List of windmills in Schiedam

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The Windmills of Schiedam are the tallest windmills in the world. Of nearly 50 sites in and around the city, eight mills stand today. This list includes mills in former municipalities now incorporated into Schiedam.

Windmills[edit]

Name,
Coordinates
Type Year built Remarks Photograph
Babbersmolen
51°55′2.05″N 4°22′25.56″E / 51.9172361°N 4.3737667°E / 51.9172361; 4.3737667 (Babbersmolen)
Stellingmolen 1710 This drainage mill was working until 1924, when it was dismantled and truncated. It was rebuilt and restored in 2012.[1] Schiedam - Babbersmolen 13 mei 2013.JPG
Brandersmolen or Gekroonde Brandersketel
51°54′53″N 4°23′46″E / 51.914635°N 4.396203°E / 51.914635; 4.396203 (Brandersmolen)
Stellingmolen 1711 This malt mill was demolished in 1871.[2]
Clopmolen
51°55′06″N 4°23′31″E / 51.918418°N 4.391817°E / 51.918418; 4.391817 (Clopmolen)
Grondzeiler This hemp-beating mill was marked on maps dated 1598 and 1632.[3]
De Batavier
51°54′54″N 4°24′08″E / 51.915054°N 4.402212°E / 51.915054; 4.402212 (De Batavier)
Stellingmolen 1797 This malt mill worked until 1900 when the cap was removed. Shortly afterwas the tower was reduced to a stump, which was demolished between December 1906 and January 1907.[4]
De Cleenpoldermolen, Kethel
51°23′38″N 4°23′32″E / 51.393841°N 4.392098°E / 51.393841; 4.392098 (De Cleenpoldermolen)
Wipmolen A drainage mill was marked on a map of 1611. This was a small mill. It was demolished in 1903.[5]
De Drie Koornbloemen
51°55′3.53″N 4°23′33.64″E / 51.9176472°N 4.3926778°E / 51.9176472; 4.3926778 (De Drie Koornbloemen)
Stellingmolen 1770 This corn, pearl barley and saw mill worked until 1970. It was restored in 1976.[6] Schiedam molen De Drie Koornbloemen.jpg
De Eendragt
51°54′57″N 4°24′09″E / 51.915862°N 4.402412°E / 51.915862; 4.402412 (De Eendracht)
Stellingmolen 1778 A malt mill, it was demolished in 1907.[7]
De Gapert
51°54′49″N 4°23′55″E / 51.913504°N 4.398583°E / 51.913504; 4.398583 (De Gapert)
Standerdmolen 1634 This corn mill had gone by 1694.[8]
De Gapert
51°54′49″N 4°23′55″E / 51.913504°N 4.398583°E / 51.913504; 4.398583 (De Gapert)
Stellingmolen 1711 This corn and malt mill was burnt out on 24 January 1864. It was replaced by a steam mill with the same name.[9] Foundation stone of De Gapert
De Hoop or Jefferson's Molen
51°54′48″N 4°24′02″E / 51.913306°N 4.400680°E / 51.913306; 4.400680 (De Hoop)
Stellingmolen 1727 This malt mill was partly demolished in 1900, leaving a five-storey stump which was demolished in 1907.[10] Korenmolen De Hoop bij Oranjebrug - Schiedam - 20197179 - RCE.jpg
De Kameel
51°55′11″N 4°24′06″E / 51.919687°N 4.401572°E / 51.919687; 4.401572 (De Kameel)
Stellingmolen 1715 This malt mill was working until the cap and sails were blown off on 20 March 1865. The tower was demolished in January 1868.[11]
De Kameel
51°55′10″N 4°24′4.17″E / 51.91944°N 4.4011583°E / 51.91944; 4.4011583 (De Kameel)
Stellingmolen 2010 This corn mill also generates electricity. It stands close to the site of the original De Kameel.[12] De Kameel.jpg
De Kopermolen
51°54′31″N 4°22′57″E / 51.908702°N 4.382496°E / 51.908702; 4.382496 (De Kopermolen)
Unknown 1781 This drainage mill was last mentioned in 1783.[13]
De Meyboom, De Meijboom, De Meiboom
51°54′51″N 4°24′08″E / 51.914263°N 4.402171°E / 51.914263; 4.402171 (De Meyboom)
stellingmolen 1779 This corn mill was demolished in 1860, leaving a three storey stump, which was demolished in 1926.[14]
De Morgenzon
51°54′26″N 4°24′30″E / 51.907095°N 4.408228°E / 51.907095; 4.408228 (De Morgenzon)
Stellingmolen 1780 This mill was built as a cement mill. It was later a white lead mill and a snuff mill. It was demolished c. 1810.[15]
De Nieuwe Palmboom
