List of wine-producing regions

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Main wine-producing areas in the world

This list of wine-producing regions catalogues significant growing regions where vineyards are planted. Wine grapes mostly grow between the 30th and the 50th degree of latitude, in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Grapes will sometimes grow beyond this range and minor amounts of wine are made in some very unexpected places.

In 2014, the five largest producers of wine in the world were, in order, Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China (see list of wine-producing countries for a complete rank).

Countries[edit]

The following is a list of the top wine-producing countries and their volume of wine production for the year 2014 in metric tonnes, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which is an agency of the United Nations; this is the latest information available from the FAO.

Their data show a total worldwide production of 31 million tonnes (1,000 kg) of wine (which roughly corresponds to 1,000 l) with the top 15 producing countries accounting for over 90% of the total.[1]

A colour-coded map of 2013 global wine production
Map of global wine production in 2013
Wine production by country in 2014
Rank Country
(with link to wine article)
Production
(tonnes)
1 Italy Italy 4,796,900
2 Spain Spain 4,607,850
3 France France 4,293,466
4 United States United States 3,300,000
5 China China 1,700,000
6 Argentina Argentina 1,498,380
7 Chile Chile 1,214,000
8 Australia Australia 1,186,343
9 South Africa South Africa 1,146,006
10 Germany Germany 920,200
11 Portugal Portugal 603,327
12 Romania Romania 378,283
13 Greece Greece 334,300
14 Russia Russia 327,400
15 New Zealand New Zealand 320,400
16 Brazil Brazil 273,100
17 Hungary Hungary 258,520
18 Austria Austria 199,869
19 Serbia Serbia 198,183
20 Moldova Moldova 149,850
21 Bulgaria Bulgaria 130,500
22 Georgia (country) Georgia 108,600
23 Switzerland Switzerland 93,365
24 Ukraine Ukraine 86,904
25 Japan Japan 85,000
26 Peru Peru 73,000
27 Uruguay Uruguay 72,500
28 Canada Canada 54,663
29 Algeria Algeria 52,000
30 Czech Republic Czech Republic 52,000
31 North Macedonia North Macedonia 51,013
32 Croatia Croatia 45,272
33 Turkey Turkey 44,707
34 Mexico Mexico 39,360
35 Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 39,000
36 Morocco Morocco 37,000
37 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 36,000
38 Slovakia Slovakia 32,527
39 Belarus Belarus 29,980
40 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 21,993
41 Tunisia Tunisia 21,500
42 Albania Albania 24,000
43 Montenegro Montenegro 16,000
44 Lebanon Lebanon 14,700
45 Slovenia Slovenia 13,229
46 Colombia Colombia 13,000
47 Luxembourg Luxembourg 12,494
48 Cuba Cuba 12,080
49 Estonia Estonia 11,104
50 Cyprus Cyprus 10,302
51 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 9,512
52 Bolivia Bolivia 9,422
53 Madagascar Madagascar 8,350
54 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 7,524
55 Armenia Armenia 6,174
56 Lithuania Lithuania 6,005
57 Egypt Egypt 5,000
58 Israel Israel 5,000
59 Belgium Belgium 2,900
60 Latvia Latvia 2,450
61 Malta Malta 2,426
62 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1,750
63 Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 1,700
64 Paraguay Paraguay 1,500
65 Ethiopia Ethiopia 1,297
66 Jordan Jordan 550
67 United Kingdom United Kingdom 425
68 Panama Panama 159
69 Tajikistan Tajikistan 150
70 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 79
71 Syria Syria 70
72 Poland Poland 49
73 Réunion Reunion 30

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Cape Verde[edit]

Morocco[edit]

South Africa[edit]

A vineyard in the Stellenbosch region, South Africa

Tunisia[edit]

Americas[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Argentine wine regions

Bolivia[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

Chile[edit]

Chile's topography with the location of most of Chile's wine regions highlighted

Mexico[edit]

Peru[edit]

United States[edit]

A complete listing of federally defined wine regions, called American Viticultural Areas, is available here.
Vineyard on South Bass Island

Uruguay[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

The wine-producing enterprise for Venezuela can be found here.

