and one of the guardians of the sun god's home.[3]

Pawnee mythology[edit]

  • Hotoru, the giver of breath invoked in religious ceremonies[4]

Quechua mythology[edit]

Taino[edit]

  • Guabancex, goddess of the wind and hurricanes

Asian Mythology[edit]

Chinese mythology[edit]

  • Fei Lian, the Chinese wind god; Feng Bo is the human form of Fei Lian
  • Feng Po Po, the Chinese wind goddess
  • Feng Closa, general of the wind
  • Han Zixian, assistant goddess of the wind

Japanese mythology[edit]

Korean mythology[edit]

Philippine Mythology[edit]

  • Amihan, the Tagalog and Visayan goddess of the northeast winds. She is also known as Alunsina.
  • Anitun Tabu, the fickle-minded ancient Tagalog goddess of wind and rain.
  • Apo Angin, the Ilocano god of wind.
  • Buhawi, the Tagalog god of whirlwinds and hurricanes' arcs. He is the enemy of Habagat.
  • Habagat, the Tagalog god of winds and also referred to as the god of rain, and is often associated with the rainy season. He rules the kingdom of silver and gold in the sky, or the whole Himpapawirin (atmosphere).
  • Lihangin, the Visayan god of the wind.
  • Linamin at Barat, the goddess of monsoon winds in Palawan.

Turco-Mongol[edit]

  • Szélatya, the Hungarian god of wind
  • Szélanya, the Hungarian goddess of wind and daughter of the primordial god Kayra
  • Zada, keeper of the precious Yada Tashy stone

Oceanic Mythology[edit]

Hawaiian mythology[edit]

  • Hine-Tu-Whenua, Hawaiian goddess of wind and safe journeys
  • La'a Maomao, Hawaiian god of the wind and forgiveness
  • Pakaa, Hawaiian god of the wind and inventor of the sail

Winds of Māui[edit]

The Polynesian trickster hero Māui captured or attempted to capture many winds during his travels.

Maori mythology[edit]

Indo-Iranian Mythology[edit]

Hindu/Vedic mythology[edit]

  • Maruts, attendants of Indra, sometimes the same as the below group of gods
  • Rudra, wind or storm god
  • Rudras, followers of Rudra
  • Vayu, god of wind

Iranian mythology[edit]

  • Vayu-Vata, two gods often paired together; the former was the god of wind and the latter was the god of the atmosphere/air

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://windlegends.org/windgods.htm
  2. ^ Yeats, William Butler, The Collected Poems, 1933 (First Scribner Paperback Poetry edition, 1996), ISBN 0-684-80731-9 "Sidhe is also Gaelic for wind, and certainly the Sidhe have much to do with the wind. They journey in whirling wind, the winds that were called the dance of the daughters of Herodias in the Middle Ages, Herodias doubtless taking the place of some old goddess. When old country people see the leaves whirling on the road they bless themselves, because they believe the Sidhe to be passing by." Yeats' Notes, p.454
  3. ^ http://glitternight.com/navajo-myth-clear/
  4. ^ http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/por/por82.htm