51°55′14.61″N 4°23′55.37″E / 51.9207250°N 4.3987139°E / 51.9207250; 4.3987139 (De Nieuwe Palmboom)
Stellingmolen 1992 This corn mill was built of the stump of the original De Palmboom.[16] Schiedam molen De Nieuwe Palmboom.jpg
De Nolet
51°54′27.18″N 4°24′29.61″E / 51.9075500°N 4.4082250°E / 51.9075500; 4.4082250 (De Nolet)
Stellingmolen 2005 Wind turbine built in the style of a stellingmolen. Schiedam windmolen Nolet.jpg
De Noord
51°55′13.81″N 4°23′49.01″E / 51.9205028°N 4.3969472°E / 51.9205028; 4.3969472 (De Noord)
Stellingmolen 1803 This corn mill worked until 1937, when it was dismantled leaving the tower standing. It was restored in 1962. It is the tallest windmill in the world.[17] Schiedam molen De Noord.jpg
De Palmboom
51°55′15″N 4°23′55″E / 51.920759°N 4.398685°E / 51.920759; 4.398685 (De Palmboom)
Stellingmolen 1781 This malt and rye mill was burnt out on 19 August 1901. It was subsequently demolished leaving a two storey stump. A third storey was added in 1955. De Nieuwe Palmboom was built on the stump in 1987-89.[18] Korenmolen De Palmboom, verbrand 19-8-1901 - Schiedam - 20197166 - RCE.jpg
De Ploeg or Ploegmolen
51°54′29″N 4°24′27″E / 51.908194°N 4.407376°E / 51.908194; 4.407376 (De Ploeg)
Stellingmolen 1782 A pearl barley mill, also later a malt mill. Demolished in 1902.[19]
De Steene Moole
51°54′51″N 4°24′07″E / 51.914098°N 4.401869°E / 51.914098; 4.401869 (De Steee Moole)
Stellingmolen 1683 This corn mill was demolished in 1773. De Meyboom was built to replace it.[20]
De Ster or Starremolen
51°55′08″N 4°23′35″E / 51.918877°N 4.392926°E / 51.918877; 4.392926 (De Ster)
Stellingmolen 1716 A distillery mill, it was burnt down in 1823.[21]
De Vlijt
51°54′35″N 4°24′33″E / 51.909826°N 4.409055°E / 51.909826; 4.409055 (De Vlijt)
Paltrokmolen 1788 This saw mill was demolished in 1880.[22]
De Vrijheid
51°55′11.09″N 4°23′41.26″E / 51.9197472°N 4.3947944°E / 51.9197472; 4.3947944 (De Vrijheid)
Stellingmolen 1785 This corn mill worked until c.1950. It was restored in 1972.[23] Schiedam molen De Vrijheid.jpg
De Walvisch
51°54′56.4″N 4°23′42.59″E / 51.915667°N 4.3951639°E / 51.915667; 4.3951639 (De Walvisch)
Stellingmolen 1794 This corn mill was damaged by fire on 9 December 1938, the bottom four floors were severely affected. It was restored in 1970 but was burnt out on 14 February 1996. The mill was restored in 1998.[24] Schiedam molen De Walvisch.jpg
De Washington, De Wilhelmina
51°55′01″N 4°24′09″E / 51.916907°N 4.402389°E / 51.916907; 4.402389 (De Washington)
Stellingmolen 1792 This malt mill was renamed De Wilhelmina in 1898. It was demolished October-November 1903.[25]
De Wipmolen or De Beukmolen
51°55′15″N 4°23′55″E / 51.920759°N 4.398685°E / 51.920759; 4.398685 (De Wipmolen)
Wipstellingmolen 1709 A drainage mill that burnt down on 5 August 1733.[26]
De Witte or Witte Molen
51°55′06″N 4°24′08″E / 51.918397°N 4.402153°E / 51.918397; 4.402153 (De Witte)
Stellingmolen 1792 A malt mill, it was demolished in 1892.[27]
Hargmolen, Kethel
51°55′51″N 4°23′01″E / 51.930753°N 4.383677°E / 51.930753; 4.383677 (Hargmolen)
Grondzeiler This drainage mill was standing in 1479. It burnt down in 1574.[28]
Hargmolen, Kethel
51°55′51″N 4°23′01″E / 51.930753°N 4.383677°E / 51.930753; 4.383677 (Hargmolen)
Grondzeiler 1575 This drainage mill was demolished in 1877.[29]
Hargmolen, Kethel
51°55′51″N 4°23′01″E / 51.930753°N 4.383677°E / 51.930753; 4.383677 (Hargmolen)
Grondzeiler 1877 This drainage mill was moved here from Kortenoord, South Holland. It was demolished in 1925. It was replaced by a diesel powered pump. The base survives, used as a dwelling.[30] Hargmolen, gedeelte gesloopte molen - Kethel - 20125137 - RCE.jpg
Kleine Babbersmolen, Kethel
51°54′45″N 4°22′24″E / 51.912470°N 4.373199°E / 51.912470; 4.373199 (Kleine Babbersmolen)