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Austria[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Cyprus[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

France[edit]

Map of wine regions in France

Georgia[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Greek wine regions

Hungary[edit]

Wine regions in Hungary

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

"Chianti" areas in Tuscany

Latvia[edit]

Lithuania[edit]

Luxembourg[edit]

Moldova[edit]

Montenegro[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

North Macedonia[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Portuguese wine regions

Romania[edit]

Banat wine regions:

Crişana wine regions:

Dobrogea wine regions:

Moldavia wine regions:

Muntenia wine regions:

Oltenia wine regions:

Transylvania wine regions:

Russia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Wine regions of Serbia

Slovakia[edit]

Wine-producing regions in Slovakia

Slovenia[edit]

The three wine regions in Slovenia

Spain[edit]

Spanish wine-producing regions

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Wine-producing regions in Turkey

Ukraine[edit]

In Ukraine, at the present time there are seven administrative regions (provinces) in which the wine industry has developed. Given the favorable climatic location, the law of Ukraine allocated 15 winegrowing areas (macrozones), which are the basis for growing certain varieties of grapes, and 58 natural wine regions (microzones). These are located mainly in the following areas.

United Kingdom[edit]

In the UK, the area under vines is small, and whilst viticulture is not a major part of the rural economy, significant planting of new vines has occurred in the early 21st century. The greatest concentration of vineyards is found in the south east of England, in the counties of Hampshire, Kent, Surrey, and Sussex.

Asia[edit]

Burma[edit]

China[edit]

Regions producing native wines have been present since the Qin Dynasty,[14] with wines being brought to China from Persia. Some of the more famous wine-producing regions are:

With the import of Western wine-making technologies, especially French technology, production of wines similar to modern French wine has begun in many parts of China with the direction of experienced French wine-makers; China is now the sixth largest producer of wine in the world. The following regions produce significant quality of wine:

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Indonesia has been producing wine for over 18 years, with North Bali's vineyards producing three main grape varieties: the Belgia, the Alphonse Lavallee and the Probolinggo Biru. The main producer, Hatten Wines, has revolutionized the world of winemaking, with eight wines produced from these three varieties.

Iran[edit]

Prior to the Iranian Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran was a producer of wine. While production has stopped, the vineyards continue to exist and their product has been diverted to non-alcoholic purposes.

Israel[edit]

Also includes wine regions in Israeli-occupied territories.

Japan[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Republic of Korea[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Palestinian territories[edit]

Syria[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Australian geographic indications by state

Geographic indications for Australian wine are governed by law. The geographic indication must indicate where the grapes are grown, irrespective of where the wine itself is made. A geographic indication may be "Australia", "South Eastern Australia", a state name, zone, region or subregion if defined.[19]

The zones, regions and subregions in each state are listed below:

New South Wales[edit]

Queensland[edit]

South Australia[edit]

Adelaide Super Zone includes Mount Lofty Ranges, Fleurieu and Barossa wine zones.

Tasmania[edit]

Regions, no zones defined
  • Coal River
  • Derwent Valley
  • East Coast
  • North West
  • Pipers River
  • Southern
  • Tamar Valley

Victoria[edit]

Western Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

GI stands for New Zealand Geographical Indication.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 14 later withdrew their recognition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wine production (tons)". Food and Agriculture Organization. 6 October 2015. p. 1. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e "The History of Vineyards in Algeria". Atlasian Cellars Meghdir & Sons. 2005. Retrieved 2005-04-07.
  3. ^ virginiawines.org Archived 2001-09-30 at the Library of Congress Web Archives
  4. ^ Niagara Escarpment
  5. ^ http://www.czechtourism.com/a/prague-vineyards/
  6. ^ "Schweiz Aargau und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  7. ^ "Schweiz Bern und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  8. ^ "Schweiz – Kt. Freiburg und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  9. ^ "Schweiz – Kt. St.Gallen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  10. ^ "Schweiz – Kt. Schaffhausen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  11. ^ "Thurgau – Der Ostschweizer Kanton und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  12. ^ "Zürich und seine Weingebiete – Wine of Zurich". www.ernestopauli.ch.
  13. ^ a b "Grapes grown for wine production in Turkey". Yazgan Winery. 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2007-11-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ a b c d e Chinese Markets for Wines :wines-info Archived 2007-11-27 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-15. Retrieved 2009-06-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Anseong Culture Tour". City of Anseong.
  18. ^ Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Wine Korea Official Site of Korea Tourism Organization
  19. ^ "Register of Protected Names Section (a) Australian GI". Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
  20. ^ "Western Australia's Wine Regions". Western Australia. Retrieved 2010-11-25.