List of winners of the Boston Marathon
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The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon held in the Greater Boston area in Massachusetts. The event is held on Patriots Day, the third Monday of April. The Boston Marathon has been held annually since 1897 and is the oldest annual marathon in the world.
The first Boston Marathon included only 15 runners, all of whom were men. Women were only officially allowed to run the race beginning in 1972, though female runners had unofficially participated beginning in 1966 despite the opposition of the Boston Athletic Association, the race sponsor. The Boston Marathon became the first major marathon to include a wheelchair division, in 1975. Subsequently, in 1977, the Wheelchair division was bifurcated to allow for both a Men's and a Women's division.
Many marathon champions have repeated their feats in following years. The record for most repeated championships stands at 10, held by Ernst van Dyk in the Men's Wheelchair division. In the Men's Open division, Clarence DeMar holds the distinction of most wins with seven. Catherine Ndereba tops the Women's Open division with four, while Jean Driscoll has won 8 races in the Women's Wheelchair division. The United States has had more winners than any other country, followed by Kenya and Canada. The United States and Canada dominated the early years of the race, and it was not until the 36th race, in 1932, that someone from outside North America, Paul de Bruyn of Germany, won the race. During the period from World War II through the 1980s, there was much more national diversity among Boston Marathon champions, but the last two decades have seen Kenya emerge as the dominant nationality, especially in the Men's Open division, which (as of 2018) has been won by Kenyans in 20 of the past 28 years.
The 42.195 kilometres (26.219 mi) length of the marathon was not fixed before the 1924 Paris Olympics, and the Boston course varied as well. Prior to 1924 the course distance was approximately 24.5 miles (39.4 km). Even after the standardization of marathon lengths, the Boston course was off by nearly 200 yards from the correct distance until the mistake was discovered and corrected in 1927. The course grew gradually shorter in the 1950s as road reconstruction straightened curves. This time, upon remeasurement, the course was found to lack nearly 1200 yards, and this was corrected beginning with the 1957 race. Due to these changes, the marathon recognizes several course records that are slower than previous records due to being run on longer courses. 26 world records have been set on the Boston Marathon course, one in the Men's Open Division, two in the Women's Open, 13 in the Men's Wheelchair, and 10 in the Women's Wheelchair.
- Course record (Note: The men's course was changed in 1957)
- World record for that given year
|Year||Athlete||Country/State or Province||Time||Notes|
|1897||John J. McDermott||United States(NY)||2:55:10|
|1898||Ronald J. MacDonald||Canada (NS)||2:42:00|
|1899||Lawrence Brignolia||United States (MA)||2:54:38|
|1900||John "Jack" Caffery||Canada (ON)||2:39:44|
|1901||John "Jack" Caffery||Canada (ON)||2:29:23||2nd victory|
|1902||Sammy Mellor||United States (NY)||2:43:12|