Wipmolen A drainage mill was marked on a map dated 1611. It was not marked on a map of 1712.[31]
Kleine Babbersmolen, Kethel
51°54′45″N 4°22′24″E / 51.912470°N 4.373199°E / 51.912470; 4.373199 (Kleine Babbersmolen)
Grondzeiler 1852 This drainage mill was demolished at the start of the C20th.[32]
Korenmolen van Symon Bouman Unknown This corn mill was sold in 1607-08 and rebuilt elsewhere as a drainage mill.[33]
Molen van Bregman, Kethel
51°55′30″N 4°22′50″E / 51.925027°N 4.380490°E / 51.925027; 4.380490 (Molen van Bregman)
Stellingmolen 1879 This corn mill worked by wind until 1924. The tower was reduced to a three storey stump in 1936. It stands today, used as a dwelling.[34] Ronde stenen stellingmolen van achteren gefotografeerd - Kethel - 20125152 - RCE.jpg
Nieuwlandsche Poldermolen, Kethel en Spaland
51°55′15″N 4°22′40″E / 51.920716°N 4.377738°E / 51.920716; 4.377738 (Nieuwlandsche Poldermolen)
Grondzeiler A drainage mill was marked on a map of 1560 The grondzeiler here was demolished in 1888 and replaced by a larger mill.[35] Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch 001.jpg
Nieuwlandsche Poldermolen, Kethel en Spaland
51°55′15″N 4°22′40″E / 51.920716°N 4.377738°E / 51.920716; 4.377738 (Nieuwlandsche Poldermolen)
Grondzeiler 1888 This drainage mill was moved here from Ouderkerk aan den IJssel, South Holland. It was burnt down by German forces on 5 October 1944.[36] Grondzeiler met zeilen op de wieken van voren gefotografeerd - Kethel - 20125154 - RCE.jpg
Nieuw Mathenessermolen
51°54′40″N 4°24′49″E / 51.911148°N 4.413517°E / 51.911148; 4.413517 (Nieuw Mathenessermolen)
Wipmolen A drainage mill was standing on this site in 1560.[37]
Nieuw Mathenessermolen
51°54′40″N 4°24′49″E / 51.911148°N 4.413517°E / 51.911148; 4.413517 (Nieuw Mathenessermolen)
Grondzeiler 1791 This drainage mill was demolished in 1923.[38]
Noirtmolen, Noortcoornmolen, Noordmolen
51°55′13″N 4°23′52″E / 51.920355°N 4.397691°E / 51.920355; 4.397691 (Noirtmolen)
Standerdmolen A mill stood on this site in 1446. A corn mill that stood here was demolished in 1707, and was replaced by a stellingmolen.[39]
Noordmolen, Kethel
51°57′31″N 4°23′45″E / 51.958613°N 4.395756°E / 51.958613; 4.395756 (Noordmolen)
Unknown 1576 A drainage mill here was struck by lightning and burnt down on 6 November 1834.[40]
Noordmolen, Kethel
51°57′31″N 4°23′45″E / 51.958613°N 4.395756°E / 51.958613; 4.395756 (Noordmolen)
Grondzeiler 1834 This drainage mill was demolished in 1872. It was replaced by a steam-powered pumping station.[40]
Noort Moole
51°55′13″N 4°23′52″E / 51.920355°N 4.397691°E / 51.920355; 4.397691 (Noort Moole)
Stellingmolen 1711 This was originally a corn mill, later it was a malt mill. It was demolished in 1803 and replaced by a larger mill built 50 metres (55 yd) to the north west.[41]
Oostmolen
51°55′04″N 4°24′07″E / 51.917776°N 4.402036°E / 51.917776; 4.402036 (Oostmolen)
Stellingmolen 1727 This malt mill was demolished in 1899, leaving a two storey stump which was used as a packhouse for bananas. The stump was demolished in 1962.[42]
Oud Burgemeester Knappert
51°54′26″N 4°24′40″E / 51.907263°N 4.411087°E / 51.907263; 4.411087 (Oud Burgemeester Knappert)
Stellingmolen 1862 A saw mill, the smock was demolished in 1910 when a steam engine took over. The rest was demolished in 1965.[43]
Oud Mathenesserpoldermolen
51°55′27″N 4°24′31″E / 51.924169°N 4.408714°E / 51.924169; 4.408714 (Oud Mathenesserpoldermolen=)
Wipmolen A drainage mill was built in 1469. The wipmolen on this site was demolished in 1780 to make way for a grondzeiler.[44]
Oud Mathenesserpoldermolen
51°55′27″N 4°24′31″E / 51.924169°N 4.408714°E / 51.924169; 4.408714 (Oud Mathenesserpoldermolen=)
Grondzeiler, later stellingmolen 1780 This drainage mill was heightened in 1888. It was demolished in 1910 and replaced by a steam powered pumping station.[45]
