List of windmills in Scotland

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A list of windmills in Scotland.

Locations[edit]

Aberdeenshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Aberdeen Windmill Hill Mill 1661 1661
Ellon Hilton Mill
NJ 942 342
Tower 1867 1787 Converted to horse mill 1880. Afterwards steam powered until 1924. Worked by tractor until 1956.
Fraserburgh Fraserburgh Mill
NJ 994 669
Tower 1869 Disused by 1869
Inverallochy Mains of Cairnbulg
NK 024 642
Invernettie Glenugie Distillery
NK 125 442
Tower 1822 Glenugie distillery.jpg
Longmanhill Montbletton
NJ 721 611
Late 18th or early 19th century Late 18th or early 19th century
Lonmay Savoch Mill
Strathbeg Mill
NK 056 586
Tower 1870 1840
Peterhead Windmill Street Tower 1794 Demolished 1937
St Combs Quarryhill
NK 053 626

Angus[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Arbroath Millgate 17th century 1832
Forfar Bankhead Mill
NO 453 513
Tower Early 19th century
Forfar Tower 1644 Demolished 1838
Kinnell Bolshan Mill
NO 620 521
Tower
Kirkden Dumbarrow Mill
NO 549 471
Tower 1859 1859 Dumbarrow windmill.jpg
Montrose 1693 1693
Montrose Rossie Mill Demolished 18th century
Montrose Rossie Mill 18th century 18th century
Sorn Sorn Mill
NS 548 264
1857

Ayrshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Ballantrae Ballantrae Mill
NX 091 833
Tower 1773
1855
Ruin by 1799
Monkton Monkton Mill
NS 362 281
Tower 1773 1773 converted to dovecot early 19th century Monkton windmill.jpg
Saltcoats

Banffshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Fordyce Sandend Mill
Glasshaugh Mill[1]
NJ 560 657
Tower 1866 1761[1] Ruin by 1866. Glasshaugh windmill.jpg
Gamrie Montbletton Mill
NJ 721 611
tower Late 18th or early 19th century
Gamrie Northfield Mill
NJ 823 661
Tower 1798

Berwickshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Ayton Gunsgreenhill Mill
NT 948 637
Tower
Gordon Rumbletonlaw Mill
NT 676 453
Tower Early 19th century
Swinton Swinton Mill
NT 833 474
Tower 1858 Late 18th century
Swinton Swintonmill
NT 814 459
Tower 1813
Stow Mitchelston Mill
NT 462 481
Tower Late 18th or early 19th century

Caithness[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Achscrabster ND 083 636
Hopefield ND 075 676
Langland ND 078 675
Olrig Castlehill Mill
ND 195 685
Tower 1873 1860s Castlehill Mill.jpg

Clackmannanshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Alloa New Sauchie Mill
NS 897 950
Tower Converted to dovecot

Dumfriesshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Annan NY 194 672 1828 1828 Demolished mid-19th century
Collin Post 1670 1700
Dumfries Maxwelltown
NX 968 758
tower 1850 1798 Converted to observatory 1834 Dumfries Museum (windmill).jpg
Hoddam Shortrigg Mill
NY 162 744
Tower Late 18th or early 19th century
Kirkmahoe Duncow Mill
NX 974 838
Tower 1828
1855
Late or early 17th century Ruin by 1855 Duncow windmill.jpg
Mouswald Mouswald Grange Mill
NY 053 734
Tower 1828
1856
Late 18th century Working until c. 1925 Mouswald Grange windmill.jpg
Rigg NY 288 668 1828 1828 Demolished mid-19th century
Stoneykirk NX 096 524 Post 19th century
Whithorn NX 444 398 Tower Late 18th century Working in 1825

East Lothian[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Athelstaneford Athelstaneford Mains
NT 541 771
1824 1824 1824
Dunbar Bielside Mill
NT 654 738
Tower 1853 Late 18th century Bielside windmill.jpg
Dunbar Oxwellmains Mill
NT 720 763
Tower 1853 Late 18th century Ruin by 1853
Dunbar Oxwellmains
NT 703 763
1824 1824 1824
Dunbar Knockenhair Mill
NT 670 789
Tower 1853 17th century Ruin by 1853
Dunbar East Barns Mill
NT 717 763
1824 1824 Demolished mid-19th century
North Berwick Balgone Barns Mill
NT 553 828
Tower Late 17th century Converted to dovecot by 1799 Balgone Barns windmill.jpg
Papple NT 591 725 1824 1824 1824
Penston NT 445 725 Tower 1824 17th century Demolished during World War II
Phantassie Phantassie Mill
NT 597 773
Tower 1824 1824 1824
West Peaston 1824 1824 1824

Fife[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Anstruther
Crail
Collessie Melville Mill
NO 303 127
Tower Late 18th century Converted to dovecot
Dunfermline Hill House Mill
NT 091 859
Tower 17th century Converted to dovecot Hill House Mill, Dunfermline.jpg
Elie (several mills) Vertical axle mills 18th century 18th century
Inverkeithing Mid-18th century Mid-18th century
Inverkeithing Prathouse Moor 1819 1819
Kingsbarns c. 1885 c. 1885
Kircaldy Dysart Mill
NT 299 934
Tower 1854 Late 17th or early 18th century Ruin by 1854
Largo
St Monans St Monans Mill
NO 534 019
Tower 1853 Late 18th century Ruin by 1853, now restored St Monans windmill.jpg
Torryburn NT 028 856 19th century 19th century

Forfarshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Montrose Montrose Lunatic Asylum Vertical axis 1895[2] Demolished 1925[3] James blythe turbine.jpg

Invernessshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Fort George Tower Demolished 1910s
Inverness Longman Road Mill Tower
South Kessock NH 658 470 Tower 1827 Demolished 1943

Kirkcudbrightshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Kirkcudbright Cannee Mill
NX 687 501
Tower

Kincardineshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Marykirk Vertical axis 1887[4] 1912[2] James Blyth's 1891 windmill.jpg

Lanarkshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Carluke High Mill
NS 849 508
Tower 1816
1859
1797
Glasgow Windmillcroft
NS 589 647
1788 17th century Demolished c. 1800
Hamilton NS 718 557 Tower 1816 Late 18th century 1816
Motherwell There was never a windmill in Motherwell. Confusion because of Windy Hill Road 18th century?
Shettleston 1737 Blown down 13 January 1740

Midlothian[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Cousland
Cranston Edgehead Mill
NT 372 651
1894 1894
Edinburgh Belford Mill
NT 233 737
Tower 1852 1759
Edinburgh George Square 17th century 17th century
Leith Leith Mill
NT 272 767
Late 17th century
Leith Mylne's Mill[5]
NT 271 786
Tower 1686[5] Converted to signal tower early 19th century Malmaison Hotel, Leith.jpg

Morayshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Advie North Callange
NO 122 420
Tower Late 18th or early 19th century
Drainie Gordonstoun Mill Tower Mid-18th century Converted to dovecot
Loch Spynie c. 1720 Mid-18th century

Orkney[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Birsay Vinbreck Wind engine 1909 1909
North Ronaldsay Peckhole Mill
HY 762 528
Post 1879 19th century Ceased work 1908
North Ronaldsay Wind engine c. 1900 c. 1900
Orphir Chinegar Wind engine 1910 1939
Papa Westray Holland Farm Mill
HY 489 513
Post 1879 1879 Demolished 1926
Papa Westray Hookin Mill
HY 499 513
Wind engine 1901 1901
Papa Westray Gowrie mill
HY 497 537
Wind engine
Papa Westray Maeback Mill
HY 495 524
Wind engine Demolished 1930
Papa Westray North Via Mill
HY 498 532
Wind engine 1901 1901 1940s
Papa Westray Roadside Mill
HY 495 525
Wind engine
Papa Westray South Via Mill
HY 498 532
Wind engine Working until 1958
Papa Westray The Links, Pierowall
HY 441 498
Wind engine
Papa Westray Dykeside Wind engine
Sanday Scar Mill, Burness
HY 673 449
Post
South Ronaldsay Kirkhouse Point Mill
ND 470 907
Post 1879 1879
Westray Helzie, Rapness
HY 507 406
Post 1901
Westray Sanquhar, Rapness
HY 508 417
Wind engine Working until 1950
Westray Swartaback, Rapness
HY 495 428
Wind engine 1901 1901
Westray Hillhouse, Skelwick
HY 488 444
Wind engine

Perthshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Broughty Ferry Tower 1853 Demolished late 19th century, had five sails
Dunbarney Dunbarney Mill
NO 107 184
Tower 1860 Late 17th or early 18th century Dunbarney mill.jpg
Dundee South Union Street
Dundee (west of town)
Dundee
Dunkeld NO 021 425 Tower 1693 1693

Renfrewshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Greenock George Square 1768 1768
Paisley

Rossshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Easter Ross Tarrell Wind engine 19th century 19th century
Easter Ross Arboll Wind engine 19th century 19th century

Roxburghshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Eckford Caverton Mill
NT 749 257
Tower 1859 Late 18th century Caverton Mill, Eckford.jpg

Stirlingshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Airth Dunmore Mill
NS 862 894
Tower 1860 18th century Disused by 1860
Airth Early 18th century Early 18th century
Muiravonside Myrehead Mill
NS 965 775
Tower Late 18th century Myrehead.jpg

West Lothian[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Bo'ness Bridgeness Mill
NT 013 815
Tower 1750 Converted to observatory 19th century[6]

Wigtownshire[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
Kirkinner Barwhanny Mill
NX 411 493
Tower Late 18th or early 19th century
Kirkmaiden Logan Mill
NX 116 438
Tower 1826
1847
1684 Ruin by 1847 Logan windmill.jpg
Stoneykirk Stoneykirk Mill
NX 095 522
Tower 1847 Ruin by 1847

Shetland[edit]

Location Name of mill Type Maps First mention
or built
Last mention
or demise
Photograph
South Havra[7]

Sources[edit]

Unless stated otherwise, the source for all entries is Douglas, G., Oglethorpe, M., and Hume, J. R., (1984). Scottish Windmills. University of Strathclyde: Scottish Industrial Archaeology Survey.  or "SCOTTISH WINDMILLS - AN OUTLINE AND INVENTORY" (PDF). Scottish Antiquaries Society. 

Maps[edit]

  • 1773 Armstrong
  • 1788 John McArthur
  • 1816 Forrest
  • 1824 Fowler
  • 1826 Johnson
  • 1828 John Thomson
  • All other dates are Ordnance Survey maps.

Notes[edit]

Mills in bold are still standing, known building dates are indicated in bold. Text in italics denotes indicates that the information is not confirmed, but is likely to be the case stated.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Glasshaugh Windmill". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  2. ^ a b "Renewable energy and role of Marykirk's James Blyth". The Courier. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  3. ^ "Making Scotland's landscape: The Climate". 11 December 2010. BBC Scotland Television.  Missing or empty |series= (help)
  4. ^ Price, Trevor J. (2004). "Blyth, James (1839–1906)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/100957.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ a b "Mylne's Mill". britainexpress.com. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  6. ^ "Coal and Bo'ness". bo-ness.org. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  7. ^ "Windmills of Scotland". Windmill World. Retrieved 2008-11-06.