|1903||John Lorden||United States (MA)||2:41:29|
|1904||Michael Spring||United States (NY)||2:38:04|
|1905||Frederick Lorz||United States (NY)||2:38:25|
|1906||Tim Ford||United States (MA)||2:45:45|
|1907||Thomas Longboat||Canada (ON)||2:24:24|
|1908||Thomas Morrissey||United States (NY)||2:25:43|
|1909||Henri Renaud||United States (NH)||2:53:36|
|1910||Fred Cameron||Canada (NS)||2:28:52|
|1911||Clarence DeMar||United States (MA)||2:21:39|
|1912||Michael J. Ryan||United States (NY)||2:21:18|
|1913||Fritz Carlson||United States (MN)||2:25:14|
|1914||James Duffy||Canada (ON)||2:25:14|
|1915||Édouard Fabre||Canada (PQ)||2:31:41|
|1916||Arthur Roth||United States (MA)||2:27:16|
|1917||Bill Kennedy||United States (NY)||2:28:37|
|1918||Camp Devens relay team||United States (MA)||2:29:53||1918 race was relay for 10-man military teams|
|1919||Carl Linder||United States (MA)||2:29:13|
|1921||Frank Zuna||United States (NY)||2:18:57|
|1922||Clarence DeMar||United States (MA)||2:18:10||2nd victory|
|1923||Clarence DeMar||United States (MA)||2:23:47||3rd victory|
|1924||Clarence DeMar||United States (MA)||2:29:40||4th victory|
|1925||Charles Mellor||United States (IL)||2:33:00|
|1926||Johnny Miles||Canada (NS)||2:25:40|
|1927||Clarence DeMar||United States (MA)||2:40:22||5th victory|
|1928||Clarence DeMar||United States (MA)||2:37:07||6th victory|
|1929||Johnny Miles||Canada (NS)||2:33:08||2nd victory|
|1930||Clarence DeMar||United States (MA)||2:34:48||7th victory|
|1931||James Henigan||United States (MA)||2:46:45|
|1932||Paul de Bruyn||Germany||2:33:36|
|1933||Leslie S. Pawson||United States (RI)||2:31:01|
|1934||Dave Komonen||Canada (ON)||2:32:53|
|1935||John A. Kelley||United States (MA)||2:32:07|
|1936||Ellison Brown||United States (RI)||2:33:40|
|1937||Walter Young||Canada (PQ)||2:33:20|
|1938||Leslie S. Pawson||United States (RI)||2:35:34||2nd victory|
|1939||Ellison Brown||United States (RI)||2:28:51||2nd victory|
|1940||Gérard Côté||Canada (PQ)||2:28:28|
|1941||Leslie S. Pawson||United States (RI)||2:30:38||3rd victory|
|1942||Joe Smith||United States (MA)||2:26:51|
|1943||Gérard Côté||Canada (PQ)||2:28:25||2nd victory|
|1944||Gérard Côté||Canada (PQ)||2:31:50||3rd victory|
|1945||John A. Kelley||United States (MA)||2:30:40||2nd victory|
|1947||Suh Yun-bok||South Korea||2:25:39||First Asian champion, set world record|
|1948||Gérard Côté||Canada (PQ)||2:31:02||4th victory|
|1950||Ham Kee-Yong||South Korea||2:32:39|
|1956||Antti Viskari||Finland||2:14:14||Old course length record|
|1957||John J. Kelley||United States (CT)||2:20:05||COURSE LENGTH CHANGED|
|1961||Eino Oksanen||Finland||2:23:39||2nd victory|
|1962||Eino Oksanen||Finland||2:23:48||3rd victory|
|1964||Aurèle Vandendriessche||Belgium||2:19:59||2nd victory|
|1967||Dave McKenzie||New Zealand||2:15:45|
|1968||Amby Burfoot||United States (CT)||2:22:17|
|1970||Ron Hill||United Kingdom||2:10:30|
|1973||Jon Anderson||United States (OR)||2:16:03|
|1975||Bill Rodgers||United States (MA)||2:09:55|
|1976||Jack Fultz||United States (VA)||2:20:19|
|1977||Jerome Drayton||Canada (ON)||2:14:46|
|1978||Bill Rodgers||United States (MA)||2:10:13||2nd victory|
|1979||Bill Rodgers||United States (MA)||2:09:27||3rd victory|
|1980||Bill Rodgers||United States (MA)||2:12:11||4th victory|