Schravemolen
51°55′50″N 4°24′29″E / 51.930509°N 4.407965°E / 51.930509; 4.407965 (Schravemolen)
Grondzeiler c.1560 This drainage mill worked until 1897, when a steam engine was built to drain the 's-Gravenlandsepolder. It was subsequently demolished.[46]
's-Gravelandse polder molen
51°55′35″N 4°24′32″E / 51.926408°N 4.408781°E / 51.926408; 4.408781 ('s-Gravelandse polder)
Wipmolen A drainage mill was marked on a map dated 1560. It had gone by 1611.[47]
Suytwintcorenmolen
51°54′51″N 4°24′05″E / 51.914193°N 4.401416°E / 51.914193; 4.401416 (Suytwintcorenmolen)
Standerdmolen A mill stood on this site in 1383. In 1683, a mill on this site was demolished. It was replaced by De Steenen Molen.[48]
West Abtsemolen
51°55′55″N 4°23′05″E / 51.931813°N 4.384584°E / 51.931813; 4.384584 (West Abtsemolen)
Grondzeiler A drainage mill stood on this site in 1479. The mill here was raised in 1739. It was demolished in 1875.[49]
West Abtsemolen
51°55′55″N 4°23′05″E / 51.931813°N 4.384584°E / 51.931813; 4.384584 (West Abtsemolen)
Grondzeiler 1875 This drainage mill was raised in 1893. It was demolished in 1924 and replaced by a diesel-powered pump. The base was left, which survives as a dwelling.[50] Grondzeiler, van achteren gefotografeerd, aan de poldervaart ca.1900-1920 - Kethel - 20125143 - RCE.jpg
West Frankenland Poldermolen
51°54′14″N 4°24′21″E / 51.903802°N 4.405728°E / 51.903802; 4.405728
Unknown This mill drained the West Frankenland Polder. It was standing in 1834.[51]
Westmolen
51°54′59″N 4°23′39″E / 51.916505°N 4.394141°E / 51.916505; 4.394141 (Westmolen)
Standerdmolen 1580 This corn mill was replaced by a stellingmolen in 1709.[52]
Westmolen
51°54′59″N 4°23′39″E / 51.916505°N 4.394141°E / 51.916505; 4.394141 (Westmolen)
Stellingmolen 1711 This malt mill was demolished in 1869. A steam-powered mill was built on its site in 1870.[53]
Wijk Ten Toorn or Wijk den Toorn
51°54′33″N 4°24′20″E / 51.909275°N 4.405579°E / 51.909275; 4.405579 (Wijk Ten Toorn)
Stellingmolen 1723 This sawmill was partly dismantled in 1886-88, and was burnt down in 1912.[54]
Zuidmolen
51°54′42″N 4°24′08″E / 51.911629°N 4.402313°E / 51.911629; 4.402313
Stellingmolen 1717 This malt and tanning mill was burnt out in 1835. The remains had been demolished by 1846.[55]
Zuidmolen, Kethel
51°57′02″N 4°23′42″E / 51.950644°N 4.395088°E / 51.950644; 4.395088 (Zuidmolen)
c.1557 The Zuidmolen was marked on a map dated 1557. It was destroyed in 1574.[56]
Zuidmolen, Kethel
51°57′02″N 4°23′42″E / 51.950644°N 4.395088°E / 51.950644; 4.395088 (Zuidmolen)
1574 The mill was built in 1574. It was replaced by a new mill in 1828.[56]
Zuidmolen, Kethel
51°57′02″N 4°23′42″E / 51.950644°N 4.395088°E / 51.950644; 4.395088 (Zuidmolen)
Grondzeiler 1828 The drainage mill was built in 1828. It ceased to work in 1884. The smock burnt down on 13 April 1954, leaving a single storey base used as a house. This was demolished on 19 September 2005 and a new two-storey octagonal house built on the site.[56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Schiedam, South Holland. Babbersmolen" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Brandersmolen / Gekroonde Brandersketel, Schiedam" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "Clopmolen, Schiedam" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "De Batavier, Schiedam" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
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  8. ^ "De Gapert, Schiedam" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "De Gapert, Schiedam" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "De Hoop / Jefferson's Molen, Schiedam" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
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