|1982||Alberto Salazar||United States (MA)||2:08:52|
|1983||Greg Meyer||United States (MI)||2:09:00|
|1984||Geoff Smith||United Kingdom||2:10:34|
|1985||Geoff Smith||United Kingdom||2:14:05||2nd victory|
|1986||Robert de Castella||Australia||2:07:51|
|1987||Toshihiko Seko||Japan||2:11:50||2nd victory|
|1991||Ibrahim Hussein||Kenya||2:11:06||2nd victory|
|1992||Ibrahim Hussein||Kenya||2:08:14||3rd victory|
|1994||Cosmas Ndeti||Kenya||2:07:15||2nd victory|
|1995||Cosmas Ndeti||Kenya||2:09:22||3rd victory|
|1998||Moses Tanui||Kenya||2:07:34||2nd victory|
|2001||Lee Bong-Ju||South Korea||2:09:43||First South Korean win since 1947|
|2003||Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot||Kenya||2:10:11|
|2006||Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot||Kenya||2:07:14||2nd victory|
|2007||Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot||Kenya||2:14:13||3rd victory|
|2008||Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot||Kenya||2:07:45||4th victory|
|2010||Robert Kiprono Cheruiyot||Kenya||2:05:52|
|2011||Geoffrey Mutai||Kenya||2:03:02||Current men's course record|
|2013||Lelisa Desisa Benti||Ethiopia||2:10:22|
|2014||Meb Keflezighi||United States (CA)||2:08:37||First American win since 1983|
|2015||Lelisa Desisa Benti||Ethiopia||2:09:17||2nd victory|
|2016||Lemi Berhanu Hayle||Ethiopia||2:12:45|
|2018||Yuki Kawauchi||Japan||2:15:58||First Japanese win since 1987|
|1966||Bobbi Gibb||United States (MA)||3:21:40||(unsanctioned)|
|1967||Bobbi Gibb||United States (CA)||3:27:17||(unsanctioned) 2nd victory|
|1968||Bobbi Gibb||United States (CA)||3:30:00||(unsanctioned) 3rd victory|
|1969||Sara Mae Berman||United States (MA)||3:22:46||(unsanctioned)|
|1970||Sara Mae Berman||United States (MA)||3:05:07||(unsanctioned) 2nd victory|
|1971||Sara Mae Berman||United States (MA)||3:08:30||(unsanctioned) 3rd victory|
|1972||Nina Kuscsik||United States (NY)||3:10:26||first year that women were officially sanctioned|
|1973||Jacqueline Hansen||United States (CA)||3:05:59|
|1974||Miki Gorman||United States (CA)||2:47:11|
|1975||Liane Winter||West Germany||2:42:24||world record|
|1976||Kim Merritt||United States (WI)||2:47:10|
|1977||Miki Gorman||United States (CA)||2:48:33||2nd victory|
|1978||Gayle Barron||United States (GA)||2:44:52|
|1979||Joan Benoit||United States (ME)||2:35:15|
|1981||Allison Roe||New Zealand||2:26:46|
|1982||Charlotte Teske||West Germany||2:29:33|
|1983||Joan Benoit||United States (ME)||2:22:43||2nd victory, world record|
|1984||Lorraine Moller||New Zealand||2:29:28|
|1985||Lisa Larsen Weidenbach||United States (MI)||2:34:06|
|1988||Rosa Mota||Portugal||2:24:30||2nd victory|
|1989||Ingrid Kristiansen||Norway||2:24:33||2nd victory|
|1990||Rosa Mota||Portugal||2:25:24||3rd victory|
|1993||Olga Markova||Russia||2:25:27||2nd victory|
|1995||Uta Pippig||Germany||2:25:11||2nd victory|
|1996||Uta Pippig||Germany||2:27:12||3rd victory|
|1998||Fatuma Roba||Ethiopia||2:23:21||2nd victory|
|1999||Fatuma Roba||Ethiopia||2:23:25||3rd victory|
|2001||Catherine Ndereba||Kenya||2:23:53||2nd victory|
|2004||Catherine Ndereba||Kenya||2:24:27||3rd victory|
|2005||Catherine Ndereba||Kenya||2:25:12||4th victory|
|2008||Dire Tune||Ethiopia||2:25:25||2 seconds ahead of 2nd-place finisher|
|2009||Salina Kosgei||Kenya||2:32:16||1 second ahead of 2nd-place finisher|
|2010||Teyba Erkesso||Ethiopia||2:26:11||3 seconds ahead of 2nd-place finisher|
|2011||Caroline Kilel||Kenya||2:22:36||2 seconds ahead of 2nd-place finisher|
|2012||Sharon Cherop||Kenya||2:31:50||2 seconds ahead of 2nd-place finisher|
|2013||Rita Jeptoo||Kenya||2:26:25||2nd victory|
|2014||Kenya||Course record, later disqualified|
|2014||Buzunesh Deba||Ethiopia||2:19:59||Current women's course record|
|2018||Desi Linden||United States (MI)||2:39:54||First American win since 1985|
|1975||Robert Hall||United States (MA)||2:58:00|
|1977||Robert Hall||United States (MA)||2:40:10||2nd victory|
|1978||George Murray||United States (FL)||2:26:57|
|1979||Ken Archer||United States (OH)||2:38:59|
|1980||Curt Brinkman||United States (UT)||1:55:00|
|1981||Jim Martinson||United States (WA)||2:00:41|
|1982||Jim Knaub||United States (CA)||1:51:31|
|1983||Jim Knaub||United States (CA)||1:47:10||2nd victory|
|1985||George Murray||United States (FL)||1:45:34||2nd victory|
|1986||André Viger||Canada||1:43:25||2nd victory|
|1987||André Viger||Canada||1:55:42||3rd victory|
|1990||Mustapha Badid||France||1:29:53||2nd victory|
|1991||Jim Knaub||United States (CA)||1:30:44||3rd victory|
|1992||Jim Knaub||United States (CA)||1:26:28||4th victory|
|1993||Jim Knaub||United States (CA)||1:22:17||5th victory|
|1996||Heinz Frei||Switzerland||1:30:14||2nd victory|
|1997||Franz Nietlispach||Switzerland||1:28:14||2nd victory|
|1998||Franz Nietlispach||Switzerland||1:21:52||3rd victory|
|1999||Franz Nietlispach||Switzerland||1:21:36||4th victory|
|2000||Franz Nietlispach||Switzerland||1:33:32||5th victory|
|2001||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:25:12|
|2002||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:23:19||2nd victory|
|2003||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:28:32||3rd victory|
|2004||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:18:27||4th victory|
|2005||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:24:11||5th victory|
|2006||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:25:29||6th victory|
|2008||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:26:49||7th victory|
|2009||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:33:29||8th victory|
|2010||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:26:53||9th victory|
|2011||Masazumi Soejima||Japan||1:18:50||2nd victory|
|2014||Ernst van Dyk||South Africa||1:20:36||10th victory|
|2016||Marcel Hug||Switzerland||1:24:01||2nd victory|
|2017||Marcel Hug||Switzerland||1:18:03||3rd victory|
|2018||Marcel Hug||Switzerland||1:46:26||4th victory|
|2019||Daniel Romanchuk||United States (MD)||1:21:36|
|1977||Sharon Rahn||United States (IL)||3:48:51|
|1978||Susan Shapiro||United States (CA)||3:52:35|
|1979||Sheryl Bair||United States (CA)||3:27:56|
|1980||Sharon Limpert||United States (MN)||2:49:04|
|1981||Candace Cable-Brookes||United States (NV)||2:38:41|
|1982||Candace Cable-Brookes||United States (NV)||2:12:43||2nd victory|
|1983||Sherry Ramsey||United States (CO)||2:27:07|
|1984||Sherry Ramsey||United States (CO)||2:56:51||2nd victory|
|1985||Candace Cable-Brookes||United States (CA)||2:05:26||3rd victory|
|1986||Candace Cable-Brookes||United States (CA)||2:09:28||4th victory|
|1987||Candace Cable-Brookes||United States (CA)||2:19:55||5th victory|
|1988||Candace Cable-Brookes||United States (CA)||2:10:44||6th victory|
|1990||Jean Driscoll||United States (IL)||1:43:17|
|1991||Jean Driscoll||United States (IL)||1:42:42||2nd victory|
|1992||Jean Driscoll||United States (IL)||1:36:52||3rd victory|
|1993||Jean Driscoll||United States (IL)||1:34:50||4th victory|
|1994||Jean Driscoll||United States (IL)||1:34:22||5th victory|
|1995||Jean Driscoll||United States (IL)||1:40:42||6th victory|
|1996||Jean Driscoll||United States (IL)||1:52:56||7th victory|
|1998||Louise Sauvage||Australia||1:41:19||2nd victory|
|1999||Louise Sauvage||Australia||1:42:23||3rd victory|
|2000||Jean Driscoll||United States (IL)||2:00:52||8th victory|
|2001||Louise Sauvage||Australia||1:53:54||4th victory|
|2003||Christina Ripp||United States (IL)||1:54:47|
|2004||Cheri Blauwet||United States (CA)||1:39:53|
|2005||Cheri Blauwet||United States (CA)||1:47:45||2nd victory|
|2006||Edith Hunkeler||Switzerland||1:43:42||2nd victory|
|2008||Wakako Tsuchida||Japan||1:48:32||2nd victory|
|2009||Wakako Tsuchida||Japan||1:54:37||3rd victory|
|2010||Wakako Tsuchida||Japan||1:43:32||4th victory|
|2011||Wakako Tsuchida||Japan||1:34:06||5th victory|
|2012||Shirley Reilly||United States (AZ)||1:37:36|
|2013||Tatyana McFadden||United States (MD)||1:45:25|
|2014||Tatyana McFadden||United States (MD)||1:35:06||2nd victory|
|2015||Tatyana McFadden||United States (MD)||1:52:54||3rd victory|
|2016||Tatyana McFadden||United States (MD)||1:42:16||4th victory|
|2018||Tatyana McFadden||United States (MD)||2:04:39||5th victory|
|2019||Manuela Schär||Switzerland||1:34:19||2nd victory|
Victories by nationality
Franz Nietlispach, five-time winner of the men's wheelchair division
Rodgers Rop, winner of the 2002 Boston Marathon, at the time the 12th Kenyan victory in 15 years
Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot in the 2006 Boston Marathon, where he set a new course record
Masazumi Soejima, winner of the 2007 wheelchair race
Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot in the 2008 Boston Marathon, where he won for the fourth time
Deriba Merga in the 2009 Boston Marathon near halfway point in Wellesley
Robert Kiprono Cheruiyot (not to be confused with previous winner Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot) in the 2010 Boston Marathon, near halfway point in Wellesley
Geoffrey Mutai in the Wellesley College "scream tunnel" (background), approaching the halfway point in the 2011 race
Wesley Korir in 2012 Boston Marathon approaching halfway point in Wellesley College scream tunnel
Lelisa Desisa Benti, male winner of 2013 Boston Marathon approaching halfway point
Ernst Van Dyk 10 time men's wheelchair winner in the 2014 Boston Marathon near halfway point in Wellesley Square
Meb Keflezighi in 2014 Boston Marathon near halfway point in Wellesley Square
Berhanu Lemi, male winner of 2016 Boston Marathon approaching halfway point
Yuki Kawauchi near halfway point of Boston Marathon 2018 in which he got first place.
Marcel Hug near halfway point of Boston Marathon 2018 in which he got first place.
Daniel Romanchuk near half way mark of 2019 Boston Marathon in which he got first place.
Lawrence Cherono near the half way mark of the 2019 Boston Marathon in which he got first place.
Russian Lidiya Grigoryeva on her way to winning the 2007 Boston Marathon
Kenyan Rita Jeptoo, winner of the 2006 Boston Marathon, in her unsuccessful attempt for a repeat win in the 2007 race
Dire Tune on the way to winning the 2008 Boston Marathon
Salina Kosgei on the way to winning the 2009 Boston Marathon, near halfway point in Wellesley
Teyba Erkesso on the way to winning the 2010 Boston Marathon, near halfway point in Wellesley
Caroline Kilel on the way to winning the 2011 Boston Marathon, near halfway point in Wellesley
Sharon Cherop on way to winning 2012 Boston Marathon near halfway point in Wellesley College scream tunnel
Rita Jeptoo, female winner of 2013 Boston Marathon approaching halfway point
Women's wheelchair winner, Tatyana McFadden in the 2014 Boston Marathon near halfway point in Wellesley
Caroline Rotich, female winner of 2015 Boston Marathon approaching halfway point
Atsede Baysa, female winner of 2016 Boston Marathon approaching halfway point
Edna Kiplagat, female winner of 2017 Boston Marathon approaching halfway point
Tatyana McFadden near halfway point of Boston Marathon 2018 in which she got first place.
Desiree Linden near halfway point of Boston Marathon 2018 in which she got first place.
Worknesh Degefa near half way point of 2019 Boston Marathon in which she got first place.
Manuela Schär near half way mark of 2019 Boston Marathon in which she got first place.
- "Mutai wins Boston in world-record time: Kilel edges American in women's race". Boston Herald. Associated Press. April 18, 2011. Archived from the original on April 21, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- May, Peter (April 18, 2011). "Kenya's Mutai Wins Boston in 2:03:02". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- Due to American involvement in World War I, the 1918 race was run as a 10-man relay for teams from military bases across the United States. The winner was the team from Camp Devens, Massachusetts.
- "Ex-Boston Marathon champion Suh Yun-bok passes away". Yonhap News Agency. June 27, 2017.
Suh became the first Asian champion of the Boston Marathon in 1947, setting the then-world record with 2:25.39.
- Richard Benyo, Joe Henderson (2002). Running Encyclopedia. Human Kinetics. p. 171.
- Paul C. Clerici (March 18, 2014). Boston Marathon: History by the Mile. Arcadia Publishing. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- Rich Thompson (April 14, 2019). "Weather and security on Boston Marathon menu". Boston Herald. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- Whiteside, Kelly (April 21, 2014). "American Meb Keflezighi wins Boston Marathon". USA Today. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- Kumar, Aishwarya (Apr 16, 2018). "Yuki Kawauchi's surprise win in Boston". ESPN.
- The first six victories in the women's open division were officially recognized in 1996.
- Peters, Gil (April 22, 1975). "New Marathon mark". The Bryan Times. UPI. p. 12. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
- Clark, Ernie (April 15, 2019). "Joan Samuelson places first in age group with 3-hour Boston Marathon finish". Bangor Daily News.
She won Boston again in 1983 with a world best at the time of 2:22:43.
- Dwinell, Joe (April 21, 2008). "Dire Tune, Robert Cheruiyot win Boston Marathon". Boston Herald. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- "Kosgei, Merga win; Americans third". ESPN. April 20, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- Morse, Parker (19 April 2010). "Cheruiyot smashes Boston record with 2:05:52 sizzler - Boston Marathon report". IAAF. Archived from the original on 22 April 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Late kick carries Caroline Kilel". Boston Herald. April 19, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- Morse, Parker (April 16, 2012). "Korir and Cherop the best as warm weather slows Boston". IAAF. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- "IAAF Appeal Upheld - Rita Jeptoo Suspended for Four Years by The Court of Arbitration For Sport" (PDF). www.tas-cas.org. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
- Yang, Nicole (April 13, 2017). "These Boston Marathon course records are waiting to be broken". Boston Globe Media Partners. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
- "Desiree Linden first American woman to win Boston Marathon since 1985". ESPN. April 16, 2018.
- This time is the slowest in 31 years due to weather conditions.
- Rich Tenorio (April 12, 2018). "Manuela Schar Is Ready To Defend Her Boston Title And World Record". Women's Running. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- This includes two victories by West German athletes during the Cold War.
- "History". Boston Marathon. Boston Athletic Association. 2015. Archived from the original on 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
- "Past Champions". Boston Marathon. Boston Athletic Association. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-02-23. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
- "Records". Boston Marathon. Boston Athletic Association. 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-23.